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YoL. XXVI. JANUARY, 1872. No. 1. 


[Communicated by Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D.] 

Benjamin Parker Richardson was born in Boston, at the corner of 
Pearl and High streets, April 23, 1802, and died in Boston, at 37 Boylston 
street, Nov. 17, 1870, aged sixty-eight years. On the paternal side 
he descended from Jeffrey Richardson, who was born in Yorkshire, 
Eng., in 1693, and emigrated to this country and died on Winter street, 
Boston, Sept. 29, 1775. On the maternal side he descended from Capt. 
Richard Brackett, who was born in Scotland, in 1610, and removed to 
America, and died in Braintry (Braintree), Mass., March 5, 1690-1. For 
the details of his descent from those venerable and venerated ancestors, the 
reader is referred to a volume entitled Genealogical and Biographical 
Sketches of the Name and Family of Brackett and Richardson, hy Jeffrey 
Richardson, Jr. 

His father, Jeffrey Richardson, was a witness of the Boston massacre, 
March 5, 1770. He possessed a large real estate in Boston, and owned 
the rope-walks, which extended from High street to Milk street, and which 
were destroyed by the Great Fire in 1794. In 1796, the town deeded to 
him " a tract of marsh land and flats at the bottom of the Common." 

No incidents of a very remarkable character appear to have occurred in 
the early life of Mr. Benjamin P. Richardson. He was bred to business, and 
in 1826 he became a partner in the firm of J. Richardson & Brothers, iron 
merchants, who occupied the same store, No. 2 Central wharf, for the long 
period of 53 years. That firm conducted their business through that pro- 
tracted term, and amid all the remarkable vicissitudes in commercial affairs 
which distinguished it, with the utmost harmony and with continued success.^ 

1 It is worthy of note that the surviving partners, Messrs. Jeffrey and James B. Richard- 
son, continue under the same firm at the same place. Ed. 
Vol. XXVI. 1 

2 JVUUam Farlccr Richardson, [January, 

Mr. Richardson was remarkable for method and accuracy, and his private 
ledgers and letter books are models of beauty and correctness.^ In the 
years 1822 and 1824, he made tours of observation through the Nortliern, 
Middle and Southern States, and scanned, with careful eyes, the state of the 
country and the condition of society in the regions through which he passed, 
and with ready pen entered his "random sketches" in a volume, filling 547 
pages. He had letters of introduction to Thomas Jetferson and James 
Madison, who kindly received him and presented him to other distinguished 
gentlemen of that day. 

Mr. Kichardson collected a library, which was remarkably rich in works 
upon the early history of this country, in manuscripts, pamj)hlets, ballads 
and newspapers. Genealogy was with him a favorite study, or rather a re- 
cuperating pastime. Searching records, conversing with the aged, copying 
epitaphs, collecting antique relics, and pursuing, with indefatigable diligence, 
some clue which he had discovered, to find some connecting link in family 
records, which others had long sought for in vain, were his great delight. 

In politics, Mr. Richardson was an ardent whig. He was a member of 
the house of representatives from Boston for live successive years ; a 
member of the common council for six successive years ; and a member of 
the school committee for seventeen successive years. He was also a mem- 
ber of the Water Board, and of various benevolent institutions. 

In religion, he was an Episcoi)alian. He was a vestryman of Trinity 
Church, clerk of the Greene Foundation, and member for many years of 
the Massachusetts Board of Missions, besides sustaining many other impor- 
tant trusts in that denomination. A distinguishing feature of his lift; was 
inflexible honestv. His undcrstandin*: was stroni: and accurate, and lie liad 
little tendency towards vacillation when his judgment was convinced that 
any given course was right. His bodily sufferings during his latter years 
consigned him to a long and weary seclusion from general society, but they 
sat, in stronger relief, the gentleness, the patience, and the submission which 
only the grace of God can administer in seasons of calamity. In health 
and prosperity a man may be resolute before the world, but in protracted 
suffering and in the chamber of death, nothing, as in tlie case of Mr. Rich- 
ardson, but the supporting presence of the Angel of the Covenant can 
inspire true composure and peace into the soul. 

Upon his demise, appropriate resolutions, offered by the Hon. Robert C. 
Winthrop, were adopted by the vestrymen and wardens of Trinity Church, 
expressive of the great loss they had sustained by the departure of their 
associate in office, and of their sympathetic condolence with the family in 
their bereavement. 

^ "Wc are informed by his son that lie commenced at the age of ten to keep an account of his 
expenses and to preserve his letters, which practice he continued during his life ; and that 
Ms family have now his account books and letters from that age. Ed. 

1872.] Edward Oxnard. 3 

Nov. 27, 1828, Mr. Richardson was married to Rebecca, dau. of John 
Bridge, of Littleton, Mass., and they had four children : — 

Rebecca Bridge, b. Oct. 28, 1829. 

Sarah Cordelia, b. Jan. 30, 1832. 

Benjamin Ileber, b. Aug. 17, 1835, and 

Edward Cyrenius, b. Feb. 20, 1840. 

Mr. Richardson was admitted a resident member of the New-England 
Historic, Genealogical Society, Nov. 27, 1847. 

[Note by the Editor. — We are permitted to add the following extract 
from a letter by the Rt. Rev. Manton Eastburn, D.D., Bishop of Massachu- 
setts, who was an intimate friend of Mr. Richardson. It confirms the esti- 
mate of his character given in the preceding memoir.] 

" I consider Mr. Richardson's example as having been most beneficial to 
others ; and the remembrance of his uprightness makes me always think of 
him, now that he is gone, with the most unallo\'ed satisfaction. And this 
firmness of purpose, combined with a solid and vigorous understanding, is 
brouglit into strong relief by the gentleness, patience and submission with 
wliich he resigned himself to the will of God during the sulFerings of his 
latter years. The strong man, consigned to a long and weary seclusion 
attended by constant bodily anguish, then became the little child. So that 
alike in his resolute life before the world, and in his quietness of spirit in 
the chamber of death, his character is one of great force." 

^^^ ♦'^S^ '*^-' 


[At our request, Edward S. Moscley, Esq., of Newburyport, has kindly prepared 
for the Register the folloAving brief sketch of his maternal ancestry, the Oxnards, 
and has appended interesting extracts from the extended diary kept by Edward 
Oxnard while in England. — I^d. of N. E. His. 4" Oen. Register.] 

Thomas Oxxaiid, the progenitor, so far as is known, of the comparatively 
few families who bear that surname, at the present time, in the United 
States, came from the bishopric of Durham in England, and settled in 

The precise date of his immigration has not been ascertained. The 
connection, however, which he formed with the family of Mr. Osborne on 
the 10th March, 1737, by his marriage at that time with his daughter Sarah, 
would seem to indicate either that he had been here suificiently long, 
previous to his marriage, to have enabled him to establish his own rei^utation, 
or that he had left England with the prestige of a respectable position at 

John Osborne, his father-in-law, was a native of Bristol, R. I., born in 
1688, whose first wife was Sarah Woodbury of the same place. They 
subsequently removed to Boston, where she died in 1734. After her 
decease, Mr. Osborne was married three times: in 1745 to his third wife, 
Mrs. Hutchinson, the mother of Gov. Hutchinson. Two of his sons grad- 
uated at Harvard College: — John, in 1735; and Woodbury, whose name 

4 Edivard Oxnard. [January, 

heads the list in the catalogue of that year, in 1739, both of whom, as well 
as Mrs. Oxnard, were children by his first wife. Mr. Osborne died in 
Boston in 17G8. 

Mr. Oxnard engaged successfully in commerce and the importation of 
merchandise. In 1740, he was one of the directors of what was known as 
The Silver Scheme, an association of merchants and others, composed of 
such men as Samuel Sewall, Edmund Quincy, Edward Hutchinson and 
James Bowdoin, who issued their notes in opposition to The Land Bank, or 
Manufactory Scheme, for the purpose of furnishing a circulating medium of 
which the merchants and traders were greatly in need. In 1746 his name 
appears, in company with those of other ''prominent citizens," as a proprietor 
of real estate in Boston, attached to a memorial addressed to the freeholders 
and others assembled in town meeting. 

To him belongs, what is now considered the honorable distinction of 
havinir been a subscriber to Prince's Chronology. 

He was interested in the subject of free-masonry, and finally attained, in 
that fraternity, the high position of grand-master, which office he held at the 
time of his decease. The following notice of his appointment is copied from 
a Boston newspaper of tliat period : 

*' The Kight Worshipfid Thomas Oxnard having received a deputation, 
dated London, Sept- 23d, 1743, from the Rt. Hon. and most worshipful John, 
Lord Ward, Baron of Birmingham, in the county of AYarwick, grand-master 
of Masons in England, appointing him provincial grand-master of Masons 
in the room of the right worshipful Grand-master Tomliuson, deceased : 
which being communicated, March 6, 1744, he was properly acknowledged, 
invested, installed and congratulated.'^ 

Mr. Oxnard's residence was on Tremont street, at some distance back 
from the road, the lot on which it stood extending from Winter to the next 
street running parallel with it on the north. 

It is described in the inventory of his j^roperty on file in the probate 
ofhce in Boston, the record of which has been recently examined, as "house 
and land fronting the common," and is appraised at what was then deemed 
the large amount of £1200. 

At his decease, which took place June 2G, 1754, he was buried under the 
old Trinity church. The following notice of his death and of the public 
services attending upon his funeral is extracted from the account published 
in one of the Boston newspapers of that time. 

" A Grand Lodge was held in due form at Gratea's in Roxbury, on June 
20, 1754, but by reason of the death of the Right-worshipful Grand-Master 
Thomas Oxnard, this morning at 11 o'clock, the celebration was rather 
sorrowful than joyous. In honor of their right worshipful Grand Master, 
whose loss was sincerely lamented by all who had the pleasure and honor 
of his acquaintance, and more especially by the society over which he had 
for eleven years presided with dignity, they voted to attend his funeral in 
mourning with the honors of masonrv and to invite the several lodo^es to 
assist on this mournful occasion." 

" His corpse was attended to the grave by a numerous train of relatives, 
friends and acquaintances, and by the society of Free and Accepted Masons, 
dressed in black, clothed with white aprons and gloves, who walked before 
the procession, two and two. 

" The grand-master's Jewel was carried on a tasseled black velvet cushion 
before the coffin. The deputy grand-master and other officers wore their 
Jewels pendant upon black ribbon. 

1872.] Edward Oxnard. 5 

" After the interment, tlie fraternity walked before the relations and 
returned with them to the mansion house of the deceased, where they took 
their leave. The whole attendance was conducted, through a vast number 
of spectators, with great order and decency." 

His widow, Mrs. Oxnard, in May, 175G, married Judge Samuel Watts of 
the Court of Common Pleas, and died in 1773. Her will was presented for 
probate before the Hon. Foster Hutchinson, Sept. 3d of that year ; Sampson 
S. Blowers, H. C. 1763, afterwards the chief-justice of New Brunswick, to 
whom her son Edward in his diary makes frequent allusions, and with whom 
and whose family, while in England, he was on the most friendly relations, 
being one of the subscribing witnesses. The last item in it is as follows : 

"I give to my servant Prince his freedom from the state of slavery and 
four pounds lawful money." 

The children of Thomas and Sarah (Osborne) Oxnard were : 

Tno:\iAs, born in Boston in the year 1740. He removed to Falmouth 
after his father's decease, and in 1770 was appointed deputj^-collector of 
that port, the only place in Maine for the collection of customs until the 
revolution. June 17, 1772, he married Martha Preble, the daughter of 
Brigadier Preble, of illustrious memory, and sister of the commodore. In 
1774 there were but eight persons on the Neck in Falmouth who owned 
more shipping than he. After the burning of Falmouth by Mowatt, he left 
the country and was at length proscribed by the act of Massachusetts passed 
in 1778. Under the provisions of the absentee act of 1782, all his property 
was confiscated ; previous to which, the same year, Martha Oxnard his wife 
was permitted, by a resolve of the general court, " to go to her husband at 
Penobscot with her two servant maids, and such part of her household goods 
as the selectmen of Falmouth should admit." In 1784 he was complained 
of for violatin:^ the law in returninor from banishment, and on trial and 
conviction was committed to jail. The late Chief-Justice Parsons, then a 
practising lawyer in Newburyport, prepared a writ of habeas corpus, on the 
ground that the provisions of the treaty of peace were superior to and 
annulled all contradictory state laws. 

On being relieved from molestation, he commenced business in Portland 
with his brother Edward. Although so warm an Episcopalian that he con- 
templated taking orders at this time, ultimately his religious views underwent 
so much change that he became a Unitarian. He died May 20, 1799. Capt. 
Preble, the historian of the Preble flimily, characterizes him as "a man of 
general intelligence, a constant reader, and of unimpeachable honor and 
virtue." His wife, who survived him twenty-five years, died Oct. 10, 1824. 
They had in all ten children, some of whom seem to have inherited the 
same traits of character exhibited by their renowned uncle, Commodore 
Preble — viz. : 

Thomas, tlie eldest, during the war of 1812-15, commanded the True 
Blooded Yankee of 18 guns and 200 men, which, under his charge, 
became so destructive to British commerce, that a reward was offered 
by that government for her capture. He was endowed with 
undaunted courage, and neither tlie dangers of tho seas, the menaces 
of a turbulent crew, nor the confiict with an enemy vastly his 
superior in force, could cause him for a moment to quail. He married 
Clarice (the sister of the late P. P. F. De Grand) of JMarseilles, and 
was for many years the U. S. consul at that port, where he died 
June 10, 1840, interred at his especial desire with the American flag 
Vol. XXYI. 1* 

C Edward Oxnard, [January, 

wrapped round him for a shroud. He left children, who survive, all 
born in France. 

Edward, was lost in the privateer Dash, which foundered at sea in the 
. war of 1812-15, leaving no descendants. 

JEbenezer, died unmarried at Demerara, Oct. 22, 1800. 

John, died at sea, unmarried, Dec. 20, 1802. 

Martha, married her cousin Edward Oxnard. She died Jan. 30, 18 GO, 
leavinof three sons and two dauo;hters. 

Mary, died unmarried, Jan. 7, 17UG. 

Henry, born Jan. 6, 1789 ; died Dec. 15, 1813, at his residence on Mt. 
Vernon street, Boston, leaving two sons and one daughter. An 
obituary notice of him in the Boston Daily Advertiser speaks of him 
'' as combining with a vigorous constitution, daring enterprise, 
intelligence and rectitude of conduct. In all his vast and complicated 
mercantile transactions he had acquired such an exalted reputation 
for integrity, such a faithful adherence to all those high principles on 
which the institutions of society are founded and depend for their 
stability, as to have secured that public confidence and respect which 
are the most precious rewards, that man can hope to receive." For 
many years, he was the purchasing agent, in New Orleans, of the 
manufacturing corporations of Lowell. 

Mehitahle, married her cousin William Oxnard, and still survives. She 
has four sons and two daughters. 

Enoch, was lost in the Dash in the war of 1812-15. 

Stephen, was for many years the master of a merchant ship, and died in 
Portland, leaving one son and five daughters. 

2. Mary, the second child of Thomas and Sarah (Osborne) Oxnard, was 
born in 1742. She married, May 22, 17 G5, Edward AVatts, M.D., the son 
of Judge "Watts, who Iiad jireviously married her mother for his second wife, 
and being her mother's second husband. He died Jan. 9, 1799. She died, 
Jan. 19, 1812, and left descendants, one of whom, the lion. Francis O. Watts, 
a grandson, died within a few years in Boston, universally lamented. 

3. Edward Oxnard, the second son and third child of Thomas and 
Sarah (Osborne) Oxnard, was born in Boston on the 30th July, 1747. He 
entered Harvard College, and graduated there in 17G7, his name standing 
the third in the list of graduates of that year, preceded only by those of 
Thomas Bernard, the son of Sir Francis and afterward himself a baronet, 
and Adam Winthrop. Since 1773 the names have been arranged alpha- 
betically. As indicating the paucity of the family name on this side of the 
water, it may be stated, that it stands solitary and alone in the index of the 
Harvard graduates, and is not to be found therein, except as a middle name 
by his gi-andson, the Rev. William Oxnard Moseley, H. C. 183 G, and his 
great grandson, W. O., Jr., 18G9. 

A cursory examination of the triennials of other colleges in New-England 
does not show a single graduate of that family name. At the time of his 
graduation, he united with his classmate Bernard in giving a ball to their 
mutual friends, the invitation to which, struck off from the copper plate used 
on that occasion, is here given,^ showing that the " spreads " of the present 
day, as they are now termed, had their counter-part more than a hundred 
years ago. 

V See the printed plate hereto annexed, for which we are indebted to the liberality of 
Mr. Moseley.— Ed. 

'1>c'a^n^ tA^<»y^a^jt77i^ o/^ 



acoi6J^ ^7L f^yn^//rdct^ 

^<^ tyeTi^nY/ COl6J^ 

1872.] Edward Oxnard, 7 

After leaving college, his elder brother having moved to Falmouth, Mr. 
Oxnard also engaged there in business with him. On the 11th Oct., 1774, 
he was married by the Rev. Dr. Haven, of Portsmouth,^. H., to Mary Fox, 
born Nov. 9, 1754, the daughter of Jabez Fox, H. C. 1727, who studied 
divinity, but whose health did not allow him to preach — who for the three 
years preceding his death in April, 1755, held the position of a member of 
the governor's council. He was the second son of John Fox, H. C. 1698, 
the minister of Woburn, who was the son of Jabez, H. C. 1665. At the 
time of the revolution, the Fox family were all whigs, and their sympathies 
and personal efforts given decidedly to its support. The ship " Fox," armed 
and fitted out principally by John Fox, the brother of Mrs. Oxnard, with 4 
iron guns and no swords, but with scythes fitted into handles for boarding 
pikes, succeeded in capturing a letter-of-marque of 18 guns, with a very 
valuable cargo, which she took safely into Boston. 

Notwithstanding the strong opposing feeling of the family into which he 
had married, it is not strange that Mr. Oxnard should have been influenced 
by considerations arising from his descent, political faith and religious belief, 
as a member at that time of the church of England, to remain loyal to the 
king and crown. 

When therefore it became apparent that the sword was to be drawn, and 
the issue depended upon the success of either party in arms, he believed that 
his allegiance was due the mother country to which he was closely allied by 
hereditary ties ; and under the impression that the rebellion, as he deemed 
it, ought and speedily would be crushed out by its Overwhelming supremacy, 
he left America, arriving in England on the 17th August, 1775. Here his 
stay was unwillingly protracted until the 30th April, 1785, when he 
embarked for the U. S., by the way of Halifax. 

The journal which he kept while in England, extracts from which are 
hereto appended, and to which this account of the family is but an 
introduction, shows, for the most part, the routine of his daily life, accounting 
for his employment almost every hour, and was evidently penned, either to 
remind him in after years of the little occurrences of the moment, or with 
the view of giving his friends a transcript of the events wdiich befel him 
while an exile from his native land. Their publication in the Register 
has been doubtless suggested, not from the literary talent they exhibit, or 
from any profound disquisition they contain, but because anything bearing 
on those times, whether socially or politically, has, at this day, an interest. 

Mr. Oxnard was a member of the Adelphi Club in London, composed of 
about twenty-five loyalists, of which Gov. Hutchinson was one ; and also of 
another society of a literary character. During his long absence, his time 
was principally spent in company with some of his fellow refugees, with 
whom he could mourn in sympathy over the cause of their exile. With 
Judge Sewall and his family, and Mr. Blowers, both in London and after 
his return to Halifax, where he became chief-justice, Mr. Oxnard was on 
intimate terms. 

As with his brother Thomas, he was proscribed by name in the act passed 
by Massachusetts, in Sept., 1778. Unlike in character and in appearance 
to his brother, there was yet a remarkable uniformity in their action, and 
harmony in their respective opinions. Previous to the revolution they had 
been connected in business, and after Edward's return to the U. S. in 1786, 
they again united in it. At different times, they were both lay-readers in 
the episcopal church in Falmouth, and were doubtless influenced in their 
political action by their warm attachment to the church of England, leading 

8 Edward Oxnard. [January, 

to the sacrifice of property, country and kindred, yet ultimately both 
abandoned their previous oj^iuions, owing in a great degree to the influence 
of the Eev. Dr. Freeman, of the King's Chapel in Boston, and became 
Unitarians. Edward died in Portland, July 2, 1803, as he was on the eve 
of moving into a large three-story house wdiich he had built. His wife, 
Mary Fox, survived him in widowhood more than thirty years, dying in 
Portland, Aug. 22, 1835. 

The children of Edward and Mary (Fox) Oxnard were : 

1. Mary Ann, born Jan. 31, 1787; married June 17, 1810, the lion. 
Ebenezer Moseley, of Newburyport. She died March 9, 1840, leaving 
issue, of whom two sons and two daughters are now living. 

2. William, born Feb. 11, 1789 ; married his cousin Mehitable, and has 
children; died October, 1871, aged 82. 

3. Edward, born July 13, 1791 ; married his cousin Martha, and has issue. 
The two brothers have always been interested together in commercial 


4. Lucy Jones, born June 9, 1793 ; married her cousin John Fox, Esq., 
of Portland, where he died within a few years, leaving three sons and one 
daughter who survive. One of the sons is the lion. Etlward Fox, wlio has 
held the position of judge of the supreme court in Maine, and now that of 
judge of the U. S. district court. 

5. John, born March 2G, 1795 ; married Catlierinc Stewart, and has 

Newhuryport, Oct. 2G, 1871. M. 


Aug 16— 

1775. Made the English Coast called Plymouth. 
Sep*. 1^\ This day took lodgings in Newgate Street, No 51, at 10-G a 
week — for two rooms. 

4— Engaged to dine with Alderman Brigham in company witli Sir Thomas 
Trickling & Cai)^ Scott. By no means liked my company, as we differed 
in political sentiments. My cousin CivfTord called on me, and appeared to 
be very fond of seeing me.— A high AV'ilkite, I soon observed. 
1-:t- Received a card from Gov. Hutchinson to dine, could not, so waited 
on him in person to make mv compliments. He appears low sjjirited ; 
desired me to call again. Went with IMr. F. Green, Mr. Balch, IMr. 
Silsby, & Mr. Berry to see Sir Watkin William Wynn* House in S^ James 
Square. I think it extremely elegant. 

10— This morning went to Mr. W * * " conventicle, stayed about two 
hours, came out by no means improved, the preacher was a mere boy, who 
made up his want of knowledge, by noise, from thence went to Newington 
Green to Mr Cox' to dinner, heard the great Dr. Price preach a funeral 
sermon, the text the last enemy, Death. The Dr. proved himself to be an 
mgemous and sensible divine. 

12-Tr- This morning went with Mr. Curwen, Cap*. Martin & Mr. Silsby to 
Chelsea; examined Battersea Bridge built wholly of wood— it looks very airy. 

T -^^^\^ morning at home, writing to America, dined with Mr. Newbrey 
•—smgle dish. In the afternoon went with Mr. Watson to the Queen* 
Arms to hear a disputation on predestination & election, which was poorly 
supported on either side—mere mechanicks, who thought themselves suffi- 

1872.] Edward Oxnard. 9 

ciently able to dispute on the most abstruse & intricate subjects. Mr. Berry 
spent the evening with me. had a good pot of porter together. 
18-rr This morning went to the N. E. Coffee house. 

Heard of two arrivals from America, but the letters have not come to 
hand. Dined at the Queen'^ Arms ; then to the Carolina Coffee house to 
see Mr. Osgood from thence to Mr. Berry'^, who carried me to the Kobin 
Hood Society, which I find is visited by persons of better understanding, 
and situation in life than the Queen^ Arms. The questions under discussion 
were whether Taxation promotes Industry, and whether it is equitable & 
right that Congress should confiscate the Estates of the Refugees in England: 
this last was determined to be unjust by a great majority. 

The method of the Society is this : a president is appointed for a length 
of time, and he determines all disputes that arise. Every person, who is 
disposed has a right to dispute on the question, which is proposed the night 
before. The President begins asking the one at his left hand, and so goes 
on to his right. All are allowed to speak once to the question & then no 
longer than fifteen minutes. After every one has spoken that is inclined, 
the President sums up the arguments & delivers his opinion. After which, 
it is determined by a major vote of the Society. 

20-rr This morning Mr. Head & Mr. Berry did me the honor of break- 
fasting with me, after which walked with Mr. Silsby towards the extreme 
south of the city, dined with Mr. Johnson, w^ho is a counsellor at law, and 
is the Author of Chrysal or the adventures of a Guinea. As far as I am 
capable of judging, he is a sensible & agreeable man, well acquainted with 
the places to which he has travelled. In the evening went to the Haymarket 
to see Foote. The play was called the Commissary ; the entertainment, 
cross questions. Their majesties were there. The King entered first, and 
the plaudit was universal : the Queen entered some time after. Plis majesty 
is a very good figure of a man. He seemed to He much dejected. Her 
majesty apj^ears to be a small woman ; her countenance carries such a 
sweetness, as attracts the esteem of all. She was dressed in white, with a 
diamond stomacher; a black cap with lustres of diamonds. A maid of honor 
stood behind her chair the whole time, as well as a Lord behind his majesty'^ 
I observed the Kiug & Queen conversed as familiarly together, as we in 
general do in public company. Two beefeaters stood on each side of their 
majesties the whole of the play. I take Foote to have been a good actor, 
but to have lost much of his humor and drollery by age. 

I dislike much his entertainments, as they are pointed at particular 
persons, remarkable for some peculiarity. 

O-rr Oct. Called this morning on Mr. Gray & Mr. Waldo, dined at Sheriff 
Hayley' in company with Mr. & Mrs. Amory, Mr. Harrison, Mr. Greene, 
Cap^ Scott & Mr. Quincey. The dinner was the most elegant of any I 
have seen in England. Bacon & fowls, boiled & roast, roast hare, battered 
oysters &c ; custards & cheese cakes, damson & gooseberry tarts — a fine 
pyramid of sweetmeats — wines of different kinds. 

1 1-rr In the evening Mr. Quincey, Col. Pickman, Mr. Cabut & myself went 
to Covent Garden, but could not get in, the house being so exceedingly full, 
owing to tlieir majesties being there. From thence went to Drury Lane, 
the play, " Win a wife & rule her." The pantomine, " Harlequin^ Jacket," 
the scenery was beyond anything I have ever imagined & was shifted with 
the greatest dexterity. The house has been lately fitted up in a most ele- 
gant manner. 
15-77- This morning went with Mr Cox to Islington to church. We gave 

10 Edward Oxnard, [January, 

some offence by taking possession of a pew. returned to Mr Cox^ to dinner 
with Mr. Storey & family. In the afternoon we took a walk, as is too much 
the custom in this country on Sundays. See where the New River is car- 
ried over a field, so that one may walk underneath. I look upon this as 
great an undertaking as was ever performed. 

From the source of this river to London, the distance is 44 miles. The 
projector ruined himself, but the present proprietors have made fortunes. 
a share that was bought for £100 when the owner died, which was about 
ten years ago, is now worth £3500. This River supplies a great part of 
London with the water to drink. 

20-77- This morning Mr Silsby Berry & self rambled into the country, as 
far as Kensington Gravel pits. 

In company with Mr. Berry went to Covent Garden Theatre to see the 
Tragedy of Cato played. The celebrated Mr. Sheridan performed the part 
of Cato to admiration. He justly merits the applause which his treatise on 
Elocution gives him, as an author. The Commonality take on themselves 
to determine the merits of a performance, and if it does not suit their taste, 
they express it by hissing ; should that prove ineffectual, they pelt the actors 
with apples till they drive them from the stage or make some apology. 
25-:7- This morning was ushered in with the ringing of bells, it being the 
anniversary of the king's accession to the throne. Mr Say er was sent to 
the Tower for attempting to seize the king's person. Five malefactors were 
executed at Tyburn, at which I attended &; lost a good silk handkerchief by 
the pickpockets. The frequency of these executions appear to have no 
effect on the populace, for the number of criminals is by no means lessened 
by this mode of punishment. Drank tea &^ supped at Mr Lawrence^ 
26-r7- This morning went to S*. James Park to see the king go in state to 
the parliament House. He rode in the State Coach, the elegance of which, 
it is beyond my power to describe — drawn by eight cream colored Horses, 
elegantly dressed with Blue ribbons. The number of people was fifty, if 
not sixty thousand, through whom the king passed with joyful acclamations. 
Spent the evening at the club. 

Nov. VK This morning at home. Spent the evening with Mr. & Mrs. 
Geyer. Lost 7s at cards. 

15^:7- This morning very pleasant, visited Guildhall to see the tickets 
drawn in the Lottery, which is done much the same way as with us. There 
are two large wheels, and a blue coated boy stands at each, draws out a 
ticket, lifts his hand over his head & delivers it to another, who cuts it, and 
delivers it^to one of the Commissioners, who declares the number, the 
process on the other side being the same, a commissioner declares it, blank 
or prize. Vast numbers daily attend in hopes of being the fortunate pos- 
sessor of the £20,000 prize. Anxiety is strongly expressed on their coun- 
tenances whenever the word " prize " is announced. 

It is a great shame that so many lottery offices are permitted to be opened, 
being the means of injuring many, who gamble to a considerable amount to 
the great prejudice of their families, dined at the Queen' Arms by candle 
light, tho' but 3 o'clk. At this season of the year daylight in the city is 
very short, rendered so considerably by the narrowness of the streets, and 
the height of the houses. Drank tea at Mr Green' and treated very gen- 
teely. Mrs Green is a most amiable & humane woman. Meet here Mr 
•Boylston, lately returned from his travels. He deals much in the marvel- 

[To be contiaued.] 


Elegy on the Rev, Bcnj'amiii Bunker, 



[Communicated by John Ward Dean, A.M.] 

The following elegy, on the death of the Rev. Benjamin Bunker, written 
by the Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, is printed from the author's autograph 
copy, preserved among the Ewer Manuscripts, vol. i. folio 8, in the 
library of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. It has twice 
been printed in newspapers. The first time, it was printed in the Puri- 
tan Recorder^ Oct. 11, 1855, a religious paper of the Orthodox Congre- 
gationalist denomination, published in Boston. The copy was made by 
Dean Dudley, Esq., of Boston. A few years after, it was copied by Aaron 
Sargent, Esq., of Somerville, and printed in a Maiden newspaper. 

Upon the much lamented Death of that Precious 
servant of Christ, M^ Benjamin Buncker, pasto'" 
of the Church at Maldon, who deceased 
on the 3^ of y« 12^'* moneth 1GG9. 

M^ Biincker^s Character. 

He was another Timothie 

That from his very youth 
"With holy writt, acquainted was 

And vcrs't ith' word of truth. 
Who as he grew to riper yecrs 

He also grew in Grace ; 
And as he drew more ncer his End, 

He mended still his Pace. 

He was a true Nathaniel, 

Plain-hearted Israelite, 
In whom appear'd sincerity 

And not a guilefuU sp'rite, 
Serious in all he went about 

Doing it with his Heart, 
And not content to put off Christ 

With the eternall part. 

He was most sound and Orthodox, 

A down-right honest Teacher, 
And of soul-searching needfuU Truths 

A zealous, painfull Preacher. 
And God his pious Labours hath 

To many hearers blest. 
As by themselves hath publiquely 

Been owned & confest. 

He hath in few yeers learned more, 

And greater progress made 
In Chri^-tianity, then some 

That thrice tlie time have had. 
A humble, l)roken-hcarted man 

Still vile in his own eyes 
That from the feeling of his wants 

Christ's Grace did highly prize. 

Still thirsting to obtain more full; 

Assurance of God's Love : 
And striving to be liker Christ 

And to the Saints above. 
Although he was cndu'ed with Gifts 

And Graces more then many's; 
Yet he himself esteemed still 

More poor & vile then any. 

In fruitless, empty, vain discourse, 

He took no good content : 
But when he talk't of Heav'nly things, 

That seem'd his element. 
There you might see his heart, & know 

What was his greatest Pleasure, 
To speak & hear concerning Christ 

Who was his onely Treasure ; 

His constant self-denying frame, 

To all true saints his love. 
His meekness, sweetness. Innocence 

And spirit of a Dove, 
Let there be graven on our hearts 

And never be forgot. 
The name of precious saints shall live, 

When wicked mens shall rot. 

Maldon, Maldon thou hast long 

Enjoy'd a day of Grace ; 
Thou hast a precious man of God 

Possessed in this jdace : 
But for tliy sin, thou art bereft 

Of what thou did'st possess ; 
Oh let thy sins alHict thee more 

Then do thy wants thee press. 


Elegy on the Rev. Benjamin Bun'ker. 


Great strokes, Great Anger do proclaime, 

Great Anger, Greater sins. 
"We first provoke, 1 before the Lord ['offend. 

To punish us begins. ' 
Good Lord awaken all our hearts 

By this most solemn stroke 
To search for, find oute, and forsake 

Our sins that thee provoke 

Awake, awake, secure hard hearts ; 

Do you not hear the Bell 
That for your Pastours Funerall 

Soundeth a dolefull Knell ? 
You that would never hear nor heed 

Th' instructions that he gave, 
Me-thinks you should awake & learn 

One lesson at his Grave. 

Repent, Repent, It's more then time 

The Harvest's well nigh past. 
And Summer ended : but thy soul 

Not saved, first nor last. 
The Belows they are burnt with fire, 

The Instruments are gone, 
But still thy Lusts are unconsumcd : 

Read then thy Portion ; 

If that the ffoundcr melts in vain 

(Thy lusts do not decay) 
God will account thee worthless Dross 

Fit to be cast away. 
Since words could not awaken us, 

God tries what blowcs can do : 
He strikes ns on the head, & makes 

Us stagger to and fro. 

Much more I might have said, but Time 

"Will not the same permit. 
Come let us put our mouths in Dust 

And down in Ashes sit. 
The Lord hath giv'n us Gall to drink, 

And laid us in the Dust : 
What shall we say r Behold we're vile, 

But thou, Lord, art just. 

If this, and such like awfull strokes 

Do not our hearts awaken, 
Doubtless the Gospel will ere long 

Be wholly from us taken. 
If we repent, return to God, 

Esteem his Gospel more 
Improve it better : then the Lord 

Hath mercies vet in store 

We append to the elegy the following lines by Mr. Wigglesworth, which 
we print from a coj)y in the autograph of the author preserved in the same 
volume, folio 9. These papers were presented to the above society by the 
late Miss Charlotte Ewer, who found them among the papers of her de- 
ceased brother, Charles Ewer, Es(|., the first president of the society. The 
handwriting shows that these lines were written at an earlier period than 
the elegy. 


"When as tlie wayes of Jesus Christ 

Are couutcil too precise. 
Not onely by some Babes or ffoolcs, 

But also by the wise : 
When men grow weary of the yoke 

Of godly discipline. 
And seek to bur^t those golden barres 

Which doe their lusts confine. 

When some within, and some without. 

Kick down the Churches wall 
Because the do(U'e is found to be 

Too strait to let in all: 
The best can then nought else expect 

But to be turned out. 
Or to l)e trampled under foot 

By the unruly rout. 


When as the fftixcs and wilde Boares 

Come in to dress the Vine, 
The vinyard then is like to yield 

But very little wine. 
When as the Sheep shall with the woolves 

For carnal 1 cuds comply. 
If my Conjecture faile mee not 

They'l slaughter get thereby. 


When Godly men cannot agree 

But ditferiug mindes bewray 
And l)y their fell dissensions 

Shall make themselves a prey. 

Then O, New England is the time 

Of thy sad visitation. 
And that is like to be the yeer 

Of God's fierce indignation. 


When some shall strive to scrue the rest 

To their own apprehensions 
In things where ililferencc might be bom, 

Then look for sad contentions 
For those that conscientiously 

From others doe dissent 
Again>^t their consciences to act, 

Will never be content. 


When of their Shepheards faithfulness 

The sheep suspitious grow 
Or slight & undervalue them 

To who they reverence ow : 
Or when the Shepheards fijrce the sheep 

Where dan^rcr doth appeare. 
Then ])oth to Shepheards and to sheep 

Calamity is neere. 

When Joshua and Zerubbabel 

Are thought for carnall ends 
To favour the Samaritans 

By some of their best ffriends: 
W^hen such imcharitable thoughts 

Make many hearts to swell : 
God grant them grace to act their part, 

Both warily and well. 

1872.] Gov. Barefoote's Will, 13 


In The name of God Amen. I Walter Barefoote of Great Island in 
yc Ppouince of New Hampshire in New England Esqr., being of sound 
perfect & disposing memory, ttio weak in body, Do make & ordain this my 
present Last Will & Testament (reuoking all former Wills) in manner & form 
following, ffirst & principally, I commend my Soul into the hands of 
Almighty God, hoping through the Merits, Death & Passion of my Sauiuor 
Jesus Christ to haue full and free pardon & forgiueness of all my sins, & 
to inherit eternall life. And my Body I commit to the earth, to be decently 
buried at the discretion of my Executor hereafter named, And as to y*-' dis- 
posure of all such Temporall Estate as it hath pleased God to bestow upon 
me, I glue & dispose therof as foUoweth. Ifirst I will that my Debts and 
ffuneral charges shall be paid and discharged. As to the disposing of 
all my Lands Tenements and Hereditaments, I the said Walter Barefoote 
do hereby deuise and bequeath to Thomas Wiggin my Brother in law and 
to my Sister Sarah his AYife, my House and Laud with the appurtenances, 
situate and lying at Strawbery bank in Portsmouth in the said Prouince 
(now in y^ possession of John Pickerin Sen*".) And also my House and Land 
situate & lying at Greenland, containing about two hundred acres : And also 
my Lands lying & being at Merimack River, containing about thirteen 
hundred acres. To haue and to hold all the said Lands and p'misses to 
the said Thomas Wiggin and Sarah his Wife and her heirs for euer, they 
paying and discharging all my just Debts & Legacies by me hereafter giuen 
and becjueathed. 

I deuise and bequeath to Joseph Clark son of John Clarke of Great 
Island aforesaid Mariner ffiue hundred acres of my Land in the Prouince of 
Maine, which I perchased of Cap*"^ Ifrancis Champernoon, adjoining to his 
Island, beginning at y® Stepstones & running to Brarboard harbour. 
To haue and to hold to the said Joseph Clark his heirs & assigns for 
euer, excepting forty acres by me disposed of. And I likewise deuise and 
bequeath to Thomas Wiggin aforesaid and Sarah his Wife ffiue hundred acres 
of my Land in y^ said Prouince of Maine which I perchased of Colonell 
John Archdale, lying on backside of the said ffiue hundred acres, perchased 
of the said ffrancis Champernoon (as aforsaid) To haue and to hold to 
the said Thomas Wiggin and Sarah his Wife their heirs and assigns for euer. 

I deuise and bequeath to my said Beloued Sister Sarah Wife of Thomas 
Wiggin aforesaid, all that my Land with the Sawmills & apurtenances lying 
and being at Lamprill river, formerly in the possession of Robert Wadleigh, 
To haue and to hold to her the said Sarah, During her natural life ; and after 
her decease I deuise & bequeath the same to her Daughters Sarah and 
Susanna, To haue and to hold to them their heirs & assigns for euer, 
equally to be divided. 

I deuise & bequeath to my Cousin Thomas Wiggin Son of the said 
Thomas Wiggin my Brother in law, all that my Land with the apurtenances 
lying & beiijg at Lamprill riuer containing about Three hundred acres, 
which I purchased of William Hilton, Charles Hilton, & Samuel Hilton, 
And one hundred acres of marsh (or there about), the moiety or half part 
wherof I perchased of the^ said William Hilton, Charles Hilton, & Samuel 
Hilton, and the other moiety or half part I purchased of Robert Mason, 

Vol. XXVI. 2 

14 Gov. Barefoote's Will [Janiiaiy 

Eq': as by the Deeds of Sale may more fully appear. To haue and to hole 
to him the said Thomas Wiggin Juif: his heirs and assigns for euer. 

I denise and bequeath tol^^dward Hilton Son of Edward Hilton of Exe 
ter in the said Prouince, the Debt due and owing to me from y« aforesai 
Edward Hilton, his father, being Nine pounds, together with y^ Bill by whicu 

it is due. . , n , t 3 i • 

I deuise and bequeath to John Clark aforesaid, all that my Land lymg 

and being at Saco in y^ Prouince of Maine aforesaid, To haue and to 
hold to him his heirs & assigns for euer. 

I deuise & bequeath to Joseph Clark son of the said John Clark, all that 
my Dwelling house (with the apurtenances) and Land containing half an 
acre, situate°& lying on Great Island aforesaid, near the House of John 
Clark aforesaid. To haue and to hold to him y" sd Joseph Clarke his 
heirs & assigns for euer, but I will that Elizabeth Clarke his INIother shall 
haue the use of the said house and p'mises during her natural life. 

I deuise and bequeath to the other Children of the said John Clarke Viz: 
Love, Isaac, & Jacob, all that my Land containing about seven acres, 
lying & being on Great Island aforesaid : ajid also one acre of Land adjoin- 
ing *to the said Laud, and to John Lewis his House and Land, c<: which I 
formerly perchased of him : To haue and to liold to tliem their heirs & 
assigns for euer, to be equally deuided between them. I deuise and be- 
queath all that my Land at* Spruce Creek in the said Prouince of Maine, 
containing about one thousand acres, which I formerly ])urchased of Doct' 
Henery Greenland, I deuise it to him y*^ said Heuery Greeuland, To haue 
and to hold to him his heirs & assigns for ever. 

I giue and bequeath to John Tufton Esq': ten pounds to be paid him in 
current pay : 

I giue imd bequeath to Richard Chamberlain Es(j': Ten pounds in cur- 
rent pay. 

I giue and bequeath to Robert Tufton & Catherine his Wife one hundred 
pounds in current pay. 

I giue and bequeath to Joseph Kain Ihue pounds in current pay. 

I giue and bequeath to John Lee (my Cousin) llifty pounds in current pay. 

I giue and bequeath to my beloued sister Sarah before named my Great 

I giue and bequeath to Elizabeth Clarke aforesaid my two Chests which 
are at my House aforesaid, together w'^ all that is therein contained except 
the Writings, and so many yards of Dowlas as will make half a dozen Shirts, 
which quantity of Dowlas *I do hereby giue & bequeath to Richard Cham- 
berlain abouesd, and all the Money Goods Chatties & JMoveables which I 
haue at this House of John Clarke, where I am at p'sent, I giue & bequeath 
to her the said Elizabeth Clarke. 

I giue & bequeath to Nathan Bedford Ten pounds to be paid in current 
pay, and also one ffeather bed with the Bolster Rug and Blanket. 

I giue & bequeath to Thomas Swaffer Ten pounds in money. 

I giue & bequeath to Robert Tufton aforesaid my best Beaver hat. 

I giue & bequeath to John Clark aforesaid my Cow to be kild & spent in 
his family. 

I giue & bequeath to the poor of Great Island aforesaid ffiue pounds to 
be paid in Money, Corn or Provision. 

I do hereby constitute & appoint my said Brother in law Thomas Wig- 
gin, Sen*": my full & sole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament, 
and I desire my good frends, s^ Richard Chamberlain & Cap*"^ Samuell 

1872.] Gov. Barefoote's Will 15 

"Wentwortli, to be ouerseers of the same, & do hereby impower them 
to see the same, & every thing therein contained, to be duly performed. 
In testimony that this is my Last Will & Testament I haue hereto set my 
hand & seall the Third day of October in the fFourth year of the Reign of 
Our Soueraia Lord, James the Second, King of England. Annoque Dni. 

Walter Barefoote [l. s.] 

Signed, sealed & his W. B. mark, 

published, (after 
y® erasure of y^ 17^*^ & 
18*^^ lines [of the original],) 
in presence of : 

Shedrack Walton 
William Godsoe 
Henry Trevethan. 

We, John Lee & Thomas SwafFer, heard the herein named Walter Bare- 
foote, Esquire, declare that this writing being his Last Will and Testament 
was read all unto him just as it is herein set down, and did again publish 

the same October 8*^ 1688. 

John Lee, 
Thomas Swaffer. 

[Walter Barefoote came from England, probably between 1650 and 16o5. We know 
tliat he was a resident of Great Island (Newcastle, the seat, for many years, of the pro- 
prietary and provincial government of New-Hampshire), as early as 1660. In 1683, he wrote 
to the " Lords of the Committee, &c." (Chalmers Pol. An.) that he had been a resident 
of the province more than twenty-five years. Of his previous history or condition we 
know nothing, unless we give credit to the ex parte statement of one Wm. Davis {ante, 
vol. V. p. 358), made before Mr. Secretary Rawson in 1676 ; but there are obvious reasons 
for regarding this deposition with suspicion. 

Barefoote has not fared very well at the hands of our historians. He is called a 
''' tool of Cranfield;" a " factious person," &;c. &c. It is true, he was a staunch royalist 
and a friend, if not a member, of the Church of England ; as were a large number, if not 
a majority, of the leading men of the province down to the revolutionary war. But he is 
not the only character who has failed to engage the attention, not to say interest, of our 
historians, old or new. Conspicuous examples of this neglect, or partizanship, may be 
found in the case of Capt. John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges ; characters of vastly 
more importance than Barefoote. Had these and other prominent men, who might be named, 
been of the Puritan party, we might have had from the Mathers, at least, their pedigrees, 
epitaphs, and exploits set forth at length ; and the Hebrew, Greek and Latin tongues would 
have been taxed for apt words of eulogy. 

It is also true, that he was somewhat stern in his official conduct ; but he had to deal 
with many men who were intent upon courses subversive of the rights of the crown, and 
of its loyal subjects. However, after a careful examination of the printed records, we dis- 
cover no evidence of peculiar rigor of manner or of misconduct on his part. He was 
faithful certainly to his oaths, and never played a double part toward the king, or his 
ministers and agents. He was obnoxious undoubtedly to the authorities and leading men 
of the Bay, and to their sympathizers and abettors in New-Hampshire; for he was a 
strenuous opposer of their attempts, finally unsuccessful, to extend the jurisdiction of the 
Colony of the Bay over New-Hampshire. 

Moreover, it should be set down to his credit (and great credit it is), that he never 
persecuted men for their "opinions," either in matters of religion or politics; and he 
was one of the few in office who protected the Quakers from the violence of men, both of 
the laity and clergy, who claimed for themselves rights, and immunities even, which have 
always been tlie peculiar property of " tender consciences : " among which is the right to 
persecute the minority for disobeying the will of the majority ; and immunity from pun- 
ishment for disobedience when in the minority. 

There is evidence that Barefoote was a man of ability, if not of education. He is 
styled "Dr. Barefoote" by Judge Bell {N. H. Hist. Coll. vol. viii. p. 307): otherwise, we 
have seen no reason to suppose that he was trained to any profession. 

He held various important offices. He was deputy-collector of customs during Pres. 
Cutt's term ; he was named counsellor in Gov. Cranfield's commission, and held that office 

16 Hon. Oliver Wolcott, Sen, [January, 

from Oct., 1682, to Jan., 1683; deputy-governor from Jan., 1683, to May, 1686, and a part 
of that time was the acting governor; assistant to Mason in tlie Court of Chancery, for a 
time; justice of the Court of Common Pleas, by virtue of liis office of counsellor; and upon 
the accession of Pres. Dudley was made a justice for New-Hampshire. 

From his letter to the " Lords," above referred to, it appears that he became connected 
by marriage with many of the leading families of the country, but who his wife was or 
whether he had any children, we know not. He makes no mention of either in his Will. 
Savage and Quint state that his sister Sarah was the wife of Thomas^ Wiggin, son of 
Thomas' of Dover, and the language of the Will tends to support that statement. 

Barefoote's Will was proved, in Boston, 21 Feb., 1688-9, and it is probable that he died soon 
after its execution. It is now first printed, and from a copy, loaned to us by Charles Deane, 
LL.D., which was made about the time the original was proved. It bears a memorandum 
referring to another copy in the hands of " Thomas Wigins at Swampscot," among whose 
descendants was, probably, the late Thomas Wiggin, Esq., of Stratham. Our copy has been 
carefully corrected by the original. 

Considerable documentary matter illustrating Barefoote's official proceedings will be found 
in "The Provincial Records of New-Hampshire." — Ed. N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register.'] 

i^>.— •^H!>*- 



The following memoir was obtained for the Register by J. Wingate 
Thornton, Esq., of this city. The original manuscript is now in the posses- 
sion of G. P. Delaplaine, Esq., of Madison, Wis. When Mr. Delaplaine 
sent this copy to Mr. Thornton, he wrote that the document had this 
endorsement upon it in the handwriting of his father: " Orig'l life of 
Governor Wolcott, sent me hy Gov. Oliver Wolcotf, Feb. 7, 1819, Sunday." 
The Gov. Oliver Wolcott who sent the document to Mr. Delaplaine, Senior, 
was the second governor of Connecticut of that name. Pie was a son of 
the person whose memoir is given, and was probably the author of the 
document. A memoir and portrait of him will be found in the Register, 
vol. iv. pp. 9-10. A genealogy of the Wolcott Family, descendants of 
Henry Wolcott, the emigrant ancestor, is printed in vol. i. pp. 351-5. 

Henry Wolcott, the ancestor of the family of that name in Connecticut, 
was an English gentleman of Tolland in Somersetshire, who was born in 
the year 1578. He was the owner of an estate worth five hundred pounds 
sterling per annum, which, considering the value of money at that period, 
was a considerable property. His wife was Elizabeth Saunders, to whom 
he was married about the year 1606. He is represented to have been a 
man of talents and energy, and, in early life, much addicted to the habits and 
amusements of a country gentleman. Having adopted the principles of the 
sect of Independents, he became obnoxious to the government, and was 
thereby determined to remove to America. He first visited New-England 
in 1628, but returned again to England, and brought over his family in the 
year 1630, and settled at Dorchester in Massachusetts. Having sold the 
principal part of his estate in England, he undertook, in the year 1636, the 
settlement of Windsor in Connecticut. His principal associates were John 
Mason, a distinguished captain and warrior ; Roger Ludlow, a well educated 
and correct lawyer ; Mr. Stoughton, and Mr. Newberry, gentlemen of good 
estates. These were the chief founders of Windsor, and they defrayed 
most of the expenses of the settlement. The religious pastor elected by 
them, was the Rev. Mr. Warham, a man distinguished, at that period, for 
learning and piety. 

1872.] Hon. Oliver Wolcott, Sen, 17 

In the year 1G39, the towns of Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield 
associated as a commonwealth, and formed a constitution of civil government. 

This instrument is understood to have been drawn up by Roger Ludlow, 
and was approved by the free planters of the settlement. Considered with 
reference to the period when it was formed, this constitution may be pro- 
nounced to be the best system of democratical government which had then 
been devised. Experience has demonstrated that it was well calculated to 
promote and perpetuate the views of its founders. The charter granted by 
Charles II., in 1()G2, was prepared in Connecticut, and it embraced the 
principles of this original compact ; and they have been recently re-estab- 
lished in the new constitution adopted by the people. It may, therefore, be 
truly asserted, that the government of Connecticut, since 1639, has been 
conducted by the free representatives of the people ; that its municipal 
regulations have secured a high degree of happiness and tranquillity, and 
have hitherto been less variable than those of any other government. 

Henry Wolcott was annually elected a member of the assembly, or one 
of the magistracy, till his death in 1G55, in the 78th year of his age. 

His eldest son, Henry, succeeded to the principal part of his estate and 
was annually chosen a magistrate. He was named as one of the patentees, 
in the charter granted to Connecticut by Charles II. He died in 1680. 

Simon Wolcott was the youngest son of the first Henry Wolcott. He 
was a farmer in Windsor, was born in England in 1625, immigrated to 
this country with his father's family, married Martha Pitkin in 1661, and 
died at Windsor in 1 687, leaving a numerous issue. 

The youngest son of Simon, was Iloger Wolcott, who is distinguished in 
the annals of Connecticut. He was born at Windsor, January 4, 1679. 

The impoverished state of the country, occasioned by Indian wars, and 
the labors and expenses incident to new settlements, deprived him of the 
advantages of an early education. He was bound as an apprentice to a 
mechanic, at the age of twelve years. At twenty-one, he established himself 
at East Windsor, wliere by industry and frugality, he acquired a plentiful 
estate. By regular degrees, he rose to the highest military and civil honors. 
He was commissary of the •Connecticut forces, in the expedition against 
Canada, in 1711, and was second in command, with the rank of major- 
general, at the capture of Louisburgh, in 1745. He was successively a 
member of the assembly, and of the council ; a judge of the county court, 
deputy governor, chief judge of the superior court, and from 1751 to 1754, 
governor. He died May 17, 1767, in the 89th year of his age. 

He was free and affable, easy of access, of ready wit and great humor, a 
sincere Christian, and a zealous advocate for the civil and religious privileges 
of his country, which he defended with a firm spirit. Tliough uneducated 
in early life, his literary attainments were res[)ectable. He })ublislied several 
tracts and a long poem, containing an account of the agency of John Win- 
throp in procuring from Charles II. the charter of Connecticut, and 
descriljing. in the quaint language of that day, the principal events of the 
Pequot War, as con(hicted l)y Joim INIason. 

Oliver Wolcott, the events of whose life are more particularly the subject 
of this memoir, was the youngest son of Roger Wolcott, and was l)orn the 
26th of November, 1726. lie was gi-aduatcd at Yale College in 1747. In 
the same year he received a commission as cai)tain in the army, from Gov. 
Clinton, of New York, and immediately raised a company, at the head of 
which he marched, to the defence of tin; northern frontiers, where he served 
for about a year; but the regiment to which he was attached, being disbandec' 

Vol. XXVI. 2* 

18 Hon, Oliver Wolcoit, Sen, [January^ 

in consequence of the peace at Aix La Chapelle, he returned to Connecticut, 
and studied medicine, under the direction of his brother, Dr. Alexander 
Wolcott, then a distinguished practitioner. Before he was established in 
practice, the county of Litchfield was organized, and he was appointed the 
first sheriff of the county in 1751. In the year 1774, he was advanced to 
be an assistant or councillor ; to which station he was annually elected till 
the year 1786. While a member of the council, he was also chief judge of 
the court of common pleas for the county, and for many years judge of the 
court of probate for the district of Litchfield. He served in the militia, in 
every grade of ofiice, from that of captain to that of major-general. On 
all the questions preliminary to the revolutionary war, he was a firm advocate 
of the American cause. In July, 1775, he was appointed, by congress, one 
of the commissioners of Indian affiiirs for the northern department. This 
was a trust of great importance. Its object was to induce the Indian nations 
to remain neutral during the war. While he was engaged in this business, 
the controversies respecting boundaries between Connecticut and Pennsyl- 
vania, and between Vermont and New- York, menaced the tranquillity of the 
colonies, and exposed them to the seductions of British partisans. Mr. 
Wolcott's influence was exerted, with great eflfect, to compromise these 
disputes, and to unite the New-England settlers in support of the An\erican 
cause. In January, 1776, he attended congress at Philadelphia, and remained 
with that body till the declaration of independence was adopted and signed. 
He then returned to Connecticut, and on the 15th of August was appointed 
by Gov. Trumbull, and the Council of Safety, to command fourteen regi- 
ments of the Connecticut militia, which were ordered for the defence of 
New- York. This duty he performed, till the force, amounting to more than 
five thousand men, was subdivided into four brigades. He then returned 
home for a few weeks. In November, 1776, he resumed his seat in congress, 
and accompanied that body to Baltimore during the eventful winter of 1777. 
The ensuing summer, he was constantly employed in superintending detach- 
ments of militia, and corresponding on military subjects. After detaching 
several thousand men to the assistance of Gen. Putnam, on the North River, 
he headed a corps of between three and four hundred volunteers, who joined 
the northern army, under Gen. Gates, and aided in reducing the British 
Army, under Gen. Burgoyne. In February, 1778, he attended congress at 
York-Town, and continued with that body till July. In the summer of 

1779, after the invasion of Connecticut by the British, he was in the field, 
at the head of a division of the militia, for the defence of the sea coast. In 

1780, he remained in Connecticut. From 1781 to 1783, he occasionally 
attended congress. In 1781 and 1785 he was one of the commissioners of 
Indian affairs for the northern department, and, in concert with Richard 
Butler ^ and Arthur Lee, prescribed the terms of peace to the Six Nations 
of Indians. From 1786, he was annually elected lieutenant-governor, till 
1796, when he was chosen governor, which ofllice he held till his death on 
the first of December, 1797, in the 72d year of his age. 

This brief recital of the services of Oliver Wolcott proves, that during an 
active and laborious life devoted to the public service, he constantly enjoyed 
the confidence of his fellow citizens ; a confidence alike honorable to him, * 
and to the people of the State. He married Laura Collins, of Guildford, 
in the year 1765, with whom he lived till her death in 1795. In the arduous 
duties in which he was engaged during the revolutionary war, he was well 
supported by his wife, who, during his almost constant absence from home, 
educated their children, and conducted the domestic concerns of the family, 

1872.] Hon. Oliver Wolcott, Sen. 19 

including the management of a small farm, with, a degree of fortitude, 
perseverance, frugality and intelligence, equal to that which in the best days 
of ancient Rome, distinguished their most illustrious matrons. Without her 
aid, his public services could not have been rendered, without involving a 
total sacrifice of the interests of his family : with her aid, his house was a 
seat of comfort and hospitality, and by means of her assistance, he retained 
during life a small estate, a part of which was a patrimonial inheritance. 

The person of Gov. Wolcott was tall and erect, indicating great personal 
strength and dignity. His countenance manifested a sedate and resolute 
mind. His manners were urbane, and through life he was distinguished for 
modesty. Though firm and tenacious of his own opinions, which he dis- 
tinctly expressed on all suitable occasions, he ever manifested great deference 
for the opinions of others. The State of Connecticut was, upon principle, 
well united in support of the revolution, and during the war was second 
only to Massachusetts, in the effective force furnished for its defence. There 
were here no British governors, ofiicers, judges or agents. Though a few 
respectable men were of opinion that the war was premature and indiscreet, 
yet as their opinions proceeded from their peculiar views of the public 
interests and poHcy, their opposition was, in general, limited by moderation. 
The consequence was that the war of the revolution produced, in this State, 
few or none of those distressing consequences which usually attend civil 
conflicts. The subject of these remarks was therefore able to maintain with 
his political opponents, and to extort from the enemy, the character of an 
inflexible republican, with the precious commendation of being just and 
humane in all his conduct. He was indeed a republican of the old school, 
and his ideas of government and social liberty were derived from the purest 
sources. He was never idle ; dissipation had no charms for him. Though 
not a learned man by profession, the writings of the most celebrated histori- 
ans, biographers, poets and orators, both ancient and modern, were familiar 
to his mind and afforded him the only relaxation in which he indulged from 
active exertions. He was intimately acquainted with public law, and with 
the works of the great luminaries of science, who flourished in Europe, 
subsequent to the reformation. His integrity was inflexible, and never even 
suspected, his morals were strictly pure, and his faith that of a humble 
Christian, untainted by bigotry or intolerance. 

Gov. "Wolcott was personally acquainted with and esteemed by most of 
the great actors of the American revolution, and his name is recorded in 
connection with many of its most important events. It is the glory of our 
country, that the fabric of American greatness was reared by the united 
toils and exertions of patriots in every State, supported by a virtuous and 
intelligent people. It is peculiar to our revolution, and distinguishes it from 
evjery other, that it was recommended, commenced, conducted and terminated, 
under the auspices of men who, with few exceptions, enjoyed the public 
confidence during every vicissitude of fortune. It is therefore sufficient for 
any individual to say of him, that he was distinguished for his virtues, his 
talents and his services, during the Age of Men — 

*' Of Men on whom late time a kindling eye 
Shall turn, and tyrants tremble while they read." 

That Gov. Wolcott was justly entitled to this distinction, was never 
disputed by his contemporaries. 

20 Eliofs Biographical Dictionary, [January, 


Letter of Rev. Johx Eliot to Rev. Dr. W31. Bentley. 

[This letter shows some of the difficulties under which Eliot's Dictionary was 
composed and carried through the press. The first edition of Allen's Biographical 
Dictionary was published in 1809, the same year as Eliot's. We are indebted to Miss 
Mary R. Crowninshield for the original letter.— Ed. N. E. H. djr G. Register.] 

Boston, Jan. 11, 1810. 

Dear Sir, Last evening I received your letter & packages, had no op- 
portunity to pay for the conveyance which I wislied to do, and make the 
charge either to Dr. Morse or the Historical Society. — For nothing in it 
was for myself, either letter or scrap of paper. 

I thank you for perusing my book — tliough I tliink neither your compli- 
ments nor your exceptions {as the case of some individuals) have much just- 
ness in them. I am very sorry I ever published it. My design was to be 
preparing it three or 4 years, & then make a job for my son. When Allen 
published his proposals, I was pressed into a thing I knew to be precipitate 
& wrong. I was urged by friends who felt or feigned friendship and expressed 
a higher opinion of my abilities than 1 knew they had. I was sick, hurried, 
plagued with other affairs. The Gentlemen wlio undertook to serve, heaped 
cares without putting a finger to lighten the burden. They engaged block- 
heads for printers, one of whom left it, to print the Patriot, and the otlier was 
always sure of making mistakes, more so after a proof was corrected, if a 
figure could be turned upside down. 

It will never see another edition in my day. The characters I think best 
drawn, meaning with truth, candour and impartiality, are S. Adams, J. 
Hancock, Hutchinson, Chauncy, Ifuhhard & Williams. A Gentleman from 
New York says I have 7wt done justice to Adams, <k that the book is hor- 
ribly deficient, in not having James Sul/iran, the glory of our times. — Sev- 
eral Gentlemen in Boston, estimable for Talents & worth, tho' federalists 
(which may lower them with you), say they would have not subscribed for 
the book had they seen what I have said of* S. A. & Jolm Hancock. 

You say that I have not done justice to two men, who certainly are great 
favourites with me. I have declared R. W. with " all his excentricities," one 
of the greatest and best men of the Planters. I have plucked a feather from 
the cap of Fenn, by declaring that the first writer upon toleration, the 
first promoter of it in any government was this great man. I took my 
authorities, not from Mather or JNIorton, or Hutchinson, but from Wiuthrop, 
Callender, Backus, Bentley & his own writings. 

As to Hubbard, I believe what Mr. Frisbee said was correct & very 
consistent with what you relate. I believe that the Clergy of the neigh- 
bourhood, & all the wise men of the Province did think and speak highlg 
of him. But a generation in the town of Ipswich rose up, who only were 
witness of his infirmities. I believe in every instance when a minister 
grows old, and people are put to expense to maintain him, they will treat him 
with neglect. I fully believe you & I, worthy, learned & respectable as we 
are, will experience it, if we outlive the days of our vigour, & loiter here 
after our companions have gone to their long home. 

After saying this, I thank you for your hints, and will endeavour to make 
use of them. I should certainly have quoted the passages which you have 

1872.] Early Ship-huilding in Massachusetts, 21 

done if I had seen them, & will certainly do it if I ever reprint, which I 
never expect to do. 

For the many, very many real expressions & tokens of your respect & 
affection, I again heartily thank you. I believe no man's friendship to- 
wards myself is more sincere (at times I have thought it extravagant), but 
all compliments upon my Dictionary I can away with. 

And am with high sentiments of esteem & regard 

your friend & brother, John Eliot. 

[Addressed to] 

Rev. William Bentley, Salem. 


[Communicated by Capt. Geo. Heney Feeble, U. S. N.] 

A complete List of the Public and Private Armed Vessels belonging to Massa- 
chusetts, prior to the Revolution, from 1636 ^o 1776, and of Armed Vessels 
built or fitted out in Massachusetts from 1776 to 1783, inclusive. 

Continued from vol. xxv. page 369. 






Commanded by 






T. Dinsmore 






C. Hamilton 






H. Higenson 






P. Wells 






C. Babbidge 


Also Capts. Field and West. 

In September, 1776, captured a s 


in ballast; and in November, 

captured a 


with a valuable cargo. 

Recaptured three times. 





S. Smith 


Julius Caesar 




J. Harrendon 






N. West 


Junius Brutus 




J. Brooks, &c. 


Junius Brutus 




N. Broadhouse 


March, 1782, in company with the Holker and two other privateers, 
sailed on an expedition against Tortola, W. L, where they engaged several 
armed British vessels, and made two captures. 

Juno Ship 12 25 W. Hayden 1780 

Juno Brig 12 16 J. Felt 1782 

Jupiter Ship 14 40 W. Orm 1782 

An American brig of this name, Capt. Watson, captured an Algerine 
galley of 12 guns, in 1786, and carried her into Malaga. 

Lady Washington Sloop 7 Cunningham, &c. 

June, off Boston, beat off 4 armed barges, killing several of the enemy. 
October, off Boston, captured a ship, with a cargo of rum, sugar and cotton. 

Lady Washington Brig 6 15 W. White 1782 

Landdon Sch'r 6 10 50 J. Codman, &c. 1776 

Languedoc Sch'r 8 25 R. Yearmans 1781 

Languedoc Sch'r 4 25 Dunn & Hegarty 1781 


Early SMp-huilding in Massachusetts, [January, 




Swivels. Men. 

Commanded by 






R. Stonehouse 






J. Tilden, &c. 






D. Walters, &c. 


Captured 3 British transports, and assisted in taking a fourth, with Col. 
Campbell and part of the 71st Regiment on board. 

Lee Sloop — Burke 1776 

Had an action with a ship and schooner. Finding it rather warm, hauled 

Lee Ship 6 

Lee . Sch'r 6 

See also previous to 1776. 

Lexington Brig 14 

Lexington Brig 10 

Liberty Sch'r 6 

25 J. Conway 

30 W. James 

50 B. Crowninshield 

20 D. Smith 

25 — Pierce 

October, captured a ship or brig, with a cargo of fish and lumber. 

Lion Brio^ 10 

Little Bachelor Sloop 4 

Little Dan Sch'r 4 

Little Porgia Brig 10 

Little Vincent Brig 10 

Little Vincent Brig 8 

Little Vincent Sloop 4 

Lively Sloop 6 

Lively Sch'r 8 

Lively • Sloop 6 

Lively Ship 14 

Lively Sloop 10 

45 J. Mason 

20 M. Johnson 

25 D. Young 

60 W. Armstrong 

16 J. O'Brien 

25 N. Poor 

6 R. Chaloche 

30 A. Dunn 

35 G. Ashby 

25 M. Duprey 

30 N. Goodwin 

35 D. Adams 


''Blonde," wrecked 


Rescued the officers and crew of the British 
near a barren and desolate island. 
Live Oak Ship 6 20 

Lucy Brig 12 25 

Lynch Sch'r 

Evidently the same vessel recorded in 1775. 

Manete Sch'r 6 16 

Marlborough Ship 

Reported to have captured 28 prizes, one a slaver with 300 slaves. 

"Penn. Packet" for July 14th. 




S. Tucker 
S. Clay 

— Ayers 

J. Ducarte 

— Babcock 





M. DeLafayette 







10 20 N. West 1780 

16 80 R. Cowell 1781 

16 100 Buffington, Reed 1781-2 

12 35 S. Hill 1781 

14 45 J. Webber 1781 

6 20 S. Da^get 1781 

7 20 P. Maxfield 1781 
16 D. Souther 1776 

September, captured a brig of 6 guns and 28 men, with a company of 

dragoons on board. 

Massachusetts Brig 1 6 

In 1779, captured a ship with a cargo 
Massachusetts Brig 16 

30 J. Calef 
valued at $100,000. 

30 — Fiske 




Earhj SInjj-huihUng in Massachusetts. 


In company with the privateer "Tyrannicide," captured the barque 
" Lawnsdale," after resisting o hours, and losing o killed ; also a ship and G 
other vessels, in one of which were G3 Hessian Chasseurs. 

Vessels. Class. Guns. Swivels. 

Monmouth ^ ^ 

In 1778, captured a vessel that was afterwards lost near Portsmouth, with 
her crew of 11 men. In 1779, captured 2 brigs, 1 schooner and 1 sloop, 
the latter in charge of a midshij^mau and 4 men. 

Monmouth Brig 20 IGO — Ross 1779 

One of the cruisers destroyed in the Penobscot, to prevent falling into 
the possession of the British Squadron. 

Moore Brig 14 40 E. Burroughs 1782 

12 F. Roch 1780 



















Commanded by 



B. Withern 



W. Ferris 



J. Adams 



A. Hallet 



N. Bulhngton 



E. Smith 



J. Carnes 



B. Ashton 



J. Carnes 



D. Inijersoll 


^lornmij Star 








New Adventure 






New Adventure 



Nimble Shilling 



Nimble Shilling 



Norwich "Witch 




T. Parker 



W. Friend 



W. AV^oodbury 



II. Smith 



S. Smith 



R. Cushing 



J. Neal 



J. Clover 



S. Hill 



A. Minor 


Oliver Cromwell Ship 10 10 CO W.Coit& J.Tilley 1776 

Captured by the British sloop-of-war "Beaver," May 11, 1777. 

Oliver Cromwell Ship — Parker 1779 

Captured the tender " St. George," of 10 guns ; also a ship and schooner, 
in all G() prisoners. 

Oliver Cromwell Ship IG 85 J. Bray 1781 

Reported to have been captured by the " Galatea " frigate. 
Pallas Ship 10 20 G. Hodges 1780 

Pallas 14 80 —Johnson 1779 

Captured a ship, loaded with provisions ; was one of the vessels of the 
Saltonstall Expedition. 























S. Massury 



G. Lane 



Derby & Smith 



N. Nichols 



J. Oakes 



J. Bishop 



"\y. Hay den 



Early SMp-huilding in MassacJmsetts. [January, 






















Commanded by 



P. Wells 



S. Smith 



E. Davis 



A. Mackay 



S. Foster 



S. Crowell 



J. Richard 



— Ciinningham 



J. Harraden 



Vessels. Class. Guns. Swivels. 


Phenix SlooD 10 8 


3Iay, had an engagement of 1 hour and 25 minutes with a cutter of 20 
guns. June, captured the schooner " Golden Eagle," 22 guns and swivels, 
and 57 men, which was soon after recaptured by the "Achilles," which the 
" P." afterwards engaged for several hours, beat her off, and then retook her 
prize, on board of which she found the 2nd Lt. of the " Achilles." 

Pa. Gazette, No. 2619. 

October, off Sandy Hook, engaged at the same time, and captured after 
1 hour and 30 minutes, ship " Hope," reported to have been armed with 14 
guns ; brig " Pomone," reported to have been armed with 1 2 guns ; cutter 
"Royal George," reported to have been armed with 14 guns; and during 
the same year three other armed vessels. 

Ship 18 150 J. Robinson 1779 

Captured 3 prizes, one with men, and 2 with cargoes of salt. 

Pilgrim Ship 18 150 J. Robinson 1781 

January 5th, captured, after an action of several hours, the "Mary," of 

22 guns and 83 men; her Captain among the killed; both vessels very much 


Pink Sch'r 4 

Polly Sloop 12 8 

August, 1779, captured a brig, with a cargo of tobacco. 

Port Pacquet 

January 9th, at sea, engaged the British ship " Admiral Duff," Capt. R. 
Strange, of 30 guns, for 1| hours, when the latter blew up, and 55 only of 
her crew were saved from the wreck. The " P." subsequently had a running 
fight for several hours with the ".Thames" frigate, and escaped. Midshipman 
(subsequently Commo.) Preble was attached to the " P." at this time. For 
an account of this fight, see Vol. II. of N. E. Historical and Genealogical 
Register. The "Protector" was finally captured by the "Roebuck," a 40 
gun ship, and the " May Day," of 28 guns. Her log-book is now in the 
possession of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 
Providence Sloop 8 15 J. Simmonds 1780 

Putnam 2 16 45 — Bayley 1776 






















M. Harvey 
— Leech 


3 of tobacco. 





G. Leacy 
W. Coas 



J. Foster 



W. Thomas 



T. Barnard 



J. Carne 



VV. Armstrong 



S. Forrester 



J. Atkins 



J. F. Williams 



Early SJdjj-huilding in Massachusetts. 


Captured a privateer, of 8 guns and 20 men. 

Vessels. Class. Guns. Swivels. Men. Commanded by 

Putnam 20 170 Waters 

Was one of the Saltonstall Ex2:)edition. 

Queen of Spain Ship G 15 T. Barnard 

Race Horse 

Race Horse 

Race Horse 





































15 N. 

25 A. 

15 T. 

25 O. 

40 W 

40 B. 

40 — 

20 S. 

15 T. 

20 J. 

20 J. 

20 J. 

85 M. 

. Webb 

The British claim to have captured a cruiser of this name. 


































40 J. 

40 G. 

40 G. 

45 S. 

15 S. 

16 W 
70 — 
55 P. 
25 B. 



. Dennis 



. Jacobs 
F. Williams 
valuable cargo 







Sch'r 4 30 J. 

Sch'r 6 12 W 

Sloop 12 J. 

Captured shij) " Julius Caisar," armed ship, with a 
to Boston. 

Resolution 6 25 A. Potter, &c. 1781 

Resolution Ship 20 130 S. West 1782 

Resolution ^^^^ 6 18 L. Scare 1780 

One of these captured 5 vessels in 1779 ; cargoes of coal, &c. 

Resource Ship 10 24 R. Ober 1780 

Retaliation Brig 10 9 70 — Giles 1776 

Captured a ship armed wdth 6 guns, after a resistance of two hours. May 
14, 1779, was attacked by an English cutter of 16 guns and a brig of 14, 
and beat them off. 





J. Goodhue 1780 





S. Sewell 1781 






-- Stone 1776 





J. AVhite, &c. 1776 

August, < 

captured ships " 




of rum and sugar, and 

"Polly," cargo 


wine, t^c. 


" Harlequin " 

and " Fanny," cargoes of 

rum and sugar. Sloop " Betsey," and one other released w^ith prisoners. A 
ship of this name, 18 guns and 150 men, was in the Saltonstall Expedition, 
Vol. XXVI. 3 


Early Shi])-huildmg in Massachusetts, [January; 






Commanded by 

Date. \ 





A. Rainey, &c. 

1780 J 





E. Burrows, &c. 

1781 ^ 





B. Knight, &c. 

1781 ^ 





S. Foster 

1781 ^ 





L. Coat 

1781 , 





H. Phelps 

1781 t 

Rising States 





J. Thompson 


Also armed with 7 cohorns 



Robin Hood 




S. Smith 

1781 \ 





S. Morton 






M. Melally 






Hemfield, Gray 1' 


April, off Salem, 


the privateer sloop 

" Castor," of 8 guns and 

60 men. 





J. Grimes 






J. Grafton, &c 






E. Ayre 






D. Niedham 







— Forrester 


Engaged the ship " Africa," wliich soon after blew up, and only 3 lives 
out of a crew of 26 were saved; captured the snow ''Lively," and the brigs 
" Mary and James," " Sarah Ann " and the " Good Intent." 

Rover Ship 24 " 100 J. Barre 1781 

A packet of this name, carrying 6 guns, was caj^tured by an American 
privateer, Capt Sweet, in 1779. 



30 Z. Younir 


The enemy claim to have cajitured a cruiser of this name, carrying 14 


Rover Galley 


Salem Packet 
Salem Packet 












L. Carver 
S. Babson 

H. Williams 
E. Stanley 
J. Cook 
J. Brewer 

— Holmes 




E. Crocker 
M. Smelthurst 
— Wheelwright 
N. Stoddard 




Destroyed in the Penobscot, to prevent capture. 

Sally Sloop 2 16 

Satisfaction Sch'r 10 20 

Satisfaction Sloop 14 12 100 

Scammel Sch'r 16 40 

October, was chased on the Jersey shore by two British men-of-war, 
whose boats were beaten off, and the privateer got off without having sus- 
tained material injury. 

2 12 

20 120 

6 15 

4 30 

Scotch Irish 
Sea Flower 
Sea Flower 


J. Wing 
J. Parker 
W. Whitcomb 
R. Jones, &c. 



Early Shiji-huilding in Massachusetts, 







Commanded by 


Sea Flower 




D. Nye 






J. Grooves 






N. Bentley 






S. Stacey 






r>. Allen 


Shaving Mill 


D. Loring 






^ J. Tucker 






D. Stevenson 


Sky Rocket 




— Burke 


Probably overrated in guns 

and men ; one 

of the Saltonstall Expedition. 

Spanish Fame 




J. Robb, &c. 


Spanish Packet 




T. Bailing 







— Greeley 


October, captured 

a snow, and sent her to Boston. 





J. Murphy 






L. Barbor, &c. 







VV. Perkins 


• St. Mary's 




J. Leach 






S. Podgers 






W. White 






J. Brown 






S. Stanwood 


' Success 





S. Freeman, &c. 


' Surprise 




B. Cole 


■ Surprise 




N. Perkins 


■ Surprise 




J. Lengoore 






H. Higgenson* 


■ Swift 




J. Little 


• Swift 




J. Johnson 






A. Woodbury 







T. Saunders 


Tartar Sch'r 2 8 18 T. Dexter 1782 

Tartar Ship 24 200 — Grimes 1776 

Mentioned in Clark's Naval History, p. 50 ; probably overrated in guns 
and men. 




40 J. Souns 1781 

20 F. Boardman 1781 

35 J. Smith 1780 

100 Daniel Waters 1778 

60 Daniel Waters 1778 

Engaged the brig " Gov. Tyron," Capt. Stebbins, of 1 6 guns, and at the 
same time the brig "Sir William Erskine," Capt. Hamilton, of 18 guns, 
each having a greater number of men than the " Thorn." After an action of 
2 hours the " Tyron " struck, and the " Erskine " made sail to escape, but was 
pursued and captured. Also same year, captured the ship " Sparlin," of 18 
guns and 97 men, after an action of 50 minutes ; carried the two last prizes 
into Boston ; the first separated in the night and escaped. Capt. Walters 
was appointed a captain in the U. S. Navy, upon the recommendation of 
Gen. Washington, March 15, 1777. 



Three Friends 
True American 

Early Sliqhhuilding in Massachusetts. [January, 













Swivels. Men. 


Commanded by 

S. Tucker 
W. Young 
B. Cole 
S. Crowel 
J. Tucker 
S. Dunn 
— BuIUni]:ton 

Had a severe engagement with a 'W. I. privateer. 
True Bkie Sloop G 8 40 O. Allen 

Tryall Sch'r 6 20 S. Rodgers, &c. 

Two Brothers Ship 8 GO T. Chester, &c. 

Two Brothers Sch'r 1 25 W. Gray 




Re-enforced by volunteers in April, 1770 ; captured off Salem, a privateer | 

of 8 ffuns and GO men. 

Twin Sisters Brig IG 25 S.Avery 1781 

Tybalt Brig 8 20 P. Ilowland 1782 

Tyrannicide BriS 14 100 J. Fisk 177G 

June 13th, at sea, captured, after a resistance of one hour, the British 
packet schooner "Despatch," of 8 guns, 12 swivels and 31 men, loss of her 
Captain (Gutteridge), and 1 man killcMl and 7 wounded. In July, at sea, 
captured the armed ship '' Glasgow," with 30 prisoners. In August, at sea, 
captured the brig " St. John " and schooner *' Three Brothers." 

Tyrannicide Brig 14 90 A. Ilallet 1770 

March 20th, off Bermuda, carried by boarding, after an obstinate resistance 
of more than one hour, the British brig " Revenge," of 14 guns and .S5 men, 
Capt. Keifdall ; the latter had two of her guns dismounted, and many of her 
crew killed and wounded. The " T." had 8 wounded. 

Tyrannicide Brig 14 90 

Tyrannicide Brig 14 90 

August 14th, destroyed in the Penobscot to prevent capture. 

S. Harding 
— Cathcart 























I). IMcNiel 
J. Blackley 
D. Parsons 
T. Powers 
p]. Sell in 
J. Gardner 
— Semes 

100 — Newman 



September 17th, captured the packet ship " Harriet," of IG guns and 45 
men, after an action of 15 minutes; had one man killed. September 21st, 
captured the packet ship "Eagle," of 14 guns and GO men ; resisted 20 
minutes and lost several killed and wounded, among the former a colonel ; 
bad on board 4 lieutenant-colonels and 3 majors. 

Venijeance Brisj 18 100 — Thomas 

August 14th, one of the fleet destroyed in the Penobscot. 

Venus Ship 10 80 G. Babcock 

Venus Ship 10 20 T. Nicholson 




Early Shiii-building in Massachusetts, 




Guns. Swivels. Men. 

Commanded by 






M. Leslie, &c. 






W. Claghorn 






T. Coburn 






B. Hilton 






J. Niel 






L. Luce 






W. Hart 






W. Shaloner 


VV ashington 




E. Lewis 





— Harthorne 


Wasp Boat 19 S. Thompson 1782 

October, lost 3 killed and 10 wounded in an action of 2 hours with an 
armed British packet ; captured a snow with a cargo of oats. November, 
captured a ship with a cargo of lish, &c. 





E. Pike 






D. NcNiel 






J. Rathburn 






J. Power 


Willing Maid 



• 25 

J. Savage 






Geo. Little 


Ed. Preble, afterward commodore in the navy, was her 1st lieut. 
Captured 2 -letters-of-marque on her first cruise, afterwards cut out the 
British armed brig " Merriam " lying in the Penobscot with a prize sloop, 
and made numerous other captures, among which was a schooner of 8 guns, 
that was first chased on shore. 





90 — Freeman 


Yankee Sloop 9 16 43 —Johnson 1776 

July, captured ships "Creighton" and "Zachara," cargoes rum and sugar. 
The prisoners in these prizes afterwards rose and took "Yankee," and 
carried her to Dover, where the captain was imprisoned and treated with 
great cruelty. 

Yankee Hero Brig 14 40 J. Tracy 1776 

June, was captured by the English frigate " Lively," after a sharp 
resistance and the loss of 4 killed and 13 wounded. 



15 G. Lane 


Note. — The classification, &c. of vessels contained in these tables are 
compiled chiefly from Emmons's Statistical History of the U. S. Navy, or 
have been copied from official documents ; nevertheless, a sloop may have 
been called a ship, or a brig sometimes a schooner, and perhaps the swivels 
have sometimes been included in the number of guns given, but in the 
absence of positive proof, I have confined myself to the record. 

The guns on board the privateers fitted out in Massachusetts, during the 
year 1781, amoun»ted to 500, and the men to upwards of 2300. — (Penn. 
Packet, July 26.) 

Vol. XXVL 

(To be continued.) 


30 Early Printing in Virginia. [January; 


[The following correspondence, printed from the originals in the possession of 
Miss Mary R. Cro^Yninshield, seems to have been begun at the desire of Isaiah 
Thomas, Esq., who was then engaged upon his History of Printing in America^ 
which was published the next year. In that work, vol. ii., pages 41-2, he makes 
these statements : — 

" Lord Effingham, who w^as appointed governor in 1G83, was ordered expressly, 
* to allow no person to use a printing press on any occasion whatsoever,' Although 
these instructions were given to lord Effingham, yet no act of the colonial govern- 
ment of Virginia can be found, after the strictest search by the greatest law charac- 
ters in the state, which prohibits the use of the press. The influence of the governors 
was, undoubtedly, sufficient for the purpose Avithout any legislative act." 

The expression, " the strictest search by the greatest law characters in the state," 
in this extract, no doubt refers to that detailed in this correspondence. We are in- 
debted to Col. Thomas H. Ellis, formerly of Richmond, Va., now of Chicago, 111., 
for the greater part of the material from which we have compiled the subjoined 
notes; also, to Thomas H, WA-nne, Esq., and Alex. Q. Ilolladay, Esq., of Rich- 
mond, and Conway Robinson, Esq., of Washington, D. C, for assistance. — [Ed. of 
N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register.] 

William W. Hexing, Esq. to Hon. St. George Tucker. 

Dear Sir, Richmond, 4th Julg, 1809. 

Your favour of the 28''^ ulf^. w^ as put into my hands this morning. 
— I will with pleasure, make the examination requested, and inform you of 
the result. — If a law ever did exist, in Virginia, prohibiting the printing of 
News Papers, it must have been, I presume, posterior to Purvis's collection 
of the laws : for at the period of the publication of that book, and for many 
years afterwards, no such thing as printing of any kind seems to have been 
contemplated in Virginia. 

It is well known that Purvis was printed in London (supposed about the 
year 1682). — I have an abridgement of tlie Laws of Virginia printed in Lon- 
don also, in the yeav 1722 ; and another, purporting to be a second edition, 
printed in 1728 ; but, in truth, it is the same book, with only a new title 
page ; — a species of typographical artilice, very common at that period, espe- 
cially as it related to law-books of every kind. 

My Statutes at Large have progressed, in the printing, as far as the 
March session 1657-8 and from the earliest period of our legislation to 
that date, I have discovered no law^ of the kind alluded to .in the extract 
inserted in your letter. — I will immediately examine the intervening period 

^ "William Waller Hemxg is more gcnorally known for his connection with the 
"Statutes at Large" of Virginia, a series of 13 volumes compiled and edited by liim with 
great learning and ability. In its historical features, also, this exhaustive work is entitled 
to the higlicst credit. Mr. Hcning also i)ublished several law manuals, and, jointly 
with Mr. William Mumford (a translator of Homer), reported and published several volumes 
of law-reports. 

We have not been able to ascertain auA-tliing definite in regard to his ancestors, or early 
history, and it would seem that his great services to his native State have not secured for 
his memory the notice he deserved. '^ He died 31 March, 1828, and prol)ably in llichmond. 
A son, the Rev. Edmund Waller Hcning of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was for some 
years a missionary in Africa. 

The name Waller was probal)])^ the name of his mother. If so, he was perhaps descended 
from John Waller, one of the first planters at Jamestown in 1G07, or from Edmund Waller 
who is said to have come over earlv in the 18th century. Mr. II. B. Griirsbv, in his '* Dis- 
course on the Life and Character of the Hon. Littleton Waller Tazewell'" (1860), su]iposes 
that this Edmund was a grandson of Edmund the poet. He is in error, however, in stating 
that this Edmund of Yu'ginia was the first of the name in the colony. 

1872.] Early Printing in Virginia. 31 

between 1658, and the commencement of Purvis, as well as the MSS. em- 
braced in that book, and as low down as 1733 (when the first Revisal of 
our laws was printed in Virginia) ; and if any thing should occur which will 
throw any light on the subject to which your enquiries have been directed, 
I will communicate it to you. 

I am respectfully, yrs, 
[Addressed to] Wm. W. Hexing. 

The IIon^^° St. George Tucker, 

Williamsburg [Va.] 

[Memo, by Judge Tucker.] 
Si. G. Tucker to his friend Bishop Madison} 

Having no recollection of any such law as that which the reverend M'". 
Bentley in his Letter to you, enquires after, I wrote to ]\P. Hening who 
has made the most ample collection of the Laws of Virginia, which he is 
now actually engaged in publishing, to make the same enquiries from him. 
The preceding Letter contains his answer, which you will do me the favor 
to transmit with my best respects to M^ Bentley & Doctor Oliver. 

July 10, 1809. 

Bisnop Madison to Rev. Dr. Willia:m Bentley. 

Rev. & Dear Sir, July 12, 1809. 

I transmit the Result of Judo:e Tucker's enquiries relative to 
the object of which you wished to be informed. I am sorry that no deci- 
sive answer has yet been obtained, but you will find, from Mr. Hening's 
Letter, that this cannot long be the Case. Mr. Hening's Diligence & 

1 The Rev. James Madison, D.D., first bishop of Virginia, and son of John Madison, 
clerk of Auirusta Co., Va., was born at Port Republic, in tlic county of Rockingham, Va., 
27 Aug., 1749, and died in Williamsburgh, 6 March, 1812. He was descended from the 
Capt. Isaac Madison (or Madyson) whose name appears as an active agent in the aitairs of 
the colony at Jamestown from almost the first. iSee Smith's Hist, of Va. ; Neill's History 
of the Virginia Company^ &c. 

In 1653, John Madison Avas settled on Cliesapeake Bay. He was the fatlier of John, the 
father of Am])rose, who was the father of James, the father of Pres. James Madison. 
The family phanted itself on the shores of Cliesapeake Bay, but gradually extended 
its branches through Virginia to the waters of Mississippi, and several of its members were 
pioneers of the tide of frontier life and adventure in that direction. See Letter of John 
Madison^ under date of 1753, in Rives's Madison. From the writer of that letter, who 
was first cousin of Pres. Madison's father, sprang Bishop Madison; Col. George Madison, 
distinguished in the war of 1812, and governor of Kentucky, and other eminent men of 
that name. 

The bishop was educated at the College of William and Marv, where he distinguished 
himself as a scholar ; elected professor of mathematics in 1773 ; admitted to orders in the 
church by the bishop of London in 1775; president of William and Mary from 1777 to 
1812; consecrated bishop by the archbishop of Canterbury, assisted by the bishops of 
London and Rochester, 19 Sept., 1790. 

Bishop Madison's studies in mathematics, moral philosophy and natural history were 
extensive. His published writings are not numerous. Among them is a sermon on tlio 
death of Gen. Washington; an elegy on John Madison, 22 Sept., 1809, and a prayer com- 
posed (in 1807) for the celeljration of the two hundredtli anniversary of the settlement of 
Jamestown. He prepared a map of Virginia, of Avhich a few copies arc extant. The 
Richmond Enquirer contains also a communication from him about a mammoth, 14 July, 
1809, and one on meteroic stones, 13 Dec, 1810. The same paper contains his ol)iUiary, 
under date of 13 March, 1812, and that of his widow, Mrs. Sarah Madison, under date of 2(3 
Auir., 1815. The degree of doctor in divinity was conferred upon him in 1785, by the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

One of the bishop's daughters, perhaps his only daughter, married the late Robert G. 
Scott, an eminent criminal lawyer of Puchmond, who was some years consul of the United 
States at Pwio de Janeiro — and was succeeded in the same office by his son Robert G. 
Scott, Jr. ; another of Mr. Scott's sons, Charles L., was a representative in congress from 
California; a daughter married Edwin Ilarvic Chambcrlayne, chief clerk in the office of 
the James River and Kanawha Company, at Richmond. 

32 Early Printing in Virginia. [January^ 

Accuracy may be entirely relied upon ; & if the Gentlemen engaged in tlie 
work mentioned should find it convenient to wait for the Issue of Mr. II.'s 
researches, I shall lose no Time in forwarding it to you. 

I reo-ret, ^rj sincerely, that the Person alluded to in your Letter should 
be the^source of uneasiness to his dearest Friends, as well as to yourself. 
There was, certainly whilst he was here, a kind of Eccentricity, or strangeness 
in his manners, which impress'd many with the Belief of some Derange- 
ment. It is too probable, I think, that there is more of Reality than mere 
Pretext, in his situation. 

I wrote to our Friend, Dr. Oliver, a few Days past, and mentioned to him, 
that I should write to you as soon as I rec*^ Mr. Tucker's Reply. I thought 
it would be more satisfactory to forward the inclosed. I am, Rey^ sir — 
with the greatest Respect, Yr Friend & Ser't, 

J. M APIS ox, 


[Postmarked W°^''burg, Va., July 14.] 
[Addressed to] 
The Rev^ Dr. Bentley, 

Salem, Massachusetts. 

Hon. St. George Tucker* to the Rev. Dr. Bentley. 
Reverend Sir, Warminster, Va., August 3d, 1809. 

A few days before I left homo, in Williamsburg, I did myself 
the pleasure to communicate to Bishop iNIadison the answer which 1 had 
received from W. Ilening, respecting the prohibition of printing newspa- 
pers in Virginia, at some period antecedent to our revolution. By the last 
post I have received a second Letter from that Gentleman, the contents of 
which are as follow. 

" Not being able to discover in all my researches into the old acts of as- 
sembly in my possession, any trace of a law interdicting the publication of 
news-papers in Virginia, I rcMpicsted information from M'. Jetfcrson, on 
the subject : the subjoined is an extract of a Letter just received from him. 

1 St. GcorfTC Tucker was educated at William antl Mary Colle^^e. He read law and bc£?an 
practice. After tlic revolutionary war, he was appointed l)y the le;rislature one of a com- 
mittee, composed of Edmund Pendleton, Henry Tazewell, St. George Tucker, Josej)!! 
Prcntis, Arthur Lee, and William Nelson, Jr., to revise and digest the laws of Virginia; 
one of the judges of the General Court, professor of law in William and Mary, a judgeoftho 
Court of Aiipeals, and district Judge of the United States for the eastern district of Vir- 
ginia. His judgeship in the Court of Appeals lie resigned 2 April, 1811. The offlce of 
district judge he resigned several rears previous to his death, in consequence of feeble 
health. In 1801, he'published a letter on slavery, addressed to a member of the General 
Asseml)Iy of Virginia, which has frequently l)ecn quoted in the anti-slavery manuals of 
later davs, taking ground that the elfect of domestic slavery on the moral character of the 
whites was baneful, and incon.-i^tent with the truest principles of republicanism. He 
prepared an edition of "Blackstone's Commentaries, with Notes of reference to the consti- 
tution and laws of the United States, and the Commonwealth of Virginia"; author, also, 
of various political essays, and of the poetic lines, beginning, " Days of my youth, ye have 
glided away." 

Judge and Mrs. Tucker died, and were buried, at " Edgewood," Nelson county, Va., the 
scat of Joseph C. Cabell, Esq., who had married his step-daushter. 

He was a near relative of the late Hon. Henry St. George Tucker, of London, who was 
for a number of years, by successive elections, chairaian of the board of directors of the 
East India Company ; and also a relative of the late Hon. George Tucker, who was for 
about six years a representative in congress from Virginia, the first professor of moral 
philosophy and political economy in the" University of Virginia, author of " The Laws of 
Waires, Profits and Rent, investigated," " Progress of the United States in Population and 
Wealth," " The Life of Thomas^Jetferson," "A History of the United States," &c. 

Judge Henry St. George Tucker, his eldest son, an alumnus of William and Mary, was 
sometime a member of congress, chancellor of the fourth Judicial Circuit, president of the 

1872.] Early Printing in Virginia. 33 

" ' I do not know that the publication of newspapers was ever prohibited 
in Virginia. My Collection of Newspapers begins in 1741, but I have 
seen one newspaper of about three years earlier date, as well as I can recol- 
lect. The first Lav/s printed in Virginia, were, I believe, the collection of 
1733. Till the beginning of our revolutionary disputes, we had but one 
press, and that having the whole business of the Government, and no corn- 
Court of Appeals, professor of law in the University of Virginia, author of Lectures on 
Natural Law, Lectures on Government, Lectures on Constitutional Law, Commentaries on 
the Laws of Virginia, &c. &c., and president of the Virginia Historical and Philosophical 
Society. He married Ann Evelina Hunter, who was a daughter of Moses Hunter and 
Ann Stephen (a daughter of General Adam Stephen), of Jeffersdn county ; and died in 
Winchester, Va., 28 August, 1848. 

Of his two daughters, the first, Ann, married Dr. T. Magill, formerly professor of the 
principles and practice of medicine, obstetrics and medical jurisprudence in the University 
of Virginia ; the second, Virginia, married Henry L. Brooke, Esq., an attorney and coun- 
sellor-at-law, formerly of Richmond, now residing in Baltimore. Mrs. Magill, assisted 
by two of her daughters, is the principal of the Valley Female Institute — an admirable and 
very successful school for the education and training of young ladies, in Winchester. Her 
eldest daughter married the Rev. J. R. Graham, pastor the Presbyterian Church in Win- 
chester. Another of the daughters. Miss Mary Tucker Magill, has been for several years 
an accepted contributor to some of the leading magazines of the country — and the Lippin- 
cotts have at this time in preparation a story of Virginia Home Life, written by her, enti- 
tled, " The Holcombes." One of Mrs. Brooke's daughters married Daniel Lucas, Esq., a 
la wj'cr by profession, and the author of numerous poetical productions — among them: 
" In the land where we were dreaming." 

Of Judge Henry St. George Tucker's sons — 

David-Hunter^ married a daughter of the late Hon. George M. Dallas. His professional 
education was received at the University of Virginia, the University of Pennsylvania, and 
in Paris. He is the author of medical works ; was for several years a professor in the 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, and for a longer period professor of the practice 
of medicine in the Medical College of Virginia, in Richmond — where he still practises his 
profession. His eldest son, Henry St. George, a very promising and exemplary young man, 
was the first soldier in the confederate army, of Virginia, who lost his life after the com- 
mencement of the late war. 

Nathaniel-Beverley, married Miss Ellis. He now resides in St. Catharines, Ontario, 
Canada. Soon after leaving the university, he settled to agricultural life at " Hazelfield," 
the former home of his mother and grandmother, in Jefferson county, Va., but subsequently 
founded and edited the Washington Sentinel, became printer to the U. S. Senate, and, 
during the administration of Mr. Buchanan, was consul of the United States at Liverpool. 
One of his sons, Beverley-Dandridge, partly educated at Vevay, in Switzerland, and who 
is now preparing for the ministry" of the JProtestant Episcopal Church in Virginia, is the 
author of various hymns, among which we recall one, on the words from St. Mark, " Come : 
Take up thy Cross and Follow me," — beginning: 

" Yea, .Tesn, Lord, at thy command, 
I take the cross aud ready stand, 

To follow thee." 

One piece of his contains 133 lines on the words of the Psalmist, " And He hath put a 
new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God," headed Lyua Sacra, beginning: 

" Too long, too long, O Lord, on careless wings 
My song has wandered far from thee." 

John-Uandolph, formerly attorney-general of the State of Virginia, and at present asso- 
ciate professor of law in Washington and Lee University. He enjoys a remarkable popu- 
larity in his native state. Among his published writings is a lecture, entitled, " The South- 
ern Church justified in its support of the War." He will soon have ready for the press a 
new edition of " Tucker's Commentaries," adapted to the greatly changed laws of this 
day. He married a daughter of Col. Humphrey Powell, of Leesburg, Virginia. 

St. George, who was for some years clerk of the senate, and afterward, of the House 
of Delegates, and principal of a classical school at Ashland, Hanover county, died during 
the late war, from disease contracted in the military service of the Confederate States; 
being at the time the captain of a company of infantry. His contributions to polite litera- 
ture were numerous, and some of them very graceful and beautiful. Among his poems 
%vas " The Southern Cross ; " and among his prose works, " Hansford; a tale of Bacon's 
Rebellion." He married a daughter of the late Governor Thomas Walker Gilmer, of Char- 
lottesville, Virginia. 

Judge Nathaniel-Beverley Tucker, the second son of Judge St. George Tucker, was some 
time district-judge of the United States for the district of Missouri, afterAvard professor of 
law in William and Mary, author of *' Tucker's Pleadings ;" also, of " Lectures on the Sci- 
ence of Government," and among other literary works, of " The Partisan Leader." One of 

34 Early Pnnting in Virginia. [January, 

petitor for public favor, nothing disagreeable to the Governor could be got 
into it. We procured Kind to come from Marvland to publish a free paper. 
I do not suppose there ever was a legal obstacle.' " 

Such, Sir, is the most satisfactory Information I have been able to pro- 
cure in answer to your enquiries. Be pleased to accept my best wishes, 
& respects, & do me the favor to present them also to Doctor OUver. 

I am. Reverend Sir, your most obed* sev*, 
The Reverend M"^. Bentley. St. G. Tucker. 

his daughters married the late Henry A. "Washington, who was also a profossor in V\'illiam 
and Mary, and, under the authority of congress, edited, with Notes, '• The writings of 
Thomas Jefferson." 

Elizabeth, only daughter of Mrs. Coaltcr, who was the daughter of St. George Tucker, 
married John Randolph Bryan, the adopted son and one of the legatees of John Randolph, 
of Roanoke, at one time a lieutenant in the United States Navy, afterwards a tlistinguishecl 
farmer in Gloucester county, Va., but now residing at " Ca'rysltrook," Fluvanna county, 
with large planting intei-ests also in Alabama. One of his sons, Josei)h, a meml)er of the 
Richmond bar, recently married a daughter of John Stewart, Escp, of •' lirook Hill," 
near Richmond. 

An obituary notice of Judge St. George Tucker will be found in Niles's Register, vol. 
xxxiii., 1 Dec., 1827; and a line biographiail sketch in Call's Jieporis, 4th vpl. (Richmond, 
Va., 1833). 


Hexry^ Tucker, of Port Royal, Bermuda, married Anne Buttcrficld. Their children 
were : — 

1. Henry, Lt. Gov. of Bermuda; died Feb., 1808. 

2. Fraxcks, married Henry Tucker, Escj., of Somerset, Bermuda ; died 12 Sei)t., 1825. 
Their son John was the father of the wife of Dr. Robert Emmet of the Univen-ity of 

3. Thomas Tudor, a physician in Charleston, C. S. ; afterward treasurer of the United 
States under Washington ; which othce he held till his death, iu the term of the second 

4. Elizabeth, a resident of Bermuda as late as 1828. 

5. Nathaniel, physician in the town of Hull, Eng. ; author of " The Bermudian " and 
other poetical compositions; dii-d in Dec, KSU7. 

6. St. George, born in Port Royal, 29 June, 1752 (0. S.), and on 23 Sept., 1778, married 
Frances Bland (see Note A), dauglitcr of Thi'odoric Bland, Esq., of Cawson's on James 
River and Apjiotomax River, Va., widow of John Randolph, Esq. (see Xotc B), of Ches- 
terfield, and mother of Rirhartl Randolph, born 9 March, 1709; Tlieodoric Bland Ran- 
dolph, born 22 June, 1771, who died and was buried at Bizarre, iu Cuml)crlaud ct»unty, 
February, 1792; and John Randolph, l)orn 2 June, 1773. 

The children of this marriage were : — 

(1) Anne Frances Bland Tucker, born 26 Sept., 1779; wife of John Coaltcr, judge of 
the Court of Appeals; died 12 Sept., 1813. 

(2) Hcnrv St. George Tucker, bom 5 Jan., 1781. 

(3) Theodorick Tudor Tucker, born 17 Sept., 1782. He died 3 April, 1795. 

S4) Nathaniel Beverley Tucker, born Sei)tember, 1784. 
5) Henrietta Eliza Tucker, born 16 Dec, 1787, and died July, 1796. 
.'heir union was dissolved by the death of Frances Tucker, 18 Jan., 1788, in the 36th 
year of her age, she being born 24 Sejjt., 1752 (0. S.). She was inten-ed at Matoax, in 
Chesterfield county, where a plain l)lack marble monument remains to mark the place. 

St. George Tucker and Lelia Carter were married at Currotoman, in Lancaster county, 
Va., 8 Oct., 1791. She was the daughter of Sir Peyton Skipwith, of Mecklenburg, Va., and 
widow of George Carter, of Currotoman, was born 9 Feb., 1769. 

St. George Tucker, their sou, Avas born in Williamsburg, Va., 29 Aug., 1792; he died 23 
Sept., 1795. 

Julia Maria Tucker, their daughter, was boni 25 Nov., 1793, and died a few days after. 

Martha Rutledge Tucker, their second daughter, was born 4 Oct., 1796, and died about 
an hour afterward. 

Bland (Note A.) 

Adam Bland (in the reign of Edward VI.) man-ied Jane Atkyns. 

John Bland, m. Susan . From them came John, whose son Giles came to Virginia, § 

engaged in Bacon's rebellion and was hanged bv Gov. Berkeley ; and 

Theodoric, who came to Virginia about 1654 ; m. Jane Beimett, dan. of Richard Ben- 
nett, governor of Virgmia, in the time of Cromwell, and died 23 April, 1671. 

Richard, m. (2) Elizabeth Randolph (see Xote B). Their eldest son Richard was a lead- 
ing member of the revolutionary convention of Virginia, and of the continental congress, 
and styled by Jetferson, " the wisest man south of James River." A daughter, Mary, m. 

1872.] Early Printing in Virginia, 35 

Isaiah Thomas, Esq., to Rev. Dr. Bentley. 

My good Friend, Aug. M, 1809. 

I should have sooner noticed yours of the 2b^^ ult., but have 
been absent from home for three weeks. 

I can repay your goodness only by thanks and feelings of gratitude. 

It may be that the declaration of Berkeley, and the Instructions to Ld. 
Effingham, relative to the press in Virginia made that impression on my 
mind, as led me to believe that a law anciently had been enacted in the 
colony to prohibit the Printing Press. The mandate of Ld. Effingham 
was, perhaps, at the time sufficient without a legislative act. I most 
cordially thank you and your friends in endeavoring to ascertain the fact 
by so thorough an investigation. 

Henry Lee, and their son Henry was father of the celebrated Col. Henry Lee (Light 
Horse Harry) of the revolutionary war, who was the father of the late Gen..Ilol)ert E. Lee. 

Theodoric m. Frances Boiling (see Note C). Their only son, Theodoric, was colonel 
of dragoons during the revolutionary war, and afterward member of congress. He died 
childless. Their daughter 

FiiANCEs, m. (1) John Randolph (see Note C), and they were the parents of " John 
Randolph, of Ronoake." She m. (2) St. George Tucker. 

Randolph (Note B). 
William^ Randolph emigrated from Warwickshire, Eng.,'to Virginia about 1660, and 
established himself at Turkey Island, about twenty miles below Richmond, in James River. 
He m. Mary, dau. of Henry and Catharine Isham, of Bermuda Hundred, Va., of the family 
of Isham in Northamptonshire, Eng., baronets. He was one of the first trustees of William 
and Mary College, and died 11 April, 1711. Their children were : — 

(1) William^ (of Turkey Island), a royal counsellor of state. 

(2) Thomas^ (of Tuckahoe), was father of Col. William (of Dungencss), the friend of 
Peter Jelferson, lather of Thomas Jefferson, and his son Col. Thomas Mann was a member 
of the house of burgesses, of the committee of safety, &c., and his son of the same name of 
Edgehill (who married Martha, daughter of Pres. Jefferson), was a member of congress- 
colonel of the 20th regt. in the war of 1812, governor of Virginia, &c. One of Thomas's* 
daughters, Judith, married Pres. William Stith, the historian ; another, the Rev. William 
Keith, by whom she had Mary, grandmother of Chief Justice Marshall. 

(3) IsHAM^ (of Dungeness), member of the .house of burgesses, and adjutant-general of 
the colony, married Jane Rogers, in London, Eng., in 1717. They had five sons and six 
daughters. Jane, the eldest, born in London in 1720, m. Peter Jefferson. He died in 
1742. Several of his descendants held high official positions. 

(4) Col. Richard^ (of Curies) married Jane Boiling (see Note C), (gr. gr. granddaugh- 
ter of Pocahontas), and was treasurer of the colony, &c. He was the grandfather of John 
Randolph, of Roanoi^e, and, on the mother's side, of Gov. Thomas Slann Randolph, of 

(5) Sir John^ (of Williamsburg). He was sent to England to obtain a renewal of the 
charter of William and Mary College, and returned knighted; attorney -general , speaker of 
the house of burgesses, treasurer, &c. of the colony. His eldest son, Peyton, ^ was also 
attorney-general and speaker under the crown, and first president of the U. S. congress. 
His second son John"^ was also also attorney-general, and went to England on the breaking 
out of the revolutionary war. Edmund, son of John,^ was aide-de camp to Gen. Wash- 
ington, governor of Virginia, attorney-general, secretary of state of the U. S., &c. &c. 

(6) Henry2 died unmarried. 

(7) Edward,2 a captain in the British navy. 

(8) Mary,2 married Capt. John Stith. Their child William was rector of Henrico parish, 
president of WiUiam and Mary College, and historian of Virginia. 

(9) Elizabeth,^ married Richard Bland (see Note A). 

The above is but an outline of this family. All the Randolphs of Virginia are descend- 
ed from Wilham.i 

Rolling (Note C). 

1. Robert! Boiling married : (1) Jane Rolfe, granddaughter of Pocahontas. (2)— Stith. 

By his first wife he had : — 

John, who married Miss Kennon, and their daughter Jane married Richard Randolph, 
4th son of William, and became the mother of John Randolph, first husband of Frances 
Bland, and grandmother of John Randolph of Roanoke. 

By his second wife, Miss Stith, he had : 

Drury, whose daughter Frances married Theodoric Bland, and their daughter Frances 
married (2) St. George Tucker, and was the mother of Nathaniel Beverly Tucker, who 
married a sister of Col. T. H. Ellis. 

The line of John Randolph, from Pocahontas, runs thus : Pocahontas,' Thomas Rolfe,^ 
Jane (Rolfe) Boiling,^ John Bolling,4 jane Boiling,^ John Randolph,^ John Randolph.' 

36 Early Pnntrng in Virginia. [January, 

My work puts on the features of magnitude — at least more so tlian I in- 
tended it should. I have noticed engraving, &c., in which seals are includ- 
ed—thank you for the hint— if I can but once get thro' with the first object, 

printing— 1 can better determine, how far I can proceed with the arts 

that were its accompaniments. 

" The Essex Journal and Merimack Packet" which you mention, was 
introduced at Newburyport by myself I set up a press there in 1773. 

I return Bishop Madison's Letter, with thanks for the opportunity of 
perusing it. Y^ obliged friend, 

Rev. M"^. Bentley. I- Thomas. 

Mr. Hening (in his letter to Judge Tucker) mentions a second edition of 
the Laws of Virginia, printed in 1728, as " a species^ of typographical arti- 
fice." He supposes it the same Edition as was printed in London 1G82 
[1722? Ed.]. It may be the case, but there was a press, that printed for 
government, at Williamsburg, in 1727. 

Judge Tucker to Key. Dr. Bentley. 

Reverend Sir, Warminster, Virginia, August 22, 1810. 

I do myself the pleasure to subjoin the copy of a Letter 
which I received from M'. Hening, a few days before I left home, on the 
subject of the prohibition of printing in Virginia in the earlier period of the 
rej^al Government here. I am very respectfully, 

To the reverend ^ii'? 

M^ Bentley, Salem, Your most obed' Serv*, 

Massachusetts. St. G. Tucker. 

Dear Sir, Richmond, 21 July, 1810. 

For several days past I have been engaged in examining the 
ancient M:S:S: in my possession, with a view to extract from them such 
documents as tend to elucidate the history of the period embraced by the 
2*^: vol: of the Statutes at large. In my researches I have discovered a 
most important fact, rehiting to the introduction of printing into this Coun- 
try. As this is a subject on which you consulted me last spring, & neither 
M'. Jefferson nor myself could give any information, I enclose you a literal 
transcript from the M:S: that you may communicate it to your friend in 

"February 21^ 1G82-3. 

"John Buckner called before the*Ld Culpeper and his Council for print- 
ing the Laws of 1G80, without his Excellency's licence;— and he & the 
printer ordered to enter into Bond in £100, not to print any thing hereafter, 
until his Majesty's pleasure shall be known." [From a M:S: furnished to 
tlie Editor by Thomas Jefferson, late pres* of the U. S. and purchased by 
him of the Executor of Richard Bland, dece'd. See page 498., Stat: at Large.] 

This paper establishes two important facts, hitherto unknown, or at least, 
only handed down by tradition ; 1^', that there was a printer in Vir- 
ginia, so early as 1G82-3. and 2^^^^, That he was prohibited from printing 
a7iy thing, till the King's pleasure should be known. It is probable that the 
King's pleasure was not very early signified, as the first evidence of any 
printing afterwards, is to be found in the revisal of 1733, which, to the 
disgrace of our printers, is much better executed than any subsequent revi- 
sal. I am, &c. 

Directed to [Signed] Wm. W. Hening. 

St. George Tucker, "Williamsburg." 

1 872.] Tlie Broinfield Family, 37 


^Communicated by Prof. Daniel Denison Slade, M.D.] 
Continued from vol. xxv. page 335. 

The cliildren of Edward and Abigail Bromfield were : — 
(1) Edward, who was born in Boston, Jan. 30, 1723. 

This son, from his excellent character and disposition, gave great promise 
of future distinction. Unfortunately for the world, his life was short. The 
following account of him was written by Rev. Thomas Prince, and appeared 
in the American Magazine for December, 174G. 

" He was the eldest son of Mr. Edward Bromfield, merchant of 

this town — v/as born in 1723, entered Harvard College 1738, took his first 
degree in 1742, his second in 1745, and died at his father's house Aug. 18, 
last, to the deejo reluctance of all who knew him. From his childhood, he 
was thoughtful, calm, easy, modest, of tender affections, dutiful to his superi- 
ours, and kind to all about him. As he grew np these agreeable qualities 
ripened in him, and he appeared very ingenious, observant, curious, pene- 
trating, especially in the works of Nature, in mechanical contrivances, 
and manual operations, which increased upon his studying the mathematical 
sciences, as also in searching into the truths of Divine Revelation, and into 
the nature of genuine experimental piety. 

" His Genius first appeared in the accurate use of his Pen, drawing natural 
landscapes and images of men and other animals, &c., making himself a 
master of the famous Westo7i's short hand in such perfection as he was able 
to take down every word of the Professor's lectures in the college hall, ser- 
mons in the pulpit, and testimonies, pleas, &c. in courts of judicature. 

" As he grew in years with a clear, sedate, unprejudiced and most easy 
way of thinking, he greatly improved in knowledge, and therewith a most 
comely sweetness, prudence, tenderness and modesty graced all his conver- 
sation and im2:)rovements in the eyes of all about him. As monuments of 
his extraordinary industry and ingenuity, in two or three minutes view I see 
he has left in his study (1) maps of the earth in its various projection, 
drawn with his pen in a most accurate manner, finer than I have ever seen 
the like from plates of copper. (2) A number of curious dials, made with his 
own hands, one of which is a triangular Octodecimal, having about its centre 
eighteen triangular planes, with their hour lines and styles standing on a 
pedestal though unfinished. (3) A number of optical and other mecha- 
nical instruments of his own inventing and making, the designs and uses 
of which are not yet known. (4) A considerable number of manuscripts 
of his own writing, containing extracts out of various authors, with his own 
pious meditations, and self-reflections, though almost all in short hand, with 
many characters of his own devising and hard to be deciphered. (5) As 
he was well skilled in music, he for exercise and recreation, with his own 
hands has made a most accurate organ with two rows of keys wad many 
hundred pipes, his intention being twelve hundred, but died before he com- 
pleted it. The workmanship of the keys and pipes, surprisingly nice and 
curious, exceeded any thing of the kind, that ever came from England, which 
he designed not merely to refresh his spirits, but with the harmony to mix, 
enliven and remilate his vocal and deli^i^htful sonj^s to his Great Creator, 
1 reserver, Benefactor and Redeemer. He thought the author of Nature 

Vol. XXVI. 4 

38 The Bromfield Family, [January; 

and Musick, does by Iiis early choristers of the air with which the day spring 
rises, teach us to awake with them, and begin our morning exercise with 
grateful hymns of joy and praises to him. And what is surprising was that 
he had but a few times looked into the inside work of two or three organs 
which came from England. (6) But what I would chiefly write of is — his 
clear knowledge of the properties of light, his vast improvements in making 
microscopes most accurately, grinding the finest glasses, and thereby attain- 
ing to such wondrous views of the inside frames and works of nature as I 
am apt to think that some of them at least have never appeared to mortal 
eye before. He carried his art and the perfection of his instruments to 
such a degree as to make a great number of surprising discoveries of the 
various shapes and clusters contained in a variety of exceedingly minute 
particles of vegetables, insects, &c., as also of the yet smaller clusters which 
composed the particles of those clusters, &c., that he seemed to be making haste 
to the sight of the Minima Naturalia, or the very minutest and original atoms 
of material substances. In short he could meet with no curious piece of 
mechanism, but he could readily see its deficiencies, make one like it, and 
happily improve. At one time he told me it seemed as if we might magnify 
almost unboundedly, or as far as the rays of light preserved their properties and 
could be visible — at another time, that he saw a way of bringing sun-beams 
in such a manner and number into a room in the coldest day of winter, as 
to make it as warm as he pleased without any other medium. I earnestly 
urged him to write down, delineate and publish his discoveries, for the in- 
struction of men and the glory of God, but his excessive modesty hindered 
him, and now they are gone without recovery." 

An excellent portrait of this young man, probably by Smibert, is still 
preserved and is now in the possession of Mrs. M. Bromfield Blanchard, 
of Harvard, Mass. There are also extant several of his drawings executeu 
with the pen. 

(2) Abigail, born Jan. 9, 172G ; married June 13,1744, Hon. William 
Phillips, the 3d son of Rev. Samuel Phillips, settled at Andover, and a de- 
scendant of Rev. George Philhps who came out with Gov. Winthrop in 1G30, 
settled at "Watertown, and died there July, 1G44. Mrs. Philhps died in 
1775. Their children were : — 1. Abigail, married Josiah Quincy, Jr., and 
left one child, Hon. Josiah Quincy, mayor of Boston and president of Har- 
vard University. 2. Hannah, married Samuel Shaw, Esq., and died at Ded- 
ham, Jan. 24, 1833. 3. Sarah, married Capt. Edward Dowse, and died at 
Dedham, 1839. 4. William, for many years lieut.-governor of Massachu- 
setts, married Sept. 13, 1774, Miriam, daughter of Hon. Jonathan Mason, 
and died May 25, 1827.' 

r3) Henry, born in Boston, Nov. 12, 1727. Of his boyhood and youth 
we know nothing beyond the fact that he was fitted for mercantile life, in 
which he was for many years engaged in his native city, and afterwards in 
London, in connection with his brother Thomas. He formed an early 
attachment for Margaret, the daughter of Thomas Fayerweather, Esq., of 
Boston, and to this lady he was married Sept. 17, 1749. During the year 
following his marriage, Mr. Bromfield v/ent to England, but returned to • 
Boston after a few months absence. In .this city were born to him : — 1. 
Margaret, born Oct. 5, 1750, died 1765. 2. Henry, born Dec. 24, 1751, 
died in Cheltenham, England, Feb. 5, 1837. 3. Abigail, born AiDril 11, 1753, 
married D. D. Rogers, 1781, died Oct., 1791. 4. Sarah, born May 1, 1757, ' 

1 Bridgman's Memorials of the Dead—'KSx\g's Chapel Burjing-ground. 

1872.] The BromfieU Family. 39 

married 1786, Dr. E. Pearson, died Feb, 12, 1831. 5. Edward, born Feb. 1, 
17 GO, died in infancy. 

Mrs. Bromfield died of small pox, while on a journey, in Brookiield, 
Mass., and was buried there. The papers of the day thus noticed her death : 

'' On the 3d instant died at Broohfield of the Small Pox, in the oOth 
Year of her age, Mrs. Margaret Bromfield of this Town — She was 
riding for her Health, and on her Return home, when she was seized with 
that distemper, so often fatal in what is called the Natural Way, which at 
once destroy'd an engaging Form, and cut short a valuable Life. 

" The external Advantage of her Person was accompanied with a Sweet- 
ness of Temper, and an Assemblage of Virtues, that form'd a distinguish'd 
and very amiable Character ; and all who knew her, partake in the deep 
Regret which the Loss of this Lady has occasioned to her Family and near- 
est Friends. 

" The Serenity with which she met the Approach of Death, tho' attended 
with Circumstances peculiarly affecting, was derived from that Piety which 
she early began to cultivate, and of which she was a fair Example ; and the 
Prospects it afforded her in her last Moments, reconciled her to the Disso- 
lution of every tender Engagement in Life." 

The following is upon her grave-stone : — " Here lie deposited, in hope of 
rising to a life immortal, the remains of Margaret, the amiable and virtuous 
consort of Mr. Henry Bromfield, mercht. in Boston. Born March 19, 1732. 
She died in this town of the small pox." 

A, portrait of this lady is now in the possession of her granddaughter, 
Mrs. Blanchard, of Harvard. 

IMj. Bromfield married Sept. 25, 1762, a second wife, Hannah Clarke, 
eldest daughter of Richard Clarke, Esq., of Boston, born Feb. 27, 1724; 
died Aug., 1785. 

Their only child Elizabeth was born Aug. 19, 1763, married D. D. Rog- 
ers, Esq., 1776, and died May 5, 1833, having had the following children : 
1. Elizabeth, married J. T. Slade. 2. John. 3. Henry. 4. Hannah, mar- 
ried W. P. Mason, Esq. 

The political dissensions which were now agitating the country, and the 
consequent embarrassments in mercantile affairs, were undoubtedly the chief 
motives for inducing Mr. Bromfield to seek rural retirement. Li selecting 
the village of Harvard for his future residence, he was probably ififiuenced 
by the great beauty of its situation, as well as by the peculiar excellence of 
the mansion,* which he purchased April 1, 1765. 

The following is an extract of a letter from his brother Thomas Bromfield : 

" Dear Brother, " London^ 2 Nov. 1766. 

* * ^ ^ "I take notice y* you are a move^ your things 
into the country w^^ a design to move there yourself — I wish you may find 

1 This old mansion, so long the abode of refinement and hospitality, was an ohjcct of 
interest to every one who visited the village of Harvard. Its situation amidst avenues of 
lofty elms, as well as its venerable appearance with gambrel roof and quaint chimneys, 
were suggestive of true home comforts, suggestions which few modern structures can offer. 
It was erected in 1733, by the first minister of the town. Rev. John Seeom])e. Tradition says 
that his father-in-law, Rev. Will. Williams, of Weston, Mass., offered to furnish as large a 
house as he would build. Mr. Sccombe came from Medford, and was the author of a 
■witty poem entitled " Father Abbey's Will," recently repul)lished l)y Mr. Sil)ley, the wor- 
thy librarian of Harvard University. He left Harvard in 1757. Mr. Bromfield occupied 
the mansion more than forty years. At his death it passed successively into the possession 
of his son-in-law. Dr. Pearson; his granddaughter, Mrs. Blanchard, and his grandson, 
Henry B. Pearson. After battling the storms and temi)ests of a century and a ([uarter, it 
fell a victim to fire, Aug. 5, 1854 — and its ruins are still the object of melancholy interest 
to many who have passed days of happiness beneath its shelter. 

40 Tlie Bromfield Family, [January, 

it agreeable live^ there, but I doubt it much. I believe its best to try, & then 
if you dont find it to be agreeable, pluck up stakes & come over here. As 
to sister's being any hindrance I believe on y® contrary that before she has 
winter'd and summer'd Harvard she v^ill be willing to go almost any where 
rather than remain there, but its possible I may be out in my judgment w*^ 
regard to that matter. 

" You'l please to give my kind love & regards to her ^ tell her y* in my 
opinion, England is far preferable to Harvard, & y* she will hear from her 
friends almost as often." 

From the preceding letter, and from one to his father-in-law, Richard 
Clarke, as well as from certain memoranda in my possession, we learn that 
Mr. Bromfield moved with his family to Harvard in 1766 — spending the 
winter of 1767 there, altho' he did not permanently reside in the place until 
ten years later. During this interval he visited England at least twice, 
once accompanied by his son Henry. His correspondence with members of 
the family on both sides of the ocean is interesting, relating as it does to 
the stirring events of the day. Moving to Harvard in March, 1777, the 
change from the society of friends and relatives to such utter seclusion must 
have been great indeed. The concluding lines of a letter from his son then 
in Philadelphia, truthfully foreshadow the life and closing days of the good 
man, the last as yet far distant. " I had almost forgot that by this time 
you are retired to the peaceful abodes of Harvard, and instead of the per- 
plexing arrangement of figures and more anxious dependence on floating 
treasures are now agreeably employed in assigning to each plant its sta- 
tion, and possess present joy in the bud while contemplating the sure 
prospect of happiness in plenty. May the tranquil scenes which now sur- 
round you be an exact emblem of your future days, produced in the summer 
of life ; may you reap largely of the fruits of virtue in its decline to refresh 
and delight you in the frigid season of hoary age, and be hereafter restored 
to fresh vigor and glory in an eternal Spring." 

The life pursued by Mr. Bromfield at Harvard, was an uneventful one, but 
interesting to us in every particular, as showing the occupations of a coun- 
try gentleman in New-England during the last century. In 1776, he had 
been appointed justice of the peace, an office which he held at intervals for 
many years. He busied himself in the affairs of his farm, and from an 
allusion in a letter to his fall from a horse, he undoubtedly indulged him- 
self in the healthful exercise of the saddle. The loss of his wife in 1785 
— a severe trial at any time — was the more so in his isolated situation, in 
the midst of a New-England winter. Under date of Dec. 29, 1785, he 
writes to his brother Thomas — " I am now solus here, except a negro man."' 
The character of Mrs. Bromfield endeared her to every one about her. 
In a journal of Aug. 22, 1785, appeared the following notice : 

" On the 17th instant died, at Harvard, in the County of AYorcester, Mrs. 

1 This Wcis honest, faithful Othello. Every one, man. woman and child in Harvard, and 
I may say the suiTOunding country, knew this excellent and devoted servant. Born a 
slave, he was in the employ of Mr.Bromfiekl for many years. Several anecdotes are told 
of his eccentricities, and of the entire dependence tliat the master had upon his servant. 
He died about seven years before Mr. Bromfield. Buried in an obscure corner of the grave- 
yard, liis resting-place was neglected, and almost unlinown until marked l)y a neat stone, 
erected by the late Henry B. Pearson, Esq., with the following inscription upon it : 


The faithful friend of 

Henry Bromfield. 

Came from Africa 

About 1760 — Died 1813, 

Aged about 72. 

1872.] TJie Bromfield Family, 41 

Hannah Bromfield^ consort of Henry BromJieJd, Esq ; of that place : — A 
Lady whose virtues and accomplishments rendered her an ornament to 
human nature, and a blessing to her family and friends ; uniform in her 
endeavours to alleviate the distresses, and heighten the enjoyments of life, 
she was equally amiable and beneficent in every situation ; and left the 
world with serenity, in the joyful hope of that immortal felicity, for which 
afflictions like those her decease occasions, had a happy tendency to pre- 
pare her." 

In a letter to his son Henry, Feb. 4, 1791, Mr. Bromfield allows us a 
peep into his domestic life. He writes in the depth of winter — his 
daughter Elizabelh and friends have just made him a visit of four days, 
and a ^rreat treat this must have been to him in his solitude. " It was a 
high regale to rae." He speaks of the neighboring clergy as his friends. 
They were so, and in them he found almost the only ones with whom he 
could sympathise. They always maintained the highest regard for him 
throughout his long life. 

" If the sleighing shall break up soon, I shall have a hopeful prospect for 
three months to come." AVhoever has passed a winter and the early spring 
in one of our country towns, must well know the condition of our roads 
at that season of the year. Bad enough at the present day with all our 
improvements in road making, what must they have been eighty years ago ! 
With scarcely any books, except a few standard authors ; no news, except 
that brought by the weekly newspapers, which in all probability came very 
irregularly during the winter season, owing to the imperfect mail arrange- 
ments and the great distance of the post office (this being in a neighboring 
town), with only occasional letters from dear relatives and friends — no won- 
der Mr. Bromfield says, '' I am thinking to turn mechanic, and add some 
conveniences to my outbuilding." During the months of summer he could 
find abundant and delightful occupation in his garden and fields — and to this 
he must have looked forward during the inclement season, with much the 
same feeling as does the captive to his day of deliverance. His daughter, 
Mrs. Abigail Rogers, had returned from her tour in Europe somewhat im- 
proved in health ; but was at this time far distant in Virginia. 

Under date of Feb. 9, he adds a few lines to the same letter. How 
vividly from his description can we picture to ourselves the old gentleman 
sitting by his generous wood fire, all alone in the south-east parlor, w^'iting 
to his dear son, by the light of two candles, in their silver candlesticks, 
nothing to break the death-like silence within, but the ticking of the tall 
old clock in the corner, a souvenir which he has brought from London — 
and without, the rao-ino- of the elements. " Last eveninc^ it came on to 
rain and continued till noon this day, when it came on a tremendous 
Snow storm, and now (8 o'clock) blows 'as if all nature was coming to 
wreck." How the old trees bent beneath the blasts, and how the wintry 
winds howled around the old mansion that night ! . No matter, he regards 
the storm as a friend, for he has formed his plans for " slipping down " to 
the city upon runners to visit his dear daughter and friends — much the easi- 
est and most expeditious way of communication for those days. Still the 
inclemency of the weather that day has deprived him of enjoying a dinner 
with the high sheriff at Lancaster, and, what would have gratified him still 
more, of participating in Divine Service in the afternoon, under the minis- 
tration of Dr. Parker. 

In the autumn of 1791, Mr. Bromfield was again afflicted, by the death 
of his daughter Mrs. Abigail Rogers. 

Vol. XXVI. 4* 

42 TJie Bromfield Family, [January, 


In one of the Boston papers appeared this notice of Mrs. Rogers : — 
" Died in town, on Friday evening, deeply lamented by her acquaintance, 
Mrs. Abigail Rogers, the amiable consort of Mr. D. D. Rogers, mercliant, 
and daughter of Henry Bromfield, Esq. The exemplary patience, resigna- 
tion and cheerfulness with which she supported a long and very painful ill- 
ness, demonstrate the importance even to the present life, of that exalted 
piety, which is founded in a firm belief of the truths of Christianity." 

A portrait of this lady, in the possession of H. B. Rogers, Esq., is one 
of Copley's best efl^orts. 

His son Henry, in a letter to his father from London, Oct. 30, 1802, says: 
" I participate in the pleasure, with which you relate the circumstances of 
your farm — a good crop well got in, the finest firuits of the neighbourhood, 
the cellar stored with vegetables and the barn filled with hay imply an 
abundance for man and beast, wdiich may well communicate gladness to the 
heart and praise to that beneficence from whence they proceed. Such cir- 
cumstances with such sensibilities, combined with the hope of better things 
to come, is an allotment truly enviable." 

Again, in letters written during the year 1813, he says: "Nov. 5. — 
The weather lately has been ver}'' unpleasant for the ingathering, which 
should be dry for housing of roots, &c. I am now housing mine, and last 
evening husked my corn and now making my cyder." Nov. 17, he says : 
in a letter to his daughter, iNIrs. Rogers — lioping to have seen her at Harvard 
during the fine w^eather : " The reverse of weather has taken place, by a se- 
vere storm of snow. I have to fear a solitary winter. — I have had thoughts of 
keepingThanksgivingwithyou, but on reflection find lam not provided with 
a comfortable surtout for severe cold — mine is too thin and old to appear in 
Boston. At home and on Sundays I wear a cloak^ over my surtout, which 
wont do to appear in at the great town. The fireside is most consonant to 
my age and my feelings, especially in severity of weather. By the late 
snow I have been able to get home a good ])ile of dry wood, cut the last 
season, to make us comfortable, but shall find the want of my dear cliildrea 
and friends to converse with. In my situation it makes it very dull." 

Mr. Bromfield had little or no connection with politics, or even with the 
village afiairs. He led a life, as we have seen, of almost complete retire- 
ment, after the death of his wife and the marriaije of his dauijhters. His 
son had established himself in England. The neighboring clergy and the 
relatives and friends who came to visit him in the pleasant season, were the 
only means of social enjoyment. His health was usually excellent, and it 
was not until his last short sickness that he was confined to the chamber. — 
He died at Harvard, Feb. 0, 1820, at the advanced age of 92. A funeral 
sermon was dehvered by Dr. Thayer of Lancaster, entitled " The Good 
Man." From this we make a few extracts : — " Such was his distrust of 
himself, so profound his reverence of God and so correct his ideas of the 
terms upon which an erring mortal may have a title to mercy, that he 
would have pronounced himself unworthy to be held up to the generations 
of men as a pattern. Cheerful, ardent, social, sympathetic and trusty, he im- 
perceptibly won the affection, commanded the confidence and invited the 
familiarity of all who knew him. The intelligent and refined were his early 

J The cloak alluded to was r)riglit scarlet- What a plcnsinir picture! The old frontlcman 
in scarlet cloak, wig and cocked hat, silk stockings with knee buckles, long staff in hand, 
accompanied at a respectful distance behind bv his faithful negro servant, wending his way 
on a summer sabbath morning through the long avenue (^f elms to the village church.— 
And such was the deference paid to age, and to christian virtues, that no" one left his 
pew until the old man had passed out. All this too at a period quite advanced into the 
present century. The cloak and other articles mentioned are still in good preservation. 

1872.] ChristopJier Kilhy, of Boston. 43 

associates. He had within his reach the means of general knowledge. He 
was conversant with the enlightened of his own country and of other nations. 
No diversity of taste or fashions in society, and no desire to rank with the 
unreflecting great, could change or corrupt the disposition and habits of 
life which happily formed him for domestic scenes. The character of his 
religion cannot be too highly celebrated. It was formed of such plain prac- 
tical principles and maxims', as are found in the sermon of the divine Re- 
deemer. It was a religion not of morals merely, but also of deeds. It was 
a religion unmixed with ostentation, arrogance, and an exclusive spirit. It 
was alike removed from indifference, apathy and indolence on the one hand, 
and from intemperate zeal, intolerance and presumptuousness on the other. 
Of its benign oj^eration we had the best evidence in his temper and life. 

[To be continued.] 


[Communicated by Charles "W. Tuttle, Esq.] 

The capacity, public services, wealth and liberality of Christopher Kilby, 
place him among the worthies of Boston of the last century. While he 
lived abroad most of his days and died there, and while most of his living 
posterity are now in England and Scotland, he was, nevertheless, a son of 
Boston, began his public life here, remembered his native town in its afflic- 
tion, bequeathed his name to one of its most public streets, and a few of 
his posterity still live here. Although his name appears frequently in the 
records of his time, is mentioned by Hutchinson, Drake, and other histori- 
ans, and is memorably associated with Boston, but little is publicly known 
of his career and his connections. His personal history derives fresh inter- 
est from the fact that his great-granddaughter was the first wife of the 
seventh Duke of Argyll, the grandfather of the Marquess of Lome, who 
recently married Her Royal Highness, the Princess Louise, of England. 

Christopher Kilby was the son of John and Rebecca (Simpkins) Kilby, 
of Boston. He was born May 25, 1705, and bred to commercial pursuitg. 
In 172G, he became a partner in business with the Hon. William Clark,^ a 
distinguished merchant of Boston, whose eldest daughter he married the same' 
year. Mr. Clark carried on an extensive commercial trade with England 
and the West Indies ; and Kilby was several times in those countries, on busi- 
ness of the firm, during the continuance of the partnership, which terminated 
on his return from England in 1785. In this period of nine years he passed 
three abroad in commercial undertakings. He now formed a partnership 
with his brother-in-law, Mr. Clark's youngest son, Benjamin, and continued 
in the same business^ until he went to England in 1730. 

1 Tlic Hon. William Clark was brother of the Hon. John Clark, of Boston, for many years 
speaker of the house of representatives, and grandson of Dr. John Clark, an eminent physi- 
cian, whose portrait is in the Massachusetts Hist. Society/ Collections. Dr. Cku'k married 
Martha, sister to Sir Richard Saltonstall, one of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Mr. 
Clark was a member of the house and provincial council. He was a merchant, and had a 
large estate. He died in 1742, leaving widow, Sarah, two sons, and two married daugliters, 
Mr. Kill)y's wife being dead some years before. — See Descendants of Hugh Clark, and 
Suffolk Probate Records. 

'* Last Saturday died here the Ilonorable William Clark, Esq., who has been one of the 
most considerable Merchants in this Town, and has formerly served as a Representative 
for the Town in the General Court, and was for some years one of the Members of his 
Majesty's Council."— TAe Boston Weekly Neivs Letter, July, 1742. 

2 Kilby's Letters. 

44 Christojphe?' Kilhy, of Boston. [January, 

In May, 1739, he was chosen representative to the general court from 
Boston, his colleagues being Thomas Gushing, Jr., Edward Bromfield, and 
James Allen. • The session of the court began near the end of May, and 
continued, with several intermediate adjournments, to the end of the year, 
the domestic affairs of the province being in a troubled state. Mr. Kilby 
served on all the important committees of the house, and took an active 
part in the business of the session. Important questions relative to the 
issue of paper money and to the boundaries of the province were discussed 
and acted upon. Gov. Belcher had received instructions from the king to 
limit the issue of bills of credit to a period not exceeding in duration those 
current at the time of a new issue, and the consequence was that all became 
payable in 1741. The governor declined to recede from his instructions, 
although the public distress was great. The last of September the house 
resolved to send a special " agent to appear at the court of Great Britain, 
to represent to his majesty the great difficulties and distress the people of 
this province labor under by reason of thus being prevented from raising 
the necessary supply to support the government and the protection and 
defence of his majesty's subjects here." Thomas Gushing, a distin- 
guished member of tlie house, and formerly its speaker, was chosen agent ; 
and a committee of eight, Mr. Kilby being one, was ajipointed to draw up 
his instructions. On account of continued ill health, Mr. Gushing declined 
the office, and Mr. Kilby was, on the second of October, chosen in his place.^ 

The province had always selected its ablest men to act as agents, the 
functions of the office being of a di})lomatic character, requiring ability, 
sagacity, prudence and a knowledge of public affairs. Mr. Kilby, then only 
thirty-four years of age, accepted the appointment, and Gapt. Nathain'el 
Cunningham, an eminent merchant of Boston, was chosen to succeed him 
in the house.^ Early in December Kilby received his instructions, and im- 
mediately sailed for England. He presented to the king in council the 
petition of the house, praying for a modification of the royal instructions to 
Belcher concerninfr the issue of bills of credit ; but the kinix could not be 
pursuaded to make the change prayed for.' 

In October, 1741, Francis Wilks, long a standing agent of the province 
in England, was dismissed, and soon after died, and Kilby was chosen in his 
place. About this time the province took an appeal from a decision of the 
commissioners respecting the boundary line between it and Rhode Island. 
In January, 1742, Kobert Auchmuty, an eminent lawyer of Boston, and 
Ghristopher Kilby, were chosen joint agents to prosecute the appeal before 
the king in counciL Auchmuty continued in this service till April, 1743, 
and Kilby did not cease his exertions in the matter of the appeal till 174G.* 

1 Drake's History of Boston. Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts. Journal of 
House of Re])resentativcs, 1739. 

2 Capt. Nathaniel Cunningham was one of the richest merchants in Boston in his day. 
He died in London, Sei)t. 7, 1748, leaving wife Susanna and children, viz. : Nathaniel, 
who married Sarah Kilby; Ruth, who married James Otis, the orator and statesman; and 
Sarah. His estate was valued at nearly £50,000. To each daughter he gave £10,000, and 
annuities for their support while minors : to Dr. Sfewall's church sixty ounces of silver, to 
he made intf. a proper vessel for the service of the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, the 
expenses of making to be paid out of his estate : to the poor of the church £500. The 
rest of liis large estate to liis only son Nathaniel. He mentions Charles Paxton, Esq., as 
his brotlicr-in law. Mr. Cunningham was one of the proprietors of the lands in the west 
parish of Leicester, where he l»uilt several fine houses. He gave the town, now Spencer, 
land for a meeting-house and training field.— See Hist, of Spencer and Siiffolk Probate 

3 Journal House of Representatives. Hutchinson's Hist, of Mass. Mass. Archives. 

4 Journal House of Representatives. Arnold's History of Rhode Island. Mass. Archives, 

1872.] Cliristoijlier Kilby, of Boston, 45 

The removal of Gov. Belcher was one of the questions which agitated 
the people here, and in New-Hampshire, when Kilby went to England. He 
was one of the strong party opposed to Belcher, and he used his influence 
to displace him, and to secure the office for Shirley, who was appointed 
governor in 1741.^ 

Mr. Kilby continued to act as standing agent of the province till the 
middle of November, 1748, performing many important services, among 
which may be mentioned the procuring from the British government reim- 
bursement to the province for expenses in the famous Pepperell expedition 
to Louisburg in 1745. William Bollan, a lawyer of Boston, son-in-law of 
Gov. Shirley, was chosen joint agent with Kilby to prosecute this claim for 
expenses in " taking and securing the island of Cape Breton and its depen- 
dencies." In the prosecution of this claim Kilby labored with untiring in- 
dustry and energy. His official and private letters show this ; and nothing 
but ignorance or jealousy has kept this fact from being more publicly known. 
In a letter to Secretary Willard, dated March 10, 1747, he says: "No 
other affiiir I am concerned in but what is made subservient to this impor- 
tant and most necessary point of reimbursing the province and relieving it 
from distress which is not possible to be endured long, for I have an unshak- 
en and immovable zeal for the welfare of my country." He writes to the 
speaker of the house from Portsmouth, England, where he then was in con- 
ference with Admiral Sir Peter Warren, under date of April 6, 1748, that 
the house of commons passed a bill on the 4th inst., " granting to Massa- 
chusetts £183,649 02 7J, the time and manner of payment being left 
entirely with the treasury." ^ 

The Duke of Newcastle promised the governorship of New- Jersey to 
Kilby, on the death of Morris ; but the friends of Belcher persuaded the duke 
to change his purpose at the last moment, and Belcher got the appointment. 
While agent of Massachusetts he was member of the firm of Sedgwick, 
Kilby and Barnard, of London. On the death of Sedgwick, the name 
was Kilby, Barnard and Parker. The business of the firm was extensive, 
especially with the American colonies.^ 

In 1755, Boston having some grievances of its own, appointed Kilby its 
standing agent at the court of Great Britain. He accepted the appoint- 
ment, and performed the duties required of him to the entire satisfaction of 
his native town.* 

In May, 1756, England formally declared war with France. 'John 
Campbell, fourth Earl of Loudoun, was appointed commander-in-chief of 
the king's forces in North America, and governor of Virginia. Kilby 
was appointed " agent-victualler of the army " under the earl, and sailed 
from Portsmouth, May 20, for New- York, arriving there about the middle 
of July. The Nightingale man-of-war, having the earl and his staff, and also 
Thomas Pownall, soon after appointed governor of Massachusetts, on board, 
sailed from the same port and arrived at New- York a few days later than 
Kilby. The organization of the army went forward, and great preparations 
were made for subduing the French in Canada and elsewhere on this conti- 
nent. Kilby addressed himself to the furnishing of supplies for the army.* 
In January, 1757, the Earl of Loudoun and many of his officers came to 

* Hutchinson's History. Kilby's Letters. 

2 Mass. Archives. Kilby's Letters. 

3 Kilby's Correspondence. 

* Dr.'ike's History of Boston. Boston Gazette. 

^ Boston Gazette^ July and August, 1756. Doc. History of New -York. 

46 Christopher Kilhy, of Boston, [January, 

Boston to meet the commissioners of the several provinces, to consult about 
raising an army, and other matters, for the campaign of that year. The 
Boston Gazette of January 24, 1757, after speaking of the arrival of the 
earl in Boston, adds, " At the same time, and in company with the Earl of 
Loudon, arrived Christopher Kilby, Esq., who went from hence about 17 
years past as Agent for this Province at the Court of Great Britain : the 
warm affection he has discovered for his countrymen, and the signal services 
he has rendered this Province during that space, has greatly endeared him 
to us. The Selectmen of the Town waited upon liim as Standing Agent of 
the Town with their congratulations and Thanks for the Favors he has from 
Time to Time shown us. A Committee of the General Court has invited 
him to Dine at Concert Hall this Day — and his townsmen rejoice at the 
opportunity they now have of testifying the deserved esteem they have for 
him. With Pleasure we can acquaint the Publick that he is in a good mea- 
sure recovered from the illness which attended him this Fall while at 

Kilby probably remained in this country till the peace of 1763. He was 
in New- York when the terrible fire occurred in Boston, in March, 1760, 
destroying many dwelling-houses and causing much distress. Upon hear- 
ing of this calamity Kilby sent two hundred pounds sterling to the sufferers, 
a sum that was resjarded as enormous at the time. The district burnt over 
embraced both sides of " Mackerill Lane," so called. When this part of 
the town was rebuilt, and the lane widened and extended, it was called 
" Kilby Street," by common consent, in compliment to IMr. Kilby for his 
generous donation, and for his zeal for the interests of his native town.^ 

On his return to England he purchased a large estate in the parish of 
Dorking, county Surrey, where he " built a curious editice called the piior}", 
and several ornamental seats." Here he lived many years prior to his death, 
which took place in October, 1771. He left an immense estate, which he 
distributed among his seven grandchildren, after providing for his wife.^ 

Mr. Kilby was twice married. His first wife was Sarah, eldest daughter 
of the Hon. ^yilliam Clark, whom he married Aug. 1 8, 1 7 2 6. Mrs. Kilby died 
April 12, 1739, about six months before her husband was sent, as agent, to 
England, leaving two young daughters, Sarah and Catherine.' A sou Wil- 
liam died young. In 1742, his father-in-law Clark died, intestate, leaving 
a large estate. Kilby being in England, his warm personal friend, Thomas 
Hancock, an eminent merchant, and uncle to Governor John Hancock, was 
appointed guardian of Sarah and Catherine Kilby, and secured for them 
their share of their grandfather Clark's estate. Five years later they were 
sent to England, their father receiving them at Portsmouth. Catherine 
appears to have died soon after her arrival. 

Mr. Kilby was now married again, but had no other children. His 
second wife's name was Martha, and she survived him. Her family name is 
not known here. On Sarah Kilby, his surviving daughter, he bestowed every 
advantage that wealth could command. She received the best education 
England could afford ; and in 1753, was betrothed to Nathaniel, only son 
of Capt. Nathaniel Cunningham, a merchant of the greatest wealth of any 
in Boston. His daughter Ruth married the celebrated James Otis, patriot 

1 Boston Post Boy, April 7, 1760. Drake's History of Boston. Family tradition. 

2 Allen's History of Surrey and Sussex, vol. ii. Whitmore's Heraldic Journal. 

3 " Last week dy'd suddenly Mrs. Kilby, Wife of Mr. Christopher Kilby of this Town, 
Merchant, and Daughter to the Hon. William Clark, Esq."— ^os^on Weekly News Letter, 
April 17, 1739. 

1872.] Christopher Kilby, of Boston. 47 

and orator. Sarah Kilby returned to this country just before her marriage, 
which took place June 20, 1754. Mr. Cunningham settled in the fine 
mansion-house of his father, now deceased, situated on an eminence in Cam- 
bridge, now Brighton. In Price's view of Boston, taken in 1743, dedicated 
to Peter Faneuil, this house is a conspicuous object, and designated by 
name, being the finest mansion-house in the vicinity of Boston. Nathaniel 
Cunningham died near the end of the year 1756, leaving two infant chil- 
dren, Susanna and Sarah. 

When the Earl of Loudoun visited Boston, a few months after this event, 
there came with him his aide-de-camp, Capt. Gilbert McAdam, as well as 
Kilby, who introduced his widowed daughter to Capt. McAdam. He was 
of an ancient Ayrshire family, and uncle to John Loudoun McAdam, the 
inventor of Macadamized roads. In September, 1757, Capt. McAdam mar- 
ried the widow Sarah Cunningham, and took her, and her two children, to 
New- York, the j^rincipal head quarters of the army. At the close of the 
war, possibly before, Capt. McAdam returned to Ayrshire with his family.^ 

Susanna and Sarah Cunningham were the special objects of Kilby's 
bounty and solicitude. They were sent to France, and there educated with 
care. Their domestic lives, and the lives of their descendants, are invested 
with an air of romance. Susanna was thrice married. Her first husband 
was James Dalrymple^ of Orangefield, Ayrshire, the friend and patron of 
Robert Burns. By this marriage she had one son, Charles Dalrymple, an 
ofiicer of ilie British army. Through subsequent marriages, first with 
John Henry Mills and afterwards with William Cunningham, both of Scot- 
land, she is now represented, in this country, by her grandchildren, Mrs. 
Frances Maria Spofibrd, wife of the venerable Dr. Richard S. SpofFord, of 
Newburyport, Mrs. Susanna Varnum Mears, of Boston, and Capt. Thomas 
Cunningham, of Somerville. Her sister, Sarah Cunningham, married Wil- 
liam Campbelh of Ayrshire, and had two daughters, the eldest of whom, 
Elizabeth, married the seventh Duke of Argyll, grandfather of the present 
Marquess of Lorne.^ 

The following is a copy of an original letter from Christopher Kilby 
to Thomas Hancock, before referred to. 

Dear Hancock, Spring Garden, 18 July, 1746. 

I am greatly oblig'd for the dispatch in Lumber and Bricks to New- 
foundland, and for your advice of the vessels arrival there. The LouiBl)urg affair 
is not in the deplorable case you haVe imagined. Capt. Bastide'* is Engineer, and 
the thing lays with him and his officers ; and I think you cannot fail of a seasonable 
part if any advantage is to be had ; but these officers arriving and a great sum of 
Sterling money to be spent amongst you I should think Exchange must be constantly 
lowering till this service is over, and however that may be you'll certainly not want 
as much of their money as I should think you would be willing to take. I have mention- 

1 Kilby's Letters. Family papers. 

2 In one of Bums's letters, he writes thus, of Dalrymple : " I have met in Mr. Dalrym- 
ple, of Orangefield, what Solomon emphatically calls, ' a friend that sticketh closer than a 

3 Burke's Peerage and Landed Gentry, 

4 John Henry Bastide, royal engineer for Nova-Scotia. In April, 1745, Massachusetts 
granted him £140 for his services in the repairs of the forts in this province. He was 
made director of engineers in 1748, and afterward raised to the rank of major-general. 

_ To the gi\^ndchildren of Susanna Cunningham, above named, I am indebted for pel-mis- 
sion to examine letters and family ]iapers in their possession relating to the subject of this 
memoir. I am also indebted to Charles L. Hancock, Esq., for information contained ip 
letters of Kilby and others, in his possession. 

48 Chrisiojphcr Kilby, of Boston. [January, 

ed you to most of the Staff OflScers on this Expedition.^ Mr. Abercrombie,- who is 
Muster Master General, having directions to you in his Pocket-book, and if it ahoi^d 
be necessary will introduce you to the General,^ to whom indeed you'll not need it, 
but apply to him as easy as possible with the use of my name, and I hope he will 
receive you as my best Friend. We have been often together since his return to 
Town, and I believe he has a good opinion of my services in recovering the Expedi- 
tion after it was laid aside. 

Pray do him all the service you can, and if you find it not inconvenient offer him 
a lodging in your house for a night or two, till he can be otherwise accommodated. 
His Power is great and may be useful to you , he is honest open and undissembling ; 
you'll like him very well on increasing your acquaintance. 

Belcher* has got the Government of the Jerseys ; it was done by Duke of New- 
castle yesterday which neither Dr. Avery* nor I expected two days before. I have 
not seen the Dr. since the appointment, nor shall till his return to Town on Tuseday 
next. The vessel that brought the News from Boston, was several days below be- 
fore her bag of Letters came up, and its said the Advice was sent in the mean time 
to Belcher's Friends. It's a shocking affair, and must destroy any favorable opinion 
entertained of the Duke of Newcastle by the People of the Colonies ; and I am of 
opinion it will lessen Gov'r Shirley's Influence in his own and in the Neighboring 
Governments. There is a very worthy set of people in the Jerseys that it will most 
fatally prejudice. I fear they have been almost ruined by Law without a possibility 
of getting so far thro' it as to have an appeal home, and I am mistaken if some of 
them have not defiended their possessions by fire and sword ; they will be in fine 
hands under Belcher, who is to be the Tool of the Quakers, as they are one 
would imagine of Satan. Some time past this seemed to be allotted for me^ by the 
desire of the Gentlemen who came from thence who had enfra'^ed Dr. Avery's Inter- 
est to perfect it, and it was mentioned to, and approved of [by] the Duke of Newcastle. 
The vacancy has at last happened wlien it was im])ossible for me to accept it, and 
after consulting the Doctor we had laid a Plan for keeping the appointment off till 
we could hear from our Friends, which neither he nor I have done by the ships that 
bring the News of Morris's ^ death, nor had many months before. But the Duke^ 
differing in this Instance from every other circumstance of this sort during liis Ad- 
ministration, has tix't the thing in the greatest hurry (on some other motive cer- 
tainly, than the Interest of the Quakers). As tlie thing concerns myself I am in 
no pain not having been defeated ; but as it may be hurtful to the honest people 
who are to fall under his Government and will stagger and discountenance the very 
best people in our own and the neighboring Colonies, it gives me much concern. 
This Letter must be broke off here to go to Portsmouth where the Ships tarry, and 
[ifj anything occurs I shall back it by another, being 

• Dear Sir, 

Your most sincere Friend and obliged huml^le Servant, 

To Chris. Kilby. 

Mr. Thomas Hancock, 

Merchant in Boston. 

1 This expedition was designed to proceed against Canada. A squadron under Admiral 
Warren was to go to Quebec by waj^ of the St. Lawrence, and a land force to Montreal by 
way of Albany under the command of Gen. St. Clair. The English troops collected at 
Portsmouth, Eng., and sailed several times, but returned. They finally sailed for France, 
and the Canada expedition was abandoned. Kilby's letter indicates that they were to come 
to Boston ; at least the principal officers. 

2 Gen. James Abercrombie ; he was next in command to the Earl of Loudoun in 1756 ; 
he commanded the English forces sent against Ticoudcroga in 1758. 

3 Lieut. Gen. James St. Clair. 

4 Jonathan Belcher, provincial governor of Massachusetts from 1730 to 1741. 

^ Dr. Benjamin Avery, a man of the greatest influence at court about this time. 

6 Provincial governor of New-Jersey. Kilby's aspirations were not behind those of 
other Massachusetts agents, who always aspired for royal appointments as soon as they 
got fairly Anglicized. 

' Lewis Morris, ancestor of a verv^ distinguished family, was chief-justice of New- York, 
and afterward governor of New-Jersey. He died May 21, 1746. 

8 Duke of Newcastle, minister of British America, from 1724 to 1748. " Newcastle was 
of so fickle a head, and so treacherous a heart that Walpole called his name ' Perfidy.' " 
— Bancroft's History. 



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1872.] Record-BooJc of the First Church In Charlestown, 


— Page 













































'eer: & 




























































OL. X3 


223 (concluded from voL xxv. page 344 in Register 

[Rebeckah] y^ daughter of Benjamin Lathrop & 

[Martha his wife. 
[Katharine] y^ daughter of Elifabeth Wyer. — 
[nathaneel] y^ fon of Thomas Brigden & his wife 
[Sarai] y^ daughter of m*" Jofeph Lynd, & Sarai his 

[Henry] y^ fon of Hannah perkins. i 
[John] y6 fon of Hannah perkins. > — — 
[Luke] the fon of Hannah perkins. 3 
[William] the fon of — — ^ 
[Hannah] the daughter of — > Hannah Hurry — 
[Temperance] y^ daughter of) 
[Mary] y^ daughter of Daniel Edmunds — — 

[Richard] ? twins, ye children of bro : William 
[Hannah] J Crouch. — — — — — — 

[Luke] the fon of Hannah perkins. — — — 
[Deborah] the daughter of mr Jonathan Wade & 

[Deborah his wife — 
[Elizabeth] the daughter of m'' Jno Chickring & 

[Elifabeth his wife. 
[Joanna] ye daughter of bro : Edward Wilfon & 

[Mary his wife. 
[Abigail] ye daughter of o^ bro : m^" Laurence 


— Page 224. — 
^ The Baptized. ? 

[John] the fon of bro : Abraham Smith. — — 
[Sarai] the daughter of o^' fifter Rebeckah Jenner 
[Thomas] the son of Capt : John Allen & Sarai his 

i ^ _ [wife 

[John] ? y6 children of John Knight, & Abigail 
[Abigail] ^ his wife 

[Alice] y« daughter of o^" fifter Mary Ridgeway 
[John] the Son of our fifter Hannah Hurry. — 

i[Rebekah] ye daughter of o*" bro : Brazier. — 
[Anne] y^ daughter of o*" fifter Anne Taylor — 
[Elkanah] ye fon of bro : Thomas Welsh — — 


I [Deborah] y^ daughter of m'" Will : Fofter & Anne 
I [his wife. 

;[Parnel] y^ daughter of Mary Winflow. — — 
i [Thomas] y^ fon of o^" fifter Mary AVebb — — 
i [Nathaneel] ye fon of bro : William Clough — 
I [Mercy] ye daughter of bro : mr Juo Chickring 
![John] the fon of o^" fifter Plannah Griffin — 
[Mary] ye daughter of m^s Martha March — — 

f 'w-T^^' } \ the children of o^ bro : Thomas White 
[William] ^ ^ 

[William] ye fon of o^ bro : peter Frothingham 

r\?- \" 1-1 ? ye children of o'^ bro : John Lowden 
[UicliardJ ^ •' 

[James] ye fon of m'" James Rufsell, & Mabel his wife 

[Jofeph] ye fon of m*" Jacob (ireen & Mary his wife 

[Mary] ye daughter of o"" bro : Nathaneel Rand 


) - 










Allen : 





Foster : 

Winflow : 













yeer. & 


















1 < 












• 6. 












6 : 



Record-Book of the First Chircli in Charlestown, [January, | 
^ The Baptized. ? __ p^^^ 225. — . 

Robert] y^ fon of bro : Tho : Rand — — — 

William!*. \ *'^® children of o'' fifter Sarai Smith. 
John] — ^ 

Anna] — > the children of o^" fifter Anna Fowl. 
Elifabeth] ) 

John] the fon of William Hilton, & Mehetabel his 

Nathaneel] ye fon of G : Elifabeth Wyer — — 
Sufanna] ye daughter of m^^ Sufanna Goofe — 
Zechariah.] "j 

AF^'^^-n — ^ ye children of m^'s Sarai Long 

Ralph.] ; 
Mary.] [ 
Hannah.] ; 
Sarai.] ) 

Zechary] ye fon of o'' fifter Anna Fowl. — — 
Andrew] y^ fon of o"^ bro : Jn^ Lowden junio^ & 

[Sarai his wife 
Samuel] y^ fon of o'" fifter Mary King. — — 
Mary] y^ daughter of bro : Abraham Smith — 
Nathaneel] y*-" fon of bro : Nathaneel Rand — 
Elifabeth] ye daughter of bro : Thomas Lord, & 

[Alice his wife. 
[Mehetabel] the daughter of bro : Jn^ : Call — 

y® children of Tho : Moufal, & IMary 

[his wife 

ye children of 0^ fifter Grace Sheppy 











yeer & 




































The Baptized. ? -n 00^ 

^ > — Pafrc 226. 

James] ? the children of Or fifter m^s Mary 

Hannah] ^ [RidgewayjRidgeway. 

Abigail] the 

child of ml" Jno Long, 

& Abigail his 

Eleezar] the fon of bro : Laurence Dowfe — 
Margaret] ye daughter of m^ Joseph Lynd — 
William] y^ fon of bro : Nathaneel Hutchinfon & 

[Sarai his wife. 
Jofeph] ? (twins) y^ children of Tho : Moufal, 
Benjamin] ^ & Mary his wife — — — — 

Nathan] ye fon of m^ Nathan Ranf ford, & Mary 

[his wife 
John.] y^ fon of y^ widdow Sarai powel — • — 
Samuel.] y^ fon of Thomas, & Rebekah Jenner. 
Elifabeth] ye daughter of Lule, & Hannah perkins 
Matthew] ye fon of Hannah Hurry, — — — 
John] ye fon of Litft : Laurence Hammond. — 
Perf is] ye daughter of bro : Jno. Knight & perf is 

[his wife. 
[John] ye fon of m^^ william Goofe & fufanna his 















1872.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, 





























— Page 226 (concluded.) — 

[prudence] ye daughter of Jonathan Wade &Wade. 

[Debora his wife.] 
[Jonathan] ye fon of Daniel Edmunds & Mary his Edmunds. 

[John] ye fon of Grace Sheppy — — — — Sheppy. 
[Ruth] ye daughter of Jofhua & Elifabeth Edmunds Edmunds. 
[Jofeph] ye fon of Will : Crouch & ... his wifejCrouch: 
[Samuel] ye fon of mary pettiford: bro:Baker'3^daughter petti ford : 
[Abigail] ye daughter of Thomas Orton & his Orton. 

[John] ye fon of Henry & Elifabeth Balcom — Balcom, 
[Samuel] ye fon of Thomas White & Mary his wife : White 
[Katharine] ye daughter of Edward Wilfon, & Mary Wilfon : 

[his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of bro : Jno Cutler & his wife Cutler. 

yeer, & 










ii : 









[Samuel] | & [Thomas] | & [Joseph] | & [Jona- 
than] I & [John] ] [Mary] | & [Elifabeth] & 

[perfif ] ye children of bro : Samuel pierce & 

of Mary his wife 

[Mabel] ye daughter of o^ bro : m'' James Rufsell & 

[Mabel his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of o'^ f ifter m^^ Mary Ilanfford 
[Edmund] ye fon of bro : Thomas Rand & Sarai his 

[wife : 
[John] ) y® children of [blot] peter Fowl, & Mary 

T]S '■■ " 






'he Baptized. ) p 



[his wife. 

[Nathaneel] the fon of Nathaneel Cutler. — — 
[Sufaima] the daughter of Joseph Frost. — — 
[Richard] the fon of Joseph Kettle & Hannah his 

[Mary] ye daughter of Samuel Kettle — — — 
[Abigail] ye daughter of Samuel pierce, & Mary 

[his wife. 
[Johathan] ye fon of Matthew Griffin, & Hannah 

[his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of John Fowl, & Anna his wife. 
[Margaret] ye daughter of Nath : Hutchinfon, & 

[Sarai his wife. 
[Abraham] | [Giles] | [Richard] | [John] | [Mary] 
I ye children of Giles Fifield — — — — 

pierce. '^ 












yeer & 


Sh: 4 








$ The Baptized. ? _ p^^^ 228. - 

[Abigail] ye daughter of m*"^ Catharine philips philips. 
[John] ye fon of o"" f ifter Hannah perkins — perkins. 
[Samuef] [Ebenezer] | [Abigail] | [Ilichard] | 
[Jofeph] [Benjamin] | y'' children of Richard Asting.' 

[Asting & Abigail his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of Solomon phips, & marv his'Pliips. 


• Ei;?lit lines in the ori^'inal. ^ pive lines in the ori;?inal. ^ Six lines in the ori^'inal. 


Record-Boole of the First Church in Charlestown. [January, 






































— Page 228 (concluded.) — 
[Ruth] ye daughter of Ruth Knill — — _ — 
[Ifaac] y^ fon of mary Winf low — — — 
[Mary] y^ daughter of John Knight — — — 
[John] y^ fon of m^ John Chickring & Elifabeth his 

[Jane] ye daughter of Cap^ Lawrence Hammond 

[& Abigail his wife 
[Samuel] y^ fon of bro : Nathaneel Rand — 
[Richard] y^ fon of William Hilton & Mehitabel his 

^ [Jofeph] ? (twins) y^ children of Thomas 
\ [Benjamin] ^ Lord, & Alice his wife. — — 
[Mary] ye daughter of m^ Thomas Rufsell, & 

[prudence his wife. 
[Caleb] ye fon of bro : John Call, & Hannah his wife. 
[Elifabeth] ye daughter of John Roy, & Elifabeth 

[his wife. 
[Deborah] y® daughter ofm^Zechary Long, & Sarai 

[his wife — 
[John] ye fon of m'" Elias Roe, & Rebekah his wife 
[Richard] ye fon of Thomas Sheppy & Grace his wife 
[Ruth] ye daughter of bro : Samuel Frothingham & 

[Ruth his wife. 
[Timothy] y® fon of Thomas Brigden — — — 
[Mercy] ye daughter of o"" f ifter Martha Lathrop. 












yeer & 




























The Baptized. 

Pajre 229. — 

[Jonathan] the fon of Thomas Welsh & of — his wife 

[Ruhamah] ye daughter of Elifabeth Wire — 

C Sarah * ^ 

< Rebekah. > ye 3 daughters, born at one birth, of 

( Rachel. 3 Hannah Hurry. 

[Mary] ye daughter of Jn^ Lowden junio^, & Sarai 

[his wife 
[Esther] ye daughter of Joseph Kettle & Hannah 

[his wife 
[Mary] ye daughter of Nathaneel Frothingham & 

[Mary his wife 
[Mary] ye daughter of m'-s Elifabeth Tuck. — — 
[John] the fon of Thomas & Sarai Smith — 
[Elenoe] ye daughter \ \ ' \ ^^ Thomas & 
[Elifabeth] ye daughter \ ^ Rebekah Jenner 

[Joseph] ye fon of Jofeph Frost & Hannah his wife 
[Sarah] ye daughter of m^s Abigal Long — — 

[Sarah] ye daughter of m^^ Rldgeway — — 
[Jofeph] ye fon of Nathaneel Cutler & of Elifabeth 

[his wife 
[William] ye fon of William Dady & Martha his wife 
[Thomas] ye fon of Tho : Taylor & Anne his wife. 
[John.] I [Thomas.] | [Jofeph.] | & [Benjamin] 
ye children of Mary Whittamore ^ — — — — 
[Edward] ye fon of bro : Edward Willfon & Mary 

[his wife. 
[Samuel] ye fon of Thomas Moufal, & Mary his wife. 

Christian names (Whittamore) four lines. 














1872.] Record-Book of the First Church in Cliarlestown. 






— Page 229 (concluded.) — 

30. [[William] ? ^^^ children of Mehitabel Wellsted IWellsted. 
& [J amesj ^ j 

21. |[Jofeph] the fon of Thomas Lynd & Sarah his wifeiLvnd. 

&. [Anna] the daughter of peter Frothinghain & Mary Frothlnjr- 

I [his wife [ham 

18 : [[Xicolaus] y^ fon of Hannah Trerice Trerice. 







































The Baptized. } p ^ 


John & Hannah Trerice 

[John] y^ fon of — — ? 
[Hannah] y^ daughter of ^ 
[Dorothie] y^ daughter of John & Hannah Edmunds. 
[Katharine] y*^ Daughter of m>" Jn" philips & 

[Katharine his wife 
[Xathaneel] y® fon of Xathaneel Frothingham, & 

[Hannah] ye 
[William] ye 
[Katharine] y* 

[Mary his wife 
daughter of peter Fowl, & Mary his 

fon of Richard Astinf]!: & Abifrail his 

e daughter of m'" Jonathan Wade & 
[Deborah his wife 
[John] y® fon of John Edmunds, & of Hannah his 

[John] ye fon of Xathaneel Rand & of Mary his wife 
[Samuel] ye fon of Josiah Wood, & of Lydia his 

[Samuel] y^ fon of m"* King & of Mary his wife. 
[Ralph] ye fon of Daniel Edmunds, & of Mary his 

[Anne] y® daughter of m*^ Jno Chlckring, & of 

[Elifabeth his wife. 
[Hannah] ye daughter of Samuel pierce, & of Mary 

his wife. 

f.v™'!"''' ( ^^ children of m^ Mary Marshall. 
[Rebekah] ye daughter of m'"^ Rebekah Jones. — 
[Sarai] ye daughter of Jn"Fowl, & of Anna his wife. 
[Hannah] ye daughter of Thomas Rand, & Sarai 

[his wife : 

[Elifabeth] y^ daughter of Thomas White & of Mary 

[his wife. 

[Richard] ye fon of m''* James Rufsell & of Mabel 

[his wife. 

[Perfis] ye daughter of bro : John Knight. — 

[Thoinasl ye fon of m"^ Thomas Rufsell & of prudence 

ri • •/■ 
[Ins wile 

[Mehetabel] ye daughter of mf-^ ]\Iehetabel Wellfted. 

[Ebenezer] ye fon of bro : Thomas Welsh — — 


Edmunds. • 









Marf hall : 





Rufsell : 




yeer & 








Vol. XXVI. 

J The Baptized. 

Page 231 — 

[Jofeph] ye fon of Thomas Lord & Alice his wife. jLord. 
[Nicholas] ye fon of ni^" Joseph Lynd & Sarah his. Lynd. 

[wife. I 



Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown. [Januarj; 



































2 : 







— Page 231 (concluded.) 

Ellfabeth] y® daughter of Captain L. Hammond, 

[& Abig^ his wife 
John] Ye fon of Benjamin Lathrop, & of Martha 

[his wife. 
James] ye fon of m^ James Elfon & of Sarai his wife 
Abraham] y^ fon of Luke perkins & Hannah his 

Katherine] y^ daugh^ of m^" Hunting of ye c'^ oi 

Elifabeth] the daughter of Henry, & Klifabeth 

Richard] y^ fon of Thomas & Grace Sheppy. — 
Elifabeth] y^ daughter of m^ Thomas Tuck, & 

[Elifabeth his wife 
Samuel] ye fon of Xathaneel Hutchinfon, & Sarai 

[his wife : 
Sarai] y® daughter of Matthew & Hannah Grillin. 
Hannah] y® daughter of Joseph Kettle & Hannali 

[his wife. 
Abigail] y® daughter of AVilliam Dady, & Martha 

[his wife. 
Eleazar] ye fon of Edward Wier & Elifabeth his 

Elias] ye fon of Tho : Brigden — — — — 
Rebekah] ye daughter of Will Hurrie, & Hannah 

[his w. 
Francis] ye fon of m*" Nehemiah Willoughby & 

[Abigail his wife. 
Solomon] ye fon of Jn*' Roy & Elifabeth his wife. 

John] ye fon of m'' Jn« philips & Katharine his wife. 
Elifabeth] ye daughter of m*" Jn^ Chiekring, & of 

[Elifabeth his wife. 

Katharine] y® daughter of my coufen m'' Nathaneel 

Graves & of Elifiibeth his wife — — — 

Stephen] ye fon of Joseph Frost, & of Hannah his 

Nathaneel] y® fon of John, & Mary Whittamore 

[his wife. 




Hunting. — 









Cliickrin2 : 




3'eer & 



























The Baptized. — Page 232 — 

[Elifabeth]ye wife' of John Fofket ^ 

[John]— ^ 

[Thomas] ^j^^ ^^.^^^^^ of > , ^ , , 

[f{J^^^^ 1^ John Fosket & of < ^ ^'''^^^' 

[EUfa'bethl Elifabeth his wife ) 

[MarvJ — J 

[John] the fon of m"" Will : Marf ha'l, & of Mary Marf hal : 

[his wile 
[Charles] ye fon of Coufe Will : Hilton, & of Mehe- Hilton. 

-tabel his wife. — — — 
[Elifabeth] ye daughter of Richard Asting, & Abigail Asting. 

[his wife 
[peter] ye fon of peter Fowl, & of Mary his wife.|FowL 

[To be continued.] 

1872.] Local Law in Massac kiiselts. 65 



[Communicated by William Chatjncey Fowler, LL.D., of Durham, Conn.] 

Continued from vol. xxv. page 351. 

Taxation and Local Law. 

Massachusetts believed that taxation and representation were insepa- 
rable ; that taxation without representation is tyranny ; and that as the 
colony was not represented in parliament the mother country had no right 
to impose taxes upon the people of the colony. 

*' In November, 1703, in answer to the governor's message, the house declared, 
' that it had been the privilege from Henry the third, and confirmed by Edward the 
first, and in all reigns unto this day, granted and now is allowed, to be the just and 
unquestionable right of the subject, to raise when and dispose of how^ they see 
cause, any sum of money by consent of parliament ; the which privilege we her ma- 
jesty'' s loyal and dutiful subjects here have lived in the enjoyment of, and do hope 
always to enjoy the same, under our most gracious Queen Anne and successors, and 
shall ever endeavor to discharge the duty incumbent on us.' " 

Apprehensive that the British cabinet still contemplated raising money 
in America, by act of parliament, the general court of Massachusetts, in 
November, 1755, instructed their agent in London " to oppose anything 
that should have the remotest tendency to raise a revenue in the plantations, 
for the public use or services of government. 

They were willing to be taxed by local laws enacted by their own legis- 
lature in which they were represented, but they were not willing to be taxed 
by the imperial laws of England enacted by parliament in which they were 
not represented. 

The Relations of the Clergy to Local Law. 

In the colony of Massachusetts Bay the right of suffrage was enjoyed 
only by church members. As the clergy practically had the power to de- 
termine who should be members of the church, they thus had the power to 
determine who should enjoy the right of suffrage and who should make the 
laws. Thus the clergy virtually, by means of the members of their churches, 
enacted the laws of the colony, and determined the mode of their adminis- 
tration, or their repeal. 

From the letter of Governor Winthrop on the formation of the New- 
England confederacy, and from other facts, we learn that the clergy took 
an active part in the colonial legislation, especially in that portion of it 
which related to religious concerns. The clergy were personally and 
professionally interested to impart such vigor to the local legislation of the 
colony, as should protect them from the interference of the parliament and 
the bishops. In other words, under the first charter in the ecclesiastical 
and civil polity of the colony, the general court made the laws, the members 
of the church made the generat court, and the clergy made the members of 
the church. To the influence of the clergy has been attributed the enact- 
ment of those local laws under which E})iscopalians, Baptists, Quakers, and 
other denominations were persecuted. It is remarkable when complaints 
in the name of the king came against the colony for allowing only members 
of the puritan church to vote, the general court was ready, from fear of 
losing their charter, to extend the right of suffrage to all of a " good moral 

56 Local Law in Massachusetts, [January, 

character;" and yet they professed to give to the clergy the power of 
determining who had this "good moral character;" thus practically still 
leaving to the clergy the right to say who should be voters. Thus in the 
committee appointed by the general court to make a draught of the funda- 
mental laws of the colony, Rev. Hugh Peter, Rev. John Cotton, and Rev. 
Thomas Shepard, were members. Thus, too, in 1662, Rev. John Norton 
with Simon Bradstreet, a leading man in the colony, were sent to England 
on the important mission to settle the difficulties which had arisen between 
the colony and the mother country. 

Thus, too, in 1688 the Rev. Increase Mather was sent to England, where 
he was instrumental in procuring the provincial charter under which Ply- 
mouth and Massachusetts were united. 

The puritan clergy of Massachusetts had all that influence throughout 
the colony which their brethren, the puritan clergy of England, had in their 
several congregations, as described by Macaulay in his History of England, 
by Addison in the 317th number of the Spectator, and fey Sir John Haw- 
kins in his Life of Johnson. This influence they exerted in promoting the 
enactment of the local laws. 

The Relation of their Local Laws to the Bible. 

The present version of the Bible authorized by King James was publish- 
ed in 1611. It was read with the greatest enthusiasm by many of the 
puritans, who regarded it as containing the sum of all earthly and all hea- 
venly wisdom. The puritans of Massachusetts Bay were ready to run a 
parallel between their own experience and that of the Israelites. They had 
their own Pharaoh, their own houseof bondage, their own sea, their own wil- 
derness, their own Canaanites to contend with, and their own Moses and 
Aaron. And they were willing to assimilate themselves to the Israelites by 
adopting a portion of their code of laws. 

Tliey did not stop to consider that these laws were made for a peculiar 
people of a different race, in a different age of the world, and living on a 
different part of the globe ; but they only thought them as made for a 
chosen people of God by God, the great Legislator. It was afterward 
found on experience and observation that some of these laws were better 
adapted to a race like the Hebrews, who were to be kept apart from the 
rest of the world, than for an Aryan race, like these Anglo-Saxons who 
were destined to become the "universal Yankee nation." 


The stamp-act was passed by the British parliament in 1765. The 
measure was defended by Grenville, by the following arguments : 

" That this kingdom has the sovereign, the supreme legislative power over Ame- 
rica, is granted ; it cannot be denied*; and taxation is a part of that sovereign power. 
It is one branch of the legislation. It is, it has been, exercised over those who are 

not, wiio never were, represented ' When I proposed to tax America, I 

asked the house if any gentleman would object to the right. I repeatedly asked it ; 
and no man would attempt to deny it. Protection and obedience are reciprocal. 

Great Britain protects America ; America is bound to yield obedience The 

nation has run itself into an immense debt to give them protection ; and now when 
they are culled upon to contribute a small sum toward the public expense, or ex- 
pense arising from themselves, they renounce your authority, insult your officers and 
break out, 1 might almost say, into open rebellion.' " 

But these arguments did not satisfy the general court and the people of 
Massachusetts. They stood upon their rights in refusing to pay the stamp- 
duty, as Englishmen under the British (institution. Their declaration was, 

1872.] Local Law in Massachusetts, 57 

that taxation without representation is contrary to that constitution, and was 
therefore tyranny, and ought to be resisted. Parliament called this resist- 
ance rebellion ; but they believed that an unconstitutional law is null, and that 
resistance to such a law is obedience to God, and justified by the British con- 

Such was the opposition to the stamp-act, that Oliver, the stamp-mas- 
ter, was hung in Q^gj, and Governor Hutchinson's house was attacked, 
because he was supposed to be in favor of the act. The stamp-act was repeal- 
ed in 17GG. Thus Massachusetts contended successfully for her colonial 
rights and local laws. 

External Taxes. 

In 1767, parliament laid a duty on tea, paper, glass, and other articles, 
that thus by an external tax, under the conceded right to regulate com- 
merce, it might accomplish what it failed to accomplish by an internal 
tax under the stamp-act. The colony had hitherto submitted to the 
exaction of an external tax in the shape of a duty on imported goods. 
But knowing well what was the animus of parliament in passing the 
law, there was the same opposition to it as to the stamp-act. " We 
will," they sit'd, '• form an association to eat nothing, drink nothing, 
wear nothing im[)orted from Great Britain. If our opposition to slavery 
is called rebellion, let us pursue our duty with firmness, and leave the worst 
to Heaven." An external tax they regarded as making them slaves if they 
submitted to it, and hence they resisted it. 

When Dr. Franklin, in December, 1774, drew up a plan for settling the 
difficulties between Great Britain and the colonies, one of the conditions 
proposed by him, and regarded by Massachusetts as indispensable, was, 
" that all power of internal legislation should be disclaimed by parliament." 
This was declared by high British authority to be " inadmissible." Still 
Massachusetts persistently asserted her right to manage her own internal 
concerns without the interference of Great Britain. Hutchinson, the royal 
governor, claimed supremacy for parliament in all cases whatever. This 
claim Massachusetts resisted, from their strong attachment to their local laws, 

The right of Self-Government. 

In 1640, Winthrop, page 30, vol. ii., remarks : 

** Upon the ^reat liberty which the King had left the Parliament in England» 
some of our friends then wrote to us advice, to send over Bome to solicit for us in 
Parliament, giving us hope that we might obtain much. But consulting about it, 
we declined the motion for this consideration, that if we should put ourselves under 
the protection of Parliament; we must then be subject to all such laws as they should 
make, or at least such as they might impose upon us^" 

Upon this passage, transcribed for his letter to Baron Van der Capellan, 
a distinguished Dutch statesman, in 1779, Gt)vernor Trumbull, one of the 
most deliberate assertors of the American revolution, and then custodian of 
the first two manuscript volumes of this history, remarks : 

*' Here observe, that, as at this time, so it hath been ever since, that the colonies, 
so far from acknowledging the parliament to have any right to make laws binding 
on them in all cases whatsoever, they have denied it in any case." 

Chalmers speaks of Massachusetts as " always fertile in projects of inde- 
pendence." " Disregarding equally her charter and the laws of England, 
Massachusetts established for herself an independent government similar to 
those of the Grecian republics" (Book I. page 400). It appeared more 
rational to them (the colonists), that the colony should be governed by 
those who made it the place of their residence, than by men dwelling at the 



58 Local Law in Massachusetts, [January, 

distance of three thousand miles, over whom they had no control. The 
object was self-government under their own local laws. 

Civil surERioR to Military Authority. 

In 1757, Lord Loudon, in view of a certain act of the general court of 
Massachusetts, made the declaration that " in time of war the rules and 
customs of war must govern." Tliis declaration was brought before tlie f 
general court and condemned in a message wliich it sent to the governor, in 
which it declares that " the rules and customs of war were not the rules 
which the civil maijistrate was to jrovern himself bv." Thus ^lassachusetts 
took ground against military despotism, and in favor of the supremacy of 
civil law over military rules, and of civil rulers over military despots. 

In 1769, the house of representatives, when the governor (appointed by 
the crown) refused at their request to remove the troops from the town of J 
Boston, declared : * 

" That the use of the military power, to enforce the execution of the law, is, in 
their ojjinion, inconpistent with the spirit of a fri'C constitution ; li)r by the nature 
of a free constitution, the people must consent to laws before tliey can be obliged in 
consequence to obey them." 

Moiis OPPOSED TO Imperial Law. 

The determination of Massachusetts to support her colony-rights against 
the power of parliament and the prerogative of the king, is evident from 
the speeches of the leading orators ; from the sermons of heading j)rt*a('hers : 
from pa!nj)hlets and newspapers. With these the temper of the people w | 
in harmony, as shown by the mobs which rose against the laws, and ^' 

oflicers, and the proj)erty of the liritish government. Witness the nv' •i 

hung up Oliver in etligy ; the mob that burned tlie records of the atli , 

court ; the mob that attacked the liouse of Governor llut^^hinson, a i^ 

Btroycd his furniture, and scattered his plate and books and paj)er i 

mob that pehed the olhcers of customs with stones and bricks ; th ■ 

that tarred and feathered one who gave information against the breakn.^ 
the acts of trade passed by parliament; tlie mob that rose in o|>position ^ 
the soldiers ; the mob that threw the tea overboard. Tliese mol)s were 
symptomatic of the s])irit that pervaded Massachusetts in opposition to 
parliament and prerogative, and the defence of colony-rights and local laws. \ 
The Supremacy of Local Law asserted. 

Certain violations of the colon v-rifrhts and local laws are mentioned in tlic 

* ... ' 

report of a Boston committee, November 22d, namely, the imposition by j 

parliament of taxes without the consent of the peo})le ; the ai>pointment of * 

officers unknown to the char^r, supported by the income dey ved from such 

taxes ; the introduction of fleets and armies to compel obedience to uncon- ^ 

stitutional laws ; the extension of the powers of the court of admiralty ; the ij 

act relating to dock -yards and stores, which deprived the people of the right "§] 

of trial by their peers in the vicinage, and the assumption of absolute legis- ^ 

lative powers. ci 

Massachusetts claimed for her people, as men, as colonists, as subjects of ^ 

the crown, the right to life, liberty, and property ; the sole right to manage |f 

their internal institutions and concerns ; the sole right of raising money 

from themselves by taxation ; the right of being tried by their peers in the 

vicinage ; the right of freely discussing public measures ; the right of being 

governed by the civil as superior to the military power ; the right of being v 

free from unreasonable searches, which was violated by the writs of assistance. ? 

These and other rights having been violated by the British parliament or 

1872.1 Local Law in Massachusetts, 

-' 61 

British king, Massachusetts was ready to declare herself a free^ 
and independent state. 

. The Supremacy of Local Law maintained. 

For something like a year before July 4, 1776, Massachusetts, sta 
on her colony-rights, enjoyed a virtual independence. The supremacy 
her local laws she was prepared to maintain. 

And in April, 1776, the general court passed a resolve to alter the style 
of writs and other legal processes, substituting the " people and govern- 
ment of Massachusetts " for " George the Third." Thus Massachusetts, in 
asserting and maintaining the supremacy of the local law, was the first of 
the " old thirteen " states independent. Thus was she fully prepared to 
make a public and formal declaration by her delegates Samuel Adams, 
John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry, that Massachusetts 
" was, and of right ought to be, a free and independent state ; that she was 
absolved from all allegiance to the British crown." After a seven years' 
war in defence of the right to be governed by her own local laws, by treaty 
with Great Britain she was acknowledged " a free, sovereign, and indepen- 
dent state," in which her own local laws were supreme. Thus Massachu- 
setts having contended strenuously from 1628 until 1776 for colony-rights, 
and local law, was prepared, when she became a sovereign state, having the 
right to command, to contend strenuously for state-rights and local law. 
Acting in concert with the other states, she, before the world, vindicated the 
right of the people of Massachusetts to abolish a government when in her 
opinion it becomes destructive of the ends for which it was established, and 
establish such a form of government as she shall judge best. 

Massachusetts a Sovereign State. 

Massachusetts in 1776, having become a free, sovereign and independent 
state, proceeded to exercise its sovereignty or right of command. She 
raised troops ; made war ; laid taxes ; established a mint, and coined money ; 
required the oath of allegiance ; enacted laws against treason ; punished 
such as continued loyal to Great Britain. These principles she incorporated 
in her constitution in 1780, in which she declared herself a sovereign state. 

Articles of Confederation. 

When the continental congress in November, 1777, "agreed upon a plan 
of confederacy, securing the freedom, sovereignty, and independence of the 
(several) United States," and sent it, under the title of " Articles of Con- 
federation," to the several state legislatures, Massachusetts, by the act of 
her legislature, readily adopted it. In the second article of that compact 
are the following words : " Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and 
independence." These Massachusetts had contended for successfully, in 
the halls of legislation, and on the battle-field, and these she retained. 

In February, 1787, the subject of a convention for revising the articles 
of confederation being under consideration in the congress, Nathan 
Dane, of Massachusetts, opposed the movement. " He was at bottom un- 
friendly to the plan of a convention, and dissuaded his state from going into 
it." (Eliott's Debates, vol. v. 196.) 

Convention for forming a new Federal Constitution. 

March 11, 1787. " Massachusetts has also appointed (delegates to the 
convention). Messrs. Gorham, Dane, King, Gerry, and Strong, compose 
her deputation." The resolution under which they act, restrains them from 
acceding to any departure from the principles of the fifth article of con- 


Local Law in Massacliusctts, [January, 

J" i. f i.T^. It is conjectured that tliis fetter, which originated with the 

, . , a be struck off. Its beinor introduced at all denotes a very differ- 

^ J, in that quarter, from what some had been led to expect. The 

tide, which the legislature of Massachusetts was unwilling to have 

In I'^dj is as follows : — 

Mass-''pQj. ti^g more convenient management of the general interests of the United 

cus/tates, delegates shall be annually appointed in such manner as the legislature of 

f^ each state shall direct, to meet in congress on the first Monday in November, in every 

year, with a power reserved to each state to recall its delegates, or any of them, at 

any time within the year, and to send others in their stead for the remainder of 

the year. 

" No state shall be represented in congress bj' less than two, nor by more than seven 
members ; and no person shall be capable of being a delegate for more than three 
years in any term of six j^ears ; nor shall any person, being a delegate, be capable 
of holding any office under the United States, for which he, or another for his bene- 
fit, receives any salary, fees, or emoluments uf any kind. 

" Each state shall maintain its own delegates in a meeting of the states, and while 
they act as meriibers of the committee of the states. 

" In determining questions in the United States in congress assembled, each 
Btate shall have one vote. 

*' Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be impeached or questioned 
in any court or place out of coni^ret^s ; and the meml)ers of compress yhall be protected 
in their persons from arrests and imprisonment, during the time of their going to and 
from attendance on congress, except for treason, felony, or breach of peace." 

This article is a very strong assertion of tlie doctrine of state-rights and of 
the high estimate of the people of Massachusetts of the value of local laws. 

The Federal Convention. 

The convention for altering the federal constitution, namely, tlie articles 
of confederation, assembled ^lay 2.3, 1787, and continued in session until 
September 17. On the subject of state-rights, the course of Massachusetts 
in that convention was not as distinct as that of Connecticut in favor, or as 
that of Virginia in opposition. She acted sometimes witli the larger states 
for the abridgment of tliose rights, and sometimes witli tlie smaller states 
for the preservation of those rights. On the great question, whether the 
states shall have an equal vote in the senate, the vote of Massachusetts was 
equally divided and thus lost. ^Ir. Gerry and Mr. Strong voted in the 
affirmative, Mr. Gorham and ^Ir. King in the negative. The reason why 
Mr. Gorham and Mr. King went against state-rights was, that they were 
willing that JNIassachusetts, Virginia and Pennsylvania, on account of their 
greater population, should be the leading states. Massachusetts in this way 
would have the pre-eminence in IS^ew-England in the senate, just as she 
wished to have the pre-eminence under the federal constitution of 1G13. 

On the question of giving to the federal government the power to issue 
paper money and making it a legal tender, Massachusetts was opposed to giv- 
ing this power and thus enlarging the power of the federal government. On 
the motion for striking out from the proposed constitution, " and emit bills 
of credit," Massachusetts with the majority voted in the affirmative, and 
probably for the same reason that influenced Connecticut and Virginia, as 
stated by Mr. Madison, namely : to " cut off all 'pretext for a paper currency, 
and particularly for making the bills a tender for public or private debts." 
Massachusetts had seen the evils of continental money, and she was unwil- 
ling to repeat those evils. She was prescient of the future, and was un- 
willing to give any authority to the federal government to issue bills and 

make them a legal tender. 

[To be continued.] 

1872.] Descendants of Col. Richard Lee, CI 


[Some time since a genealogy of the Lee Family of Virginia was published, mainly 
devoted to the English pedigree of the family. A critic in " The Nation," however, 
has pointed out not only that this English portion is unsupported by proof, but even 
that it is based on a fatal mistake. It is not the pedigree of the emigrant to Virginia. 
As the American part of the genealogy was very meagre, ^two of tlie descendants of 
Col. Richard Lee (C. F. Lee, Jr., Esq., of Alexandria, and Joseph Pacl^ard, Jr., 
Esq., of Baltimore) have prepared the following sketch, which we are happy to lay 
before our readers. It embraces five generations, counting the children of Richard 
Lee (who emigrated to Virginia in 1641) as the first generation. 

All possible care has been exercised in preparing this pedigree, and the names and 
dates are believed to be correct, being taken from family bibles, wills, tombstone 
inscriptions, old letters and other manuscripts. 

The compilers desire to obtain further authentic information preliminary to a more 
extended genealogy. — Ed.] 

1. Richard* Lee, emigrated to Virmnia in 1641 ; married Anna , 

and had children; following order given in his Will dated 1663 : 

i. John, d. unmarried. {Old Churches and Families, Vol. II.. p. 136. 
Bishop Meade.) 

2. ii. Richard. 
iii. Francis. — iv. William. 

3. V. Hancock. 
vi. Betsey. — vii. Anne. — viii. Charles. 

12. Richard,'* second son of Richard* Lee and Anna , born 1647; 

died March 12, 1714; married Lettice Corbin, daughter of Henry 
Corbin, gentleman. She died Oct. 6, 1706, aet 49. Children: 

4. i. Richard. 

5. ii. Philip. 

iii. Fr.^ncis, d. unmarried. This fact is mentioned in Wm. Lee's 
'statement, and confirmed by a sentence in Philip Lee's Will, who 
mentions some land in Gloucester Co. as being the property of his 
brother Francis, and which was bequeathed to him, in the event of 
the said Francis dying unmarried. This property Philip left to one 
of his sons, and hence the above conclusion. 

6. iv. Thomas. 

7. V. Henry, 

vi. Mary, m. Wm. Fitzhugh, of Eagle's Nest, King George Co., Va. 
( Old Churches and Families, A^ol. II., pp. 138, note, and 193.) 

3. Hancock,'^ fifth son. Twice married: first, Miss Kendall; second, 

Miss AJlerton. Died in 1729, and is buried at Ditchley, North- 
umberland Co., Ya. {Old Churches and Families, V^ol. IL, p. 136.) 

8. i. Hancock, son by Miss Kendall. 

4. Richard,^ eldest son of Richard Lee^ and Lettice Corbin, married a 

Miss Silk, of London, and children were : 

9. i. George. 

ii. Lettice, twice married : first, jMr. Ball ; second, Corbin ; issue. 

iii." Martha, m. Turberville. Issue. The eldest of these sisters married, 
and had d son called George Lee Turberville. 

Philip,^ second son. Twice married : first, ; second, Eliz- 
abeth . He went to Maryland in 1700, and died in 1744. The 

names of children given in order named in his AVill admitted to 
probate May 1, 1744; date of Will, March 20, 1743: 
YoL. XXVI. 6 

62 Descendants of CoL Richard Lee. [January, 

10. i. Richard. 

11. ii. Thomas. 

12. iii. Philip. 

iv. CoRBiN. No issue. 

13. V. Hancock. 

14. vi. Arthur. 

15. vii. Francis. 

16. viii. George. No issue. 

ix. Eleanor, m. Fendall ; d. April 22, 1759. 

X. Anne, wife of Jas. Russell, merchant, London ; also wife of Wm. 
Potts, grandmother of Geo. VV. Potts, Frederick, Md. 

xi. Alice, first husband Thomas Clark ; one child born from this marriage, 
a daughter, who married John Rogers, Chancellor of Maryland ; 
second husband, Meriwether Smith, of Va. Their son, Gov. Smith, 
was burnt in the Richmond Theatre in 1811. 

xii. Hannah, first husband Bowie : daughters were, Mrs. Bell, of Hagers- 

town, and Mrs. Taylor; second husband, Sprigg. Mrs. Ciias. 

Carroll, of Bellevae, one of the descendants. 

xiii. Peggy. 

xiv. Letitia, first husband Dr. James Wardrop ; second husband. Dr. 
Adam Thompson ; third, Col. Jos. Sims. By her first and third 
husbands she had no children : by her second marriage she had two 
daughters, Mary Lee and Alice Corbin, the first of whom married 
Col. Williams, of Maryland, and the second, Capt. John Hawkins, 
a distinguished officer in the Revolutionary Army, serving with the 
Virginia troops. 

XV. Eliza, d. Sept. 19, 1752, set. 22. (From a " mourning ring.") 

6. Thomas,^ fourth son, married Hannah Ludwell, granddaughter of 

Lady Berkeley, who married Col. Phil. Ludwell in 1G80. Died in 
1751. Date of Will, Feb. 22, 1749, and admitted to record July 
30,1751. In this IVill he styles himself, " President, and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the said Colony." Children : 

i. Richard, b. June 17, 1723 ; d. unmarried. 

17. ii. Philip Ludwell. 

iii. Hannah, b. Feb 6, 1727-8 ; m. Gawin Corbin, and had one daughter 
named Martha, who married George Richard Turberville, and had 
two sons. 
iv. John, b. March, 28, 1728 ; d. unmarried. 
v. Lucy, b. Sept. 26, 1730 ; d. unmarried. 
'18. vi. Thomas Ludwell. 

19. vii. Richard Henry. 

20. viii. Francis Lightfoot. 

ix. Alice, b. June 4, 1736 ; m. Wm. Shippen, Jr., Surgeon in Revolutionary 
Army, and had several children, of whom only two lived to be of age : 
i. Anne Hume Shippen, m. Henry B. Livingston; ii. Thomas Lee 
Shippen, b. 1765, m. March 10, 1791, Elizabeth C. Farley, and had 
William and Thomas Lee Shippen. 
.21. X. William. 

xi. Arthur, b. Dec. 21, 1740 ; never married ; d. Dec. 12, 1792. 

7. Henry,^ fifth son, married Miss Bland, daughter of Richard Bland, of 

Jordan, in Prince George Co., Va. ( Old Churches and Families, 
Vol. L, p. 446-7.) Children : 

i. John. 

22. ii. Richard. « 

23. iii. Henry. 

24. iv. Lettice, m. a Fitzhugh. 

8. Hancock,^ son of Hancock^ and Miss Kendall, married Miss Mary 

Willis, of Willis Hill near Fredericksburg, Va. Children were : 










1872.] Descendants of Col. Richard Lee. 63 


KicEARD, d. unmarriecl. 

Sarah, m. Col. Giler8on of the Revolutionary Army. 
Mary, m. jNlajor Ambrose JNIadison, brother of President Madison; 
issue, one daughter, Mrs. Nellie C. Willis, of Orange Co., Va. 

9. George* Lee, son of Ivichard,' removed from England to Virginia, 

and married, first, Miss Wormeley, and had one daughter. The 
second wife was a Miss Fairfax : issue, three sons, names unknown. 

10. Richard,'* eldest son of Philip' Lee, died 1787 or 1780; married 

Grace , who died Oct., 1789. Children were: 

i. Richard, d. in 1834. No issue. 
28. ii. Philip Thomas. 

iii. Eleanor A., d. May 17, 1806, without issue. 

11. TnoMAS,* second son of Philip Lee, died 1749 ; married ; issue 

were : 

29. i. Thomas Sim. 

ii. Sarah. No issue. 

12. Philip,* third son of Philip Lee, died in , before his father. 

Married Grace , and had several children, as reference to the 

will of Philip Lee, Sen. will show, though only the name of one 
i. Philip. 

13. Hancock,* fifth son of Philip Lee, died in 1759. 

14. Arthur,* sixth son, married, and died ; issue. 

15. Francis,* seventh son, married, and died; issue. 

16. George,* eighth son, married, and djed ; no issue. 

17. Philip Ludwell,* second son of Thomas' Lee, born Feb. 24, 

172G-7; married Miss Elizabeth Steptoc. Children were: 

i. Matilda, m. Gen. Henry Lee. 
ii. Flora, m. Ludwell Lee. 
iii. Philip, d. without issue. 

18. TnoMAS Ludwell,* fourth son, born Dec. 31, 1730-1 ; married Miss 

Aylctt; died April 13, 1778. Children were: 

30. i. Thomas Ludwell. 

ii. Aylett. Never married. 

iii. George, m. Fheline Jieverl}', and had Maria,' and George*^ who m. 

Miss Henderson and Ic't ie^sue. 
iv. Anne Fenton, m. Daniel Carroll Brent, of Richland, Stafford Co., Va., 

Jan. 3, 1782, and had twelve children. The following named lived 

to be of a^e: William Brent, Jr., b. Jan. 13, 17H3, d. May 13, 1813; 

Thomas Ludwell Lee, b. Au;,^. 9, 1781 ; Adelaide, b. Dec. 25, 1780 ; 

Eleanor, b. Oct. 11, 1787; George Lee, b. August, 1795; Mary 

Aylett, b. Oct. 3, 1793. 
V. LiciNDA, m. John D. Orr, of Prince William Co., Va., and had 

cliildren : Eleanor, who m. (ien. Asa Ilogeis, of Virginia; Mary 

Aylett Orr, d. unmarried ; Thomas Ludwell Lee Orr, d. unmarried, 
vi. Rebecca, d. unmarried. 

10. RiciiAiii) IlKNiiY,* fifth son, born Jan. 20, 1732; died at Chantilly, in 
AVestmorelaiHl Co., Va., June 19,1791. Twice married: his first 
wife was Miss Anne Aylett, whom he married Dec. 3, 1759, and by 
her he had issue: 

31. i. Thomas. 

32. ii. Ludwell. 

64 Descendarits of Col, Richard Lee, [January^ 

iii. Mary, b. July 28, 1764 ; christened March 11, 1765 ; m. Col. Wm. A. 

Washington, nephew of Gen. Washington : no issue, 
iv. Hannah, m. Corbin Washington, also a nephew of Gen. Washington, 

and had issue : Richard Henry ; John Augustine, proprietor of Mt. 

Vernon,- who m. jNIiss Jean Charlotte Blackburn, and had issue, 

three children : Maria, John Augustine and Richard (the first son 

owned Mt. Yernon, just previous to the war) ; Bushrod Corbin, m. 

Miss Blackburn, and had issue ; Mary, m. Noblet Herbert, and had 

issue, two sons. 

Ilis second wife was Mrs. Anne Pinkard, nee Gaskins, whom he 
married about June, 1769 (Life of R, H, Lee, Vol. I., p. 255 J, and 
had issue : 

iv. Anne, b. Dec. 1, 1770; christened Jan. 6, 1771 ; m. Charles Lee, and 
had issue, four children. 

V. Henrietta, b. Dec. 10, 1773; christened Jan. 14, 1774; d. in 1803 or 
1804 ; ni. first, Richard Lee Turbervilie, and had issue : Cornelia, m. 
Chas. C. Stuart, and has issue ; George Lee, m. Miss Dobell, d., and 
has issue ; Richard ilenry , d. , no issue. Her second husband was Rev. 
William Mafiitt, of So. Carolina, and had two children : Anne Lee, 
d. unmarried ; Harriotte, m. Rev. Reuben Post, and has issue. 

vi. Sarah, b. Nov. 27, 1775; d. May 8, 1837; m. Edmund J. Lee. 

vii. Cassius, b. Aug. 18, 1779 ; d. July 8, 1798. 

" jray every C.Tsar feel 
The keen, deep searching of a Patriot's steel." 

— Family Bible of R. H. Lee. 
32. viii. Francis Lightfoot. 

20. Francis LiGnxFOOT,* sixth son, born Oct. 14, 1734; married Miss 

Rebecca Tayloe, in 17 09, daughter of John Tayloe, of Mt. Airy, 
Vvdiose wife was Rebecca Plater, daughter of Hon. Governor George 
Plater, of Maryland; no children ; died in April, 1797, within a few 
hours of each other. (^Old Churches and Families, Vol. II., p. 181.) 

21. William,* seventh son, born August — , ; married Hannah 

Philippa Ludwell, oldest daughter of Philip Ludwell, of Greenspriug, 

James City Co., Ya., March 7, 17 09, in "Parish Church of St. 

Clement's Dane in the Co. of Middlesex, kingdom of Great Britain," 

and had children : 

i. William Lvdwell, b. about 1772 ; d. unmarried in 1802. 

ii. Portia, b. 1777; d. Feb. 19, 1840; m. V\'illiam Hodgson, of White 

Haven, England, wlio died in Alexandria, Va., Nov. 7, 1820, set. 55 

years. Their children were: William Ludwell, d. Sept. 27, 1841, 

jet. 42 3'ears ; Cornelia Ludwell, d. June 4, 1846 ; Caroline Octavia; 

Charles Henry ; Augustus Henry ; Julia Augusta ; Elizabeth 

Augusta, d. June 11, 1825, ast. 11 years; Sydney Ludwell, d. in 

1869. (?) 
iii. Brutus, b. Nov., 1778; d. June, 1779. 
iv. Cornelia, b. in Rrussclls, March 3, 1780 ; m. John Hopkins in 1806, 

and died in 1817 or 1818. Children wwe : Portia, b. 1807 ; m. Dr. 

Robert T. Baldwin, of AVinchester, Va., in 1830, and has children; 

Hannah Philippa Ludwell, b. Aug. 3, 1811 ; m. Cassius F. Lee, Sept. 

18, 1833; d. Jan. 25, 1844. Left children. Mary Anna, b. Jan. 8, 

1813 ; m. Rev. Wm. M. Jackson, who died in Norfolk in 1855. She d. 

November, 1843. Left children. Harriotte Lee, b. 1816; m. Rev. 

Richard K. Meade in 1837 ; d. Feb. 14, 1839. Left one son. 

22. John,* eldest son of Henry^ Lee, married a Widow Ball : left no 


23. Richard,* second son of Henry,^ married, when 60 years old, Miss 

Sally Poythress (his second cousin), of Prince George Co., Va. ; she 
was 1 6 at her marriage. He died 1795 ; she died 1828. Childi*en were : 













1 872.] Descendants of Col. Richard Lee. 65 

i. Mary, m. Thomas Jones, of Chesterfield Co., Va., and left children : 
Joseph, Kichard Lee, Thomas Lee and Benson — all living. 

ii. Lettice, m. Dr. John Augustine Smith, formerly President of William 
and Mary College, and afterwards President of College of Surgeons, 
&c., in New York. Children were: Richard Augustine; Sally 
Poythress, m. John Campbell, of N. Y. ; Martha Burwell, m. John 
Hilchburn, of Philadelphia ; Mary Dabney, unmarried. 

iii. RicnARDiA, m. Presley Cox. Children; Elizabeth, m. Rev. Mr. Griffith, 
first Bishop elect of Diocese of Virginia ; Sarah, m. Mr. Power. 

'1\. Henry,* third son of Henry^ Lee, married Dec. 1, 1753, Lucy 
Grymes, " youngest daughter of Charles Grymes, Gent.," known by 
tradition as the " Lowland Beauty." He died about July or Aug., 
1787, and left issue: 



Richard Bland. 


Edmund Jennings. 

Lucy, b. in 1774 ; never married. 

Mary, m. a Mr. Fendall, and had two children : Philip Richard, d. 
Feb. 15, 1869, get. 73 years, and left issue ; Eleanor, married, and 
now deceased, 
viii. Anne, b. in 1770 ; d. Aug., 1857 ; m. Wm. Bj^d Page, and had issue: 
Mary Ann, m. Roger Jones, and has children ; Jane Byrd, d. 
unmarried ; Edmonia, m. Hall Nelson, d., and left children ; Wm. 
Byrd, died unmarried ; Charles Henry, twice married : first, Miss 
Crawford, children — second, Miss Jane Leaton, no children ; Mann 
Randolph, m. Miss Bell, and has children; John Randolph; Richard 
Lucien, m. Miss Taylor, and has children ; Gary Selden, d. unmarried. 

25. Hancock,* son of Hancock^ Lee and Miss Willis ; died in 1815 ; 

married Miss Winfred Beale, daughter of Jno. Beale, of Westmore- 
land Co., Va. Their children were : 

38. i. Willis. 

39. ii. Hancock. 

40. iii. Thomas. 

iv. Arthur, d. unmarried. 

V. Pamela, d. unmarried, 

vi. Mary Frances, d. unmarried, 

vii. Antve, d. unmarried. 

viii. Emeline, m. Mr. Richards, deceased ; no children, 

ix. Elizabeth, m. Capt. Sangster, of Fauquier Co., Va. ; no children. 
She is still living. 

26. John,* second son of Ilancogk^ Lee, married Miss Bell. Children 

were : 

41. i. Willis. 

42. ii. John Hancock. 

iii. Lewis, d. unmarried. 

iv. Elizabeth, m. Dr. Wilkerson, of Frankfort, Ky. No children. 

V. Anna, m. John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, and had children, one of 

whom was Gen. Thomas Lee Crittenden, C. S. Army ; the other was 

Gen. Robert Crittenden, U. S. Army. 

vi. , m. Gen. Call, of Kentucky ; no children. 

vii. Matilda, m. Mr. Wallace, of Woodford Co., Ky. ; no children. 

27. Henry,* third son of Hancock^ Lee, married and had children : the 

daughters' names have not been ascertained : 

i. Willis, never married, 
ii. Hancock, never married, 
iii. John, never married. 

vi. , m. Mr. Davis. 

V, , m. her cousin, John Lee. 

Vol. XXVI. 6* 

66 Descendants of Col. Richard Lee. [January, 

28. Philip^ Thomas, second son of Richard,* died 1778 ; married in 

England, a Miss Russell, and had issue : one son, and four daughters 

whose names have not been ascertained. 

i. Russell, d. in 1793, a minor and without issue. 

ii. , in. Mr. Gamble. No children. 

iii. , m. Mr. Contee ; left two sons and a daughter : P. A. L. 

Contee, Edward H. Contee ; the daughter married a !Mr. Kent. 

iv. , m. Mr. Dawson ; left children. 

V. , m. INIr. Clerklee ; left children. 

29. Tn03iAS Si:\r,* son of Thomas* Lee, born in 1745 ; died Nov. 9, 1819 ; 

married Mary Diggs, only child of Ignatius Diggs, of Prince George's 
Co., Maryland, and had children, as follows : 

i. Ignatius. No issue. 

43. ii. Thomas. 

44. iii. William. 

45. iv. Arcaibald. 

46. V. John. 

vi, Mary Christian. 

vii. Eliza, m. Outerbridge Horsey, U. S. Senator from Delaware, and left 

30. Thomas Ludwell,* son of Thomas Ludwell,* married Fanny Carter, 

of Sabine Hall; died about May, 1807. Had children, all daughters : 

i. Elizabeth, m. St. Leger Landon Carter. 

ii. Mary, m. Tench Ilino;gold, of W^ashington, D. C. 

iii. Winifred Beale, m. William Brent, Jr., of liichland, Stafford Co., Va. 

IV. Fanny Carter. Died single. 

V. Ann Lucinda, m. John M. McCarty. 
vi. Catuarine. Died single. 

vii. Sidney. Died single. 

31. Thomas,* eldest son of Richard Henry,* born Oct. 20, 1758 ; married 

Nellie Brent, and had one daughter: 

i. Eleanor, who m. Girard Alexander. One child, Thos. Ludwell, now 
Col. in U. S. Army, married and has children. 

32. Ludwell,* second son of Richard Henry,* born Oct. 13, 1760 ; died 

in 1833 ; married in 1788, his cousin. Flora Lee, second daughter of 
Philip Ludwell Lee, and had three children : 

47. i. Richard Henry. 

ii. Cecilia, m. James L. McKenna ; no children. 

iii. Matilda, m. Richard Love, has children, and is now living. 

His second wife was Miss Armistead, whom he married in 1797. 
Children were : 

iv. Mary Ann, m. Gen. Robert B. Campbell, of S. C. 

V. Ellen, m. Rev. N. P. Knapp, of Mobile, Ala. ; left children. 

vi. Eliza, m. Wilson Cary Selden. 

vii. Emily. Never married. 

48. viii. Francis Lightfoot. 

ix. Bowles. Never married ; deceased. 

32. Francis Lightfoot,*' fourth son of Richard Henry ,^ born In 1782 j 
died in 1850. He married a Miss Fitzgerald, and had children : 

49. i. Samuel Phillips. 

50. ii. John Fitzgerald. 

iii. Arthur. Died unmarried. 

iv. Elizabeth, m. H. T. Harrison ; left a daughter who died unmarried. 

v. Frances, m. first, Goldsborough Robinson ; second, Pettitt : issue 


1872.] Descendants of Col. Richard Lee. 67 

33. Henry,* eldest son of Henry* Lee, born Jan., 1756; died March 25, 

1818. Popularly known as "Light-Horse Harry." Twice married: 

first to Matilda Lee. Children were : 

i. Henry. Died without issue. 

ii. Lucy, b. 1786 ; m. 1803 ; d. 1860 ; m. Bernard Carter. Children were : 

Josephine, m. Eugene Fransen ; Matilda, m. Thomas M. Willing ; 

Mildred, m. L, de. Potestad, and left issue ; Charlotte, m. G. W. 

Featherstonehaw, and left issue; Charles, m. Miss Calvert; Bernard. 

. His second wife, married July 18, 1793, was Ann, sister of Bernard 
Carter, above named. She died July, 1829, set. 56 or 58 years. Ch. : 

51. i. Charles Carter. 

52. ii. Sydney Smith. 

53. ili. Robert Edward. 

iv. Ann Carter, m. Wm. L. Marshall ; died, and left children. 
V. Mildred, m. Edward Childe ; died, and left children. 

34. Charles,* second son of Henry Lee,* died in 1815 ; married twice: 

first to Anne Lucinda, daughter of Kichard Henry Lee : 

i. Charles. Died unmarried. 

ii. Arthur. Died unmarried. 

iii. Alfred. Died unmarried, in 1865. 

iv. Anne Lucinda, b. in May, 1791 ; m. Walter Jones, May, 1808; d. May, 
1835. Children were : Virginia Collins, m. Dr. Thomas Miller ; 
Walter, d. unmarried; Nannette Lee, m. Dr. Robert E. Peyton in 
1833 ; Rosina, m. Rev. Jos. Packard in 1838 ; Elizabeth Mary, m. 
Henry T. Harrison in 1841 ; Charles Lee, unmarried ; Catherine 
Ella, d. unmarried; Anne Harriotte, m. Matthew Harrison in 1851 ; 
Frances Lee, unmarried ; Sarah Cornelia, unmarried ; Violetta 

4 Lansdale, unmarried ; Thomas Walter, d. unmarried. 

His second wife was Margaret Peyton, widow of Yelverton 
Peyton, and daughter of the Rev. John Scott. Children were : 

54. V. Robert Eden. 

vi. Elizabeth Gordon, m. Rev. A. D. Pollock about the year 1836, and 
has children : Thomas Gordon, killed at the battle of Gettysburg, 
1863 ; Margaret, m. Dr. Erasmus Moore ; Anne Lee, m. Charles P. 
Janney ; Elizabeth G., unmarried ; Roberta Lee, unmarried ; 
Charles Lee, unmarried. 

35. Richard Bland,* third son of Henry,* born Jan. 20, 1761 ; married 

Miss Elizabeth Collins, of Philadeljjhia, Feb. 8, 1794; died March 
12, 1827. Left issue: 

55. i. Richard Bland. 

56. ii. Zaccheus Collins. 

iii. Mary Ann, b. May 11, 1795 ; d. June 21, 1796. 

iv. Ann Matilda, b. July 13, 1799 ; m. Dr. Bailey Washington, now 

deceased : has children. 
V. Mary Collins, b. May 6, 1801 ; d. Feb. 22, 1805. 
vi. Cornelia, b. March 20, 1804 ; m. Dr. James McCrae : has children. 

36. Theodoric,* fourth son of Henry Lee,* married Miss Hite or White. 

Children : 

57. i. John. 

ii. Caroline, m. Mr. Walker : children. 

iii. Juliana, m. Jos. Gales, of Washington, editor of the National 

iv. Catharine, m. Mr. May : children. 

37. Edmund Jennings,* fifth son of Henry Lee,* born May 20, 1772 ; 

died May 30, 1843 ; married about 1796 to Sarah, daughter of 
Richard H. Lee. Children were : 















68 Descendants of Col, Richard Lee. [January, 

Edmund Jennings. 

William Fitzhugh. 

Cassius Francis. 

Charles Henry. 

Richard Henry. 

Anne Harriotte, b. March 6, 1800; d. Sept., 1863; m. Mr. John 

Lloyd, of Alexandria, and had children. 
Sally. Never married. 

Hannah, m. Rev. K. J. Stewart, and has one daughter living. 
Susan Meade, b. March 26, 1814 ; d. Feb. 15, 1815. 

38. Willis,* eldest son of Hancock Lee,* married Miss Richards, and 

left children : 

63. i. John Hancock. 

ii. Mary, m. Mr. Thomas Ash ton. 

39. Hancock,'" second son of Hancock Lee,* married Miss Richards, and i 

left children. | 

40. Thomas,* third son, of Hancock Lee,* married Miss Bell, of Louisville, i 

Ky., sister of Samuel Bell, a wealthy merchant of that city. He j 
moved to Missouri, and died there several years before the war. \ 
Children were : ] 

i. MAtiLDA, m. Mr. Gaskins, of Virginia, and had two sons who were 

killed during the war. 
ii. Jane, unmarried and still living. 

41. Willis,* eldest son of Johp Lee,* married. 

42. John Hancock,* second son of John Lee,* married. 

43. Thomas,^ second son of Thomas Sim* Lee, married and left children. 

44. William,^ third son of Thomas Sim* Lee, married and left children. | 

45. Archibald,^ fourth son of Thomas Sim* Lee, married and left children. | 

46. JoHN,^ fifth son of Thomas Sim* Lee, born in 1788; married Miss | 

Carroll, grand-daughter of Charles Carroll of Carrollton ; died May » 
17, 1871, and left children. ? 

47. Richard Henry,^ eldest son of Ludwell* Lee and Flora , died | 

about 18G3 or 18G4; married twice: first wife. Miss Duncan; second j 
wife. Miss Jourdan. Children by both marriages. : 

48. Francis Ligiitfoot,^ son of Ludwell* Lee and Miss Armistead, ^ 

married Miss Rogers, of S. C. No children. | 

49. Samuel Phillips,^ eldest son of Francis Lic:htfoot* Lee, married ni 

Miss Blair, and has children. 

50. John Fitzgerald,^ second son, married Miss Hill, and has children. ^ 

51. Charles Carter,^ second son of Henry* Lee and Ann Carter, died 

March, 1871 ; married Miss Taylor. Left children. 

52. Sydney Smith,^ third son, born Sept. 2, 1802 ; died July 22, 1869 ; 

married Miss Anne Mason. Left children. 

53. Robert Edward,* fourth son, born at Stratford, Westmoreland Co., 

Va., Jan. 19, 1807; married, June 30, 1831, to Miss I^ftiry Custis, 
daughter of Geo. W. Parke Custis, of Arlington, near Alexandria, 
Ya. ; died Oct. 12, 1870, at Lexington, Va. Left children. 

54. Robert Eden,^ youngest son of Charles Lee, married Miss Margaret 

Gordon Scott ; died. No children. 

55. Richard Bland,® eldest son of Richard Bland Lee, born July 20, 

1797 ; married Miss Julia Prosser, and has children. 
5Q, Zaccheus Collins,® youngest son, born Dec. 5, 1805 ; married Miss 
3Iartha Jenkins ; died Nov. 26, 1859, and left children. 

1872.] The Winslow Family. 69 

57. JoHN,^ son of Theodoric* Lee, married Miss Prosser ; died, and left 


58. Edmund Jennings,^ eldest son of Edmund Jennings Lee, born in 1797 ; 

married, first, Miss Shej^herd, and second. Miss Bedinger, of Jefferson 
Co., Va. Children by both marriages. 

59. William Fitziiugh,^ second son, born May 7, 1804; married Miss 

Mary S. Chilton; died May 19, 1837. Left children. 

60. Cassius Francis,^ third son, born May, 1808 ; married first, Hannah 

Philippa Ludwell Hopkins ; second, Anne E. Gardner, April 15, 
1846. Children by both marriages. 

61. Charles Henry,^ fourth son, born in 1818; married Elizabeth A. 

Dunbar, and has one daughter. 

62. Richard Henry,^ fifth sou, born in 1820 ; married Evelyn B. Page, 

and has children. 

63. Jonx Hancock,^ son of Willis Lee, born in 1805 ; married, and has 



[Communicated by the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridgeport, Mass.] 

Concluded from vol. xxv. page 353. 

5. Kexelm^ [Kenehn,^Kenelm^), b. about 1667, inherited the home- 
stead in Harwich (now Brewster). He was a clothier, or cloth dresser; and 
the business which he established at Setucket, or Winslow's Mills, was 
prosperously conducted both by himself and his j^osterity. He was select- 
man three years, town treasurer five years, and representative in 1720. 
In consequence of the imperfection of records, his domestic relations have 
heretofore been involved in obscurity ; his wife has been supposed to be 
the second wife of his father, and his paternity to his large family of chil- 
dren has not generally been recognized. Fortunately, ho executed a will, 
22 Jan., 1728-9, in which his legitimate claim to both wife and children is 
fully established. He m. 5 Jan., 1689-90, Bethis^ Hall, and d. 20 March, 
1728-9, in the 62d year of his age ; his w^idow was published, 19 March, 
1729-30, to Mr. Joseph Hawes, of Yarmouth. The births of Mr. Wins- 
low's children are not found on record ; but the dates are estimated partly 
from the 5rder in which the names are mentioned in the father's will, and 
l)artly from inscriptions on head-stones in the " Winslow burying-ground." 
His children w^ere : — 

1. Bethia, b. about 1691; m. 5 March, 1712-13, John Wing, and d. 19 June* 

1720, aged 29. 
ii. Mercy, b. about 169.3 ; m. 8 March, 1710-11, Philip Vincent, 
iii. Kebecca, b. about 1695 ; m. 21 March, 1719-20, Samuel Rider; resided 

in Yarmouth, afterwards in Rochester, 
iv. Thankful, b. about 1697; m. 4 Feb., 1722-3, Theophilus Crosby, of 

V. Kexelm, b. about 1700; a clothier ; resided in Harwich (Brewster) ; m. 

14 Sept., 1722, Zerv'iah Rider, by whom he had thirteen children ; she d. 

5 April, 1715, aged 41, and he m. 8 May, 1740, Mrs. Abigail Sturgis, 

of Yarmouth, who d. 17 Sept., 1783, aged 76. Mr. Vvinslow was 

Belcctinan three 3'ears ; also a juHtice of the peace and of the quorum. 

He d. 28 June, 1783, in the 83d year of his age. 

70 The Winslow Family, [January, 

vi. Thomas, b. about 1704; resided in Harwich (Brewster); m. 12 Feb., 
1722-3, Mehetabel, dan. of his uncle, Maj. Edward Winslow, of Roch- 
ester, by whom he had twelve children, nine of whom died, aged less 
than one year, and their head-stones stand in a sad row in the " Wins- 
low bury ing-ground." He was a selectman, a colonel, and judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas. He d. 10 April, 1779, in the 75th year of 
his age ; his wife survived him . 

vii. Mary, b. about 1707 ; m. 9 March, 1726-7, Ebenezer Clapp,f)f Rochester. 
^ viii. Hannah, bap. 9 Sept., 1711 ; m. 14 Dec, 1723, Edward Winslow, Jr., son 
of her uncle Maj. Edward Winslow, of Rochester, and d. 25 Sept., 
1745, in the 35th year of her a^e. 

ix. Seth, b. 1715; resided in HarwicTi (Brewster), and m. 15 Jan., 1735-6, 
Thankful Sears, who d. 7 March, 1736-7, aged 18. He was published 
11 March, 1737-8, to Priscilla Freeman, who d. 11 Feb., 1776, aged 60. 
He d. 12 Aug., 1754, aged 39 years, 5 months and 8 days, having had 
six children ; three daughters survived him. 

6. JosiAH^ {Kenelm^ Kenelm^), b. 7 Nov., 1069; received by gift, 27 
Feb., 1693-4, one quarter part of his father's lands in Freetown, and 
14 Feb., 1702, purchased all his father's lands on the west side of Taunton 
River, and undivided rights in Freetown, where lie resided during the 
remainder of his long life. He was a clothier, and established the business 
of cloth-dressing near Assonet Bridge, where it was continued by several 
generations of his descendants. {Ante, xix., 47, 273.) He was frequently 
Belectman and assessor; also a Captain, by which title he was generally 
designated. His first wife, the mother of all his children, was Margaret 
Tisdale, to whom he was published 13 June, 1691. According to the Free- 
town and Middleborough Records, he was subsequently married, 3 Nov., 
1738, to Mrs. Hannah Winslow, perhaps widow of his cousin Richard Wins- 
low, of Freetown ; 2 March, 1748-9, to wadow Hannah Booth, of Middle- 
borough; 30 Nov., 1749, to Martha Hathaway, of Freetown ; and published, 
6 Sept., 1750, to Mary Jones, of Berkley. He d. 3 April, 1761, in the 
92d year of his age. (Ante, xviii., 301.) His will, 5 March, 1753, indicates 
that his wife Mary, and all his children, except the eldest daughter, were 
then living. They w^ere : — 

i. JosiAH, b. 9 June, 1697; " m. Sarah, dau. of John Hayward, Jr., 1721 ; 

lived awhile in East Bridgewater, and afterwards exchanged farms with 

Joseph Keith, and went up to W. Bridgewater, near to Easton line." 

(Mitchell's Hist. Bridgewater, p. 353.) He was livmgin 1753, with sons 

Josiah, Ezra, and John-Hay ward, 
ii. Mercy, b. 15 Dec, 1700; published 15 Nov., 1728, to James Whitcomb, 

of Rochester, and d. 20 April, 1729. 
iii. Ebenezer, b. 22 Nov., 1705 ; m. Esther Atwood, was a Major and resided 

in Berkley. {Peirce Family, p. 84.) 
iv. Edward, b. 11 Aug., 1709 ; was of Taunton, 2 Jan., 1758, when^he received 

a deed of gift from his father. 
V. James, b. 12 Aug., 1712 ; was a clothier and Major, resided in Freetown. 

He was published 15 Feb., 1737-8, to Charity Hodges, of Norton, by 

whom he had nine children. His will, dated 17 June, 1776, was proved 

22 March, 1777. 
vi. Margaret, b. 5 April, 1716 ; m. 5 July, 1733, John King, of Norton. 
vii. Mary, b. 24 March, 1720 ; published 10 July, 1742, to Daniel Hunt, Jr., 

of Norton. 
viii. Rachel, b. 9 Feb., 1722 ; m. 1 May, 1746, Edward Winslow, Jr,, son of 

her uncle, Major Edward Winslow, of Rochester, and d. 28 Dec, 1766, 

" in the 45th year of her age," or 1767 as inscribed on her head-stone. 

7. Samuel^ [Kenelm,^ Kenelm^), b. about 1674, in early life styled 
cordwainer, and afterwards yeoman, resided in Rochester, 1700, and was 
Deacon of the First Church in that town as early as 1710. He m. 26 Sept., 
1700, Bethia Holbrook, of Scituate ; she d. and he m. 11 Nov., 1703, 

1872.] The Winslow Family, 71 

Mercy King, of Scltimte ; she d. 16 Feb., 1733, and he was published 15 
Sept., 1739, to Ruth Briggs. He was living in 1750, and perhaps followed 
his sons in their emigration to Hard wick. His children were : — 

i. Mercy, b. 16 Aug., 1705 ; m. 15 Aug., 1721, James Whitc^omb, of Roches- 
ter, and d. 20 Sept., 1726. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. 29 Jan., 1706-7. 

iii. Ann, b. 13 Feb., 1708-9 ; published 1 May, 1731, to Roland Hammond, of 
Rochester, and d. 1734. 

iv. Thomas, b. 7 June, 1711 ; m. 27 June, 1734, Rebecca Ewer, of Barnstable, 
by whom he had fifteen cliildren ; removed to Hardwick about 1752. 

V. Kenelm, b. 20 Feb., 1712-13 ; m. 21 June, 1734, Elizabeth Clapp, by whom 
he had eleven children ; removed to Hardwick about 1749, and to Peters- 
ham about 1773. 

vi. Judith, b. 8 July, 1716. 

8. Nathaniel^ {Kenelm^ Kenelm^), b. about 1678; resided early in 
Freetown, but manifested a more roving disposition than was common to 
his race. I find traces of him in Freetown, 1701-1705 ; in Little Comp- 
ton, 1707-1709; in Rochester, 1710, 1711 ; and in Middleborough, 1712 
-1718 ; he was styled, 9 Nov., 1721, "late of Middleborough," and it is 
probable that he was the same person who "removed to Damariscotta, 1729, 
and testified in court at Old York, 1742, then 63 years old." (Mitchell's 
Hist. Bridgewater, p. 390.) He m. 9 July, 1701, Elizabeth Holbrook, of 
Scituate. Their children, born at Freetown, were : — 

i. Martha, b. 1 May, 1702. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. 16 Jan., 1703-4 ; d. 14 March, 1704. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. 16 Feb., 1704-5. 

9. Edward^ {Kenelm^ Kenelm^)^ b. 30 Jan., 1680-1, was a farmer, 
and resided in Rochester. In 1725, together with Ebenezer Lewis, of 
Barnstable, and Edmund Freeman, of Harwich, he erected " iron-works, to 
carry on the making and forging of iron," near his dwelling-house, " on the 
middle branch of the Mattepoisett River." He was selectman, town clerk, 
town treasurer, justice of the peace and of the quorum ; he was also a 

Major, and was-generally known by his military title. He m. Sarah , 

who d. 11 Oct., 1767, aged 85. He d. 25 June, 1760. His children 
were : — 

i. Edward, b. 6 Nov., 1703 ; a farmer and Captain, resided in Rochester and 
inherited the homestead. Hem. 14 Dec, 1728, Hannah, dau. of his 
uncle Kenelm Winslow, of Harwich ; she d. 25 Sept., 1745, and he m. 
1 May, 1740, Rachel, dau. of his uncle Josiah AVinslow, of Freetown ; 
she d. 28 Dec, 1766,* and he was i)ublished 9 Aug., 1767, to Mrs. Han- 
nah Winslow, of Dif^hton. He d. 7 May, 1780. 

ii. Mehitable, b. 6 May, 1705 ; m. 12 Feb., 1722-3, Col. Thomas Winslow, son 
of her uncle Kenelm Winslow, of Harwich, and was living 20 March, 1779. 

iii. Sarah, b. 1707 ; m. before 1725, Thomas Lincoln ; he d. in Rochester, 15 June, 
1730, aged 30, and she m. 31 May, 1731, James Whitcomb,t of Roch- 
ester, and was living in Western (now Warren), 28 Feb., 1771, when 
dower was assigned to her. 

♦ The date 1767, inscrn)C(l on her licad-stonc, is a manifest mistake, if she was then 
'• in the loth year of her age," and if Capt. Winslow's subsequent publishment is cor- 
rectly recorded. 

t Jan)(;s Whitcoml), son of James, -was b. at Scituate, 21 Aug., IG97, and d. at Western 
(now Warren), in 17()3. His twin-brother, Nathaniel Wliitconil), was b. two days earlier, 
19 Aug., 1G97, and d. at Hardwick, 18 March, 1772. Botii resided several years in lloch- 
' ester. Before he was thirty-four years old, James Whitcomb had four wives, three of 
whom were cousins to each other, as uicntioued in the text: — (1) Mercy, dau. of Deacon 
Samuel Winslow, lo Aug., 1721; (2) Joanna Spooner, of Dartmouth, 12 July, 1727; 
(3) Mcny, dan. of Capt. Josiah Winslow, published 15 Nov., 1728; (4) Sarah, dau. of 
Maj. Edward Winslow, 31 May, 1731. 

72 The Winslow Family. • [January^ 

iv. Lydia, b. 8 Sept., 1709 ; m. 10 July, 1729, Dea. James Foster, of Rochester, 
and d. 7 Jan., 1770. [Her dau. Mary, b. 11 April, 1732, m. 24 Oct., 
1754, Col. Timothy Paige, of Hardwick, and d. at New Braintree, 21 
July, 1825, aged 93. J 

V. Mercy, b. 1 Sept., 1712 ; m. 10 Oct., 1730, Chillingsworth Foster, of Har- 
wich (now Brewster), and d. 25 Jan., 1757. 

yI. Thankful, b. 2 April, 1715; m. 10 April, 1735, Josephus Hammond, of 
Kochester, and d. before 2 Oct., 1758. 

10. JoHN^ {Kenelm^ Kenelm^ ), b. about 1701, a farmer, resided in 
Rochester, and was elected Deacon of the church in that town, 5 Aug., 
1748. He m. 15 March, 1721-2, Bethia Andrews, who survived hiin. 
His will, dated 11 Jan., 1752, and proved IG July, 1755, mentions all the 
children named below, except Bethia and Ste^Dhen : — 

i. John, b. 31 Oct., 1721 ; m. 3 Aug., 1745, Bethia Sherman. 

ii. Deborah, b. 8 Feb., 1724-5 ; m. 15 March, 1743-4, John Sherman. 

iii. Jedediah, b. 26 March, 1727; published 24 March, 1750, to Elizabeth 

Goodspeed, of Barnstable, 
iv. Nathaniel, b. 22 April, 1730 ; m. 23 April, 1757, Thankful Randall. 
v. Bethia, b. 24 May, 1732 ; probably d. young. 
vi. Lemuel, b. 3 Nov., 1734. 
vii. Prince, b. 6 April, 1737. 
viii. Stephen, b. 5 July, 1739 ; probabl^^ d. young. 
ix. Elizabeth, b. 

11. Nathaniel'' {Nathaniel^ Kenelm^), b. 29 July, 1667, resided prin- 
cipally in Marshfield, though certain deeds of land indicate that he was in 
Shawomet, or Swansey, at least a portion of the time, from 1700 to 1709. 
He is styled " Captain ; " but perhaps this was his maritime title, for it is 
said that he commanded " the sloop Seaflower, engaged in freighting oak 
wood from Careswell Creek to Boston." {Mem. of Marshjield, p. 29.) 
He m. Lydia, dau. of Josiah Snow; she d. September, 1716, and he m. 
17 Feb., 1717-8, Deborah Bryant, of Scituate, who d. 28 Nov., 1778, aged 
97, as the Marshficld Records say ; but if the date of her birth is accurately 
given by Deane {Hist. Scituate., p. 227), she lived 99 years. Administra- 
tion on his estate was granted 30 March, 1736. His children, recorded in 
Marshfield, were : — 

i. Lydia, b. 24 Jan.,' 1693; m. 10 Dec, 1718, Joseph Thomas. 

ii. Thankful, b. 3 Feb., 1695 ; m. 27 Oct., 1725, Nathaniel Kean, of Pembroke. 

iii. Snow, b. 13 May, 1698 ; m. 6 Nov., 1728, Deborah Bryant. 

iv. Oliver, b. 24 Nov., 1702 ; " settled in Scituate," and m. Agatha Bryant. 
'' lie had a son Oliver, who was killed in the French war in 1758, at the 
age of 20, a son John, who removed to Nobleboro', Maine, and Major 
Kathaniel, a man who inherited the bold spirit of his distinguished 
ancestors." (Hist. Scituate, p. 390.) 

V. Deborah, b. 21 March, 1708. 

vi. Patience, b. 29 June, 1710. 

vii. Nathaniel, b. 9 Sept., 1712 ; m. 3 Feb., 1731, Susanna Bryant. 

viii. Ruth, b. 30 Dec, 1718. 

ix. Abiah, b. 4 Dec, 1721 ; m. 16 July, 1741, Nehemiah Thomas. 

X. Allatheah, b. 4 Nov., 1723; probably d. young. 

12. James^ (N^athaniel,^ Kenelm^),h. 1G Aug., 1669, appears to have 
resided in Plymouth, 1699-1701, where the birth of two children was 
recorded, and in Swansey, 1706-1708. He became a 23ermanent resident 
in Rochester about 1709, and was town treasurer several years. He m. 

Mary , who d. 4 Dec, 1717, aged 43, and he m. Elizabeth , who 

survived him. His will, dated 11 Feb., 1731-2, proved 20 Sept., 1733, 
mentions all the children named below, except Nathaniel : — 

1872.] . The IVinslow Family. 73 

i. Seth, b. 1799 ; m. 23 Oct., 1729, Abigail Whittredge. 

ii. Mary, b. 1701. 

iii. Barsheba, b. 11 May, 1705. 

iv. James, b. 2 May, 1709. 

V. Job, b. 7 yept., 1712. 

vi. Nathaniel, b. 4 Nov., 1715 ; d. 23 Jan., 1725. 

vii. Peter, b. 11 April, 1720. 

13. Gilbert^ (Nathaniel^ Kenelm} ), b. 11 July, 1673, resided in 
Marshfield, and m. 7 Feb., 1698, Mercy, dau. of Josiah Snow, who sur- 
vived him. He d. 12 June, 1731. His will, dated 26 May, 1731, mentions 
all the children named below, except Lydia : — 

i. Issachar, b. 19 Feb., 1699. 

ii. Barnabas, b. 24 Feb., 1701. 

iii. Gilbert, b. 26 July, 1704. 

iv. Anthony, b. 24 April, 1707. 

V. Mercy, b. 1 Aug., 1710. 

vi. Rebecca, b. 3 Jan., 1712. 

vii. Job, b. 2 June, 1715 ; in. 20 March, 1740, Elizabeth Macomber. 

viii. Benjamin, b. 28 Aug., 1717. 

ix. Lydia, b. 25 April, 1720 ; d. 5 Oct., 1723. 

14. Kenelm' {^Nathaniel^ Kerielm})^ b. 22 Sept., 1675, inherited the 
homestead in Marshfield, and was justice of the peace. He m. Abigail 
Waterman, who d. 15 Aug., 1729, aged 47. He d. 10 June, 1757, aged 82. 
His children were : — 

i. Sarah, b. 3Dec., 1704. 

ii. Abigail, b. 25 June, 1707 ; m. 25 June, 1730, Rev. Isaiah Lewis, of 

iii. Nathaniel, b. 21 April, 1709. 
iv. Faith, b. 2 Feb., 1712. 
V. Kenelm, b. 5 Nov., 1716; m. Abigail Bourn, of Barnstable, who d. 21 

Dec, 1761, aged 32. He d. 13 Au^., 1780. Their son Kenelm, b. 

24 July, 1756, alienated the homestead of his fathers, and removed to 

Kennebec Co., Maine. {Mem. Marshfield^ p. 28.) 
vi. Eleanor, b. 17 June, 1718. 
vii. Joseph, b. 30 Oct., 1724. 

15. JoHN^ (Nathaniel,^ KeneImP), b. 13 Jan., 1683-4, appears to have 
resided successively in Marshfield, Swansey and Wareham. He m. Mary 

' , who survived him. His will, dated Wareham, 5 Dec, 1755, and 

proved 3 April, 1758, mentions all the children who are named below. The 
birth of the first three is recorded in Marshfield : — 

i. Faith, b. 3 Nov., 1706 ; m. Randall. 

ii. Eleanor, b. 15 April, 1709 ; m. Besse. 

iii. William, b. 5 Dec, 1713 ; d. at Wareham, about 1759. 

iv. Sarah, b. ; m. Turner 

V. Mary, b. ; m. AVood. 

16. Richard' (Joh,^ Kenelm}), b. , resided in Freetown, and m. 

Hannah •, who was living a widow, 19 Aug., 1737. His will, dated 

7 Aug., 1727^ and proved 16 April, 1728, describes him as a " practitioner 
of physick and chirurgeon," and mentions all the children who are named 
below : — 

i. Richard, b. 19 Aug., 1711. 

ii. Hezekiah, b. 9 Dec, 1713 ; m. 30 May, 1737, Betsey Paine, 
iii. Sarah, b. 8 May, 1710 ; m. 30 May, 1737, Icliabod Eddy. 
iv. William, b. 24 Sept., 1718 ; m. 7 July, 1743, Elizabeth Merrick. 
V. Hannah, b. 14 April, 1721. 

vi. Edward, b. 10 Oct., 1723 ; m. 20 Oct., 1748, Phebe Winslow. 
Vol. XXVI. 7 

74 TJie Winslow Family, [January^ ; 

17. James' {Joh,^ Kenelm^), b. 9 May, 1687, resided in Freetown. His ; 
children, by wife Elizabeth, were : — \ 

i. Mary, b. 20 June, 1709. v. Elizabeth, b. 6 May, 1721. 

ii. Nathan, b. 1 April, 1713. vi. James, b. 6 Aug., 1725. j 

iii. Job, b. 30 March, 1715. Tii. Sybil, b. 3 Oct., 1727. ' 

iv. Benjamin, b. 19 June, 1717. i 

18. George^ (Joh,^ Kenelm^), b. 2 Jan., 1G90-1, a carpenter, resided in \ 

Freetown, and m. Elizabeth , who survived him. His will, 5 May, 1757, | 

proved 15 June, 1757, mentions all the children named below, except j 
Elkanah : — 

i. HoPESTiLL, b. 9 Jan., 1722-3 ; m. Cook. ! 

ii. Abigail, b. 26 Dec., 1724; m. Aiken. j 

iii. Phebe, b. 2 Oct., 1726 ; m. 20 Oct., 1748, her cousin Edward Winslow. \ 

iv. George, b. 19 June, 1728. \ 

V. Elizabeth, b. 28 July, 1730; published 14 June, 1754, to Jacob Strange, ; 

Newport. ' 

vi. Elkanah, b. 13 Jan., 1732-3 ; probablj^ d. yount^. ! 

vii. Barnabas, b 30 Sept., 1734 ; m. 6 July, 1761, Sarah Terry. ] 

viii. Rebecca, b. 6 Sept., 1736 ; m. 15 Dec, 1757, Richard Kirby, of Dartmouth. : 

19. Jonathan^ {Joh^, Kenelm} ), b. 22 Nov., 1692, resided in Free- \ 
town, and m. 25 Nov., 1722, Sarah Kirby, probably of Dartmouth. Their j 
children were : — ] 

i. Rebecca, b. 26 Aui^., 1723 ; d. 18 Dec, 1731. ; 

ii. Jonathan, b. 22 Nov., 1725. I 

iii. John, b. 22 Nov., 1725 ; d. 3 Sept., 1742. 

iv. Thomas, b. 5 July, 1729. ! 

V. Sarah, b. 19 July, 1731. \ 

vi. Nathaniel, b. 20 May, 1733. 1 

vii. Ruth, b. 1 Feb., 1735-6. \ 

viii. Reuben, b. 18 May, 1738 ; published 2 July, 1703, to Mary Webster. ; 

ix. Benjamin, b. 14 Feb., 1740-1 ; published 6 Nov., 1767, to Content Webster. 1 

X. Hannah, b. ; m. 21 Nov., 1765, to John Valentine. j 

xi. HoPESTiLL, b. ; m. 19 July, 1767, Stephen Taber. ] 

20. Joseph^ {Joh^ Kenelm^ ), a cordwainer, resided in Swansey, and j 
was representative in 1721. Administration on his estate was granted, i 
4 Sept., 1727, to his widow Hannah ; but she d. before 22 Feb., 1727-8, \ 
when an inventory w^as presented. Distribution was made 15 Jan., 1733-4, \ 
to the children, viz. : — \ 

i. Oliver, ii. Joseph. iii. Job. iv. Ruth. v. Mart. j 

vi. Hannah. vii. Susanna. viii. Priscilla. ; 

21. John' (Joh^ Kenelm^), b. 20 Feb., 1694-5, resided in Freetown, \ 
was representative 5 years, and m. 9 Oct., 1729, Betsey Hathaway, to \ 
whom administration on his estate was granted, 7 Oct., 1755. All the chil- '• 
dren named below, except Andrew, received portions of their uncle William ! 
Winslow's estate, 1 May, 1781. ;' 

i. HuLDAH, b. 10 March, 1729-30 ; m. Chase. 

ii. Abner, b. 7 May, 1732 ; m. 16 Aug., 1759, Rebecca Hathaway. 

iii. Sylvia, b. 10 March, 1733-4 ; published 10 Sept., 1757, to Samuel Barnaby. . 

iv. Lucy, b. 20 Feb., 1735-6. v. Andrew, b. 19 Feb., 1737-8. 

vi. Lemuel, b. 25 Dec, 1739 ; m. 7 Jan., 1762, Abigail Hathaway. 

vii. Lois, b. 16 March, 1741. viii. Eunice, b. 25 April, 1744. ! 

ix. Oliver. x. VV^illiam. xi. Joseph. I 

Elizabeth^ {Joh,^ KeneW), b. 1696-7; m. John Marshall, of Freetown. ' 
Their dau. Ruth, b. at Freetown, 1 April, 1737, m. 13 Feb., 1754, Capt. '■ 
James Green, of East Haddam, Conn., and d. 27 Nov., 1816. 

1872.] The Vage Family, 75 

[For some of the facts relative to the Winslows of Freetown, I am 
indebted to Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce ; most of the other facts embodied 
in the foregoing sketch were obtained by a personal examination of Town 
and County Records. I shall be glad to receive any additional informa- 
tion ; especially in regard to Damaris , who m. Kenelm Winslow, of 

Harwich, about 1690, and more especially, as to the parentage of Sarah 
, who m. Maj. Edward Winslow, of Rochester, about 1702. l. r. r.] 


[Communicated by William Prescott, M.D., of Concord, N. II.] 

Jonx Page, born at Dedham in England in 1586, came to New-Eng- 
land with Gov. Winthrop in 1630, and settled in Dedham, Mass. He had, 
by his wife Phebe, John, Jr., Roger, Edward, Robert, Samuel and David. 
He died Dec. 18, 1676, aged 90. 

The only detailed record in the possession of the writer, of the descend- 
ants of the above sons, is that of the descendants of Samuel, of which. Rev. 
D. Lancaster, in his history of Gilmanton, has recorded most that is to be 
found, and to which the reader is referred. 

Robert Page, born in Ormsby, County of Norfolk, England, in 1604, 
emigrated to New-England in 1637. He was son of Robert of that place, 
who, by his wife Margaret, had ; 

1. i. Robert, b. in 1604 ; m. Lucy , b. in 1607. ii. Thomas, b. 1606. 

iii. Rebecca, bap. May 16, 1608. iv. Henry, b. 1610. v. Francis, b. 1612. 

Robert Page, Sen., d. in England, July, 1617. His will was dated July 1, 
1617, and proved July 23d, in which he mentions wife Margaret, and the 
five children above named. 

Robert Page, the emigrant, with wife Lucy, four of his children and two 
hired servants, Wm. Moulton and Ann Wadd, emigrated to America in 
1637 ; at which time he was 33, and Lucy 30 years of age. He settled in 
Hampton, N. H., and was among the first settlers of that ancient town, 
where he d. Sept. 22, 1679, aged 75. Lucy, his wife, d. Nov. 12, 1665, 
aged 58. From the records in Hampton we learn that he was one of the 
most active, energetic and influential men in town. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the first board of selectmen, and again in 1647, 1652, 1655, 1659, 
1667 and 1670. He was a member of the general assembly in 1657, and 
again in 1668. 

He was also marshal of the old county of Norfolk, in which Hampton was 
then included. He was granted the privilege, by a vote of the town, of 
building the first saw-mill, which he was required to do within a year, but 
by reason of his being engaged in constructing a parsonage the time was 
extended to two years. 

In 1659, when 76 persons were taxed, Robert Page's tax was the high- 
est, and amounted to one twentieth of the whole sum. A committee was 
appointed to assign to each person the scat in which he was to sit, and a 
penalty was attached for a violation of the order. The people were seated 
in accordance with their social position and standing in the community. The 
front seat was considered the most honorable place. In this seat Robert 

76 The Page Family, [January, 

Page and a few others were placed on one side, while to their wives was 
allotted the front seat on the opposite side. Mr. Page was the only deacon 
of the church for more than 20 years, and was succeeded in that office by 
his son Francis. 

Notwithstanding the many offices which he filled, and the multiplicity of 
business which he performed, he was unable to write his name and always 
made use of a mark for a signature, and a late town clerk of H. gave it as 
his opinion that the mark was uniformly made with the left hand. 

1. Robert^ and Lucy had the following children: 

i. Margaret, b. in England, 1629 ; m. 1651, Wm. Moulton, who came over as the 
hired servant of her father, and they were the ancestors of man}' of the 
Moultons in this country. He d. in 1664, and she m. for her second hus- 
band, John Sanborn, Sen., as his second wife ; she d. July 13, 1699, a. 70. 

ii. Susan, b. 1631. 

2. iii. Francis, b. 1633 ; m. Dec. 2, 1669, Meribah Smith. 

iv. Rebecca, b. 1636 ; m. Oct. 15, 1652. Wm. Marston, Jr., b. 1622, d. Jan. 22, 
1704, aged 82. She d. June 27, 1673, aged 37. They liad : 1. Kebecca, b. 
1654 ; m. June 3, 1676, John Smith, the Tailor. 2. Hannah, b. Aug. 21, 
1656 ; m. Oct. 19, 1676, Samuel, son of Samuel and Ann Fogg, b. Dec. 25, 
1653. 3. Mary, b. April 4, 1659 ; d. Dec. 2, 1660. 4. Samuel, b. Sept. 8,1661 ; 
m. Sarah, dau. of Wm. Sanborn, Sen., b. 1663. He d. Nov. 8, 1723. She 
d. of palsy, April 17, 1738, aged 75. 5. Triphena, b. Dec. 28, 1663 ; m. 
1685 or 6, Joseph, son of Joseph and Ann Philhrick. 6. Lucy, b. April 21, 
1605. 7. William, b. 1667 ; d. in 1667. 8. William, b. 1669 ; m. Susan- 
na . 9. Mariah, b. May 16, 1672 ; m. March 1, 1695, James Pres- 

cott, Jr., son of James Prescott, Sen., the emigrant of 1668, b. Sept. 1, 
1671, and had Jeremiah, Samuel, Elisha, Sarah, Lucy, Ebenezer, James 
and liebecca. (See Prescott Memorial, pages 233-5.) 

3. V. Thomas, b. in Hampton, 1639 ; m. Feb., 1664, Mary Hussey. He d. Sept. 6, 

vi. Hannah, b. in Hampton, 1641 ; m. June 15, 1659, Henry Dow, Jr., b. in 

England. 1634 • was marshal of the province of New-Hampshire in 1680, 

mandamus counsellor in 1702 ; d. May 6, 1702, aged 08. She d. Aug. 6, 

1704, aged 63. They had : 1. Samuel, b. Nov. 4, 1661. 2. Joseph, b. 
,^ Oct. 20, 1663. 3. Simon, b. March 4, 1667. 4. Jabez, b. Feb. 8, 1872. 
vii. Mary, b. 1644 ; m. Dec. 28, 1665, Samuel Fogg, an early settler of Hampton, 

as his second wife. She d. JNlay 8, 1700. They had : 1. Seth, b. 1666; m. 

1693 or 4, Sarah, dau. of Richard Curwin. 2. James, b. Feb. 16, 1668 ; 

m. Mary , three children. 3. Hannah, b. April 6, 1672. 

2. Francis' (i?o5er^'), b. in England in 1633; m. Dec. 2, 1669, Meri- 
bah Smith, settled in Hampton; d. iS'ov. 15, 1706. They had: 

4. i. Samuel, b. March 3, 1671 ; d. Dec. 6, 1764, aged 93 yrs. 9 mos. 3 days. 

ii. Lucy, b. Sept. 22, 1672 ; m. Jan. 4, 1694, Ichabod, son of Henry Roby, b. 

Nov. 26, 1664. Ten children. 
iii. Susanna, b. Dec. 2, 1674 ; m. Dec. 25, 1696, Benjamin Bachellor,b. July 19, 

1673. They had six children. Their fourth, Susanna, b. in 1702, m. 

Ebenezer Webster, and they were the grand-parents of Hon. Daniel Webster. 

5. iv. Francis, b. Dec. 14, 1676 ; m. Jan. 27, 1698, Hannah Nudd. 

V. Meribah, b. March 17, 1679 ; m. Samuel Tilton ; d. Dec. 14, 1723, aged 44. 
vi. Rebecca, b. Feb. 24, 1681 ; m. March 2, 1706, Samuel Palmer. 

6. vii. Joseph, b. Nov. 25, 1686; m. Dec. 14, 1721, Sarah Moulton; d. Feb. 5, 

1773, aged 86 yrs. 2 mos. 11 days. 

viii. Thomas, D. 1684 ; m. first, ; m. second, Mary, dau. of Benjamin Towle, 

b. May 20, 1695, and d. 1783, aged 88. 

3. Thomas* {Robert^), b. in Hampton in 1639 ; m. Feb. 2, 1664, Mary 
Hussey. He d. in Hampton, Sept. 6, 1686. They had: 

i. Mary, b. May 21, 1665 ; m. 1690, Samuel, son of Henry Robie, b. Aug. 15, 
1659, and d. Jan. 21, 1733. She d. Sept. 5, 1750, aged 85 yrs. 4 mos."4 ds. 
ii. Robert, b. July 27, 1667 ; d. 1686. 

1872.] The Page Family. 77 

7. iii. Christopher, b. Sept. 20, 1070 ; m. Nov. 14, 1689, Abigail, dau. of Daniel 
and Mehitable (Sanborn) Tilton, one of the early settlers of Hampton ; she 
was b. Oct. 28, 1670. He d. Oct. 4, 1751, a;,red 81. 

iv. John, b. Nov. 15, 1672: m. and sold his farm to John Swett, "who married 
his sister, and removed to Cape Ma}' ; d. young. 

V. Tdeodate, b. Feb. 8, 1675 ; d. young. 

vi. Stephen-, b. May 14, 1677; m. Jan. 3, 1701, Mary Rawlings. He d. Feb., 
1714, in his 37th year. 

Tii. Bethia, b. May 23, 1679; m. Dec. 9, 1696, John Swett, son of Benjamin. 
(The son of the first John, and Hester, daughter of Peter Weare. He, 
the first John, was b. 1620, and m. 1647.) John Swett bought the farm 
of his brother-in-law John Page, as above. He was born in 1670, and 
d. in Kingston, N. 11., Jan., 1753, aged 83, leaving a widmv Sarah 
(second wife). Register, vol. vi. p. 57. Bethia had, Huldaii, b. 1699, 
Sarah, John, Elisha, Benjamin, Joseph, and Samuel Winslow, b. 1712. 

4. Samuel' (Francis,'^ Iiobert^),h. March 3, 1671 ; m. first, Jan. 1, 1696, 

Hannah Williams, who d. Dec. 24, 1701. He m. second, Nov. 18, 1702, 

Anne Marshall. He d. Dec. 6, 1764, aged 93 yrs. 9 mos. and 3 days. 

Samuel and Hannah had : 

i. Hannah, b. Oct. 31, 1696 ; d. in infancy, 
ii. Samuel, b. May 3, 1698; d. in infancy, 
iii. Meribah, b. Dec. 18, 1699. 

Samuel Page and Anna had : 

iv. Samuel, bap. Oct. 3, 1703. v. Hannah, bap. Sept. 3, 1704. 

vi. Prudence, b. Sept. 2, 1706 ; m. first, Samuel, son of Samuel and Meribah 
(Page) Tilton, b. Nov. 1, 1703. lie d. and she m. second, John Marston, 
(probably son of Caleb), b. Dec. 19, 1787. He d. and she m. third, Capt. 
AVm. Branscomb. She d. Oct 28, 1796, aged 90. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 12, 1708 ; m. Isaac Tobey. 

viii. Benjajiin, b. March 6, 1709 ; d. 3'oung. 

ix. Solomon, b. March 16, 1710 ; grad. at Harvard, and m. Dorothy . 

X. Jeremiah, b. Sept. 9, 1711. 

xi. John, bap. Nov. 18, 1712 ; m. March 14, 1751, Sarah Sanborn, dau. of Reu- 
ben, b. June 12, 1732 ; settled in Ejjping. 

xii. Benjamin, bap. Nov. 21, 1714; m. Mary Sanborn, dau. of Shubael, bap. 
June 19, 1720. 

xiii. Stephen, baj). Jan. 22, 1716 ; m. first, Nov. 11, 1740, Annie Perkins, dau. of 
James and Huldah (Robie) Perkins, and b. Aug. 24, 1720, d. May 28, 
1752. He m. second, Mary Burnham. 

xiv. Anna, bap. Dec. 7, 1718. xv. Simon, bap. March 17, 1721. 

5. Franx'Is' (Francis,^ liobert'), b. Dec. 14, 1676; m. Jan. 29, 1698, 
Hannah Nudd, and d. Aug. 19, 1755, aged 79 yrs. and 8 mos. They had : 

i. Sarah, b. Oct. 18, 1698 ; m. Josiah Bachelder, son of Nathaniel, by second 

wife, widow Wyman, and b. about 1690-92. 
ii. Anna, b. Nov. 17, 1700; d. young. 
iii. Hannah, b April 16, 1701 ; d. young. 
iv. Meriijah, bap. Feb. 2, 1707. 

T. Elisha, b. March 3, 1708. vi. Josiah, b. July 22, 1709. 

Tii. Anna, b. July 26, 1711. 
Tiii. Charity, b. Oct. 13, 1713 ; d. June 30, 1715. 
ix. Hannah, b. Feb. 17, 1716. x. Mary, bap. Feb. 9, 1718. 

6. Jo.SKPii' (Franms,'' RoherC), b. Nov. 25, 1086; m. Dec. 14, 1721, 
Sarah Moulton ; d. Feb. 5, 1773, aged 86 yrs. 2 mos. 1 1 days. They liad : 

i, Dorothy, b. Sept. 9, 1722. 

li. Francis, b. Ajjril 19, 1724; in. M;iry, dau. of Reuben and Sarah (Leavitt) 

Marst^jn, b. Sept. 14, 1728. He d. May 1, 1802, ai^ed 78. 
iii. Tfieodate, bap. Feb. 6, 1726. iv. Mekibah, bap. ieb. 11, 1728; d. young. 
V. Joseph, baj). March 1, 17.30. 

Ti. Daniel, bap. June 4, 1732 ; settled in Deerfield, N. H. 
Vol. XXVI. 7* 

78 TJie Page Famihj, [January, 

vii. Mertbah, bap. April 13, 1735 ; d. Feb. 4, 1736. 

Tiii. Lucy, bap. Sept. 4, 1737. 

ix. Mary, bap. Dec. 1), 1739 ; m. Benjamin Brown. 

7. CnRTSTornER' {Tliomas,^ Jiohert^),h. Sept. 2, 1670; m. Nov. 14, 

1689, Abigail Tilton, b. Oct. 28, 1670. He d. Oct. 4, 1751, aged 81 yrs. 

1 mo. They had : 

i. Robert, b. Sept. 8, 1690 ; d. July 20, 1706. 

li. AuiGAiL, b. Feb. 21, 1693 ; m. Dec. 23, 1715, William Moulton. She d. 

Jan. 22, 1776, aged 83. 
iii. Mary, b. Dec. 13, 1695 ; m. Sept. 12, 1717, Samuel Dow. She d. March 10, 

1760, aged 84 years and 4 months, 
iv. Lydia, b. Aug. 3, 1698; m. Nov. 15, 1721, John Towle, son of Joseph, b. 

1691, and d. Dec. 5, 1786, aged 92. She d. May 22, 1772, aged 73ii. 
V. Jonathan, b. Feb. 25, 1700 ; m. Jan. 4, 1724, Mary Towle, dau. of Joseph, 

b. March 11, 1701. He d. 1770, aged 70. 
vi. David, b. Nov. 1, 1703 ; m. Jan. 27, 1728, Ruth Dearborn, b. May 21, 1705, 

and d. of fever, Jan. 8, 1741, aged 35 yrn. 7 rao8. 18 dnyn. 

8. vii. SiiuiiAEL, b. Feb. 15, 1707 ; m. Jan. 21, 1731, Ilaunah Dow, b. Jan. 10, 1709. 

He d. May 16, 1791, aged 84 yrs. 3 mos. 

viii. Jeremiau, b. May 28, 1708 ; m. Dec. 17, 1730, Elizabeth, dau. of Abraham 
and Theodate (Kobie) Drake, b. Feb. 28, 1712. lie d. Sept. 18, 1786, aged 
78 jTs. 4 mos. 

ix. Tabitiia, b. Aug. 21, 1711 ; m. Oct. 5, 1710, Caleb, son of Caleb and Ann 
(Moulton) Marston, b. July 3, 1699, as his second wife, and had nine chil- 
dren. She d. May 30, 1792. 

8. Sriur..VEL* {CJtrisfopJicr,^ Thomas,^ Rohcrt^)^ b. Nov. 1, 1707; m. 
Jan. 21, 17ol, Hannah Dow, b. Juno 10, 1709. They liad : 

i. Atuoail, b. Nov. 27, 1731 ; m. Jan. 31, 1753, Joseph llobbs. She d. Dec. 28, 

1790, aged 59 yrs. 1 mo. 
ii. Sarah, b. April 12, 1731 ; m. Dec. 15, 1751, Benjamin Philbrick. Shed. 

July 19, 1831, aged 97 yrs. 3 mos. 7 days, 
iii. Reihen, b. May 24, 1736 ; lost at sea in 1760, in liis 3Uh year, 
iv. M\KV, b. April 6, 1738; m. Jan. 27, 1757, Christjplier Smitli. She d. 

March 28, 1778, aged 40. 
V. Samiel, b. Dec. 12, 1741 ; m. Feb. 7, 1770, Sarah Siicrburnc. lie d. Dec. 6,. 

1821, aged 80. 
vi. Nathaniel, b. Jan. 26, 1746 ; m. Bet^y I/-avitt. He d. Sept., 1800. 

9. vii. AiJNER, b. Nov. 15, 1748; m. Nov. 13, 1785, Abigail Moulton. 
viii. and ix. Twins, )>. 1750 ; d. in infancy. 
X. JosiAU, b. Oct. 17, 1753 ; d. Nov. 14, 1751, aged 1 year 1 mo. 

9. Abxkr* (S/iuhacI* Christopher,"^ Thomas,'' RoherC), b. Nov. 15, 1748 ;j 
m. Nov. 13, 1785, Abigail Moulton. They had : 

i. John, b. Aug. 21, 1786; m. March 7, 1817, Betsey Tuckc. 

ii. Jo-iAH (the genealogist), b. Sept. 24, 1788; m. Dec. 19, 1820, Susai 
Leavitt. He has ever taken a great interest in genealogical investigation, 
and was, in his day, better acquainted with the family records of Hampton 
than any of his contemporaries, and has probably furnished and su|)}jlied 
others with more record and other matter, than any other, if not more than 
all others in Hampton. The records of Hamjiton were as familiar to him as 
household- words, of which he was very liberal in furnishing copies to all who 
applied to him. He could relate many anecdotes and transactions of the early 
settlers which he had gathered from persons much older than himself. His 
knowledge of the records of Hampton was much facilitated by his l)€ing 
for many years town-clerk. It is greatly to be regretted that his usefulness 
has been cut ofi by reason of blindness, which has laid him by for many 
years. It is also stated, that, more recently, his mental faculties are failing. 
He has ever been a modest, unassuming and useful citizen. If living, be 
is now (Dec., 1871), in his 84th year. 

iii. David, b. Oct. 17, 1791 ; m. Feb. 27, 1816. Harriet Norwood. 

Iv. Abigail, b. Nov. 11, 1795 ; m. Dec- 8, 1815, Thomas Leavitt. 


1872.] Notes and Queries. 79 


Gov. Barefoot. — [After our note to Gov. Barefoote's Will {ante^ pp. 13-16) was 
printed, we discovered in the ancient records of Portsmouth, N. H., the following 
memorandum, for a copy of which we are indebted to Marcellus Bufford, Eaq., the 
efficient and courteous city-clerk. Gov. B. is also styled chirurgeon in the court-records 
in Exeter, N. H. This settles the question as to his profession. — Ed.] 

" At a meeting of the selectmen the 11th June, 1678, 

" Agreed with Capt. Barefoote for the curing of Rich; Harvey who lately broke 
his leg, and if s'J Barefoote make a perfect cure providing and finding all means at 
his own cost excepting Rhum for stupes [bandages, &c. £d.] (which the town is to 
find), and if said Barefoote shall perfect the cure he is to have for the same twentie 
pounds all into money or mercht white oak pipe staves at £3:10.s. per m., and if 
m case he perform not a perfect cure, he agrees to have nothing for his pains more 
than 205. in money already p'l him for what he has done for him to this day." 

" Mr. Ric; Harvey deceased the 13th day of this instant June 1678." 

OxNARD Family. — In addition to what is given on pages 3-10 of this number of 
the Register, data respecting this family will be found in Ca])t. Preble's GenealO' 
gical Sketch of the Pirst Three Generations of Prehlesin America. 

Battles. — John Battles, of Plympton, was appointed administrator on the estate 
of his father, John Battles, of Plympton, in probate at Plymouth, Sept. 5th, 1745; 
inventory presented Sept. 17, appraisal £50. 16s. lid. — {Records, vol. viii. p. 314.) 

In Mitchell's Bridgcwater it is stated that John Battles settled at Stoughton 
Corner, where he had children, the youngest of whom, Susannah, married Benjamin 
Washburn in 1742. (Page 113.) 

Deane's History of Scituate mentions Joseph Battles as there from Ilingham in 
1738, the marriage of his son Joseph in 1758, and speaks of descendants of the latter 
living still at Hoop-pole Neck. Deane refers the origin of this family to Robert 
Battile, of Boston (by him written liattles), 1658. The inventory of Battile's 
estate and a list of his creditors are mentioned in His. and Gen. Register^ vol. x. p. 
175, the dates severally 1660 and 1663. r. b. 

LeBaron. — Elizabeth LeBaron, daughter of Lazarus LeBaron, of Plymouth, born 
1745-6, married Rev. Ammi R. Robbins, of Norfolk, Conn., 1762. (See His. and 
Gen. Register, vol. xxv. p. 181.) Her family was large — among them Rev. Thomas 
Robbins, D.D., of Hartford, and was doubly connected with Plymouth as the home 
of the relations of Mrs. R., and of Rev. Chandler Robbins, D.D., minister of 
Plymouth, her husband's brother. In her family the tradition was preserved that 
her grandfather. Dr. Francis LeBaron, was of Huguenot origin ; that he was held in 
confinement as a student in a Jesuit college to be educated as a priest ; that he 
escaped over the wall of its enclosure to the sea-coast, and found refuge upon a ship, 
and may have become its surgeon. The writer has himself heard this tradition from 
the lips of Mrs. Robbins in her family in Norfolk, where she survived until 1829. It 
tallies certainly with the history of the period referred to, preceding 1696, when the 
severest affliction of the Huguenots was from the abstraction and confinement of 
their children and youth to be educated in the faith of the state. In the neighbor- 
hood of Rochelle and Bordeaux, as elsewhere, maritime enterprise was largely in 
Protestant hands, and furnished an opportunity of escape to the refugees. So the 
Jesuit style of education for the priesthood might in many cases include a knowledge 
of surgery. The youthful refugee, LeBaron, was received as surgeon on a privateer, 
and when shipwrecked on the New-England coast was content to make himself a 
home by such means of a professional- livelihood as he could command, among 
strangers. His religious opinions may not have been disclosed. Thatcher states 
that he wore a cross upon his breast to the last, and was a " Catholic." But who saw 
the cross, and who interpreted it, if any but rumor reported it? If not a symbol 
of his own faith, was it a keepsake cherished by another's? The Huguenot was not 
a Puritan, the French exile not English, the stranger not in his heart altogether one 
with his neighbors. The family tradition, as held by Mrs. Robbins, is confirmed as 
such in the sermon preached at her funeral by Rev. Ralph Emerson, September 30, 
1829, printed in Hartford, of which an extract is given below. Mr. Emerson, the 


Notes and Queries, 


successor of her husband in the pastorate, had boarded many months in her family, 
and lived in most intimate habits of association with herself and her kindred. He 
subsequently was professor of ecclesiastical history in Andover Seminary, and was 
personally and as a scholar worthy to speak the euloojy of one of the most venerable 
of women : — " She was born January 1, 1746, in Plymouth in Massachusetts — a 
spot forever so sacred to every true child of the Pilgrims who there found a refuge 
from the hand of oppression. Her father was Dr. Lazarus LeBaron, a respectaWe 
and beloved physician, and a descendant of those persecuted Huguenots whose 
prayers are still signally answered by a covenant-keeping God, in spiritual mercies 
on their posterity. . . . Where the prayers of the suffering pious from two nations 
unite, and their blood flows in the same veins, what blet-sings may meet — what 
responsibilities concur ! " p. b. 

Puffer. — Mathias Puffer married in Braintree, 12 March, 1662, Rachel Farns- 
worth. Can any one give me information about her ? And was she possibly the 
same with either Rebecca orRuthy, daughters of Joseph Farnsworth, of Dorchester? 
Ruth is made to appear wife of William Puffer in Dorchester Church Records ? Is 
this a mistake ? 

I want information about INIrs. Elizabeth Gregory, who was admitted to the 
church of Milton, b. 6 May, 1694. W. S. Appleton. 

The First Wedding in New-England. — [The first wedding ever celebrated in the 
New-England colonies, took place ]May 12th, 1621, 250 years ago, and five months 
after the landing of the Pilgrims on Plymouth Rock. The names of the happy pair 
were Mr. Edward VVinslow and Mistress Susanna White. 

The late Miss Frances M. Caulkins, the historian, celebrated the event in the fol- 
lowing lines which we print from her autograph. — Ed.] 

First bride, first bridegroom of the land, 
Under the Christian banner ; 

The straitest of a strait-laced band, 
Young Winslow and gentle Susannah. 

Hail to the nuptials, shining fair, 
At the head of our puritan story ! 

It brightens all New-England air. 
With a stream of wedding glory. 

No bells, no pomp, but side by side, 
Pure in soul and prim in manner, 

Such methinks was the wedding tide, 
Of Winslow and his fair Susannah. 

could I sway the countless years, 
Downward o'er our country flowing, 

All the weddings of all the spheres, 
Should with these pattern tints be glowing. 

Such weddings with such groom and bride, 
So linked with grace and duty, 

Ten thousand fold be multiplied, 
In all their homely beauty. 

Not games or banquets mark the day, 
Plain robes, not costly dressing : 

Solemnities and not display, 
Few friends, and hearty blessing. 

When faith is pledged and hearts unite, 

'Tis a type of heavenly union ; 
Sacred should be the nuptial rite 

To home born heart-communion, [f. m. c. 

The Old Fort on Conanicut Island, near Newport, R. I. — In some late pub- 
lications, particularly in the tale of Newport, lately published by Ticknor & Fields, 
under the name of" Malbone," this old fort, which commonly bears the name of 
Fort Dumplin, is called Fort Louis. Is this merely the fancy of the novelist, or is 
there any authority for the name ? 

There is a map extant which bears the following title : — A Topographical chart of 
the Bay of Narraganset in New-England, taken by Charles Blaskowitz, and dedicated 
to Lord Percy, Lt. Gen. of his majesty'' s forces, showing the several works and bat- 
teries raised by the Americans, with the banks, shoals and rocks. London, 1777. This 
chart, which seems to have an ofiicial character, shows no batteries at the Dump- 
lins or the Beaver-tail, though both these points are laid down by name. It 
shows the north Battery, now called Fort Greene, and a fort on Goat Island, which 
are all the works laid down. 

We have also seen a French atlas, called Pilots Americain Septentrional A Paris, 
Geographic du Roi, 1776-7. This contains a map or chart of Narraganset Bay, which 
shows no fort at the Dumplins, though the north battery and a fort on Goat Island 

are represented As neither of these French and English charts, drawn for 

the use of the fleets and armies of those nations, showed any fort at the Dumplins, it 
seems probable that none existed there in 1777. 

Now General Pigot, the British commander on Newport Island in 1778, in his 
despatch of Aug. 31st, of that year to Sir Henry Clinton, describing the battle which 
took place in that month by sea and land, near Newport, writes thus : — " The next 

1872.] Notes and Queries, 81 

morning the guns on the Beavcr-tail and Dumplin batteries . . . were rendered unser- 
viceable, as the (French) fleet entering the harbor would cut off all communication 
with that island (Conanicut). On the 8th inst., at noon, the French fleet standing 
in under a light sail, kept up a warm fire on Brenton's Point, Goat Island, and the 
North Batteries." 

It thus appears, that in 1777, there were no fortifications except at Dyer's Point 
(the North Battery), and at Goat Island. That in 1778, there existed works at 
Brenton's Point, Beaver-tail, and the Dumplins. These latter forts must have been 
built in that year by the British, who held the islands, and we have seen that the 
last named work was known to Gen. Pi^ot by the same name which the fishermen 
give to it to-day, viz.. Fort Dumplin. We certainly cannot believe that a fort built 
in war time by the British, would have been named for the kin"; of the hostile 
nation. That would be, as if during our late war the forts around Washington had 
been named for Jeff. Davis or Napoleon, If Fort Dumplin ever had its name 
changed to Fort Louis, it must have been after the British left these shores, and the 
work fell into American hands. Is there any record of such a change of name? c. 

Henry Short and Anne Longfellow, of Newbury, Mass., and an Ancient 
PIECE OF FuRNiTURE.~Not long ago my attention was directed, at a neighbor's 
house, to a curious piece of antique furniture, which on examination reminded me 
of a description of one similar which I saw in a former number of the Register, 
and which was supposed to have once belonged to Eliot, the apostle to the Indians. 

This one has shared the varied fortunes of one of our oldest families for nearly 
two centuries. The owner says it used to be called a dressing-case. When it came 
into her possession , age and neglect had shorn it of its completeness and greatly marred 
its beauty. The top or cover was gone, which in all probability added much to its 
appearance ; and evidently much of the inside furnishing is gone also. I wish I 
could give as good a drawing of this as you had of the Eliot cabinet. 

It is made of oak, and stands on turned feet about two inches from the floor. As 
it now is, it is about 19 inches in height, 20 broad and 14 in depth. The shallow 
box in the upper part has several partitions curiously arranged, for what purpose we 
hardly know. Next below are two drawers, which are fastened by a slide passing 
down through a groove from the top, into a mortise-hole in the top of the drawers. 
These are divided one into two and the other into three parts. Below these at the 
bottom of the chest is a long drawer which is fastened by a spring underneath. The 
whole is handsomely carved. The present owner, Miss Abby S. Short, has had a 
plain lid attached to the top, as the most fitting under the circumstances. As it is, it 
is quite an ornamental piece of workmanship. On the strip between the drawers 
is carved in large figures " 1694," and on the Idwer drawer are these initials placed 
in this style u ^ a • These with the date give the article an historic place. 

The town records of Newbury give the marriage of Henry Short and Anne Long- 
fellow May 11, 1092. She was widow of William Longfellow, and daughter of 
Henry Sewali. He was born March 11, 1652, and married for his first wile Sarah 
Whipple, Muieh 30, 1674. He was quite a prominent man in the town ; was town 
clerk for many yeais, and taught the school, as his account book gives a list of the 
boys of the period who attended. He was son of Mr. Henry Short, who came with 

the first settlers in 1635, and died May 5, 1673. His first wife was Elizabeth . 

His second wife, and the mother of his children, was Sarah Glover, whom he mar- 
ried Oct. 9, 1648. M. T. Little. 

Query. — [ find the following in the Gentleman''s Magazine^ 1776 : — 
"Oct. 2, 1776. A French ship of 62 guns, arrived at Bo8t(jn, said to be purchased 
at Toulcm by Mr. Silas Dean ; she had her guns in her hold." Quer}' — what ship 
was this, and was she so purchased? p. 

Hamlin, James. — Any one who has given any attention to, or has been engaged in 
perfecting a record of the descendants oi' James Ilamlin, of Barnstable, Mass., will 
confer a favor by addressing " F. H. Hamlin, Box 915, Albany, N. Y." 

Expenses of the First Celehration of the 4Tn of July, ly Congress, in 1777. 
— 3^32.47-90. " In consequence of an adjustment by the coinmissioners of claims 
the auditor-general reports, that there is due to Daniel Smith, of the city tavern, 
for his bill of Expenses of Confrrehs on the 4th of July last, including the balance 
of an old account 729.68-90 dollars ; also a bill for materials, workmanshij), etc. 
furnislied for the fireworks on tlie 4th July, 102.69-90 dollars; amounting in the 
whole to 832.47-90 dollars." — (Journals of Congress, Friday, August 8, 1777.) 

Why is the fraction expressed in ninclicihs and not hundredths ? p. 

82 Notes and Queries. [January. 

Standish (Myles) and Key. Dr. Parish. — In referring to the descendants of Cap- 
tain Myles Standish , to whose memory it is contemplated to erect a monument at 
Duxbury, and none of the early pilgrims more richly deserves one, as no allusion 
has been made to it, I infer it is not generally known that the Rev. Dr. Parish, of 
Byfield, was his lineal descendant. Dr. Parish alludes to the fact in his History of 
New- England, in which he says that a son of Standish died in Duxbury — a grand- 
son, Deacon Joseph 'Standish, moved to Norwich, Conn., of whom he was the 
great grandson. Dr. Parish inherited many of the characteristics of the great 
puritan captain, m. — {Newburyport Herald, Aug. 25, 1871.) 

Gov. Samuel Allen. — In April, 1691, The heirs of Capt. John Mason sold their 
interest in the various patents of land granted to Captain Mason, to Samuel Allen, 
of London, who about the same time procured of the crown a commission for the 
government of the province of New-Hampshire. In 1698, Gov. Allen came to this 
country and assumed the government. He died in 1705, leaving widow Elizabeth, 
one son, and three daughters. In 1708, administration was granted on his goods 
and chattels in the house of his widow then living in Charlestown, Mass. Among 
the items inventoried are. Gov. Allen's picture, and the pictures of his three chil- 
dren. One daughter married Lieut Gov. Usher. 

Can any one tell me where Gov. Allen's picture may be seen? Also, who his 
other two daughters married ? Also, where are his papers relating to his New- 
Hampshire interests ? • c. w. T. 

G. F. G. — {ante, xxiv. 192). The writer of the memorandum bearing this signa- 
ture was George F. Guild, who died in Havana, June 24, 1853, a. 42 {ante, vii. 375). 

His library, which was rich in American history, was sold at auction by Clark & 
Son, at Boston, Oct. 12, 1853. j. w. d. 

Watte. — In the Register, vol. xxv. p. 39, John Wayte, eon of Gamaliel, of 
Boston, "is supposed to be the same who was settled in Maiden." Except in simi- 
larity of names, grounds for this supposition are not apparent. 

John Watte, of Maiden, was son of Samuel and IMary (Ward) Wayte, of 
Wethersfield, co. Essex, Eng. (Dean's Memoir of Nathaniel Ward, p. 129), and 
was born about 1618. He accompanied, or followed, to N. En^., his father-in-law, 
Joseph Hills, who came in the "Susan and Ellen," of London, in 1638. They were 
leading men in the settlement of Maiden, and together represented the town in the 
house of deputies for a period of thirty-four years, and both attained the speaker's 
Beat. John Wayte was prominent in town and colonial affairs, and had the honor 
of notice by Randolph in his "Articles of High Misdemeanor." {Hutch. Papers, 
vol. ii. p. 266, Prince So.) He died Sept. 26, 1693. He married in Endand, Mary, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Dunster) Hills, of Maiden, co. Essex, \mo died Nov. 
25, 1674. He married, August 4, 1675, Sarah Parker, who died Jan. 13, 1707-8, 
aged 81. John and Mary AV ayte had : — 
i. John, m. June 12, 1674, Sarah Muzzy; removed to Rumney Marsh, where 

he d. in 1722. 
ii. Joseph, m. Aug. 7, 1672, Hannah, daughter of Thos. and Elizabeth Oakes, 
b. in Cambridge, May 4, 1657. He m. Oct. 24, 1688, Mercy, daughter 
of Peter and Mary (Pierce) Tufts, who survived him, and m., June 11, 
1694, Lemuel Jenkins, of Maiden, and d. July 19, 1736. He d. in 1692. 
iii. Samuel, b. in Maiden, Oct. 11, 1650; m. Mehitahle, daughter of Wm. and 
Sarah Bucknam, b. Aug., 1654, d. Sept. 17, 1734 ; and d. Sept. 20, 1720. 
iv. Mart, b. Aug. 31, 1653 ; d. Aug. 9, 1667. 

v. Hannah, b. Sept. 9, 1656 ; m. Oct. 11, 1676, Wm. Bucknam, of Maiden, 
who d. Sept. 16, 1693; m. Jan. 12, 1693-4, Joseph Hasey, of Rumney 
Marsh, who d. June 28, 1707. Place and date of death unknown. 
vi. Mehitable, b. Sept. 15, 1658 ; m. Deliverance Parkman, of Salem, and d. 
before 1686. 

vii. Thomas, b. Sept. 1, 1660 ; m. Mary , who d. Jan. 6, 1763, aged 96 ; and 

d. Dec. 23, 1742. 
viii. Rebecca, b. Nov.22,1662 ; m. in Charlestown, March 31,1681, Jonathan Tufts. 
ix. Sarah, m. April 25, 1684, Nathaniel Stone, of Sudbury. 

s. Nathaniel, b. jMay 27, 1667 ; m. Elizabeth ; was selectman in 1707 ; and 

d. about 1714. D. P. Coret. 

The United States Flag. — Query — When and where did our federal flag obtain 
the name of ' ' Old Glory " .^ . P. « . 

1872.] Notes and Queries, 83 

The Skinners of Colchester, Conn. — {Answer to ^^ E. H., Chicago, JZ^.," p. 
388, Register, 1871.) 
The Skinners of Colchester, Conn., went from Hartford or vicinity, probably. 
The following is also probable. 

John^ Isham, of Barnstable, Mass. ; m. 16 Dec, 1677, Jane Parker. 
John^ " b. at " " 25 Auf;., 1681. 

John^ '' called 2d of Colchester, b. 1720 ; m. 19 Dec, 1751, Dorothy Foote. 
Yonkers, N. Y. n. n. o. 

Trull, as a surname. — The subjoined communication, of the Lord Bishop of Bath 
and AVells, writing from Trull, one of the oldest parishes in England, suggests the 
origin of the family bearing that surname. 

" Trull, Sept. 8, 1871. 
*' My dear Sir, 

" I duly received your letter of July 7th, and lost no time in making 
such enquiries from learned friends as might assist me in answering your question, 
as to the etymology of the name Trull. Happening in the course of my diocesan 
duties to be staying in the parish, I have begun to write to you from hence, but 
ehall finish my letter after my return to Wells. The friends whom I have asked to 
assist me are Mr. E. Forrman, the learned historian, and Mr. Justice VVilles, who, 
besides being the ablest judge on the Bench, has extensive acquaintance with many 
branches of literature. 

"I. It is to be presumed that your name is derived from this parish of Trull ; pos- 
sibly you may have the means of knowing whether your ancestors came from Somer- 
setshire. If they did, we might take it as certain that they derived their name from 
that place. 1 am informed that Trull has existed and still exists as a proper name, 
and a friend tells me, that in Edward II Id's reign, a Walter de Trill gave certain 
rents in the parish of MarnhuU near Blandford to found a chaplaincy in that parish. 
Trull is pronounced Trill by the common people to this day, which looks as if Trull 
were a AVelsh word. The Welsh always pronounce u like y, or i. 

" II. The enquiry remains, what is the derivation of Trull as the name of a place. 
Mr. Seller, the rector of Trull, tells me, that he considers it a contraction for Treudle ; 
that there are two tithings in Trull and the adjoining parish of Titminster, still 
called Treudle, and that Dugdale speaks of Treudle or Trull. Treudle means a bowl, 
which seems suitable to the situation of the church or village in a hollow. 

" The name has nothing whatever to do witli the Shakspearian Trull, which is 
Teutonic and connected with our root, Slroll. Vie speak of a strolling player ; the 
idea would be a vagabond woman of unsettled habits. Or it might be connected 
with the Trolls, which play such a prominent part in the Norse popular tales. (Vide 
Dasent's Norse Tales. y^ 

We are glad to be able to add, that the letter of our distinguished correspondent 
closes with an intimation that something more upon this interesting archeeological 
Bubject will be furnished hereafter. 
Brookline, Mass., 23 Oct., 1871. W. B. Trull, M.D. 

Thomas's History of Printing in America. — The American Antiquarian Society 

{)ropose to issue a new edition of this rare and valuable work from a revised copy 
eft by the author. An appendix will contain entirely new articles upon early 
printing in Spanish America and the United States ; a list of publications in the 
United States prior to 1776 ; and other matters of later information relating to 
printers and printing on this continent. A finely engraved portrait of the author 
will accompany the work. 

This edition will make two vols., 8vo., of about 500 pages each, and will be print- 
ed in a manner worthy of its subject, and creditable to the American press. The 
price will be, to subscribers, $7.50 in cloth, .'^lO in half turkey morocco. 

As a large edition is not contemplated, it is desirable to learn how many copies 
are likely to be called for beyond those required for the immediate uses of the Society. 

The Bagg Family. — Mr. Lyman II. Bagg, of West Springfield, Mass., is engaged 
in preparing a genealogy of this family, and solicits information from all sources. 

Marshall — Winslow. — Can any one give the ancestry or any facts about John 
Marshall who married Elizabeth Winslow? (Vide Register, vol. xxv. p. 358). 
He died in May, 1772, in his 70th year; she Nov., 1768, in her 72d year. Their 
daufi;iiter Kuth was born in Freetown, Mass., April 1, 1737, but married and lived 
in East lladdam, Conn. 

84 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [January, 

Early Paper Making in Massachusetts. Advertisements. — " Some years ago 
the art of Paper Making was set up in this Province, tho' for want of Persons, that 
understood the Business, it failed ; but lately one Mr. Clark^ has carried it on at 
the Mills in Milton, to as great Perfection as at Pennsylvania ; And all the discou- 
ragements the Manufacture at present meets with is the want of RAGS If 

the Heads of Families would therefore order their Children and Servants to collect 
and save the Rags that are often thrown away, they would not only receive a 
valuable consideration therefor, but promote a Manufacture whereby the Exporta- 
tion of some Thousands of Pounds a Year would be saved this Province. 

'* Cash for RAGS of Linen, coarse and fine, old Sail Cloth, Cotton or Checks, will 
be given by Mr. Boice, near the South Battery in Boston or at the Paper Mills in 
Milton."— (Nath'l Ames's Almanack for 1764.) 

*' Many of thes'3 Almanacks were printed on paper made at Milton, those who are 
desirous of encouraging our own Manufactures, are requested to save RA GS :—for 
linnen and cotton linnen Rags, finer than Oznaburgs two Coppers a pound will be 
given ; and one Copper for coarse whites and checks : They are taken in at John Boyes, 
near the South Battery in Boston, and at the Paper Mills at Milton.^'' — (Ames's 
Almanack for 1776). 

*' Mr. Mascoll Williams gives Cash for Linen Rags coarse and fine at his Shop in 
Salem.'''' — {Philo^s Essex Almanack for 1770.) 

*' F. Russell at his printing office next the hell tavern in Danvers carries on the 
printing business in its several branches ; where travelling trades <SfC, are desired to 
call and supply themselves with a number of new books, some of which are on the times, 
and will be sold cheap. 

" In compliance with a late resolve of the general assembly of this State, (Sd. lb. will 
be paid for white lin. and cot. lin. rags, A.d. lb. for coarse and check do. or old canvas 
and sail cloth, '2d. for old junk delivered at the printing office, or to the four paper 
Mills at Milton. Weaver'' s thrums and shoemakers and taylors linen shreds will make 
good paper. 

1^ Said Russell has to sell cheap. Bibles, with Dr. 'Watts''s Psalms in them. 
Testaments. Watts and Tate's and Brady^s Psalms. Psalters, Spelling Books, Prim- 
ers, Watts Divine Songs for children. Writing paper, Quills, Wafers, cf'C." — 
(Bickerstaff's Boston Almanack for 1779.) 

Queries — who was the predecessor of Mr. Clark in the art of paper-making in 
Massachusetts, and what is known concerning him and his enterprise ? 

Who was Mr. Clark — and are any of the four paper mills, at work in 1779 in 
Milton, now in existence? 

Is the Bell Tavern at Danvers, of which there is a rude cut in the almanack for 
1779, still standing ? P. 


[Communicated by Rev. Donus Clarke, D.D., Historiographer.] 

Rev. Joseph Addison Copp, D.D.— The ancestry of Dr. Copp, for six generations, 
was as follows : 

1. William Cope, born in England in 1609, and emigrated to Boston, in New-Eng- 
land, in 1635. He was the first proprietor of " Copp's Hill." He joined the First 
Church in Boston, June 20, 1640. 

2. David (now called) Copp, the eldest son of William Cope, was born in 1635 ; 
was an elder in the North Church, and died in Boston, Nov. 1715. 

3. Jonathan, second son of David and Obedience (Topliff) Copp, was born in Bos- 
ton, Feb. 23, 1664, and died in Montville, Conn., Nov. 9, 1746. 

4. Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Catharine (Lay) Copp, of Lyme, Conn., was 
born June 12, 1694. 

5. Joseph, son of Jonathan and Margaret (Stanton) Copp, was born in Stonington, 
Conn., in 1732, and died in 1815. 

1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, 85 

G. Daniel, son of Josv^ph and Rachel (Dcnnison) Copp, was born in New-London, 
Conn., Aug 4, 17(59, and died Jan. 10, lb22. 

The subject of this sketch v/as the third son of Daniel and Sarah (AUj'n) Copp, 
and was born in Groton, Conn., now called Ledj^ard, July 4, 1804. When he was 
yet a boy, he went to St. Mary's, Ceo., and to St. Augustine, Fla., where be 
spent several years, and the education he received there was conducted by two 
Koman Catholic prie.sts, and wholly in the Spanish language. He was employed by 
the priests as an altar-]x)y at the mass in the Koman Catholic Church, and it was 
their intention to tit him for the priesthood of that church. 

At about the age of sixteen his father died, and relinquishing all claims upon the 
paternal estate, he went to New-Orleans to seek his fortune. But, without friends 
and without fortune, he was unconsciously under the protection of his Father in 
heaven. On his arrival in New-Orleans, he embarked in an English ship for 
Liverpool. As the ship passed down the Mississippi, it was ascertained, by arrivals 
coming in from Europe, that England was on the eve of a war with France, ana the 
danger of impressment into the British service was so imminent, that he 'eft the 
ship at the Balize and returned to New-Orleans. The ship, instead of being boarded 
by British cruisers, as was feared, foundered at sea. 

An unknown hand still directed his steps. It was now midsummer, and fearing 
to remain in New-Orleans at that season of the year, he took passage up the river, 
intending to return in the autumn. Here his [)lans were again overruled. On his 
slow passage up tlie Mississippi, he v/as taken sick, and after intense safiering, he 
was put on shore on the banks of the Cumberland Kiver, without earthly friends, 
in a state of great bodily prostration, and almost entirely without mone3^ He at 
last found a temporary home among entire strangers, who took him in, cared for 
him in his sickness, and provided for his immediate wants. He finally succeeded in 
obtaining a school, where he remained a year in the bosom of a Christian family 
who were interested in his case. He was skeptical and irreligious, and often silenced 
others by his skilful dialectics, in their efforts to reclaim him from his infidelity. 
By and by, however, his heart began to relent, and he at last yielded to the force of 
truth. His intentions and aspirations were now suddenly changed, and from that 
hour on to the close, he was an intrepid defender of the faith which before he had 
Fcorned. A new [)lan of life now opened before him. He had laid himself irrevoca- 
bly upon the altar of duty. Immediately he cjmmenced study preparatory to col- 
lege and to the Christian ministry. He soon entered Cumberland College in Prince- 
ton, Ky., was early licensed to preach, and often walked fifteen or twenty miles on 
Saturday to supply some neighboring congregation, and returned to his studies on 
Monday. A year after his graduation, he was called to assist the president of the 
college for a short period in the instruction of the higher classes, and about twenty- 
five years afterward, and soon after his settlement in Chelsea, he was invited to the 
presidency of that institution. For three or four years he performed ministerial ser- 
vice in Winchester, Tenn., where his labors were signally blessed. 

The summer of 1835 he spent in New-Haven, attending the theological lectures 
in Yale Cv)llege, and in the autumn he was called to the pastorate of the Presbyte- 
rian church in Sag Harbor, L. 1. There, for sixteen years, his consistent life, his 
glowing, persuasive eloquence, his urbane manners, and his profound knowledge of 
human nature, contributed largely to his usefulness. 

In 1851 he was invited to take the charge of the i^ewly formed Broadway church, 
in Chelsea, jMass., w'herc fi)r twelve years he labored with his wonted measure of 
success. But in Nov. 18G3, he was suddenly smitten down by paralysis, and though 
he lived six years afterward, he was never able to resume the active duties of his 
much-loved profession. A repetition of the paralytic attack, on tiie evening of the 
Sunday, Nov. 7, 1869, suddenly terminated his scholarly, useful, and somewhat 
eventful life, at the age of sixty-five years. 

The Rev. Samuel E. Herrick, his successor in the pastorate of the Broadway 
church, delivered a highly appropriate address at the funeral of Dr. Copp, and sub- 
sequently a discourse more minutely commemorative of his life and character, to 
which I am largely indebted for the facts contained in this article. 

In 185G, the University of Tennessee honored itself and him by conferring upon 
him the degree of Doctor in Divinity. He was admitted a resident member of the 
N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, Sept. 21, 1858, and on one occasion he read an 
interesting paper beibre the society, on the " Collections of the Library of Mr. Teft," 
of Savannah, Ga. But we shall enjoy tlie results of his literary taste, and sec his 
genial face no more in this hall. He was frequently present at its monthly meetings, 
and though he rarely took a very active part iu the proceedings, his occasional 
Vol. XXVI. 8 

86 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [January, 

remarks ttIU Ions; he remembered for their good sense, and his gentlemanly manners 
•were worthy of universal imitation. 

Dr. Copp was married July 13, 1836, to Miss Fedora Frances Isham, daughter of 
Ralph and Laura Worthington Isham, of Colchester, Conn. He had four children, 
two of whom died in infancy, and two, with their mother, survive their father, 
namely: Laura Worthington, born in Sag Harbor, L. I., March 28, 1847, and La- 
cretia Burr, born in the same place, July 25, 1849. 

Hon. Joshua Victor Hopkins Clark.— Mr. Clark was admitted a corresponding 
member of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, March 21, 1855. He 
died in Onondaga, N. Y., June 18, 1869, aged 66 years. 

He was the son of Thomas and Ruth (Morse) Clark, and was born at Cazenovia, 
N. Y., Feb. 6, 1803. He was descended paternally from Thomas Clark, of Plymouth, 
who came in the Ann in 1623 ; and maternally from Samuel Morse, an early settler 
oF Dcdham, Mass. 

In Vv^ry early manhood, he commenced writing for the agricultural papers, and 
subsequently he was a large contributor to the columns of the Genesee Fanner and 
the Albany Cultivator. 

He remained upon the homestead until he was twenty-five j'ears of age, when he 
removed to Eagle village, where he resided until 1838, when he removed to JNJanlius, j 
where he continued to reside, and cultivated a large farm until within the last ten i 
years, with scientific skill and pecuniary success. ; 

After his removal to Manlius, his taste for historica research began to develops | 
itself. It was there that he composed the only two works which he ever published, , 
namely ; The History of Onondaga, in two large volumes, and Lights and Lines of | 
Lidian and Pioneer Life. The latter work was spoken of by the London Times, as j 
containing legends which bear on their face the stamp of genuineness, Avithout re- j 
vealing the interpolations of the interpreter or the translator. During the last ten j 
or twelve years of his life, Mr. Clark published in the Syracuse Journal a number of ^ 
articles of great historical value. His rare combination of the labors of a practical \ 
farmer with those of an author, and his various efforts to promote the cause of edu- , 
cation in the state of New-York, attracted the attention of the public, and he became ^ 
the recipient of many honorary testimonials. He was elected a corresponding mem- \ 
l)er not only of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, but of several literary and ; 
scientific societies in New-York, New-England and the \Yestern States. Geneva ; 
College conferred upon him the honorary title of Master of Arts. Residing in the i 
vicinity of the Onondaga tribe of Indians, he took a deep interest in their social and 
religious prosperity, and was elected and duly installed an honorary civil chief in : 
January, 1850, with the title of Go-yah-de-Kae-na-has, signifying, the Friend and j 
Defender. He was also deeply interested in the cause of universal education, ] 
and did not a little to improve the common school system of the state of New- York, j 
For nearly thirty years he was an active and efficient trustee of the Manlius Acade- 
my, and secretary to the board of trustees the most of the time. 

He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal church for forty years, and ves- i 
tryman and warden at different times. He was sincere in his belief, and thorough J 
as an officer. He was a member of the New- York legislature for the year 1855, and, ; 
in consequence of his civil relation to the " Six Nations," he was made chairman 
of the committee on Indian Affairs. His reports upon the condition of the Indians . 
of New York, and the x\nti-lleht question then agitating the public mind, are re- I 
markable for their clearness and erudition. He w^as for several years the president \ 
of the village corporation, and in every way possible gave his aid and influence to ; 
make Maniius one of the prettiest villages in central New- York. ; 

He was the tirst president of the Manlius and Pompey Agricultural Society, and \ 
the first president of the Onondaga Historical Association. His numerous transla- ' 
tions from French authors, concerning the missions of the Jesuits and their occu- 
pancy of the country, his biographical sketches of Indian chiefs and other prominent . 
men, and his compilations of facts and figures, which embrace hundreds of proper i 
nnmes and thousands of dates, are so many testimonials to his intense assiduity andi 
great accurac}*. < 

When Mr. Schoolcraft published his Notes on the Iroquois, he did not give Mr. i 
Clark that credit which it is believed he should have done, for his legend of Hi-a- j 
wat-ha ; and when Prof. Longfellow published his celebrated Song of Hi-a-wat-ha, ', 
the curiosity of the public was considerably excited in regard to some of the inci-] 
dents referred to in that elaborate and popular poem. A warm controversy arose . 
between ^Ir. Clark and Mr. Schoolcraft, in which Mr. Clark asserted his claims to • 

1872.] iV". E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 87 

the honor of having first published the legend, which had suddenly assumed such 
prominence in the public mind, and which he had obtained from two aged chiefs of 
the Onondaga tribe. Mr. Schoolcraft, in reply, imputed to Mr. Clark motives un- 
worthy of a gentleman, and superciliously ignored his claim to that honor ; and Mr. 
Clark, in turn, clearly convicted Schoolcraft of plagiarism, if not of untruthfulness. 
It is not my province to enter into that controversy, nor even to express any opinion 
upon the merits pf the case only so far forth as the interests of historic truth evi- 
dently require. 

That Mr. Schoolcraft did Mr. Clark great injustice in that matter is made quite 
clear by Mr. Francis Parkman in his late work, The Jesuits in North America in the 
Seventeenth Century, a work which presents the Indian traditions more fully, perhaps, 
than any other now before the public. Mr. Parkman says, " In ail Mr. School- 
craft's productions, the reader must scrupulously reserve his right of private judg- 
ment." lie also says of Mr. Schoolcraft's six large quarto volumes, entitled. The 
History, Condition, and Prospects of Indian Trihes,^ " It is a singularly crude and 
illiterate production, stuffed with blunders and contradictions, giving evidence on 
every page of a striking unfitness either for historical or philosophical inquiry, and 
tasking to the utmost the patience of those who would extract what is valuable in 
it from its oceans of pedantic verbiage." From this view of Mr. Schoolcraft's his- 
torical work, it is almost lan unavoidable inference, that Mr. Clark had altogether 
the hest side in that controversy, and that his claim to the honor of having fiisi: 
published the legend of lli-a-wat-ha, is just. Several years ago, Mr. Clark sent 
this Society a long account of this unpleasant aflair, which may be found among 
the Society's manuscripts. 

The last five years of JNIr. Clark's life were rendered sad by a cancerous affection 
which attacked his face, and for the last year kept him almost constantly in a state 
of physical and mental torture. 

As a farmer Joshua V. H. Clark was sagacious, scientific and successful; as a 
public man he was honest and upright; as a Christian, zealous and hopeful ; as a 
friend, devoted and firm ; as a neighbor, kind and obliging ; as an essayist, instruc- 
tive and entertaining ; as a historian, faithful and truthful ; and take him, for all in 
all, he possessed a union of qualities not often found in the same individual. 

Mr. Clark was married Feb. 10, 18.30, to Phebe A. Sims, by whom he had five 
children : William Thomas, b. March 11, 18.31, and resides in Omaha, Neb. ; Albert 
Gallatin, b. Jan. 6, 1833 ; resides in Osceola, Mo. ; Louise Helen, b. June 27, 1839, 
now Mrs. C. W. Uenning, of Golconda, 111.; Sopiiia Adaline, b. Dec. 11, 1811, 
resides in Manlius, 0.; and Cornelia Sims, b. July 20, 1847, resides in Manlius, 0. 

Gen. Appletox IIowe, M.D. — Dr. Appleton Howe was born in Ilopkinton, Mass., 
Nov. 26, 1792, and died in South Weymouth, Oct. 10, 1870, aged 77 years. His earliest 
American ancestor, on his father's side, was James Howe (son of Robert, of Hat- 
field Broad Oak, Fssex, England), who emigrated from England and settled in 
Ipswich, Mass. He was born about 1605, and died May 17, 1702, ante, viii. 148. 
He had a son by the name of Abraham Howe, who also had a son by the name of 
Abraham Howe. Gen. Howe's ancest;)r, of the fourth generation, was Dea. Abra- 
ham Howe, who married Lucy Appleton, of Ipswich, whose grandfather's name 
was John Appleton, and who died Jan. 4, 1794. John Appleton was a remote de- 
scendant of Samuel Appleton, who was born at Little VValdingfield, Eng., and 
emigrated to Ipswich, Mass., in 1635-6. This Samuel Appleton Avas also the ances- 
tor of the Appletons of Boston. 

Dea. Abraham Howe was the father of Rev. Nathaniel Howe, of Ilopkinton, 
Mass., who was born in Ipswich, Mass., Oct. 6, 1764, and graduated at Harvard 
College in 178(5. The Rev. Nathaniel Howe, of Ilopkinton, the father of Dr. Howe, 
"Was settled over the (Congregational church in that place, Nov. 26, 1791, and re- 
tained that position till 1830, a period of thirty-nine years. 

Dr. Howe, on his mother's side, descended from Col. John Jones, who received 
his military commission from one of the Georges before he left Kngland. Col. John 
Jones was the lather of Olive Jones, who was the mother of Dr. Howe. She was 
a native of Ashland, then a part of the town of Ilopkinton. 

Dr. Appleton Howe graduated at Harvard College in 1815. Among his class- 
mates were the Rev. Richard M. Hodges and the Hon. John G. Palfrey. He took 
his medical degree at Harvard in 1819, alter pursuing a course of study with Drs. 
John C. Warren and John Ware. He soon commenced practice in South AVey- 

' Introduction, p. 80. 

88 TV. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, [January, 

mouth, Mass., and for many years maintained a distinguished standing in his pro- 
fession. His mind was highly vigorous, and his love of medical science was enthu- 
siastic, lie early acquired great influence in the town, and for many years he was 
an acknoAvledged leader in all puhlic improvements and reforms. Military and 
political honors also clustered upon him. In 1839, he was chosen major-general of 
the first division of the Massachusetts militia; and again, under the new law, he 
was appointed to the same office in 1841. He was also chosen captain of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company in 1840. In 1841 and 1842 he was elected senator 
in the state legislature from Norfolk county by the whig party, of which he was a 
zealous advocate, until the anti-slavery movement commenced, when he as vrarmly 
seconded the cfibrts for the emancipation of the slaves in the southern states. He was 
also a decided temperance man, and earnestly advocated the principle of entire absti- 
nence from intoxicating liquors, both by precept and example. For twenty years Dr. 
Howe was a member of the school committee of South Wcj^mouth, and. labored in- 
detatigably for the improvement ol" the schools, and also of tlie roads and of the gene- 
ral sanitary and moral interests of the town. He was a man of sound judgment, and 
unswerving, tenacious and unyielding in his opinions in all matters where great in- 
terests were involved. He was also distinguished for his large-hearted benevolence. 
Though he never made a public profession of religion, he was a firm and liberal 
supporter of the parish with which he was connected, anc^the pastors of the church 
can attest that they have frequently been sharers in his unostentatious beneficence. 
In his last days, when the hand of death was evidently upon him, he expressed his 
trust in the Saviour and his submission to the Divine Will. 

Dr. Howe was twice married. His first wife was Harriet Loud, daughter of Eli- 
phalet and Hannah (Blanchard) Loud, both of Weymouth. They were married 
Dec. 12, 1822. Harriet was born Feb. 28, 1795, and died childless, Nov. 15, 1848. 
His second wife was Eliza Loud, of Weymouth, daughter of Joseph and Tl'.ankful 
(Bates) Loud, and was born May 9, 1812. They were married Aug. 12, 1851. 
Joseph Loud was the son of Eliot and Sarah (Pralt) Loud, of W^eymouth, and Eliot 
was the son of Francis aud Honor (Prince) Loud. By his last marriage. Dr. Howe 
had two children — a dauohter, Harriet Appleton Howe, born Dec. 13, 1852, who 
still lives ; aud a son, Appleton Loud Howe, born Feb. 20, 1854, and who died Nov. 
23, 1856. 

Dr. Howe was admitted a resident member of the New-England Historic, Genea- 
logical Society, Jan. 20, 1807. 

AYixTHKOP Sargent, Esq. — Mr. Sargent was born in the city of Philadelphia, Sept. 
23, 1825, and died, of a gradual decline, in Paris, France, May 18, 1870. His remains 
were brought home and interred in the family vault at Laurel Hill, near Philadel- 
phia. He was the son of George Washington and Margaret (Percy) Sargent. His 
mother was the daughter of Lieut. Robert Percy of the Royal Navy, and his father 
was the son of Winthrop Sargent, a distinguished revolutionary officer of the Massa- 
chusetts line, adjutant-general of the United States army at the time of St. Clair's 
defeat, and first governor of Mississippi. {Ante, xviii. 379 ; xxv. 210.) Gov. Win- 
throp Sargent and his son George W. Sargent were graduates of Harvard Col- 
lege, and \Vinthrop Sargent received the degree of Bachelor of Laws at the Harvard 
Law School in 1847, but graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1845. He 
practised law for a lew years in Philadelphia, and for a brief period in New- York, 
hut his health did not permit prolonged attention to the fatiguing duties of his pro- 
fession. His taste was altogether in the line of literary pursuits, and it was very 
early developed. 

He edited the " Journal of the Officers engaged in Braddock's Expedition," from 
original manuscripts in the British Museum, with an " Original Historical Memoir" ; 
and also a "Journal of the General Meeting of the Cincinnati in 1784," from the 
original manuscripts of his grandfather. Major Winthrop Sargent. These were 
the productions of an age so j^outhful, that most men at that time only give promise 
of future excellence, but they occupy places of very considerable distinction amon:* 
the standard works on American history. Washington Irving, in his " Life of 
Washington," says : " In narrating the expedition of Bracldock, we have frequently 
cited the Journals of Captain Orme and of the Seamen's Detachment; the}- were 
procured in England by the Hon. Joseph R. Ingersoll, while Minister at the Court 
of St. James, and recently published by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
ably edited and illustrated bj' an admirable introductory'- memoir by Winthrop Sar- 
gent, Esq., member of that society." Mr. George Grote, the historian of Greece, 
also speaks of this work in terms of high commendation. The AVestminster Review, 


































1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 89 

too, says, " It is a book of considerable merit, and it deserves far more respectful 
treatment " than many similar American productions. 

At a later period, Mr. Sargent published a cr)llection of the " Loyalist Ballads of 
the Revolution," and the " Loyal verses of Joseph Stansberry and Dr. Jonathan 
Odell," relating to the American revolution. He also edited " The Letters of John 
Andrews, of Boston, from 1772 to 1776." His " Life and Career of Major John 
Andre " is a more elaborate work, and, like all his productions, shows his patient 
research for materials, and his discriminating and graceful use of them. The follow- 
ing articles from his facile, fruitful pen, have appeared in the North American 
Review : 

April, 1853, page 273. Bibliomania. 

Society of the Cincinnati. 

Dickens's Bleak House. 

M. Gironiere's Philippine Islands. 

Life and Death of Louis XV^II. 

Esther de Berdt. 

Literary Impostors. A. Dumas. 

Chinese Rebellions. 


Lord Mahon's last Volume. 

Flanders 's Lives of the Chief Justices. 


Mr Sargenfs style is distinguished for vivacity and brilliancy. Had he confined 
himself to the field of literary criticism, he would have reached eminent distinction. 
His inclinations, however, were strongly in the line of historical investigation. He 
reverenced the past and loved it. He was fond of its actors, and he delighted to 
reproduce them in their ordinary garbs, and modes of thought, and daily actions. 

At a memorial meeting of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, Mr. Jordan said 
of Mr. Sargent, " He was of Revolutionary descent, and he could do justice to the 
motives and feelings which made a man a Tory." 

" He was eminently a citizen of the world in his knowledge of men and manners, 
and his various and discursive reading made him familiar with men of different 
periods and of different countries. A mind so versatile and varied, united to studious 
habits and a genuine fondness for literature, would, almost of necessity, have re- 
sulted in some work which would have taken its place among the classics of Amer- 
ican literature. But he was called away, leaving much accomplished, but with the 
promise of greater usefulness unfulfilled." 

Mr. Sargent was married in April, 1851, to Sarah, daughter of Ignatius Sargent, 
Esq., of Boston. She died in 1852, leaving one child, a son, Ignatius, born in April, 
1852, who now resides in Brookline, Mass. 

^ Mr. Sargent leaves one brother, George Sargent, of Natchez, Mississippi, and two 
sisters, namely : Mrs. Henry Duncan, and Mrs. William Butler Duncan, both of 
New- York. 

Mr. Sargent's connection with the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, as a cor- 
responding member, dates from Sept. 11, 1855. 

It may assist the society to form a proper conception of the high estimation in 
which Mr. Sargent was held by his friends and the literary public, to state, that no 
less than thirty-two different obituary notices of hira have already appeared ; some 
of them from England, others from France, and one from California. 


Boston, Massachusetts^ Wednesday, Sept. 6, 1871. — A meeting was held this after- 
noon at 3 o'clock, at the Society's House, No. 18 Somerset street, the president, 
Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

Samuel H. Wentworth, Esq., the recording secretary, read the record of the pro- 
ceedings at the June meeting, which was approved. ,' 

James F. Hunnewell, Esq., the librarian, reported that, since the last meeting- n 
105 volumes and 503 pamphlets had been presented to the library. "j.aiy 

Charles W". Tuttle, Esc^., the assistant historiographer, read biographical sket. 
of the following deceased members, viz. : Charles Henry Woodwell, Esq., Wil^^"?^' 
Reed Deane, Esq., and Joseph Palmer, M.D. _ ^^^1^ .|J 

The board of directors nominated fourteen candidates for membership, who ^'" , 
elected. '^^ ^^1« 

Vol. XXVI. 8* 

90 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [Januarj, 

William B. Trask, Esq., offered the following resolutions, which were unani- 
mously adopted : 

Whereas, William Reed Deane, Esq., for many years chairman of the Committee 
on Papers and Essays, and a member of the board of directors, has, since the last 
meetinfi; of our society, been taken from us by death. 

Resolved, That we mourn in him the loss of a devoted member and an active and 
efficient officer of this society, a student well read in the literature of England and 
America, an able and ready w^riter, and a diligent antiquary, lull of the local lore, 
and familiar with the customs and usages of the early settlers of New- England. 

Resolved, That we bear witness to his virtues as a man, to his genial manners and 
large heart, ever ready to serve others and ever adding to the favors conferred by his 
sympathy and kindness; and to the Christian fortitude and patience with which he 
bore a painful illness during the last years of his life. 

Resolved, that we tender to his children our sympathy for their loss, and that an 
attested copy of these resolutions be sent to them by the secretary. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., read a paper, entitled An Item in Personal His- 
tory, and Reminiscences of the Stackpole House. Thanks were voted and a copy re- 

William B. Towne, Esq., gave notice that he should, at the next meeting, move to 
amend iVrticle 17 of the By-Laws. 

Boston, Oct. 4. — A meeting was held this afternoon at 3 o'clock, Winslow Lewis, 
M.D., in the chair. 

The recording secretary read the record of the previous meeting, which was tip- 

The librarian reported that, during the last month, 28 volumes and 68 pamphlets 
had been presented to the society. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, made his report of ac- 
ceptances and other correspondence since the June meeting. 

Biographical sketches of deceased members were read, viz. : of Hon. John A. 
Poor, of Portland, Me., by the assistant historiographer ; and of Jeremiah P. Jewett, 
of Lowell, by Robert B. Caverly of that place. 

The directors nominated two members, M'ho were elected. 

On motion of Mr. Towne, the By-Laws were amended so as to read : 

Article 17. The society shall, at the quarterly meeting in October in each year, 
chooee a standing committee on publication ; and, at the annual meeting, four addi- 
tional standing committees, each committee to consist of not less than five members; 
and said committees shall hold monthly meetings for the transaction of business, viz. : 

1st, on Publication ; 

2d, on the Library ; 

3d, on Papers and Essays ; 

4th, on Finance; 

5th, on Heraldry. 

Boston, Nov. 1. — A meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 
The recording secretary read the record of the last meeting, which was approved. 
The corresponding secretary made his monthly report. 

Rev. Borus Clarke, D.D., the historiographer, read a biographical sketch of the 
Rev. Henry Longueville Mansel, B.D., Dean of 8t. Paul's, tondon, a corresponding 
member, recently deceased. Remarks upon the philosophy and writings of Dean 
Mansel were afterwards made by Rev. Wm. P. Tilden. 
The directors nominated two members, who were elected. 

The Rev. E. F. Slafter offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted : 

Resolved, That we have learned with profound sorrow of the great loss sustained 
by the Chicago Historical Society in the recent desolating fire in that city — of its 
valuable building, of its large library of historical works, and particularly of its 
rare collection of original documents and manuscripts, illustrative of the history of 
V'le great West, which cannot be duplicated and are irretrievably lost. 
^^^^Resolved, That we fully approve the action of the Board of Directors in offering 
prcceceive from historical societies or private persons all books that may be given to 
of store, as far as may be, these losses, and to furnish store room for the same until 
abl> Chicago Historical Society shall be ready to receive them. 
^f^^ksolvedy That we heartily concur in the proposition of the directors to forward 
also s]- 

1872.] BooJc-Notices. 91 

to the Chicago Historical Society, as a gift, such of our publications and such other 
duplicate voiumes as may properly be spared from the shelves of our own library. 

Hon. James D. (^irecn presented to the society valuable steel engravings of Isaac 
Watts, Joseph Addison, tiir Richard Steele and Archbishop Tillotson. 

Boston, Dec. 6. — A meeting was held this afternoon, Pres. Wilder in the chair. 

The recording secretary read the record of the last meeting, which was approved. 

The librarian reported* as donations to the society since the last meeting, 25 vols, 
and 205 pamphlets. Some valuable pamphlets were presented by C. W. Tuttle, 
Esq., among which was one printed in 1647, entitled, A Word to Mr. Peters and 
Two Words for the ParUa7ncnt and Kingdom, attributed to the Kev. Nathaniel 
Ward, author of the Simple Cobler of Aggawam, the gift of James B. Robb, Esq. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of two deceased members, namely. 
Rev. Joseph Richardson, of Hingham, one of the oldest members, probably the 
oldest, and Henry Oxnard Preble, of Charlestown, one of the youngest. 

The directors nominated candidates for membership, wlio were elected. 

Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., read a paper on Christopher Kilby, of Boston, agent of 
the province of Massachusetts in England, for whom Kilby street, in Boston, was 
named. This paper is printed in the present number of the Register, p. 43. 

The following persons were chosen a committee to nominate officers at the annual 
meeting, viz.: Erederic Kidder, Esq., Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., William B. 
Trask and Jeremiah Colburn, Esqs., Col. A. H. Hoyt and William B. Towne, Esq. 



The 3femorud Volume of the Edwards Family Meeting at Stochhridge, Mass, 

Sept. 6-7, A.D. 1870. Boston: Congregational Publishing Society. 

1871. 8vo. pp. 206. 

This meeting differed from ordinary fiimily reunions, insomuch that it was to do 
honor to the memory of famous Jonathan Edwards, one of the fourth generation in 
the family, instead of a more remote ancestor. The book is composed of tributes to 
his character and works, and although as the father of nine married children, Jona- 
than Edwards has many living descendants, and though they were largely in 
attendance, this volume gives no genealogical facts worth notice. One page is all 
that is given to the family record, and not even a foot-note tells us of the number of 
his progeny present or absent. As a record of an interesting meeting it loses much 
of its value from the want of some spectator ready and able to notice the genealogical 
value of the occasion. w. h. w. 

The History of the Descendants of Elder John Strong, of Northampton, Mass, 
By Benjamin W. D wight, author of "The Higher Christian Education," 
and of " Modern Philology " in 2 vols. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell. 
8vo. In two vols, together, pp. Ixii. and 1586. 

The first sensation of the examiner of this book is one of wonder at its extent. It 
is in itself a library of genealogy, an eloquent testimony to the progress which this 
science has made in America. Turning over the pages and noting the care with 
which facts have been sought, and especially dates have been recorded, the reader is 
willing to concede that the author has been laborious, careful, zealous and persevering. 
A high degree of praise must be given him for what he has done, and we are the 
more ready to give this encomium because a more sober judgment fails to confirm 
the first impression. It can hardly be said that the author has written a great 
genealogy. It is an immense colle^+' but it lacks some essential qualities which 
lesser books contain. An anal- • a failure to treat successfully the vast bulk 

of material, and on some poini..^ , jal acumen of the author is felt to be sadly 


The plan of arrangement is opposed to the experience of the great body of genea- 
logical Avriters. The author makes a merit of this, but he can hardly hope that his 
results will prove us all wrong. Our theory is that a family history should lie built 
on the plan of confining the notation to the bearers of the family name ; to the male 

92 Book-Notices, [January, 

lines. This Strong genealogy ovres much of its size to the addition of female branches. 
These are carried into the text in a way that destroys any attempt to understand the 
proportion of the Strongs to the other families. Instead of being a novelty, it is an 
imitation of the worst feature of English genealogies. It may be termed the 
parenthetical arrangement, since the author hastens to put down consecutively all 
the items he collects relative to one branch, before he proceeds to the next. For 
example, he begins on p. 20 with the oldest son of the emigrant, and traces John,^ 
John,^ Jonathan,^ Jonathan,^ Hannah,^ Clarissa (Sawyer),^ Esther (Nason),^ 
Hannah (Sawyer),^ Calvin and Hill (Chandler) ,s and Hill Chandler's children of 
the ninth generation, all comprised on pp. 20-23. Thus in the first four pages he 
has covered eight generations and traced through Hannah Strong, her daughter 
Hannah Sawyer, and her grandson Hill Chandler to her great-grandson (jeorge 
Washington Chandler. And all this without any use of the exponent for the 
generation such as we have used above, and without an}' plan of numbering except 
straight on for each person, so that George W. Chandler is 147. 

Surely this is genealogy run mad. Take this very item, which we choose simply 
because it is the first, and because all the rest of the book is like it. This great- 
grandson of Hannah Strong, great-great-grandson of Jonathan Strong, has of course 
seven other persons to whom he is as nearly related as to her, and fifteen other 
ancestors as near as Jonathan. In what view can he be considered a part of the 
Strongs? If every one is to be recorded in every genealogy to which he can be traced 
by any line of descent, he must be recorded in over one hundred families, even in the 
eight generations covered by New-England history. Common sense is against any 
such view. Let family feelings have full power, let all the possessors of a common 
name draw closer the ties of kindred, but do not make genealogy ridiculous by 
tracing every ramification after it ceases to bear any reasonable proportion to the 

Had ^Ir. Dwight confined himself to a history of such persons as bore the name 
of Strong, he would probably have adopted the usual convenient and clear mode of 
arrangement. As it is, we can only say that the material collected with so much 
zeal is as poorly arranged as it well could be. 

The ancestor of the family here was John Strong, concerning whom something is 
said, pp. 14-18, which justifies our distrust of the author's critical ability. He says 
that John Strong was born in Taunton, England, in 1605, and had a sister Eleanor ; 
that they were children of Richard Strong, of Caernarvon, who was born in 1561, 
moved to Taunton in 1590, and died in 1613, Also that Eleanor married Walter 
Deane, of Taunton, Mass. All these statements seem to lack the necessary proofs. 
The most that can be said is that Gov. Caleb Strong, in 1777, prepared a sketch of the 
family stating something like this, but without the dates. We complain therefore 
that Mr. Dwight should print any such traditions as facts, or else that he should 
withhold any farther information since received. One would hardly imagine that 
Mr. Savage, a few years ago, pointed out the deficiencies in the evidence, when the 
story is here repeated so glibly. We maintain on the contrary, and beg Mr. Dwight 
to prove the error, that nothing is known of the ancestry of John Strong, and that 
there is no more reason to imagine that he was born in Taunton than in York, or 

All the discussion about coats-of-arms, crests and mottoes is equally puerile. The 
descendants of John Strong have no ascertained right to any ; and it would have 
been well for the author to impress this distinctly upon his readers. 

Another matter in which Mr. Dwight has been deceived and led into the repetition 
of confuted errors, is in regard to the Jones pedigree on p. 161. In relating the 
ancestry of Hon. Anson Jones, Mr. Dwight repeats the old mistake of saying that 
William Jones, of New-Haven, was the son of Col. John Jones, by his wife Henrietta, 
sister of Oliver Cromwell. He emphasizes the mistake by printing the Cromwell 

Now Mr. Savage has clearly stated that William Jones came from London in 1660, 
having already married there Hannah, daughter of Gov. Theophilus Eaton. He 
died Oct. 17, 1706, in his 82d year, but nothing is known of his i)arentage. It is 
clear that he was not the son of Henrietta Cromwell, for though the exact date of 
her marriage is unknown, it was at least after 1649. She could not be the mother of 
William, who was born in 1624. In fact there is not a single reason to suppose that 
William Jones was a relative of Col. John Jones ; but as so little is known of the 
Col., it is hard to jJf'ove that he was not. 

We must therefore reluctantly conclude that this genealogy cannot be ranked 
among the best. The results of many years' experience have convinced us that 

1872.] BooJc-Notlces. 93 

there is but one good plan of arrangement, the one familiar to onr readers, and we 
hope jMr. Dwight may adopt it for his future works. It is better to have one com- 
plete family record than many pages of slightly connected facts. If the collector ia 
loth to suppress the facts he has slowly accumulated, it is better to print a hundred 
brief genealogies in appendices. All of Mr. Dwight's materials might have been 
thus preserved, and tlie gain in clearness would have been immense. No one objects 
to such fragments, in fact they are most eagerly sought for. Bond's Watertown is 
a collection of the records of a neighborhood, but its very disconnectedness makes it 
of value to a wide circle of readers. w. ii. w. 

Fletcher Genealogy : An Account of the Descendants of Rohert Fletcher, of 
Concord, Mass. By Edward II. Fletciiek, of J^New-York City. 
Printed for the Author, by Alfred Mudge & Son. Boston : 1871. 
8vo. pp. 279. 

A good specimen of the simpler form of genealogy. There is hardly any biog- 
raphy ; very probably the individuals mentioned, a large proportion of whom were 
farmers, led unpretending lives. The dates seem carefully collected, and the volume 
has a good index. The plan is not very good, the first four generations being traced, 
and then the great-grandsons consecutively are taken as heads of lines. But these 
families are collected into eleven parts without any plan except such as govern the 
chapters of books, viz., some regard to length. In some, only one family is traced ; in 
others, two or more are added together. There is no confusion of plan, but the 
cause of this arbitrary connection is not explained. 

Still the author has done a work for which he should receive the thanks of his 
relatives. He mentions that, in 1848. he published a genealogical chart of the fam- 
ily. On p. 61 is a cut of Emerson arms, but no authority is given for it. A portrait 
of Calvin Fletcher forms the frontispiece. w. n. w. 

3Iemoirs of the Wilh'nson Family in America. Comprising Genealogical 
and Biographical Sketches of Lawrence Wilkinson of Providence, R. I. ; 
Edward Wilkinson of New Milford, Conn. ; John Wilkinson of Attle- 
borough, 3Iass. ; Daniel Wilkinson of Columbia Co., N. Y., ^c, and their 
Descendants from 1G45-18G8. By Eev. Israel Wilkinson, A.M., Jack- 
sonville, 111. Davis & Penniman, Printers. 1869. 8vo. pp. 585. 

In this genealogy will be found a great mass of information relative to the Wil- 
kinsons, though treated in a somewhat desultory way. The first 32 pages are given 
to various matters, including a brief record of the descendants of Ivoger Williams, 
and also some papers relative to the early settlement of Rhode-Island. Pages 32-312 
are devoted to the descendants of Lawrence W. ; pages 313-541 to biographies of 
members of the family ; pages 542-576 to the other families of the name specified 
in the title. 

Lawrence VYilkinson, the emigrant, was one of the settlers at Providence, and 
was there in 1657 certainly. His name is appended to a document dated 19th of 
11th month, 1645, hut it is also clear that the names were signed to this agreement 
after its date, whenever the writers came into town fellowship. 

It is also quite clear that a Lawrence Wilkinson of Lanchester, either in 1645-47 
or in 1652, an ofiicer in arms, had property sequestered and was allowed to go to 
New-England. This matter is stated on JVIr. tSomerby's authority and maybe ac- 
cepted as fact, though the discrepancies in date should be remedied. It is further 
said that this ofticer is the man with whom the known pedigree begins, which is 
probable ; and an attempt to show that the officer was son of William Wilkinson, of 
Harperly House, Lanchester, co. Durham, but this is problematical. In brief, the 
pedigree is probable but by no means proven, and the family ought not to accept it 
or use the arms until the facts have been made out. 

The book contains a great deal of biographical matter, and may fairly be entitled 
a good genealogy. It may be noted that the author says, on page 279, that he has 
much material for a Sayles genealogy. w. h. w. 

Orthodox Congregationalists and the Sects. By Pev. Donus Clarke, D.D. 

Boston: Lee & Shepard. 1871. 12mo. pp. 169. 

The object of this work is to compare the orthodox or conservative congregation- 
alists with other denominations of christians — to show the causes which prevent that 
denomination fram increasing in numbers as rapidly as some of the others — and to 

94 Booh Notices, [January, 

su<]j2:est methods for removing the obstacles which retard its prof^rcss. The book is 
divided into three parts. The first is devoted to proving the claims of the church 
polity oC the congregationalists to he the best and most scriptural pattern — the 
secor.d to ascertaining the peculiarities of different denominations which promote or 
retard their increase — and the third to pointing out the things to be done by orthodox 
congregationalists to advance their cause and give greater efficiency to the efforts of 
those who are laboring to promote tliat cause, in the ultimate triumph of which Kev. 
Dr. Clarke has full faith. 

The book bears traces of deep thought and is a very suggestive one in many 
respects._ The author has evidently investigated his subject carefully, and if he has 
in any instance failed to represent the opinions of his opponents fairly, we think it 
has been done inadvertently. 

Our readers who do not belong to the author's denomination may object to the 
assumption in the title-page, "which possibly may be intended as an offset to 
rival assumptions. They, no doubt, will find something in the book to which they 
will not assent ; nor will all his conclusions, probably, be admitted by them. They 
will find, however, a number of important questions discussed in an able manner. 
Such discussions, treated in a candid spirit and in an impartial manner, cannot fail 
to advance our historical as well as our theological knowledge. J. w. d. 

General Conference of the Congregational Churches in Maine^ 1871. The 
County Conferences and Report of the Maine Missionary Society ; being a 
portion of the Minutes of the General Conference for 1871. 

This pamphlet does not give the name of the printer or place of its publication, 
but vv'e presume we are indebted to E. F. Duren, Esq., of Bangor, for our copy. 
It is neatly printed, and is valuable to us for its statistics and necrology. 

A Commemorative Discourse on Rev. Alonzo Hill, D.D., of Worcester. 
Read before the Worcester Association at Sterling, Feb. 15. Repeated 
at the Meeting of the Worcester Conference in Clinton, May 3. By 
Joseph Allen, D.D., of Northboro'. Reprinted from "The Religious 
Magazine." Boston: Leonard C. Bowles. 1871. 8vo. pp. 8. 

We tender to the venerable Dr. Allen our thanks for a copy of his tribute to the 
public services and personal worth of one, who, for more than forty years, was his 
friend and co-laborer. Dr. Hill, the pastor of the Second Congregational Society 
of Worcester, was an able minister, a faithful pastor, and a scholar of varied ac- 

JEl Averiguador. Correspondencia entre Curiosos, Literatos, Anticuarios, 
S^c. S^c. Madrid, 1° Agosto, 1871. No. 15, Segunda epoca. 8vo. pp. 16. 

The above is the title of a magazine, printed in Madrid, semi-monthly, in the 
Spanish language and in the interests of Spanish literature, which treats of a great 
variety of topics, and in a manner at once brief, erudite and instructive. 

The character of the serial will be clearly seen by a simple statement of some of 
the subjects discussed under their proper heads, in the present number. 

Prcguntas. Under this head questions are raised relating to history, engravings, 
moral science, philology, geography and philosophy. 

t^xi yji (jiio Vil^lll Ul liliU OUU:^, mill IMUlUUi^U llilS ^UIIC tlJ LllU >VU1. 

Curio sidadcs. An unfinished article under this head treats of 
better sight," or aids to the perception of things as they are. 

Philatdia. Here we have something on the origin and science of postage stamps. 

Bibliograjia. Under this department we have an extended notice of the Quarter 
Century J^iscourse delivered before the NeM'--England Historic, Genealogical Society 
by the Kev. Mr. Slafter. The article contains many important statements and sug- 
gestions, esj^ecially noticeable as reflecting S])anish ideas in regard to the objects for 
which our society was established, lielieving that it will be read with great interest 
not only by the members of the society but by all students in the sameline of histo- 
rical research, we transfer a translation of it to our pages. 

'^Discourse deUvcrcd before the New-England Historic, Genealogical Soceitg,hy 
the Kev. Edmund F. Slat'ter, A.M. Boston, mdccclxx. (En. 4«, 59 pagines.) 

1872.] Booh-Notices. 95 

*' Ever since the month of March, 1845, an association has existed in Boston, 
under the title of " iVew-Eno;hind Historic, Genealogical Society," whose chief ob- 
ject is to collect carefuli^^ all data and items of information relating to the families 
and ancestors of the first settlers who passed over from Great Britain to establish 
themselves on the American continent. The Bev. Mr. Slafter is careful to state, in 
his remarkable discourse, that " ive desire not to be distinyuished by titles or honors 
unearned by ourselves, and which belong only to those who have gone before W5 ; " from 
this statement, and from their recognizing that, — genus et proavos, et quse non 
fecimus ipsi ; vix ea nostra voco, — it is easy to see, that the character of this 
English society is unlike that of certain Spanish books and writings (modern enough, 
indeed) which, by means of meagre notes and of coats-of-arms, often the products 
of a beginner's fancy, gratify the harmless vanity of him who sums up his whole 
happiness in the fact, that his ancestors were governors of a castle, or members of 
the Orders of Alcantara and Santiago. 

" The purpose of the Historic, Genealogical Society is useful and philosophical, as 
it is the outgrowth of the good sense which is a matter of course in the English race. 
By studying the history of the individual, that of the family, that of the most in- 
significant town, that of the house, that of the lands or estate ; by this synthetic 
process valuable data aVe collected, true and important to the general chronicles of 
the nation. 

" The Boston society publishes a periodical, the series of which now amounts 
to twenty-three volumes, embracing learned and curious notices of 281 families. 
These reviews begin with the ancestor who emigrated from England to North xVmer- 
ica. Naturalization papers, wills, private notes relating to important events, dis- 
courses, academic degrees, war papers, sepulchral inscriptions and a multitude of 
analogous documents accompany these narratives " neither discolored by the stupidity^ 
nor distorted by the ingenuity of any modern art,^^ as jMr. Slafter aptly says. 

" It enters into the design of the society to promote the publication of local his- 
tories, ninetv-six of which have been published, through its influence, between the 
years 1845 and 1870. 

"The library of the corporation consists now of eight thousand volumes, printed 
or in manuscript, each containing a greater or less store of useful data for any one 
Avho may desire to study the history of New-England. The generosity of the mem- 
bers shows itself in donations, legacies and foundations of a permanent kind. 
Among these last there is one, the income of which must necessarily be expended in 
the binding of books. The edifice where the society holds its meetings, and which 
contains tlie offices and appurtenances, was purchased for the sum of $20,000. The 
library contains an ai)artment whicli is fire-proof. In th#discourBe that we are ex- 
amining there is cited a full and curious history of the successive proprietors and the 
difl'eren^ vicissitudes of the estate from its first possessor in 1634 to the date of its 
purchase by the society in 1870. The purchase-money was obtained by subscription 
among the members whose names are given, and this list shows the sum contributed 
by each, from $1000 for the largest down to $100 for the smallest. 

" 1 deem it not out of place to note here (let those forgive me who think other- 
wise) that there is a Spanish writer, whose works, historical, political and geograph- 
ical, and whose magazine-articles upon various subjects, and even his private letters, 
must stand as lofty land-marks among the chief literary productions of the nine- 
teenth century. Well, then : the most excellent Senor Don Eermin Caballero, the 
person to whom we refer, has said (see his Discourse read before the Royal Academy 
of History, Madrid, 1860) that, in order to secure a general history of Spain, worthy 
of the cultivated world, it is necessary that we should possess the special liistories of 
the notable cities and towns where not a few data remain to be collected and sifted 
out as well in the edifices, objects and relics that still exist upon the ground, as also 
in the civic archives ; in the customs, the traditions, the festivals, the amusements, 
the topographical names of the region and the language of the natives. We must 
use every endeavor and employ every possible stimulus to secure the production and 
publication of particular descriptions. Every year, in the programmes of the Acad- 
emy, let powerful inducements be offered anew to such persons as shall write works 
of this kind. Let us strive to awaken the natural desires of gain and glory in those 
who can successfully undertake the task ; let a taste for this line of studies besj)read 
in a thousand ways, and the pursuit of them be facilitated by furnishing a sure basis, 
and practical rules to painstaking writers. 

" What 1 have transcribed, clearly reveals the Spanish theory of that which, for 
years past, the Boston society has been carrying into effect. Let us now look at the 

96 Book-Notices, [January, 

" In the ^Life of the most illustrious Meldior Cano ' (IMadrid, 1871), Don Ferrain 
Caballero devotes the ^vhole of the fourth chapter of his remarkable work to the 
Gcncahfjy of the Canos. Aithough the author tells us that such study has wearied 
him excessively, because it is little to his taste, lie nevertheless recognizes its impor- 
tance, when it is pursued accordin*; to rule and in a suitable manner. Accordingly 
that very portion of the work is as delightful and erudite as it is useful and inter- 

" 1 think that Senor Caballero has no knowledge either of the existence or char- 
acter of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society ; and I am sure, therefore, 
that if he has i)ractised the principles which form the basis of the said association, 
it has been because his own judgment showed him that they were good and advan- 
tageous. And if, on the one hand, this may well be a gratification to the Spanish 
author, on the other hand it must also be a ground of self-gratulation to the estima- 
ble Eng^lish society, that one of the most distinguished Castilian writers has paid it 
so public a tribute. 

" Returning now to the discourse of the Rev. Mr. Slafter, I would say that I find 
it written in an English as chaste as it is classical and graceful. However, by reason 
of this very sobriety of words, which marks the Germanic languages, it is diiBcultto 
give a full idea of the work without transcribing it almost entire, or without at least 
devoting to it a more extended article than the nature of this periodical, The 


*' Let these lines, therefore, be regarded not as a critique, but rather as the three 
or four words placed on the back of a book merely to indicate the subject-matter with 
which the volume concerns itself. 

'' Ever since tiie year 1738, there has been in Spain a Roj'al Academy of History, 
which has been in correspondence with tlie most distinguished literary societies of Eu- 
rope and of America. Its largeness of mind and its generosity have kept pace with 
its learning and renown. The character of its statutes bears a resemblance to those 
of the New-England Historic^ Genealogical Society. We have the conviction, nay 
almost the evidence, that if the Boston society (as being the younger) should ad- 
dress the one of Madrid, it would meet with a pleasing reception, mutual correspon- 
dence would be established, fraternal intercourse inaugurated, and exchanges of 
books made. For, bedside the advantages which this might produce to both countries 
owing to the numberless points of contact Avhich there are between the histories and 
literatures of nearly ail the nations of the world, that noble utterance of the Span- 
ish academician, Cavanilles, must very speedily come to be realized, when he said 
' that in the world of letters there should be no strangers save the ignorant.^ 

"To the latter class uifortunately belongs, as he has fully proved bv the foregoing 
writing, Dr. Th.— Tanger, July, 1871." 

The reader will bear in mind that the Rev. Mr. Slafter 's discourse was delivered 
in 1870. The Historic, Genealogical Society has expended upon its estate over 
$40,000. The society's library also contains about 28,000 pamphlets, many of which 
are rare and valuable. 

California. By Marshall P. Wilder. Boston: Wriglit & Potter 
Printers. 8vo. pp. 31. 

This address or lecture of Col. AYilder, is a comparative view of the climate, re- 
sources, and progress of California, with observations made in a tour to the Pacific 
coast, in the summer of 1870, the special objects of his visit being the examination 
of the agricultural and horticultural resources of that state. The lecture was pre- 
pared at the si)ecial request of and delivered before the Boston Mercantile Library 
Association. It hiis been repeated by request before the JMassachusetts Board of 
Agriculture, the jSIassachusetts Agricultural College ; the faculty and students of 
Amherst College and Dartmouth College, respectively ; the Pennsylvania Horticul- 
tural Society, the merchants of Pliiladelphia, &c. 

We were among the many gratified and instructed listeners to the lecture, on the 
occasion of its first delivery, and a perusal of it in print has but served to deepen 
the iin])ressions then received. California is certainly the marvel of this a^e, 
Avhether we consider its political or social history and career, or its climate, soil, 
mines, scenery and ])riKluctions. If this lecture were the work of a stranger, 
we should be delighted with its eloquence, and its i)oetry of thought and imagery, 
and, while amazed at its statements and statistics, we should feel justified in sus- 
pecting that they are i)iglily colored if not greatly exaggerated; but there can 
be no room for any suspicions of the sort, when we knoAv wliose ])ractised eye, sound 
judgment, and mature experience saw and carefully weighed the facts here presented. 

1872.] Booh Notices. 97 

An Official Inaccuracy respecting the Death and Burial of the Princess 
Mary, daughter of King James I. Read at a Meeting of the Historical 
Society of Great Britain on Monday, June 12, 1871, by Col. Joseph 
Lemuel Chester, Fellow of the Historical Society. 8vo. pp. 8. 

In this brief but comprehensive essay Col. Chester has proved that a mistake of 
three months occurs in the date of the death of this infant princess, as recorded on 
Jier monument in Westminster Abbey, and in the registry of burials there. She 
died on the 16th September, 1607, not on the 16th December as recorded in both 
places. The proof is ample and conclusive. The fact thus shovrn, relieves James 
from the accusation of heartlessness, in authorizing and sharing the Christmas 
festivities of that year. After three months mourning for this child of two and a half 
years of" age, the usual routine of the court was to be resumed. 

Col. Chester points out that the Registers of the Ab1)ey were mutilated after the 
Restoration in 1660, and that the officer who was installed in Feb., 1660-1, put the 
fragments together and transcribed them into a new volume. They are therefore not 
to be relied on as of great authority. w. h. tv. 

A Discourse on the Life and Sei^vices of the late Gulian Grommelin Ver- 
planck, LL.D. Delivered before the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society 
of Philadelphia, on the evening of May 5, 1870, by Charles Henry 
Hart, Historiographer of the Society, and Corresponding JMember of 
the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society ; the N. E. Historic, 
Genealogical Society; the Long Island Historical Society [&c.]. Re- 
printed from the " Nevr-York Genealogical and Biographical Record " 
for October, 1870. New- York: 1870. Quarto, jop. 20. [Reprinted for 
private distribution.] 

The late Mr. Verplanck of New- York was one of the last conspicuous representa- 
tives of the Knickerbocker families. He was eminent for his social and civil virtues, 
for his literary acquirements and writings, and for his public services. He failed 
to be as eminent in the profession of the law, only because he abandoned it at an 
early period of his life. Confessedly, he was one of the best men this country has 
produced, and his individuality was made up of rare qualities most rarely mixed. 
The death of such a man awakens fresh regret that the good old patriarchial days 
have gone forever — " days" when men are said to have lived for hundreds of j^ears. 

Mr. Hart has happily added to his already long list of biographical sketches this 
one of Mr. Verplanck. He gives an outline of his family genealogy, and a brief but 
skilfully and tastefullj^ executed portraiture of his character. The pamphlet is es- 
pecially Avorth preserving. 

3femorial to the Men of Cambridge loho fell in the First Battle of the Revo- 
lutionary War. Services of Dedication, Nov. 3, 1870. Cambridge : 
Press of John Wilson & Son. 1870. .8vo. pp. 40. 

This memorial contains a detailed account of the proceedings of the city govern- 
ment of Cambridge, xMass., relating to the erection and dedication of a monument 
in honor of those sons of Cambridge who fell in defence of the popular cause, on 
the 19th of April, 1775, within the territorial limits of the town. The names of 
these martyjs are as follows : John Hicks, William Marcy, Moses Richardson 
(buried in Cambridge), and John Russell, Jabez Wyman and Jason Winship 
(buried in Menotomy). 

The Rev. Alexander McKenzie, pastor of the First Church in Cambridge, 
in his oration at the dedication, in 1870, of the monument to the soldiers of the late 
civil war, called attention to the fact that no effort had ever been made to suitably 
honor the memory of the earlier patriots ; and, on the 14th of September following, 
Horatio G. Parker, Esq., submitted to the board of aldermen an order, providing 
for the erection of a monument at the expense of the city. 

The service of dedication consisted of a prayer by the Rev. Pliny Wood, of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church ; music by a select choir under the direction of George 
Fisher, Esq. ; remarks by the mayor, the Hon. li. R. Harding; the singing of 
hymns composed by Mrs. A. C. Wellington and MiKS Sarah S. Jacobs, respectively, 
and a historical address by the Rev. Alexander McKenzie. 

All the exercises were in excellent taste, and worthy of the occasion and of the city. 

Vol. XXVI. 9 

98 Boole-Notices, [January, 

An Oration delivered at Lexington on the Dedication of the Toivn and Me- 
morial Hally April 19, 1871, being the 96^A Annii'rersary of the Battle of 
Lexington. By Dr. George B. Loring. With tlie Proceedings and a 
Historical Appendix. Boston: Press of T. 11. Marvin & Son. 1871. 
8vo. pp. 7G. 

This pamphlet is a memorial volume of the enterprise "which has resulted in the 
erection of a new Town Hall in Lexington, Mass., embracinn; within its walls a 
town hall for municipal purposes ; a memorial hall, in honor of the citizens of the 
town who fell on the 19th of April, 1775, and of residents, and others serving on 
her quota, who lost their lives during the civil war, 1861-18C5 ; and of the estal> 
lishment of the free town library (or the Gary Library). It recites the action of 
the town, the Lexington Monument Association, Mr. William II. Gary, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., a native of Massachusetts, and his wife, Mrs. Maria Gary, a native of Lex- 
ington, and others. Mrs. Gary's donations amount to over twenty thousand dollars. 

The undertaking, from 1869 to its completion, was in the hands of a committee, 
of which Hon. Gharles Hudson was the chairman. He was also one of the commit- 
tee of publication of this volume, a copy of which we received by his kindness. 

We commend this example of Lexington to other towns or cities that may here- 
after erect memorials to the patriotic dead, and to individuals who would perpetuate 
the memory of their deceased friends. Monuments of stone or bronze are better 
than none ; but the best monuments, because they may be permanently useful, are 
free libraries, museums of art or science, public halls, churches or chapels, and hos- 
pitals. And Ave hope that the daj'' will soon come when the public taste, now in 
many instances expressed in ostentatious and extravagant memorials, as seen in 
our cemeteries, shall have been educated to a higher standard. 

Scrihneys Monthly Illustrated Magazine jor the People. Conducted by J. 
G. Holland. Scribner & Co., G54 Broadway, N. Y. Price, $4.00 per 
annum, in advance. [A. W^illiams & Co., agents, 135 'NYashington st., 

The third volume of this ably conducted magazine began with the November No., 
and the issues for Nov., Dec. 1871, and January, 1872, show that no efforts are 
spared to make this magazine, in respect to reading matter, illustrations and dress, 
worthy of the best taste and culture of the day. 

The Manual of the First Lutheran Church of the City of Albany. Albany : 
Joel Munsell. 1871. 12mo. pp. 128. 

This beautifully printed manual contains the liturgy used by this ancient religious 
society ; the history of the society ; lists of pew-holders in 1788, 1792, 1871 ; a list of 
communicants from 1786 to 1871, and otlier matters of value. 

It is illustrated with wood-cuts of the church edifice in 1816 and 1871 ; a plan of 
Albany in 1695 ; the corporate seal ; and several autographs of someof the more 
prominent members of the church in former years. 

In Memoriam. John Cox, 1795-1871. Henry Ox?iard Preble, lSi7-lS7 1. 
8vo. i^p. 27. 

This pamphlet, from the press of D. Glapp & Son of Boston, was privately printed 
by its author, our esteemed friend, Gapt. Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. N., and is a 
brief biographical sketch of his father-in-law, John Cox, a highly respected citizen 
and eminent merchant of Portland, IMc, where he was born on the 13th of Feb., 
1795, and died on the 25th of Jan., 1871; also a scries of tributes in prose and 
verse, from various sources, to his deeply lamented son, Henry Oxnard Preble, who 
on the 25th of May, 1871. Gapt. Preble has also caused copies of these memorials 
was born in Portland, on tlie 4th of Jan., 1817, and died in Gharlestown, Mass., 
to be bound up separately. 

A memoir of Henry 0. Preble will shortly appear in tlie Register. 

Bibliography of the Local History of Jfassachnscffs. Yij Jerkmiait Col- 

liUKX. Boston: Wm. Parsons Lnnt. inidccclxxi. 8vo. })p. 119. 

This liandsome volume is a reprint from the Register, where it appeared in 
instahaeiiLs, ))t'iiinuin^ in 1807, and will be found to be a very convenient as well as 


Book- Notices, 9 9 

very complete index to a great number of books and pamphlets relating to Massa- 
chusetts ; and all the more convenient, because only a fraction of the publications, 
whose titles are here given, can be found in any one library. 

The matter is placed under the names of the towns and cities arranged in al- 
phabetical order ; a plan, perhaps, as good as any for a work of this kind. A 
valuable addition to the book would have been an index of authors' names, and it is 
very probable that this will be introduced into another edition of the book, which 
undoubtedly will be called for within a few years. 

Of course, every work of this nature is more or less incomplete, and is susceptible 
of indefinite enlargement ; each successive edition taking up the publications as they 
appear from time to time. 

In these one hundred and nineteen pages, Mr. Colburn has given us a survey by 
titles of an immense mass of history and literature, testifying to the fecundity of our 
local press and pen ; and he has rendered invaluable service to collectors, librarians 
and students. 

This edition of the BihJunjraphy was privately printed, and but few copies remain 
unsold. The work was a "labor of love" on the part of the compiler, and if any 
compensation should ever come to him it must be from future editions. 

1. Provincial Papers. Documents and Records relating to the Province of 
New- Hampshire^ from 1722 to 1737; Containing Important Records and 
Papers pertaining to the Boundary Lines between Neiv-Hanip shire and 
Massachusetts. Published by authority of the Legislature of New-Hamp- 
shire. Volume IV. Compiled and edited by Nathaniel Bouton, D.D., 
corresponding secretary of the New-Hampshire Historical Society. 
Manchester: John B. Clarke, State Printer. 1870. 8vo. pp. viii. and 891. 

2. Provincial Papers. Documents and Records relating to the Province of 
New-Hampshire from 1738 to 1749 ; Containing very valuable and inter- 
esting Records and Papers relating to the Expedition against Louishourg, 
1745. Published by authority of the Legislature of New-Hampshire. 
Volume V. Compiled and edited by Nathaniel Bouton, D.D., 
corresponding secretary of the New-Hampshire Historical Society. 
Nashua: Orren C. Moore, State Printer. 1871. 8vo. pp. viii. and 9G2. 

Upon the appearance of the former volumes of this historical series, we called 
attention to the wise liberality which New-Hampshire is manifesting in the steady 
support she has given and still affords to the work of rescuing her provincial records 
and papers from decay, b}'' printing them. This support comes from no party, sect or 
clique, but seems to be due to the general sense of the propriety and desirableness of the 
thing itself It is well, too, that the historical society of the state, which prompted 
and still zealously encourages the work, should be recognized as it is by the con- 
tinued employment of Dr. Bouton, as the compiler and editor. 

AVe have heretofore expressed the hope that New-Hampshire will not halt in this 
work until every part of her strictly historical records have been printed, at least 
down to the beginning of the present century. Undoubtedly a few more volumes 
will suffice for that purpose. It is an honor to the state, and generations yet un- 
born, as well as the living, will hold the names of all connected with the undertaking 
and all who fostered it, in high esteem. The paltry sum expended on such a noble 
work, will never be missed from the treasury, while these priceless records of the 
past history of the state will be preserved from every possible vicissitude, for the 
instruction of the people in virtue and patriotism, as well as for evidence of the 
highest value in matters affecting the right and title of property. 

Volume IV. of the Provincial Papers mcludes the latter part of the term of John 
"Wentworth, lieutenant-governor and commander-in-chief in the absence of Gov. 
Shute ; the brief term of Gov. Burnet, 1729, ^ind that of Gov. Belcher, 1730 to 
October, 17.37. The '* records of council," here printed, extend from June 21, 1722, 
to Nov. 2, 1728, and are all, probably, from the first date named to April 2, 1742, 
that can be found. A portion of the missing records very likely, as the editor sup- 
poses, were destroyed by the fire which consumed Mr. Sec'y VValdron's house in 
1736. They may yet be found in private hands, whither have strayed too many of our 
provincial and colonial papers. 

The specially valuable portion of this volume, however, is that which relates to 

100 Book' Notices, [January, 

the memorable, little understood, and often misrepresented dispute between New- 
Hampshire and Massachusetts, respecting their boandaiy line. 

The compiler has appropriately put into this volume, also, the correspondence of 
Gov. Belcher with Mr. Secretary AValdron, 1731-7, ni which the governor uses great 
directness and plainness of language regarding men and measures of that day ; also 
the correspondence between John Tomlinson, Esq., agent of the province in Eng- 
land, with Theodore Atkinson, Esq., and others of New-Hampshire, 1733-7. This 
latter correspondence, which relates chiefly to the boundary controversy, should be 
carefuU}'" studied b}'^ all who would gain an accurate idea oi' the public affairs of the 
province during that period. 

Volume V. whose title is also given above, contains all the official records and 
documents found in the office of the secretary of state, and elsewhere, relative to 
the important part New-Hampshire took in the expedition against Louisbourg, in 
1745. (For a partial list of officers and soldiers in the expedition, £ee ante, vol. xxii. 
p. 116 ; vol. xxiv. p. 368 ; and vol. xxv. p. 3.) It is of little consequence who was 
the first to suggest this expedition (whether it was Gov. Shirley or Capt. William 
Vaughan, son of Lt. Gov. Vaughan of New-Hampshire, who acted a conspicuous and 
meritorious part in the reduction of the fortress), but it is certain that the province 
through her governor, BenningAVent worth, her council and assembly, and her lead- 
ing men, ably seconded the enterprise, furnished more than her quota of men and 
supplies to that object, and b3^ her land forces, carpenters and sailors, materially and 
brilliantly contributed to the success of the undertaking. These letters, papers, me- 
morials and reports will greatly aid the future historian of the expedition. 

This volume also contains further documents relating to the determination of the 
vexed question of the boundary line between New-Hampshire and Massachusetts, 
and other able papers of Mr. Tomlinson, the agent above-named, relating to that sub- 
ject. The miscellaneous papers, the agreement for the purchase of the ^lasonian 
claims (now first printed from a copy prepared by Col. Joshua ^V^. Peirce of Ports- 
mouth, N. IL, one of the few surviving heirs and assigns of the original Masonian 
proprietors, and who has the original in his possession) ; incidents of Indian warfare ; 
the failure of the projected expedition against Canada in 1746 and 1747, and other 
papers, are of value and interest. 

This volume is not as well printed as the previous volumes ; the t3'pe being of a 
difi'erent and less attractive stj'le, and there are a few marks of carelessness on the 
part of the printer. The editorial work has been done, as in the former volumes of 
the series, with ability, true historical mlelity, and^as one can readily see, with care 
and industry. 

The peculiar labor and difficulties attending the transcribing and editing of ancient, 
moth-eaten, worn, disfigured and mutilated records, such as are most of the originals 
in many of our state-archives, can be truly appreciated only by the select, the di- 
vine few, who delight to go to original sources for information ; but we most fer- 
vently hope that the results of Dr. Bouton's toil will not fail to gain the attention 
they deserve from his fellow citizens ; that all who can obtain tliem will buy, read 
and keep copies of these volumes, and that one cop3% at least, will be placed and its 
custody secured in every town library. If we would have our children become good 
citizens they must be made to read and understand our laws and our histories, both 
local and general ; and our duty, in the same respect, is no less plain and imperative 
toward the invading hosts from Canada and Europe. 

The Story of a Famous Booh : An Account of Dr. Benjamin Franldin's 

Autohiograjyhy. By Samuel A. Green, M.D. Boston : For private 

distribution. 1871. 8vo. pp. 14. 

This is a reprint, for a few friends of the author, of an article which originally 
appeared in the Atlantic Monthly for February, 1871, under the title of " The Story 
of a Famous Book." 

Of Franklin's autobiography, it is undoubtedly true, as Dr. Green says, that it 
was the earliest American book that acquired and sustained a great popular- 
ity ; and few books of the same class are to be compared with it in style and in- 
terest. Its history is both eventful and remarkable, and this is set forth in detail by 
Dr. Green in this interesting pamphlet. He traces the history of its composition, 
of it translations into the French language, and of its retranslation into English ; 
an account of the singular vicissitudes that attended the original manuscript ; and 
also an account of many of the various editions of the work, and a statement of their 

This pamphlet is a valuable addition to our bibliographical history. 

1872.] Bool-Notices. 101 

Historical Memoranda relating to the Discovery of Etherization^ and to 
the connection with it of the late Dr. Williani T. G. Morton. Prepared 
by a Committee of Citizens of Boston chosen to raise a Morton Testimo- 
nial Fund. Boston: Printed by Rand, Avery & Frye. 1871. 8vo. 
pp. IG. 

Who was the discoverer of etherization is a question that has vexed the souls of 
not a few men on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. In this case, as in ahnost 
all instances of great inventions and beneficial discoveries, the final restdt was 
reached by degrees, to which many men and many ages, perhaps, contributed ; but 
lie was the true discoverer who seized upon admitted facts, principles, forces, or pro- 
perties of matter, and applied them to practical and beneficial ends. It is established 
beyond serious controversy that Dr. JMorton first successfully proved that ether is an 
inevitable, complete and safe agent for the alleviation of physical pain. This occurred 
in the Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston, on the Ifjth and 17th of Oct. 1840. 

Dr. AVilliam Thomas Green Morton was born in Charlton, Mass., 9 Aug. 1819, 
and died in the city of New- York 15 July, 1868. 

A Memorial of Anson Burlingame, late Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary from the Chinese Empire to the Treaty Powers. Boston. 

1870. 8vo. pp. 23. 

This pamphlet, City Document, No. 6G, contains a full account of the proceedings 
connected with the funeral of Mr. Burlingame, which took place Saturday, 23 April, 
1870, at the expense and under the direction of tlie city of Boston. 

Anson Burlingauie was tlie son of Joel Burlingame, and was born in New-Berlin, 
county of Chenango, N. Y., 14 Nov., 1820, and died in St. Petersburg, Russia, 23 Feb., 
1870. He was educated at the public schools of Ohio and Michigan, at the Branch 
University of Michigan in Detroit, and at the Harvard Law School. In 1852 he was 
a member of the general court of Mass. ; in 1853, a member of the committee for 
revising the state constitution, and in 1854 was elected a member of the federal 
congress, where he served for the next six years, but was defeated in 1860. In 
1861, he v/as appointed resident minister at Vienna, but the emperor of Austria re- 
fused to receive him, on personal and political grounds ; and while yet in Europe, 
was appointed ambassador to the court of Pekin. In 1867, the emperor of China 
appointed him chief of an extraordinary mission to the principal western nations. 
He was in the successful discharge of this mission when he died. He married a 
daughter of Isaac Livermore, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass., who with several children 
survives him. 

Myles Standish, with an Account of the Exercises of Consecration of the 
Monument Ground on Captain'' s Hill, Daxhury \_Mass.'\, Aug. 17, 1871. 
Prepared by Stephen M. Allen, Corresponding Secretar}^ of the 
Standish Memorial Association. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers. 

1871. 8vo. pp. 76. 

At last, the memory of doughty and redoubtable Myles Standish is to be perpetu- 
ated by a monument upon or near the spot where his ashes rest. This is well. And 
yet it is hardly needed ; for, if we look about us, we shall see everywhere monuments, 
far nobler and, as we hope, more enduring than brass or stone, to the civic as well 
as private virtues, the martial skill and courage, the self-denying labors, and the 
far-seeing and far-reaching prudence of Standish and his contemporaries. 

The pamphlet under notice contains a sketch of the life and character of Standish ; 
a history of the organization and proceedings of the Monument Association ; the 
oraticm of Gen. H. B. Sargent, and the after-dinner speeches of Gen. B. F. Butler, 
Hon. Geo. B. Loring, Hon. N. B. Shurtlett', and the Bev. A. A. Miner, D.D. ; poems 
by Justin AVinsor, Esq., of Boston, and the late S. F. Streeter, of iialtimore, &C!. ; 
and is embellished with cuts representing a front view of Standish's house built in 
1666, and still standmg ; also a view of his kitchen, and ?i facsimile of liis autograph. 

The pamphlet is well printed, and the contents well arranged by Mr. Allen, to 
whom we are indebted for a copy. 


Marriages and Deaths. 



1. A Metuoridl of Joslah Barker, of Charlestoivn, Mass. By Harry 
Herheiit Edks, Member of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, and Corresponding Member of the State Historical Society of 
Wisconsin. Boston : Privately printed. 1871. 8vo. pp. 25. [D. 
Clapp & Son.] 

2. William Pitt Fessenrhn : A Memoir prepared for the New-England 
Historical and Genealogical Register for April, 1871. By Geo. Henry 
Preble. Reprinted for private distribution, with additions. Boston: 
David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1871. 8vo. pp. 24. 

3. Reminiscences of Lncias Manlius Sargent: with an Appendix containing 
a Genealogy of his Familg, and other matters. By John H. Sheppard. 
Boston : Printed by David Clapp & Son. 1871. 8vo- pp. 51. 

4. Old Cambridge and New. By •Thomas C. Amory. Reprinted from 

the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, for July, 1871, 

with additions. Boston : James R. Osgood & Co., 124 Tremont Street. 

[David Clapp & Son, Printers.] 

VV^e give the titles of some of the more recent reprints from our pages mainly for 
the purpot^e of puttini^ the fact of their re-issue on record. They are printed on 
heavy paper, and are valuable contributions to our local and genealogical history. 
With the exception of the last, which is f)r sale at Osgood & Co.'s, they wero 
printed for private distribution among the authors' friends. 



Forster=Lyox. In Charlestown, Mass., 

Sept. 5, Edward Jacob Forster, M.D., 

to Anita Damon, dau. of Henry Lyon, 

M.D., ail of Charlestown. 
Ger!cex=Al()FSen. In Paris, France, 

Nov. 7, at tiie Protestant Church, M. 

Jean Adolphe Gerken, of Amsterdam, 

Holland, to Miss Frances Alofsen, dau. 

of S. Alofsen, Esq., of Jersey city, N. 

J., honorary vice president of the N. E. 

Historic, Geneal()ii;ical Society. 
Troup= Wheeler. In Ayer, Mass., June 

27, 1871, by Rev. Elias Nason, Mr. 

Charles A. S. Troup, of Boston, and 

Miss Clara E. A., daughter of George 

T. Wheeler, of Ayer. 


Corey, Solomon Pendre, in Maiden, Sept, 
II, 1871, of heart disease. He was born 
in Kingston, Mass., Jan. 28, 1813, and 
Avasson of (^apt. Solomon and Charlotte 
Delano (Winsor) Corey. He married 
May 0, 1835, Martha S,, dauirhter of 
Thomas and Hannah (Cheever) Waite, 
of Maiden. His ])aternal ancestry is 
given in Reg. xix. 174. In the mater- 
nal line he was descended from Pilgrim 

stock, through his ^rand parents Petcr^ 
and Charlotte (Delano) Windsor, Sam '1 
and Rhoda^ (Delano) Winsor, Joshua* 
and Hopestill (Peterson) Delano, Eben- 
ezer and Martha^ (Simmons) Delano, 
John and Mercv^ (Pabodie) Simmons, 
William and Elizabeth^ (Alden) Pa- 
bodie, John and Priscilla^ (xMullins) 

Alden, William^ and Mullins. The 

last four were the well-known passen- 
gers in the " Mayflower," 1020. Other 
ancestors in the same line are Philip de 
la Noye and jNIoses Symonson (Sim- 
mons) of the '-Fortune,'- 1621, Ste- 
phen Tracy of the " Ann," 1623, Rev. 
Ralph Partridge, first minister of Dux- 
bury, and his son-in-law Rev. Thomas 
Thacher, first minister of the Church 
now known as the Old South in Boston. 

Cox, Rev. S. J. (of the Philadelphia Me- 
thodist EpiscopalCon Terence) , in Zanes- 
villc, Ohio, August 23, 1870, aoed 80 
years. He was a son of Hon. James 
Cox, who was a member of con<;ress 
from New-Jersey in the years 180!) and 
1810, and uncle of Hon. Sanuiel Sulli- 
van Cox, now of congress from xSew- 





Damell, Otis, a -well known member of 
St. Paul's parish in this city, March 7, 
1871, aged 66 years. He ^vas buried 
March 11, at Mount Auburn Ceme- 
tery. The funeral service was conduct- 
ed at St. Paul's Church, by Rev, Dr. 
Nicholson. A large number of citizens, 
and many of the children of the Church 
Orphan's Home, of which Mr. Daniell 
was a substantial benefactor, were in 
attendance. We take the following 
just tribute of respect from the Adver- 
tiser : — 

" We are seldom called upon to re- 
cord the deceav^e of a private citizen 
who will be more greatly missed by his 
associates, nor of anj' of greater moral 
worth than him whose name heads this 
notice. Of a most retiring and unob- 
trusive. disposition naturally, he was 
from principle so averse to having his 
name connected in a public manner 
with the philanthropic and relinious 
movements of the day, that his real 
services and labors were hardly known 
to the world at large. And yet from, 
the time he came to Boston, about the 
year 1818, until the day of his death, 
his whole life was one of self-denial and 
religious consecrati(m. He was born 
in Needham, in 1805, and came to Bos- 
ton as clerk for the late Moses Grant. 
So acceptable and valuable were his 
services that he was admitted general 
partner in the business bolbre becoming 
of age. The firm of Grant & Daniell 
was lormed in 1826 ; Mr. Daniell "s con- 
nection terminated in 1855. The house 
thus founded was always known for 
the probity and high commercial char- 
acter of its business transactions. The 
strictest principles of rectitude, honor 
and prudence alone guided their coun- 
cils. Mr. Daniell was possessed of 
more than ordinary caution; and. al- 
though he had a capacity that enabled 
him easily to grasp and control to a suc- 
cessfid result large transactions, yet he 
was ever averse to those hazards which 
imperd fortunes while promising great 
pecuniary gains. These qualities gave 
great value to his services as a bank 
officer and as an administrator of fidu- 
ciary estates. 

" lie early in life connected himself 
with the P^jjiscopal Church, and was 
always a consistent and earnest suppor- 
ter of the churches and institutions 
maintained })y that order. He was 
one of the founders and for many years 
one of the wardens of Grace Church, 
in Temple Street, until the church edi- 
fice passed to anotlier denominati(jn. 
He was also an officer ard a constant 

benefactor of the Church Home for 
Orphans. But it was in jjrivate life 
that he was best known and loved. 
His charities were constant though un- 
obtrusive, and were always regulated 
by principle. He seemed to regard 
himself as a steward to manage his 
estate for his JMaster. as one tliat must 
give account. Those who came to 
know him intimately knew not whe- 
ther to prize him most for his wisdom 
or for his kindly courtesy. To all such 
his loss is irreparable." 

Dean, Dr. Oliver, at Franklin, Mass., 
Dec. 5, aged 87. He was a son of Seth 
Dean, of Franklin, where he Avas born 
Feb. 18, 1783 ; and was descended from 
John^ Dean (who settled at Dedham 
as early as 1677), through Kbenezer,'^ 
Ebenezer^ and Setli,"* his father. He 
was educated a physician, and was a 
member of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society. In 1811 he married Misis Caro- 
line Francoeur, who died in 1866, and 
in 1868 he married Mrs. Louisa C. 
Hawes, of W rent ham, Avho survives 
him. In the war of 1812 he removed 
to Med way, and practised there until 
1817, when his health lailed and he 
withdrew forever from his profession. 
For nine years he Avas superintendent 
of the Medway Cotton Manufactory, 
and eight years Superintendent and to 
the time of his death president of the 
Amoskeag Manufacturing CoiTJ^my in 
i\lanchester, N. 11, For ten years sub- 
se(|uent he resided on a large farm in 
Framingham ; in 1844 he became one 
of the prominent men in the Scliool 
Street Church in Boston, and in 1851 
purchased his late i"eside»ce in Franklin 
He was the founder of the Dean 
Academy at Franklin, on which he be- 
stowed about $250,000, during his life, 
and to which he left l)y his vvill j)roperty 
estimated at }j<300,000, lie also made 
bequests to Tufts College, of which in- 
stitution he was president of the board 
of trustees, and to which he had 
been a liberal benefiictor. He leaves 
a bond of .'•};20,000 towards the erection 
of a new Univt-rsalist church at Frank- 
lin. Tiic Universalist denomination 
has lost in him one of its best friends. 
He left no children. 

Haves, Susan, widow of the late Hon. 
Win. A. Hayes, in South Berwick, 
Me., September 20, 1870, aged 80. 

Jameson-, Jolin, Esq., in Cornish, Me , 
April 2, 1H70, u'jerl 70 years. I le Avas a 
memberofthe barof tliecounty of York. 




Jamesox, Elizabeth Jewett, T\^ire of the 
late John Jameson, Esq., in Cornish, 
Mc., April?, 1870. 

Minor, Capt Robert D., died snddenly 
on the morning of Nov. 25, 1871, in 
Richmond, Va. The deceased M'ns born 
(as we have been intbrmed) in Ereder- 
icksl)tir£;, in the year 182G. During 
Piesident Tyler's administration he 
received his w^arrant as a midshij)man 
in the United States navy, and, by rea- 
son of gallant service and a fliithful 
and honorable dii^charge of duty, he 
won the rank of lieutenant. 

i\t the commencement of the late 
war, he resigned his commission and at 
once entered the naval service of the 
confederate states as a captain, and 
bore himself with great bravery. 
He acted a prominent part in the 
memorable light in llamjjton Iloads, 
and was in that engagement wound- 
ed in the shoulder, while bearing 
a flag of truce to save the crew of 
one of the frigates disabled by the iron- 
clad ram, Virginia. 

When the scheme for tlie improve- 
ment of the navigation of the James 
River had been perfected, he was called 
in his capacity of engineer to take 
charge of the work. The present con- 
dition of that improvement bears high 
testimony to his efficiency and activit}^, 
and in his death the city has met witii 
a loss it can illy aifoid to bear. 

As an officer and a gentleman, Capt. 
Minor was sans /jcwr et sans rcproche. 
As a husband, a father and a friend, he 
was loving, kind, gentle and true. 

Sanford, Solomon White, in Taunton, 
Ms., December 20, 1870, unmarried, 
aged 41 j^ears, 3 months and 3 days. 

He wais the second son of Reverend 
Enoch Sanford and Mrs. Caroline 
White, his wife {ante, vol. xxv. p. 104) . 
He was born at the parstmage in 
Raynham, Ms., September 26, 1829, 
and resided in Taunton, Milford, New- 
York city, and Providence, R. I., 
where he was the junior partner in the 
manufacturing firm of Homer, Black 
and Sanford. 

About a year before his death, on 
account of failing health, having met 
M'ith Considerable success, he retired 
from active business, and returned to 
his father's residence in Raynham. 

He was the paternal grandson of Capt. 
Joseph Sanford, of Berkeley, jMs., a sol- 
dier oi" the revolutii)n, born 1701, died 
1831, and his wile Mrs. l^jlcjvnor Macom- 
L(,'r, b:>rn 1703, died 1815. Paternal gr. 
grands'jn of Lieut. Ceorgc Sanford, 

born 1724, died 1820, and his wife Mrs. - 
Mary Phillips, died 1793 ; and pater- 
nal gr. gr. grandson of John Sandford, 
died 1747, and his wife Mrs. Abigail 
Pitts, born 1689, the granddaughter of 
Peter Pitts and Edward Babbitt, of 
Taunton, and gr. granddaughter of 
of Miles Tarne, of Boston. 

Some account of his maternal ances- 
tors is given,ff/i/^e, vol.xxv.pp. 103, 104. 

Mr. Sanford was endowed with many 
pleasing traits of character, and his 
genial companionship endeared him to 
a large circle of friends. He was buri- 
ed in Raynham in the family inclosure. 

Sayward, Joseph, Esq., in Alfred, Me., 
11 August, 1869, aged 82 years. 

Spooner, Samuel, of Southampton, Ms., 
May 26, 1870, aged 71 years, 1 mo, 27 
days, lie married, 19 Dec, 1822, Sa- 
rah I... daughter of Abraliam and Han- 
nah (Morse) Losey. She was born 
September 21, 1797. 

He was son of Samuel and Zeriah 
(Hale) S., of Somers, Conn., grandson 
of Samuel and Elizabeth (Parker) S., 
of Douglass, Ms. ; gr. grandson of 
Joshua and Ereelove (Westcott) S., of 
Providence, R. I. ; gr. gr. grandson of 
Benjamin and Joanna (Tobey) S., of 
Middleboro', Ms, ; gr. gr. gr. grandson 
of William and Sarah S.,oi Dartmouth; 
gr. gr. gr. gr. grandson of William and 
Hannah (Pratt) Spooner of Dartmouth. 


Sullivan, Capt. James, in Portland, Me., 
March 18, 1871. He was the son of 
Capt. John and Mary (Ycaton) Sulli- 
van, and grandson of Ebenezer, son 
of master John Sullivan, of Berwick, 
Me. He was born in Portsmouth,, N. 
H., Jan. 23, 1810 ; married, Aug. 1842, 
Anne M., daughter of William Shaw, 
Esq., of Boston. 

Eor many years he commanded a 
ship in the New-Orleans and Havre 
trade ; afterward in the New- York 
and Liverpool trade. During the war 
of the rebellion he sailed the steamer 
Conqueror, a transport, between New- 
York and southern ports. He leaves a 
widow and two children, Anne Jose- 
phine and James William. 

He Mas a kind husband and father, 
an affectionate brother, a faithful 
friend, a noble man. 

Yeatov, Mrs. Eliza S., wife of Mr. Orlan- 
do Ycaton, in Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct. 23, 
1870, aged 65 years 7 mos. She was 
sister ol Capt. James Sullivan above 

3".-vr, Sm^^' 





Vol. XXVI. APRIL, 1872. No. 2. 


[Communicated by John H. Sheppard, A.M.] 

Samuel Tucker was born in Marblehead, Mass., Nov. 1, 1747, as appears 
on a leaf in the old family bible, and was christened in the First Church of 
Christ in Marblehead, Nov. 8th, of the same year, according to the record 
of said church. He was the third child of Andrew and Mary Tucker, who 
had eight children, viz. : Andrew, Mary, Samuel, William, Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth, twins, and Sarah. 

Andrew Tucker, his father, according to tradition, was one of three 
brothers, who emigrated together from Dundee, Scotland, when young men, 
one of whom settled in South Carolina, one in Virginia, and one, Andrew, 
in Marblehead ; but this tradition is probably incorrect, as there was an 
Andrew Tucker at Marblehead as early as 16G3. His mother's maiden 
name was Mary Belcher, — an English lady, handsome, fashionable and of a 
refined education. She was fond of social life. Her fissure was tall and 
majestic, and from her style of dress, stately appearance, and winning 
manners, she was called " The Lady Mary." This maternal gaiety 
descended to Samuel, as a precious heirloom, which he cherished during a 
long life. 

His fatlier followed the sea ; was a skilful shipmaster, and much respected. 
Before the revolution, he was in affluent circumstances and lived in style. 
The house which he built more than a hundred years ago, on Rowland Hill, 
near the bay in Marblehead, is still standing, changed from a gable roof to 
the modern fashion. He is said to have laid out much cost on this buildinir, 
and decorated his rooms with rich paper-hangings imported from France. 
Here the writer saw some fragments of this paper, thick as cloth and figured 
with vermilion and black stripes. This house must have been stylish in its 
day, and is still a substantial and convenient tenement. 

Of the boyhood and education of Samuel, we only know that at an early 
period he was sent to school, and was well grounded in reading, writing and 
arithmetic. His father seeing that he was a l)right boy and apt to learn, 
wished to send him to college, but the youth had no taste for the groves of 
the academy : his element was the sea, and to so great a degree was his 
soul kindled by the songs and stories of tlie Marblehead mariners, who 
seemed like descendants of the ancient sea-kings, that at eleven years of 

Vol. XXVI. 10 

106 Commodore Samuel TucJcer, [Apnl, 

age he ran away and embarked on board of the Royal George, an English 
sloop-of-war, which was bound on a cruise to Louisbourg. He was afterward 
apprenticed to the captain by his forgiving and prudent father. It was there 
lie accjuired much nautical knowledge, and became acquainted with British 
signals, — a source of great value to him in his future career. 

At seventeen, he enlisted as second mate on board of a vessel from Salem, 
of which his brother was first mate. When she was within a few hours' sail 
of Lisbon, she was pursued by two Algerine corsairs. The captain was 
frightened, as he gazed at them from the companion way ; and to quiet his 
fears he retreated to his bottle, and hid himself in the cabin. Samuel's 
brother was at the helm, and becoming also alarmed, gave it up to our young 
hero, who, as night was approaching, boldly sailed toward the pirates, as in 
token of surrendering. Darkness came on, he put out the lights, crowded 
sail, and in the morning arrived safely in Lisbon. The base captain, 
ashamed of his cowardice, put Samuel out of sight on board an English 
frigate ; but the story of this daring escape, it is said, got wind, and Samuel 
was then promoted to the berth of midshipman. How long he continued 
in this frigate, is unknown, — probably for a short period ; for he was after- 
ward mate of a vessel in the merchant service, and subsequently master of 
a ship. 

He was married Dec. 21, 1768, soon after he became of age. His wife 
was Mary, daughter of Samuel and Ann Gatchell, of Marblehead. Mr. 
Gatchell was deacon of the Congregational Church of that place, — a worthy 
and estimable man. On his marriage, Capt. Tucker took part of his father- 
in-law's house, which was a double one, and afterward moved to his father's 
on Rowland Hill, in order to take care of him, now old and a victim of 
disease. The latter who had been unfortunate, and was now reduced in 
property, must have died during the war with England, as the son refers in a 
future letter to taking care of his mother, " who had no other to look up to 
for either succor or aid in the least, during more than thirty years." This 
venerable widow died in Bristol, Maine, at her son's house, in 1808, over 
ninety-one years old, — an example of maternal love and filial affection ever 
sacred and ever honorable. She is said to have been a woman of strong ■ 
and superior mind. 

In 1774, he commanded the brig Young Phenix, on a voyage to Bilboa, ■ 
Spain, where amidst breakers and great peril he saved the vessel. But we i 
must pass over his voyages and accompany him to Loudon when the revolu- ] 
tionary war was breaking out. He was there urged by a recruiter to enlist j 
as an officer in the king's service, and in his haste he cursed "his most gracious ] 
majesty." This hard-shelled patriotism exposed him to trouble and danger 1 
of imprisonment, and he was obliged to leave London secretly, and making j 
his escape by the aid of friends, he obtained a passage in a ship belonging : 
to the celebrated financier and patriot, Robert Morris, of Philadelphia. On J 
the voyage a furious storm arose, and the preservation of the ship was due \ 
to the skill and coolness of Capt. Tucker. This incident made Mr. Morris j 
an efficient and permanent friend, who was instrumental in procuring the i 
notice and patronage of Gen. Washington for the brave seaman. From his ) 
tent at Cambridge the General sent him a commission as captain of the j 
armed schooner Franklyn. It was dated Jan. 20, 177G. This was one of j 
the earliest commissions issued by the commander-in-chief on the formation ': 
of an infant navy. Capt. Tucker was then at home in Marblehead, and his j 
interview with the officer who announced to him the honor, has come down j 
to us as a tradition, well authenticated and full of humor. His armed vessel ■: 

1872.] Commodore Samuel Tucl'cr. 107 

lay at Beverly, and the next day Tucker was on board of her and scouring 
the seas. 

He made several cruises in the Frankly n, and was so successful in taking 
prizes as to receive the thanks of Gen. Washington. His patriotic wife 
made the banner under which he fought ; the field of which was white, 
with the figure of a pine tree in green. He captured the ship George, 
laden with troops and munitions of war. In the spring of 1776 he was 
transferred to the command of the armed schooner Hancock, in which he 
also made many captures. There is an interesting account of one capture 
in the summer of that year, which occurred in the vicinity of Marblehead, 
when his wife and sister stood on the top of a lofty hill in that place and 
saw through a glass the smoky encounter, heard the roar of the artillery 
and witnessed the arrival of the prize in the harbor. The captures in 1776 
were very numerous and annoying to the enemy. An English work, the 
" Remembrancer," speaks of 342 vessels captured ; of this vast number, Capt. 
Tucker took very many. In his life-time he had a complete list of them, 
but it was lent and lost. 

Such were his services and success that, on the 15th day of March, 1777, 
he was appointed by congress commander of the frigate Boston, by a com- 
mission, bearing the signature of John Hancock, president. In this ship he 
took several prizes. On one occasion the encounter was very bloody ; for 
he boarded the enemy and lost the brave Magee, his lieutenant, who headed 
the marines and fell a sacrifice. Having a presentiment of his fate, this 
intrepid officer handed to Capt. Tucker, just before the attack, a ring, watch 
and miniature to be sent, if he were slain, to his only sister. 

Command of the frigates and armed vessels was frequently changed ; but 
on the 27th of December, 1777, Capt. Tucker again was appointed master 
of the frigate Boston; and, Feb. 10, 1778, he was ordered to convey the 
Hon. John Adams as envoy to France. He was authorized to fit her out 
for this purpose at his own discretion ; and consequently he supplied her 
with additional spars and canvass, which it was said, were of peculiar and 
original construction, having reference to swift sailing. As the object of 
Mr. Adams's mission was important, it was so well known to the enemy that 
a British seventy-four and two frigates at Newport had been watching the 
motions of the Boston and the time of her departure. To escape a force so 
formidable and avoid the numerous men-of-war which infested the track 
across the Atlantic to France, Capt. Tucker had been selected to the com- 
mand on account of his nautical skill and well-known intrepidity. So great 
was the confidence of Mr. Adams in this naval officer, that he committed 
not only himself, but his young son, the since celebrated John Quincy Adams, 
then eleven years old, to his charge. 

On the 17th of February, 1778, at seven o'clock in the afternoon, Capt. 
Tucker weighed anchor at Nantasket Roads, and went to sea with colors 
flying, firing a salute of seven guns on the occasion. 

Tlie log-book of this momentous voyage is preserv^ed, and has furnislied 
material for an accurate account of this era of his life. It begins with 
these words in his own handwriting: "Pray God, conduct me safe to France 
and send me a prosperous cruise." It was a sweet memorial of tlie care 
and influence of a pious mother, who tliirty years ])efore had offered, in 
baptism, her infant Samuel to the protection and guidance of the Alniight}'. 

On the liJth of February, at 6 P.M., he saw in the east three large ships 
of the enemy and hauled his wind to the south. He then, on consultation 
with Mr. Adams and his officers, wore ship and run an hour to the north- 

108 Commodore Samuel Tuclcer, \^k^v\\ 

ward, and saw two of these ships under his lee with short sail, — one ship of 
20 guns, the other as large as his own ; the third was far off. Imme- 
diately the man at mast-head cried out that there was a ship on the weather 
(quarter. Though continually exposed to these frigates, he avoided them by 
frequent changes of his course, — sometimes approaching them, and sometimes 
distancing them, till they were diminished to the view as a mere speck. 
Thus he made his escape, till a furious storm arose, which drove them out of 
bight, and left him to fight a terrible battle with the winds and waves. The 
storm was gathering at 10 P.M., on the 21st, and at twelve midnight, it blew 
a tempest. The thunder drowned the roaring of the waves. The lightning 
struck the mainmast and topmast, wounding three men, and knocking down 
several others. Capt. Tucker remarks in liis journal : " We were in great 
danger, the sea very cross and high." Heavy rains came on, and they were 
obliged to scud before the wind. They were in north latitude 38° 33', and 
longtitude, west, GO'^ 30'. The scene on board the ship at this time must 
have been terrific. In the noon of night, in the " dead of darkness," — to 
borrow a similitude from the awful imagery of Prospero in the Tempest, — 
the rattling of ropes and crackling of timbers and spars ; the dread roar of 
the angry winds ; the gleaming sheets of fire, at times flashing over the sea 
and sky ; the sight of three wounded sailors and the fall of others by a stroke 
of lightning; the tall masts trembling beneath the blast; and, add to all this, 
the dismal echo from the pumps that there was water in the hold : these 
were enough to appal the boldest veteran that ever faced the cannon's 
mouth in battle. Well might the captain in his distress, alarmed for his 
anxious passengers and crew, — while before him and around him a terrible 
storm of rain, thunder and lightning threatened every moment to sink him 
and them, — well might he, in such a mass of sorrows, pour forth that short 
and simple prayer from his heart, which stands recorded in his journal of 
that day : " Pray God protect us and carry us through our various troubles." 
Gladly must every serious mind contemplate such a precious example of 
faith, uttered by one of the noblest seamen of the revolution. AYhat must 
have been the sufferino-s of that man at that dark hour, when he thouijht of 
home, of his family, and of his bleeding country struggling with the mightiest 
nation on the globe, and then beheld the grand mission on the very verge 
of destruction ! for it seemed as though the artillery of heaven was pointed 
a^rainst him. 

o .... 

Yet, when we gaze in miagmation at this awful picture, and summon up 
the scene to our view through a vista of nearly a hundred years, as we sit 
by our cheerful firesides in this happy land, there seems to be a moral 
grandeur and sublimity in this event. We see the dark outline of his stalwart 
form on the deck of the frigate, — at spells illuminated by a blaze of light- 
ning, — erect and commanding, and hear him issuing his orders to the intrepid 
seamen with a voice rising above the tempest. lie alone is calm and col- 
lected, like -ZEneas of old, 

Curisqne ingentibus oegcr, 

concealing liis deep anxieties, peering througli tlie black clouds for one 
ray of light, and cheering his brave companions with hope of weathering 
the storm; while near him stands the sturdy patriot of Braintree, ready to 
cry aloud: "This is the Hand of God, stretclied out to shield us from the 

We could never look on the face of one of those heroic men, who fought 
in the armies of the revolution, or gained renown in the navy, without 

1872.] Commodore Samuel TucJicr. 109 

sensibility. The warm emanations of gratitude were excited. In these 
survivors of '7G we saw the vestiges of a race of patriots in whose hearts 
the vestal fire of freedom burned with an undying flame. They belonged 
to an immortal band, — a Theban phalanx, — which Providence had raised 
up to lay the foundation of a republic, which now stretches across a vast 

The storm and boisterous weather held on for several days, and a squall 
on the 24th of February carried the main-top-mast over. " Thanks to God," 
wrote Tucker, "no man was lost or wounded." After twenty-two days of 
exj^osure to such tempestuous weather, and, with skilful manoeuvring to avoid 
the prowling enemy, they reached lat. 44°, and long. IG*^ west, and on the 
lltli of March, they saw a distant ship on the south east, standing west, and 
soon discovered she was armed. Capt. Tucker, having consulted w^itli Mr. 
Adams, who favored his views, immediately shook out a reef in his topsail 
and gave chase. 

" AVhat should you do," said Mr. Adams to him one day, when three ships 
were pursuing him, "if you could not escape and they should all attack 
you?" He replied: "As the first would be ftxr in advance of the others, I 
would carry her by boarding, and would myself head the boarders. I should 
take her, for no doubt a majority of her crew, being pressed men, would 
turn and join me. Having taken her, I should be matched, and could fight 
the other two." 

A gentleman related these facts to the w^riter, as he heard them directly 
from Mr. Adams himself a few months before his decease. The venerable 
patriot was at the time in his mansion in Quincy, sitting by the fireside. 
Something appertaining to the bravery of Com. Tucker, coming up in their 
conversation, drew out several anecdotes of the naval hero. Mr. Adams 
described the voyage to France ; the escape of the Boston from three 
English privateers ; the terrible storm, and the particulars of the capture. 
As soon as they perceived she was an armed vessel, Capt. Tucker, after 
consultation, prepared for action and boldly sailed up to her. The drum 
beat to arms, and in the mean time Mr. Adams seized a musket and 
joined the marines, standing by a gun ready for battle. The ca[)tain 
stepped up to him, put his hand on his shoulder, and in a voice of authority 
said : " Mr. Adams, I am commanded by the continental congress to 
deliver you safe in France, and you must go down below, Sir." jNIr. 
Adams smiled, and went down into the cabin. Tucker, by this time, had 
contrived to get his frigate into the position he wished. His guns were all 
shotted; each man was at his post, the match-stocks smoking ; and yet he 
hesitated to give order to fire. At this delay his men grew im[)atient, and 
seeing so fine a chance to strike a decisive blow, they began to murmur 
bitterly, when he cried out in these memorable words: "Hold on, my men. 
I wish to save that agg without breaking the shell." Nor were they com- 
pelled to hold on long; for the enemy seeing at once the advantage he had 
gained, and that his own chance of conquest or escape was desperate, 
imnK'diately struck his colors. 

The authenticity of this account of the capture of the Martha is unques- 
tionable, though it may difier in some particulars frou) that of some otluirs 
which have been publisluMl. The iian-ative of the, conversation with Mr. 
Adams, did not refer to a broadside lired by the Martha; but Capt. Tucker 
in his lifetime remarked that she had fired three guns. One statement of 
this capture appeared in print, where-in it was sai<l that the enemy dischar^^ed 
a broadsidf; as the Boston approached, and shivered oil* a piece of tlie mi/.eu 

Vol. XXVI. 10* 

110 Commodore Samuel Tucker, [April, 

yard, which in falling, struck Capt. Tucker on the head, and knocked him 
down ; but that he quickly recovered from the stunning blow and resumed 
his command. Tliis is in part confirmed by a letter he wrote to the navy 
committee of the eastern department, dated March 11, 1778; and he there 
states that the enemy, discovering that he hoisted his colors, "bore away, 
firing a broadside, which carried away my mizen-yard and did no other 
damage." And further, the captain of the Martha said: "he did not think 
himself able to get his colors down soon enough;" for, says Capt. Tucker: 
" he was horribly scared." The prize ship, Capt. MTntosh, bound from 
London to New- York, with a valuable cargo, was sent to Boston under two 
officers, Mr. Barron and Mr. Reed ; but was recaptured by the enemy. 

On the 17th of May, he weighed anchor, saluting the Castle of Bordeaux 
as he passed. He joined a ileet of Frenchmen, in company with the cele- 
brated Paul Jones, who was then cruising with a brig of 10 guns. During 
June, he cruised among the beautiful islands in the Bay of Biscay, captured 
the John and Rebecca, a Scotch brig, the brig Britannia, the Elizabeth and 
others. With the ship of war Ranger, Capt. Simpson, he united with the 
Providence under Com. Whipple. In September, this squadron began to 
sail homeward, took several prizes on their cruise, and Oct. 15, all three 
arrived safe in Portsmouth. 

There is an anecdote in the correspondence of John Adams (vol. x. pp. 
26-27), where Mr. Adams speaks of the remarks of Capt. MTntosh, com- 
mander of the prize ship Martha, while he was a prisoner. The captain 
was curious to examine the frigate, and Tucker allowed him to see every 
part of her. He frequently expressed to Mr. Adams his astonishment ; he 
had never seen a completer ship. "However," he added, "you are a rising 
country of the world, and if you send to sea such ships as this, you will be 
able to do great things." 

Judge Sprague, late justice of the district court of the United States, in a 
splendid eulogy, at Hallo well, Me., on Adams and Jeiferson, July 2G, 1826, 
says : " The public ship, on board which he embarked, was commanded by 
the gallant Commodore Tucker, now living and a citizen of this state, who 
took more guns from the enemy, during the revolutionary war, than 'any 
other naval commander, and who has been far less known and rewarded 
than his merits deserve." 

In 1779, he joined the Masonic Fraternity. During that summer, the 
Deane, Capt. Nicholson, and the Boston, Capt. Tucker, went to sea in com- 
pany. They took many prizes, and returned Sept. 18, after a successful cruise. 

There is a letter among his papers, from John Paine, Esq., late of 
Thomaston, Maine, referring to one terrific fight in which Tucker captured 
an armed vessel. The scene of the conflict was appalling. It was in the 
dead of night. The dashing of the waves, the gleaming and thunder of the 
artillery, and the uncertainty and horror of an engagement between two 
hostile war ships in darkness or only the glimmering of star-light, were 
enough to make the stoutest heart tremble. That he did fight such a battle, 
there can be no doubt ; but neither the time, the name of the ship he com- 
manded, nor the name of the prize, can now be snmmoned from oblivion in 
the silent grave where he lies, by any spirit or table-mover. 

The various prizes he took, excited much admiration in the papers of the 
day. The Sandwich packet, — the privateer Glencairu 20 and Thorn 18 
guns, — were among his valuable captures. 

After his return from this cruise, the Boston frigate, Capt. Tucker, and 
Confederacy, 32 guns, Capt. Harding, were sent out to intercept the British 

1872.] Commodore Samuel TucJ^er. Ill 

cruisers and convoy the Eustatia fleet of merchantmen, with supplies of 
clothing- fi'om Holland to the American army ; and notwithstanding th^ 
frigates of the enemy hovered about the fleet like eagles after their prey, 
he conducted them unharmed to Philadelphia. 

It was on this cruise of June, 1779, that he acquired the title of commo- 
dore, lie was directed to proceed, in company with the Deane, Capt. 
Nicholson, who being a junior captain, Tucker took by usage and custom the 
command with that title. 

Our space will not allow a description of the battles he fought in taking 
some of his prizes. But, one was so remarkable it deserves a brief notice 
in this sketch. On his cruise with Capt. Nicholson, the report of his bravery 
had reached New- York, and excited much talk among the oilicers of the 
British navy who were there. They fitted out a frigate to take him. The 
news reached Tucker ; and in a few days he saw the English ship of war 
in the distance and knew her well. He then hoisted P^nglish colors, and as 
the two vessels approached each other within hailing distance, the British 
captain hailed him with ''What ship is that?" "Capt. Gordon's," said the 
Commodore ; for Capt. Gordon commanded an English ship, modelled and 
built much like the Boston, and had taken many prizes. " Where are you 
from ? " " From New York," said Tucker. " When did you leave ? " 
" About four days ago." " I am after the Boston frigate, to take that rebel 
Tucker, and am bound to carry him dead or alive to New York," said the 
captain ; '• have you seen him ? " Tucker rejoined, " Well, I have heard of 
him : they say he is a bad customer." 

In the meantime. Com. Tucker was manoeuvring to bring his ship into a 
raking jjosition, so as to sweep the decks of the English frigate, lie had 
every man at his post, his guns shotted, his gunners stationed with lighted 
matches in their hands, and all waiting orders of the commander. There 
was a man in the maintop of the enemy's frigate, who had formerly known 
the Commodore, and he cried out to his captain, "That is surely Tucker; 
we shall have a hell-smell directly." 

Tucker, having got his ship in a raking position, ordered the American 
flag to be hoisted; and then said in a voice of thunder to the British captain, 
" The time I proposed talking with you has ended. This is the Boston 
frigate, — I am Samuel Tucker, but no rebel. Either fire or strike your flag." 
Seeing the advantage his adversary had, he struck his flag. Not a gun was 
fired. Ex-Pres. John Adams, June 13, 177*J, says: "Tucker has sent in a 
twenty-four gun ship this afternoon, which did not fire a shot at him before 
striking. It is at the Capes, with the Confederacy, one of the finest in any 
service, as it is said by foreigners." It was the frigate Pool. Among the 
papers of the deceased there is an enumeration of his captures of the Boyd, 
Pool, Patsey, Tryall, Elying Fish, Adventure and Thorn, most of them 
armed, the last a privateer. 

In S<'[)tember, 177*J, Com. Tucker was ordered to the defence of Charles- 
ton, S. C. The squadron consisted of the Providence, Com. AVhipple ; the 
Boston. Capt. Tucker; the Queen of France, Capt. Uatlil)one ; and the 
Ranger, Capt. Simpson. They arrived there shortly before Christmas. On 
the invasion by Sir Henry Clinton at the head of a large body of troops, and 
a powerful fleet under Admiral Arbuthnot, the city was compelled to sur- 
render, after a siege of thirty days, to an overwhehning force: l)ut the little 
squadron, before it fell into the hands of the enemy, formed a retreat up the 
river, and did essential service ; for no small part of the heavy guns, wliich 
bristle* 1 on the ramparts, was supplied from Com. Whipple's squadron, 

112 Camjnoilorc Saimicl Tucker* [Aprilj 

manned by his marines and directed by his ofRcers. This fiict is unnoticed 
by ]\Ir. Sinims in his history of South Carolina, and seems to have escaped the 
notice of Mr. Lossing in his Pictorial Field Book, so deservedly a favorite 
of the i)ul)lic. 

When a special order came from the Admiral to the commander of the 
Boston frigate to strike his flag, Tucker replied, " I do not think much of 
striking my flag to your present force ; for I have struck more of your flags 
than are now flying in this harbor." 

The 2Gth of June, 1780, he arrived in Boston on parole; but he was soon 
exchanged for Capt. William Wardlow, whose sloop-of-war. Thorn, he had 
captured a year ago. Pie asked the command of her from the Navy Board, 
and it was granted him. In 1780 and '81 he made a number of cruises in 
her, and captured a great many prizes. Among his men was Josiah Everett, 
who had served on Dorchester Heights, was in the battle of Saratoga, and 
died in New-Portland, Me., some years ago. Shortly before his death he 
gave a glowing detail of a sanguinary battle between the Thorn and the Lord 
Hyde. The description is in the Life of Com. Tucker. So terrible was 
the conflict, that Tucker, tho' victorious, looking round on the dead and 
wounded, and on the clots of blood on the deck, cried out, "Would, to God 
I had never seen her!" There was also a severe battle with the Elizabeth, 
a 20 gun ship, in which the English captain, Timothy Pine, was mortally 

Prosperity, however, will not last forever. His little, triumphant Thorn, — ' 
indeed, for a time, a thorn to the British lion, like the sword-fish to the whale, 
— was at last captured near the mouth of the St. Lawrence b}*" the British 
frigate, Hind, and the prisoners were landed on the island of St. John's ; 
from whence, with Dr. Ramsay and a few others. Com. Tucker made his 
escape in an open boat, crossed the bay of Massachusetts, and arrived in 
Boston in the middle of August, 1781. There was some complaint 
afterward about his breaking his parole, which was subsequently healed. 
Peace followed within a year and a half, during which time, though in the 
public service and liable at all times to do duty, it does not appear that he 
was ordered to the command of any ship of war. 

Li the beginning of 1780 he had removed his family to Boston, where he 
purchased a brick three-story house with a cupola and front yard in Fleet 
street, — then the fashionable and court-end of the town, — on the southern 
side near Hanover street. Numerous prizes had made him rich. Not far 
from the west side, stood the large and spacious domicile of Gov. Hutchinson, 
with a garden full of fruit trees. His widowed daughter, Mrs. Hinds, the 
mother of Col. Hinds, of Bremen, Me., resided with him, and the Colonel 
often heard his mother remark that sitting on the Sabbath, at the open 
window, on the western side, she frequently listened to the preaching of the 
Rev. John Murray, in his church in llanover street, as there was no building 
then on the corner to intercept the voice. On the other side of Fleet.street, 
opposite his house, there was a large mansion, where several naval oflicers 
had their lodgings. All these buildings have vanished under the march of 

As he was deemed a man of wealth, he associated with the first society 
of Boston ; for riches, then as now, always opened the doors of hospitality in 
this place. He was polite, genial and popular, and indeed too generous for 
his own good. His personal appearance in the mid-chiy of life was striking, 
— of more than average height, bright comi)lexion, fine features, and with 
deep blue eyes, which, when animated, seemed to grow dark and piercing. 

1872.] Commodore Samuel Tucl'er. 113 

He was stout, with a very broad chest, and usually wore the brilliant dress 
of a naval commander, — a blue coat with lapelles, scarlet vest and dark-blue 
small-clothes; as one of his old friends described his costume to the writer, 
and as agreeing with the account by Mrs. Elizabeth Perkins, who died in 
Boston in 1853, aged 99, — a niece of the eminent Samuel Adams. She 
remarked to the writer, " The Commoctore kept open doors, was hospitable 
and fond of company and of gladsome spirits." She said, "he was a goodly 
man to look upon, so handsome, so animated, — I often danced with him in 
the minuet, and we girls were after him as a partner, his foot was so light 
on the floor. Commodore Tucker was truly a noble man." 

From his expensive habits of living, and reckless loans in lending without 
security, he soon wasted his fortune and was reduced to narrow circumstances. 
In August, 178G, he left Boston and returned to Marblehead, where he 
purchased two-thirds of the Gatchell Mills and grainery, situated near the 
confines of Salem. But it was in vain our hero tried to support a fiimily 
accustomed to style and extravagance by grinding of corn. He probably 
thought this was only a temporary resource ; for hearing that some revenue 
cutters were to be built by the government, he applied to Mr. Alexander 
Hamilton, secictary of the treasury, for the command of one. The reply 
to his petition ibr tiiis humble office w^as, in the words of Hamilton, "iV is 
too late;" others had secured the prize. He had repeatedly petitioned 
congress for payment of his arrears in the naval service, and he was unsuc- 
cessful ; because, — can posterity believe that an omnipotent legislature could 
resort to such an infamous defence? — because his claims were outlawed/ It 
was too late! 

Disappointed, mortified, unfortunate, and now poor, with his wife and 
venerable mother and children, he sold his grist-mill, and emigrated to Maine, 
where he settled down on a wild, rough farm in a small, old house at Bristol 
(now Bremen), near Muscongus harbor, and within sight of the blue 
mountains of Camden, there to labor with his hands, and pass through 
deprivations for thirty years. There he lived, industrious and respected. 
Year after year he was chosen a selectman, four times sent to the Massachu- 
setts general court, and after Maine became a state, twice to her legislature. 

In his official visit to Boston in 1816, as a representative, many old 
acquaintances called upon the noble veteran. His kind and illustrious friend 
Ex-Pres. Adams received him at his mansion in Quincy with much 

His numerous applications to congress, either to pay the arrears justly 
due him, or allow him a pension, is a history of injustice and of the proverbial 
ingratitude of republics. Seven times, at different sessions of congress, were 
his petitions for relief presented by influential members, viz.: in 1790, 1800, 
180G, 1812, 1810, and 1820, — and in 1821, when Hon. Mr. Walker, of 
Georgia, offered in his favor a most able report in the senate, stating that 
justice and gratitude unite " in his call upon government." On whicli the 
senate passed a bill for his half-pay as captain ; but the house of representa- 
tives rejected it by a majority of one. In June, 18.'}2, a general act was 
passed, and a pension of 3G00 a year was settled on him. 

On the 20th of December, 1820, the electoral college appointed him, 
being one of their number, a special messenger to carry on to Washington 
the votes for president and vice-president. 

When he first appeared in the house of representatives among the stran- 
gers who stood outside the bar, his commanding figure, naval dress and 
silvery locks excited much attention. It was soon whispered about, that 

114 Commodore Samuel Tucker, [April, 

Com. Tucker, one of the very few surviving naval officers of the revolution, 
was there ; and all eyes were fixed upon him. Was it not a moment, even 
to the great men in the congress, of sublime recollections of American his- 
tory ? And did not his position at that time remind them of a more exalted 
personage before the queen and nobles of Carthage, as he stood alone in his 
glory ? 

** Restitit JEneas, claraque, in luce refulsit." 

There were many in that august assembly, fifty years ago, who had heard 
of the man, his bravery, his nautical skill, his battles and success on the 
ocean, while his deeds were yet fresh in the minds of the older members. 
It was quickly reported in the capitol that there was one among them, who 
had taken from the enemy sixty-two sail of vessels, more than 600 pieces 
of cannon, and 3000 prisoners in the revolutionary war. Let not the writer 
of this sketch be thought to exaggerate. Such was the averment in the 
National Intelligencer of Dec. 16, 1820. The Hon. Mark L. Hill was 
about to move that Com. Tucker be admitted on the floor, when, upon 
examination, it was found that soon after the revolutionary war, congress 
had passed an unanimous vote of thanks to him for services rendered and 
according to usage he was admitted. 

In this brief account, many exciting events and particulars of his sea-fights 
have been reluctantly passed over, for they form part and parcel of his life 
on the ocean. Nor is there space more than to allude to the important lead 
he took in favor of law and order, when Maine was on the verge of a civil 
war between tenants and proprietors, in what was called the "Squatter 
Insurrection." It was terminated in the wisdom of the legislature by buying 
the rights of the proprietors and quieting the tenants by a satisfactory and 
equitable provision. 

And we can but touch on the last naval exploit of the venerable Com- 
modore in the war of 1812 with England. With forty-four daring young 
men, who had armed a wood coaster, he captured a British armed vessel, 
and brought her safely to port. But, is there not a record of this in his 
Life, before alluded to ? Such was our noble patriot, to whom Mr. Hamilton 
wrote, that it was too late to give him the command of a revenue cutter ; but 
this meritorious officer, even in his old age, proved that it was never too late 
to defend his country I 

After his pension as captain was granted, the aged veteran lived not 
many months. It should be remarked that he had received a small pension 
under the pension law of 1816, and in 1820 he built a house where his 
old one stood, more convenient and suitable to his rank. But his last relief 
came too late. He had become an old man. His beloved wife, who had 
shared with him the weal and the woe of ibrtune for sixty-three years, had 
gone to her rest. She was a talented, brave, and noble woman. Such a 
just provision for his comfort and delightful feeling of independence, had it 
been made earlier in his life, when she was with him, would have been a real 
boon and a blessing, especially when he mused on his rugged acres and re- 
flected that his cattle must be housed seven months of the year in that 
Siberian climate. 

And here it may be well to remark, that after 1816 the pensions of the 
revolutionary soldiers added greatly to the length of their days, when- 
ever they were not shortened by accident or intemperance. This tact stands 
out upon their graves in bold relief. The cause of such longevity may be 
ascribed to the comfort and well-being of the mind, even where a small 

1372.] Edward Oxnard^s JournaL 115 

annuity dispels the anxiety of to-morrow's sustenance and keeps the wolf 
from the door. For nothing corrodes an honorable man like penury. It 
deprives him of his freedom ; he is a slave and a fugitive from happiness ; 
all hope is gone, — hope, the spirit of the soul ; he feels a chill on the life- 
blood of his heart, and he dies because he has no motive to live. So justly 
did the celebrated Junius once remark to a young man : " Let all your 
views in life be directed to a solid, however moderate independence. With- 
out it no man can be happy or even honest." But to conclude. 

He died in Bremen, after a short, but sharp sickness, under the watchful 
care of his widowed daughter, Mrs. Hinds, and her son Col. Samuel Tucker 
Hinds, March 10, 1833, aged 85 years and four months. He saw death, — 
the greatest of mysteries, — coming toward him like a spectre at whose ap- 
proach almost all men tremble ; and he looked him in the face with an eye 
undimmed by age and unblanched by fear, as he had often done when death 
hovered over him in the day of battle. A few hours before his departure, 
he said to his friend Denny McCobb, Esq., then collector of the port of 
"Waldoborough, who stood in tears at his bed-side : — " Well, general, I am 
about to pass away to that world, from which no traveller has returned. 
You are soon to follow me. I hope and trust, we shall meet there, where 
no pain nor sorrow will disturb us, and be happy in the smiles and favor of 
heaven. My trust is in Christ. Farewell." Gently and calmly he then 
breathed his last. 

The obsequies of this eminent naval officer were performed in a manner 
honorable to his character and evincing the love and respect of his neigh- 
bors. Though it was a bleak and stormy day, and the travelling exceedingly 
dreary and uncomfortable, hundreds came from a distance to attend his 
funeral and follow his remains to the grave in the Bremen cemetery, where 
they rest by the side of his wife. Only a simple slate-stone tells where he 
lies ; no marble nor monument honors the memory of this pioneer of the 
American navy. 


Continued from page 10. 


[Nov.] 27-77- Mess". Bliss Green, Taylor, Silsbee & Quincey spent the even- 
ing with me. good wine, l)read & cheese. They stayed till past twelve o'clock. 
29-77- At home till one, & then called on Mr. Silsbee. At 2 went to the 
Queen' Arms to dine. Agreed to go with Mr. Taylor to see Garrick in the 
character of Hamlet. At 4 we set out, tho' an hour before the play began. 
On our arrival at the theater we found full five hundred people waiting for 
the Doors to be opened. When they were, the crowd was so great that I 
was in great danger of being squeezed to death. Notwithstanding I was 
so early, when I got into the 2s gallery, it was full, all to four seats, and I 
suppose it will hold near five hundred people. I had here an opportunity 
of seeing the character of the P^nglish nation for justice. A man came 
in after the gallery was full & pushed a Frenchman out of his place. 
The Frenchman being unable to speak English was obliged to put up with 
it, but as soon as the people found the man to be a foreigner & unacquainted 
with the language, they began to resent the behaviour of the other, and 

116 Edward Oxnard's JoiimaL [^pi*il) 

ordered him to give way or take the consequences, wliicli would liave been 
tlirowing him over the galler}'-, a term often made use of wlien persons are 
unruly, but a threat seldom performed. I returned highly entertained. 
Garrick acted to admiration, considering his age, which is nearly G5. 

In his younger years, I think he must have been entitled to all the merit, 
which is ascribed to him in Tragedy. In respect to the other performers, 
I can say but little in their favor. It is said the reason that the players are 
so poor at this house is owing to the avarice of Garrick, who will not pay 
the price required for good performers. The Entertainment after the play 
was called " The Lottery," the sentiment of which was poor, highly reflect- 
ing on tlie nobility. Mr King shone in this, as he does in all comic parts. 
The house was so full, that it was impossible to obtain a place after the 
curtain was drawn up. Three thousand people were present. 
7-rr Dec. "Went to Lord George Germaine^ office with Mr. Berry. From 
thence to the Park, where we had the pleasure of seeing Lord North. He 
is of middle stature & round favored, & may be called handsome. 

Passing through the palace at S'. James, we saw the Queen" page of 
honor, Lord North^ son. He looks about twelve years of age & of an 
agreable countenance. 

8-rr This morning went with Mr Silsbee to Guildhall to see Judge Nares 
preside in one of the courts. He has greatly the look of Fitch, the lawyer. 
We dined in Ivy Lane. From thence went to Westminster Hall, where 
the Court of King'^ Bench was sitting, Lord Mansfield sole judge. I was 
not a little surprised to see with what decision the causes were determined. 

I was there not above thirty minutes and three causes were delivered to 
the Jury & determined, one to the amount of £240. Lord Mansfield 
appears very authoritative, & will not bear any contradiction. He does not 
suffer the Jury to leave their stands but stay & determine as he advises, the 
I must say the three verdicts I heard rendered, appeared to be very just. His 
Lordship is of middling stature, something stern in his countenance, that 
strikes one with awe : of about sixty five years of age. On his leaving the 
Bench, there is a person whose duty is to hold his train till he arrives at 
the place where he unrobes. 

Mem : see good sermons offered, four for a penny. 
11-rr- The weather still continues remarkably mild and pleasant, so much 
so that Mess" Berry, Silsbee & myself took a walk to Hyde Park, where 
we had an opportunity of seeing her Majesty. The Coach windows were 
down & I stood so near that I could touch the carriage with mv hand. She 
IS a small sized woman with very regular features, except her nose which 
has something of the turn up to it. Her whole countenance is engaging. 
She was in a coach drawn by six fine black horses, with two of the horse 
guards before & twelve behind. Dined at Queen" Arms, & after called on 
Mr Blowers. From thence went to Covent Garden theatre to see their 
majesties. The play was the Duenna. 

18-rr Mr Silsbee called on me & informed me of the disagreeable news of 
the burning of the town of Falmouth. Oh my poor heart, how can I sup- 
port the tidings ; my tenderest connections driven to the extremes of pov- 
erty & distress by the arts of designing villains. I spent a most melancholy 

19-rr Dined at " The three Tuns " in the Strand, took a stroll with ]\Ir 
Amory & took tea with him. 

22-r:- Went to the house of Lords, in hopes of getting in but was disap- 
poiuted. Admitted to the Prince' Chamber to see the king robed before 

1872.] Edward Oxnard's Journal. 117 

he goes into the house. A party of the yeomen lined the passage from the 
street door to the chamber where he robes. Present, four mace bearers, 
Sir P'rancis Molineaux, usher of the IMack rod, Herakls at arms &c. &c. 
The Lord Chamberhiin after the king enters puts on the robes, but the king 
himself puts on the crown, after which he goes into the house of Lords, sends 
the usher of the Black rod to accjuaint the House of Commons that he is 
ready to give his assent to such bills as are then to be approved, on which 
they deputize a committee to carry them up. His majesty then touches the 
several Bills with his sceptre, which are then immediately recorded & become 

21-rr Col. Pickman & Mr. Cabot called on me this morning. Dined at 
Mr Cu^ling^ Dinner leg of mutton & capers, roast turkey & mince pies, 
considered a grand dinner by persons of large estates. Mr Laurence gave 
me a cast in his coach to Cheapside. Spent the evening with Mr Watson ; 
there heard of the arrival of Gen. Burgoyne. 

29-rr Mess" Noble & Page called upon me & we dined together, after 
which I went to Mr Silsbee*, who gave me very disagreeable accounts from 
America, went to the play house in hopes of diverting my mind, but could 
not be admitted at half price ticket, & so went to Mr Watson^ & spent the 
remainder of the evening. Yesterday arrived Mess" Rodgers, Lee &; 
Roberts from Boston. 

3P*. Drank tea at Mr. Blowers in company with Mr & Mrs. Amory, Mr 
G. Harrison, & Mess'■^ Green & Quincey. 

3^ Jan 1776. rose at 10. Dressed & called upon Mr Bliss, dined at the 
Queen' Arms on fish. The length of time that fish is kept here renders it 
soft, & a disagreeable taste given it, which they try to conceal by rich sauces 
of catchup, oyster & anchovy. 

In the eveninfj went to hear a famous disenting minister whose name is 
Riley, the mast noisy, ranting blade I ever heard. 

6^7- went into the Park where I met Mr Flucker & Mr Bliss, with whom 
I took a turn, when we met Mess". Green & Quincey. After which I went 
to dine with Mr Blowers on salt fish. I stayed till 7 o'clk & then went to 
Drury Lane to see the performance of Shakespeare" Jubilee, as performed 
at Strafford, in which Mr Garrick has shown the greatest taste & fancy by. 
the happy disj>osition throughout all the characters. 

IG-rr It still continues to snow & the roads are impassable, so that no mails 
can arrive from any part of England. 

18-rr- This morning being pleasant waited on Mr Blowers who invited me 
to dine with him, after which went to S'. James Palace to see the nobility & 
gentry congratulate their majesties on the Queen" birthday, which is observed 
on this day, whereas in reality, it soon succeeds the King's. It is however 
kept on this day for the benefit of the manufacturers & others for the reason 
that were it kept on her real birthday, the nobility would make one suit 
answer the purpose of both, but being kept with so great an interval between, 
they are obliged to procure new dresses. The Lord Chaml)erlain will allow 
no one to be admitted, who is not in full dress with sword & bag. A scotch 
nobleman lost his star set in ])rill^ints, supposed to have been stolen. Taking 
into view the number who attend on these occasions, it may be called a gen- 
teel mob, for there is no opportunity of passing each other, the crowd is so 
great & the room so small. The dresses of the ladies were exceedingly rich, 
their heads being covered with diamonds of very great value, some, 1 have 
no doubt had at least £oOOO. 
10-rr ^Ir Laurence sent his servant to acquaint me of the death of his son, 

Vol. XXVI. U 

118 Eilicard OxnariTs Jcmrnal. [April, I 

•which required me to bespeak a suit of new clothes. It is customary to go \ 

into mourning for the most distant relation. Dined at the Queen" Arms & - 

s])ent the evening with Mr Watson. j 

27-77- Last evening was as cold as any I ever experienced in America. It j 

deprived me of sleep. Subscriptions have been opened to relieve the many ' 

miserable objects who are perishing from the inclemency of the weather, to ■ 
which the nobility have contributed large sums. The city of London has 

voted £1500. The Ice has clofi^^ed the river to that deoree, that colliers & •; 

other ships are prevented from coming up. -^ 

3P'. clear & cold, but not so violent as for ten days past. Before I wa8 ' 

well up, Gov. Hutchinson called to invite me to dinner, which invitation I j 

accepted. | 

He gave a good dinner & treated me in a friendly manner. I 

Feb 1*'. Weather moderate. Went to Westminster Abbey with Mess". ; 

Silsbee, Rogers & Berry. From thence to Westminster Hall to see the i 

eTudges presiding in their several courts, Chancery, King's Bench & Common \ 

Pleas. , 

In the Court of King* Bench, Lord Mansfield, Sir Richard Ashton, Sir \ 
W. H. Atherton, Edward AYillis. Common Pleas, Sir W'". De Grey, Sir 

G. Naines, Sir W"\ Blackstone, Sir Henry Gould. — Court of Chancery, I 

Lord Bathurst. Dined at the Queen* Arms, & spent the evening at home. , 

Yesterday many persons passed from Wapping to Ratcliffe on the Ice. ' 

4-r7- went this morning to hear the famous Dr Leuscy who gave up his i 

living because he could not in all respects subscribe to the Litany. He has \ 

abridged it of many of the prayers & thus reads it to his followers, — about ' 

150 persons. In the afternoon went to hear the famous Toplady, who has j 

written against Mr Wesley, concerning good works. He by no means came ■ 

Tip to my expectations. Is exceedingly fond of introducing allusions in his i 

sermons, which in general are in bad taste. Spent the evening at Mr Blowers, i 

1-r^ warm & pleasant, went to hear a cause tried before Justice De Grey j 

in Westminster Hall. The Serjeant's at law are, I think allowed too much . 

freedom in their interrogations to witnesses. Oftentimes they came to i 

contradict themselves throuo;h confusion. From thence went with Mess". ! 
Green, Smith & Quincey to dine at the Mitre Coffee house, found it poor 

enough. I drank tea at Mr Curlings, who gave me a kind reception. j 

8^T- rain & sunshine alternately, somewhat as in April at home. Dined ' 

with an American club, nineteen were present. Mr Flucker took tea with I 

me & we afterwards went to see the performance of the famous juggler, ] 

Breslau, a German. ^ 

His tricks are wonderful, and it would almost seem that he was aided by J 

the Devil. 3 
9-rr weather rainy, dined with Mr Small at Hampton Row, & was most 
sumptuously entertained 

15^T- clear & pleasant, went into the city as far as Aylitt Street & called 
on Gov. Hutchinson, who was not at home. Dined with the club at the 
Adelphi. Sir Francis Bernard & his son did us the honor of a visit, spent 
the evening at home. 

22**. went this morning to the Hustings at Guildhall to witness the polling 
for City Chamberlain. The mob in favor of Mr AV^ilkes were very noisy in 
shewing their approbation of any one who supported him, but when any one 
ap])eared who preferred Mr Hopkins, he was received with groans & liisses, 
^Q every mark of disrespect they could shew. At the close of tlie polls, it 
appeared that a majority of 150 was in favor of Mr Hopkins whereupon the 

1872.] Edward Oxnard's Joiinial 119 

mob were greatly enraged & were with difficulty prevented from insulting 
him. Two persons did so, for which they were apprehended, but released 
on promise of good behavior. Dined at the Crown & Anchor" in Arundell 
Street with the Club. 21 were present. Heard there of the news of the 
defeat at Quebec. Eighty were killed, among whom was Montgomery. 
Three hundred were tiiken prisoners, among whom was Col. Arnold. 
March 5-77- strolled into the Park & drank some fresh milk, many poor 
people keep cows there for the purpose of furnishing it to visitors. Saw the 
Guards perform a few evolutions before the Prince of Wirteniburgh, who is 
a man of middling stature & well featured, but has a remarkably red face. 
Went to Mess'". Langfords to witness a sale of pictures. The pleasure one 
receives from viewing the productions of the ancient masters is not easily to 
be expressed ; the mind is lost in admiration and for the moment, nature 
appears to be rivalled by art. I never spent three hours with more pleasure. 
Dined at the Three tuns, Strand. Spent the evening with Mr Bury. 
7-r7- continuation of rain, at home till 4 o'clk. dined with the Club at 
the Crown & Anchor, 2S present. Intended to go to the Opera, but could 
not get in, & so went to Drury Lane Theatre, Mr Garrick* last night. The 
loss to the stage is irreparable. The words he applied to Shakespeare in 
the Jubilee may aptly be said of him, " we ne'er shall look upon his like 

12-rr pleasant all day. "Went with Mr Blowers to see the scaffolding being 
erected at Westminster Hall for the trial of the Dutchess of Kingston for 
bigamy. Dined at Mr Blowers, & afterwards went to Drury Lane, it being 
Mr. King's benefit. The play was '^ woman a riddle." Mr King supported 
his character, as he always does, with great spirit. 

18-rr clear & pleasant. Went with Judge Sewall to the house of Lords, 
but were refused admittance by an old hag, who pretended that she paid the 
land tax. From thence we went to the house of Commons. It is a small 
& mean looking room, by no means as fitting, as the house of Commons of 
England, ought to have. The speaker'* seat is greatly inferior to that of the 
speaker in the house of representatives in Massachusetts, dined at the 
Queen^ Arms. In the evening to Covent Garden, Mrs Barry* benefit. 
She is a woman of about 40 years of age, common size, with an agreeable 
person. Her voice is rather weak of which she is sensible & speaks accord- 
ingly. There is no actress at either of the Theatres, who has so much 
control over the passions of the audience, as Mrs Barry. In comedy she 
plays equally as well as in Tragedy. It is impossible to form a correct 
judgement of what Barry was, from what he now appears. He is old & his 
constitution seems broken by debauchery. 

March 21-T;r Weather clear & pleasant. The Mess". Sewalls, Curwen, 
Wickham, Cabot, Smith & myself went to the Chapter House, Westminster, 
to see the Dooms Day Book, which is 790 years old. In this book, William, 
the Conqueror, ordered the names of all the proprietors of lands in England 
to be recorded and the value of them, by which they were to be taxed. At 
that time, it appears that there were but eight hundred })ro[)rietors in the 
whole county of Kent, which I suppose is one of the largest counties in 
England. It is written in Latin, but so greatly abreviated, as to render it 
difficult to be read, unless one is familiar with it. The leaves are of vellum 
and notwithstanding its great age, it is almost as entire, as if it had been 
written but a few days back. A person is now engaged in transcribing it 
for publication. 

120 Edward Oxnard's Journal. [April, 

22^. This day the Lord Mayor John Sawbridge, Esq., attended by a few 
of the nearest of the Common Council of London, went in procession to S*. 
James to present his majesty a petition praying that a specification of the 
terms, which liis majesty & both Houses of Parliament would grant the 
Colonies, should precede the dreadful operations of the armament. His 
majesty gave them for answer the reply, " that when tlie Americans laid 
down their arms, & peacefully retired to their respective homes, he would 
immediately withdraw both his own troops and the auxiliaries." 
21-rr strolled with Mr Flucker in S'. James Park until 2 o'clk. Took a 
dish of Chocolate at the Coffee house & read the papers until 3. Dined at 
the Crown & Anchor on Cronip Cod & oyster sauce & had to pay for it. 
In the evening went to Drury Lane to hear the Oratorio of the Messiah, 
composed by Handel. It is impossible for me to express the pleasure I 
received. My mind was elevated to that degree, that I could almost imagine 
that I was being wafted to the mansions of the blest. There were more 
than one hundred performers, the best in England. The chorus " Hallelujah ! 
for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth," is the most sublime piece of music 
in the whole world. 

May 2*^. This morning the 11-rr Peg. of Dragoons left London to take up 
their quarters at Blackheath. Breakfasted at 10. Mr Bliss received a line 
from Mr Coffin Jr. with the disagreeable intelligence that General Howe 
had been obliged to evacuate Boston. My feelings on this occasion are 
such that I lack words to express them. To divert our melancholy we 
strolled to Cashaltin, one of the pleasant villages in England. 
14-77- This morning Mr Curwen breakfasted with me. Dined & spent the 
afternoon at Mr Blowers. Brampton heard that nine Jamaica ships had 
been taken by the Provincials, and the defeat ©f the same by Gen. Burgoyne 
at Trois Reveres, where two hundred were taken prisoners. In the evening 
engaged in writing home letters to be taken by Mr Searl, a son in law of 
Mr Jonathan Gore. 

Ai-rr Aug. worshipped in the morning at the Temple : dined at the Queen' 
Arms. In the eveninoj drank tea with Mr Cox at Newinorton Green. 
Heard of the arrival of a vessel from Gen . Howe, and from the great 
secresy, I fear that it has brought some bad news. A report prevails that 
he has been defeated near New York, and that the Hessians were all killed. 
18-rr In the morning went with Dr. Oliver to hear the Rev. Dr. Fordyce. 
His text was Act 10-rr- verse 42. Dined at the Crown with Mess". B. & 
P. Watson, after which we set out for Turnham Green, but at Kensington 
it began to rain, & we sought shelter in the Church. On examining the 
tomb stones in the Church yard, I found the following erected to my worthy 
friend Mrs. Eustis. 

" Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Jane Eustis, late of 

Boston, New England, who departed this life 21 Jan 

1771, aged 48 years. She was Good." 

The rain continuing, after waiting three hours for a coach, we were under 
the necessity of walking home in the rain. 

22^ This day the news came of Gen. Clinton' ill success in south Carolina, 
the loss of two hundred killed & wounded & the burning of the ship Acta^on 
& another vessel, at 12 with Mess". Taylor & Silsbey set out to walk to 
Highgate to call on Mr Paddock. He & JNIr Gore seem to be much dejected 
at the appearance of things in America. I wisli my own spirits were good, 
but they have been much depressed for ten da^'s past. 

1872.] Edward OxnarcTs JouniaL 121 

26— at 11 went with Mr Silsby to Mr Taylor', & stayed there till 1 o'clk 
& then set out to see Bliss, & with him visited S'. James Park, where we 
met many of our couutrj^men, who seem to have taken possession of it. 
Judge Sewall invited me to dine with him & I did myself the pleasure of 
accepting the same. Good haddock & roast beef for dinner, after which Mr 
Blowers was sent for, & we had a fine bottle of Florence together. Mr Bliss 
& Treasurer Gray dropt in, & from Mr Gray we learnt that he was likely to 
suffer as Provincial Treasurer, having been tlireatened with a prosecution for 
a provincial note of £1400, if he should refuse to pay it himself, stayed till 8 
o'clk & then Mr Blowers & Chipman accompanied us home through the Park. 
23^. at home till 12. then to Mr Sewall* & there heard that Gen. Howe 
had landed at York on the 15-rr- Sep*. & the provincials endeavoring to 
retreat, meet with great slaughter. It is further stated, that he had taken 
post half a mile from their strong works. This news came by a ship which 
had spoken the Galatea frigate, which had left New York on the 19-rr Sep^ 
The frigate had retaken two Jamaica ships which had been previously cap- 
tured, returned home & acquainted JMess""*. Murray, Leonard, Danforth, & 
Chandler with the news, and there was great joy thereat, spent the afternoon 
at Mr SewalP, & the evening at the Treasurer* with the Club, in addition 
to which were Mr & Mrs. Robinson, & Mrs. Oliver. 

25^7- went with Mess". Willard & Danforth to see the Park Guns fired, 
it being the seventeenth anniversary of the king* accession to the throne : 
from thence to the Guard room of S*. James Palace to see the Company go 
to the Levee, where were the handsomest women I have seen in England, 
remained about an hour, & then sat out for home. 

Just as we had entered the Park from the Palace, observed a boat in 
which was the Prince of Wales & the Bishop of Osnaburgh : we went back 
& got- so near as to have an exceedingly f^ne view of them. The Prince of 
Wales has a full countenance like his father, & in heighth of medium size. 
The Bishop is rather thin faced & of a sprightly exj^ression, his features 
resembling those of the king. 

29-Tr Mr Sewall* child being suddenly taken ill, the club spent the evening 
with us. Yesteiday evening a very hot press: 1500 men were taken & 
nearly a dozen persons were killed or drowned. The rumors of a war with 
France gain ground. The citizens are much alarmed & stocks are falling 
fast from the great fears of a French War. 

Nov. 3'K Col. Murray called on me at 10. & informed me that he had been 
to see Lord Amherst, & that he had told him that war with France was 
doubtful & yet it was prudent to prepare for the worst. Went with INIr 
Blowers into the city, received advices from Boston that the inhabitants 
were in a very melancholy condition, and that paper money was refused to 
be taken, returned home to dine, spent the evening at the club. 
7-T7 Went witli Mr Blowers as far as Mr 8tore}'\ From thence went to 
the New England Coffee house to read the })apers. Am much sur{)rised to 
see how the NE papers misrepresent matters of fact, as for instance the 
battle of Long Island. Th(; Club at Col. ]\Iurrays. Won Is. 
10-rr- started with Mess". AV'illard & Gray for Westminster llall, on our 
way saw the Kmg & Queen coming from Kew. In the Park, met Cap*. 
Roi^^ers, who informed me that my friends in general were all well in America. 
Leaving him went to the Court of Chancery the other courts being shut, & 
saw the Lord Chancellor Bathurst. spent the evening at home until 6 
Then to Col. Murray'. Lost G*^. 

[To be continued.] 

Vol. XXVI. U* 

122 Atkinson Acadcmij, [Api'i^ 

Communicated by William C. Todd, Esq. B 

The first four academies incorporated in New-Hampshire were Phillips, i 

at Exeter, incorporated in 1781 ; New-Ipswich, incorporated in 1789 ; Ches- | 
terfield, incorporated in 1790 ; and Atkinson, incorporated Feb. 17, 1791. As 

the one at Atkinson, however, was instituted, and went into operation, some ' 

time before it was incorporated, it is in point of age the second in the state. \ 

The people of the little town of Atkinson, originally a part of Haverhill, j 

Mass., now a border town of New-Hampshire, seem early to have directed ; 

their attention to education. Special efforts had long been made to render their j 

grammar schools of a high order, and in 1788 a suitable building was prepared | 

and an academy was organized. Three individuals were especially prominent : 

in its establishment, Hon. and Dr. Nathaniel Peabody, Rev. Stephen Pea- \ 

body, and Dr. William Cogswell, all of whom deserve more than a passing ! 

mention. \ 

Nathaniel Peabody, the first physician of the town, was born in Topsfield, \ 

that cradle of the Peabodys, March 1, 1741. He was son of Dr. Jacob I 

Peabody, and by his mother, Susannah Rogers, daughter of Rev. John ' 

Rogers, of Boxford, was a descendant from Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, of j 

Ipswich, Massachusetts. As a physician he was very successful, and .; 

was prominent in the organization of the New-Hampshire Medical Society. ! 

He was active in the cause of his country at the outbreak of the revola- ^ 

tionary war, and was appointed, Oct. 27, 1774, Lieut. Colonel of the 7th ' 

New-Hampshire regiment. March 25, 1779, he was elected a delegate to j 

the continental congress. Subsequently he was speaker of the New- ] 

Hampshire house of representatives, state senator and councillor, and ma- | 

jor-general of the militia. Towards the close of his life he became involved i 

in debt, and was confined in the jail in Exeter, having what was called " the \ 

limits of the jail yard," — that is, allowed to walk and reside within a certain j 
distance from the jail, embracing quite a portion of the town. There he died 

June 27, 1823. He was a man of much energy and ability, and prominent j 

in the early history of New-Hampshire. He was much interested in educa- 1 

tion, and in 1791 received the degree of master of arts from the trustees of \ 

Dartmouth College. | 

The Rev. Stephen Peabody, the first settled clergyman in Atkinson, was ' 
born in Andover, Mass., Nov. 11, 1741 ; was graduated at Harvard College 

1769, a classmate of Theophilus Parsons ; and ordained at Atkinson, Nov. ^ 

25, 1772. He was to receive £160 as settlement money, and £(jQ> 13s. Ad. ; 
the first year, increasing 405. annually till it amounted to £80, and ten cords 

of wood a year. He remained pastor of the church till his decease, ''\ 

May 23, 1819. He was chaplain in the army during the revolutionary j 

war. His second wife was the widow of Rev. John Shaw, of Haver- \ 

hill, Mass., daughter of Rev. John Smith, of Weymouth, and sister of \ 

Mrs. John Adams, a lady of great accomplishments, and whose influence \ 

in refining the people of her husband's parish is felt to this day. By '] 

her first husband she was the mother of William Smith Shaw, long ; 

connected with the Boston Athenaeum, and of Mrs. Abigail Adams Felt, \ 

wife of the late Joseph B. Felt (see Register, xxiv., 1-5), so well known \ 

by his historical and antiquarian investigations. I 

1872.] Atkinson Academy, 123 

To Mr. Peabody was mainly due the establishment of the academy. 
He became personally liable for its debts, and to secure funds obtained an 
act of the legislature of New-Hampshire authorizing a lottery, no unusual 
method in those days to procure aid for charitable purposes. Application 
was made to tlie legislature of Massachusetts for permission to sell tickets 
in the limits of that state, as by an act in Feb., 1801, the sale of lottery 
tickets from other states was forbidden except by legislative consent. Per- 
mission was not granted, not from any moral scruples, but from a desire to 
protect home industry, a trait the people of that day handed down to their 

" Parson Peabody," or " Sir Peabody," as he was usually termed, was a 
pastor of the old school, kind and affable, yet always in dress and manner 
preserving the dignity of his profession. Every Sunday he announced 
what families he would visit during the week and " catechize the children," 
and at the appointed time with much trembling the little ones were gather- 
ed by their parents, in their Sunday clothes, into the best room, to pass the 
trying ordeal of an examination in their Westminster Catechism ; happy if 
successful, covered with shame unutterable if they failed. At church the whole 
congregation rose when the good pastor entered, and at the close of the 
services all stood reverently while he with his wife passed bowing down 
the aisle and out of the sanctuary. He kept open house, and was known to 
all the countrymen who passed through his village once a year to exchange 
their produce for groceries. A large fire burned at night in his sitting 
room, and often, it is said, the stranger would enter and warm himself at the 
grateful fire, talk with his entertainer in the adjoining bed room, and depart, 
the face of the guest unseen, and, with the courtesy of the days of chivalry, 
his name not asked. The memory of this good minister is still green in 
the town of his long labors. — Requiescat in pace. 

Dr. William Cogswell was born in Haverhill, Mass., July 11, 1760. He 
was a descendant of John Cogswell, who came from London and settled in 
Ipswich in 1635. He was appointed surgeon's mate at West Point in 
1781, and continued in the service till the close of the revolutionary war. 
In 1784 he was promoted to the charge of the hospital at West Point, 
where he remained till Sept. 1, 1785, when he commenced practice in At- 
kinson. He was active in his profession, in the cause of education and in 
public affairs. An excellent citizen, he was decided in his opinions, and 
energetic in every good work. He tolerated no wrong in the community 
around him, and trained up a large family of children by obedience at home 
to be good men and women. Among his children still living, are Francis 
Cogswell, late president of the Boston and Maine Railroad ; Dr. George Cogs- 
well, of Bradford, and Eev. Nathaniel Cogswell, of Yarmouth ; and of the 
deceased were the wife of Gov. William Badger, of New-Hampshire, and 
Rev. Dr. William Cogswell, the first editor of the Register, distinguished 
for his labors in the cause of education, and for his antiquarian and genea- 
logical researches. There are many grandchildren, among whom are William 
C. Clarke, attorney-general of New-Hampshire, Gen. William Cogswell, of 
Salem, and J. B. D. Cogswell, of Yarmouth. 

But to return to Atkinson academy from this notice of its founders. 

The original building was burned in 1802, and in 1803 the present much 
larger structuie was erected on the model of PhilHps Academy, in Exeter, 
60 recently burned. 

In the scarcity of such institutions the Academy soon gained a high repu- 
tation, and was largely patronized even from a distance. It early became a 

124 Aildnson Academy. [April, 

mixed school, at a time when but little attention had been paid to female 
education, and has so continued to tlie present time, being the first Academy 
in the country where, according to Rev. Dr. Felt, himself one of its pupils, 
the sexes were educated together in the higher branches. 

It is interesting to note, in comparison with present educational expenses, 
how low were all the charges at this school in its early history. The tuition 
for the first two years was only Gs. a quarter of three months ; then 95. ; 
in 1797, it was i'2 ; 1805, $3 ; 1839, $4.00 ; 1848, $4.80. Board at first, 
including lodging and washing, was 4s. Gdf. a week ; then, for many years, Gs. ; 
in 1830, 7s. Gc?. for the whole week, &s. for those who spent the Sabbath at 
home ; in 1850, from $1.50 to $2 per week, including lodging and washing. 

The academy has until recently had no funds, and the only salary of 
the teachers has been the tuition of the students. In 1855 Mr. James At- 
wood, of Westchester, Pa., a native of the town, gave to it $1000, and his 
son-in-law. Dr. Almon Z. Barden, $500 ; and in 1868, Rev. Joseph B. Felt 
left it a legacy of $2000 ; which constitute its only funds. There is an op- 
portunity for some w^ealthy and benevolent individual to do good, and build 
for himself an enduring monument, by endowing this ancient institution, and 
giving it his name. It is not a little remarkable that a self-supporting insti- 
tution should have so long maintained itself, which is due to its healthy loca- 
tion, the wants of a large rural surrounding population, and its convenience 
of access. 

Among the many pupils of this old academy can be named not a few of 
eminence. There occur to the writer the names of Levi Woodbury, noted 
in boyhood as in manhood, for his untiring industry. Gov. Kent of Maine, 
Jonathan and Joseph Cilley, President Brown of Dartmouth, Gen. James 
Wilson, Judge White of Salem, Rev. Dr. Benjamin Hale, president of 
Hobart College. Grace P'letcher, the first wife of Daniel Webster, was 
here educated, and has been described to the writer by her schoolmates as 
a pale, modest, retiring girl. 

The following is a list of the different principals of the Academy : — 

Moses Leavitt Neal, of Londonderry ; H. C. 1785 ; attorney ; clerk 
of house of representatives of New-Hampshire legislature ; register of deeds 
of Strafford county; lived at Dover, and elsewhere ; died 1829, aged G2. 

Daniel Hardy, of Bradford, Mass. ; D. C. 1789 ; studied divinity ; 
tutor at Dartmouth ; taught at Chesterfield, N. H., and Bradford, Mass. ; 
a distinguished linguist; died at Dracut, Mass., Nov. 25, 1833, aged GO. 

Samuel Moody, of Byfield, Mass. ; D. C 1790 ; teacher at Hallowell, 
Me., where he died April G, 1832, aged G7. 

Silas DinSxMORE, of Windham ; D. C. 1791; purser of U. S. navy, 
Indian agent, with the rank of colonel, to the Choctaw and Cherokee In- 
dians, and collector at the port of Mobile ; a man of much energy and integ- 
rity. It was to him that a cabinet secretary wrote to ask, " How far does 
the Tombigbee run up into the country?" His reply was, "It runs down, 
not up at all." The correspondence resulted in his dismissal. Ho died at 
Bellevue, Ky., June 17, 1847, aged 80. 

Stephen Peabody Webster, of Haverhill, Mass. ; II. C. 1792; was 
the first person that entered College from the Academy ; clerk of the., ^urts 
of Grafton county ; representative, senator, and councillor, of the state of 
New-Hampshire ; taught at Haverhill, N. II., where he died, 1841. 

John Vose, of Bedford; D. C. 1795; preceptor of Pembroke Acade- 
my; representative and senator of the general court; author of several 

1872.] Atkinson Academy. 125 

addresses and of two valuable and original works on astronomy ; died at At- 
kinson, May 3, 1840, aged 73. He taught at Atkinson twenty-three years, 
and at Pembroke eleven years. He was a worthy man, a devout Christian, 
a superior teacher, with more than ordinary ability and scholarship. He 
was offered the position of judge, but declined it. 

Moses Dow, of Atkinson; D. C. 1796; settled as a clergyman in 
Beverly, Mass., and York, Me. ; died in Plaistow, May 9, 1837, aged Q6. 

William Cogswell, of Atkinson; D. C. 1811 ; preceptor of Hampton 
Academy ; clergyman ; settled in Dedham, Mass. ; secretary of the Ameri- 
can Education Society ; professor in Dartmouth College ; president of Gil- 
manton Theological Seminary ; editor of the American Quarterly Register, 
and author of many religious publications ; died in Gilmanton, April 18, 
1850, aged 62. 

Francis Vose, of Francestown; D. C. 1817; preceptor in Colchester, 
Ct., Hampton, N. H., Newburyport, Topsfield, and Haverhill, Mass., and 
Bloomfield Academy, Me.; died in Pembroke, Aug. 8, 1851, aged 62. 

Jacob Cummings, of Warren, Mass. ; D. C. 1819 ; preceptor in Hamp- 
ton ; clergyman ; settled in Stratham, N. H., Sharon and Southborough, 
Mass., and Hillsborough and Exeter, N. H. ; died in Exeter, June 20, 1866, 
aged 73. 

Stephen Farley, of Hollis, N. H. ; D. C. 1804 ; clergyman ; settled 
in Claremont and Atkinson, N. H. ; wrote several theological volumes; died 
in Amesbury, Mass., Sept. 20, 1851, aged 71. 

Enoch Hale, of Alstead, N. H. ; was not a college graduate ; died in 

John Kellet, of Plaistow, N. H. ; A. C. 1825 ; preceptor in Derry, N. 
H., Female Academy ; attorney at law in Plaistow, Chester and Atkinson, 
N. H. ; resides in Atkinson. 

Joseph Peckham, of Westminster, Mass.; A. C. 1837; clergyman; 
settled in Kingston, Mass. 

Joseph Allen Taylor, of Granby, Mass.; H. C. 1839; died in At- 
kinson, 1842, aged 28. 

Benjamin A. Spaulding, of Billerica, Mass. ; H. C. 1840 ; a missiona- 
ry in Iowa. 

Malachi Bullard, of West Medway, Mass. ; D. C. 1841 ; clergyman; 
settled in Winchendon, Mass.; died May 10, 1849, aged 31. 

John Wason Ray, of Auburn, N. H. ; D. C. 1843 ; teacher in Man- 
chester, N. H., Eastport, Me., and Derry, N. H. ; clergyman ; settled in 
Vernon, Ct., and Goffstown, N. H. 

Edward Hanford Greeley, of Hopkinton, N. H. ; D. C. 1845; 
clergyman ; settled in Haverhill and Nashua, N. II., and Methuen, Mass. 

Joseph Garland, of Hampton, N. H. ; B. C. 1844; physician in 
Gloucester, Mass. 

Charles Darwin Fitch, of Greenfield, Mass. ; D. C. 1837 ; teacher 
in Phillips Academy, Andover, and elsewhere. 

William Cleves Todd, of Atkinson, N. XL; D. C. 1844; principal of 
Newburyport Female High School ; visited Euroj)e in 1848, and again in 
1867. "-^jmaining nearly three years ; resides in Boston. 

Cii^"xiLES Prescott Parsons, of Gilmanton, N. II.; D. C. 1853; 
teacher in Gilmanton, N. II., and elsewhere. 

John Weijster Dodge, of Newburyport, Mass. ; A. C. 1857; clergy- 

Justin White Spaulding, of Plainfield, N. H. ; D. C. 1847 ; teacher 

126 Rutland Coimt}j Insurrection — 1786. [^rji^il; 

in West Boscawen and Meriden, N. IT., Bradford, Vt, and Taunton, Mass. ; 
died in Atkinson, Sept. 28, 1865, aged 42. 

Nathan Barrows, a gr-aduate of Western Reserve College, 1850; 
studied medicine in Cleveland, Ohio, and the city of New- York, and prac- 
tised in various places ; teacher in South Berwick, Me., Claremont, N. H., 
and in Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, N. H. 

William Ellingwood Bunten, of Dunbarton, N. II.; D. C. I860; 
teacher in Dunbarton, N. II. and Gloucester, Mass. ; lawyer; captain in 
the war of the rebellion. 

For most of the facts stated in this article, the writer is indebted to a 
sketch of Atkinson by the Rev. William Cogswell, D.D., in the New-Hamp- 
shire Historical Collections, and to that most valuable work, Alumni of 
Dartmouth College, by Rev. George T. Chapman, D.D., of Newburyport. 

By Rev. Frederic W. Holland, A.M., of Cambridge. 

Human nature is ever the same. Heavy burdens produce bitter groans. 
The absence of any means of relief tempts suffering men to despair. Despe- 
ration does not stop to reason whether the chosen means of extrication are 
the best. Immediate, temporary escape is enough. At such emergencies a 
few reckless men, ordinarily of no account, rise into notice. A recent war 
leaves military weapons in possession of those who are directed by no princi- 
ple in their use, and reverent of no law. At the close of our revolutionary 
struggle the causes of discontent were greater than they can ever be again ; 
were sufficient to have utterly overthrown government among a people less 
conscientious, intelligent, revering than ours. Besides the usual offence of 
people who had become ostentatiously rich by preying upon the public ; 
by flood after flood of irredeemable paper currency, the expenses of 
government had been needlessly multiplied, as if by some spendthrift heir 
anxious to be rid as soon as possible of the accumulations of patient labor. 
Before 1 780, congress had issued two hundred millions of dollars of conti- 
nental money, which was received in Vermont at par, until Sept. 1777, 
when it sunk rapidly ; and kept on sinking, until paper dollars were of little 
more value than- copper cents, at which rate congress actually funded the 
remaining two millions. 

In 1781 the first bank was established in Philadelphia; and four years 
after, close upon the time of which we are to speak, the first bank appeared 
in New York, and also in Boston, but with a circulation confined to those 
towns. A year after, i. e. in 1786, a national mint was established, whose 
business was only the coinage of copper ; gold and silver coins being an im- 
portation from Europe. The present generation will not believe how re- 
cently the currency of the United States was chiefly in English and Spanish 
pieces, — those which were most circulated being the smallest silver coins 
from the peninsula, fourpences and ninepences. -^ 

In the derangement of currency through the depreciation of what the 
people would not receive as a legal tender, congress did as nearly as possible 
nothing from fear of giving offence by doing too much. Such pitiable weak- 
ness, as was never before seen in a government which survived u crisis, was 

1872.] . Rutland County Insurrection — 1786. 127 

mingled with bitter divisions and sectional animosities. Without an army, 
without a navy, without funds or means of creating revenue, living from day 
to day by borrowing (the most expensive way of living), having no friends 
on earth but Holland and France, one of them not willing, the other not 
able to help so far away from home, state-rights were generally recognized 
as supreme ; state-jurisdiction was in fierce controversy ; state-interests were 
infinitely more engrossing than abstract idolatry to the general good. Pro- 
phetic souls have always been few, and seldom heeded till the slow arm of 
Providence has realized their prognostics. One might as well try to get 
listeners to a discussion of the best principle of ballooning to-day, as have 
expected thus to enlighten the American people upon the superb destiny 
opening before them, and thus have inspired patience under their temporary 
calamities. Besides this general derangement and destitution of a circu- 
lating medium, some states were suffering from local causes, — suffering as 
they thought without sympathy and beyond necessity. 

It would need a Shakspearian inspiration to cast oneself back into those 
scenes, and bring up before the mind's eye the lowering skies which over- 
hung our fathers wherever they looked. 

Vermont, not responsible for any portion of the national debt, because not 
admitted into the confederation, had managed its own debts quite tolerably 
by the sale of state-lands and by confiscation of tory property ; but, with 
peace, came in upon her a whole sea of troubles. Every kind of property 
depreciated ; foreign goods flowed in and foreign specie flowed out ; the 
fisheries were not born ; the manufactories were still-born, and abandoned 
by the nurse; large landed estates were unable to pay a small debt in specie 
(that debt being at least double what it was when contracted) ; habits of 
dissipation were never so prevalent, some of our fathers counting it a dis- 
grace not to have their guests carried drunken to bed ; the freshly-resumed 
courts threatened to exact the uttermost farthing of principal and interest, 
the mere costs of a suit at law being more than some industrious farmers 
could pay ; the listlessness of despair presaged ruin to thousands. 

Shays's rebellion is popularly regarded as the only open attempt at 
insurrection. Its purpose was to prevent the holding of courts in Worcester 
county, at which actions were pending that threatened ruin to men who would 
in ordinary times have been prosperous. Its interest centres at the heart of 
Massachusetts. Its history has been minutely written, nothing having been 
extenuated nor aught set down in malice. It was really terminated by a some- 
what heroic march of thirty miles to Petersham by Gen. Lincoln, during a night 
of awful cold ; when the insurrectionists were surprised, their organization 
dispersed, and their leaders captured. This was in the fall and winter of 
178G. These rebels were as much to be pitied as condemned. When they 
held Worcester they had no money to buy food, they had nothing to eat for 
twenty-four hours ; shelter even was grudgingly given. Old Dr. Bancroft, 
I remember, sat on his door-step with his key in his pocket, and when 
Shays commanded him to open his house to the regulators, as they were 
called, the minister replied that if they entered his house they must do it 
over his prostrate body. Shays bade the regiment march on. So they 
were nothing less than beggars with arms in tlicir hands ; they were objec 
of compassion rather than of malignant hate. When they retreated, havi) 
accomplished nothing, 'twas through storm and snow ; some badly froz( 
and some stricken with death : their own sufferings so uncomplainingly bore 
their sacrifices so freely made, being greater than the miseries visite('it- 
many revolutionists upon conquered communities. As the grievances u 

128 Rutland CounUj Insurrection — 178'6. [^pril, ] 


which they groaned were perfectly real, as no other means of relief but ; 

stopping the courts seemed within reach, as they carefully forebore commit- ! 

ting any injuries upon property or persons, I think we shall sooner lament i 
their blindness than censure the malice of this last attempt at rebellion in 

old Massachusetts. i 

More than any other New-England State, Massachusetts has enjoyed i 
the advantage of having its history amply written. Events of like moment 
in other quarters have passed into oblivion. The men have not been found 

to record what was worth preserving as a picture of the times until the \ 

period had nearly passed for recovering the most indispensable facts. | 

Vermont has very much the same spot on her escutcheon with Massachu- ! 

setts. The same debts were pressed by the same legal processes to the : 

same cruel, unjust, ruinous results. Courts, judges, sheriffs, attorneys, were , 
no less dreaded and detested in the Green Mountain than the Bay State. 

Nor do I think the affair so infamous in purpose or savage in method or j 
pernicious in effect, that a true New-Englander should desire every vestige of 

the movement to be blotted out. i 

The first outbreak of angry feeling has already passed into oblivion. In 
1784, a convention was held at the " Edge of Wells," where discontent mut- 
tered itself aloud ; and judges, lawyers and sheriffs received hearty exe- i 
orations from some who were suffering unjustly, as from many suffering I 
justly at their hands. \ 
The next summer but one, the distress increasing, and general bankrupt- i 
cy impending, Gov. Chittenden published an address to the citizens, coun- j 
selling the cultivation of the necessaries of life, particularly wool and flax, 
urging industry, economy and non-importation, praying for mutual forbear- i 
ance and good will between creditor and debtor. When in Oct., 1786, the ; 
legislature met at the little court house in Rutland, now a very humble pri- 
vate dwelling, it was found that the popular feeling so pervaded their body \ 
they were ready to jump to the most radical measures of relief. A law was 
passed authorizing the defaulting debtor to pay the same articles which 
would have been good in the life of the contract ; and another that debtors ! 
should pay creditors in other states on specific articles according to the laws ] 
of those states. Other and more ultra legislation was in prospect, when ' 
Nathaniel Chipman persuaded four other members of the house to unite i 
with him in staving off all action, by referring the settlement of debts to the i 
January meeting of the respective towns. This was done ; and the same 
day, October 31, 1786, a mob attempted to break up the court in Windsor. : 
After the legislature arose, some evil spirits were busy as the very father ] 
of mischief, misrepresenting the legislative action, and summoning the peo- ' 
pie to armed resistance of the plots of lawyers and the cruelty of judges, j 
Col. Thomas Lee, a resident upon Otter Creek, three miles from Rutland, ! 
somewhat distinguished in the war, where he had served as captain in War- ; 
ner's regiment, but a bankrupt, dissipated, anxious to escape withal from j 
pecuniary liabilities, was the head and front of this offending. i 
On the third Tuesday, November, 1786, the county court was about to i 
^ open its usual session under Chief Justice Increase Moseley. Rutland was j 
piuot at all what it is to-day. Having now ten thousand inhabitants, it had j 
frfiot then two thousand. Having at this hour over two score of inhabited \ 
streets, it had not then more than two score buildings, half of which were ' 
pejuilt of U)gs. The principal street called Main, was north and south as to- 
notjy- The relics of a picket fort were still visible, — visible now no more, j 
ness rt Ranger, a little west, had been mostly removed to repair mills and \ 

1872.] Rutland Coimtij Ihsiirrection — 1786. 129 

feed the winter fires. The cardinals did so to the Coliseum, and the Pashas to 
the pyramids. The court house or state house, now occupied not very com- 
fortably as a dwelling, by Goodnow, was divided into two rooms, the east with- 
out a floor for the jury, the west for the court, with an elevated platform to the 
north-west for the judge. The log-jail, with two rooms, stood handy to the 
north. During the session of court, the chief-justice was wont to wear a three- 
cornered hat, and the sheriff a sword. There seemed to have been at this time 
two churches, two school-houses, and certainly three taverns ; a large propor- 
tion for the schools, and some explanation of the restlessness, poverty and 
recklessness of part of the inhabitants. No doubt these inns were very smal]^ 
story and a half log-huts, I imagine ; no doubt, in the poor means of loco- 
motion then enjoyed, people had to rest longer on their way, a day's journey 
being less than thirty miles from inn to inn. Still, the fact is striking- 
that "old Jamaiky" was freely dispensed at either place, and during winter 
evenings liberally imbibed, — a red-hot iron like the modern poker being the 
acknowledged sceptre of the little kingdom, and a punch-bowl the emblem, 
of the accepted libation to the deity of the scene. 

As the judges entered the village Nov. 21, on their way to the court 
house, a mob of men and boys waylaid them, demanding that they should 
adjourn. At eleven, however, the court was opened and adjourned till two. 
In the interim, certain persons representing themselves as a committee of the 
people waited upon the judge with a petition that the session be postponed. 
The answer was that in the afternoon, when the docket had been called, 
and the business of the day attended to, their petition wotild be considered. 

In the afternoon, as this programme was about to be observed, Col. Lee 
rushed in at the head of a hundred men, in a tumultuous manner, and be- 
gan to harangue the court for not granting the people's request. So few 
friends of the court were present the sheriff could not be sustained in en- 
forcing order ; and the judges (unable to proceed) satisfied themselves by 
appointing a reopening the next morning at nine o'clock. This was in fact 
a defiance of the mob. The crisis came. Arms were instantly procured 
at a neighboring house, distributed among the people, and the court house 
so effectually guarded that the law and order party were actually imprison- 
ed. The mob, styling themselves " regulators," then resorted to intimida- 
tion, without effect ; but, after two hours' menac'e, they released judge, jury, 
sheriff and attorney without injury. At the judge's lodgings a written peti- 
tion for redress of grievances was presented, which was met with this reply : 
" The judges of the C. C. in and for the C. of Rutland, having taken into 
consideration the petition of a number of the inhabitants in which it is 
requested that this Court adjourn without doing any business, find on exa- 
mination of the docket, that a large number of cases are in suit in which 
plaintiffs and defendants are mutually agreed to come to a decisive trial this 
session ; and some other matters of such importance to the peace, dignity 
and interest of the good people of this County, that the Court cannot 
(agreeable to the tenor of their oaths and the general good) comply with 
the aforesaid requisition. Notwithstanding the Court would not wish to try 
any causes at this time but such as in its opinion are necessary to preserve 
the peace, interest and dignity of this County and the State." 

This of course accepted the challenge of battle. The Lee party were 
now to show what stuff they were made of They announced their determi- 
nation to break up the court by violent measures ; stationed guards within the 
court house ; misrepresented the judges' reply ; accused them of acting deceit- 

VoL. XXVL 12 

130 Rutland County insurrection — 1786. [^pril; 

fully, and did (what ought to have boen their beginning, middle and end) 
Bond for reinforcement to' the neighboring towns. | 

The government party did not of course fold their hands. Jonathan Bill ! 
of Rutland, sheriff, se/nt orders to Col. Isaac Clark of Castleton, Col. ' 
Pearl of Pawlet, and Lt.-Col. Spofford of Tinmouth, to raise the county i 
militia without delay, and march with firearms and three days' provisions to 
assist him in sustaining the court. This order was promptly obeyed. Before 
any assistance came to the rebels they were in fact overpowered. By nine j 
o'clock of Wednesday morning Cols. Clark and Pearl arrived with such force i 
that the cour'o house was evacuated and no farther insult was offered to the 
majesty of the law. A Tinmouth company came under Captain Orange ; 
Ti'ain. At noon western men began to pour in : Capt. Gregory's command 
from Hubbardston, Capt. Israel Hurlbut and others from Castleton, Capt. 
Titu^ Walton and others from Poultney : proving that the rebels had reck- 
op/ed without a host: illustrating Burke's figure that a few insects (buzzing i 
-dbout) can make more sensation than a whole herd of oxen feeding. Ap- i 
proacliing the field of action the militia halted, were addressed by Capt. ' 
Watson, ordered to load their guns and be ready. ' 

Meanwhile the judges had been escorted by the sheriff from their houses i 
to the tribunal of justice, and proceedings duly opened ; but adjourned on 
account of the excitement to the next morning. The regulators, on the | 
other hand, trusted their cause to words : they marched about the streets ! 
discussing their grievances, insisting that the lawyers were bent on ruining ' 
the country, that tfte Irishman, Matthew Lyon, had been electeu a judge, ; 
that one lawyer was strutting about in kid gloves, rufHed shirt and gold [ 
bracelets ; and that there ought to be a general amnesty act. Evidently ! 
they were not up to the occasion. At dusk Col. Cooley with fifty others ] 
from the north retired to the house of Lieut. Post. In the evening seven | 
or eight of the ringleaders were arrested, but Col. Lee had fled. At mid- J 
night orders were issued to seize the Cooley party. Capt. Lee and Li^ut. I 
Sawyer, both of Clarendon, with sixteen horsemen and a small body of in- ; 
fantry, approached Post's house cautiously — surrounded it — and captured its 
sleeping inmates. Some pistols and muskets were discharged — no one J 
knowing who fired first. The only man really shot, Nicholas Hopkins, a I 
mobite, lost his arm by amputation ; the rest of the captives, with but three \ 
escapes, being conducted to the jail, where very soon there was not room to i 
sit up. Thursday morning commenced the trial of the conspirators : live of • 
whom were acquitted ; twenty-one pleaded guilty, and were fined from nine j 
shillings upwards with costs ; fourteen were fined from £3 to 25, and j 
required to recognize for good behavior through one year. \ 

Some of them were exceedingly worthy persons. Benjamin Whipple | 
(fined £10) had the June before sat on the bench as assistant judge ; young 1 
Hopkins was swept along with the mob merely by a boy's love of adventure. \ 
As usual, the chiefly guilty person, the originator of the hopeless scheme, 
the Lee first mentioned, escaped. 

On Saturday afternoon, the troops were assembled, addressed by Col. ! 
Clark and dismissed, — starting for home the next morning. But, the west- ; 
ern militia arriving at Pine Hill (which borders the vill \ge of Rutland), * 
found that two hundred men, who liad not been enjxaired in the i)recedincj 1 
riot, stuffed with the double falsehood that those who were cai)tured suffer- i 
ed cruelly, and that success was still possible where it had never been, lay i 
in their homeward path. The court directed the raising of the county for ; 
their relief. This was so effectually done (notwithstanding unfounded ^ 

1872.] Rutland County Insurrection — 1786. 131 

charges of severity and double dealing against the court), that the rebel 
gathering listened patiently to an appeal by the Rev. Jacob Wood (a popu- 
lar revivalist of that vicinity), who turned the scales so entirely that mem- 
bers of the regulators went over to the other side ; and by Monday all was 
quiet again. 

Finally, on Monday morning the militia received the thanks of the court 
and were dismissed to their homes. Nothing ruffled the judicial dignity any 
more ; and on Tuesday evening the court adjourned without day. The militia 
were compensated by the state ; the muster-roll is still to be seen at Rutland. 
On the 2d of March, 1787, the general assembly passed the following 
resolution : 

" That this House entertains a high sense of the services done the state 
by the officers and soldiers whose spirited exertions crushed the late daring 
insurrection against government in the counties of Rutland and Windsor ; 
and does hereby return the said officers and soldiers their hearty thanks." 

Thus died into silence the northern echo of Shays's rebellion : a faint but 
genuine reverberation of that summer thunder and heat-lightning. The 
respectability of the persons engaged in the insane enterprise of plunging 
society into anarchy proves how general, deep-seated, substantial were tlie 
grounds of discontent ; how hard it is after a grand convulsion to get the 
state machine into harmonious running again ; how much more we owe our 
continuance as a republic to the trust in the integrity of Washington than 
is popularly imagined ; for at the bottom of the cup lay everywhere these 
fierce discords, besides sectional hostility and overhanging bankruptcy, 
which nothing save the magic of his name made the people endure in con- 
fidence of a peaceful solution at last. It need not be added that the people 
of Vermont did themselves credit by meeting this sore trial of infant insti- 
tutions with profound reverence for law, with thorough respect for individu- 
al rights, with holy fidelity to conscience ; proving that no future strain can 
ever rend asunder our nation's cable, nor drive our good ship of state from 
that safe anchorage where she defies the storm, nor even permanently 
darken our political horizon. 

Puffer, Mathias. — In the Jan. No. of the N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Register, 
p. 80, is an inquiry about the wife of Mathias Pufiier. 

May 22, 1662, a Mathias Puffer, of Draintree, was accepted by the Committee 
(Mesers. Eleazer Lusher, Rofjer Clap and William Parke) empowered to astsitst in 
settling the Plantation granted at Netmocke (Mendon), as an inhahitant. From the 
Mendi^n records, I learn that Mathias Puffer and family were settled in thi^ town in 
Nov. 16G4. Mathias Puffer and family were living in this town in 1675, at the 
breaking out of King Philip's war. During the war the town was ahandoned, and 
the inhabitants did not return until Jan. 1680. Puffer did not return, as 1 do not 
find his name afterwards in our records. While at Braintree, and during the Indian 
war, he petitioned the Council to be allowed to remain there (he had been summoned 
to return to Mendon), to take care of his children ; his wife and eldest son having 
been slain by the " barbarous Indians." I do not find the name of Puffer among our 
record of Births, Marriages and Deaths, in fact no such records until after the war. 

If this Mathias was the one who married Rachel Farnsworth, unlesH he had mar- 
ried again before 1675, Rachel Puffer was killed by the Indians in this town, July 
14, 1675. 


Mendon, Mass., Jan. 14. 

132 The New-Hampshire Gazette, [-^pril, 


Communicated by Frank W. Miller, Esq., of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Portsmouth, the only port worthy the name on New-Hampshire's 
eighteen miles of sea-coast, was originally planted as a mercantile settlement, 
and not a religious colony. And this peculiarity of her origin has impressed 
itself on every phase and period of her history. Accordingly we find her, 
and the province of New-Hampshire, of which she was at once the head 
and the largest member, getting along without a press from 1623 until 
1756; and when at length the press did come, it was first used to print an 
almanac and newspaper; and indeed this first press was never used in print- 
ing many books. 

The history of printing in Portsmouth is thus mainly the record of 
newspapers and editors ; although considerable book work was done at one 
time, about the close of the last century, including a heavy edition of 
Rollin's Ancient History, by Treadwell & Brother, in 8 vols. Charles 
Tappan, Charles Peirce, Gray & Childs, T. H. Miller and C. "W. Brewster 
also issued several works, at a later date ; and Mr. Miller also printed music, 
and his were the only specimens ever issued in the state, so far as I can 
ascertain, except the publications of Ilenry Ranlet (and possibly others) 
at Exeter, which were considerable. 

Daniel Fowle, the first printer in New-Hampshire, who established the 
New-Hampshire Gazette in Portsmouth, Oct. 7, 1756, was a native of 
Massachusetts, and his record shows him to have been a fair printer, and 
able editor; successful in business; a true patriot, and good man. He 
commenced business in Boston, in 1740, and in 1750 published the Inde- 
pendent Advertiser, in connection with Gamaliel Rogers. Fowle afterward 
opened a bookstore and printing office in Boston ; and in 1754 was arrested 
by order of the Massachusetts house of representatives, on' suspicion of 
having printed a pamphlet entitled " The monster of monsters ; by Tom 
Thumb Esq.," which contained severe animadversions on some of the 
members. Fowle denied the printing, but acknowledged the sale of the 
pamphlets. After the rudest and most insolent treatment, he was taken to 
the common jail, and confined in the same cell with a notorious thief, and 
next that of a murderer awaiting execution. After three days he was set 
at liberty, but refused to go ; he had been confined, uncondemned by the law, 
and demanded that the authority which had imprisoned, should release him. 
But after staying with the jailor three days longer, and learning that his 
wife was seriously ill from anxiety on his account, he returned home. He 
afterward published an account of these arbitrary proceedings in a pamphlet 
entitled " The total eclipse of liberty." 

In vain endeavoring to obtain satisfaction or indemnity for his illegal 
detention, and disgusted with the provincial government of Massachusetts, 
he determined to leave Boston ; and sought the freer soil of New-Hamp- 
shire. Accepting the invitation of several " respectable " gentlemen of 
Portsmouth, he removed to this town; and early in October, 175G, issued 
here the first number of the Gazette, on a sheet which, laid open, measures 
seventeen inches by ten — an exact fac simile of which is furnished in each 
copy of this number of the Register. The Gazette, now in its one hundred 

1872.] The New-Ham2)shire Gazette, 133 

and sixteenth Tolume, is still published at Portsmouth, being now issued in 
quarto form, on a sheet 29 >< 4*2 inches. The present office is on the same 
btreet, and not many rods above the original location, but there have been 
numerous other sites occupied in the mean time. 

It will be seen that no place of issue is stated in the publisher's imprint 
or elsewhere ; but a daughter of the late John Melclier, Esq. (Fowle's 
successor and heir), still living, states positively that the singular and quaint 
old wooden building, of which we present an exact picture on p. 139 (from a 
photograph by Davis Brothers, of Portsmouth), was Fowle's original office, 
and so the site of the first printing in New-Hampshire. It is located on the 
corner of Pleasant, Washington and Howard streets, and opposite the 
beautiful and famous old Wentworth mansion ; in the near vicinity of the 
original meeting-house, and in what was then the business centre as well as, 
the " court end " of the town. The office (that is the material and the 
business, — not the building) was after a few years removed by Fowle to 
Fore or Paved street, now* Market ; but had it been retained in the first 
location, it would have escaped the fires which have several times visited it 
in various others, but which have never devastated the south end of the 

Fowle's opening address is pronounced by Rev. Dr. Peabody to be a 
masterpiece of its kind ; and no one can inspect the volumes of the paper 
under his management, without conceiving a most favorable idea of his ability 
and discretion, integrity and honor, public spirit and patriotism. He con- 
tinued in business in Portsmouth for about thirty years, until 1784, for a 
portion of the time having a less worthy nephew connected with him ; but 
for the most part assisted chiefly by his negro slave, Primus, an excellent 
pressman, although he did not know a letter, and who lived to the age of 
ninety. Dr. Peabody also remarks " that the N. H. Gazette is believed to 
be the only newspaper in this country which has had a continuous existence 
for a century, without a change of name." But this was said in 1856, at 
the centennial celebration of the Gazette ; and since that time, at least two 
others have completed their hundred years. The North American in Phila- 
delphia, and The Newport Mercury in Rhode Island. 

Pictorial illustrations were perhaps as popular then as now, but engravings 
were scarce, and engravers scarcer. Fowle had brought with him, from his 
Boston printing ofiice, a set of wood-cuts, probably of yEsop's fables ; and 
with that of the fox and the crow, as will be seen, the head of the Gazette 
was at first adorned. Whether the public was the crow, and Fowle the fox, 
we cannot say, nor how the emblem or device was to be taken ; but this cut 
was soon broken, and was replaced by that of Jupiter and the peacock. 
Some time afterward the royal arms took their place in the head, and kept 
it until displaced by the American revolution. 

Mr. Fowle did little else than print his paper, the province laws, and a few 
pamphlets. The governor appointed him a justice of the peace soon after 
his arrival. He was a correct and industrious printer, and an agreeable man, 
and succeeded in accumulating a considerable property. He published the 
Gazette, alone or with a partner, till 178.3; when he transferred it to John 
Melcher and George Jerry Osborn, two of his apprentices. Mr. Fowle 
died in 1787, aged about seventy years, leaving most or all his estate to John 
Melcher, according to his agreement when young Melcher went to live with 
and work for him. Melcher died in 18.30, aged nearly ninety years, and his 
highly respectable descendants are still enjoying the competency thus gained 
from Fowle, and increased by himself. 

Vol. XXVI. 12* 

134 The New-Hampshire Gazette. [-^pril, 

The exact chronology of the Gazette is as follows : Daniel Fowle printed 
it from 175G to 1764, when Robert Fowle became associated with him. 
They continued till 1773, when Robert went to Exeter and started the first 
paper there. In 1776, Benjamin Dearborn became publisher; but two years 
after, Mr. Fowle again resumed the publication, and continued it to 1785, 
when Melcher & Osbom took it. A part of the old wooden building, then 
standing on what is now Market street, which was occupied as a printing 
office by Fowle and his successors, is now a dwelling on Russell street. 

Mr. Osborn soon left the firm, but Melcher continued the business of 
printer and bookseller till 180^ when he sold out to Nathaniel S. & Washing- 
ton Peirce, who changed the politics of the Gazette from federal to republican. 
Melcher was the first state-printer of New-Hampshire, and the only Ports- 
mouth citizen who has ever filled that office. He imported a fount of pica 
type upon which to print the laws of the State, and it was in regular use for 
more than sixty years. The writer now has in his possession, the original 
press used in printing the Gazette, also a large earthen inkstand, a settee, 
and several founts of type, which descended from Fowle to Melcher, and were 
bestowed by his family on the writer's father, the late Rev. Tobias H. Miller, 
himself a prominent editor in this city for nearly fifty years past, until 1870. 
Mr. Melcher filled the high office of coroner for many years, was a very 
exact and accurate printer and business man, and having made a snug 
property in his trade, lived in the best of health and spirits almost half a 
century after he retired from it. The writer of this well remembers hia 
nice, prim appearance as a veritable gentleman of the old school, in our 
streets, during his last years. 

N. S. & W. Peirce, in connection with Benjamin Hill and Samuel Gard- 
ner, published the Gazette about three years, and in 1805 sold it to William 
Weeks, who came from Portland, Me. Up to this time very little editorial 
matter had appeared in the paper, except a little political writing at certain 
periods. The scissors (or, rather, penknife) did most of the work, as they 
often do the best of it now. The "news" and selected matter were all that 
was expected — and it was of no consequence if the news from Washington 
was several days, or from Europe several weeks old, instead of hours or 
minutes, as now. "Mr. Weeks held an able pen, and wrote more than his 
predecessors. He remained editor for more than four years of a stormy 
period, and at the close of 1813 was succeeded by Beck & Foster. This 
firm continued until dissolved by the death of David C. Foster in 1823. 
From that time till 1834, Gideon Beck was the publisher; then Albert 
Greenleaf was admitted partner, and the next year, 1838, Mr. Beck left the 
business. Now appear the names of Thomas B. Laighton (afterward well 
known at the Isles of Shoals), and Abner Greenleaf, Jr., in the imprint, for 
a year or less; when Mr. Greenleaf alone conducts the paper up to 1841. 
Then Joel C. Virgin and Samuel W. Moses published it until 1843 ; then Mr. 
Moses for a year. After this, Abner Greenleaf (senior) is named as editor, 
then A. Greenleaf & Son. This year, 1844, closes without any imprint, 
and for the next two years there was none, the paper being then owned by 
prominent democrats, and managed by them and their friends. 

In 1847, William P. Hill, a son of Isaac Hill, came from Concord, in this 
state, and bought the Gazette, and also another opposition sheet which had 
been started; and uniting the two, enlarged the Gazette, and called it "The 
N. H. Gazette and Republican Union." He was unsuccessful, and lost 
several thousand dollars in the publication ; and after in vain attem])ting to 
.establish a daily Gazette in connection therewith, he left the paper in 1850, 

1872.] The New-Hampshire Gazette. 135 

and was succeeded by Gideon II. Rundlett, of Pt)rtsmouth, who ably and 
faithfully edited and published the paper for its owners, who were leading 
members of the democratic party. 

Edward N. Fuller, from Manchester, relieyed Mr. Rundlett after his two 
years' service, in 1852, and remained in charge of the business until 1858, 
when, after making another creditable but unsuccessful attempt to establish 
a daily Gazette, he left the state, and was for several years connected with 
the Newark Journal in New-Jersey. Mr. Fuller was an able man and skilful 
journalist, but had a difficult field to work in here. He was succeeded 
in the management of the Gazette, by Amos S. Alexander, Esq., from 
Fisherville, — a man of more ability than discretion in the use of his pen ; a 
most social and agreeable gentleman, of Falstaffian personal proportions. 
This "Alexander the Great" (as he was sometimes called by rival editors) 
was obliged to vacate his position as custom-house officer and editor, in 
favor of Mr. Samuel Gray, of Portsmouth, who now bought the office, in 
February, 1859. Mr. Gray was a good printer, and capable business man, 
and conducted the paper to the satisfaction of its patrons, until Sept. 14, 
1861, when he sold out to Frank W. Miller, who united the Gazette with 
the Chronicle (a daily and weekly paper established in 1852 by these same 
men, with others, then partners, as Millers & Gray), in which connection it 
is still published, the daily being known as "The Portsmouth Chronicle," 
and the weekly as "The New-Hampshire Gazette." 

In 1857, the firm of Millers & Gray (the third member having been 
Thomas 'W. Miller who deceased in 1856) was dissolved, F. W. Miller 
remaining as sole owner and publisher. In 1858, he purchased the New- 
Hampshire Phenix, a temperance paper printed at Concord, and put the 
titles of both at the head. This cannibalistic performance of swallowing 
numerous other papers, has been the experience of many old publications. 

Mr. George W. Marston was admitted partner with Mr. Miller, April 13, 
1868, under the style of Frank W. Miller & Co.; and Mr. Miller sold his 
interest to Mr. Washington Freeman Oct. 13, 1870, since when the business 
is well conducted by Marston & Freeman. 

The Gazette was strongly loyal for many years ; so much so, that in 
1765 it was feared the editor would not oppose the stamp act vigorously 
enough, and another paper called the Portsmouth Mercury was started, but 
after three years it ran out. In 1802, the Gazette was changed to repub- 
lican, but about Jackson's time espoused the democratic cause, and followed 
the fortunes of that party until united with the Chronicle. Thenceforth, 
with T. H. Miller continuously, and three of his sons at different times as 
editors (with whom Jacob H. Thompson, now of the New- York Times, was 
for several years a valuable assistant), and later under Mr. Marston's man- 
agement, the Gazette has been and is a supporter of the republican party. 

It must not be supposed that the printers of the Gazette enjoyed a 
monopoly of the business in Portsmouth during all these years. Far from 
it. Nearly or quite thirty other different papers have been started, and for 
the last eighty years there have been commonly three weeklies issued, and 
within twenty years two dailies have been established in addition, — the 
Daily Times in 1868. Of these, up to the time of the very successful 
Chronicle, in 1852, only one had succeeded with any great degree of per- 
manence, — the Oracle, now Portsmouth Journal. 

In 1703, Charles Peirce commenced a semi-weekly called the "United 
States Oracle of the Day," but in about two years changed it to a weekly, 
and in 1801 sold it to William Tread well ; and after passing through other 

}36 The New-Hampshire Gazette. [April, 

hands, the name was alte^d to "Portsmouth Journal" (which it still retains), 
by N. A. Haven, Jr., who became editor in 1821, and it was in 1825 sold to 
Charles W. Brewster and Tobias II. Miller, both recently deceased. In 
1835, Mr. Brewster bought out Mr. Miller, and the paper is still published 
by his son, Louis W. Brewster, for several years his partner, and is one of 
the most substantial and highly esteemed family journals in the State. As 
a characteristic, it has the same small, neat heading which it has borne for a 
large portion of its whole existence of three-quarters of a century. 

Mr. Brewster, senior, made one or two efforts, many years ago, to 
start a small daily, but not immediately receiving what he deemed adequate 
encouragement, he declined to go on. Ilis two volumes of valuable and 
interesting local history, known as " Rambles about Portsmouth," and his 
noble essay entitled " Fifty years in a Printing Office," are, in addition to 
his weekly Journal, an ample record of a well-spent life. Verily, his works 
do follow him, and liis children rise up and call him blessed. 

His old partner, Tobias II. Miller, — printer, editor, publisher, and minis- 
ter of the gospel, — was for more than half a century prominently connected 
with the press of his native state ; and no doubt, at one time or other, was 
interested in more different newspapers than any other man who ever 
lived in New-Hampshire. As an editor, few have shown more ability or 
been more popular, though he was as outspoken as Fowle ; but, unlike 
Fowle, he cared not to amass wealth. He was a clergyman of good stand- 
ing, first in the Orthodox Congregational, and afterward in the Univorsalist 
denomination ; and keeping both pen and voice active almost to the day of his 
death, he was a year or two since gathered with our list of worthies, of whom 
he was proud to be accounted one. His six sons have all had more or less 
connection with the printing office, four of them being editors of newspapers. 

It is curious to look at the ages of the first printers of Portsmouth. 
Fowle lived to be about 70 years old, working nearly fifty ; Primus, his slave, 
to be 90, working more than fifty ; Melcher, Fowle's apprentice, to be 90, 
working nearly thirty years ; Samuel Whidden, Melcher's apprentice, and 
m part his successor, to be 70, working forty-five ; and T. H. Miller, who 
first worked with Whidden, to be 68, working fifty-five years. Of all these 
men, probably the first, Daniel Fowle, made more money by the printing 
business, than has ever been made by any other in this state, even to the 
present day ; although Mr. Melcher, who inherited Fowle's property and 
increased it in other ways than by printing, doubtless gathered a larger 
estate than he. Fowle held the office of justice of the peace, a position 
conferring power and emoluments in those days ; Melcher was for years the 
coroner, a respectable and profitable office ; and in later times, even to the 
present, the publisher or editor of the Gazette has usually been the recipi- 
ent of some profitable government office, in the customs or postal depart- 
ment. Before the year 1800, eight several and distinct papers competed 
with the Gazette, at different times ; since that time, at least twenty of all 
sorts have begun and ended. Of the men, besides the Gazette pioneers, 
and their near followers, Charles Peirce, who started the Oracle (now Jour- 
nal), and the late lamented Charles W. Brewster, also of the Journal, 
all of whom accumulated a comfortable competency, few if any of their nu- 
merous competitors and followers, except the Chronicle publishers, have 
added nuich to their substance by their hard labors, though some of them 
were very able and worthy men. The Oracle and Journal throughout have 
had able writers. The Gazette, from the time iMr. AVilliam Weeks took it, 
in \^^)b, has been actively edited, and usually with ability. 

1872.] The Neiv-Hamjishire Gazette. 137 

It is fitting and proper here to note the fact that the antiquity of the N. 
H. Gazette has been disputed and denied by some, especially by the New- 
port INIercury of Rhode Island, which was started two years after the Ga- 
zette, by Benjamin Franklin's less wortliy brother James. The form, size 
and entire make-up of the little Mercury (as shown by the fac simile issued 
at the time of their centennial celebration, in 1858), clearly evinces that it 
was patterned, as near as might be, after Fowle's Gazette ; and the 
Mercury bases its claims to greater antiquity than the Gazette, on the state- 
ment that the Gazette was for a year or more, about 1775, suspended from 
]niblication, or else published under a different name. But neither of these 
statements are true, as the files and all the records of history show. For 
although there have at various times been several other titles connected 
with that of New-Hampshire Gazette, this has never been omitted, nor has 
the paper ever failed of regular and continuous issue. There appears at 
one time to have been another New-Hampshire Gazette, printed at Exeter, 
ff^urteen miles distant from Portsmouth, by one Robert Fowle, whom Dr. 
Peabody alludes to as an unworthy nephew of the great Daniel ; this was 
issued irregularly for a year or two, first called "A New-Hampshire Gazette," 
and afterwards " The New-Hampshire Gazette," and its brief existence may 
have caused the misapprehension as to the veritable Gazette. At any rate, 
the bound files of the Gazette, which still exist, almost complete if not 
entirely so, in the Athenaeums of Portsmouth and Boston, show that this 
cliarge is not correct, and the evidence is good and sufficient of the superior 
age of the paper. Rev. Dr. Peabody, in his address, sustains this view ; 
and the late Rev. T. H. Miller, who had thoroughly studied the subject, 
also insisted on it. Thomas, in his History of Printing, more than half a 
century since, said " The New-Hampshire Gazette is the oldest paper in 
New-England," — and it is very certain that it has not grown any younger, 
nor any of its cotemporaries relatively any older since. The files show that 
the name of N. H. Gazette and Historical Chronicle was, on May 25, 1776, 
changed to Freeman's Journal or N. H. Gazette ; and about one year after- 
wards was again changed to N. H. Gazette, or State Journal and General 
Advertiser. But the original title of New-Hampshire Gazette, which 
Fowle gave it, has always been sustained at the head of the paper, and 
this is beyond question the oldest paper, not only in New-England, but in 
the United States. And there is only one other paper, so far as I can dis- 
cover, that at any time, within many years back, could have disputed success- 
fully the claims of the N. H. Gazette to priority in the Union. We allude to 
the Virginia Gazette, which was established at Williamsburg in 173G, twenty 
years before Fowle's, and was the third paper started in the country. The 
publishers most of the time during the last twenty years have been two 
brothers of the name of Lively, to whose courtesy I am indebted for some 
information concerning the paper, and for copies of the last issues, as late 
as 18tj9, which show them to be able journalists. Mr. Lively states that 
he has valuable bound files of the paper, sufficient to fill a horse-cart ; but 
that its publication has been suspended and resumed several times during 
its long career, — if, indeed, such an interrupted and broken series of exist- 
ences can be termed and counted as one and the same life. In one case, at 
least, Messrs. Lively abandoned the old historic name, but resumed it again 
after a few months. In 1862, this Virginia Gazette was necessarily discon- 
tinued for a while, by reason of the U. S. forces occupying the town of 
Williamsburg, — and a sheet was issued from the office by some of the 
printer " boys in blue." At the close of the war, the former publishers re- 

138 The New-Hampshire Gazette, [K'^yW^ 

sumed the old Gazette, but did not continue to print it long, and it is now 
enjoying one of its silent or hibernating periods. But as its last able and 
gentlemanly editor informs me that there is now a good opening for a paper 
in Williamsburg, let us hope that this, one of the earliest of all our many 
" Gazettes," may soon be resuscitated to new and long-continued life. 

As for the New-Hampshire Gazette, the worthy subject of this brief and 
imperfect sketch, which yet has grown far beyond the limits I intended, — > 
this is still alive indeed, and is now published by Messrs. Marston & Free- 
man, in quarto form of eight pages of six columns each ; and is one of the 
largest, best and most flourishing papers in the state. It was issued in its 
present shape for the first time, by the writer of this article, Nov. 16, 1867. 
The long-continued support of this old newspaper by the people of Ports- 
mouth and vicinity, would seem to be another evidence of their noted stead- 
fastness, enterprise and thrift in the olden times. 

Rev. Dr. Peabody also states in his address, that " this town can claim 
the distinction of having issued the first religious newspaper in the country, 
and I am inclined to think in the world." This was the " Herald of Gospel 
Liberty," which was started by Rev. Elias Smith, the very able founder 
here of the Christian Baptist or Christian sect ; and his son. Rev. Matthew 
Hale Smith, has for years been the spicy New- York correspondent of the 
Boston Journal. The paper, after several changes of name and location, 
is still published under its original title, in Dayton, Ohio. I am well aware 
that some persons attempt to disprove this claim of priority likewisef Dr. 
Peabody further says, " I am also led to believe that the earliest religious 
magazine published in America was ^ The Piscataqua Evangelical Maga- 
zine,' issued in Portsmouth four or five years, beginning in 1805." 

A very interesting celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the 
introduction of printing into New-Hampshire, — really the celebration of the 
establishing of the Gazette, — was held in Portsmouth, October 6, 1856. 
The movement was originated by the New-Hampshire State Historical 
Society, and was largely indebted for its success to the intelligent and un- 
tiring efforts of Edward N. Fuller, Esq., then publisher of the Gazette, and 
his brother, now Frank Fuller, Esq., of Utah. Mr. E. N. Fuller pub- 
lished at the time, a pamphlet of sixty pages, containing a full account of 
the proceedings on the occasion, — the street procession and decorations, and 
the indoor festivities, — the oration, poem, &c. in the Temple, originally the 
church built for Elder Elias Smith ; the dinner in the old historic Jefferson 
Hall, with the after-feast of speeches, sentiments, &c. The oration of Rev. Dr. 
A. P. Peabody, then pastor of the Unitarian Church in Portsmouth, and 
editor of the North American Review, although written at very short notice, 
was of course an able and eloquent production, and no less a glowing tribute 
to the art personated, than a valuable compilation of and contribution to the 
general and local history of the craft, the devotees of which perhaps have 
proved themselves generally less crafty than most other guilds. Benjamin P. 
Shillaber, Esq., well known as Mrs. Partington, delivered the poem on the 
occasion ; and Albert Laighton, who has been styled the poet of New-Hamp- 
shire, and Thomas B. Aldrich, wrote odes which were sung by a select 
choir, — all the three poets being natives of Portsmouth. 

The famous battalion of Amoskeag Veterans, from Manchester, N. H., 
under command of the late Col. Chandler E. Potter, the well-known historian, 
performed escort duty for the imposing street procession, which embraced 
the fire department and military and civic organizations of the city, and a 
small mechanical department. The great attraction was the old wood and 



ginning c 
in a ufefu] 

a ftrong I 
and partic 
at fuch a ' 
a powerfi 
of our Af 

I fhall 
can be col 
but fuch a 

But bef 
cafion, this 
other ufeft 

As the 
fended if 

the Publif 
State, nor 
thofe Mea 
thing Inde 
of Compla 

The Publifher will efteern it^* 
Genius and generous Sentiment: t 
inftrudlive to the Public, agreea^' 
obliged to any Gentleman whob 
Intelligence, provided they be jo 

— v; 


'J'ke following JrlP 


ANTIGUA, Aiiguft 2i^ 
N Thursday laft arrived here his M 
Edinburg, of 74 Guns, Capt. Langd 
which it is said Admiral Frankland will 
and the Augufta of 60, Capt. Wickham, w 
under Convoy : In the Augufta, came togetP * 
and Sifter, James Ross, Esq ; Col. of hi. 
Regiment of Foot. ^ 

The Augufta in her Passage spoke with a 
raltar, the Mafter of which said that Sir Ec^^ 
rived at Gibraltar the 23d of June, and sail'c j 
next Day for Minorca. 

j^ug. 31. Yefterday arrlv^ed here the S 
Barton, in 27 Days from Gibraltar, from V 
the following Articles of Intelligence' — 1^ 
Engagement between the two Fleets the Frt ^ 
ed off Minorca, when a Report prevailed t ^ 
and deftroyed the English Fleet ; and a F!? 
sent into the Garrbon, desiring they would" 
not, the Enony did not doubt having it in ^ 
then no Quarters would be granted. Th' 
Blakeney dismiss'd the Flag of Truce, ai^ 
Answer by Cannon Ball and Bomb Shells'^ 
that Day was upwards of 1000 Men kilFj^ 
was beat for leave to bury the dead. Sooi ^ 
upon a Breach put in Execution a bold 5 
Mine was sprung by our General, which bl 
and occasioned their beating a second Parley"^ 
This Mine being a principal one in the De" 
rison. General Blakeney now took that Op^ 
a Flag of Truce, with a Proposal of C 
Thing was granted, and the French march" 
being the 29th of June : During our Foi^ 
Duty as the French ; a ftrong Friendship 
English march'd out with all the Honours 
sent to Gibraltar at the French King's Expe 

The Duke de Richelieu told General Blal/< 
had landed his Forces, as he might have d^ 
from his Mafter to nail up the Cannon, anc^ 
ately for France. We loft 170 Officers and '^' 
between 4 & 5000. . 

Admirals Hawke and Saunders being sen^ 
mand, Byng and Weft were ordered homh' 
nerals Fowke and Stuart. Hawke sail'd i"^ 
9th of July, with 19 Sail of Men of W; l 
board, to reinforce the Garrison of St. Ph_ 
that it was surrendred. Our Forces from-j- 
at Gibralter 5 days before Capt. Barton s *^ 
the Garrison loooo ftrong. By some Acc' 
telligence of several Men of War with Sol 
the Mediterranean ; and General Blakeney 
few Months will reinftate him in St. Philips 

i-ith Difficulty he 
,'11 fell in with five 
fted English Co- 
hcm within Plftol 
the other a Snow 
deavoured to run 

y gi'^'i'^g ^^^ such 
IF: He then run 
lother Broadside, 
iteer having fresh 
ed the Reft of the 
ell fell on another 
exchanging two 
reft of the Ships 

other Opportunity, 
nchman supposed 
•ly, where he was 
ind is committed 

here in 23 Days, 
indward Passage, 
.ever. There are 
p Guns, I of 50, 
70 and 80 Guns 


•f 48 Men, com- 

} fired upon by a 

)fF, on the Weft 

ut half an Hour, 

"e of the Enemy, 

Ivantage of the 

our Party were 

y pursued by the 

d alive. Imme- 

nt down to their 

Boats : In the 

It the Bodies of 

on the Place of 

human Manner, 

oft of the others 

two of our Men 

rom the Camp, 

Indian, but not 

. pursued by the 

Lad, and ftabb'd 


.7^, we are since 
(taken a French 
fcy also a Snow 
ice. 'Tis said 
that the Mafter 
\PwegOy 15,00 in 
,cre, and that he 
1 the Redu6lion 
jcen chased off 

Halifax^ by a large French Privateer Schooner, her upper 
Works and Mafts painted with Spanish Brown, and that the 
Jamaica Sloop of War was gone out in queft of her. It is 
also reported, that Capt. Rous had taken a French Privateer 
Brigantine of 14 Guns and 150 Men. 

We have a long confused and uncertain Account of the 
taking of Ofvoego Fort, given and signed by one John Gael, 
who belonged to one of the Sloops on Lake Ontario, and 
who made his Escape from the Enemy with 3 others, the 
Evening after the Surrender of the Fort. To this Account is 
annexed the Names of the Officers belonging to the 3 Regi- 
ments of which the Garrison consifted ; but as they were all 
made Prisoners, and carried to Canada, and as every one who 
had Friends or Relations among them now knows their Fate, 
think it needless to insert their Names here. 

Monday laft, his Majefty's Ship Mermaid (on board of which 
is his Excellency Governor Shirley) sail'd from this Port for 

Tuesday laft, being Training-Day at Caftle William, in 
firing one of the 42 Pound Cannon, it split to pieces, by 

which Mr. Sea'ver, a Quarter-Gunner, was kill'd on xh^ 

Spot., one had his Leg so terribly shattered that it has since 
been cut off; another was much wounded in his Head and 
Side, and several others received some Hurt, but 'tis hoped 
they will all do well. 


By an Express that arrivM here yefterday from Albany, 
we have Advice, That the French are making some Advances 
towards our Camp at Lake George, and that General Winslow 
was apprensive they had some Thoughts of paying him a 
Visit, and that his Lordship the Earl of Loudon had de- 
manded of the several Governors in New England a Re- 

Port of Piscataway. 

Entred in, Schooner Rye, Richard Fofs from Chignecto. 
Sloop Neptune, Luke Mills, and Ship Salisbury, Samuel Appletoth 
from Antigua. 

Brig Britannia, William Gouoen from Rhode Island. 
Brig T'hree Brothers, Thomas Daricot from Biddeford. 

Entred Out, Brig Sally^ Thomas Palmer to Weft-Indies, 
Schooner Elizabeth, Mark Furnald to Fyall. 
Snouo Miner--va, Joseph Hixfon to Antigua. 
Ship Friends Adnjenture, John Briard to Weft-Indies. 
Ship Elizabeth, Nathanael Adams to Weft-Indies. 

Cleared Out, Schooner Fortune, Richard Teaton to Rhode Island*. 
Schooner Charming Molly, Henry Carter to Rhode Island. 
Sloop Sufannah, Houoard Henderson to Rhode Island. 
Schooner Hound, Robert Oram to Fyall. 
Brig Dolphin, Samuel Froft to Weft-Indies. 
Sloop Elizabeth, Da'vid Obrian to Linjcrpool. 

To be fold by the Printer hereof,. 

A Variety of bound Books and Pamphlets, among 'which are 
thefolloiving, njix. 

Douglafs's Summary, Hiftorical and 

Political of America in 2 Vol. American Magazines in 3 FoL 
Barnard's Myftery of the Gospel. Life of Jenny Cameron. Sure- 
Guide to Ilea-uen. Watts's 44 Sermons, Lyric Poems, &c. 


this Paper may be had at One Dollar per Annum, or an 
':oinputing a Dollar this Year at Four Pounds Old Tenor. 


The NeW'HamjJshire Gazette. 


stone printing press (often called Kamage,but of course much older^ than that 
pattern), which had been owned and worked by Franklin J. Draper, of Bos- 
ton, and Daniel Fowle and John Melcher, of Portsmouth, and upon which 
the New-Hampshire Gazette was first printed. This historic press was 
set up in a hayrack in the most outre style, and was operated as the 
procfssion moved along the streets, with the old inkballs and all ; and 
facsimiles of the first newspaper printed in the state (like that pre- 
sented herewith), were distributed to the eager populace, just a century 
from its appearance from the very same press. 

The first Printing Office in New-Hampshire, still standing in Portsmouth. 

Of the numerous and significant decorations of buildings, we can only 
refer to two. At the corner of Howard and Washington streets, and very 
near Pleasant, still stands the queer shaped old wooden building which was 
used by Fowle for the first printing office in the state, and of which we 
present an engraving with this article. This structure was decorated agree- 
ably to the suggestions of the writer hereof, with a large painting of the 
Draper printing press, behind which was seen the rising sun, and over all, 
the words, " Let there be light ! " Underneath all, the inscription, " Success 
to the craft wliich puts down kingcraft and priestcraft." Flags were sus- 
pended across the street at this point, and tlie bands as they passed saluted 

1 Mr. George W. Bazin, of Boston, who was an apprentice in the Portsmouth Oracle office 
about 1814 (and while there £?ave the late Rev. Mr. Miller his finst lessons m type-setting), 
and who now, at tlie age of 78 years, is making full weekly l)ills as compositor at the 
office of K:uid & Averv, thinks this is incorrect; but I am sure the late Mr. Miller held the 
view stated al)Ove. Mr. Bazin is correct in stating that an old press was Ijrought from 
Portsmouth to Boston to join in the great Pranklin statue celebration, and that this bore the 
name of A. Kaniage; but Mr. Isaac Frve, also an old Portsmouth and Bo>ton i)rinter, 
remembers two presses in the Melcher office, and thinks the oldest was not a Raniage. It 
has long been claimed that "Franklin worked on this press," as it is for scores of others; 
and posMbly he did [)ull a sheet or two, when travelling as Postmaster General, and calling 
at printing offices — to please the boys. 

140 The Neiv-Hamj)s/nre Gazette. [^pj^i^ 

the sacred spot. At the office where the Gazette was then publislied, 
on Daniel street, there was erected a fine national arch, surmounted 
by an eagle and flags, on the pillars of which appeijred thirteen stars, and 
on the keystone, " Daniel Fowle, 1756 :" 

'* To him whose memory our art endears, 
We yield the homage of a hundred years." ^ 

There was also a colossal bust of Franklin, the wooden figurehead, we 
think, of the old U. S. ship Franklin, and which is now displayed in the 
grounds of Portsmouth Navy Yard. 

The after-dinner speeches at Jefferson Hall, were especially interesting. 
Mayor Richard Jenness presided, and Hon. Frank Fuller was toast-master. 
Among the sentiments responded to, was one to " Daniel Fowle," by the 
Rev. Tobias H. Miller, who has recorded nearly all of the scanty know- 
ledge we have of Fowle's history, and that of John Melcher his next suc- 
cessor. Benjamin P. Shillaber also read a humorous poem, and IMr. Charles 
W. Brewster worked into ingenious rhyme many of the names of the 
numerous poets of Portsmouth. Father Boylston, of the Amherst 
Cabinet, and the veteran Father John Prentiss, long of the Keene 
Sentinel (who is still living at the age of ninety-four years), entertained 
the company with anecdotes and reminiscences of their times. E. N. 
Fuller, Esq., spoke for the Gazette, and named many whose able pens 
had enriched its columns. The whole celebration was one of the 
most interesting ever held in the city, and was in every respect worthy 
of the important event it commemorated. There were present many 
scholars and literary men from abroad, and the number of newspaper editors 
and reporters in attendance was probabl}^ larger than was ever gathered on 
any other occasion in the state. In the procession, the car containing the 
circulating printing office was labelled, " The Press," and a large carriage 
filled with Boston and New-York editors, was inscribed, " The Quill." 
Besides the exercises already alluded to, the visiting multitudes were enter- 
tained with a rowing regatta on the Piscataqua river, and a grand centenni- 
al ball was given at Congress Hall in the evening, which was pronounced 
the most brilliant affair of the sort ever given in this noted old city. And 
thus began and ended the first centennial celebration of the art of printing 
in America. For the expenses, the city council appropriated $500, one 
half of which only was expended, the balance being made up by subscrip- 
tions from public-spirited citizens. 

Tarbox. — In Hanson's History of Gardiner, Me., page 107, it is stated that Joseph 
Tarbox was a descendant of a French Huguenot family which spelled its name 
Tabeaux. Can this statement in regard to the corruption of Tabeaux into Tarbox be 
verified? C. Woodman. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Treworgye. — In connection with this name in New-England (see Register, vol. 
v., pp. 345-47) the following is of interest : — " April 8, 1651, a warrant was issued 
to John Treworgie and VV alter Sykes, ordering them to sail in the Crescent to 
Newfoundland and to sequestrate for the benefit of the Commonwealth, all ordnance, 
ammunition, houses, boats and other articles belonging to Sir David Kirke, and to 
collect the taxes paid by strangers lor the right of fishing." — Interrcijniim Entry- 
Book, cxvii., 114, quoted in llenry Kirke's First English Conc^uest of Canada, 
London, 1871, pp. 177-8. * J. w. t. 

1872.] TIic BromfiM Family, 141 

thp: bromfield family. 

Communicated by Prof. Daniel Denison Slade, M.D. 
Concluded from page 43. 

Ax excellent portrait of Mr. Henry Bromfield, by Morse, the telegraph in- 
ventor, adorns the parlors of his granddauijhter, Mrs. Blanchard, of Harvard. 

Mrs. Margaret Bromfield died at Brookfield, May 3, 1761. 

Henry, the eldest son of Henry and Margaret Bromfield, accompanied his 
father to England in 17G8, where he entered into mercantile life under the 
supervision of his uncle Tliomas, in London. After a short residence there, 
he returned to this country and engaged in business with his father in Bos- 
ton. Li the autumn of 1775 he was in Andover, to which place some of the 
members of the flimily had temporarily retired. Several letters to his father 
in Boston, dated at Andover, and Charlestown Ferry, accurately portray 
the stirring events occurring at this time. During the years 1777 and '78 
Mr. Bromfield undertook a journey with a partner in business, Mr. Gibbs, 
going as far as the Carolinas. Li October, 1787, he left the country for 
England, having just previously made one or more voyages to Europe in 
business pursuits. 

Making London his home, he there married Margaret Letitia Fox. In 
1812, however, leaving the metropolis, he retired to Cheltenham, where he 
passed the remainder of his life. The following extracts from a sermon* 
preached at his death, by his pastor, best portray his character : — 

" Our object is neither to conceal defects nor to heighten excellencies, but 
to draw the character of our deceased friend just as it was in truth and reality." 

" He had entered upon his eighty-sixth year, in the enjoyment of a much 
greater degree of bodily health, and mental energy, than is usually experi- 
enced at so advanced a period ; but it must be remembered that he was 
active, temperate, and pious. He used the world as not ' abusing it.' He neg- 
I^'Cted neither the health of his body nor that of his soul ; though he preferred 
t])e latter to the former. Hence he absented not himself from public worship, 
rither morning or evening ; and was as constant in his attendance on the 
V. eek-day services, as on those of the Sabbath ; and that, too, during the 
■^vliole winter season, when his advanced age might have justified his absence. 
His old age, like that of the patriarch Abraham, was a good old age ; that 
ll is, a morally good and truly happy old age ; not merely living, nor what 
the ei)icure and voluptuary would style ' living while we live ; " but living 
as God would have us live — in that rational and lawful enjoyment of the 
comforts and blessings of this life, which is really beneficial to ourselves 
and to others, and promotive of his glory." 

" Our aged friend was permitted to stand till he had arrived at the richest 
degree of autumnal maturity, ' like as a shock of corn cometh in, in his 
season.' " 

" His understanding was sound, and his mind had been imbued with 
scriptural knowledge from early youth ; and after his removal from America 
to London, for the more convenient transaction of his commercial concerns, 
the means of his spiritual improvement were considerably enlarged." 

* "The Matured Christian: a Sermon preached in Cheltenham Chapel, on Sunday 
Mominf^, February the 19th, 1837, on occasion of the lamented Death of Henry Bromfield, 
Esq. By the Ilcv. John Brown, Minister of the above Chapel. Cheltenham : 1837." 
Vol. XXVI. 13 

142 Tlie Bromfidd Familij. [^P^'i^; 

"About twenty-five years ago he withdrew from his mercantile pursuits in 
tlie metropolis, and took up his residence in this town, through the whole of 
which period he was in communion with ns ; and very grateful to your 
minister, was the remark of one of liis most intimate friends, that during 
his continuance at Cheltenham Chapel, he made still further advances in 
the knowledge and practice of religion." 

" Here we must likewise remark, that in addition to the public means of 
religious instruction, our friend was in the daily perusal of the sacred scrip- 
tures, which he accompanied with earnest prayer and devout meditation. 
Thus he had obtained a clear and comprehensive knowledge of the great 
truths and doctrines of Cliristianity, all of which were well arranged in his 
mind, and laid up in order, so as to be easily recalled by the memory as the 
occasion might require, whether for instruction, direction, or consolation. 
On al! the essentials of religion, his mind was fully made up, so that he was 
never in quest of novelty. He had none of that restless Athenian curiosity, 
which is constantly inquiring after some neiv tJdng.^^ 

" His character for liberality and benevolence is well known ; and that 
he was no bigot, the religious and charitable objects to which his bequests 
were made, both in the Establishment and out of it, place beyond the pos- 
sibility of doubt. He was a practical Christian, humbly devoted to the 
benefit of man, and the glory of God." 

Sarah, the second daughter of Henry and Margaret Bromfield, was a 
person of superior intellect and cultivation, of an extremely sensitive nature, 
quick perception, great refinement and delicacj^ of feeling, together with a 
warm-hearted benevolence. She was a most exemplary Christian. 

She was married in October, 1785, to Eliphalet Pearson, LL.D., who 
"was the first preceptor of Phillips Academy in Andover, which ofiice he 
held eight years, when he was called to Cambridge to assume the professor- 
ship of oriental languages and English literature in Harvard University. 
By his distinguished learning and ceaseless efforts. Dr. Pearson essentially 
elevated the standard of education during his connection with the University, 
where he remained twenty years. He was subsequently professor of sacred 
literature in the Theological Seminary in Andover. Resigning all public 
offices, he passed the remainder of his life in quiet domestic enjoyment, for 
which he was peculiarly fitted by the tenderest sensibility. He was, how- 
ever, actively interested in the advancement of all educational and christian 
schemes to the close of his life. He died Sept. 12, 182G. Mrs. Pearson 
died Feb. 12, 1830. 

Their children were: — 1. Margaret Bromfield, born Nov. 10, 1787 
married May 30, 1825, Rev. I. II. T. Blanchard (II. C. 1817), who was 
settled as minister in Harvard, Mass., 1823. Ill health compelled him to 
resign in 1831. Recovering in a measure, he was settled over a small par 
ish in South Natick, Mass., where he remained about five years. Removing 
to Weymouth, he passed the remainder of his days with his widowed mother. 
His death occurred April 9, 1845, after a life which exhibited strong fidelity 
in duty, and great patience in suifering. Mrs. Blanchard still lives in Har- 
vard, beloved and respected by a very large circle of friends. 2. Edward 
Augustus, born July 4, 1789 ; died Dec. 14, 1853. 3. Abigail Bromfield, 
born May 17, 1793 ; dicid in infancy. 4. Honrv Bromfield, born Marcli 29, 
1795; married, 1841, Elizabeth McFarland ; died June 29, 18G7. 

(4) Sarah, born Ai)rir 21, 1732; married Hon. Jeremiah Powell, of 
Kortli Yarmouth ; died ^larch, 180G, aged 74. The following is from a 
newspaper of the day : — 

1872.] TJic Bromficld Famihj, 143 

" The mild and amiable disposition of Mrs. Powell, endeared her to the 
•;\-hole circle of her acquaintance. Her modest, affectionate and friend- 
ly behaviour was uniformly displayed, and the christian graces were always 
in lively exercise. Her piety was unostentatious, but it was deeply rooted, 
and brought forth much fruit. She lived by faith, and the hopes and pro- 
mises of the gospel cheered her to the last moment of her existence and 
produced a calm but glorious triumph over the l:ing of terrors.'' 

(5) Thomas, born Oct. 30, 1733. AVent to England, and was engaged 
there in mercantile pursuits during a long life. lie died May, 181G, a. ^3. 

(G) Mary, born Oct. 7, 173G ; married AVilliam Powell, of Boston ; died 
178G. Their daughter, Anna Dummer, born 1770, married, 1800, Thomas 
Perkins, and died Sept. 11, 1848, aged 78. Their children were: 1. Wil- 
liam Powell. 2. Anna Powell, married Henry Bromfield Rogers (H. C. 
1822), Sept. 12, 1832. 3. Miriam, married F. C. Loring. 

(7) Elizabeth, born Nov. 5, 1739 ; died April, 1814, aged 75. "In the 
• haracter of Miss Bromfield were united the mild virtues of meekness, 
"atience and good will, a disposition to make others happy, and a readiness 

) acknowledge the kindness of friends. Her tranquil and benevolent life 
as guided by the rules of the gospel. This was her staff and refuge, and 
> it afforded support and solace by the way, it rendered death welcome and 
:he prospect beyond infinitely desirable." 

(8) John, born Jan. 6, 1743 ; married in Newburyport, May 3, 1770, 
Ann, the second daughter of Robert Roberts, a native of Wales. He died 
February, 1807. Mrs. Bromfield died Jan. 20, 1828. The second son of 
this marriage, and the fourth child, was John Bromfield, born in Newbury- 
port, April 11, 1779. He spent his school days chiefiy at Dummer Acade- 
my, Byfield, and was there fitted for college. Circumstances, however, pre- 
venting him from entering the University, he commenced a mercantile 
apprenticeship, and afterwards sailed as supercargo for several merchants, 
making voyages to Europe and to the East Indies. By this means, and by 
making judicious investments, and practising an exact economy, he was 
enabled to increase his property to such an extent as to be able to give 
twenty-five thousand dollars to the Boston Athenagum, an institution which 
his love for literary pursuits induced him to select, as worthy of his libera- 
lity, and at his death he by will distributed one hundred and ten thousand 
dollars among various public institutions, besides legacies to relatives. He 
died Dec. 8, 1849. Of his brothers, Edward was educated at Andover 
Academy, went on several voyages, and died on his return from Paris. 
Thomas died at sea. His sister, Mrs. Ann Tracy, was a person of superior 
intellectual powers, and highly cultivated. She died Sept. 9, 185G. 

Morris, Charles. On pngc402of the Memoirs of tlie Wilkinson Family, publish- 
ed in Jiicksonvilie, Flori'la, 1860, in the bi'ii^raphy of Coiiimodon! Charles Morris, [] . 
y.N., it is stated that his eldest Hon Cliarles lell nobly contendiii;^ for the Union, 
during the " Great Rebellion," in Missouri. That is a mistake, ilis son Charles 
was snot in the nec'.-k while in a boat in the Tobasco river, on an expedition airairiKt 
Tol)asc(j, durinii; the Mexican war, 184G-7, and was taken to Anton Li/.aillo, where he 
shortly after died on Ijoard the Fla;;-Kliii), from the edrc-ts of his woinid. 

Dr. William l>ow(;n M(;rris, a son (jf the (Jonniiodore, is now a practisinii^ ph}'- 
sician in Charlestown, Mas8. There is anotlier sou in the Army, and ConmiatHJcT 
George, of Cumberland notoriety, in the Navy. Ceo. IJenuy Pi.eble. 

Charkstown, Mass. 


The New Masonic Temiile, 



Prepared, at request, by John H. Sheppard, A.M. 

Among the cost- 
ly edifices which 
adorn the city of 
Boston is the New 
Masonic T e m- 
p L E, situated on 
Tremont & Boyl- 
ston streets. This 
maenificent struc- 
ture was erected 
by the Grand 
Lodge of Mas- 
sachusetts, on the 
site of the Free- 
mason's Hall, 
destroyed by fire 
in 1864, and was 
dedicated June 24, 
1867, under Chas. 
C. Dame, Esq., 
Grand Master, in 
presence of And- 
rew Johnson, pre- 
sident of the Uni- 
ted States, the members of his cabinet, and a large assemblage of the fra- 
ternity. So rapidly and yet thoroughly was the new temple wrought, that 
it seemed like the fabled Phoenix to rise from its ashes. 

The first object which strikes the mind of the spectator is the splendid 
location and the surroundings of this fine edifice. Standing at a corner of a 
capacious sidewalk, where two wide and leading streets intersect each other, 
facing our beautiful Common, and upon a central spot of the business and 
travel of the public, this structure amidst the modern buildings around 
looms'up in the architecture of a distant age. 

The front on Tremont street is about 90 feet in width and 80 in 
height to the coping beneath the roof. The style is Gothic of the 14th and 
15th centuries, modified in the ground story for commercial purposes. It is 
four stories to the Mansard roof which makes a fifth ; and is divided into 
three sections : the central division is 25 feet wdde, projecting a foot from 
the main body, the other two 33 feet 

In the projection is a porch with a lofty entrance, over which are two 
large windows : the first a canopied window with a sharp gable opening on a 
balcony, and in the third story, an arched one. The sides are supported by 
massive and flying buttresses, reaching to the third story, between which on 
each side of the door, there is a niche filled by a symbolic pillar of Winooski 
marble, with sculptured emblems on the capital which is surmounted by a 
globe. The enti-ance is under a grand archway, and tlie vestibule with a 

1872.] The New Masonic Tonj^le. 1^5 

marble flooring is tastefully finished, with a panelled and arched ceiling ; 
and through this a wide tiight of sto,irs leads to the second story. 

The window over the door in the third story is embellished with the 
Cross of Malta, having on each side one narrow and pointed. Rising 
on the left of the turret above the parapet stands a round tower, 7 feet in 
diameter, and 16 in height, designating the flag or watch tower of a castle 
in the feudal times ; and on the right side there is a smaller square tower to 
preserve uniformity. Between these a gable extends from each tower, con- 
taining within it a rose window, terminating in a pinnacle. From the grand 
arch door between the buttresses to the gable tower and pinnacle, a grace- 
fulness and grandeur of expression set off the facade in a striking manner. 

At the extreme of the left division, a slender round tower, on account of 
symmetry, ascends to 15 or 16 feet above the coping; and at the base of the 
column on which it rests appears the Gate of the Temple. 

At the southern corner of the right hand division, a lofty turret springs 
from five arches upon six round pillars of an octagon, 9 feet in diameter 
on the ground floor, with buttresses at the angles. This majestic turret 
contains a balcony with windows from the coping to the top of the roof ; 
then a smaller one above ; and from thence, gradually narrowing, tapers to 
a point 30 or 40 feet from the 4th story. At the base there is a door of the 
octagon, and also balconies with pointed windows in 2d and 3d story. The 
elevation of this turret so high above the whole building, with its arches, 
gables, finials, and niches for future statues, and adorned with rich tracery, 
makes it a prominent feature, unique and pleasing to the eye. 

The first story contains four large arched windows and doors on each 
side of the entrance ; that on the right opening on the Home Savings Bank. 
The 2d and 3d have six large pointed windows, and the fourth story twelve 
of narrower size ; the roof has also four small pointed windows. 

The facade on Boylston street is about 100 feet in length, and with the 
windows and decorations well comports with the front. A small projection 
40 feet in width is walled up to the second story, having near the top of it 
four small semi-circular windows. In the third story there is one large 
window flanked with arched panels. The parapet is surmounted by 
pinnacles, and at the south-east corner a turret rises from the coping. Left 
of the middle section in the front story there are three large w^indows, and 
to the right of the section a door and two windows; and all those in the other 
stories harmonize in their construction with the front of the building. 

The whole exterior exhibits a rich and picturesque model of mediaeval 
architecture, graceful in its proportions and highly ornamented ; yet it is 
unavoidably subjected to some deviations in the ground story, and especially 
by the introduction of changes and emblems peculiarly adapted to an ancient 
institution. Modern architecture requires many such innovations from 
the simple and wonderful beauty of the pure orders of antiipiity ; yet this 
simplicity should never be lost. " Denique sit, quid vis, simplex duntaxat 
et unum." Neither the l^arthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, nor the 
Temple of Jupiter or Theseus, if they could rise from their ruins, could 
accommodate an assembly of christian worshippers ; and therefore originat- 
ed the Gothic style ; such as the stately Trinity Church in vSummer street. 
Yet there are some exceptions; St. Paul's Church, on Tremont street, is a 
beautiful specimen of the Ionic order. 

The above is but a brief and meaijro account. For a minute and 
elegant description of this building, witli its gables, pinnacles, arches, finials, 
spandrils and tracery, the reader is referred to the " Dedication Memorial 

Vol. XXVI. 13* 

146 The New Masonic Temple, [^pi'il; 

of the New Masonic Temple in Boston, by William B. Stratton," and to 
Moore's Freemason's Magazine, to which this brief outline owes many 

The material of the exterior is white granite from Concord, N. 11., which, 
to a stranger standing a few rods off on the Common, presents the illusion 
of white marble. We now proceed to the interior. 

Landing on the wide corridor of the second story, you find on the left 
side the apartments of the Grand Master and Grand Secretary, which are 
frescoed, tinted and handsomely fitted up with furniture of black walnut and 
carpets. The secretary's room is capacious, in view of the Common, and 
supplied with two large and lofty book cases with glass doors, which, since 
the loss of the old library by fire, have been replenished by the aid of the 
brethren, and the indefatigable researches and liberality of Dr. Winslow 
Lewis, P. G. Master. He has already collected and catalogued five hun- 
dred volumes of rare and precious masonic works. On the same side are 
the coat-room and ante-room. 

On the right side of the corridor is the reception-room, facing Tremont 
street, with two small rooms adjacent. East of them is the Corinthian Hall, 
where the Grand Lodge holds its communications and the blue lodges confer 
their degrees. This splendid apartment is worthy of Solomon in all his 
glory. It is 40 feet by 70, and 22 feet in height, adorned with columns, 
pedestals, modillion cornices and coved ceiling, on which is portrayed a 
superb pictorial centre piece, emblematical of the genius of Masonry, de- 
signed by Charles W. Moore, P. G. S., to whose taste the ornamentation of 
the building is much indebted. The hall is lighted by two massive chande- 
liers, and the furniture is of black walnut with chairs in green plush and costly 
Wilton carpets. A gorgeous altar, ornamented with sculptured devices of 
the Art, reflects the sacredness of the place; for Masonry is a religious insti- 
tution. Three cunningly carved chairs on a dais, the middle one of which, 
ornamented with two columnar supporters, is for the grand master — three 
canopies with masonic designs hanging over them, above which the rising sun 
is delineated on the ceiling ; Ionic, Doric and Corinthian pillars of a perfect 
order before the stations of the three first officers in the east, west, and south ; 
the picture of the meridian sun, and the setting sun above the seats of the 
grand wardens ; the marble statues of Faith, Hope, Charity and Wisdom, 
placed on pedestals in niches at the four corners of the room, a gift of Gen. 
William Sutton, past S. G. W. ; the four columns in the west serving as 
an ornament to the hall and a screen before the organ ; a representation of 
Tacita, Goddess of Silence, an emblem worthy of a conspicuous place in the 
halls of congress ; four portraits in panels above the niches, viz. : of Wash- 
ington, Warren, Lafayette and Franklin ; four pictured seals, particularly 
that of Lord Viscount Montague, Grand JNIaster of England, from whom, in 
1733, this Grand Lodge derived its charter to Henry Price its first G. M., — 
all these are among the ornaments, emblems and memorials, thus briefly 
grouped together in this outline of Corinthian Hall, where more than two 
hundred lodges are represented in the sessions as a masonic legislature. 

The Egyptian Hall, which with the Gothic above it is of similar 
dimensions with the Corinthian, is in the third story. It is a picturesque 
piece of architecture, and allures the eye by its novelty and elaborate finish, 
with massy columns surmounted by bell-shaped capitals on which are sculp- 
tured the palm-leaf, the lotos, and faces of Isis. The ceiling is blue, spark- 
ling with golden stars ; from the centre of which hangs a large chandelier 
• of forty lights. Sculptures of various objects, and emblems in the Egyptian 

1872.] The J^ight at Diamond Island, 147 

style predominate ; and two pillars in the east adorn the sides of the throne 
of the high priest, on which are inscribed some hieroglyphics, which, since 
the wonderful discovery of a key by Champollion, are found to be the letters 
used by the ancient priesthood of Egypt. A translation of this inscription 
accompanies them. The words are written in perpendicular lines, — such 
was the ancient Egyptian, and is the Chinese mode of writing. The 
inscription on these pillars is a copy from oile on the obelisk of Luxor now 
standing in the Place de la Concord in Paris. The furniture and fittings 
of this hall are in character with the rest. 

A bird's eye glance must suffice to look at the halls of the three comman- 
deries — the Boston, De Molay and St. Bernard in the fourth story ; the two 
last of which are ornate with chivalric emblems and rich furniture. But 
the Gothic Hall, with its arched ceiling, foliated bosses, deep mouldings 
and columns ; its panels portraying the escutcheons of knighthood ; its pic- 
torial banners representing knights on horse-back or the cross of Palestine; 
and the gallant form of the last commander of the Knights Templars, Jaques 
de Molay, on a conspicuous panel, must awaken sublime emotions in the 
bosom of the beholder, who is familiar with the history of the crusades, 
which, Hume says, " shook all Europe to its foundations." 

The Banquet Hall only remains to be noticed. It occupies the fifth 
story, is well arranged and furnished for the accommodations of those 
crowded festal gatherings consecrated to the two holy St. Johns. 

Had space allowed, it would have been gratifying to have recurred to 
those, who gave their time, talents or credit to this great work ; but their 
names are written not only on the records, but on the hearts of the brethren. 
Already we see, in Corinthian Hall, the marble busts of Charles AY. Moore 
and William Sutton ; and on the walls are hung the portraits of past Grand 
Masters, Winslow Lewis, John T. Heard, William Parkmau and Charles 
C. Dame ; also of past D. G. M. Marshall P. AVilder. 


Communicated by the Rev. B. F. DeCosta, of New-York. 

Standing upon one of the heights near the head or southern end of Lake 
George, the tourist looks down on the placid waters, and sees at his feet a 
little island covered with verdure, and glowing like an emerald in the summer 
sheen. This is Diamond Island,^ one of the best known of the many exquisite 
isles that gem the little inland sea. 

From time immemorial it has borne its present name, derived from the 
exquisite crystals with which the underlying rock abounds. Here is the 
scene of the fight which took place on this lake, Sept. 24, 1777, an occurrence 
that api)ears to have been purposely overlooked by the Americans at the 
time, and which has since failed to find a chronicler.^ 

^ Silliiiian, who was here in 1819, says : "The crystals are harrlly surpassed by any in the 
world for transjiarency and perfection of form. They are, as usuni, the six-sided prism, and 
are fnqiu ntly terminated at both ends by six-sided pyrandds. Tliese last, of course, must 
be fuuiid loose, or, at least, not adhering' to any n>ck ; those which are broken off have 
nece-sarily only one pyramid." — Silliman's Travels, p. lo.'i. 

2 Thi> iilfair was alluded to l)y the English, thonf,di the Americans said nothing?. Among 
recent writers, I have fcnmd no notice beyond that by Los>in^' in his Field Book, vol. i. p. 
114. When the present writer composed his work on Lake George he had not found the 
oflBcial account by Col. Brown. 

148 The Fight at Diamond Island. \^k^n\ 

But before proceeding to give the narrative of this event it may be well 
to speak of several other points, and to make a brief statement of the military 
situation at that time. 

First comes the question of the discovery of Lake George by the 
Euroi)eans. According to tlie best knowledge that we possess, its waters 
were first seen by a white man in ^the year 1G4G.^ It is true Champlain 
tells us that he saw the falls at the outlet of the lake in 1G09, yet there is 
nothing whatever to indicate that he visited the lake itself, though the 
Indians had informed him of its existence. It is reasonable, therefore, to 
conclude that Lake George was seen for the first time by a European, May 
29, 1640,^ when it received its name, "Lake Saint Sacrament," from the 
Rev. Isaac Jogues, S. J., who, in company with Jean Bourdon, the celebrated 
engineer, was on his way south to effect a treaty with the Mohawks. 
Arriving at the outlet of the lake on the evening of Covpus Christi, they 
gave it the above name in honor of this festival, which falls on the Thursday 
following Trinity Sunday, and commemorates the alleged Real Presence of 
Christ in the Great Sacrament. 

From this time until 1755 the lake was rarely visited by Europeans. At 
this period the French commenced the fortifications of Ticonderoga, while 
the English met the advance by the construction of Fort William Henry at 
the opposite end of the lake. 

We pass over the struggles that took place on these waters during the 
French wars, and come to the period of the revolution, when a feeble 
English garrison held j^ossession of Ticonderoga, while Capt. Nordberg lived 

* See Relations des Jesuites, 1646, p. 15. 

' Mr. Parkman, in his work on The Jesuits in America (p. 219), has indeed stated that 
Father Jogues ascended Lake George in 1642, when, in company with Pere Goupil, he was 
carried awa}' a prisoner by the Indians. 

The opinion of Mr. Parkman is based on a manuscript account of that journey, taken down 
from Father Jogues's own lips by Fatlier Buteux. The account, after describing the 
journey southward and over Lake Cliamplain, wliich occupied eight days, says that they 
"arrived at the place where one leaves the canoes" (ouVonquittelescanots), and then 
"marched southward three days by land," until they reached the Mohawk villages. But 
there is nothing whatever in the description, by which we can recognize a passage over 
Lake George, nothing about the portage, the foils, nor the outlet. Everything turns chiefly 
on the fact that they arrived at the place where one leaves the canoes. This place, it is 
assumed, was the head of Lake George, from whence there was a trail southward. Now in 
regard to the existence of such a trail at that period, there can be no doubt; yet uuques- 
tional)ly it was not the only trail followed by the Indians. The old French map shows two 
trails to the Mohawk villages, one from the head of Lake George, and the other from the 
South-west Bay. 

It is true that Champlain, in 1609, intended to go to the Mohawk country, by Lake 
George, yet at the period of Jogues's ca])tivity we have no account of any one taking that 
route. Father Jogues himself clearly did not cross the lake in 1646. It is distinctly said 
that they arrived at the end of the lake (bout de lac) on the eve of the Festival of St. 
Sacremetit, when they named the lake, and the next day went south on foot, carrying their 
packs on their backs. This is the view given by every one who has treated the subject in 
print, including Mr. Parkman himself. 

To this it has been answered that bout de lac alway means the Jiead of the lake, and that 
the terms are so used in the Relations ; yet if we return to the Relation of 1668 (vol. iii. 
p. 5), detailing the journey of Fathers Fremin, Pieron and Bruyas, we lind that this is not 
the cai^e. The writer there says that while he and others delayed on an island in Lake 
Champlain, the boatmen went forward, "landing at the enrf of the Lake (bout de lac) du 
St. Sacrenient, and preparing for tlie portage." At this place, the north end of the lake, 
there is a heavy portage, in order to get around the Falls of Ticonderoga. In the next 
sentence he again calls tliis end of the lake, which is the north end or outlet, bout de lac. 
But we have also to remind the reader, that the place where Father Jogues left his canoe, in 
1646, was at the north end of tlie lake (the foot), which he, like the others, calls bout do lac. 
The language is so translated by Parkman and others who have mentioned the circuni'^tance. 
Bout de lac, in the Jesuit Relations, therefore does not moan the head of the lake. We see, 
then, that we have not sulUcient reason for suiiposing that "the i)lace where one leaves the 
canoes" meant the head, or south end of Lake George, and couscqucutly that the alleged 
passage over the lake by Jogues, in 1642, is indefensible. 

1872.] The Fight at Diamond Island. 149 

in a little cottage at the head of the lake, being the nominal command of 
tenantless Fort George. With the commencement of the struggle for liberty, 
Lake George resumed its former importance as a part of the main highway 
to the Canadas, and by this route our troops went northward, until the tide 
turned, and our own soil, in the summer of 1777, became the scene of fresh 
invasion. Then Burgoyne's troops poured in like a flood, and for a time 
swept all before them. It was at this period that the fight at Diamond 
Island took place. 

Burgoyne had pushed with his troops, by the Whitehall route, far to the 
southward of Lake George, being determined to strike at Albany, having 
left but a small force at Ticonderoga, a handful of men at Fort George, and 
a garrison at Diamond Island to guard the stores accumulated there. Seeing 
the opportunity thus broadly presented, Gen. Lincoln, acting under the 
direction of Gates, resolved to make an effort to destroy Burgoyne's line of 
communication, and, if possible, capture his supplies. To this end, he 
despatched Col. John Brown with a force to attack Ticonderoga, an enter- 
prise which, though attended with partial success, failed in the end. To this 
failure he subsequently added another, which resulted from the fight at 
Diamond Island. 

But since the printed accounts of the attack upon Ticonderoga are almost 
as meagre as those of the struggle at the island, we will here give the official 
report, which is likewise to be found among the Gates Papers, now in the 
possession of the Historical Society of New- York, prefacing the report, 
however, with the English statement of Burgoyne. 

In the course of a vindication of his military policy, Gen. Burgoyne writes 
as follows : 

"During the events stated above, an attempt was made against Ticonderoga by an 
army assembled under Major-General Lincoln, who found means to march with a 
conbiderable corps from Huberton undiscovered, while another column of his force 
passed the mountains Skenesborough and Lake George, and on the morning of the 
18th of September a sudden and general attack was made upon the carrying place at 
Lake-George, Sugar-llill, Ticonderoga, and Mount-Independence. The sea officers 
commanding the armed sloop stationed to defend the carrying place, as also some of 
the officers commanding at the post of Sugar-Hill and at the Portage, were surprised, 
and a considerable part of four companies of the 53d rcf^iment were made prisoners; 
a block-house, commanded by Lieutenant Lord of the 53d, was the only post on that 
side that had time to make use of their arms, and they made a brave defence till 
cannon taken from the surprised vessel was brought against them. 

" After stating and lamenting so fatal a want of vigilance, I have to inform your 
Lordship of the satisfactory events which followed. 

" The enemy having twice summoned Brigadier General Powell, and received such 
answer as became a gallant officer entrusted with so important a post, and having 
tried durinr^ the course of four days several attacks, and being repulsed in all, 
retreated without having done any considerable damage. 

" Brigadier General Powell, from whose report to me I extract this relation, gives 
great commendations to the regiment of Prince Frederick, and the other troops 
stationed at Mount-Independence. The Brigadier also mentions with great applause 
the behaviour of Captain Taylor of the 21st refriment, who was accidentally there on 
his route to the army from the hospital, and Lieutenant Beecroft of the 24th regi- 
ment, who with the artificers in arms defended an important battery.^ 

Such is Burgoyne's account of the attack upon Ticonderoga ; next to 
which comes that of Col. Brown, who for the second time in the course of 
his military experience has an opportunity of exhibiting his unquestioned 
valor. His report to Gen. Lincoln runs as follows : 

1 State of the Expedition from Canada. By Burgoyne. p. xciv. Ed. 1780. 

150 The Fight at Diamond Island, [April, 

" North end of lake George landing. 
"thuredaySep 10"> 1777 

" With great fatigue after marching all last night I arrived at this place at the 
break of day, and after the beet disposition of the men, I could make, immediately 
began the attack, and in a few minutes, carried the place. I then without any loss 
of time detatclied a consideral)le part of my men to the mills, where a greater number 
of the enemy were posted, who also were soon made prisoners, a small number of 
whom liaving taken possession of a block house in that Vicinity were with more 
difficulty bro't to submission ; but at the sight of a Cannon they surrendered, during 
this season of success, Mount Defiance also liell into our hands. I have taken pos- 
session of the old frencli lines at Ticonderoga, and have sent a flag demanding the 
surrender of Ty : and mount independence in strong and peremptory terms. I have 
had as yet no information of the event of Col°. Johnsons attack on the mount. My 
loss of men in these several actions are not more than 3 or 4 killed and 5 wounded, 
the enemy's loss ; is less. I find myself in possession of 293 prisoners. Viz' 2 captains, 
9 subs. 2 Commissaries, non Commissioned officers and privates 143. British 119 
Canadians, 18 artificers and retook more than 100 of our men. total 293, excluRive 
of the prisoners retaken. — The watercraft I have taken, is 150 batteaus below the 
falls on lake Champlain 50 above the falls including 17 gun boats and one armed sloop. 
arms equal to the number of prisoners. Some ammunition and many other things 
which I cannot now ascertain. I must not forget to mention a few Cannon which may 
be of great service to us. Tho : my success has hitherto answered my most sanguine 
expectations, I cannot promise myself great things, the events of war being so dubious 
in their nature, but shall do my best to distress the enemy all in my power, having 
regard to my retreat — There is but a small quantity of provisions at this place which 
I think will necessitate my retreat in case we do not carry Ty and independence — 1 
hope you will use j^our utmost endeavor to give me assistance should I need in 
crossing the lake &c — The enemy but a very small force at fort George. Their boats 
are on an island about 14 miles from this guarded by six companies, having artillery 
— I have much fear with respect to the prisoners, bein^ obliged to send them under 
a small guard — I am well informed that considerable reinforcements is hourly 
expected at the lake under command of Sir John Johnson — This minute received Gen^ 
Powals answer to my demand in these words, ' The garrison intrusted to my charge 

1 shall defend to the last.' Indeed I have little hopes of putting him to the necessity 
of giving it up unless by the force under Colonel Johnson. 

" Gen^ Lincoln . " ^ " John Brown . 

"We now turn to the fight at Diamond Island, giving first the English 
version, simply remarking as a preliminary, that in the postscript of a letter 
address, by Jonas Fay to Gen. Gates, dated Bennington, Sept. 22, 1771, 
is the following : 

"By a person just arrived from Fort George — only 30 men are at that place and 

2 Gun Boats anchor 'd at a distance from land and that the enemy have not more 
than 3 weeks provision." ^ 

"Writing from Albany after his surrender, Gen. Burgoyne says, under the 
date of Oct. 27, that 

"On the 24th instant, the enemy, enabled by the capture of the gunboats and 
bateaux which they had made after the surprise of the sloop, to embark upon Lake 
George, attacked Diamond Island in two divisions. 

"Captain Aubrey and two companies of the 47th regiment, had been posted at 
that island from the time the army passed the Hudson's River, as a better situation 
for the security of the stores at the south end of Lake George than Fort George, 
which is on tlie continent, and not tenable against artillery and numbers. The 
enemy were repulsed by Captain Aubrey with great loss, and pursued by the gun- 
boats under his command to the east shore, where two of their principal vessels were 
retaken, together with all the canncm. They had just time to set fire to the other 
bateaux aud retreated over the mountains." ^ 

J Gates Papers, p. 191. « Ihid. p. 208. 

' i>tute of the Expedition from Canada, p, 53, 

1872.] Tlie Fight at Diamond Island* 151 

This statement was based upon the report made by Lieut. Irwine, the 
commander at Lake George, whose communication appears to have fallen 
into the hands of Gates, at the surrender of Burgoyne. 

Lieut. Geo. Irwine, of the 47th, reports thus to Lieut. Francis Clark, 
aid-de-camp to Gen. Burgoyne : 

"Fort George 24* Sept^ 1777. 

" 1 think it necessary to acquaint you for the information of General Burgoyne, 
that the enemy, to the amount ot two or three hundred men came from Skenesborogh 
to the carrying place near Tyconderoi^a and there took seventeen or eighteen Batteaus 
with Gunboatts — Their desii^n was first to attack the fort but considering they could 
not well accomplish it without cannon they desisted from that scheme, they were 
then resolved to attack Diamond Island (which Island Capt. Aubrey commands) and 
if they succeeded, to take this place, they began to attack the Island with cannon 
about \) o'clock yesterday morning, I have the satisfaction to inform you that after a 
cannonading for near an hour and a half" on both sides the enemy took to tlieir retreat. 
Then was Gun boats gent in ])ursuit of them which occasioned the enemy to burn 
their Gun boats and Batteaus and made their escape towards Skenesborough in great 
confusion — we took one Gun boat from them with a twelve pounder in her and a 
good quantity of ammunition — we have heard there was a few kill'd and many 
woundrd of them. There was not a man killed or hurt during the whole action of 
his ^Majesty's Troops. I have the honor to be Sir your most obedient and most 
humb''-' Ser' 

" Geo^ Irwine Com at Fort George 

We now turn to the hitherto unpublished report of Col. Brown, who 
reports as follows, not without chagrin : 

" Skeensboro Friday 11 o'clock, a m. Sep* 26'^ 1777 
"Dear Sir 

" I this minute arrived at this place by the way of Fort Ann, was induced to take 
this rout on ac' of my Ignorance of the situation of every part of the continental 

" On the 22 ins* at 4 o'clk P.M. I set sail from the north end Lake George with 20 
Bail of Boats three of which were armed, Viz one small sloop mounting 3 guns, and 2 
British Gun Boats having on Board the whole about 420 Men otticern included with 
a Determined resolution to attack Diamond Island which lies within 5 miles Fort 
George at the break of Day the next Morning, but a very heavy storm coming on 
prevented — I arrived Sabbath Day point abt midnight where I tarried all night, 
during which time I [sic] small Boat in the fleet taken the Day before coming from 
Fort George, conducted by one Ferry lately a sutler in our army, I put Ferry on his 
Parole, Init in the night he fijund Means to escape with his Boat, and informed the 
Enemy of our approach, on the 2.3d I advanced as far as 12 Mile Island, the ^Vind 
continuing too hi,i;h for an attack I suspended it untill the Morning of the 24"' at 9 
oclock at which Time I advanced with the 3 armed Boats in front and the other 
Boats, I ordered to wing to the Kiii;ht and left of Island to attempt a landini; if prac- 
ticable, and to support the Gun Boats in case they should need assintanee, 1 was 
induced to make this experiment to find the streni^th of the Island as also to carry it 
if practicable — the enemy gave me the first fire which I returned in good earnest, 
and advanced as nii;h aH 1 thoui^ht j)ru<lL'nt, 1 soon found that the enemy had been 
advertised of our aj^proach and well jjrepared for our recei)tion having a great num- 
ber of cannon well mounted with good Breast Works, I however appnjached within 
a small Distance giving the P'.nemy as hot a fire as in my Power, untill the hIooj) was 
hulled l)etween wind and AVater and oldiged to toe her off and one of the boats so 
damage<l as I was oljliged to c^uit her in the action. I had two men killed two Mor- 
tally wounded and several others wounded in such Manner as I was obliged to leave 
them under the Care of the Inhabitants, who I had taken Prisoners giving them a 
sufficient reward for their services. 

1 Kun my Boats up a Bay a considerabhi distance and burnt them with all the 
Baggage that was not portable — The Fneniy have on Diamond Island as near as 

» Gates Papers, p. 218. 

152 The F'lglit at Diamond Island, [April, 

could be collected are about three hundred, and about 40 at Fort George with orders 
if they are attacked to retreat to the Island — Gen^ Bur^oine has at)out 4 Weeks 
Provision "with hie army and no more, lie is determined to cut his Road through to 
Albany at all events, for this I have the last autliority, still I think him under a 
small mistake — jMost of the Horses and Cattle taken at ly and thereabouts were left 
in the Woods. Gen' AV'arner has put out a party in quest of them. 

" 1 am Dear S*" wishing you and the 
*' Main Army 

*' great Success your most ob* 
" hum' Ser* 

' ' Jno Brown 
"Gen' Lincoln 

''NB You may Depend on it that after the British Army were supply with six 
Weeks provision which was two weeks from the Communication between Lake 
George and Fort Edward was ordered by Gen' Burgoine to be stored and no passes 

"The attack on the Island continued with interruption 2 Hours." ^ 

Thus ended the fight of Diamond Island ; a fight which, if attended with 
better success, might have perhaps hastened the surrender of Burgoyne, 
and resulted in other advantages to the American arms. As it was, how- 
ever, the Britsh line of communication on Lake George was not broken, 
while the American leaders took good care to prevent this failure from 
reaching the public ear through the press. Thus Col. Brown's reports to 
Gen. Lincoln remained unpublished. They have now been brought out to 
be put on permanent record, as interesting material for American history. 

To-day the summer tourist who rows out to this lovely isle, which com- 
mands delightful views of the lake far and wide, will see no evidences of the 
struggle, but w^ill find the very atmosphere bathed in perfect peace. Of 
relics of the old wars, which for more than a hundred j'ears caused the air 
to jar, and echoing hills to complain, — there are none. The ramparts that 
once bristled with cannon have been smoothed away, and the cellar of an 
ancient house is all the visitor will find among the birches to tell of the 
olden occupancy of man. 

Scripture Names in Baptism. — The following, from the 1599 London Edition of 
the Geneva Bible, shows the origin of the custom of using Scripture names in bap- 
tism. J. w. T. 

" Whereas the wickednesse of time, and the blindnesse of the former age had 
beene such that all things together have beene abused and corrupted, so that tiie very 
right names of divers of the holy men named in the Scriptures, have beene forgotten, 
and now seeme strange unto us, and the names of infants, that should ever have 
some godly advertisements in them and should be memorials and niarkes of the 
children of God received into His household, have beene hereby also changed, and 
made the signes and badges of idolatry and heathenisii impictie, we have now set 
forth this Table of the Names that be most used in the Old Testament, with their 
interpretations, as the Hebrew importeth, partly to call backe the godly from that 
abuse when they shall know the true names of the Ciiodly Fathers and what they sig- 
niiie, that their children now named after them, may have testimonies by their very 
names, that they within that fiiithfull familie in all their doings had ever God 
before their eyes, and that they are bound by these their names to serve God from 
their infancie and have occasion to praise Him for His works wrought in them and 
their fathers." 

» Gates Papers, p. 220. 

1872.] Record-Boole of the First Church hi Charlestown, 







— Pago 232 {concluded from page 54 in Register). — 

lo. [Sufanna] y® daughter of mr Blaney & of Sarah his 










[Katharine] y« daughter of m'' Jonathan Wade, and ^yade.' 
I of Deborah his wife. — — — 

[John] ye fon of ni^ James Ruffell & of Mabel hiS|Ruffell. 
I wife. I 

[John] ye fon of m^Jno Jones & of Rebekah his wife. Jones. 

[llannuli] ye daughter of Jn^ Call & of Hannah his Call. 
i [wife.! 

[Jof hua] y^ fon of bro : Jolni Kent, & of Hannah Kent. 

[his wiie. 

[Deborah] y® daughter of m"" Giles Fifield — — Fifield. 

[Xathaneel] ye fon of inr Xath: Wade, & of Mercy ^ 
j his wife (i.e. ye daughter of y<^ Worf hipfull > Wade. 
I Simon Bradftreet) of y^ ch in Andover: ) 

[Elifabeth] y^ daughter of Xathaneel Cutler — Cutler. 

[John] ye fon of m"" Zechary Long & Sarah his wife Long. 

[Rebekah] ye daughter of m'^ Hannah Trerice. Trerice. 

[mercy] y^ daughter of Thomas Moufal & mary his Moufal : 
1 [wife : 

yeer <fc 


1673. ' 


8. 1 
































The Baptized. — Page 233. — 

[John] v^ fon of Xathaneel Rand &of ^Marvhis wife. 

[John] 'I & [Henry] | & [Richard] | & [Xicholas] 

y*^ children of Henry Salter, & Hannah his wife. 

[Mary] ye daughter of Daniel Edmunds & of Mary 

[his wife. 
[Eliflibeth] ye daughter of Zcchariah Johnlbn. ^-^^^ 
[Anne] ye child of m'^ Hunting, of ye c^^ of Dcdham. 
[Richard] ye fon of Richard Taylor & of Anne his 

[Sarai] ye daughter of John Lowden, & Sarah his 

[Jolm] y^ fon of John Knight, & of liis wife. 

[Hannah] ye daughter of Luke perkins & Hannah 

[his wife. 
[Hannah] ye daughter of Xathaneel Frothingham 

[and Mary his wife. 
[Abigail] ye daughter of John Fowl & Anna his 

[Elifabeth] ye daughter of Edw'^ Wilfon & Mary 

[his wife. 
[Lienor] ye daughter of mr Tiio : Jenner & of 

[Rebekah his wife. 
[Thomas] - - | & [Eliphelet | & [Dorothe] 

ye children of Thomas Hitt c^ of Dorothie his 

[Elifabeth] yc daughter of Sam' Frothingham, & of 

[Ruth his wife. 



Johnfon : 
Hunting. — 











Vol. XXVI. 

[Elenor] y^ daughter of m^ W Wellsted & Mehitabel 

[his wife. 

[Elifabeth] y« daughter of m"" phil : Knell tfc RuthJvnelL 

[his wife.' 

' Salter, entry in four lines MS. 

154 Record- Book of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 










reer: & 









































































— Page 233 (concluded) . — j 

[Elifabetli] ye daugliter of m'' iieh : Willouirhby &.WiIloughby j 

[Al)if]jail his wife 
[Abigail] ye daughter of mr James Elfoii & SarailElfon.'. 

[his wife.. j 

[Anna] y® daughter of m"" Joseph Lynd, & otSarai Lynd. 

[his wife. j 

The Baptized. 

Pasre 234. — 

[Elifabeth] ye daughter of mr Timothy S^ymmes, & 

[of P^lifabeth his wife, 
[Abigail] ye daughter of bro : Thomas Lord, & of 

[Alice his wife 
[Abigail] y® daughter of William Hurrey & of 

[Hannah his wife : 
[William] ye fon of Thomas Rand & of Sarai his 

[Thomas] y® fon of m'^ Jno Jones & of Rebekah his 

[Elifabeth] ye daughter of m"* Jn^ Chickring & of 

[E ifabeth his wife. 
[Jonathan] ye fon of John Fofket, & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of Matthew GrifBn, & Hannaii 

[his wife. 
[Thomas] ye fon of Thomas Moufal & of Mary his 

[wife : 
[Joseph] ye fon of Henry Balcom & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 
[Jofeph] ye fon of Jofiah Wood, & of Lydia his Avife : 
[Solomon] ye fon of Solomon Pliips & Mary his wife. 
[Jofeph] ye fon of Jofeph Kettle, & of Hannah his 

[Jofeph] ye fon of m'^ Henry Philips & Mary his 

[wife of Bo ft on c^ 
[John] ye fon of peter Frothingham & of Mary his 


[mercie] ye daughter of John Boy, & of EhTabeth 

[his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of mr John Phillips & o( 

[Katharine his wife. 
[Abigail] ye wife of mr Daniel Davifon — — 
[prudence] ye daughter of m"" Tho : Ruffell & 

[prudence his wife. 
[Abigail] y® daughter of John Fowl & of Anna his 

[wife : 
[John] ^ 

[Samuel] ! y® children of Alexander Steward ) 
[Hannah] j & of Hannah his deceafed wife. ^ 
[Margaret] J 

[John] y« ion of bro : John Dowfe & of Relief his 

[William] y® fon William Brown, & of Mary iiis 

[Aaron] y^ fon of Aaron Way & of Maiy his wife. 







Fofket : 







Philips. - 

Frothing- I 



Davifon : 




1872.] Record-Book of ike First Church in Charlestown, 


Sh: ' 1 


Sh : ' 1 : 

veer & 






























i : 


























5 : 





























The Bapltzed. — Page 235 — 

[Jfaac] ye fun of couf. m"" Jolin Long, & of Mary 

[his wife. 

TEdward] ) ^i-ii rri t ^ • ,p ri 

r T J 1 r v^ children of John Larkm -^ tv oi / 

^i> 1 .-I V Jolianna his wile — — — S 

[Robert] ) ■' 

[l)hilip] ye fon of n^r ])hllip Knill, & of Uuth his wife. 

[Sarahl v« daiij^hter of n\^ JiV^ Blanev & of Sarah 

[his wife : 

[Ronjamin] y^ fon of Samuel & Mary pierce. — 

K^ ' ^ xi ( y^ children of Elias INIaverick ) 

Marij:aret >•' p r at * i • t } — 

ri^rr^ *i V C & of Mar<>;aret his wile. S 
[LlilahethJ ) 

[Samuel] ye fon of Thomas Hitt, & of Dorothe his 


[Samuel] \^ fon of John Knight. — — — — 

[Timothy] y^ fon of Nathaneel Cutler, & of Elisab : 

[his wife. 

[Bonjamin]ye fon of y^ R^' m*" Samuel ^ of Billerecai.*. 

Whyting & of Dorcas his wife S — — — 

[Job] y6 fon of William Brown, & of J\Iary his wife : 

[Jacob] y^ fon of peter Fowl & Mary his wife. — 

[Elifabeth] y^ daughter of Timothy Cutler, & Elifa- 

[heth his wife. 

[Josepli] y^ fon of John Walker & of Anna his wife. 

[Joseph] y*' fon of John Kent & of Hannah his wife. 

[Thomas] y^ fon of John ]\Iarf hall & of Mary his 

[wife, of Billerecai c'* 

[Jephts] y^ fon of Zechariah Johnfon & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 

[Thomas] y^ fon of Xathaneel Frothingham & of 

[Mary his wife. 

[Thomas] y^ fon of mr Giles Fifield. — — — 

[Samuel] y^ fon of Samuel Frothingham & Ruth his 

[wife : 

[Zechariah] y^ fon of Zechariah Ferris & of 

[his wife. 

[Abigail] y® daughter of m"" Daniel Davifon & 

[Abigail his wife. 

The Baptized. — Page 236 

[Samtiel] y*' fon of Xatlianecl Rand — — — 
27. |[Jofeph] y^ fon of John Lowdcn & of Sarah his wife. 
& l[Efther] y^ daughter of bro : Juliii Call & Hannah 

[his wife. 












Mar f hall : 











12: [Elifabeth] y** wife of Zechariah Johnfon. — — 'Johnfon 
& [Johanna] y^ daughter of Jn,, Larkin & of Johanna Larkin. 

[his w. 
ah] ? the chihlren of Samuel Bickncr, & 
am] ^ of Hannah his wife. — — — 
[Zechariah] y« fon of Edward Wier & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 


^ [Hanna 
) [Willia 



Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestowrim [April, 



























of Andover. 

— Page 236 {concluded). — 
[Nathaneel :] ? y^ children of Jn^ Goodwin & of 
[Martha :] ^ Martha his wife — — — — 
[Katharine] y« daugliter of couf. x\V Zech : Symes 

[& Sufanna his wife. 
[Alice] y® daughter of Richard Taylor & of Anne 

[his wife : 
^ twins: y'' children of m'" 
[Simon] f Nathaneel Wade & of 
[Sufanna] I Mercy his wife (worfi^ 
) Simd Bradstreets d^r 

[Mary] y® daughter of Luke perkins & of Hannal 

[his wife 
[Relief] y® daughter of John Dowfe, & of ReHef 

[his wife. 
[Edward] y^ fon of mr Will : Marfhall, & of Mary 

[his wife. 
[Anna] y® daughter of Jn° Walker & of Anna his 

[Nathan] y^ fon of m^ Nathan Heman, & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 

FAl 'cT 11 V ^^ children of Jacob Cole r 

[=TT '=' in C & of Sarai his wife.". C 
[Hannah] ) ) 

[Mary] ) y® children of Chriftopher Goodwin ? 

[Hannah] ^ & of Mercy his wife, ^^^^.^^.^^vy ) 

[Thomas] ye fon of Jn^ Wilder : of Lancafter : 
yet not in fuU communion there, but only renewing 

[Nathaneel] y® fon of bro: Jofeph Frost & of Hannah 

[his wife. 


















yeer & 


















1 f 





The Baptized. ~ Page 237 

Samuel] y® fon of Samuel Dowfe & of Hannah his 

Edward] y^ fon of Mofes Newton & of Joanna ) 

ye children of Samuel 
& of Elifabeth his wi 

Lord. I 
fe. \ 

his wife, of ye ch of xt in Marlburroug 

Mary] y^ daughter of Abel Benjamin, & of ? 

Amethia his wife. — — ^ 

Rachel] ye daughter of Richard Afting, & ) 

of Abigail his wife. — — ^ 
Ruth] ye daughter of Josiah Wood, & of Lydia his 

Abigail] ye daughter of Ifaac Fotvl & of Beriah 

[his wife. 
Maud] y^ daughter of m'^ James Rufsell, & of 

[Mabel his wife, 
Samuel] y^ fon of Edward Willfon, & Mary his wife. 
Joanna] y® daught^ of m*" Jofeph Lynd, & of Sarai 

[his wifi'. 
Katharine] y® daughter of va^ Tho : Tuck, & of 

Elifabeth his wife : — 
Sarai] y® daughter of nir Timothy Symmes, & of 
Elifabeth his wife. — — 










1872.] Record-Boole of the First Church in Charlestown* 





















veer, & 


— Page 237 (concluded). — 
27. ![Ebenezer] y*^ fon of m'' Samuel Hunting & of ( 
I Hannah his wife of y« c'^ of xt in Dedhani : < 
3. [Ifaac] y® fon of Ifaac Fowl, & of Beria his wife. 
24. {[Abigail] y^ daughter of Elias Maverick & of 
I [Margaret his wife. 

1. [Deborah] y^ daughter of Thomas Rand & of Sarai 

[his wife. 
8. : [Jonathan] y^ fon of m** Zechary Long & of Mary ) 
his wife a member of y® e'* in Newbury. ^ 

29. [Alice] y<^ daughter of Thomas Moufal & of Mary 

[his wife, 
12. '[Sarai] y^ daughter of Zechary Ferris, & of his 

26. j [Thomas] y® fon of Solomon Phips & of Mary his 


31. I[Eleazer] y« fon of Ifaac Johnfon & of Mary his 

I [wife. 

& [Mary] y« daughter of Ifaac Johnfon & of Mary his 

i [wife. 




Long : — 












day. The Baptized : — Page 238 — 

21. [John] y® fon of Abel Benjamin & of Amethia his Benjamin. 

11. [John] ye fon of m'^ William AVellfteed, & of Wellfteed. 

[Mehetabell his wife. 
18. [Jacob] y^ fon of Jacob Cole, & of Sarai his wife. Cole. 
25. [Elifabeth] y^ daughter of m'" Nathan Heman & of Heman : 

[Elifabeth his wife 




Is. [Elifabeth] ye daughter of Joseph Kettle & of Kettle. 

[Hannah his wife. 
1. [Samuel] y^ fon of Samuel BIckner & of Hannah his Bickner. 

15. [Samuel] [ & [John] | & [Stephen] ] & [Thomas] Fofdick.» 

I & [ffonathan] the fons of John Fofdick 
& [Mary Branfon] ye daughter in law of Jn^ Fofdick. Branfon. 
& [Anna] y^ daughter of John Fofdick : Fofdick. 

& [Hannah] y*" wife of o*" brother James INIiller : Miller. 

& [Mary George] y« daugliter of Goodwife Harbour : George : 
& [Nathaneel] y*^ fon of Nathaneel Davis & of Mary Davis. 

[his wife 
29. [Joanna] y^ daughter of ra"" Daniel Davifon &of Davifon. 

[Abigail his wife. 
& [Ifaac] ye fon of Ifaac Johnfon & of Mary his wife. Johnfon. 
27. [Anna] y^ daughter of n\^ Jn" Blaney & of Sarah Blaney. 

[his wife. 
& [Mary] ye daughter of Aaron Way & of Mary his Way. 

3. [Katharine] ye daughter of couf. m^ John Long & Long.*. 

[of Mary his wife. 
& [Rebekah] ye daughter of G Allen: of ye c^ of Allen: 

liancafter : 
10 [Sufanna] y® daughter of m*" Jonathan Wade, & of Wade. 
I [Deborah his wife.| 

Vol. XXVI. 

• In the MS. five linef. 

158 Record-Boole of the First Church in Charlcstown. [April, 


yeer & 














The Baptized : — Page 230 — 

M" Sufanna Toinpfon, y^ wife of m'" Benjamin 


I )igai J / yC(.lHl(lrenofm'"BcniaminTomp- f 
[buianna > -^ r o c u r i- t c 

y \ -1 -■ C fun & of bufauna bis wile. \ -' 
[AnnaJ ) ^ 

y® children of Jolin Baxter 
& of Hannah his wife. 


— Counts. 


[Elil\ibeth]' ye daughter of Will™ Vine, & of 

[P^lifabeth his wife. 

V(^ ^ .-. -^ r y* children of Edward Counts 

rT?rr v n t C & of Sarai his wife — — 
[Llifubeth] ) 

[Mary] \^ daughter of G : Joseph Stowers. 

[John] ye fon of m^ Jno Goofe & of Sarai his wife. 

[Joel] y® fon of John Whittamore & of Mary his 


[Mary] y^ daughter of m^ Jn^ Goofe, & of Sarai 

[his wife. I 

[Hannah] y^ daughter of James Miller & of Hannah 

[his wife. 

[John George] (a young man y® fon of Goodwife 


[Mary] ye wife of James ISIillar. — — — — Millar. 

[James]'| & [Mary] | & [Robert] | & [Job] | & 

[Abraham] | is, [Ifaac] j & [Mery] | & [Jane] | \ 

the children of James Millar & of Mary his wife.*. \ Millar.' 








yeer & 



















the children of William Everton 
& of Sarai his wife : 

The Baptized. — Page 240 — 

[Elifabeth] ye daughter of Edw^ Willfon & of ]\rary 

• [his wife. 

[Jacob] ye fon of peter Fowl & of Mary his wife. 
[Hannah] ye daught^ of Jofeph Froft & of Hannah 

[his wife. 

[Thomas] ye fon of Thomas Larkin, & of Elifabctl 

[his wife. 
[John] ? ye children of ye widdow Elifiibeth 

[Katharine] \ [Dean. 

[Samuel] ye fon of Thomas Carter & of Efther his 

[David] Y> fon of m" Katharine Anderfon. 
[Eliezer] ye fon of John Fowl, & of Anna his wife: 
[John] ye fon of John Goodwin, & of Martha his 

[John] y° fon of m"" Jn** Jones, & of Rebekah his 


» In tho MS. eight lines. 











1872.] Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts Bay. 159 




Communicated by Hon. William A. Saunders, of Cambridge. 

The forowing interesting correspondence is printed from a copy in the hand-Tvrit- 
inir of the Kcv. Abiel Holmes, D.D., author of The Annols of America. Our readers 
will ap|)recuite its value. A memoir and portrait of Gov. Hutchinson will be found 
in the Register, vol. i. pp. 297-310. For notices of the Rev. Ezra Stiles, D.D., the 
Rev. Dr. Hohnes and most of the other persons mentioned. Bee Drake's new Dic- 
tionary of American Biography. — j. w. d. 

[Thomas Hutchinson.] 

Boston 15 Feb. 17G4. 
Ret*'. Sir, 

My good friend M'. Chesebrongh mentioned to me some time 
ago that YOU was employing some part of your time in a History of the 
Country ; but whether it was a general history of the Colonies or of any 
one in particular, and whether your plan was large and circumstantial, or 
compendious and more general, he did not acquaint me. I have spent some 
time in a work of this nature, which I have now ready for the press, but is 
very much confined to the Massachusetts Bay. The other colonies which 
sprang from it I have touched upon to shew their rise and have there, left 
them, except when their affairs were connected with those of Massachusetts. 
I have at first been more minute in the characters and other circumstances 
relative to our first Settlers, but afterwards have confined myself pretty much 
to our political history, having for some years been collecting wdiat materials 
I could fur this purpose. I have come down no lower than 1G92, the time 
of our settlement under our present charter. I have a chapter upon the 
ecclesiastical constitution of the colony, another upon the system of laws, 
and conclude with an account of the natives and the condition they w^ere in, 
and their customs and manners when the English first arrived. I have en- 
deavoured for as much new matter as I could from manuscripts and such 
authors as are quite forgot to render a work so little interesting as this must 
be from the nature of it, as entertaining as possible. The whole including 
several original letters and other manuscripts will make a volume of near 
500 pages in quarto. How far it will interfere with your design you will 
be abhi to judge. If I had known that a gentleman of your tak;nts was 
engaged in a work of this nature, I should not have thought there would 
have been occasion for my employing myself in the same way. My materials 
would have been better improved in your hands than in my own. 1 intend- 
ed to have published the work here, but as there is some probability of my 
going to England in a few months, I shall suspend the publication until that 
matter is determined. I am, with great esteem, 

Your most obedient servant 

Tho. Hutchinson. 

160 IIutchlnsoTi' s History of Massaclimetts Bay, [April, 

[Ezra Stiles.] 

Newport May 7, 1764. 


I wish I had as good an excuse for deferring the acknowledgment of 
the honor you did me in your Letter of 15'''. of February last, as Selden, 
who for a year delayed an answer to the celebrated Vossius with the book 
De Historicis Romanis, that he might remit him the Chronological Inscrip- 
tions on the Marmora Arundelia then lately arrived from Asia. I had 
thought indeed to have taken the Hberty of suggesting some things to your 
Honor, which it becomes the modesty I ought to possess, and especially the con- 
fidence due to your abilities, to suppress. You have done me an unexpected 
condescension in writing me a plan of your work, apprehending I was employ- 
ed in the same or a like design. You do not know, sir, with how much pleasure 
I understood the History of the Massachusetts Bay was written by an 
English native of New England, a Descendant of the first accession, and a 
Gentleman of your eminence, but above all of your Honor's abilities — if I 
should not be deceived in conceiving you, like M'. Agent Dummer^ a friend 
to Charter Liberties : for such an one only, in my opinion, can justly write 
the History of New England. It is not to be expected that an European 
of the present age (or until the third generation) can do justice to the history 
of the American Provinces, especially their Infant Plantation, the Initia 
tantce oriundce Rei tantique fiitari Imperii^ as I think Livy expresses it. 
This was a principal inducement to my employing the leisure of a few years 
past in collecting materials for a part or the whole of the British American 
History. But on what particular plan to form it, to what comprehension to 
extend it, I had not fully determined. In general I designed something, 
that in doing justice to my native Country might have survived the oblivion 
which swallows up many historical productions. My first view (whether I 
had stopped here or proceeded) was to write the History of New England 
as of one entire emigration, people and settlement, to deduce it through the 
civil, military, commercial, rural and ecclesiastical changes and revolutions, 
to the late memorable and glorious war, less glorious Peace, and I fear more 
inglorious loss of Charter Privileges : this, which in future History will be 
distinguished as the Period of Liberty, I purposed to have written. But I 
had rather been discouraged for some time before I heard your Honor was 
engaged in a thing of the kind — partly because I greatly doubt my possess- 
ing the true historic genius, as to perspicuity of narration, and precision of ideas 
in adjusting and connecting the several parts so that the whole might rise to 
view without intricacy or confusion ; I doubted also my purity of mind and 
impartiality for some interesting descriptions and accounts. I was also 
partly and principally dissuaded from the unavoidableness of personal and 
provincial offences in tracing recent events to their sources, and deriving 
them up to the true springs of action (a thing, I presume, which has dissuad- 
ed your Honor from deducing your history [no] lower than about the Revo- 
lution). Add to this an immensity of labor, I believe too great for a feeble 
and slender constitution to encounter. Perhaps the most I may ever com- 
plete may be an Ecclesiastical History ; and yet even this is uncertain. 

You readily see. Sir, that to complete my plan of a political or civil His- 
tory I must necessarily wish to see the particular histories of each of the 
Colonies well and amply written, and the facts sufficiently vouched and 

* Jeremiah Dummer, author of the Defence of the Xeto England Charters. — j. w. r>. 

1872.] HLtch'inson' s History of Massachusetts Bay. 161 

authenticated for a transmission to future ages. I wish you may find incli- 
nation and leisure to resume and bring down your History of the Massachu- 
setts beyond 1692 to the present time, at least to prepare it a posthumous 
work. And as the Massachusetts is the greatest part or half of New 
England, which collectively and in their original were very much one people, 
you might easily enlarge your plan to a comprehension of the four New 
England Governments, the primordice of all which you must have already 
written. In which case I will endeavor to procure you some materials for 
Connecticut and Rhode Island, if your Honor shall condescend to accept any 
assistance from me. You would thus write a complete history of an intire 
people, or of one intire emigration and settlement during the period of its 
purest liberty. Your work would review and pass down to succeeding ages 
with a perpetuity of honor and utility which would repay your labors. The 
Grecian Emigration, settled at Syracuse, in a century or two equalled and 
surpassed New England for numbers, perhaps polity, till the Age of Tyrants. 
We should with more pleasure read the intire History of that whole settle- 
ment at the age of 150 years, than of one principal District, or only the 
greater half. There is a pleasure in comprehending a whole. There are a 
Iqw modern events that require purity of judgment and great delicacy, 
yet even these I believe would pass your pen with felicity. In the most 
tumultuous period, Confucius wrote the civil wars of China with success, 
and traced them to the invidious hereditation of provinces and prin- 
cipalities 500 years before, the spirit of which wrought with tumultuous 
efficacy in the age he lived. If you can persuade yourself to encounter the 
risque of a little temporary displicency, to which a faithful modern though- 
well vouched account may be liable, we may hope you will gratify the public 
with 2 quarto volumes instead of one. I shall purchase your work as soon 
as it is printed, and promise myself great satisfaction in it. I am, may it 
please your Honor, with the greatest respect. 

Your Honor's most obedient and very humble servant, 

Ezra Stiles. 
Hon. Lieut. Gov'. Hutchinson, Boston. 

[Thomas Hutchinson.] 

Reverend Sir, Boston 4 July 1764. 

Your obliging letter of 7*'' May I did not receive until 
yesterday. It happened to find me at leisure, which I do not expect to last 
long, and therefore embrace the first opportunity of answering it. I am sorry 
you have conceived so favorable an opinion of my performance. I remem- 
ber the old line, Magnus milii paratus est adversarius expectatio. I shall 
certainly disappoint you in every thing but the historical facts, many of 
which I fancy will be new to you, and yet you will think ought to be pre- 
served. I have let the manuscript rest for 4 or 5 months, expecting an 
answer to my request for leave to go to England where I intended to have 
printed it, but I cannot yet obtain an answer, and am in doubt what it will 
be when it comes. I have therefore laid aside the thoughts of my voyage if 
our Assembly should be disposed to renew their request to me, and shall begin 
to think of printing it here. 

Among other original papers, which I had laid by to print at large at the 
end of my History, is the trial of my Ancestress.^ It is a curious piece, and 

1 The Examination of Mrs. Anne Hiitchinsoyi at the Court at Newtown^ November, 1637, 
was printed by Guv. Hutchinsou as Appendix No. II. in his second volume. — j. w. u. 

162 Hutchinson'' a History of Massachusetts Bay. [April, 

T would not destroy it for ten guineas ; but I doubt whether it is not too 
minute to be favorably received by the world in general. I take the liberty 
to send it to you by my nephew. If you advise to it T will print ; if you 
should think it best not to print it, I am sure it will please you to read it. 
The original is so defaced, that it cost me some pains to copy it. When you 
have convenient opportunity please to return it to me. 

If God spare my life I think I shall put together other materials I have 
collected, and when I set about it will ask the favor of any you are possess- 
ed of, but I have had too great a share myself in our publick affairs for 30 
years past to think of publishing that part of our History. I threaten M'. 
Otis^ sometimes that I will be revenged of him after I am dead. I am, 


Your very humble servant 

Tho. Hutchinson. 

[Ezra Stiles.] 
Sir, Newport, Jan^ 8, 1765. 

I take this first opportunity to acknowledge the honor you have 
done me in sending me the volumes of your History oj the Massachusetts 
Colony. You will not doubt I read it with great pleasure, though as I re- 
ceived it but yesterday I have but half finished the first volume. Some perhaps 
may think that more of the margin might have been interwoven in the body 
of the history. Some things I could wish you a little more copious in : and 
among other things I wish to see the original Instrument, if in being, of the 
Seacoast Partition among the Lords before the Plymouth Company surren- 
dered their Charter 1635. I think Milford and New Haven were settled 
together, but neither from Hartford. The Hartford and Connecticut set- 
tlers begun their western settlement at Stratford river, and so along to 
Greenwich and Rye, &c. The East end of Long Island and Towns west 
from Stratford always sent Deputies to Hartford. The Pequots were never 
extinguished, as was said : to this day they subsist a distinct body of about 
300 souls, but without a Sanjumman — they are little less than the Narra- 
gansetts and Mohegans, and larger than the Nihantucs. I have from New 
Haven Records a List of the rateable Estate of that Town about 1643, 
when the number of souls was 420, and the total Estate was £36,307, of 
which Governor Eaton possessed £3000, M'. Davenport £1000, and seven 
persons with these possessed one quarter of the whole. Guilford was a dis- 
tinct Colony or Government at first, they incorporated by a civil as well as 
Church Covenant. 

1 do not know whether M'. Wheelwright's Sermon 1636 or 7 was ever 
printed.'^ I have a MS. copy, I believe in M'. Wheelwright's own hand 
writing, brought off by M'. John Coggeshall, and still preserved in that 
family. I have also a copy of the Election Sermon preached by the minis- 
ter of Cambridge, I think M'. Shepard, when M'. Vane was dropped.' 

* The patriot, James Otis. 

2 The famous fast-day sermon of Rev. John Wheelwright, Jan. 19, lfi3fi-7, remained in 
manuscript till 1867, two lumdrcd and thirty years nCtor it was preached, when it was print- 
ed in the April number of Dawson's Historical Magazine, and in the Proceedings of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society. The article in the Historical Magazine was reprinted in 
pamphlet form. — j. \v. i). 

» This sermon was evidently that printed in the Rkgistf.r, vol. xxiv. pp. 361-6. After tho 
nnmb(>r containing this sermon was published, Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D., of 
Hartford, Ct., wrote to the editor as folloAvs : 

" I wui very glad to see in tho IIbgi8Ter for October, Mr. Shopard's own notes of the 

1872.] Hutchinson^ s History of Massachusetts Bay. 163 

Your account has increased my veneration of M'. Cotton's character. He 
was a Father of New England, and a kind of Numa Pompilius in Church 
and State. Governor Winthrop's character reviews well — had been perfect 
but for being too much addicted to persecution : he led this people like an- 
other Moses, and, like him, was treated ill. It is a delicate thing to hit off 
characters with justice. Most have their good and ill. The business of an 
historian is so to paint, that we may know the man and see him as he is. 
You have sometimes taken occasion to contrast the good and evil of charac- 
ter, without pointing out the result, the prevailing and ultimate complexion. 
Is Sir Harry Yane's memory to be honored on the whole because of what 
he did in 1G44? After describing the blemishes, adducing a great and good 
action may strike with so much force as to obliterate the sense of ill, and 
vice versa. It is wise to speak with caution and prudence, but a Genius that 
discerns justly pronounces with boldness. In recent characters it is prudent, 
may be necessary, to leave the reader to comparisons and deductions. En- 
dicot, Yassal, &.Q. are distant. A spirit of dominion secretly and covertly 
operated with too much strength in the Clergy, even in good M^ Cotton, 
&c. and their power and influence were prodigious — the whole power of the 
Magistrates, as a distinct body, depended on them ; and between the power 
of the People and that of the Clergy the Magistrates had a perpetual 
struiTirle, and sometimes were scarce firm enoufjh. The case is now altered, 
since two branches of the Legislature in effect depend on the Crown. 

Though you seem to show cautiousness in characters and motives, yet 
actions personal and public are narrated with perspicuity, and, I believe, 
good intelligence, justice, and impartiality — which is the most essential part 
of history. Pardon and forgive me, Sir, in these remarks, which, I fear, are 
too assuming : and accept my thanks that you have so early as in its second 
Century done your Country the honor to write its History ; and that in a 
manner which will transfuse your name with glory through all the Histo- 
ries and Aijes of America. 

I am your Honor's 

most obedient and devoted servant, 

Ezra Stiles. 
To the Hon. Thomas Hutchinson, Esq. 

Lieut. Governor of the Province of Massachusetts. 

[Thomas Hutchinson.] 

Rev^ Sir, Boston 15 January 1765. 

I am very much obliged to you for your favorable ()})n)ion of 
my book, and more so for your observations upon it. The same remark 

Election Sermon of 1638. The substance of this sermon I found, some twenty years ago, 
amon^' the i)apers of President Stiles in the Library of Yale CoUe^'e, 'extracted with abbre- 
viations from an ancient MS. in the jjossession of the Rev. Mr. Townshend [Thompson ?] 
of Warren.' The ' ancient matmscrij)t' cannot have been Shepard's own, l)Ut was prcjbably 
an ab.-tract of the sermon written out from the short hand notes of some one of his hearers. 
Pres. Stiles, as I have intimated, preserved only tlio substance of these notes, on four small 
quarto pii^rcs, with the caption : ' Mr. Shepnrd's Sermon on the Day of Election, in Boston, 
May '2, 1637.' Here is an error in the date, 1637 U)V 1638, which the f,Mven day of the month 
enabled me to correct. In Mr. Shepard's own notes, as appears by the publication in the 
Re^rister, tliere is an ern^r in the day. The Court of Election in 1638 was held on May 
2d, not May 3rd." 

The diNcref)ancy between the date of the Court of Election and Mr. Shepard's memoran- 
dum (whic)i is i)l;iinly 3) was noticed when the sermon was jjrinted; but it was thought 
possible that the sermon might have been delivered the day after the meeting of tlie Court. 

J. \v. D. 

1G4 Hatclnnson^s History of Massachusetts Bay. [April, 

has been made by others, which you make, of many things being brought 
into tlie Notes, which miglit better have come into the body of the page, 
and 1 am satisfied it is just. I am ashamed to give you the reason of this 
fault, but really it was to save me trouble, finding it easier to insert things 
which occurred to me, after I had passed by the time they related to, in this 
way, than by altering the l)age. I had, from the beginning, determined to 
have large notes, something in the same manner as M^ Harris * has in 
his Life of Cromwell, &c., but I carried it too far. Indeed I wonder more fault 
is not found with the whole performance. I think from my beginning the 
work until I had compleated it, which was about twelve months, I never had 
time to write two sheets at a sitting without avocations by publick business, 
but was forced to steal a little time in the morning and evening, while I was 
in town, and then leave it for weeks together; so that I found it difficult to 
keep any plan in my mind. I have an aversion to transcribing, and except 
the three or four first sheets and now and then a page in w^liich I had made 
some mistake, the rest of the work is rough as I first wrote it. 

I find I have very improperly expressed myself as to M'. Prudden's 
removal from Hartford. He came with his company from Hertford in 
England ; but the reader will be likely to suppose I intended Hartford in 
America. I believe I am right as to Southold. After some time they 
might be included with Connecticut, but the reason given in my manuscripts 
for their uniting is that some of New Haven were owners of the lands at 
Southold, and would not sell them unless the purchasers would unite with them. 

The Pequods were never considered in any public transactions as a tribe 
after the war with them. I did not know that any considerable number 
remained distinct at this day. I fancy they may with propriety enough be 
said to have been extinguished. 

Sir Harry Vane had hard measure in 16G2. Compassion might -lead me 
to too strong an expression. 

I have no talent at painting, or describing characters, I am sensible it 
requires great delicacy. My safest way was to avoid them and let facts 
speak for themselves. I was astonished after reading Robertson's History 
of Scotland, and having settled Mary Stewart's character in my own mind 
as one of the most infamous in History, to find him drawing her with scarce 
a blemish. 

I hope you will be so good when you have gone through as to point out 
to me any errors. M^ Condy ^ to whom I gave the copy, finding the book 
was in demand here, ordered immediately a large impression in England. 
I am sorry for it, because I had not opportunity enough to make several 
amendments, I should have chosen to have made. Care is taken of the 
typographical errors which are numerous, as also some inaccuracies. 

I did not enough consider the present taste for anecdotes. I could have 
enlarged the volume, or made it large enough for two. 
I am with esteem. Sir, 

Your very humble servant 

Tuo. Hutchinson. 

Wheelwright's sermon I have. Shepard's like all others 
of that day I fancy would be but little relished now. 

> Rev. AVilliam Harris, D.D., of Honiton, Eng., author of the lives of James I., Charles 
I., Oliver Cromwell jind llwAi Tetcrs. 
* Jeremiah Condy. See Registku, xix. 254; xxiv. ll'l-. — j. w. d. 

[To be coDtiQued.] 


1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 165 


Proceedings of the Annual Meeting. 

The annual meeting was held at the Society's House, 18 Somerset street, 
Boston, on "Wednesday, January 3, 1872. 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, the president, called the meeting to 
order at three o'clock in the afternoon. 

The following reports were then submitted. 

Report of the Librarian. 

The whole number of bound volumes in the library, as reported 

last year, was ....... 8653 

Added during the year 1871, . . . . 561 

Whole number of volumes at the present time, 9214 
The number of pamphlets reported last year, . 26943 
Added during the year 1871, . . . . 1172 

Whole number of pamphlets at the present time, 28115 

The number of bound volumes added is three hundred and thirty-two 
and of pamphlets three hundred and four, in excess of last year. This does 
not include a large collection of both books and pamphlets presented by Mr. 
Benjamin H. Richardson, of Boston, but which have not yet been placed 
upon the shelves, and are not included in the above enumeration. 

A large collection belonging to the Dorchester Antiquarian Society, has 
been placed with the library of this society. A great number of news- 
papers, photographs, engravings, impressions of colonial seals, framed por- 
traits and manuscripts have been received. 

Of the volumes acknowledged above, 250 were bound volumes of news- 
papers, the gift of Messrs. Addison and Isaac Child, with a carefully pre- 
pared and beautifully executed index of titles, names of editors, publishers, 
etc., by the latter gentleman. 

The bound volumes and many of the pamphlets presented, include matter 
of much value for the purposes for which the library was formed. A full 
list of donors is appended to this report. 

The librarian abstains from remarks in regard to the much needed addi- 
tions to tlie library that would promote its efficiency and tend toward a 
desirable completeness. In the very competent care to which it will be 
entrusted, these ends will receive all practicable attention. 

Jas. F. Hunnet7ell, 


Barnes of donors of books, pamphleiSy etc., during (he year 1871. 

Bound Tamph- 
vola. lets. 

Adams, Simeon P., Boston 1 

Adams, Hon. Charles Francis, Boston 10 

Adams, Rev. Edwin G., Templcton 2 

Allen, Stephen M., Boston 1 

Almack, Richard S., F.R.S., London, Eng. 1 

American News Co., New-York, N. Y. 2 6 

Vol. XXVI. 15 


N. E. Historicj Genealogical Society. 






American Unitarian Association, 



Amory, Thomas C, 



Andrews, Gen. Samuel, 



Antiquarian Society, 



Association Cong. Churches, 


Austin, Hon. Arthur W. 



Baker, Amos 



Baldwin, Byron A. 

Chicago, ni. 


Bancroft, J. M., 

New-York, N. Y. 


Barrett, Hon. James, 

Woodstock, Vt. 


Bates, Mrs. J. A., 



Bicknell, Thomas W., 

Providence, R. I. 


Bill, Ledyard, 

New-York, N. Y. 


Board Public Charities, 

Harrisburg, Penn. 


Boltwood, Lucius M., 

Hartford, Ct. 

Brewer, Prof. Fisk H., 

Chapel Hill, N.C. 

Bright, Jonathan B., 




Brigham, William F., 



Brooks, Rev. Charles, 


Buffalo Historical Society, 

Buffalo, N.Y. 


Bufeh, Francis, Jr., 


Butler, Prof. James D., 

Madison, Wis. 

Cattell, Kev. William, 

Easton, Penn. 

Caverly, Robert B., 



Chicago Historical Society, 

Chicago, 111. 



Child, Messrs. Addison and Isaac, 



Clapp, David & Son, 



Clarke, Robert, 




Clarke, Rev. Dorus, D.D., 



City of Boston, 


City Auditor, 



City of Chelsea, 



Colburn, Jeremiah, 




Cope, Gilbert, 

West Chester, Penn. 


Corey, D. P., 



Cornell, Dr. Wm.M., 




Cutter, William R., 



Cutler, Mrs. B. C, 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Cutler, Rev. Samuel, 



Dawson, Henry B., 

Morrisiania, N. Y. 


Dean, John Ward, 




Deane, Rev. J. Bathurst, F.S.A., 

Bath, Eng. 


DeBernardy, C. W., 

London, Eng. 


De Costa, Rev. B. F., 

New-York, N. Y. 


Dixon, B. Homer, 

Toronto, Canada 


Dorr, J. A. (Estate of), 



Dion, J. 0., 

Chambly Basin, Canad; 



Drake, Samuel G., 



Dudley, Dean, 



Daren, Elnathan F,, 

Bangor, Me. 



A^. E. Historic, Gmealogical Society. 






Durrie, Daniel S., 

Madison. "Wis. 


Du3*ckinck, Evert A., 

New-York, N. Y. 


Dwight, J. S., 



Edes, Harry H., 

Charles town 


Edwards, Henry, 



Ellis, ^Villiam Smith, 

London, Eng. (folios) 


Emery, Rev. S. H., 



Essex Institute, 



Falls, A. J., 

Washington, D. C. 


Futhey, J. Smith, 

AYest Chester, Penn. 


Garrison, Wendell P., 

New-York, N. Y. 


Gibbs, Prof. Wolcott, 



Goodman, A. T,, 

Cleveland, Ohio 


Goodell, Abner C, 



Goss, Elbridge H., 



Green, Dr. Samuel A. 



Hart, Charles H., 

Philadelphia, Penn. 



Handley, Rev. Isaac, 

Mt. Sidney, Va. 


Hayes, John L., 



Hebard, Hon. Learned, 

Lebanon, Ct. 


Heraenway, MissAbbyM., 

Ludlow, Vt. 


Iligginson, Thomas W., 

Newport, R. I. 



Hill, Clement H., 

Washington, D. C. 


Homes, Henry A., 

Albany, N. Y. 


Holland, Rev. Frederic W., 



Holbrook, Albert, 

Providence, R. I. 


Hotchkiss, Frank E., 

New Haven, Ct. 



Howe, Elias, 



Hoyt, Albert H., 



Hoyt, David W., 

Providence, R. I. 


Hudson, Hon. Charles, 



Huntingdon, Rev. E. B., 

Stamford, Ct. 


Iowa State Historical Society, 

Iowa City, Iowa 



Jackson, Dr. Charles T., 




Jenks, George C, 

Concord, N. H. 


Jordan, John, Jr., 

Philadelphia, Penn. 


Kidder, Frederic, 



Kip, Rt. Rev. \Vm. Ingraham, D.D. 

San Francisco, Cal. 


Latrobe, Hon. J. H. B., 

Baltimore, Md. 


Lawrence, Wm. R., 

Longwood (Brookline) 



Lewis, Dr. Winslow, 



Lincoln, Hon. Solomon, 



Lincoln, George, 



Lippincott, J. B., 

Philadelphia, Penn. 


Little, William, 

Manchester, N. H. 


Mass. Horticultural Society, 



Maryland liintorical Society, 

Jialtimorc, Md. 


Maggachusctts Historical Society, 



^IcKenzie, Rev. Alexander, 




Meigs, Gen. M. C, 

Washington, D. C. 



N. E. Historic^ Genealogical Society. 






^liles, Rev. Henry A., D.D., 



^linncsota HiBtorical Socict}', 

St. Paul, Minnesota 


Moore, Mrs. Mary, 

Milford, N. U. 


Mountfort, George, 



Mudge, Alfred & Son, 



New- York State Library, 

Albany, N. Y. 


New- York Gen. and Biog. Society, 

New- York 


New-Hampshire Hist. Society, 

Concord, N. H. 


North, James W., 

Augusta, Me. 


Nelson, Charles H., 

Newbern, N. C. 


Paige, Rev. Lucius R., D.D., 



Paine, Nathaniel, 



Peirce, Gen. Ebenezer W., 



Pennsylvania Hist. Society, 

Philadelphia, Penn. 


Perry, Rev. Wm. Stevens, D.D., 

Geneva, N. Y. 


Pease, Richard L., 

Edgartown, Mass. 


Pease, Austin S., 



Pearce, Stewart, 

Wiikesbarre, Penn. 


Poor, Alfred, 



Potter, Hon. E. R., 

Kingston, R. L 



Preble, Capt. George U., U. S. N., 




Public Library, 



Public Library, 

Cincinnati, Ohio 


Rapid Writer Association, 



Reed, Charles, 




Richardson, Jeffrey, 



Richardson, Hon. William A., 



Robb, James R., 



Rollins, Hon. J. R., 



Russell, Edward, 




Rhode- Island Hist. Society, 

Providence, R. I. 


Register Club, 



Sand ham, Alfred, 

Montreal, C. E. 


Sawyer, E. W., 



Scott, Benjamin, 

London, Eng. 



Sedgwick, C. F., 


Slafter, Rev. Edmund F., 




Sheppard, John H., 



Simmons, George A., 



Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, D. C« 


Smith, Samuel, 



Snow, Rev. T.W., 

Jamaica Plain 



Society of Antiquaries, 

London, Eng. 



State of Massachusetts, 



Strong, Alexander, 



Swett, Hubbard, 

South Boston 



Temple, Rev. J. H., 



Thacher, Peter, 



Thornton, J. Wingate, 




Town Clerk of Wenham, 



N. E. Historic, Gcncaho'lcal Society* 

7 O »/ 


Trustees Town of Melrose, 
Trustees of liingham Library, 
Tuttle, Charles W., 
Tuttle,Rev. Dr. J. F., 
Upham, Roger F., 
Vermont Hist. Society, 
A^'ermont State, 
Washburn, Hon. Emory, 
Warren, G. Washington, 
Weisse, Mrs. Jane L., 
White, Ambrose H., 
Whitmore, William H., 
Wilder, Hon. Marshall P., 
AYilliams, J. F., 
Williams, Robert S., 
Wilbur, Asa, 

Winthrop, Hon. Robert C, 
Winchester, Caleb T., 
Wisconsin State Hist. Society, 
AVoodman, Cyrus, 

Ballard, Joseph, 
Black, James W., 
Chaplin, Charles, 
Cobb, Jonathan H., 
Cutler, Rev. Samuel, 
Davenport, Henry, 
Ellcry, Harrison, 
Gay, Eben F., 
Green, Hon. James D., 
Hall, J. B., 
Hotchkiss, Frank E., 
Matchett, William F., 
Sandham, Alfred, 

Trask, William B., 
Williamson, Hon. J., 










Crawfordsville, 111. 











Charlestown I 























iMadison, Wis. 1 





I file newspapers. 




1 map. 




3 maps. 


Impression seals* 




Engrav'd plates, old tax bills 


Several engraved portraits. 

Portland, Me. 

AVeekly newspapers 

N. Haven, Ct. 

2 maps. 



Montreal, C. E. 

Newspaper cuttings 


Photographs of Montreal. 



Belfast, Me. 


Report of the Committee on the Library. 

During the first three months of the past year the library remained In 
the rented rooms 'of the society, at No. 17 Bromfield street, where it had 
been during the preceding twelve years and a half, having been deposited 
there early in October, l8o8. In the last days of March it was removed 
to the Society's House. The books were classified under the direction of 
the librarian, and such as are in more constant use were placed in the library 
proper, and those that are more rarely called for, together with the dupli- 
cates and the books left to the society by the late Lieut. Gov. Cushman, 
were placed on the shelves in the gallery of the hall. AVhile this removal 
with a better classification of the books has rendered our entire collection 

Vol. XXVI. 15* 

ITO A^. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [ApvU, ; 

easily accessible for the use of our members, it has also made it more obvious | 
to your committee how many valuable and important volumes are still to be \ 
added before the library will be as full as we could desire it, even in the j 
present stage of our progress. The departments of family and local history, ; 
if we restrict the terms to works relating to whole families and to the history ' 
of towns and cities of New-England, are nearly complete. A few additional , 
volumes would render them entirely so. ] 

The books in these two departments have been contributed mostly by their ' 
authors, or by persons in some way interested in the volumes themselves, i 
There is a feeling of loyalty to historical studies on the part of most writers ' 
and publishers of local or fiimily history, which leads them, often unsolicited, ] 
to place their productions in our library. They desire, very properly we ; 
think, that the results of their studies should be made useful to all other 
investigators in the same field. It is a proper and natural method of ! 
acknowledging, and in some measure of repaying the obligations which they ; 
owe, if not to this society, at least to scores of helpers in the progress of ] 
their work. i 

But the other departments of the library are by no means as full as the 
two to which we have referred. We have a limited amount of historical ; 
matter relating to nearly all of the several states of the Union. As these 
are mostly gifts from the friends of the society, coming from altogether 
independent sources, they are to a great extent miscellaneous, and do not < 
embrace any large part of what has been written in reference to any one of j 
the states in question. It will be obvious that an accumulation of books in 
this manner, while they are exceedingly valuable in themselves, and not to ; 
be spared from our collection, cannot be supposed to cover the wiiole sub- ' 
ject to which they relate, since they have not been selected with that end in < 
view. There are consequently many deficiencies in the departments which \ 
relate to the general, local, and family history of all the states of the j 
Union. As the local and family history of New-England is closely wrought . 
into and interwoven with that of all the other states, the importance of j 
having, for reference, all books relating to them, cannot well be over-esti- 
mated. They are quite indispensable to the completeness of our library, as j 
well as to the convenience of those who are making the investigations, which j 
it is our especial aim to promote. i 

There is another class of books which the committee regret to say are i 
still wanted to a large extent in the library. We refer to the extensive j 
series of works relating to America, published in Great Britain at different ] 
periods, from the discovery of the continent down to the present time. ; 
These are far more numerous and important than the casual observer would ; 
suppose. It would be easy to specify a large number of volumes containing ] 
historical matter of the greatest importance to the investigators who frequent \ 
our library, and new ones are coming from the press every year. Some of \ 
these works, even those recently published, contain important references and ] 
original documents never before printed, throwing light upon interesting and \ 
important points in our history. These works are of peculiar and s})ecial i 
value to us, and almost indispensable in the present stage of our progress. :: 

On the removal of the library to the Society's House, and the arrangement ; 
of the books under more exact classification, it was found that the number i 
of duplicates belonging to the society is not large. With the exception of 1 
Bond's Genealogies of Watertown, The Cushman Family, and a few 1 
g(;nealogies by our late associate, the Rev. Abner Morse, the number is small. 
We presume that the impression has prevailed among our members and 

1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 171 

others, that duplicates were not wanted. This is by no means the case. 
They can always be exchanged for volumes needed, and consequently 
are of great value. We have made this reference in order to state distinctly 
that all books and pamphlets whatever, relating to localities, societies or 
persons connected with New-England, or throwing light in the remotest 
manner upon our history, will be cordially welcomed, as they will contribute 
essentially to enrich and enlarge the library. 

The fire-proof apartment in the Society's House, constructed for the accom- 
modation and protection of manuscripts and rare volumes, which cannot be 
duplicated, against the casualties and ravages of fire, has been completed. 
Its double walls, resting upon solid foundations, arched above and beneath with 
iron girders, it is believed, render it entirely safe. And your committee beg 
leave to state that it offers new inducements for the permanent deposit in 
our archives of family papers and letters, and original documents both pri- 
vate and public, where they may be carefully preserved for the perusal and 
instruction of the generations that shall come after ns. It is to be hoped 
that those who have the custody of family or other manuscripts, will not re- 
gard them as safe in private houses, or be willing to trust them to the chances 
of being neglected, scattered, lost or destroyed, but will, more wisely, place 
them in the archives of this society, where they will be properly indexed, 
and arranged for the inspection and use of such persons, as at any future 
time, however remote, may be interested in the subjects to which they relate. 

Your committee have solicited gifts to the society of historical works, 
by correspondence and otherwise. As the fruit of these efforts many valuable 
additions have been made by our members and friends, both in this country 
and in England. While the thanks of the society have been cordially returned 
to all the donors by the proper officers, it will not be regarded as inappro- 
priate to mention here the gift of twenty-six folio volumes of great value 
for historical reference, by our associate, William Smith Ellis, Esq., of 
London, England.^ 

During the past year the Dorchester Antiquarian Society has placed its 
library, embracing books and pamphlets, together with a collection of en- 
gravings and other articles of antiquarian interest, in the archives of this 
society, and the books and pamphlets, when distributed into their proper 
classes, will add greatly to the richness and copiousness of our collections. 
As a catalogue of them has not been completed, the number of books and 
pamphlets amounting to several hundreds, and a more particular description 
of them, are necessarily deferred to our successors in office. The gift of a 
large number of bound volumes and pamphlets has recently been made to 
the society by our associate, Benjamin JI. Richardson, Esq., of Boston. This 
collection has not yet been arranged or classified, and, as it is not included in 
the enumeration of books added in the librarian's report, a more definite 
statement touchini; its extent and character must likewise be referred to our 

As your committee is charged with the duty of increasing the library, we 
are happy to state that the number of Ijound volumes and pamphlets received 
during the past year is greatly in advance of the preceding year, and the 
historical value of the works, we believe to be, much greater. The addi- 
tions have all been made as gifts, by the members and friends of the society. 

The several classes of books referred to in the earlier i)art of this report, 

' Donations to the library from Grfjit Britain -liould bo sent to:\rr. \V. Wesley, 28 Essex street, 
Strand, London, marked, •' y| r/i/t to fUi- \. K. //isforir, (/cncdlfn/icdl Society, lb Somcrm't street, 
JJoston, care of the Smithmnidu Imtitutiun, Wimhiiiyton, U. <b'.^' 

172 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

as great!}'' needed, are such as will not, to any considerable extent, ever 
come to tlie library as simple donations. These deficiencies must be supplied 
by purchase. To meet this want there should be expended annually a sura 
of not less than five hundred dollars. This amount will be needed yearly 
in all future time, to add such volumes, relating to America, as have been 
and are to be published in this country and in Great Britain. The estab- 
lishment of a foundation, the income of which shall be devoted to this ob- 
ject, is a subject which must soon occupy the attention of the society. 

For the committee, 

Edmund F. Slafter. 

Report of the Committee on Papers and Essays. 

During the past year nine papers were read before the society, namely : 

February 1. — By the Hon. Joseph White, LL.D. on the "Derivation 
of the Names of some of the Towns in Massachusetts." 

By Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., of the Wesley an University at Middle- 
town, Ct, on " Abraham Shurt and John Earthy, two prominent actors in 
the Early History of Maine." 

March 1. — By Mr. Frederic Kidder, on "Cabot's First Voyage of 
Discovery to North America." 

By Mr. J. Otis Williams. Subject : "A Chat with the Puritans." 

April 5. — By the Rev. Elias Nason, on " The Model Town of Massa- 

May 3. — By Thomas C. Amory, Esq., on " Sir William Pepperrell 
and the Pepperrell and Sparhawk Mansions in Kittery, Me." 

June 9. — By the Rev. Daniel P. Noyes, on " John Winthrop and his 
Influence on the Early History of Massachusetts." 

September 6. — By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D. Subject : " Re- 
miniscence of the Stackpole House." 

December 6. — By Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., on " Christopher Kilby, of 
Bbston, agent of the Province of Massachusetts in England." 

Of these papers, those by Prof. Johnston and Mr. Tuttle have been 

For the committee, 

Samuel Burnham. 

Report of the Committee on Publication. 

The only matter on which the committee were called to take official 
action, during the past year, was the editing, printing and distribution 
of the Historical and Genealogical Register. Four numbers, constituting 
the twenty-fifth volume, have been promptly issued, and the number for 
January, 1872, being the first number of the twenty-sixth volume, has just 
been published. 

It must be a source of satisfaction to the surviving members of the society 
who were instrumental in originating this periodical, and to the several 
committees of publication, to witness its continued prosperity, and to realize 
that it has already reached an age which may justly be regarded as venerable 
The Register was started in order to meet a real want, and it has filled a 
place still unoccupied by any other publication. The chief design of its 
projectors was to create an organ of communication between this and other 
societies, and the public, and for the further and more important object of 

1872.] N. E. Historicj Genealogical Society. 173 

printing, and by that means of preserving a portion, at least, of the great 
mass of papers, records, documents, and otlier manuscripts relating to the 
early history of the people of the United States : to present, as it were, in 
photographic likeness and with exact fidelity the habits, customs, thoughts, 
words and deeds of our ancestors. 

In the prosecution of this work, the successive committees of publication 
and editors have been greatly favored by the free-will oiferings of valuable 
and dearly prized family-papers, and have had access to and the most liberal 
use of the richest collections of ancient papers and records to be found in the 
country. And it is worthy of note, that while the series of volumes now 
makes almost a library of itself, and is confessedly the most valuable historical 
series of the kind extant, tlic literary work on not one of its more than 13000 
pages has ever been paid for; nor has payment ever been asked or expected. 
There has not been in the past any lack of material for its pages ; and 
though, for many years to come, we should seemingly make but little progress 
in the work of publishing even the most valuable portion of our ancient 
manuscripts, yet we hope by showing, as we already have done, the value of 
such material, — which too often is considered worthless and consigned to the 
fire or other uses, — to do not a little toward creating a general interest 
in its preservation. 

The desire and purpose of the founders of the Register was to make it a 
strictly historical work ; and that it should not be in any sense, or in any 
degree, the organ of a sect or party or clique, of any kind. This desire and 
purpose has been almost uniformly respected and approved. It may be 
that the success of the publication, and its general approval and support 
l)y our most intelligent historical students is due as much to this feature of 
its management as to its varied, interesting and valuable contents. 

This society has never had, and has not now, any quarrels with any other 
society. It has no prejudices to disseminate ; no jealousies to cherish ; no 
griefs to avenge. It regards all other societies, and all candid, truthful and 
intelligent historical inquirers as friends and brethren ; and it cordially 
welcomes them to a common field of investigation. It desires to ascertain 
the facts of our early history ; to pursue its investigations with judicial 
calmness and impartiality ; and to hold the truth in all charity, as well to- 
ward the living as the dead. In their management of the Register the com- 
mittee have strenuously sought to be guided by the same spirit. 

It may gratify the subscribers to the Register to learn that its circulation 
is steadily extending, and, if we may judge from the numerous testimonials 
which come to hand, that it is now regarded, both abroad and at home, with 
no less favor than it has been at any former period. This result is owing 
in part to a plan, recently adopted l)y the committee, of procuring contril)utions 
upon historical subjects of general interest. Many of these papers are very 
valuable, and have commanded the attention botli of the general reading- 
public and of critical students of American history. 

In the volume just closed, besid(.'s a great mass of miscellaneous papers 
of more or less interest and value, will be found 'M'nealoi'ies, or «renealomcal 
notes, of the Allen, Appleton, IJaldwin, liird, IJronifield, Bowne, Browne, 
Cofiin, Deane, Foster, Gardner, LeBaron, I^cflingwcll, Lucas, Mosely, Noill, 
Sargent, Weir, Wini4<^w, Vassall and otluir families; memoirs and portraits 
of (jov. William I'huner, AVilliam Pitt Fessendcn, David Reed and Lucius 
IManlius Sargent ; the discourse delivered by Mr. Charles II. licll at the 
dedication of the Society's House on the L^tli of March, 1H71 ; Mr. Thomas 
C. Amory's paper entitled Old Cambridge and New ; JNIr. William C. Fowler's 

174 N, E. Historic^ Genealogical Society, [^pi'i-? 

paper on Local Law in ISIassachusetts ITistorically Considered ; Capt. Geo. 
Henry Preble's articles on Early Ship-building in New-England; Mr. Charles 
Hudson's very complete lists of the colonial soldiers engaged in the Louis- 
bourg Expedition, in 1745; and other articles of scarcely less merit; all of 
which cost their authors much time and labor. 

In the number just issued from the press will be found articles of interest 
to persons and families both in and out of New-England ; such as sketches 
of the Oxnard Family by Mr. E. S. Moseley, and of the Bromfield Family 
by Dr. D. D. Slade ; genealogies of the Winslow Family by the Kev. Dr. 
Paige, of the Page Family by Dr. William Prescott, and of the Lee Family 
of Virginia ; an article on Christopher Kilby, by INIr. C. W. Tuttle ; poems 
of the Rev. Michael Wigglesworth ; continuations of Capt. Preble's paper 
on Early Ship-building in Massachusetts, of the Record-book of the First 
Church in Charlestown, Mass., by Mr. James F. Hunnewell, and of Mr. 
Fowler's article on Local Law in Massachusetts ; a memoir of Gov. Oliver 
Wolcott, Sen., written by his son Gov. Oliver Wolcott, Jr. ; and other papers 
of value. 

The portrait, accompanying the sketch of the late Mr. Benjamin P. Rich- 
ardson, furnished by his family, and the other illustrations in the same 
number contributed by Mr. Moseley and Mr. Hunnewell, respectively, 
exceeded in cost the sum of $225. 

Hitherto no systematic plan has been used in extending the circulation of 
the Register. It is now proposed to make an effort in that direction, and at 
a recent meeting of the Register club it was voted to recommend to the 
society to appoint a committee for that purpose. The members of the 
society, each subscriber to the Register, and all who may read this report 
are earnestly invited to aid the committee in procuring subscribers. We 
desire to double our list of subscribers, and to use the income that may thus 
be obtained in enlarging and otherwise improving the Register. 

It would seem desirable that all the publications of the society, and all 
circulars issued and blank forms used by the different officers of the society 
in their official capacity, should pass through the hands of some one committee 
before they are printed, so as to secure a reasonable degree of uniformity. 
To this end it is recommended to the society to direct the committee on 
publication to prepare such forms as may be needed from time to time and 
supervise the printing of the same, and of all the publications of the society. 

For the committee, 

Albert H. Hoyt. 

Report of the Corresponding Secretary. 

Besides the more strictly official correspondence of the year, which has 
just closed, numerous letters have been received relating to historical ques- 
tions, and to the interests of the society ; some of them conveying valuable 
information on subjects of interest and importance. Such as were of more 
general interest have been read at the monthly meetings of the society. 
Replies have been sent to all communications requiring answers, and. as far 
as possible, with the information desired. Letters accepting membership 
from one hundred and three gentlemen have been received and ])laced on 
file. Three corresponding, and one hundred resident members have been 
added to the society during the year ; a list of their names is herewith 

1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, 175 

Corresponding Members added in 1871. 

The Rt. Rev. William-Ingraham Kip, D.D., San Francisco, Cal. 
James-Ross Siiowden, A.M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Resident Members added in 1871. 

Edward-Livingston Adams, Watertown, Mass. 

Oakes Ames, North-Easton, Mass. 

Samuel Atherton, Boston, Mass. 

AValter-Titus Avery, A.I5., New-York, N. Y. 

Edmund-James Baker, Boston, Mass. 

Elisha Bassett, Boston, Mass. 

"William-Carver Bates, Newton, Mass. 

Frank- Forbes Battles, Lowell, Mass. 

James-H. Beal, Boston, Mass. 

Francis-Everett Blake. Boston, Mass 

The lion. Charles Bradley, Providence, R. L 

John-^Iiner Brodhead, Washington, D. C. 

David-Henry Brown, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

Alexander-Claxton Cary, Boston, Mass. 

Ebenezer Clapp, Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. George-Faber Clark, Mendon, Mass. 

William-Smith Clark, A.M., Ph.D., Amherst, Mass. 

Benjamin-Pierce Cheney, Boston, Mass. 

Edward-Russell Cogswell, A.M., M.D., Cambridgeport, Mass. 

James-Cogswell Converse, Southborough, Mass. 

James- Wheaton Converse, West-Newton, Mass. 

Albert-Forster Damon, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Daniel-Edwin Damon, Plymouth, Mass. 

Ebenezer Dale, Boston, Mass. 

The Hon. John-Calvin Dodge, A.B., Boston, IMass. 

The Rev. Jonathan P^lwards, A.M., Dedham, Mass. 

Warren F'isher, Jr., Boston, Mass. 

John-Smith Fogg, South- Weymouth, Mass. 

Herman Foster, Manchester, N. II. 

Alfred P^awcett, Chelsea, Mass. 

Marcus-Davis Oilman, Auburndale, Mass. 

William-Taylor Glidden, Boston, Mass. 

Henry-Augustus Gowing, Boston, Mass. 

Andr(nv-Towriserid Hall, Boston, Mass. 

Leonard-Bond Harrington, Salem, ]Mass. 

Ezra Hawkes, Chelsea, Mass. 

Charles- A rnasa He wins, West-Roxbury, Mass. 

Horatio-Hollis Hunncwell, Boston, Mass. 

Franklin Hunt, Boston, Mass. 

James- F.-C. Hyde, Newton-Centre, Mass. 

Francis-Marshall Johnson, Newton-Centre, Ma<K. 

Frederick Jones, iioston, Mass. 

Josiah-Moore Jones, Boston, Mass. 

Leonard-Augustus Jones, A.l>. LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

The Hon. Elbridge-Gerry KfiUey, Newburyport, Mass. 

James- Jleynolds Knott, Boston, Mass. 

Franklin King, Boston, Mass. 

174 . . o . 

.6 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [^pi"!'; i 

"William-Richards Lawrence, M.D., Brookline, Mass. 

George-Thomas Littlefield, Charlestown, Mass. i 

John-Staples Locke, Boston, Mass. . 

John-Emery Lyon, Boston, Mass. 

George-Henry Martin, Bridgewater, Mass. 

Jonathan Mason, Boston, Mass. 

Frederick- Warren- Goddard May, Boston, Mass. | 

The Rev. Alexander McKenzie, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 1 

Charles Merriam, Boston, Mass. 

Thomas Minns, Boston, Mass. 

Levi-Parsons Morton, New-York, N. Y. ; 

Edward-Strong Moseley, A.M., Newburyport, Mass. 

Enoch-Reddington Mudge, Boston, Mass. 

Lyman Nichols, Boston, Mass. i 

Charles-Edward Noyes, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

Prof. Edwards-Amasa Park, D.D., Andover, Mass. | 

Samuel-Russell Payson, Boston, Mass. j 

Avery Plummer, Boston, Mass. i 

John-Alfred Poor, A.M., Portland, Me. i 

Jonathan Preston, Boston, Mass. i 

William-Gibbons Preston, Boston, Mass. I 

The Rev. George Punchard, A.M., Boston, Mass. ' 

Benjamin-Heber Richardson, Boston, Mass. 

Nathan Robbins, Arlington, Mass. I 

Royal-Elisha Robbins, Boston, Mass. i 

John-Prentice Rogers, Boston, Mass. \ 

Oliver- Webster Rogers, Woburn, Mass. | 

James-Edward Root, Boston, Mass. 

Stephen-Preston Ruggles, Boston, Mass. i 

Edward Russell, Boston, Mass. 

Daniel- Waldo Salisbury, Boston, Mass. 

The Hon. George-Partridge Sanger, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

Benjamin Shreve, Salem, Mass. 

Clinton-Warrington Stanley, A.B., Manchester, Mass. I 

Daniel-Baxter Stedman, Boston, Mass. ^ j 

Alexander Strong, Boston, Mass. i 

Joseph-Teel Swan, Boston, Mass. | 

Cyrus-Henry Taggard, Boston, Mass. | 

John-Gallison Tappan, Boston, Mass. ■ 

Rear Admiral Henry-Knox Thatcher, U. S. N., Winchester, Mass. ] 

George-Newton Thomson, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

William-Cleaves Todd, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

Henry-Elmer Townsend, M.D., Boston, Mass. j 

Joseph- Warren Tucker, Boston, Mass. 1 

Nathaniel-Wing Turner, West-Newton, Mass. 

Supply-Clap Thwing, Boston, Mass. 

Jonathan Towne, Milford, N. H. 

The Rev. Alexander-Hamilton Vinton, D.D., Boston, Mass. ; 

Moses-Conant Warren, Brookline, Mass. ' 

Charlcs-Cotesworth-Pinckney Waterman, Sandwich, Mass. | 

Anibrose-Haskell White, ]5oston, Mass. 

Eben Wriglit, Boston, Mass. 

John-Stratton Wright, Boston, Mass. * , 

1872.] N. E. Hhtoriof ' iloglcal Society. 177 

Early in tlie year blanks we/ ^* corresponding members asking 

for personal information, and/ ^ave been, and it is hoped that 

all of them will soon be reti/ N out. As the information de- 

sired consists of fiicts and e simple matters of history, 

there cannot properly be any t»^ :;y or anything self-eulogistic 

in giving them on account of thel^ j^ aracter. The memoirs pre- 

pared by this society of its deceased mt.. are intended to be strictly 

'-curate and true to the faet« of history, 'i.. ' will prove to be eminently 
), if the information asked of our members is full and specific. The 
ratements, which are made by them, are the foundation on which the per- 
gonal narratives of their life and character will be constructed, and they will 
comprise the principal material of a biographical dictionary of the mem- 
bers of the society, which it is intended to publish at a future day. It is 
therefore important that the personal information should be given with as 
much accuracy and fulness as possible. 

The corresponding secretary begs to state that blanks will be furnished 
to any members who may desire to add to the information which they have 
already given, and when returned to him they will be filed or bound in vol- 
umes, properly indexed and preserved in the archives of the society. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Report of the IIisTORiOGRAriiER. 

The historiographer has prepared and read before the society during the 
year 1871 memorial sketches of the following named members : 

Winthrop Sargent, A.M., v.ho died May 18, 1870, aged 44 years. 

Gen. Asa Ilowland, who died June 24, 1870, aged 82 years. 

]\Ir. Benjamin-Parker Richardson, who died Nov. 7, 1870, aged 68 years. 

Tiie Rev. E!)enezer Burgess, D.D., who died Dec. 5, 1870, aged 80 years. 

]Mr. James Read, who died Dec. 24, 1870, aged 81 years. 

The lion. Buckingham Smith, who died January .5, 1871, aged 00 years. 

The lion. David Sears, A.]\I., who died January 14, 1871, aged 83 years. 

The Hon. Oliver-Bliss Morris, A.M., who died April G, 1871, aged 80 

iMr. l^hner Townscnd, who died April 13, 1871, aged G4 years. 

Mr. Ilenry-Oxnard Preble, who died May 24, 1871, aged 24 years. 

The IIqv. IIcnry-Longueville Mansel, B.D., who died July 13, 1871, aged 
oO years. 

The Rev. Joseph Richardson, A.M., who died Sept. 2o, 1871, aged 93 

The assistant historiographer, Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., has prepared and 
read dtiring the year 1871, memorial sketches of the following named 
members : 

Col. James-Warren Sever, A.M., who died January 10, 1871, aged 73 

Mr. Charli .s-IIenry Woodwell,who difd .Tanuary 31, 1871, aged 42 years. 

The Rev. Romeo Elton, D.D., who died Feb. 5, 1871, aged 7*J years. 

Joseph Palmer, ]\I.D., who died IMarcli 3, 1871, aged 74 years. 

AFr. William-Reed Deane, who died June 10, 1871, aged 01 years. 

The Hon. John-Alfred Poor, A.IM., who died Sept. 5, 1871, aged 03 

Vol. XXVI. 10 

178 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Sociedj. [April, 

The number of members whose decease, during the past year, lias come to 
the knowledge of the society, is twenty. Tliis, considering the ])resent large 
membersliij), is a very favorable exhibit, and calls forsj)ocial gratitude to the 
Preserver of our days, for our " times are in His hands." 

The following is the necrology for the year : — 

Necrology for 1871. 

The figures on the left indicate the date of admission to the society. 

1863. The Hon. Buckingham Smith, of New York, N. Y., born Oct. 31, 

1810; died January 5, 1871. 
1846. The Hon. David Sears, A.M., of Boston, Mass., born Oct. 8, 1787; 

died Jan. 14, 1871. 
1860. Col. James-AVarren Sever, A.M., of Boston, Mass., born July 1, 

1797 ; died January 16, 1871. 
1807. ]\Ir. Cliarles-Hemy Woodwell, of Worcester, Mass., born March 18, 

1828; died January 31, 1871. 

1845. Samuel-Holden Parsons, A.M., of Middletown, Conn., born Aug. 

11, 1800; died Feb. 23, 1871. 

1852. Joseph Palmer, M.D., of Boston, Mass., born Oct. 3, 1706 ; died 

JNlarch 3, 1871. 

1846. The Hon. Oliver-Bliss Morris, A.M., of Springfield, Mass., born 

Sept. 22, 1782 ; died April 0, 1871. 
1868. Mr. Elmer Townsend, of Boston, Mass., born March 3, 1807 ; died 

April 13, 1871. 
1857. Mr. And Emerson, of Boston, Mass., born Feb. 3, 1803 ; died 

May 3, 1871. 

1870. Mr. Henry-Oxnard Preble, of Charlestown, Mass., born Jan. 4, 1847 ; 

died May 24, 1871. 

1845. Mr. William-Reed Deane, of Mansfield, Mass., born Aug. 21, 1800 ; j 

died June 16, 1871. | 
1850. The Rev. Henry-Longueville Mansel, B.D., of London, England, 

born Oct. 6, 1820 ; died July 31, 1871. | 

1871. The Hon. John-Alfred Poor, A.M., of Portland, Me., born Jan. 8, \ 

1808; died Sept. 5, 1871. ; 

1855. The Hon. William-Saxton Morton, A.INL, of Quincy, Mass., born I 

Sept. 22, 1800 ; died Sept. 21, 1871. ] 

1857. The Rev. Joseph Richardson, A.M., of Hingham, Mass., born Feb. j 

1, 1778; died Sept. 25, 1871. ; 

1846. Gen. Guy-Mannering Fessenden, of Warren, R. L, born March 30, ' 

1804; died Nov. 3,1871. 

1853. Mr. Nathaniel Whiting, of Watertown, IMass., born , 1802; ' 

died Nov. 18, 1871. . 

1850. Joseph-Green Cogs^well, LL.D., of Cambridge, Mass., born Sept. 1 

27, 1786; died Nov. 26, 1871. ; 

1871. Mr. Ebenezer Dale, of Boston, Mass., born April 2. 1812; died ^ 

Dec. 3, 1871. 

1858. Henry-Theodore Tuckerman, A.IM., of New- York, N. Y., born • 

April 20, 1813 ; died Dec. 17, 1S71. j 

DoRus Clarke, 


1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 179 

Report of the Treasurer. 

The total income derived in 1871 from annnal assessments, admission 
fees, the income of the life-fund, in('lndiii<T a balance of $32.80 from the 
account for 1870, amounts to SI 088.82, and the ordinary exj)enses have 
been $1034.70; leavinaj a balance in the treasury of $54.12. During the 
same period, the sum of $1090 has been received for life-mombersliips, and 
in accordance with the by-hnvs of the society- added to the life-fund. 



The following named members constituted themselves life-members in 1871. 

Mr. Samuel Adams, Milton, Massachusetts. 

^Ir. Samuel Atherton, Boston, Massachusetts. 

The lion. Oakes Ames, North Easton, Massachusetts. 

The lion. Rosjer Averill, Danbury, Connecticut. 

IMr. AValter-Titus Avery, A.B., New- York, New- York, 

Mr. Kli.sha Ba^sett, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. James-ll. Beal, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Mr. Austin-Williams Benton, Brookline, Massachusetts. 

!Mr. Benjamin-Peirce Cheney, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Ethan-Nelson Coburn, Charlestown, Massachusetts. 

^Ir. James-Wheaton Converse, West Newton, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Deloraine-Pendre Corey, Maiden, Massachusetts, 

Tlie Kev. David-Quinby Cushman, Bath, jMaine, 

*Mr. Ebenezer Dale, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. George Daniels, Milford, New-Hampshire, 

Mr. Alfred Fawcett, Chelsea, Massachusetts. 

31r. Warren Fisher, Jr., Boston, Massachusetts. 

3Ir. Joim-Smith Fogg, South Weymouth, Massachusetts. 

Mr. AVilliani-Taylor Glidden, Boston, Massacliusetts. 

The Il(Hi. ^Vi]liam Greene, East Greenwich, Kliode Island. 

Mr, Andrew-Townsend Hall, Boston, Massachusetts, 

The Hon. Ililand Hall, LL.D., North Bx-iinington, Vermont. 

^Ir. Leonard-Bond Harrington, Salem, Massachusetts. 

Mr, Ezra Ilawkes, Chelsea, ^Massachusetts. 

]Mr. Horatio-IIollis llunnewell, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Francis-Marshall Johnson. Newton Centre, Massachusetts, 

!Mr. Frederick Jones, Boston, Massachus(;tts. 

31 r. .Josiah-Moore Jones, Boston, ^lassachusetts, 

3Ir. I''i-anklin Kini;, Boston, IVIassachusetts. 

]Mr. Williams Latham, Bridge water, Massachusetts, 

The Hon. Solomon Lincoln, A.3I., Boston, Massachusetts. 

]Mr. John-Emery Lyon, Boston, ^lassaehusetts. 

The Hon. Silas-Nelson Martin, Wilmington, North Carolina. 

]Mr. Charles ]\Ierriam, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Levi-Parsons Morton, New- York, New- York. 

*Mr. William-Saxton ^lorton, Qin'ncy, Massachusetts. 

Edwanl-Strong Moseley, A.M., Newburyport, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Enoch-R('ddington Mudge, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Gen. Josiah Newhall, Lynnfield, Massachusetts. 

180 N. E. Historic^ Genealogical Society. [April, 

Mr. Lyman Nicliols, Boston, Massachasetts. 

The Iv'ev. David-Temple Packard, A.M., Brighton, Massachusetts. 

]\Ir. John-Wells Parker, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Francis Parkman, LL.B., Boston, IMassacliusetts. 

The Kev. Albert-Clarke Patterson, A.M., Buffalo, New-York. 

]Mr. Saniuel-Ruuijles Payson, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Tlie Hon. Asahel Peck, Mont|)elier, Vermont. 

Mr. Avery Plumer, Boston, ]\iassachusetts. 

Tlie Hon. Jonathan Preston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. AVilliam-Gihbons Preston, Boston, Massachusetts. 

JNIr. Nathan Bobbins, Arlington, IMassachusetts. 

Mr. Royal-Elisha Bobbins, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Ste})hen-Preston Buggies, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Edward Russell, l>oston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Benjamin Shreve, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Daniel- Baxter Stedman, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Alexander Strong, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. John-Gallison Tappan, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Edwin Thompson, Charlestown, Massachusetts. 

Mr. James-Brown Thornton, Scarborough, Maine. 

IVIr. Supply-Clap Thwing, Boston, Massachusetts. 

William-Cleaves Todd, A.B., Boston, Massachusetts. 

]Mr. Nathaniel-Wing Turner, West Newton, IMassachusetts. 

The Hon. Amasa Walker, LL.D., North Brookfield, INIassachusetts. 

The Rev. Joshua- Wy man Wellman, D.D., Newton, Massachusetts. 

IVIr. Eben Wright, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Johu-Stratton Wright, Boston, Massachusetts. 

REroRT ox THE Bond Fund. 

Dr. Henry Bond, of Philadelphia, left a testamentary gift to this society 
of about 800 copies, in sheets, of his work entitled " Genealogies and His- 
tory of Watertown," together with certain manuscripts. 

At a meeting of the society held July Gth, 1859, a board of trustees 
consisting of three persons, was ajipointed to manage this bequest, under the 
following restrictions. 

It was ordered '* that it shall be the duty of said trustees to prej^are the 
unbound copies of Bond's Genealogies and Ilistor}^ of Watertown for sale, 
and to dispose of them from time to time as they may think best; — that 
after paying the necessary charges, the money received shall be faithfully 
invested by them for the benefit of the society, and that they shall report 
to the society the condition of the funds and the property at the annual 

It was also ordered " that the money so invested shall be called the Bond 
Fund, the principal of which shall always remmin intact ; and the annual 
income shall be disposed of in the manner following, viz.: — not less than 
one-eighth of said income shall be aniuially added to the principal of the 
fund, and the remainder shall be expended in the purchase of local histories 
and genealogies, reserving however a sufficient amount to bind and preserve 
the manuscripts left us by Dr. Bond." 

The sale of books has been slow, but a certain number of coi)ies has 
beeu dis})osed of yearly, and tlie fund has been constantly increasing. Five 
copies have been sold during the last year, for the sum of S25. 

1872.] N. E. Hhtortc, Genealogical Societij. 181 

At the present time we have $250, in government bonds, and a balance 
in the hands of the trustees of $79.07. 

It will be seen that all the moneys accruing from the sale of books, are 
required to be invested, and that one-eighth of the interest on said invest- 
ments must be annually added to the principah Seven-eigliths of the interest 
on the principal may be expended in the jnirchase of books. In this way 
the amount of the fund is constantly increasing, and when our books are all 
disposed of, it will amount to a very important sum. AVe may now expend 
about fifteen dollars yearly, from this source, for the purchase of books. 

For the trustees, 

Almon D. Hodges. 

Report ox the Barstow Fund. 

This fund was founded by a gift of $1000 to the society in 18G0, 18G2» 
and 1863, by the late John Barstow, Esq., of Providence, R. L, then a vice- 
president of the society for that state, the income of wliich is devoted to 
tlie binding of books. From the income of the past year forty-five volumes 
have been bound, leaving a balance of $G8.07. 

For the trustees, 

Wm. B. Towne. 

Report on the Towne Memorial Fund. 
This fund was founded by a gift of $1000, Jan. 1, 1864, from Wm. B. 
Towne, P^sq., then of Brookline, in this commonwealth, but now of Milford, 
N. II., which sum was to be placed in the hands of trustees, the principal 
and the interest to be kept separate and apart from the other funds of the 
society, and the income thereof to bf devoted to the publication of memorial 
volumes of deceased members, whenever the society should deem it expe- 
dient. In tlie year 1870 tlie founder added another $1000, subject to the 
same conditions. The income has l)een permitted to accunuilate, and the 
fund now amounts to $2861.68. A memorial volume has been commenced, 
but not completed. For the trustees, 

Charles B. Hall. 

Report of the Building Committee. 

As the object for which your committee was ap])oint(Hl has not been en- 
tirely consummated, they are not able to make a full rei)ort. They would 
liowever state that the work is substantially completed, with the exception 
of procuring and inserting tlie mural tabh't, and fitting the audien('(;-r()()m 
for the reception of Ixioks. AVhen the committee entered upon their duties 
they did not contemplate fitting this room for such use, for some years; but 
in view of tlie activity that prevails in the society, and the work that is ex- 
pected to })e accon)plished at an early day, they recommend that this bo 
done immediately. 

The amount of subscriptions thus far received is $42,575.00 ; and the 
amount paid f<;r the purchase of the estate, alterations, repairs and furniture, 


Certain subscriptions were made with the understanding that they were 
not to be j)aid till the connnencement of this year. When these are re- 
ceived there will be, ample means for completing the duty assigned to the 
committee; and perhaps a small balance as a nucleus for a publiciition fund. 

For the conunittee, 

William 15. Townk. 
Vol. XXVI. 16* 

182 N, E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

Portrait of the late Treasurer of the Society. 

The coraniittee appointed, fit the last annual meeting, to procure a por- 
trait of William B. Towne, Esq., as a testimonial on his retirement after a 
service of ten years as treasurer, report that they have performed the duty 
assigned to them, and herewith present a life-like likeness, executed by 
Mr. Adna Termey. 

Long may this memorial continue to adorn these walls, and perpetuate 
a grateful remembrance of our associate's ardent devotion and faithful 
service to the society. . Marshall P. Wilder, 

• Edmund F. Slafter, 

Henry Edwards. 

The Sears Medals. 

At the request of the president, Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., secretary of 
the board of directors, reported, that at the stated meeting of the board, held 
January 2, 1872, a sealed box inscribed to the " President and Officers of 
the Historic, Genealogical Society, Boston, 1854," left in the custody of 
the society at that date, by the late Hon. David Sears, with directions that 
it be opened after his decease, was unsealed in presence of the directors. It 
contained eighty bronze medals ; also, a sealed package on which is written : 
"To 'be delivered to the eldest lineal male descendant -of David Sears and 
Ann Winthrop Sears in 1954." 

Only two of the packages, which are seven in number, were opened. 
'The medals in these two packages, with a single exception to which ' I will 
presently refer, were alike. 

On the obverse of the medal is a monument surmounted by a crest, 
whose main feature is an open helmet with the hilt of a dagger on its right. 
On the left stands an American Indian, with his rijxht hand restinij on the 
monument, with a bow in his left hand, a tomahawk slung at his side, and 
several arrows on his' back, the ends visible above the left shoulder. On the 
right is a figure in mail, with the left hand resting on the monument, a sword 
at his side, holding a shield in his right hand charged with armorial bearings. 

On the monument is this inscription : scearstan sayer sears col- 
Chester Over the whole is a scroll on which is inscribed, st peters 
CHURCH In the exergue is h. de longueil. 

On the reverse, the field is left blank, while between a beaded circle and 
the extreme edge, is this circumscription : descended from richard 


The exception, to which reference has been made, is a medal enclosed in 
a wrapper, inscribed " Model. Kichard Sears of Chatham, . . . reverse 
engraving." This medal is from the same die as the others, but the follow- 
ing inscription has been cut on the blank field of the reverse : 


In a case of the same size as the package to be delivered in 1954, are 
two medals having the same obverse as that already described, but the re- 
verse is from a different die. One of them has the same circumscription as 
that before described, with the following in the field : — 


1872.] A^. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 183 

The other medal has in the field a shield on which are various quarter- 
ings of arms which we need not describe. On a circular band surrounding 
it is this inscription : exaltat iiumiles On a scroll beneath is honor 
ET FIDES The whole is surmounted by an eagle. The medal has this cir- 
cumscription : PLY. COL. 1630 BOS. MASS. 1770 

A paper fastened to the inside of the lid of the box, has the following 
written on it: — '"Monumental Memorials, Bronze Medals. To be given 
by the President of the Historic, Genealogical Society to the members 
of the Sears Family. Any individual of the name of Sears applying 
for a medal, must prove his descent from Knyvet, Paul or Syhis Sears, the 
three sons of Richard Sears the Pilgrim, and must promise to have engraved 
on the reverse the inscription ordered by the President." 

" Richard Sears landed at Plymouth on the 8th of May, 1630." 

After the reading of the foregoing reports, Mr. Frederic Kidder, in be- 
half of the committee appointed at a previous meeting to nominate the 
othcers of the society for the current year, submitted a report. A ballot was 
taken, and the gentlemen nominated for the respective offices were declared 
duly elected, as follows : 

The Hon. MARSHALL P. WILDER, of Boston. 


The Hon. George Bruce Upton, of Boston . Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., of Portland . . Maine. 
The Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., of Concord . . New-Hampshire. 
The Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., of Brattleboro' . Vermont. 
The Hon. .John Russell BARTLETT,A.M.,of Providence Rhode-Island. 
The Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich Connecticut. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. 

The Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo . New- York. 
The Hon. John Went worth, LL.D., of Chicago . Illinois. 
The Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport Iowa. 
The H(jn. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D., of Milwaukee Wisconsin. 
The Hon. George P. Fisher, of Washington . Dis. of Col. 

Saloman Alofsen, Esq., of Jersey City . . . New-Jersey. 
The Hon. John II. B. Latrobe, of P>altimore . Maryland. 

William Duane, Esq., of Philadelphia . . . Pennsylvania. 
The Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis Missouri. 
The Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville Indiana. 
The Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Reading . . . Ohio. 


The Rev. J^DMLND F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston . Massacluisctts. 

Recording Secretary. 
Samuel IIri)[>E.\ Went worth, A.M., of Boston . Massachusetts. 


Mr. Benjamin Baustow Torrey, of Boston . Massachusetts. 

184 N, E. Historic, Genealogical Society, [-^pril, 

The Rev. Doiius Clarke, D.D., of Boston 


Assistant Historiographers. 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston . 
John Ward Bean, A.M., of Boston 

John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston 


The Hon. George Bruce Upton, of Boston 

The Hon. Edward S. Tobey, A.M., of Boston . 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston . 

Mr. John Cummings, of Woburn 

Mr. John Foster, of Boston . . . . 

Committee on Publication. 

Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston 
John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston 
William H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston 
William S. Aprleton, A.M., of Boston 
William B. Towne, Esq., of Milford 

Committee on the Library. 

Mr. James F. Hunnewell, of Charlestown 
Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., of Boston 
The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston 
Mr. Harry Herbert Edes, of Charlestown . 
Mr. Deloraine P. Corey, of Maiden 

Committee on Papers and Essays. 

Mr. Frederic Kidder, of Boston 

Samuel Burnham, A.M., of Boston . 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., of Boston . 

William S. Gardner, Esq., of Boston 

David Greene Haskins, Jr., Esq., of Cambridge 

Committee on Heraldry, 

William H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem . 
Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., of Boston 
William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston . 

Committee on Finance. 

William B. Towne, Esq., of Milford . 
Mr. Henry Edwards, of Boston 
The Hon. Charles B. Hall, of Boston 
Mr. Pkkcival Lowell Everett, of P>oston 
The Hon. John A. Buttrick, of Lowell 













1872.] N. E. Historic, Qencalogkal Society. 185 

After the election of officers the president addressed the society, as follows : 

Gentlemen of the Society: 

I THANK you for your kindness which has aaain called me to this chair. 
When I accepted the presidency of this institution four years since, it was 
at the urgent solicitation of personal friends, hut with no expectation or de- 
sire to hold it save for a brief season, and until the breach made" by the 
sudden decease of your lamented president. Gov. Andrew, could be filled 
by a person more competent than myself for the discharge of its duties. I 
appreciate most highly this renewed testimony of your confidence as well 
as the honor which it confers, yet I am fully aware that this distinction is 
bestowed, not on account of any merit which I possess as an historian, but 
rather as a token of your appreciation of my efforts to promote the useful- 
ness of the society, and to aid in establishing, with pecuniary means, its 
various departments on a more sure and permanent basis. 

In ni}' former addi-esses I alluded to certain measures as necessary to the 
progress and well-being of the society. The first and most important of 
these was the erection of a suitable edifice for its accommodation. This has 
been accomplished, and as anticipated in my last address, the Society's 
House was dedicated to the interests of New-England history by formal 
and appropriate services on the 18th day of March, being the anniversary 
of the in cor jio ration of the society. On that occasion the Honorable 
Charles H. l>ell, of New-Hampshire, our associate member, delivered .a 
discourse replete with interesting suggestions in relation to the future of 
American history. This has since been published in the pages of the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Register, and will soon be issued also 
in pamphlet form. But, what is especially grateful to our feelings, as you 
have beard by the report of the building committee, our house has been 
]»ai(l for by the generous contributions of our own members, and stands to- 
day as a free-will offering without any encumbrance whatever. Here let it 
stand for many years to come, as an honorable memorial of the munificence 
of those who aided in its erection. 

By the reports which have been submitted, it will be seen that the 
strictest econ'omy has been observed in all the departments, and that the 
services of all the officers and committees have been performed without 

mpensation. Nor would I fail here to record the fact that the supervision 
.Hid direction of the New-En<iland Historical and Genealomcal RcLnster has 
been rendered for many years without pay, and in a manner to redound to 
the honor of its editor and his associates. The Register has been pub- 
lished r<'gnlarly and is increasing in interest and patronage. The ability 
with which it is conducted is generally acknowledged and most gratefully 
appreciated. Its volumes have contributed largely to promote the objects 
and to extend the influence of the society, and are justly esteemed by other 
societies Ijoth at home and in foreign lands. 

Soon after the public opening of our house the library was transferred 
to its jjiojier department, and the books suitably classified. Since that 
time no meuiber of th'j society has found any dilliculty, as in former years, 
in obtaining all the aid in liis historical investigations which the bound 
volumes belonging to the society could furnish. The library has been under 
the supervision of our associate, j\Ir. James F. Hunnewell, as librarian. 
Mr. Hunnewell kindly consented to acc(;pt this office for one year at some 
personal inconvenience, and now declines a reelection on account of the 
pressure of his business. Most heartily do I rejoice with you in the election 

18G N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

of a gentleman to fill his place who has long been identified with the society, 
and who is in all respects qnalified to discharge the duties of the office. 

Tlic Society's House, in all its appointments, is eminently adapted to the 
purposes of the institution, and meets with universal ai)prol)ation. We may, 
therefore, regard the attainment of this solid structure, so convenient in its 
arrangement and so tasteful in its architecture and finish, as marking an im- 
portant stage or crisis in our progress. But, when 1 say that this marks a 
stage in our progress, I mean distinctly to announce that we cannot stop 
here. We have not yet achieved all that is to be desired. Other steps are 
to be taken before our enterprise will be crowned with success. 

Our first great want has been supplied. Our next is a permanent curator, 
under the otjficial title of librarian, — a man of generous, scholarly culture, 
and familiar with the whole range of New-England history, — who shall de- 
vote his whole time to the interests of the society, in the arrangement and 
cataloguing of our books, pamphlets and manuscripts, and in such w^ays as 
shall promote the growth and improvement of the library. Fortunately we 
possess this officer in our new librarian, and it only remains for us to secure 
the means for his support. This is not a new subject ; it has been upon 
my mind for several years. I have long seen that an officer possessing 
these high qualifications, wholly consecrated to the service of the society, 
and generously paid, would be indispensably necessary to our well-being 
and future success. I alluded to this subject in the remarks I had the 
honor to submit last year. I then said, "if we accomplish all we hope to 
in the future, it will be necessary to have connected and unbroken, intellec- 
tual and scholarly labors in the general superintendence of the institution, 
which we cannot ask and which we cannot obtain from the occasional atten- 
tion which gentlemen engrossed with any important business can render. 
The services of a person of culture, learning, and capacity for the higher 
duties to which I have referred, cannot be obtained without a suitable salary; 
and I make these remarks in order to call your attention to the importance 
of increasing our fund so as to provide for this exigency in the future." 

And allow me to repeat with emphasis what I said then. I regard this 
as the ffreat and crowninjj want of the institution. I cannot see how we 
can make any permanent or satisfactory progress without such an officer. 
With this acquisition a new impulse will be given to our purposes and our work; 
and I doubt not that, in a reasonable time, not only every bound volume in 
the library will be made accessible, but our twenty-eight thousand pamphlets 
will be properly classified, and the subjects treated by them will be so fully 
known that any one of them could be brought forward for examination 
without any loss of time ; and our manuscripts will be so disposed and in- 
dexed that they can all be made nseful to the historical student. 

There is another relation in which such an officer as I have described will 
be of great importance, not only to the members of the society, but to all 
who visit the library for the investigation of the local or family history of 
New-England. It will often happen, as it has in the past, that the investi- 
gator will come to us in the early stages of his work, when he is in a large 
dejxree uninformed as to the sources, and sometimes as to the character of 
the information to which his researches should be directed. The suggestions 
of a competent librarian would in such a case be invaluable. And, while it 
should not be his duty to make investigations for members, or others who 
are peiinitted to use the library, he could so fully point out and lay open 
the sources of information, without occupying too much of his time, as 
greatly to facilitate their labors. 

1872.] N. E. Historic f Genealogical Society. 187 

And here permit me to say another word on the importance of preserv- 
intT^, arranging and dassifying our collection of pamphlets and manuscripts. 
I regard this as one of the most imperative duties of all historical and 
genealogical societies. No institution with which I am acquainted has be- 
stowed sufficient care on this subject. Something has been done, but not 
enough. The collecting of pamphlets without providing for their preserva- 
tion, and arrangement for use, is but of little advantage to historical study. 
"Without this, they are quite as accessible in the possession of individuals or 
families, as in public repositories ; because, when stored away in masses, 
they are no better than so much waste-paper. 

Ordination, funeral, and election sermons, centennial discourses. Fourth 
of July orations, and speeches at public celebrations are full of historical 
matter. A fact can sometimes be found in them which may be sought for 
elsewhere in vain. The spirit of the times is reflected in them. The tone 
of thought, the sentiments, the principles of the contemporary age are to 
be found in them. Not all, not any one, perhaps, is of the highest value in 
all respects ; but all in a greater or less degree furnish facts, thoughts and 
sentiments which are the natural growth and illustration of the j^rogress of 
the age. 

With these considerations, I never think of our large collection of pam- 
phlets but I feel a great desire that they should be arranged, classified and 
catalogued, without which they are inaccessible, and are of little benefit to 
the cause of history. Bound volumes of history, biography, and travels, 
are easily seen and distinguished on the shelves of a library. Pamphlets in 
bundles not arranged, not catalogued, are utterly useless. But when care- 
fully classified they constitute a rich source of historical information. 

I am aware than when a society or an individual obtains the possession 
of an old, rare pam[)hlet it is regarded as a very important feat accomplished ; 
l)ut, when a collection of such pamphlets is made, the first duty is to take 
care of them, so as to render their use easy, and hence valuable to the stu- 
dent. While I' thus s})eak, I acknowledge the great improvement in the 
building in which our valuaV)le library is located, and also the greater safety 
of our collections, stored in our ftre-i)roof apartment. l>ut, in my opinion, 
our imperative duty is to look to our pamphlets as soon as the means of do- 
ing so can be obtained. They are invaluable and, if arranged as I have 
suggested, will of themselves constitute a valuable collection to which stu- 
dents will resort for information in all the departments of history and biog- 
raphy. A catalogue of these and of our books cannot much longer be 
dispensed with. It would be a key to our treasures, and would place it in 
the, power of the humblest incpiirer to make himself ae(}uainted with an 
innnense number of facts of which he bad been ignorant; and at the same 
time open an inexliaustible source from wliieh Ik; may enlarge his historical 
acquisitions, — a collection of the richest treasures, which are now like 
pearls buried in the depths of the ocean. 

For these reasons, gentlemen, and for others which will doubtless occur 
to your minds, I trust we shall soon secure a fund, the income of which 
shall enabh^ us to meet the expenses of the librarian's salary, and to accom- 
j)li.^h such (Hher obj(;cts as are necessary to the suc(.'(;ss and pros|)erity of 
the society. 

Permit me. to eall yonr iittf;ntion to another object, viz.: i\m adoption of 
such measun!s as will ad<l to tluj interest and value of the })ai)ers to be read 
at our monthly meetings. As this is a N(!W-England society, it is important 
that every part of New-England should be represented both by the authors 

188 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, ■ 

and in the subjects of the papers brought before us. The most important \ 

historical questions, which are appropriately discussed before this society, I 

are local in their character ; therefore the investigation of the facts which ' 

relate to them must be made in the locality where the events transpired, j 

Hence if we aim to illustrate the history of the whole- of New-England, we ! 

must have writers and investigators of the facts from every part of it, histori- ' 

cal scholars, whose residence in the locality of which they treat has enabled \ 

them to carry on their investigations from original sources and public records ; 

for years, and from which they can bring to us things literally new and old. i 

We should have papers read here by residents of Maine, New-Hampshire, ' 

Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut and the remoter parts of this common- j 
wealth. Even were it convenient to obtain papers from month to month 

from gentlemen in the city of Boston, or Its immediate vicinity, it would by j 

no means achieve the object we desire to accomplish. We must therefore j 

extend broader invitations and secure the services of our members, and *s 

other historical scholars, who reside at a distance. In doing this we have j 

not the means to meet the necessary expenses, which surely ought not to be j 

incurred by those who prepare the papers in question. A permanent fund, j 

yielding two or three hundred dollars, would enable us to pay all expenses \ 

incurred by the journey of our guests, and to procure papers of rare interest j 

and great value from students of New-England history, far and near. I j 

earnestly hope we shall be able to secure this object during the present \ 

The society is now advancing on the second quarter of a century since its j 
incorporation. It is firmly established and is constantly extending its field 
of operations. It is working harmoniously with kindred associations, both 

in this and other countries, and it is receiving the aid and sympathy of ■ 
numerous friends. 

In reviewing the work of the society, I am satisfied that our present plan j 

of operations is judicious and good. And now that we are permanently j 

located in a house of our own, and have secured the services of a librarian \ 

whose time will be devoted wholly to our work, I feel that no change is ' 
necessary except the further acquisition tof funds to secure the continued 
prosperity of the society. 

To accomplish this most desirable object, I recommend the appointment , 

of a special committee for the purpose of soliciting the means of establishing | 

a fund, the income of which may be devoted to the payment of the librarian's ; 

salary and other expenses not prospectively provided for. The importance and | 

duty of sustaining our society in a flourishing condition needs no further i 

argument from me. i 

But, when I reflect on the influence of New-England principles and New- ] 

England examples in the cause of freedom, civilization, and humanity, and \ 

in whatever tends to the comfort, happiness, and advancement of the human ; 

race, I am deeply impressed with a sense of the obligation which rests on \ 

us to preserve and transmit their history unimpaired, which so clearly re- ] 

dounds to their honor and the welfare of mankind. Our society was organ- * 

ized for this special purpose ; but, as I have often addressed you on this \ 

topic, I shall not tax your patience by enlarging upon it at the present time, j 

No branch of human research can have a more salutary influence on the 
mind than the study of New-England history ; and, next to the training of 

the spirit for the life eternal, I know of no more noble employment than j 
that of treasuring up and perpetuating the deeds, principles, and virtues of 
a noble ancestry. Like the cheering rays of the morning, they have pierced 

1872.] N. E, Historic, Geiiealogical Society. 189 

the darkest portions of the earth ; they have lit up the paths of Christian 
civilization around the globe ; they will illume the broad highway of the 
future with beams of hallowed liijht ; and their teachincrs will forever con- 
stitute the true means of maintaining free governments, individual rights, 
and the highest happiness of mankind. Day by day, and step by step, their 
principles are revolutionizing the empires of the earth ; and, as time advances, 
they will be more and more appreciated for their wisdom and virtue. These 
principles will live forever to bless the world ; and will continue to march 
on in triumph toward that grand millennial era, when the governments of 
this world shall form one great circle of free republics, and when peace on 
earth and good-will to men shall prevail. Let us, then, recover all that is 
great and good from the history of the past, and let us also treasure up all 
that' is valuable and of good-report in the present. He that would not do 
this can have but little reverence for his ancestry, home, or country, and but 
little interest in the welfare of those who are to follow, him. Well did 
Burke remark: "People who do not look back to their ancestry will not 
look forward to their posterity." How imperatively does the Bible enforce 
this injunction on all generations of men : " Hear this, ye old men, and give 
ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Tell ye your children of it, and let your 
children tell their children, and their children another generation." 

Gentlemen : I congratulate you on the increasing prosperity and usefulness 
of our society, and the cheering prospects before us. Let these excite us to 
renewed diligence, and let us labor with greater zeal for the promotion of its 
objects. Let us be active while our day lasts. Soon, he who now occupies 
this chair and all those who now surround him will have passed from time 
into eternity. But our institution will survive, and millions of grateful hearts 
shall rise up and bless the memory of the men who laid its foundations and 
labored for its advancement. 

May the society continue to be more and more appreciated for its labors 
and usefulness. May it receive the sympathy and favor of the public, and 
the generous munificence of noble-hearted men ; and go on prospering until 
the final day, when the histories of this earth and of our race shall be 
transferred to the great record above, eternal in the heavens. 

On the conclusion of the president's address, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter 
offered the following resolution, which was adopted : 

Resolved^ That a special committee, consisting of the following gentlemen, 
viz.: the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Wm. B. Towne, Esq., the Hon. George 
B. Upton, John Cummings, Esq., and John Foster, Esq., be appointed to 
solicit subscriptions to establish a fund, the income of which to be appropriated 
to the payment of the salary of a librarian, and to such other purposes as may 
be necessary for the efficiency and prosperity of the society. 

William B. Towne, Esq., offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the society be tendered to Mr. James F. 
Hunuewell for his services as librarian during the past year. 

On motion of Col. Albert II. Hoyt, the following named members were 
appointed a si)ecial committee, for the purpose of extending the circulation 
of the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, viz. : Mr. Delo- 
raine P. Corey, Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N., Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., 
and Mr. Harry II. Edes. 

Vol. XXVI. lY 


190 Iialjih Snnjfh, of HhigJiam, 3Iass. [April^ 

On motion of Mr. Harry II. Edes, it was 

Voted, That the president's address and the reports submitted at this 
meeting, together with the record of tlie otlier proceedings, be referred to 
the standing committee on pubhcation, with authority to prepare for the 
press and print one thousand copies of the same, for distribution among 
the members. 


Communicated by Thomas Smyth, of Boston. 

The early settlers of the present town of Hingham, Mass., were mostly 
from Hingham, County of Norfolk, Eng., and Gushing in his statement of 
those early settlers, mentions Ralph, as coming " from Old Hingham," in 
1G33, and against the name Gushing puts the figure (1), clearly indicating 
that he came alone. His name first appears upon the Hingham records in 
1637, when he drew a house lot on " Bachelor street," now Main street. 
The colony records call him " Ralph Smyth," and as late as Sept. 22, 1652, 
the probate records for Suffolk Co. say " Ral])!! Smyth," " of Hingham." 
(N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, yoI. viii. p. 61.) 

He was of Eastham, in the Plymouth colony, in 1657, in which year he 
took the "oath of fidelity." See Plymouth Colony Records, Lib. 8, folio 
184. The name is here and ever after on the Records, " Smith." 'Was 
constable of Eastham in 1660, and in 1664, was trading with " Josias Hub- 
bert, of Hingham." 

Volume 6, folio 175, Plymouth Colony Records, has the following "court 
order." Oct. 27, 1685. — "Administration is granted by this court to Grace 
Smith, the relict of Ralph Smith, and Samuell Smith, son to the s*^ Ralph 
Smith, all of the town of Eastham, in the colony of New-Plymouth, in 
New-England, deceased, on all the goods and chattells of s^ Ralph Smith." 

The record of the marriage of Ralph, is not to be found, and the indica- 
tions are that Grace was not the motlier of his children. Ilobart, in his 
diary of Hingham aflairs, gives valuable information concerning this fami- 
ly ; viz. : 

2. i. Samuel Smith, bap. July H, 1641. 

3. ii. John, son of Ralph Smith, bap. July 23, 1644. 

4. iii. Daniel Smith, bap. March 2, 1617. 

There can be but little doubt that Thomas, of Eastham, who in 1690, 
June 24, took at Barnstable, " ye oath of a freeman," was also a son of 
Ralph, but having made very careful examination and finding no documen- 
taiy proof of the same, we omit a record of his family, sim])ly stating for 
the benefit of any person that may be interested, that his eldest son, Ralph, 
was born in Eastham, Oct. 23, 1 682, and Thomas, Jan. 16, 1687, also at 
Eastham; this last settled in Truro, from whom come, Gamaliel 1715, 
Barzilla 1717, Gamaliel 1744, Gamaliel 1772, Barzilla 1775, and nu- 
merous others, the family being highly respectable and infiucntial in the 
affairs of Truro for many years. 

2. Samuel' .(/i\//y>//'), baptized in Ilinghnm, July 11, 1641, married in 
Eastham, Jan. 3, 1667, Mary, daughter of Gyles Hopkins, who 

1872.] Ralph Smyth, of Hingham, Mass. 191 

came over with his father Stephen in tlie Mayflower, 1G20; was a 
trader; died at Eastham, March 20, IGDG. Children: — 

5. i. Samuel, h. May 26, 16()8 ; d. Sept. 22,1692. 

ii. Mary, b. June 3, 1660 ; m. Daniel Hamilton, 
iii. Joseph, b. April 10, 1671. 

6. iv. JoHx, b. May 26, 1673. 

V, Grace, b. Sept. 5, 1676. vi. Deborah, b. Dec. 10, 1678. 

This Samiiel's estate was settled April 22, 1697, hj^ order of the probate 
court of Barnstable Co. Joseph, Grace and Deborah, not mentioned. John 
had " ye half of two farms at Monomoy," and i\Iary had " ye half of two 
fiirms at Monomov, with her brother John." Lib. 2, folio 47. Estate, Real 
and Personal, £l',275.12.9. 

3. John* (Balph^), baptized in Hingham, July 23, 1644 ; married in East- 

ham, May 24, 1067, Hannali, daughter of Thomas Williams, who 
was of Plymouth in 1G37. He there married Elizabeth Tate, 
Nov. 30, 1G38, and died in Yarmouth about 1692. In his will, dated 
May 10, 1692, he gives to 

7. i. *' JoHX Smith, my grand child, a lot of meadow land in Eastham.'* 

The date of the birth of the last named John, cannot be ascertained, and 
if there were other children, the record is so uncertain that it is not safe 
to follow. 

4. ' Daniel' (Ralph^), baptized in Hingham, March 2, 1647; married in 

Eastham, May 3, 1676, Mary, daughter of John Young. Children : 

i. Daniel, b. Jan. 8, 1678. (Eastham Records.) 
ii. Content, b. June 8, 1680. " " 

iii. Abigail, b. April 30, 1683, 
iv. James, b. April — , 1685. 
V. Nathaniel, b. Oct. — , 1687. 
vi. Mary, b. Jan. 8, 1692. 

Will of Daniel Smith, Sen., of Eastham, dated May 11, 1716, entered 
on probate Jan. 20, 1720 (Probate, Lib. 3, folio G3), mentions: wife Mary; 
children, Daniel, James, Abigail, Content Howes, and Nathaniel, who 
received " the homestead," and was ap^winted administrator. , 

5. Samuel* (Samuel,'' Ralph^), born in Eastham, May 2G, 16G8, and 

married Bathshuba Lathrop, May 2G, 1G90. Children: 

8. i. Samuel, b. Feb. 13, 1691. 9. ii. Joseph, b. Oct. 9, 1692. 

They had, in the distribution of their grandfather Smith's estate in 1697, 
equal shares with their uncle and aunt, as follows : " Samuel Smith, and 
Jose{)h Smith, issue of said eldest son Samuel, shall have to them or their 
heirs forever, a farm at Monomoy, that " Cahoon lives on." (Lib. 2, f. o9.) 

C. John' [Samuel^ Malph^), ])orn in Eastham, IMay 26, 1673, and married 
tliere, May 14, 1694, Bethiah Snow, daughter of Stephen, a brother 
of Mark, sons of Nicholas, who married Constance, daughter of 
Stephen Hopkins the Pilgrim. Tlie mother of Bethiah was Susanna 
Deane. daught<.'r of Stephen an<l Elizabeth Deaiie, early of Plymouth. 
The widow Deane married Josias Cook, and soon after they removed 
to Eastham. John and I>etliiah had Saniiul, born in Eastham, May 
21, 16'.)6. For the rest of the family, wc n-ter to tin*, probate conn 
files (M. Bourn, judge of probate). Lib. •'>, folio 204. " Now it 
appears to me, that when s'^ John Smith dcH-eascd, he left surviving, 
six sons ; viz., Sam' ye Eldest, Deane, John, Stephen, David and 









192 Ral2)h Smyth, of Hlngham, Mass. l^W'^^f 

Seth, and Three Daughters : viz., Mercy, Mary, and Eethiali." " S*^ 
Dean Smith is Since Deceased, leaving four children ; viz., Dean, 
Ileman, Aseph, sons, and Merriam a daughter." The date of this 
settlement is July 31, 1734. The guardians of the minor children 
of John and Bethiah, were appointed in July, 1722, and Samuel, the 
eldest son, appointed administrator, Feb. 25, 1717. Bethiah had not 
married in 1734; she is then mentioned as "the widow and Relict 
of ye said John Smith, deceased." The article on the " Deane Fami- 
ly" in the JV^. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. 3, p. 378, has a detail- 
ed account of the line of that family from which Bethiah descended. 
See also, Register, vol. 18, p. 26G. The will of Miriam Wing, widow 
of John Wing, Jr., of Harwich, dated May 24, 1701, and proved 
Jan. 8, 1702-3, gives all her property to Dean Smith, " son of my 
Kinswoman, Bethiah Smith, of Monomoy." Thus in the absence of 
a record of the births of the children on the town books, we ascertain 
their names by combining other documents. 
Lib. 5, folio 204. "An account of Debts Due from estate of Jn° Smith, 

Late of Chatham, Deceased, and paid out by Samuel Smith, Administrator ; 


Paid to Saml. Sturgis, Esq., 

paid to madam Keliance Stone, 

paid to Mr, John Mayo, 

oett out to the Widow, 

P. Mr. Nath'l Stone, 

P. Constable Thomas Nickerson, 

P. jNIadam Elizabeth Greenleaf, 

P. Daniel Hamleton, 

P. ye Commissioners for Interest monej'", 

Sett out to my mother, 

Dean Smith, time and expense, 

P. to myself for expense and time as administrator, 

Money due unto the Bank, 

Allowed by the Court July 19, 1722, 
The total amt. al'd £254 10 0." 

Cattle mark assigned to Samuel Smith, March 23, 1716; to Dean Smith, 
Feb. 5, 1721, by vote of the town of Chatham. 

We can connect of these sons only Dean and Seth, with any of the nu- 
merous family of this name in Chatham or Harwich. 

10. i. Dean. 11. ii. Seth. 

In the year 1715, " Elisha Hedge, John Smith, son and heir to Samuel 
Smith, late of Eastham, deceased, David JMeloit, and Hugh Stuart, of Mo- 
nomoy, alias Chatham," presented a petition to the " General Court," asking 
"that lands purchased of the Indians, John and Josephus Quason, in 1G94, 
called Monomoy Beach, with some pieces of meadow, &c., may be confirmed 
to them." 
7. John' (Jolin^ Ralph^ ). The Eastham town records show this family 































follows, viz. : 

children c 

>f Joh 


born March 18, 





Dec. 28, 





Nov. 6, 





Sept. 8, 





April 24, 


12. vi. 



Jan. 28, 





]\lar. — , 



. Rebecca, 


May — , 





Mar. 13, 


1872.] Ralph Smyth, of Bingham, Mass. 193 

His will, dated Dec. 1, 17-12, nnd entered Lib. 0, folio 2r)0, mentions son 
Joseph to whom he gave land " on the southerly side of the cedar swamp 
in " Little Skatett," and my tenement lot in Kock Harbor neck and all 
my land at the Harbour's mouth neck/' "'xVlso my carpenters tools." Joseph, 
administrator. " I give and bequeath to my son Williams Smith, the land 
that I possessed him of heretofore." " I give and bequeath to my son Seth 
Smith, the one half of the upland of my homestead," and after describing 
the same, and several other lots of land, he gave him " a lot of meadow, 
which 1 had of my Grandfather AVilliams." " To my son John Smith " all 
and singular my tenement homestead, wherein I do dwell," but reserves 
"the West room and Buttery " for his '* loving wife Bethiah." 

The conditions upon which the above bequests are made, are that the 
three sons, Joseph, Seth and John, shall maintain '' my daughter Hannah 
Smith in sickness and in health during her natural life," and furnish certain 
named articles, such as wood, hay, corn, wheat, &c. " to my loving wife 
Bethiah Smith," "To my daughter Elizabeth Brown," " To my daughter 
Rebecca Brown." 

8. Samtel"* (Samuel,^ Samuel,^ I^aIph^)^hovn in Eastham, Feb. 13, 1691 ; 

married in PZastham, Oct. 9, 1712, Abigail Freeman (Eastham T. 
R.). Children :— 

born Jan. 23, 1714. 
13. ii. ZoiiETir, " Dec. 11, 1716. 

Dec. 17, 1718. 

Aug. 23, 1721. 

]\lay 9, 1723. 

June 15, 1725. 

Au<^. 25, 1727. 

Feb. 21, 172'J. 

iSept. 9, 1731. 

His will is dated at Wellfleet, April 18, 1768, proved Oct. 11, 1768: wife 
Sarah ; gives " to heirs of son Zohetli, deceased, viz. : Zoheth, Richard, 
Elizabeth, Samuel, and Ruth ; " " to heirs of daughter Bathsheba Atwood, 
deceased, viz.: Abigail, Martha, John, William, Bathshuba, Thankful, Anna 
and Zoheth;" '• to heirs of daughter jMartha Rich, deceased, Martha Rich 
and Abigail Young; " " to daughter Abigail Eldridge, wife of Jessee Eld- 
ridge ; " '• to daughter Susanna Atwood,*' and " to son Joseph Smith/' whom 
he appointed administrator. 

9. Joseph* (Samuel,^ Samuel,'^ Balph'), born in Eastham, Oct. 9, 1692; 

married in Eastham, June 24, 1715, ]Mary Hopkins, daughter of 
Joshua. Joseph Smith appointed guardian of Basliua, Samuel, and 
Huhlah Smith, children of Mary Smith, late of Eastham ; property in 
right of their "grandfather Josliua Hopkins." (Probate, Lib. 6, folio 
o<) and ol, June 22, 1741.) The will of Joseph is dated: Eastham, 
Dec. 7, 1778; proved, June 10, 1779. It gives " to Mary Hickman 
my daughter, wife of James Hickman," " to daughter Bathshuba," "to 
my grand children, children of son Joseph deceased," viz.: Samuel, 
Joseph, Josiah, Abraham and Mary, and " to daughter Rebecca 
Ford." The town books have 

born April 17, 1710. 

Oct. 4, 171H. 

" Aug. 8, 1721. 

Dec. 21, 1729. 

July 29, 1732. 

" July 23, 1739. 

" Oct. 17, 1713. 

















. Samuel, 














1(ki;k( CA, 


. .loSEPH, 



194 Rali^h Smythf of Hingham, Mass. [^pril, 

10. Dean* (John,^ Samuel^^ Ralph}), born in Chatham, married Hester. 

Children : — 

14. i. Dean. \ 
ii. AsEPn. / See Probate, Lib. 5, folio 204, 
iii. Heman. r of the same family, No. 6. 

iv. MiRRIAM. ) 

11. Seth* (Jolin^ Samuel^ Ralph^), born in Chatham, about 1713; see the 

following: (Probate, Lib. 4, folio 69.) 

" To Sam^ Smith, of the town of Chatham and County of Barn- 
stable, Yeoman, Greeting. 

Whereas, Seth Smith, a minor being aged about nine years, son 
of John Smith late of the town of Chatham, now deceased, hath 
occasion for a guardian in his minority, I do therefore hereby autho- 
rize and appoint you guardian to the said Seth Smith, with full 
power to receive and take into your custody all such estate as belong 
to the said Seth Smith, and the same to keep for his use, until he 
shall arrive to full age." " July 8, 1722. John Otis, Judge." 

The following is from the Chatham town records : — 

" Children of Seth, Sr. and Elizabeth Smith :" 

i. Hugh, born Jan. 8, 1739 ; died young. 

ii. Mary, born Aug. 22, 1740. |~ ^ 

15. iii. Seth, born Aug. 22, 1743. | 
iv. Enos, born Feb. 21, 1745 ; accidentally shot. 
V. Elizabeth, born Feb. 6, 1748; married Moses Mayo. 

16. vi. Hugh, born July 21, 1751. 
vii. Zillah, born Sept. 7, 1753 ; married Miller Paine. 

His second wife was Mary Nickerson, whom he married in Chatham, 
Nov. 18, 1756. She is not mentioned in his will, which is dated March 10, 
1787. He gave " to 'son Seth," " to grandchildren, children of my daugh- 
ter Mary Nickerson, deceased," " to daughter Elizabeth Mayo, wife of Moses 
Mayo," " to daughter Zillah, wife of Miller Paine," " to son Hugh, and to 
his heirs and assigns all my estate," except what was given to the other 
heirs. Hugh, administrator. 

Mary married Seth Nickerson, of Provincetown, March 19, 1761. He 
was a native of Chatham. Their descendants in part were, children : (1) 
Nathan, born Dec. 11, 1763; (2) Elizabeth, born 1766, married Edmund 
Smith; (3) Enos, born Sept. 19, 1770; (4) Ebenezer, born Aug. 17, 1768, 
who married Salome Collins, daughter of Cyrenius of Chatham, and settled 
In Boston ; died in AValtham, Mass., Oct. 25, 1855. Maria, a daughter of 
Enos, married John Young, of Provincetown ; children : Enos, now of 
Provincetown, aged about 35 ; Nathaniel, of Chicago, 111., aged about 29 ; 
John, Jr., of Provincetown, aged about 24. 

12. Seth* (John^ John^ Ralph^), born in Eastham, Jan, 28, 1705; there 

married, Oct. 3, 1728, Anna Knowles. Children : — 

i. Barnabas, born May 30, 1731. Eastham Town Kecords. 
ii. Rebecca, " May 19, 1734. " " 

17. iii. Seth, " May 22, 1737. " " 
iv. Edward, " Aug. 2, 1739. " " 
V. Anna, " May 1, 1741. " " 
vi. Elizabeth, " Oct. 10, 1745. " " 

13. ZoiiETn* (Samuel,* Samuel,^ Samuel,^ Ralph^), born in Eastham, 

Dec. 11, 1716; and there married, Hannah Sears, Eeb. 23, 1737. 
Children : — 

1872.] Ralph Smyth, of Hingham, Mass, 195 

i. ZoHETH, born Oct. 12, 1739 ; Eastbam Records, 
ii. Richard, " Mar. 18, 1741. " 
iii. Elizabeth, " Feb. 6, 1745. " " 

iv. Hannah, '' Mar. 9, 1746. " •' 

For the other children see the following extracts from Probate records, 
Lib. 20, folio 377. " Samuel Smith, 3d, of Wellfleet," made his will Jan. 5, 
1779, proved June 11, 1779, "to Joshua Mayo Smith, son of my late Bro. 
Zolieth Smith," " to Hannah Sears Smith, daughter of my late Bro. Rich- 
ard Smith," " to Samuel and Elizabeth Arey, children of my late sister Eliza- 
beth Arey ; " " to Hannah Greene, the daughter of my only sister lluth 
Greene, wife of Josej^h Greene," &c. 

14. Dean* {Dean* John^ Samuel'^ Ralph^)^ children of Dean and Rachel 

Smith: — 

i. Rachel, born Dec. 12, 1747. Chatham Records. 
ii. Esther, '' June 1, 1750. " " 

iii. AsEPH, " June 6, 1753. " " 

iv. Martha, " Aug. 10, 1755. " " 

15. Setii' [Sefh,* Johi^ Samuel^ RaJph^), born in Chatham, Aug. 22, 

1743; and there married Elizabeth Eldridge, April 26, 1764. Their 
children, born in Chatham, were : — 

18. i. Edmund, born Jan. 25, 1765. 

ii. Joshua, " April 19, 1766. iii. Enos, born April 19, 1768. 

iv. Betty, " 17.96. 

V. Reuben, " 1778, at Provincetown, where they settled 1780. 

vi. Seth. vii. David. viii. Lizzie. 

ix. Hannah. x. Eldridge. xi. Abigail. 

16. Hugh* {Seth* John^ Samuel^ RaJph^), born in Chatham, July 21, 

1751 ; there married Lydia Paine, the town records say Jan. 19, 
1775, but the family record fixes the date at June 17, 1775. This 
family left Chatham about 1794, and settled at Buckstown, now 
Bucksport, Me. Children : — 

19. i. Seth, b. Oct. 4, 1777. 

ii. Andrew, b. Oct. 28, 1779, whose son Eugene Theodore, born in 1816, is 
now living in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

iii. Thomas, b. Jan. 25, 1782; married Phcbe Tappan and moved West. 

iv. Marv, b. Sept. 24, 1784 ; married Jessce Bassett, of Bucks])ort, Oct. 22, 
1807 ; ch. John Sheppard, b. Aug., 1808, Benj. Franklin, b. 1810. 

v. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 21, 1786 ; married Ziilina Handy, June 13, 1807; died 
at Bucksport, Dec. 23, 1846.' Widow died, April 9, 1849 ; their ch. An- 
drew, Mary, Ruth, Lydia and Levina. 

vi. and vii. Susan and Lvdfa, born Feb. 2, 1789. 

viii. ZiLLAH, b. Feb. 22, 1792 ; married Randall Burrill, of Bucksport, April 23, 
1814. Children : James, born Ahirch 25, 1815, now living in Central City, 
Colorado. Randall (iardncr, born July 24, 1816, married at Jioston, 
May 12, 1845 ; his son Herbert Leslie, born April 27, 1856. Harvey 
^lillor, born March 25, 1818, and died at sea on Ijoard KJiip " New 
World," 1840. George WhiteHeld, born April, 1820. Nancy, died an 
infant ; and Alfred, born June 20, 1827, died unmarried Nov. 6, 1860. 


Lydia, born Auf^. 29, 1794 ; married iirst, James Maddocks, Aug. 1, 1816, 
and second, John Tillock, Dec. 9, 1824. Children : Joseph,' born Oct. 24, 
1825, who inarried Dec. 9, 1814, Flora D. Ryder. Phebe'^ 8., l>orn Feb. 
26, 1827, uninarried. John' N., born Dec. 20, 1828, married Clay, 
Dec. 19. 1819; their children arc, Edwin L., born 1851 ; John Charles, 
born 1867. Caroline" Ii., born A|)ril 22, 1H33, married Joshua Smith, of 
Bucksport , Feb.' 1, 1853; cliildrcn are, Julietta, boVn Sept. 27, 1857, 
AVillie Tillock, born Sept. 23, 1867. Lydia,^ born June 17, 1836; niar- 
ried 0. II. Snow, April 24, 1859 ; live in New York: their sou Emerv 
born 1866. ^ 

196 Rai])h Smyth, of ILngliam, Mass. [April, 

17. Setii* {Seth,'^ John^ Jolin^ RalpU), born in Eastham, May 22, 1737 ; 

there nuuTied Thankful Baker, Jan. 18, 1759. The town records 
give children of Seth and Thankful Smith, as follows : — 

i. Barnabas, b. Feb. 22. 1762. ii. William, b. July 1, 1764. 

iii. Sarah, b. Jan. 10, 1707. iv. Jesse, b. Jan. 28, 1769. 

V. and vi. Seth and Ebenezkr, b. May 12, 1772. 
vii. Samuel, b. Jan. 15, 1775. 

18. Edmund' {Setli^ Seih^^ John,^ Samuel,^ Ralph^), born in Chatham, 

Jan. 25, 1765 ; married at Provincetown, Elizabeth Nickerson, 
daughter of Seth and Mary, 11 (ii.). Children were: — 

i. John, died, aged about 18. ii. Freeman, died in 1869, aged about 75. 
iii. Mary. iv. Edmund, v. Lizik. vi. Olive, who married John Stone, de- 
ceased, no children. 

20. vii. John, born March 9, 1809. 

19. Setii*^ {Hiigh^ Seth* John^ Samuel^ Rdlph^)^ born in Chatham, Oct. 4, 

1777 ; married at Bucksport, Me., Hannah Pratt Albee, April 23, 
1806; d. at Bucksport, March 19, 1853. His widow is yet living 
at Bucksport ; very old. Children ; 

i. Harriet, died a babe. 

21. ii. Seth Hall, b. April 27, 1809. 

iii. Alfred Pratt, died aged 4 years. 

iv. Enos, b. April 4, 1813. His son Henry born 1851. 

V. Caroline Kalso, b. 1814 ; died 1828. 

vi. Elmira Albee, b. 1817; married Henry Benson, and live in Blackstone, 

Mass. Their son, Seth Hall Benson, born 1850, now a student at West 

Point Military School. 
vii. Sarah Eldridge, b. 1820 ; married Henry Eldridge, and " went West," 
viii. Hannah Adah, b. Jan. 22, 1823 ; married first, George Taft, second Elna- 

than Handy ; children are : Abby L. Taft, born 1851, Martha E. Handy, 

born 1862. 

20. JoHN^ {Edmund,^ Seth^^ Seth,"^ Johi,^ Samuel^ Ralph^), born in Pro- 

vincetown, Mass., March 9, 1809 ; there married Mehitable Cook 
Ghen, daughter of Thomas Ghen and Sarah Cook, and granddaughter 
of Samuel Ghen and Sabra Gross, of Truro. Samuel was a brother of 
Thomas and James Genu, or Ginn, whose descendants now live at 
or near Bucksport, Me. The three brothers came from Virginia, 
where the family is quite numerous. Josias Cook, of Eastham, who 
married the widow Dean, was the ancestor of Sarah Cook. Chil- 
dren of John and Mehitable : — 

i. Edmund, born in Provincetown, Jan. 26, 1832 ; now living there, unmarried. 

22. ii. Alonzo, born in Provincetown, July 27, 1833. 

23. iii. Thomas, born in Clinton, Me., July 13, 1837. 

The father died in Clinton, in the spring of 1837, and the mother return- 
ed to Provincetown, that year, where in 1 846 she married Samuel Parker, 
son of the late Rev. Samuel Parker, of Provincetown, deceased. Their 
daughter Isadora, born Jan. 2G, 1848, now living in Boston. 

21. Sktii Hall' {Seth.' Hugh," Seth,* John,'' Samuel'' Ralph'), born in 

Bucksport, Me., April 27, 1809 ; there married Eliza Handy, widow 
of Ebenezer ; her maiden name was Mor^m. Their children : — 

24. i. Alfred Lewis, born 1835. 

ii. Hattik Eliza, born 1838; she married. May, 1866, Capt. J. II. Chipmnn, of 
Bucksport, and in October of the same year, he died in Palermo, Sicily. 


1872.] Notes and Queries. 197 

22. Aloxzo^ {John,^ Edmund,^ Seth* Seth* John,^ Samuel,^ Ealph^), born 

iu Provincetown, July 27, 1833 ; there married Nancy, daughter of 
Joshua Smith. Children : — 

i. Clara, born Aug. 6, 1855, in Provincetown, Mass. 
ii. Lizzie, l)orn Aug. 20, 1857, in " " 

iii. Frank AVillis, born July, 1809, in Cohasset, Maes. 

23. Thomas' (John,' Edmund,^ Seth," Seth," John,'' Samuel,'' Ealph'), born 

in Clinton, Me., July 13, 1837 ; married in Lincoln, Mass., Aug. 15, 
18GG, Mary Frances, daughter of Maj. Daniel Weston and Mary 
Wheeler, of L. Mary Isabel, their daughter, born in Charlestown, 
Mass., March 2G, 18G8. The family now live in Boston. 

24. Alfred Lewis' (Seth Hcdl,' Seth,^ Si^g^,^ Seth,* John,'' Samuel,'^ 

Ecdph^), born in Bucksport, Me., 1835. His son, Frank Elmer, born 
in 18GG. 


A Branch of the Avery Family. — The following facts covering an important 
branch of the Avery family in this country {ante, vol. xxv. p 191) have been furnished 
me for pul)lication by Henry W. Avery, Esq., a lineal descendant of Christopher 
Avery of Englund, who first settled in this country, in Gloucester, Mass., in 1630. 

W hile this material lacks something of completeness, it still will be found of much 
service to genealogists and antiquaries generally. Ledyard Bill. 

Norwich, Conn. 

CHRTSTorHER AvERY^ was bom in Salisbury, England, and came to America in 
the ship "Arabella," in the year 1630, and settled in Gloucester, Mass. He died 
in 1679. 

James Avery^ {Christopher^) was b. in England about 1620. He was with his 
father in Gloucester, but moved to 2sew-London, Conn, in 1651. He m, (1) Joanna 
Greenslade, (2) Sarah Miner. 

James Avery^ {James,^ Christopher^) , i\\Q son of the preceding James, was b. 
Dec. 15, 1646; m. Deborah Sterling. 

James Avery* {Jamcs,^ James, ^ Christopher^) , son of the foregoing James Avery ,^ 
was b, April 20, 1673, and m. Mary Griswold. 

Ehexkzer Avery^ { James, '^ James, ^ James, "^ Christopher^) , son of James Avery,* 
was b. March 29, 1701. He m. (I) Lucy Latham, (2) Rachel Denison (widow). 

Erenezer Avery® {Ebenezer,^ James, "^ James, ^ James, "^ Christopher^) was b. 
March 7, 1732. He was killed in Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781, at the massacre of a 
portion of the garrison by the Jjritish troops under Arnold. 

Ei'.enezer Avery^ {Ehenezer,^ Ebenezer,'' Jc/mes,* James,^ James,^ Christopher^) 
wash. Aug. 8, 1762, and m. (1) Hannah Morgan, by whom he had six children. 
She d. Sept. 27, 1792. (2) Mary Eldridge, by whom he also had nix children. She 
d. Jan. 19, 18.54. Mr. Avery was a colonel of militia about 1798, and a justice for 
over thirty years, during which time he married over eighty couples. He died Aug. 
8, 1812. The children by first wife were : Lucy,^ Ebetiezer,** Fanny, *^ Egbert,^ 
Clarissji** and Jonathan.^ By second wife: Charles Eldridge,*^ Henry William,® 
Mary Eldridge," Sidney," Amasa" and Jared 11.** 

(First wife's children :) 

i. LrcY,«b. June 11, 1781; m. Oct. 10, 1802, Capt. Daniel Mitchell. They 

had eleven children. She d. Nov. 4, 18.j2. 
ii. EiiENEZER," b. April 2, 1786; m. (1) Nancy Avery, by whom he had 

seven children ; (2) Catharine L. Avery, by whom he had four 

children. He d. March 19, 186:5. 
iii. Fanny," b. April 22, 17h8 ; m. Daniel Avery, Feb. 25, 1808. She had 

three children. Slie d. March 30, 1869. 

198 Notes and Queries. [April, 

iv. Egrert,8 b. July 26, 1789 ; m. Feb. 2, 1815, Eunice Wood. They had 

iive children, lie d. Dec. 3. 1854. 
V. Clarissa^ and Jonathan ,« d. in infancy. 

(Second wife's children :) 
vi. Charles E.,^ b. March 6, 1791; m. March 6, 1820, Asenath Cheadell, 

They had eight children, lie d. Sept. 5, 1854. lie was settled in 

the ministry at Auburn, N. Y. 
vii. Henry W.,^ b. Oct. 12, 1795, in Groton, Ct. ; m. Nov. 27, 1817, Betsey 

Denison, dau. of Frederick Deninon. She d. May 11, 1800. lie 

resides in Belvidere, 111. They had children : 1. Frederick Denison,' 

b. Oct. 30, 1818; m. (1) Julia S. Smith. She d. June 24, 1855. 

(2) Charlotte Mauny. lie is a minister in Columbia, Ct. 2. Henry 

W.,n. May31,1823; m. (1) Lydia G. Avery, (2) Rachel P. McCord, 

Nov. 16, 1848. They reside in Belvidere, 111. 
viii. Mary E.,^ b. May 15, 1798; m. Nathan F. Denison, of Groton, Ct. 

They had four children. She d. Dec. 3, 1858. 
ix. Sidney ,8 b. March 23, 1800; m. Mary Dickey. They reside in Belvidere, 

111., and have had seven children. 
X. Amasa,^ b. Oct. 18, 1801 ; m. (1) Betsey Dye, by whom he had two 

children; (2) Eleanor A twell, by whom he had one child. He d. 

Sept. 21, 1869. 
xi. Jared R.,^ b. Sept. 17, 1804 ; m. Sarah Ann Agnew, by whom he had 

seven children. This family reside in Groton, Ct., where he has been 

settled in the ministry. 

Admiral William Henry Smythe, a Descendant of Capt. John Smythe [or 
Smith]. — I recently purchased, in New- York, a set of books, in twelve volumes, 
entitled " Royal Naval Biography, or Memoirs of the Services of all the Flag-Officers, 
Superannuated Rear Admirals, Retired Post Captains and Commanders whose names 
appeared on the Admiralty List of Sea Officers at the commencement of 1823, or who 
have since been promoted. Illustrated by a Series of Historical and Explanatory Notes, 
which will be found to contain an account of all the Naval Actions, and other im- 
portant Events, from the commencement of the late reign, in 1760, to the present 
period, with copious Addenda. By John Marshall (B*. Lieutenant in the Royal 
Navy." Longman, Rees, Orrae, Brown, Green & Longman. 

The publication of the work was begun in 1823, but not completed until 1835, 
about a volume a year. It is valuable to American readers and inquirers, from con- 
taining the lives and services of a large number of the officers (all certainly who were 
living in 1823) who were employed against us during the wars of 1775-83, and 1812- 
14. Looking over my purchase, I find in one of the volumes the book plate and arras 
of" Capt. William Henry Smyth, R. N.," and that the work was a presentation 
copy from the author to him. Observing a strange similarity in the arms (three 
Turk's heads, &c.) on the book plate, with those of the redoubtable Capt. John 
Smith of American and Pocahontas fame, I turned to a sketch of the Life of Capt. 
Wm. Henry Smyth in vol. v. of the work, and to the same in 'Byrne's " Naval 
Biographical Dictionary," pages 1094-96, and found that distinguished and scientific 
officer was not only a direct descendant of the redoubtable Capt. John, notwithstand- 
ing his spelling his name with a " y," but also the grandson of an American loyalist 
of New-Jersey. 

Admiral Wm. Henry Smyth, R.N.; D.C.L.; Knight of Royal Sicilian Order of 
St. Ferdinand and of Merit ; Fellow of the Royal, the Antiquarian, the Astrono- 
mical and the Geographical Societies of London ; Member of the Society for the 
Statistics and Natural His. of Tuscany, and of the Academy of Sciences of Palermo ; 
Vice-Pres. R.S.; Pres. R.A.S.Do., (fee. &c. &c., was the only s(m of Joseph Brewer 
Palmer Smyth, of New- Jersey, a descendant in tlie paternal line from Capt. John 
Smith (whoso armorial bearings he bore), and Georgina Caroline, granddaughter 
of the Rev. M. Pilkington.* 

* Letitia, the dau. of Dr. Van Lewen, a physician of Dublin, was born in 1712. She be- 
came the wife of the Rev. MiUthew Pilkin^ton, from whom slie was separated on arcoiint 
of the irre^'ularity of her comliu-t. After tlii<, she settled in London, whore site sul)>istcd 
partly by writinji; and i)artly i)y the bounty of hor friends. 8iie wrote "Tiic Komnn Father, 
a Tragedy," "Tlie Turkish Count, or London Apprentice, a Comedy," "Memoirs of her 
Life," and various ])oems, &e., aiul died in 1750. {Godwin's Univer. Biography.) Prol>ably 
Goorgiua Caroline Smyth was hor grauddau. 

1872.] Notes and Queries. 199 

Durini^ the American Revolution, Joseph Brewer Palmer Smyth took up arms as 
a loyalist, and was with Biirgoyne at the battles which preceded his surrender at 
ISarat()«j;a. The peace which established tiie independence of the colonies, depriving 
him ufvery considerable landed property, he returned to America, by permission, to 
substantiate his claims on the British Government, but suddenly died. The lords of 
the treasury, however, assigned a small annuity to Mrs. Smyth and her two chil- 
dren. He 18 not mentioned in ISabine's American Loyalists. 

\Vm. Henry Sniytii, the only son, was born at Westminster, Jan, 21, 1788, and 
after a cruise in the E. I. Co.'s service, entered the Ro^^al Navy as a midshipman in 
1805. It is unnecessary to follow liiui through his honorable and gallant naval 
career, which is detailed in the two sketches from which I have extracted these notes. 
He was promoted a Lieut, in 1813, a Connnander in 1815, and attained Post rank as 
Captain Feb. 7, 1824 ; was made a Rear Admiral on the retired list. May 28, 1853 ; 
Vice Admiral, Feb. 13, 1858; Admiral, Nov. 14, 1803. He is perhaps best known 
for his very eminent hydrograjihic services in the Mediterranean. Ln 1821, he re- 
ceived from Mehemet Ali an offer of" Cleopatra's Needle," intended as a present to 
George IV'., but had no means or opportunity to embark in it ; and the same year, 
for his prompt but unavailing efibrts to save from destruction a ship on fire, he 
received the thanks of the LI. S. Consul at Gibraltar, and of the masters of eleven 
American merchantmen. He was retired from active service in 1846. The Emperor 
of Austria presented him with a gold snuti-box set with brilliants. In 1815, about 
the same time, he obtained two honorable augmentations to his family arms, and 
was admitted by Sir Wm. Sidney Smith into the " Anti-Piratical Soc. of Knights 
Liberators of the Slaves (white and black) in Africa," instituted by the allied Sove- 
reigns at Vienna in 1814. He was one of the Committee for Improving and Extend- 
ing the Nautical Almanac, and was a member of the National Institute at ^Va6h- 
ington, the Academy of Sciences at Boston, and the Naval Lyceum, New- York. He 
was also the author of several scientific, professional and literary works. 

He married at Messina, Oct. 7, 1815, Annarelle, only daughter of T. \Yarington, 
JElsq., of Naples, b}' whom he had a numerous family. His second son, Charles Piozzi, 
was Astronomer Royal for Scotland. His name appears for the last time in the 
Royal Navy List, 1805, and he died during that year or the beginning of 1866. 

George Henry Preble. 

PiTKix. — Mary Pitkin (Rcr/istcr, xvii. 39), daughter of Joseph Bishop Abrams, 
of Saratoga Springs, N. Y., and his wife Lucy, daughter of Thomas White Pitkin 
(and granddaughter of Hon. Josei)h Marsh, first Lieutenant Governor of Vermont), 
married, first. James Edward Foole Stevens, gent., son of Hon. Godfrey Stevens of 
Claremont, N. II., Oct. 5, 1852, the service being ccmducted by the late lit. Rev. 
Carleton Chase, D.D., Bishop of New-Hampshire. By this husband, who died Dec. 
9, 1865, at Somerville, Mass., she had issue : 

CnARLp:s Ellis, born in Tremont place, Boston, Mass., July 5, 1853 ; baptized by 
the Rt. Rev. Manton Eastljurn, D.U., Bishop of Massachusetts, in Trinity 
Church, Boston ; at present (1871) a student in the University of Pennsylvania. 

Lufv PiTKix, born in Boston, Mass., May 20, 1855; })aptized by the Rt. Rev. 
Thomas March Clark, 1).!)., LL.D., Bishop of Rhode Island; at ])resent 
(l'^71) ])ursuing studies at Mai)lewood Young Ladies' Institute, Pittsiicld, Mass. 

Mary Aurams, born June 10, 1857, in Boston, Mass.; bai)tized by Rev. Edward 
N. Kirk, D.D.; died in Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 10, 1870. 

Jamk> Fdwaru Poole, born in Philadeli)hia, Pa., May 27, 1801 ; baptized by Rev. 
William P. Breed, D.D. 

She married, secondly. Rev. Henry Boardman Ensworth, Nov. 1, 1860, at Andovcr, 
Mass., the service being j)erformed by the Rev. Edwards A. Park, D.D., Pro- 
fessor in the Andover Thecjlogical Seminary. They have one child : 
Samuel Cassius, born Feb. 26, 1868, at Pittsburgh, Pa.; baptized by liis father. 

Note. — Mrs. Ensworth is descended from the celebrated Major J(jhn Mason, of 
C<mnecticut, from the Ilobarts, the Whitings, and the St. Johns. See New Esq- 
land Hlstorhal anf) Genealogical Register, vol. xiv. pp.61, 62; vol. xv. pp. 
117,217,318; vol. xvii. ]>. 32. 

C. Ellis Stevens. 

Paoli, Chester Co., Penn. 

200 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Staxdish, Myles. {Register, vol. xxvi. p. 82.) — In tliis note are two errora : one 
of the tyi)t'S in Bubstitiitin^ Joseph for Josiali ; and an error of Dr. Parisli in stating 
that Josiali was a grandson of Myles. 

Josiah Standinh, the second son of Capt. Myles, went to Norwich in 1686. (See 
Mitchell's Bridge water, page 308; Wineor's Duxbury, pa^e 321 ; Caulkins's History 
of Noricich, page 118, Ist Ld.) He was Ensign Josiah, afterwards Capt. He had 
children : Myles, Josiah, Samuel, Israel, Mary, Lois, Mehitable, Martha, Mercy. 
In Pilgrim Hall is a package of thirteen letters of the Standish family, and among 
them are autograph letters of Josiah, Samuel and Lois, three of the grandchildren of 
the redoul)tabie Myles. 

From Josiah, Dr. Parish was descended. Josiah, 2d, had a daughter Hannah, 
who married Nathan Foster, of Stafford, Conn., whose daughter Eunice was the 
mother of Dr. Parish, of Byfield, and of the mother of the writer, as may be seen by 
the following epitaph in the old graveyard at Andover, Mass., which I will, with 
your permission, copy entire : — 

' ' Sacred to the Memory of 

Mrs. Eunice Parish, 

Consort of Mr. Elijah Parish, who died 

13 December, 1799, setat. 66. 

*' She was the daughter of Mr. Nathan Foster, and granddaughter of Dea. Josiah 
Standish, who was grandson of Capt. Myles Standish, Military Commander of the 
Colony, who landed at Plymouth Decr. 1620. 

" Her eldest son is the Rev. Elijah Parish, of Byfield ; her second son was the late 
Rev. Ariel Parish, of Manchester, who died 20 May, 1794, tetat. 30. Her only 
daughter is Mrs. Philomela Thurston, wife of Mr. Stephen Thurston, of this town. 
Her son Asa died 20 Feb., 1772, aged 3 years. 

" Her faithful aid relieved the woes of life, 
No husband e'er enjoyed a kinder wife ; 
With holy zeal she taught each list'ning child, 
Persuasive goodness spoke in accents mild. 
Content to stay, but not afraid to go, 
Her parting words forbid our tears to flow." 

I will simply add that Hannah Foster nee Standish was the grandmother of 
Lafayette Standish Foster, of Norwich, Conn., former Senator, and for some time 
president of the United States Senate. 

Elmira, N. Y., Jan. 15. Ariel Standish Thurston. 

Marshall, John. — {Register, vol. xxvi. pp. 74, 83.) Of his children were : 
KuTH, wife of Capt. James Green. 

William, b. Freetown, June 5, 1733; m. July 26, 1761, Lydia Warner. She 
d. Oct. 18, 1766, in her 2-4thyear. He d. March 24, 1806, aged 73, in East 
Haddam, Conn. 
Elizabeth, b. Freetown, Feb. 9, 1741 ; m. Asa Willey, of Litchfield, Conn. 
Thomas, b. Freetown, May 17, 1744; m. Feb. 6, 1770, Rebecca Ackley; settled 
in East Haddam, and had ten children. D. W. Patterson. 

Newark Valley, N. Y., Jan. 13. 

Travelling on the Lord's Day. — I copy the following from the original. 


" To the Constables of Boston or either of them. 

Complaint being made to me that a Certain Sailor whose name is Supposed to be 
Isaac llambleton late of Boston did yesterday profane the Lord's Day travailing 
from Dedham to this Town in contemi)t of the Law. These are therefore in Her 
Majesties Name to command you forthwith to apprehend the s'd Sailor Isaac 
Hambleton or by what other name he maybe called, and him bring before me or 
some other of Her Majesties Justices to make Answer. 

" Hereof you are not to fail. Given under my hand and seal in Boston this seven 
and twentieth day of July 1702. Annociue Regni Anna Kegina Anglijx) &c. Primo. 

Sam. Skwall. 

*' July, 28. 1702. Constable Edward Oakes brought Isaac llambleton before me, 
and he confessed the Fact : owns ye Capt. Dwight charged him not to travell. He 
alleged he had two Indians and he was airaid he shoulcl lose them. Sentenced him 
to pay 205. w'cli he immediately did in Gold. s. s. 

[Endorsed] " Isaac Hambleton fined 205. for Travelling last Lord's Day, July 26. 
July, 28. 1702. Const. Edw. Oakes." 

1872.] Notes and Queries. , 201 

Letter of Benedict Arnold to Mrs. Knox. — 

[We are indebted to Hear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, for a copy of this letter. 
He remarks that " the original is amon<^ the miscellaneous papers of Major-General 
Henry Knox. It is written upon a sheet of foolscap of tlie largest size, and coarse 
enough for musket-ball cartridge paj)er, which it probably was designed for. The 
letter was written at a time when Arnold stood high in the estimation of Washing- 
ton, and it is said that he was at this period one of the most accomplished officers 
in the army." — £d.] 

AVatertown, 4 March, 1777. 

Dear Madam, I take the liberty of Inclosing a Letter for the Heavenly Miss 
Beblois, which [IJ l)eg the favor of your delivering, with the trunk of Gowns &c. 
which Mrs. Colburn promised mc to send to your House, I hope she will make no 
objection against receiving them, I make no doubt you will soon nave the pleasure of 
seeing the Charming Mrs. Emery, and have it in your power to give me some favor- 
able intelligence — i shall remain under the most Anxious Suspence until I have the 
favor of a line from you, who if I may Judge will from your own experience, C(m- 
ceive the fond Anxiety, the Glowing hopes and Chilling fears that Alternately possess 
the breast of 

Dear Madam Your obedt and most 

Humble Servt 

Mrs. Knox. B. Arnold. 

Ministry Rate, Cambridge, 1728. — 

Cambridge Nov. y^ 14, 1728. 
To Dea<^. Samll. Bowman, Receivr of ye Ministry Rate in s'd Town. This May 
Certilic unto You the Suras Totall of the Lists of the Ministry Rate Committed to 
ye Respective Constables of s'd Town (vizO 

John Cutter ^ ^ To Henry Prentice 48 10 6 

Sam '• Andrews > Assessors < To Thomas Dana 27 3 9 

Gershom Davis ) ( To Tho^ VVillington 24 5 9 

Puritan Portraits. — One of the results arising from the Bicentenary commemo- 
ration in England, August 24, 1862, of Bartholomew day 1GG2, when two thousand 
ministers resigned their livings, for conscience sake, rather than comply with the 
Act of Cnil'ormity {ante, xx. 192), was the determination to erect a large building 
in London to commemorate the event, which should be ])ractically useful also for 
several religious purposes. Last May an advantageous site was obtained in Farin^- 
don street, and a " Memorial Hall "will soon be commenced. Mr. Gustavus L. 
Sintzenich, an artist residing at Exeter, England, has conceived the idea of adorning 
this hall with tlie portraits of the great men who suffered, in past times, in England, 
for their nonconformity, — " skirmishers in the great fight for religion and liberty," — 
and tor the htst four or live years has been devoting his time as well as his artistic 
talent to the realization of liis design. In the course of his researches, he has discov- 
ered, in the possession of private individuals, several original portraits, the existence 
of which was not suspected. His collection of jjortraits of Puritan and Nonconform- 
ist ministers is now quite numerous, comprising many of the most celebrated names. 
He wihhes to include also the portraits of the j)uritan ministers, who were driven by 
persecution from our mother country, and settled in New-England, and has furnished 
the fallowing liintH about costume, to enal>le us to test the authenticity of paintings 
which are claimed to be portraits (jf these ministers : 

" During the reigns of (^ueen Elizal)eth and James I., ministers wore tlie 
round frill ; in that of Charles I., a change took place, and the large square collar or 
bands su{>planted the frill ; this continued din*ing the ])rotectorate, and on, through the 
reigns of Charles H. and James II., till about the revolution, lOSO, when these largo 
bands were modified int<j a smaller size, not much larger than those of the present 
day. Again, the puritans wore the hair in moderate curls, and a small black skull- 
cap, from about lOOO till lOiiU, wiu-n the black caj) gave way to the large curled wig 
of the fashii>n of" Lniis XIV. are guides about dates, whi(;h have helped mo 
to correct errors about thf.' names of i)ortraits, which are sometimes mihcalled. I 
find that John Cotton died in 1052. lie might have either the frill or lar^e .S(j[uaro 
collar (most likely the latter), and the bla(;k skull-cap. A print has just l)ecn lent 
me, called John Cotton, but it is at least 70 years later, having the large wig of 1700 
and after, therefore it is of no use." 

Further information may be obtained of 

18 Somerset St., Boston. John Ward Dean. 

Vol. XXVI. 18 

202 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Benmamix Bacnall. — From the treaBurer'e bcok of Cliarlestown, Mass., we learn 
that Bt'iijamin Ba^nall of Boston was jmid for cleanin<; the town clock, Au<rust 2*2, 
1721. ilc was of Cambridge, and had a wife Elizabeth, in 1729. Tliet^e facts I 
have ironi T. B. Wyman, Esq. A clock in the possession of the iS'ew-Eii<:;land His- 
toric, (Genealogical Society bears on its face, " Ben. Bagxall, Bostox." What more 
is known of this person ? Querist 

Saco in 1779. — The Continental Army. — 
"To the Selectmen of Pepperrellboro. 

We the Subscribers Inhabitants of said Pepperrellboro, request you to Call a 
Meeting of the Inhabitants of s*i Pepperrellboro, as soon as Possil)le to see if tliey 
will agree to Hire Six JNIen to Reinforce the Continental Army agreeable to a Resolve 
of this State of June 9t'i 1779, and to Hire Six Men more to go to Rhode Island 
agreeable to a Resolve of s'J State of June 9tii 1779 also to see whetlier the said In- 
habitants will for the future agree to Hire men to Reinforce the Continental army 
if any more requested. 

Also to see whether they will raise money sufficient for one or both of s^ Pur- 
poses. Pepperellboro, June 21, 1779. 

Thom=* Cutts. Joseph Brodburg. James Gray. 

Nathall Scammon. James Jose. Rich' Burke. 

Humphrey Pike. Sam^l Boothby. Samuel Dennet." 

The original is in the hand-writing of Col. Cutts. j. w. t. 

Virginia, — Its Historical Treasures. — Up to the beginning of the late war, no 
state had been more fortunate than Virginia in the faithful care with which her 
general and local records and documentary files had been guarded and preserved from 
decay or spoliation. The court records of the eastern counties in particular were 
rich in materials of an historic character, and it had long been hoped by many in 
and out of the state, that the day would soon come when the state or some of its 
citizens would cause these disjecta membra to be brought together and published in 
the form of a documentary history, worthy of this venerable commonwealth. 

Early in the late war, orders were issued to the clerks of the courts to send all their 
records and files, or at least the more ancient of them, to Richmond for greater safety. 
This prudent order was, for the most part, complied with, and the congregated trea- 
sures were stored there, in a building supposed to be safe from fire or other danger. 
But during the war (at what precise period we have not learned), this building and 
its precious contents were destroyed by fire. By this calamity an irreparal)le loss 
ensued to the state and to the cause of history ; for these records and files were full 
of historical matter dating from the first settlement of the colony, or from an early 
period of its history. 

But this is not the whole of the calamity that has befallen the state. It appears 
that during the war and the year following its close, both the state-library and the 
state- archives sufiered greatly from pillage and mutilation. After the war closed 
and soon after the appointment of a military governor, a stranger, said to be from 
the north, obtained permission to examine tlie records and files in the secretary-of- 
state's ofiice, and upon subsequent examination it is found that he carried away 
many documents and papers of great value and interest, and mutilated others ! 

For such vandalism there can be no excuse, and no punishment sufficiently adequate, 
unless it be to print the names of the villains where they will continue to be seen and 
read for ages to come. It is to be hoped that their names will be ascertained. It 
will give us unalloyed pleasure to contribute our aid toward their perpetual disi^race. 

We are gratified to see that at its present session the legislature of Virginia has 
passed an act, jn-epared and introduced by the Hon. Thomas 11. Wynne, providing 
for the assorting, arranging and indexing of what remains of its records and 
files, and for the publication of such of them as the Historical Society of the state 
may select. Dr. William P. Palmer, a gentleman eminently well qualified, has 
been chosen to superintend the work. 

The state has done a praiseworthy act, and it is to be hoped that future legisla- 
tures will encourage and promote what has thus been begun. We congratulate Mr. 
Wynne, and his associates, upon the honor of being the pioneers of a movement so 
timely and meritorious. 

The same legislature has passed another act, in i)romoting which, we see by the 
newspapers that Mr. Wynne took an active interest, namely, in restoring to use the 
ancient and beautiful seals of the state, adoi)tcd in 1779 and used down to the year 
18(55, when new seals were illegally employed, lu our next issue we propose to print 
an interebting paper on this subject. — [Editor.] 

1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Socletij. 203 

Fort Louis on Coxanicut, R. I.— The Question is asked (N. & Q., Register, ante, 
p. SO), whether the name of" Fort Louis," in tlie story of " Malbone," is merely 
** the lancy of the novelist." To this the novelist answers emphatically. No. He 
first saw the name in a little book called '"Sketches of Newport and Vicinity," pub- 
lished in 1842, and i^iviniij a irraphic account of Newport as it then appeared. The 
fort is there mentioned as '" the old Fort Louis." The author of the book, Sarah 
Cahoone, was either from Conanicut herself, or had relatives there, and she used the 
name which is still, I am told, traditional on that island ; tiiough in Newport the 
name of " Fort Dumpling " is more common. 

I am our best antiiiuaries, that it is impossible to ascertain definitely, — 
unless by searching the records of the war department at Washington, — the date at 
which the present fort was built. The tradition is, that it was built during the ad- 
ministration of John Adams, and on the site of the batteries of which your corres- 
pondent si)eaks, and which were, perhaps, mere earthworks. It may very probably 
have been built by a French engineer. lam informed by Commander j\Litthew8, if. 
S. N., now in charge of the Torpedo station on Goat Island, that he has recently 
found a stone with an inscription, giving the name of the engineer who built part 
of those fortifications, as La Roche Fontaine. He may also have built the fort on 
Conanicut, and the name of the French kin,:^ may have been the result of his person- 
al attachment, or of the popularity of the In-ench nation among the islanders, after 
our revolution. At all events it is a traditional name; and a novelist, choosing 
between two such names, has a right to take the more pleasing. It is also in this 
case the less inappropriate, as the fort is not on the Dumpling islands, but on a 
Peninsula of Conanicut, overlooking them. T. W. Higginson. 

Newport, R. I., March 18. 


Communicated by Rev. Doris Clarke, D.D., Historiographer. 

Gen. Asa IIowland. — lie was the eon of John and Grace (Avery) Ilowland, of 
Conway, Mass., where he was born Oct. 25, 1781, and where he died June 24, 1870. 
He was a descendant in the seventh generation from John Ilowland and his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Tilley, all of whom came in the Mayflower in 1620. 
The Flvmouth Records, in recording the death of John Ilowland, the Pilgrim, Feb. 
23d, 1072, state that he was the '' last man tliat was left of those that came ouer 
in the siiipp called the May Flower, that lined in Plymouth." 

The descent of (ien. Ilowland from Jo/ni^ Howland, was through his eldest son 
John,' who married Mary Lee, Oct. 26, 1051 ; John,^ born in Rarnstable, Dec. .31, 
107 1, and second wife Mary Crocker ; Job,'^ born June 18, 1726 ; John,'' born March 31, 
1757, and JnJm,^' his father, who married, June 1 , 1786, Grace Avery, born in Dedham, 
Auir. 17, 17.35, died Feb. 12, 1811, and who died himself Juno 17", 1813. 

Ifis maternal descent was from William Avery, who was (^f Dedham, 1653, and re- 
moved to I3<jston, where he died March 18, 1086, (See liridgeman's A't7ifj's Chapel 
Iyjji/o])/is,p. 301) ; through William,'^ Capt. William,^ and Dea. VVilha/n,'^ who mar- 
ried Ijetliia Metcalf, and had four sons and three daughters, one of whom was 
(J rare, ^ the mother of Gen. Ilowland. 

He was twice married : first, to IMiel^e Thompson, of Heath, Mass., Oct. 25, 1813 ; 
and in the second instance, to Mrs. Nancy Tilton, March 1, lH(il. Ho left no 

Gfu. Ilowland had several marked characteristics. He was a xrlf-made man; his 
early educational advantages were not of a liigh order, but he was oneof tiiose men, 
who find conff)ensation for such defects in their own natural and cultivated taste for 
readinL' and study. He was a carpenter by trade, and while he plied his i)rofes- 
.sion with great assiduity, his brain was still mon; actively employed. He early 
acquired a thirst for knowledtre, and he assiduously cultivated it, throu;rh his Ion:; 
ami uselul iile. 

\h' \\n<. ii man o^ rjrcat infhi.^(r)j ; when he was not engaged in his professional 
vocaiioii, he employed his time iu reading, writing and other literary lalx)rH, and 

204 N. E. Historic J Genealogical Society. [April, 

thus ficcnmiilated a larf^e fund of valuable information, — a fund bo large that no 
scholar could lon;j; be in his prencnce, and not perceive that he was quite at home 
upon all matters of history, of geography, of public improvement, and upon affairs 

He was a benevolent man. lie freely used the pecuniary means at his command 
in the establishment of schools and libraries in his native town, and in aiding indi- 
gent young men to obtain an education, especially if they intended to devote them- 
selves to the christian ministry. It was an evidence of the high estimation in which 
he w^as held, that for many years he was almost uniformly chosen to preside at the 
anniversaries of the benevolent societies in Franklin county, and his deep interest in 
the success of those institutions, as well as his personal dignity and courtesy, 
rendered him very popular as a presiding officer. 

Gen. Rowland had a decided taste for military affairs. For several years he was 
colonel of a regiment, in which capacity he responded to the call of the governor of 
the commonwealth in 1812, and served in a campaign of three months in the de- 
fence of Boston. Subsequently he rose to the rank of brigadier-general, and after- 
wards to that of major-general. He was a thorough disciplinarian, and his dignified 
and commanding presence on the parade ground will long be remembered by those 
who had the good fortune to see him on those great military occasions. But the 
brightest cem in the character of Gen. Ilowland was his consistent inety. Descend- 
ed from Pilgrim stock, he inherited much of the sound principle which has given 
the Pi Igrim a name almost above every other earthly name. He made a public pro- 
fession of his faith in Christ, July 7, 1822, and on Nov. 20, 1828, he was chosen a 
deacon in the orthodox Congregational Church in Conway, an ofBce which he held and 
honored for forty years. Though he was not destitute of deep emotion, the leading 
characteristic of his piety was principle rather than impulse. 

Gen. Rowland had very considerable taste for historical pursuits, and tliis society 
honored itself, as well as him, by electing him to a resident membership, which he ac- 
cepted Feb. 20, 1861. 

Hon. EzEKiEL Bacon. — The Hon. Ezekiel Bacon, who was elected a correspond- 
ing member of this society Sept. 18, 1847, was born in Boston, Mass., Sept. 1, 17TC, 
and died in Utica, N. Y., Oct. 18, 1870, at the advanced age of 94 years. He de- 
scended from an honorable ancestry. The line can be traced back to William Bacon, 
of Stratton, in Rutlandshire, £ng., about the year 1600. William Bacon had two 
sons, Henry and Nathaniel. The latter emigrated to this country in 1040. and 
settled in Barnstable, Mass. He was a councilman in the Plymouth colony. From 
him descended John first; from him, John second ; and from him, John third, who 
was the father of Ezekiel. John Bacon, the third John in the series, and the father 
of Hon. Ezekiel Bacon, was a man of so much distinction, that it seems proper 
briefly to state the more salient points in his history. He was born in Canterbury, 
Conn., in 1737, graduated at Princeton College, N. J., in 1765, was settled as a Pres- 
byterian minister in Maryland, in 1768, was installed pastor of the Old South Ciuirch 
in Boston, Mass., in 1772, was dismissed in 1775, when he removed to Stockbridge, 
Mass., and established himself there as an agriculturist. He still preached occasion- 
ally, but was almost constantly engaged in some civil office. He was several times a 
member of both branches of thelcginlature. He Avas president of the senate in the 
year 1803-4, a member of congress from 1801 to 1803, and a judge of the county 
court of Berkshire for more than twenty years. He was a man of strong powers of 
mind, a warm politician of the Jefferson school, and died at Stockbridge in 1820. at 
the age of 83. 

Tliis gentleman, the Rev. John Bacon, or Judge Bacon (it is difficult to .say which 
is the more appropriate designation), was a member of the legislative convention of 
1777-1778, which drafted a constitution for Massachusetts, presented it to the 
legislature, by which it was api)roved and submitted to the people, by whom it was 
rejected. George II. Moore LL.l)., the able librarian of the New-York Historical 
Society, has rescued from oblivion, and preserved in his " History of Slavery in ^Nlassa- 
chusetts," a terse and unanswerable speech delivered by oNlr. Bacon in that convention, 
in favor of admitting "negroes, Indians and mulattoes," to the right of suffrage. 
It would be pleasant, if this were the appropriate time and place, to present some 
extracts from that able address ; but 1 can only say that Mr. Bacon took the most 
advanced ground of the present day, as to the extension of the franchise, and ably 
advocated the most liberal views on that subject. The tone of that sjmm.vIi is the tone 
to which our ears have so lately become accustomed, and not the ring of a century ago. 

The Kev. John Bacon married Elizabeth Cuddtlnvaite, daughter of Ezekiel Gold- 

1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 205 

thwaite, an eminent citizen of Boston, and widow of Rev. Alexander Cumniinf;, 
his prtdect'ssor in the piistomte of the Old South Church. Wliile they wero on a 
visit to Boston, Ezekiel, their only son, tliesul)ject of the present memoir, was h;)rn ; 
and he was taken home to Stockt)ridiie in a chaise, which was the iirst pleasure car- 
riage that ever crossed over the Blandlord mountains, hi'tween tiie Connecticut and 
the llousatonic rivers. Hence it passed into a proverb in the family, that " Ezekiel 
went to Boston to be born." 

Ezekiel Bacon entered Yale Collej^e at the nice of 14, and was graduated in the 
class of 1794, read law in Jud^e Reeves's law school in Litchfield. C(mn., studied 
afterwards in the office of the celebrated Nathan Dane, of Beverly, Mass., and prac- 
tised for several years in Berkshire county, lie was a member of the Massachusetts 
legislature in 180G and '7 ; was the representative of Berkshire in the congress of 
the L'nited States from 1807 to 1813, serving on the committee of ways and means, 
and for one year during the war of 1812 its chairman, lie was then ai)pointed to 
the office of chief justice of the Circuit Court ol' Common Pleas for tlie western 
(Hstrict of Massacluisetts, which he iield, when he received the appointment from Mr. 
Madison of comptroller of tlie treasury of the Cnited States, which, owing to ill 
healtli, he was soon after obliged to resign, and removing to the State of New York, 
settled in Utica in the year 1816, where he has since resided. During this period he 
had represented the county of Oneida one year in the legislature, held the office of 
judge of the Common Pleas two years, and was a member of the constitutional 
convention of 1821. lie was nominated for congress in opposition to Henry R. Storrs 
.about the year 1824, and was defeated by a majority of less than 100 votes in a poll 
of several thousand. Since that period he has lived in private life, and during a 
large portion of the time suffered from protracted ill health and manifold bodily in- 
firmities. He was, at the time of his death, the oldest living graduate of Y'ale Col- 
lege, the oldest surviving member of congress, and undoubtedly the only living 
representative of the administration of Mr. Madison. He gave his first vote for Mr. 
Jefferson, in 1800, and his last for ]Mr. Lincoln, in 18C4, voting at every intervening 
presidential election between these two periods. 

!Mr. Bacon, like his father, was an ardent democrat of the Jefferson ion tj'pe. When, 
in early life, he was a member of the celebrated law school in Litchfield, Conn., he 
formed the acquaintance of Miss Abby Smith, daughter of the Rev. Reuben S)nith, 
D.D., of Litchfield, who was an equally prominent federalist. So high did politics 
run at that period, that Dr. Smith had very decided objections to have "la petit 
democrat," the little democrat, as jMr. Bacon was called, for a son-in-law. But at 
last his scruples were overcome, love triumphed over political j)rejudice, and Mr. 
Bacon married the daughter, on the 6th of Oct., 1799, They lived together in the 
most affectionate manner for the period of 63 years, when she died at the age of 83. 
An(jther fact, illustrating the political feeling which prevailed in that day, 
it may be proper to state. Mr. Bacon was invited to deliver an oration on the Fourth 
of July, in \Villiamstown, and a copy of it was obtained and publicly burnt by 
the students of the college. 

A ])ublic life, like that of Judge Bacon, stretching over nearly half a century, 
could not fail to be connected with many important incidents in our national history. 
At the one end, it touched our revolutionary history, and nt the other, the war of 
the rebellion. His youthful entliusiasm was kindled l)y the one, and at the other, 
though in very advanced age, he gave the cause of the union his wisest c )unsels, 
his devoted labors and his most fervent prayers. His long public life brouglit him 
into close connection with many distinguished men, such as President Madison, 
Albert Gallatin. \Vm, II. Crawford, Mr. Monroe, John Quiney A<l:niis, John C. 
Calhoun, Henry Clay, ^ViIliam Lowndes, Llbridge (ierry, (.'hancellor Kent, .\jnbrose 
Spencer and De \\ itt Clititon, and with Ju<lge Story he was rsjiecially intimate. 

Judge Bacon was not a fluent del)atcr, and when he spoke ( xtemj>oraneously it 
was with evident ombarraKsment : but when he prepured himself, he conducted an 
argument in which it was difficult to .say which predominated, his ample inf )rmati()n, 
his .sound logic, ids transparent statements, or his scathing sarcasm. His power of 
retort often made his oi)j)onent wince under the stroke, and in his cool(;r moments 
he sometimes flmnd oc'-asion to aj)ologize lor the .severity of tlio infliction. 

Judge Bacon was, withal, sonjething of a poet. He j)ublislied, principally for 
private circulation, a small V(Jume of poetical effusions, entitled '•iv/7'i Sjnmia.''^ 
He also j)ublishcd a lecture, which he had delivered at several places, entitled, 
^' Rccollrrdons of Fiftij Years Arjo^ Some fugitive pamphlets, and many articles in 
the public papers, pirticularly in the Oneida Whig and tlie Utica Daily Cazctte, 
also emanated from his pen. 

206 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

lie was also a man of f^reat liberality, and an enthueiastio worker in many 
brandies of hiuiiane iiiul christian labor. Ilis instincts wereiiiijh, pure, noble. A 
j)m itan l)y descent and by educati(;n, he exhibited many of the best traits of the 
puritan character, — a character whicli lias i;iv(.'n such power to the education, the 
civil liberty, and tlie reli;;ion of this enli^iit(;ned land. 

Judi;e liacon had live children, namely : Jo/in Henry, who died in 1834 ; William 
Jo/inso/iy now a^ed (37, who resides in Utica, N. Y., and who was, for IG years, a 
Judi^e of the ISupreme Court of the state of New-York ; Francis, now aired 03, and 
who is a banker in the city of New- York ; Elizabeth Goh/thwai/e, ttii;oA 58, and the 
wife of Henry Colt, Esq., of Pittsficld, Mass ; and Fanruj S/ni/h, the wife of 
Theodore Fomeroy, Esq., also of Piltslield. She died without issue, in 1851. John 
Henry, the oldest of Judge Bacon's children, has two sons still living. Judge 
William Johnson Bacon, of Utica, the third in the series of judges in the family, 
who have preserved the })urity of the judicial ermine of our country, had one son only, 
Adjutant William Kirkland J^acon, a young man of rare promise, who laid down 
his life upon the altar of ])atri()tism, in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., in the late 
war. The present Judi^e Bacon has favored the world with an excellent " Memorial '' 
of that beloved son, published by the American Tract Society of Boston. 

Rev. Ebenezer Burgess, D.D. — The Rev. Ebcnezcr Burgess, D.D., of Dedhara, 
[Macs., departed this lile Dec. 5, 1870. He was born in AVareham, Mass., April 1, 
1790, and consequently he was 80 years of age. He graduated at Brown University, 
in the cla^s of 1809, and at the Theological Seminary'in Andover in 1814. He tauglit 
in the high school in Providence, R. I., one year ; was tutor in Brown University 
1811-13, and professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in the University of 
Vermont, 1815-17. He accompanied the Rev. Samuel J. .Mills, that devoted servant 
of Christ, to Africa, as an agent of the American Colonization Societ}', to explore 
the western coast of that continent, and joined the colony of Liberia. They sailed 
from Philadelphia on that important mission, Nov. 1, 1817, and Mr. Burgess arrived 
home again Oct. 2*2, 1818. On their homeward voyage, Mr. Mills was taken sick 
and died, and his associate performed for him the last offices of personal friendship 
and ministerial duty, and committed his remains to the ocean. 

On the 14th day of March, 1821, Mr. Burgess was ordained pastor of the Firet 
Church of Christ in Dedham, and after a highFy judicious and successful ministry of 
40 years, he resigned the active pastoral duties March 13, 1861. 

In 1840, Dr. Burgess published ''The Dedham Pulpit,^' an octavo volume of 517 
pages. It contains a complete collection of the sermons which were published by 
the ministers of the First Church in Dedham, from 1038 to 1800. The Rev. John 
AUin was the first pastor of that church. He was born in England, in 1596, \\n8 
settled as pastor A))ril 24, 1639, dismissed by death Aug. 26, 1671, at the age of 75 
years. The Rev. AVilliam Adams was the second pastor. He was ordained Dec. 3, 
1673, and died Aug. 17, 1685, after a ministry of less than twelve years. The next 
pastor was the Rev. Joseph Belcher, who was chosen Nov. 29, 1693, and died sud- 
denly April 27, 1723, in the fifty-third year of his age, and in the thirtieth of his 
ministry. The Rev. Samuel Dexter was next ordained over that church ]May (i, 1724, 
and after a pastorate of nearly thirty-one years, died May 6, 1755. The Rev. Jason 
Haven was the next pastor. He was chosen Feb. 5, 1756, and died May 17, 1803. 
He was succeeded by tlie Rev. Joshua Bates, who was ordained colleague-pastor 
with Mr. Haven, March 16, 1803, and after a ministry of fifteen years, he resigned 
the office to accept the presidency of Middlebury College, Vt. Dr. Burgess was his 

In 1865, Dr. Burgess published the ^'Burgess Genealogy,'" an octavo volume of 
196 pages. It is confined to one branch only of the great Burgess family, namely, 
to that of Thomas Burgess, of I'lymouth colony. He was the earliest Americ-an 
ancestor of Dr. Burgess, and came to this country about the year 1630. The 
" Burgess Genealogy " is a work which shows great research and accuracy of detail. 
The sui>ject of this sketch was not a man who did anything at hap-hazard. His 
n)ind was distinguished for conii)reiiensivencss and order. Whatever he undertook 
was sure; to be executed thoroughly, and with good judgnuMit. His mental 
oj)eratioiis were distinguished f.'r cahnness and caution, rather than fu- ra])idity of 
moveiuent. Hence, his views of all suljects to which he had given his attention 
were eminently judicious, and he was a bold man who presumed to call them in 
question. He was a firm believer in the evangelical system of faith, si) called, and 
he held it and preached it in its broadest and most compre^en^ive relations. Next 
totheiiihle, the Westminster ConfesEiion of Faith uas his favorite theological text- 

1872.] N. E. Historic, Genealocrical Society. 207 

book, and thouixh he held what he rrganled to be the truth with an iincompromisinf^ 
spirit, it was still done witli as broad a charity as lie conceived to be consistent with 
fidelity to Christ. His prcachin*^ was distin«^uit^hed, perhaps, tor breadth and com- 
prehensiveness, rather than for pointedness and closenet^s of application. His labors 
in the Christian ministry were crowned with Divine benedictions, and many at the 
last day will '* rise up and call him l)lcssed." 

Dr. Burgess had a remarkably line physique. Dignified and graceful in his man- 
ners, with, perhaps, some appearance of precisencss, he would attract attention and 
command respect in any circle. His general bearing was decidedly of the " old 
school " type, specimens of which have already become so exceedingly rare, that they 
are regarded by the present generation almost as curiosities. He had a great deal 
of that peculiar and indescribal)le qualit}' which we term presence. Though h« was 
alTable, and sometimes even playful, every man was impressed with the leeling that 
he was not to be aj)proached too familiarly, — that his words were weighty, and that 
they were entitled to the gravest consideration. 

May '2*2, 1823, Dr. Burgess was married to Miss Abigail Bromfield Phillips, 
daughter of the Hon. William Phillips, of Boston. They were blessed with a family 
of seven children, namely : — 

William Phillips, b. June 8, 1824, and d. Dec. 3, 1827. 

Miriam Mason, b. July 19, 1825. 

Ehenezer Prince, b. July 2, 1826. 

Edward Puillips, b. June 28, 1827. 

Martha Crowell, b. May 9, 1829. 

Theodore P., b. June 23, 1830; d. April 27, 1835. 

Henry Martvn, b. Nov. 5, 1831; d. Feb. 7, 1832. 

Miriam Mason was married to the Rev. Dr. A. C. Thompson, Boston Highlande, 
June 1, 1870. 

El)enezer Prince irraduated at Amherst College in 1852, and was married, 1st, to 
Caroline F. Guild, ji^ov. 30, 1853, who died June 3, 1859. He is a physician in 

Their children were: — Abbie Phillips, b. Aug. 2C, 1854, d. April 24, 1855; Francis 
Guild, b. Feb. 17, 1856. 

He m., second, Ellen D. Holman, March 1, 1860. 

Tlieir children were: — Lucy Holman, b. May 20, 1862; Theodore Phillips, b. Dec. 
23, 1661. 

Edward Phillips graduated at Amherst College in 1852. Mar. Mary B. Kingsbury, 
daughter of John King.sbury, Providence, K. I., Dec. 13, 1855, who was b. June 
13, 1835. 

Their children were: — William Phillips, b. May 13, 1857 ; Sarah Kingsbury, b. Jan. 
29, 1860 ; John Kingsbury, b. Jan. 20, 1863 ; Edward Phillips, b. March 19, 1868. 

Dr. Burgess became the posses.sor of very considerable wealth ; and both 
himself and his estimable wife have long been distinguished for their judicious 
and large-hearted benevolence. Never, till the records of this earthly history 
are unrolled at the final day, will the numerous objects which have been 
blessed by tlieir liberal charities, or the amounts they have received, be fully known. 
This World has but few worthier men to lose than the subject of this imperfect sketch. 

Dr. Burgess was elected a resident member of this society, Dec. 5, 1862. 

lion. David Sears. The lion. David Scars was born in Boston, Oct. 8, 1787, 
and died at his residence on Beacon .street, in that city, Jan. 14, 1871, at the age of 
83. He was a descendant, in the sixth generation, from Richard ISears, " the Pil- 
grim." who. driven by persecution from fiis native land, sought refuge among the 
Pilgrims in Holland, came to this country, laiidc<l at Plymouth, Mass., in 1630, and 
died in 1676. His eldest S'>n, Knyvet Scars, was born in V'uniioiith, M;iss., 1635, 
married Klizabetb Dymoke, and died in lf)86. 

Dani«-1 Sears, 1st, of Chatham, Mass., the elder son of Knyvet, wns ))orn in 1682, 
married Sarah Hawes, and died in 1756. Daniel Sears, 2d, of Ciiatham, S)ii()f 
Daniel 1st, of Chatham, was bom in 1712, married Fear Freeman, and died in 17()1. 
David Sears, 1st, of Boston, son of Daniel, 2d, of Chatham, was born in 17.52; re- 
moved to Boston in 1770; married Ann Winthroj), a lineal des<endant of John 
Winthrop, tin; first goveriK»r of Massachusetts, ami died in 181(5. He h^ft an only 
Bon, Davi(l, the subject of the [jrcscnt ^k«;tcli. David, 2d, inherited from his father 
the largest estate which had de-sfM-ndcd to any young man in Boston, aiiiouiititig to 
8ome eight hundred tiiousjind dollars, which his father had accumulated in the 
China trade. David graduated at Harvard College, in the class of 1807, of which 

208 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [k^vW, 

there are on the triennial catalogue, the names of but two survivors, namelj', Mr. 
David ]5;ites, and Mr. William Thomas. Subsequently he studied law in the office 
of the Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, but he never practi.sed his profession. In early 
life, he took a deep interest in public affairs, and for a while was commander of the 
Cadets. In politics he was a whi^ and wrote many articles for the papers of the 
day, upon topics of national interest. He was a member of the state senate in 1851, 
an overseer for many years of Harvard College, and was also president of the Mas- 
sachusetts Humane Society. At the last presidential election, he was a member of 
the electoral college, and was the temporary president of that body. 

In business affiiirs, Mr. Sears was enterprising, though he rarely engaged in any 
undertaking, unless he was quite sure that it would be pecuniarily successful. He 
was one of the corporators who built India wharf in this city, and the State street 
block, and was one of the largest proprietors of the Fifty Associates. His mansion 
house on Heacon street, recently purchased for a club house, by the Somerset Club, 
was erected by him nearly fifty years ago, and is said to have been the first dwelling- 
house of hewn granite ever erected in this city, and at the time of its erection was 
regarded as the finest residence in Boston. 

^Ir. Sears was benevolent. His benefactions for the relief of the destitute and 
for public purposes were numerous, and bestowed with much discrimination ; but 
considering his vast wealth, Avhich had long been accumulating by his judicious in- 
vestments, his benevolence has perhaps been exceeded by others of comparatively 
less pecuniary means. It is understood that most of his large estate was bequeathed 
to his relatives'and friends. 

Mr. Sears's religious views were both outspoken and peculiar. He built and sup- 
ported a church at Longwood, for the purpose of carrying out his favorite plan for 
promoting christian unity. 

The wife of Mr. Sears, who died but a few months ago, was a sister of Jonathan 
Mason, and another sister married Dr. John C. Warren. Four daughters were 
married respectively to Mr. Wm. Amory ; Count d'Hauteville, a Swiss nobleman ; 
Mr. Rives, a son of Hon. Wm. C. Rives, of Virginia, and Mr. George C. Crownin- 
shield. Three sons survive him, David, Jr., Frederick R., and Knyvet W. 

Mr. Sears was elected an honorary member of this society and accepted, Sept. 13, 


Boston^ Massachusetts, Wednesday, February Q, 1872. A monthly meeting was 
held at the Society's House, No. 18 Somerset street, this afternoon, at three o'clock, 
the president, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

Samuel H. Wentworth, the recording secretary, read the record of the proceed- 
ings at the annual meeting, which was approved. 

John AVard Dean, the librarian, reported that during the month of January, 64 
volumes, 304 pamphlets, 19 Roman coins, some ancient documents and a large 
quantity of genealogical manuscripts had been presented to the society. 

Thanks were voted to Lewis Slack, of BrookJine, for the present of two volumes of 
a newspaper printed at Boston, entitled The Independent Chronicle and Universal 
J.rff;er;fiscr, for five years, from 1777 to 1781, inclusive; to William H. "Whitmore, 
of Boston, for eight volumes of the Boston Evening Transcript , from August, 1858, 
to July, 1863 ; to William Duane, of Philadelphia, for a manuscript translation by 
himself of a journal kept in French, from 1782 to 1785, by his uncle, Benjamin 
Franklin Bache, then a youth, at Geneva, Passy and Paris, and on his return to 
this country ; and to the Prince Society, for the manuscript copy of John Dunton's 
Letters from New-Enc/land, from which their volume was printed, and a manu- 
script copy of Mercurius Anti-mechanicus , attributed to Rev. Nathaniel Ward. 

Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accepting 
membership ; but as a full list of the members admitted during the year will be print- 
ed with the proceedings at the next annual meeting, their names will l)e (miitted here. 

The board of directors nominated seven candidates for resident membership, and 
one candidate for corresponding membership, who were balloted for and elected. 

Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., tlie historiograjiher, read biographical sketches of two 
deceased members, namely, William Saxton Morton, of Quincy, and And Emerson, 
of Bost(m. 

Samuel G. Drake read a paper entitled. Sir Alexander Cuming amoivj the Chero- 
kecs, or Facts in the early History of Georgia. This paper, it is expected, will sliortly 
appear in the Register. 

1872.] Book-Notices. 209 

The Hon. Ber*. A. G. Fuller, of Boston, read an interestinf^ paper, founded upon 
a collection of documents and autoii:rai)h letters of Uenjainin Franklin and his si.-'ter, 
MvB. Jane Mccom, and also I'rom Josiah Fiagg and Kiehard JUaclie, which he read 
to the meeting and presented to the Society. Thanks were voted for the paper and 
for the donation. 

The Hon. James D. Green, of Cambridge, presentt^d a volume of family documente, 
consisting of deeds, wills, inventories and other jvapers, pertaining; to the estates of 
James Green, of Maklen, and his descendants, for hve generations and a period of 
two hundred years ; for which valuable present thanks were voted. * 

Boston^ March 6. A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder 
in the chair. 

The recording secretary read the record of the proceedings of the last meeting, 
which was approved. 

The librarian reported as donations during the month of February, 128 volumes 
(including 10 bound volumes of newspa pel's and 2 manuscript volumes), 138 |)am- 
phlets, 5 ancient coins, and a fac-similc in plaster of an early wax medallion of 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting membership from several 

A biographical sketch of the Rev. James Thurston, of West Newton, a member of 
the society recently deceased, was read. 

The board of directors nominated seven candidates as resident members, and one 
as corresponding, wlio were elected by ballot. 

The president read a letter from John AVells Parker, of Boston Highlands, a 
member of the s jcicty, promising the society a series of Massachusetts newspapers 
for about one hundred veal's. 

Frederic Kidder, of ^lelrose, read an interesting paper entitled Flora McDonald 
in America, in which he gave the history of her American life from her arrival in 
North Carolina, in the shij) Baliol, in 1774, to her departure in 1779 or 1780, mostly 
collected during Mr. Kidder's residence in North Carolina many years ago, and 
largely from the recollection of aged persons who had known the heroine. 


Dictionary of American Biography^ including Men of the Time; containing 
nearly Ten lliousand Notices of Persons of loth Sexes of Native and 
Foreign Birth, who have been Remarkable or Prominently Connected 
with Arts, Sciences, Literature, Politics, or History of the Americati Con- 
tinent. Giving also tJie Pronunciation of many of the Foreign and Pecu- 
liar American Names, a Key to the Assumed Names of Writers, and a 
Supplement. Wy FitANX'is S. Dkakk. Boston: James K. Osgood iind 
Company. 1871. Royal octavo, pp. xvi. & 1019. 

There is no one class of reference-bcjoks for which the careful student or th(> intelli- 
gent reader has more frequent, than biographical dictionaries; and tlie benelit as 
well as satisfciction U) be derived from such aids, is proporti(^ned to their fidness and 
accuracy. By the word fulness, we mean tlie inimherof tlie biographies and the amount 
of information collected ; but whether the iuiiiih(,'r lie great or small, or whether the 
biograjdiies be brief or extended, their main vahn,' dej^ends upon their accuracy, espe- 
cially in the matter of names and dates. Failure in this resp(!(;t is subversive of all 
contidence. \\ e need not, and do ncjt, i>ay mu(;h h<'ed to an author's oj)ini(^nH, or to 
his judgments upon men or measures, if we Iind him careless in his hicts. If the 
fraujework of his edifice is defective, no amount of j)ainting, or gilding, or literary 
upholstery can render his structure either sale or inviting. 

To most i^ersons it may seem to be a liglit tahk, in these days of a teeming press, 
and in view of tlu; vast accumuhition of bo-ik-, p:iniphh'ts and nt^wspapcrs in j)iil)lio 
and private libraries, to com]>ile a good biogriijthieal dictionary, which hhall emltnice 
the most im};ortant part of the personal history of the eminent dead, and scari ely 

Vol. XXVI. 19 

210 Booh Notices. [April, 

more difficult to collect the history of the most distinguished among the living ; but 
it will r('(iuire only very little experience in labor of this sort, to satisfy any one, 
that, ^vllile it is comparatively easy to collect the more general facts in most men's 
lives, it is far more difficult, and often quite imposriible, to ascertain with exactness 
even the dates and places of their birth and death. This is true of even many dis- 
tinguished characters. Hie labor, hie opus rsi. 

A biographical dictionary sliould contain the biographies of the mcst eminent 
and useful men and women in every calling or profession, and it should present 
the facts in as condensed a form as may be consistent with clearness of statement 
and justice to the subject. Discussions, opinions, theories, elaborate criticisms 
and eulogies are of little use here, for at best they generally embody the opinions of 
the author only; and while his judgments upon some subjects might be readily 
taken and accepted, yet it could not be claimed for any man, with a reasonable ce- 
gree of candor, that he is fully competent to render a critical judgment, or to fairly 
interpret the judgment of others, outside the sphere of his own special studies. 
Still less of practical value, and always out of place in works of this class, is what- 
ever savors of political or religious prejudice. The temptation to indulge in this, 
which may be called one of the natural habits of the mind, is peculiarly strong in 
biographical writing, where it is often seen in its most offensive forms. Few men 
are so constituted as to be able to grasp and give due weight to all the facts and cir- 
cumstances of another man's life, and to exercise that "charity" which "never 
faileth" toward men from whom they differ. Especially is this true of one's own 
contemporaries ; in our judgments of whom, we often forget that the verdict of pos- 
terity is not as yet made up; and that, — because the jurors who are to pronounce 
that verdict, will pass upon acts, motives and characters, in a more dispassionate 
temper, and from a wider survey and fuller knowledge of the facts, than we can 
possibly have, — our present judgments are more likely to be reversed than otherwise. 
This is a self-evident truth, and ought to serve as a warning ; but is is seldom heed- 
ed ; and so, every day, we are called upon to accept the judgments of others, and 
they to accept ours, in regard to men and events, as if there were to be no appeal 
to distant ages, or to calmer times. 

A truly serviceable biographical dictionary, then, should be comprehensive in 
subjects, accurate in details, and candid in style and temper. Two general plans 
will naturally suggest themselves for such a work ; both based upon what we may 
designate as territorial considerations, namely : the universal^ and the national or 
continental. Of biographical dictionaries prepared upon the universal plan, the 
Biographie Universelle, Ancienne et Moderne ; tlie Nouvelle Biographic L'niverselle, 
Lempriere^s Universal Biography and Appleton^s Cyclopaedia of Biography ; and of 
the national. The Biographia Britannica and Allen^s Dictionary of American 
Biography, are familiar examples. 

The more limited the territory covered by a biographical dictionary the greater the 
chances are that it will be carefully prepared, and especially so if the author is of 
the same race and country as the persons about whom he writes. Besides, the uni- 
versal dictionary must necessarily be a voluminous work, and therefore less likely to 
be the subject of such frequent revisions as are desirable. 

A dictionary of American biography, constructed upon the plan and in the style 
of which we have given an outline, has long been a desideratum. Such a work can- 
not be the creation of a day or of a year. It must be the product of large reading, 
great industry and conscientious research: all of which require time, energy, zeal, 
and critical ability. Few men have been competent to the task, and fewer yet have 
had the almost infinite patience re(]iuisite for such an undertaking. 

Tiiere have been numerous attempts in the United States to supply this want. The 
first was Dobson^s edition of the Encyclopa3dia Britannica, publisiied in Pliiladclphia 
in 1798. This was followed, in 1802, by Hordic's New Universal Biography and 
American Remembrancer, in 4 volumes. In 1809, Eliofs New-England Biograph- 
ical Dictionary, and Allen's American Biographical and Historical Dictionary ajipear- 
cd, each in one volume. Both were conHned to notices of deceased persons. Eliot's 
is a work of <jreat merit, but it was hastily prejMued, and failed to satisfy even its 
author (see his letter to Dr. Bentley, ante, vol. xxv. p. 20). The first edition of 
Allen's dictionary contained notices of about 700 perscms. The second edition, pub- 
lished in 1832, contained over 1100 articles, and this edition was remarkably free 
from errors. In 1857, a third edition, shorn of nnieh of the strictly historic matter 
of tlie hrst, was issued, and the title of his book was changed to " Dictionary of 
American IJio'^raphy." Tiiis contains about 7000 articles, and abounds in errors. 

D)'. Allen's dictionary is a very useful work, but it is characterized by its author's 

1872.] Boolc-Notkes. 211 

well-knoTm peculiarities and robust prejudices. One of the humors of the day is 
that Dr. Allen fervently and equally disliked Unitarians and federalists, and that 
this appears quite as much in what he excluded from his dictionary, as in his manner 
of treatini; these two classes of pereons. 

The American edition of Rees's New Cyclopredia, in 47 volumes, next appeared ; 
this was followed, in 1825, by an American edition of Lcmpriere s Universal Biog- 
raphy, edited and furnished with additional articles, relating to deceased citizens of 
the United States, by Eleazar Lord. The Encyclopicdia Americana, in 13 volumes, 
a portion of which was devoted to biography, was published between the years 1829 
and 1833. Bkikc's General Biographical Dictionary, in one volume, was published 
in 1836, and a revised and enlarged edition of the same was issued in 185G. Apple- 
ton's Cyclopajdia of Biography, edited by the Rev. Dr. Hawks, assisted by Dr. Robert 
Tomes, appeared in 185G. This is a valuable and scholarly work. AppIeton\s New 
American Cyclopaedia, in 16 volumes, was published in 1858-62; and Applet on' s 
Annual Cyclopirdia was begun in 1861. Nine volumes of the latter have been 
published. Each of the works above named contains a largo amount of bio- 

fraphical matter, but neither can properly be styled a dictionary of American 

Besides the works already cited, there have appeared from time to time, during the 
last one hundred years, numerous collections of biographies, such as Bclknap^s 
American Biography, in 2 volumes ; Sparks's American Biography, contained in two 
series of 10 and 15 volumes rec^jiectively ; Sabine^s Loyalists (a work of extraordi- 
nary research and of the highest authority) ; the National Portrait Gallery of 
Distinguished Americans, in 4 volumes, commenced by Longacre and Herring, in 
1833, and completed in 1839; the National Portrait Gallery and Eminent Ameri- 
cans, in 2 volumes, by E. A. Duyckinck, published in 1862 ; and other similar 
works of various degrees of merit. There have also been numerous publications 
devoted to biographies of some one distinct class of persons, as lawyers, &c. 

These works are limited in scope, and confined, almost exclusively, to deceased 
persons, and to those who were either citizens, or in some way connected with 
the history, of the United States only. No one of them, certairdy, is continental. 
They are almost all of them restricted to a very few classes of persons, and do 
not include the names of many men whose labors and achievements have contributed 
to the progress of the country in the arts and sciences, and other productive in- 

The work whose title is at the head of this notice, is the first attempt at a complete 
hand-b'xjk of American biography. The author has consumed many years in 
its production, and has had the aid of the labors of all who jn-eceded him, and of 
larger and more accesssil)le libraries than they enjoyed. He aimed, it appears, to 
furnish precisely such a reference-book of biography as we have stated to have })een 
a pressing need of tlie times. He aimed to make his book continental in its range ; 
t-) give at least an outline of the lives of his sul)jects, and to embrace in his list, as 
far as jjossible, all who have been or now are distinguished for general ]:)ublic ser- 
vices, for special acts of importance to mankind, f jr eminence in the professions, for 
marked ability in any direction, and for special usefulness in any and all the 
departments of human labor. 

The host test of such a book as this is its use ; but applying the rules we have 
laid down to this book, we are satisfied that the autlior has very succe^^sfully 
accomplished liis purpose, and ])laced the literary public, and especially students and 
editors, under great obligations for this timely help. 

In the first place, we find that names and dates are given in full when known ; and 
that a great multitude of errors which iiave passed without c >ntradiction, and almost 
without question, from book to book, for years, are here corrected. The author seems 
to have generally followed tlie sound rule of goini^ to original sources for his infor- 
mation ; and while he has in a very few instances l)een misled by his authorities, the 
wonder is, that, amid the frequently discrepant statements which he has had to C(m- 
8ult, lie has lM:j('n able t) ascertain tfie facts witii S) much jjrecision. In his more 
extende<l sketclips of statesmen, politicians, theologians and soMiers, with very few 
exceptions, he has succeeded in avoiding the expression of his own religious or 
politi(.'al opinirms. 

Wo l.ave said that the l)ook is continental. We find, f()r the first time in a single 
Amerif^n book, articles relating not only to persons once or now residents or citi- 
zens of, or nt some time connected with, the Lnite<I Stiit<^^, but articles con(;erning 
persons prominently connected with the history of Canada and other IJritish Ame- 
rican Provinces, Mexico, the South American States, and tlie West Indies. 

2 1 2 Book-Notices, [April; 

Among the many articles concerning celebrities, not found elsewhere, are those 
relating to Laudonniere, French explorer of Florida ; Capt. Eobert Gray, the dis- 
coverer of Columbia River ; Ulloa, the discoverer of California ; Mencndez, the foun- 
der of St. Augustine, the oldest city in the United States ; Liguest, founder of 
what is now the city of St. Louis; Arraand, Fleury, Dillon, Deuxponts, and other 
French ofiieers w'ho served with diHtinction in our war for independence ; and Gens. 
Grant, Frazer and other Jiritish officers opposed to us in that war. There are arti- 
cles also upon the Rev. Elias Smith, founder of the first religious newspaper in the 
United States; upon Edwin, Longacre and other engravers; Frazee and others among 
sculptors; Du Snnitierc and other painters ; Latrobe and others among architects. 
Of inventors we also find, for the first time in any dictionary, the names of Bab- 
bitt, — from whose inventive skill has flowed greater benefits in the direction of our 
ocean steam-navigation than from any other source, — Burden, Blanchard,and others. 
Interesting articles are also given upon Ralph Lane, Sir Thomas Dale, Count Fron- 
tenac, Don B. De Galvez, James llardie, Chev. Gerard, Henry Ellis, Gen. Greaton, 
Josiah llarmar, Stephen lligginson, William Lee (brother of Arthur), Eleazar Lord. 
There are also new facts as to the birth-place of Columbus (unknown to Irving), 
and articles upon Capt. John Mason, founder of the province of New-Hampshire, 
De Kalb, Arthur St. Clair, Dr. Edward Bancroft', Sir George Downing, Sir Ferdi- 
nando Gorges, Silas Deane and hundreds of others : educators, authors, poets, engi- 
neers, inventors, artists, lawyers, physicians, clergymen, editors, politicians, states- 
men, manufacturers, agriculturists and soldiers, living and dead. We find also 
the names of many Indian chiefs, and that the true pronunciation of the most diffi- 
cult names is indicated. The book embraces the names of many of the most able or 
conspicuous officers in the late war, both of the army and navy. The latter has 
generally been too much overlooked in works of this kind. 

Although this book contains nearly ten thousand articles, yet we quickly miss the 
names of not a few persons whom we think ought to have been included. However, 
when we bear in mind that the object was to produce a hand-hook of biography, we see 
that not only the number of articles, but the space allotted to each, must be limited. 
In view of the fact that this book is not only intended for the use of people of purely 
historical or literary tastes, but of those of a wide diversity of tastes, — not for those 
of one state of our union only but for all, — it is no easy matter to determine what 
persons should be included in a work of this kind, and what excluded. We pre- 
sume the author has found this one of his most difficult tasks. To say that he has 
never erred, would be fulsome flattery ; for it would be to attribute to him a de;^ree 
of knowledge and judgment that is not to be found in the wisest mortal. It will be 
objected against this dictionary that it is too local ; but every such work is so and 
always will be, no matter by whom prepared or from what part of the country it 
emanates. For our part, we would not exclude a single article from this volume, and 
only regret that it is not fuller. 

The author evidently did not intend this book to be simply a biography of heroes, 
nor of the most eminent personages only ; but a guide to the names of persons wdio 
have rendered public or private service worthy of being specially noted. Those 
who desire fuller information of the more distinguished personages, are referred by 
the author to the sources from which it can be obtained. 

AVe had marked a few errors in names and statements for notice here, but no one 
of tliem is really vital, and nearly all are such as will be apparent to most persons 
of ordinary intelligence. 

A Memorial of Francis L. Hawks, D.D., LL.D. By Evert A. Dutc- 
KiNCK, Esq. Read before the New- York Historical Society, May 7, 
18G7. With an Appendix of Proceedings, etc. New- York: 1871. 
8vo. pp. 16G. 

A Memorial of Henry Theodore Tackerman, By Evert A. Duyckinck. 
Read before the New-York Historical Society, Jan. 2, 1872. AVith an 
Appendix of Proceedings. New- York : Printed for the Society. 1872. 
8vo. pp. 15. 

In the works before us, Mr. Duyckinck has paid a tribute of affectionate respect 
to two of his literary and personal friends, both of whom had been his associates as 
mei.i])ers of the New- York Historical Society. To the Rov. Dr. Hawks, that society 
is particularly indebted. He found it, some twenty -five years ago, in a languid state, 

1872.] Book- Soi ices. 213 

and by the exertions of himself and friends, infuBcd into it new vigor, gave it the aid 
of hi-s great personal inlluenee, and 1)3' his pen and ])ablic lectures, created a sympa- 
thy lor its objects among the community. Mr. Tuckerman was also active in the 
.service of the society and for many years was a member of its committee on fine arts. 
The lives and characters of these two authors, and the talents of tiieir biographer, 
are too well known to the readers of the Register to need our eulogy. J. w. d. 

Catalogue of the Historical Society of DeJajrare. With its Histonj^ Constitution 
and By-Laws and List of Members. Wihningtou : 1871. 8vo. pp. 23. 

The Historical Society of Delaware was organized in 1864. An account of the 
proceedings on this occasion will l)e found in the Hegister, vol. xix. p. 191. Hon. 
vVillard Hall, a native of New-England, has been the president from its organization 
to the present time. The society is collecting a valuable library ; and we trust 
that a long career of usefulness is before it. Two historical societies had previously 
been formed in this state, but both were short-lived. j. av. d. 

The Semi- Centennial Memorial of the Universalist Chirrch^ Roxhury. Boston: 
Universalist Publishing House. 1871. 8vo. pp. 108. 

A Semi- Centennial Discourse before the First Congregational Society in 
Bridgewater^ delivered on Lord's Day^ 1 Ith September, 1871. By Richard 
Manning Hodges, a former Minister of the Society. With Historical 
Notes. Cambridge: Press of John AVilson & Son. 1871. 8vo. pp. 59. 

Centennicd Address delivered on the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Or- 
ganization of the First Baptist Church, South Chelmsford, Mass. By the 
Pastor, George H. Allen. With the Poem icritten by Mrs. M. B. C. 
Slade, of Fcdl Fiver, Mass., together with the Original Hymns, and an 
Account of the Centennial Celebration. Lowell: Marden & Kowell. 1871. 
8vo. pp. 33. 

Semi- Centennial Discourse delivered on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Or- 
ganization of the Baptist Church in East Haverhill, Mass., Jan. 3, 1872. 
By Edmund Worth, Pastor of tlie Baptist Church, Kennebunk Vil- 
lage, Me. Haverhill: Woodward & Palmer, Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 40. 

Much historical information is preserved in commemorative publications like these, 
and it gives us pleasure to chronicle their appearance. The tasteful volume, whose 
title is given fh-st in the above list, contains the services at the fiftieth anniversary 
of the de<lication of the Universalist Church in lloxbury. That church was dedicated 
Jan. 4, 1821, and has since had six pastors, namely. Revs. Hosea Ballou, 2d, D.D., 
Asher Moore, Cyrus H. Fay, William H. Ryder, 1).I)., J. G. Bartholomew, D.D,, 
and Adoniram J. Patterson. Portraits of all of these clergymen are given, and all 
of them, except the first, survive, and took ))art in the exercises on this occasion. 

The second book commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the author's settlement 
in 1821, as pastor of the church in the South Parish of Rridgewater, then tlie second 
in tliat town, but by the separation the next year of the West Parish, in which 
the church organized in IGOl was located, this church, organized in 171(5, became the 
First Church in Bridgewater. 

The First Baptist Church in Chelmsford, to whose history the third pamphlet is 
devoted, was organized in October, 1771. The church has had eight pastors, namely. 
Revs. Elisha Rich, Abishai Grossman, John I'eckins, J. C. Boomer, J. F. Wiggin, 
J. P. Farrar, and George H. Allen, the present pastor, who is the j)rcacher of this 
centennial discourse. 

The last jiubliration whose title we print contains the services at the celebration 
last January, of the fiftieth anniversary of the Bajjtist Cinirch in East nnvcrhill. 
During these fifty years, twelve pastors have been settled here, namely. Revs. Wil- 
liam IJowen, Caleb Clark, Asa Niies, Otis Wing, B. Knight, Isaac Woodbury, J. 
M. Harris, Addison Brown, Edward Humphrey, W. H. Dalrymple, Andrew J)unn 
and C. P. Melleney, the present pastor. Like the other works noticed in this article, 
this pam[ihlet preserves much material which v.- ill be found of eervico by the state 
or town historian. j. w. D. 

Vol. XXVI. *17 


214 Booh Notices. V^W'A 1 

Lyman Anniversary. Proceedings at the lieunion of tlte Lyman Family, 
held at Mt. Tom and Sprinc/jield^ Mass., Auyust 30th and 31st, 1871. _f^ 
Albany: Joel Mimsell. 1871. 8vo. pp. GO. ■ 

An Account of the Silver Wedding of Mr. and Mrs. F. P. Draper, at West^ ■ ; 
ford, N. Y., Friday Evening, June IG, 1871, including the Historical Es- 
says on the Draper and Preston Families, read on the occasion ; and also , j 
the Poem, Addresses and other Exercises. Albany ; Joel Muusell. 1871. |:! 
8vo. pp. 32. j 

We rejoice that family gatherinirs of every variety are increasing, and that they | 
are made, as is the case with those to v\rhich these pamphlets relate, the occasion for j 
preserving historical and genealogical information. J. w. d. | 

City of Boston. Annual Report of the Chief of Police, for 1871. I 

The author of this report, Edward XL Savage, published, in 1865, a History of \ 

the Boston Watch and Police from 16.31 to that year. A noticeable feature of this i 

report for the genealogist is the full lists which are given this year of the members | 

of the police, with their birthplaces and the terms each member has served. j 

J. W'.D. ^ 

Public Ledger Almanac, 1872. Geo. W. Childs, Publisher, Philadelphia. ■•. 
12mo. pp. 56. I 

This publication, which has now been issued three years, is annually distributed, ! 
as a Christmas present, among his subscribers, by the publisher of the Public 
Ledger, the well-known Philadelphia newspaper. It is a hand-book of political and 
statistical information concerning the general government and that of Pennsylvania, 
and is particularly full concerning the city of Philadelphia. It will prove a useful 
gift to its recipients. j. w. d. 

Chronicles of the Town of Easthampton, County of Suffolk, New- York. By 
David Gardiner. New-York: 1871. 8vo. pp. 121. 

This is a valuable contribution to the local history of Long Island. It treats most- 
ly of the period anterior to the American revolution, in only a few points bringing 
the chronicles down to a later period. The account of the aborigines is full and 
apparently thorough. The history of several of the early English families is well 
developed and very interesting. The appendix contains copies of original documents 
of great value, which are thus preserved, we may say forever, from the hazards of 
time and fire. The printing is creditably done by Brown & Co., New-York. AVe 
are glad to see that, though a thinnish book, its pages are in the generous octavo, 
so much more suitable and convenient for local history than the dwarfish duodecimo. 

E. F. S. 

Spalding Memorial: a Genealogical History of Edward Spalding, of 3fas- 
sachusetts Bay, and his Descendants. By Samuel J. Spalding, New- 
buryport, Mass. Boston : Alfred Madge & Son, Printers, No. 3 -4 School 
Street. 1872. 8vo. pp. 619. 

"Whoever carefully examines this voluminous family history will, we think, agree 
with us, that Dr. Spalding has brought to this work unusual industry, care and 
judgment, and that his efforts have been crowned with eminent success. His style 
is clear, compact and simple. These qualities go far to- inspire a belief tliat the 
Tvork is accurate in detail, as well as scholarly in style and systematic in arrange- 
ment. The experience of the last twenty-five years presents a series of gradual im- 
provements in the structure of family histories, rising from great crudeness into 
scientific exactness and simplicity. There can be no possible excuse at this time for 
publishing a work of this sort that is either comj)licated or confused in its arrange- 
ment. It is entirely feasible to weave together the names of five thousand persons, 
or any larger numbt-r if you please, ail bearing a kindrtnl relation to each other, in 
such a manner, that any one of tliem can be Ibund without the slightest inconve- 
nience, and iiis relation traced to any of the others. A child that can read with 
facility and has a fair capacity, can, we venture to say, be tanglit in ten minutes to 
master the system of arrangement in the volume before us. There are but two or 
thrge things to be observed^ We do not think any system can be more simple than 


1872.] Book-Notices. 215 

this. The names are all numbered from first to last consecntivelj^ and, if the name 
appears twice, it is followed b}' the number in brackets, where it may be found again 
in the consecutive line. As soon as the eye falls upon a name you may know^, if no 
number in brackets follows it, that it does not appear again ; if it is followed _ by a 
number in brackets, then you may know precisely where in the consecutive line it 
is again to be found. The references are both ways. VV here a name first appears as a 
child you are referred forward to where it appears as the head of a family ; and where 
it appears as the head of a family you are referred back to where it appears as a child. 
The indexes all rei'er to consecutive numbers, so that when you have got the num- 
ber wanted from the index, you are carried directly to the name, and are not 
compelled to look through a whole page before you find it. 

As nearly all of the members of the tamily for whom books of this class are de- 
signed are wholly unacquainted with the subject, when the book comes to their 
hands it should be as simple as possible, and not so complicated as to be a never-end- 
ing source of annoyance. The writers of these histories should remember that the 
system of reference which they adopt, is not for those who are already familiar with 
them, but for such as are entirely ignorant of them, and moreover are not experi- 
enced or skilful in finding out intricate and complicated arrangements. 

The introduction in the volume before us contains much valuable information in 
relation to the name of Spalding in England, but does not aim to connect tlie Ame- 
rican with any English branch. 

The entire contents of the volume are put within the reach and ready use of the 
reader by very full and well arranged indexes. The work is illustrated by ten ex- 
cellent steel engravings of some of the more prominent members of the family, and 
embellished with the coat-armor of several European families of the name, exqui- 
sitely done in heraldic colorings. The letter-press is excellent, and the mechanical 
execution is every way satisfactory. 

There are some suggestions relating to matters of minor importance which we 
think may be properly made. 

The pedigrees thrown into parentheses, a very important item in a family history, 
would strike the eye more agreeably, if they were printed in Italics. 

The graduates of colleges, if arranged according to the date of graduation, would 
show at a glance the early movement of the family towards a liberal education, and 
its progress and growth in this direction. Every thing in a family history should 
contribute to illustrate the family. 

The names of those who have been in the military service do not appear to be 
arranged with the author's usual care, and it does not appear that all of them are 
descendants of Edward Spalding. But these defects are after all as spots on the sun, 
and are only more apparent from the excellence of the w^ork as a whole. e. f. s. 

Records of the Proprietors of Narraganset ToivnsJdp, No. 1, noiv the Town 
of Buxton^ York County, Maine, from August 1, 17'33, to January 4, 1811. 
With a Documentary Introduction by William F. Goodwin, Captain 
U. S. Army. Concord, N. II. Privately printed. 1871. pp. xx. 40. 

This is the title of a remarkable volume, reflectiuj^ the highest credit on its editors, 
Mr. Cioodwin and Mr. Cyrus W^oodman of" Cambridge. 

It is proverbial that even with men of honest purpose of accuracy , no two narratives 
of a transaction will be without differences growing out of imperfect observation or 
memory, or the coloringof statement which each may unconsciously give to the case, 
and therefore it is, that in court, out of court, or wdierever prudent men are called 
upon to pass judgment, they demand the production of the original documents as 
the best evidence : and not even in the iialls of justice is tliis principle more insisted 
upon or needed than in tlie investigations wliich challenge the scrutiny of the care- 
ful antiquary, or the student of history. This is the secret of the satisfaction in 
tlie possession of original or documentary i)aper8 ; they inspire confidence,*ind on 
them we found our conclusions free fnnn the dangers of secondary evidence. 
Prompted by these considerations and qnickened by natural sentiments of loyalty 
and love to the place of nativity, and veneration for the j)ioneers, theru<le forefathers 
of tlie hamlet, these gentlemen jjresent this book, a most im})ortant addition to gen- 
eral as well as local history, and not less a memorial of generous zeal. 

King Philip's war, 1070, "clothed all New-fjigland in mourning;" twelve or 
thirte(!n towns were utterly destroyed, and Trumbull — good authority — " affirms 
that about one fencible man in eleven was killed and every eleventh family burnt out." 
(P. V.) Sixty years after, there were living witnesses " that there was a Proclama- 

216 Book-Notices. [April, 

tion made to the Army in the name of the Government when tliey were muBtered on 
Uedliam Plain, where they be^an their inarch, tliat if they played the man, took 
the Fort and Dnn'O the enemy out of the Xarra<^anset Country, which was their great 
seat, that they should have a gratuity of land beside their wages " (p. IG) ; and 
840 rei)reHL'ntative8 of these Narraganset soldiers, " who were of ye best of our men, 
the Fathers and Sons of some of y^^ (greatest and best of our families," met on Bos- 
ton Common — Autumn of 1733 — and formed seven independent assjciations for poB- 
eessingand improving the lands promised their heroic fathers on Dedham Plain, and 
now granted to them by the Province, — " Townships six miles square " to each. 
The proprietary records of " No. 1 " of the " Townships " are exactly printed in 
the present volume which has ninety pages of " Documentary Introduction.'" — Here 
the editor finds " the origin of the system of donating the public domain in recom- 
pense for military services " (p. vi.). 

This is the historical foundation of Buxton, Maine, " No. 1 ; " Westminster, 
Massachusetts, " No. 2 ; "Amherst, New-Ilampshire, "No. 3;" Grafton and a 
part of Manchester, New-Hampshire, and Greenwich, Massachusetts, ''No. 4;" 
Bedford, part of Manchester and part of Merrimack, New-Hampshire, '* No. 5 ; " 
Templeton, Massachusetts, " No. 6 ; " and of Gorham, Maine, " No. 7," dating 
back to 1676, when the best of the land ventured their lives to save the colonies 
from annihilation. Only fourteen years later, 1690, the same parties and ideas 
were again opposed at Quebec, the head-quarters of the influence whose Indian 
emissaries visited our frontiers with almost ceaseless dread of the hatchet and fire- 
brand, consecrated by Romish priests to the extermination of protestant New-Eng- 
land. The editor says (p. 141*), this " Canada Expedition in 1690, unsuccessful 
because wicked, like all such indiscreet and puritanical warlike exploits, either at 
home or al)road, involved the Province in financial ruin." Whether this is the place 
and occasion for flings — they hurt only one — we let pass ; but we see no difierence 
between the military expeditions of 1676 and 1690. The}' were defensive, not aggres- 
sive. Nor do we believe Mr. Goodwin can produce particular or probable evidence " of 
a dissipated and extravagant people and a more dissipated and extravagant Govern- 
ment" in 1690. It disfigures an admirable volume whose contents, collected by in- 
defatigable labor, are skilfully arranged, and enriched with valuable notes on men and 
things. This book, we hesitate not to say, is a notable addition to our historical re- 
sources, deserving grateful recognition. It has been printed at private expense, but it 
will be held a lasting disgrace to the present Buxtonians at home — or abroad — who 
will not share in the cost. Mr. Goodwin promises more good things, of which the 
present is only the basis. He says (p. x.) : " These documents are selections from a 
great mass of valuable papers, accumulated in the hands of the compiler, in the 
course of historical researches, looking to a history of his ancestral towns of Buxton 
and Berwick." 

Some of the most interesting of these pages arc " from the Papers of the Hon. 
George Thatcher, which were found in a tin-pedler's barn in Concord, New-Hamp- 
shire." Judge Thatcher's papers were of great and varied interest. What words 
can do justice to the custodians of such papers who could so little appreciate the 
treasures, or be so indifferent as to find for them no better destiny than a tin-pedler's 
cart, and the paper mill ! Proh pudor ! It is full time for the York Institute to be 
very busy gathering in, before such shameful destruction, the work of ignorance, 
goes further. 

Mr. Goodwin closes with a general suggestion whicli cannot be acted upon too 
soon : he says — " Researches into the foundation of American History are constantly 
disclosing such errors and perversions creatini^ distrust in the representations of the 
whole body of our annals as every conscientious and exact student in the field of 
American history painfully understands ; and until this branch of literary work 
receives a higher recognition than has hitherto been "accorded to it at the chief scats 
of American learning, there is little reason to expect any substantial change for the 
better. It is strange and astonishing that in all the liberality of the American peo- 
ple in founding and fostering educational institutions, so unworthy consideration 
has been given to the accurate authoritative ])resorvation and transmission of our 
history. There is no department of American History worthy of the name, and scarce- 
ly any pretension to such a department in anj' university or college in tlie land ; and 
what is still more deplorable there is manifested, among the great body of our edu- 
cational classes, no deep-seated anxiety to correct the grave and acknowledged defi- 
ciency. Until there shall be a professorship of American History ami)ly endowed, 
thoroughly organized and appropriately filled, in each of our great leading univer- 
sities, no revolution in this matter can rationally bo expected." J. w. t. 

1872.] BoohNotices. 217 

A Sermon preached in the Second Congregational Churchy Keejie, N. H.^ 
April 12, 1871, at the Funeral of Iier. A. W. Burnham, D.D. By Rev. 
Z. S. Barstow. D.D. Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 34 
School St. 1871. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Memorial Discourse on the Life and Character of Rev. A. W. Burnham, D.D., 
delivered in the First Congregational Churchy Jiindge, A^. H., April 23, 
1871. By Rev. Dennis Powers. Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, 
Printers, 31: School St. 1871. 8vo. pp. 21. 

The late Rev. Dr. Amos Wood Burnham, of Rindge, N.H., brother of the late 
Rev. Dr. Abraham Burnham, of Pembroke, N. H., and father of Mr. Samuel Burn- 
ham, one of the editors of the Congre,i2,atioual Quarterly, was a marked member and 
rcpreisentative of a family which has long been prominent in the learned professions, 
and in good service lor the people in many public emergencies from a very early date 
in our colonial history. 

The subject of these two discourses was born in Dunbarton, N. II., I Aug., 1791 ; 
graduated at Dartmouth college, in 1815; pursued his theological studies at Andover 
seminary, and in 1818 was licensed to preach the gospel. He was the first jn-incipal 
of iilanchard Academy in Pembroke, an institution which owed its origin to his 
brother, Dr. A. Burnham. He was ordained pastor of the first congregational 
church in Kindge, 14 Nov., 1821, the first and only place in which he preached as a 
candidate ; and his pastoral relation was dissolved at his own request, at the close 
of the iorty-sixth year of his ministry. 

Rev. Dr. Barstow says of him : — 

" In thorough and practical knowledge of theology, in ecclesiastical law and 
usages of the churches, he was well skilled, his counsel was widely sought, and he 
was much esteemed for his wisdom, judgment, and impartial decisions. He was 
always prominent in all measures pertainin<^ to the welfare of society : and the town 
of Rindge owes much of its good name to the influence of his faithful labors. In 
1838, the trustees of Dartmouth college honored him with tlie degree of SacrcE 
Thfo/ogirF Doctor, and though never seeking, but rather shunning public life, he 
has filled many positions of honor with fidelity and efficiency. He served his town 
two years in the le^^islature of the state, where he was highly influential. He 
contril)uted many articles to the religious press, and several of his occasional ser- 
mons and addresses iiave been published. He was the author of that very useful 
tract, " Tiie Infidel Reclaimed," which has been translated into several languages, 
and wliich has been widely circulated. 

" He published an obituary discourse on the life and character of Samuel L. 
"Wilder, Esq., and of the Rev. Ebenezer Hill; and also extended biographical 
sketches of the clergymen belonging to the Ilollis Association of ministers ; and 
an address which Jie delivered at the centennial celebration in Dunl)arton. The 
Historical Discourse delivered by him on the occasion of the 40th ainiiversary of his 
jjastorate, and printed together with other addresses, is a very valuable and able 

" His style of sermonizing was simple, lucid, direct, logical, scriptural, and 
instructive in a high degree ; and his appeals to the consciences of men were solemn 
and ell'ective. He followed the advice given by Dr. Harris, — to " hit the nail on 
the he'ad, then drive it through and clinch it ; " during his ministry, ten seasons of 
special intc-rest were enjoyed, bringing into the church many wJio have adorned the 
doctrine of <iod our Saviour. Nearly six hundre<i })ersons were receiv(;d into the 
churcli l)y him during the first forty years of his miriLstry, and many others were 
received in the six succeeding years ; but the sj)eaker has not definite information 
of the number. 

" Dr. I'urnbam was remarkable fjr t!ie punctuality with which ho (officiated in 
every af)j)(;intment, and men might set their watches correctly by noting the time 
at which h(! prcs^-iitcd himself as ready to fulfil his cngagcinentB. 

" His iiousehold denif-anor and infhuMice were of the tender and affectionate, yet 
dignified type. He there 'opened his mouth with wisdom, and in his tongue was 
t!ie law of kindness.' ' His children arise and call him blessed;' and 'his friends 
d<) praise him ! ' Integrity and candor were prominent characteristics, while a keen 
relish lor t lie humorous continually eidivened his conversatirm, which, united with 
his varied knowledge, rendered him one of the most genial and enjoyable of 

218 Book- Notices. [April, 

Collections of the History of Albany^ from its Discovery to the Present Time^ 
with Notices of its Public Institutions, and JJio^raphical Sketches of Citi- 
zens Deceased. Vol. IV. Albany, N. Y. J. Munsell, 82 State Street, 

1871. Quarto, pp. iv. and 5.30. 

About a quarter of a century ago, Mr. Munsell began to publish documentary, 
statistical and biographical matter relating to the history of Albany, and the series, 
including the volume under notice, consists of ten volumes of Annals and four of 
Collections. Few towns or cities in the United States could supply such a mass 
of the materials of histyry, and few men could have hoped even to excavate, trans- 
late, transcribe and arrange the immense amount of matter which Mr. Munsell 
has brought together, edited, indexed and printed. The people of the Sta.te of 
New- York, and especially the citizens of Albany, owe to him a debt of gratitude 
which the progress of time must increase, for his great expenditure of time, patience 
and money. His name is borne upon the title page of thousands of volumes and 
pamphlets, found in every one of our principal public and in hundreds of private 
libraries, — publications in every department of history, art and science, many of 
■which are of great value ; but none, we venture to predict, will in the future be 
more prized than the series of Annals and Collections above referred to. 

The volume under notice, which we regret to learn is the last of the series, con- 
tains notes of important events from the newspapers, and obituaries of Amos Dean, 
Richard Varick DeWitt, Rev. William James, John S. Van Rensselaer, Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, James Edwards, Peter Cogger, Rev. I. N. Wyckoff, Alden 
March, &c. ; Key to the names of persons occurring in the early Dutch Records of 
Albany : contributions to the Genealogies of the First Settlers of Albany ; Albany 
County Records, &c. A very full Index is appended. 

The volume is illustrated with portraits of ximos Dean, James Wade, Erastus 
Corning, Alden March, William B. Sprague, Arioeentie Coeymans and Bernardua 
Freeman, and with numerous wood-cuts. 

The Rights and Dangers of Property. A Sermon delivered before the Exe- 
cutive and Legislative Departments of the Government of Massachusetts at 
the AnniLal Election, Wednesday, January 3, 1872. By Andrew P. 
Peabody. Boston : Wright & Potter, State Printers, 70 Milk Street. 

1872. 8vo. pp. 32. 

This is a most timely discourse upon matters of vital interest to every member of 
the community, from the text: "Thou shalt not steal." Dr. Peabody, with his 
usual power of analysis and statement, points out the manifold ways in which, 
under the shield of legislative encroachments, this command is violated by individu- 
als, by communities, by public and private corporations, by states, and by the general 
Government. He says that there is in a large portion of the community a strong ten- 
ency to the invasion of the rights of property,— a tendency wliich lies at the foun- 
dation of various ^-uaii political parties or factions, and which has in numerous in- 
Btances shaped the action of our national and state legislatures. The general gov- 
ernment has ceded the public lands with wasteful prodigality ; and yielded to the 
demand for the legal reduction or cancelling of all debts, by the passage of the legal- 
tender-act during the late civil war. 

He shows how groundless is the growing jealousy of large estates, and that such 
estates are needed safety-funds and movement- funds for the whole community. 

Among the modes in which the incessant war against capital is waged, is the reck- 
less creation of public debts upon the plea, — in many instances a most iallacious as 
well as mischievous plea, — that posterity should help bear the burdens; when the 
most reasonable presumption is that posterity will have outgrown the improvementa 
and will have needs of their own equal to their tax-paying capacity. In this rela- 
tion Dr. Peabody urges the legislature to establish a proportion to the valuation of 
property beyond which no deSt hereafter contracted shall be lawful. 

In regard to loans by towns and cities, he suggests that some legislative restraint 
should l)e put upon the influence of mere numerical suffrage, so that owners may 
have some voice in mortgaging their jn'operty. lie also cites the evils growing out 
of excessive taxation ; one of which is the rapid and injurious extension of executive 

In this view the whole system of municipal knavery results from the fact that 
the property of every community is at the disposal of a majority, made uj) in greater 

1872.] Book-Not'lccs. 219 

part of persons Tvho do not feel the burden of taxation, but hope to profit by its 
disburseraentt!, and tliat l)y the action of this majority in many of our towns and 
cities taxation has already bei^un to trench upon reserved capital, the inevitable re- 
sult of which must be decline and ruin. 

Seldom within our knowledge hae so much good sense and practical wisdom been 
crowded into an election sermon, and we hope it will bear an hundred fold of fruit. 
The entire newspaj)cr press, religious and seculai*, can do no better service than to 
publish this discourse and bring it homo to the people. 

Mejnoir of XathanieJ Goohin Upham, LL.D. Read at the Annual Meet- 
ing of the N. II. Historical Society, June 14, 1871. By Daniel J. Noye3, 
D.D., Professor in Dartmouth College. 8vo. pp. 58. 

We are indebted to Mr. Samuel Burnham, brother-in-law of the late Judge 
Upham, for a copy of this eleo;ant volume, which was privately printed and not 
published. The volume contains, in addition to the memoir, extracts from the 
funeral sermon preached by the Rev. iMr. Blake, of Concord, N. H., and a very good 
photographic likeness of the deceased. 

Asa sketch of Judge Upham will soon appear in the Register, among the ne- 
crologies of the Xew-England Historic, Genealogical Society, we will not here antici- 
pate It by such an extended notice of the deceased and of this volume as we should 
otherwise desire to present. 

We must content ourselves, therefore, with calling attention to Dr. Noycs's me- 
moir, which, though brief, is an eloquent, concise and discriminating portraiture 
of one whose attainments, public services, life and character deserve the most 
honorable mention and affectionate remembrance. 

Hie Fosfer Fcnnilf/. One Line of the Descendants of William Foster, son 
of Reginald Foster, of Ipswich, Mass. By Perly Derby, of Salem, 
Mass. Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 35. 

"We arc indebted to John Foster, Esq., for a bound and interleaved copy of this 
volume, which was prepared and printed at his expense, as we infer from the im- 
print, and for private distribution only. It traces one line of the descendants of 
William, fourth son of Reginald, of Ipswich, 1638 — 1681, to the seventh f^eneration. 

The volume contains much information derived from town records and the regis- 
tries of wills, and seems to have been carefully prepared. It will strike the reader 
as somewhat remarkal>le, in view of the loss, in numerous instances, of our early 
town records, that seemingly not a child has been born in the " line " here traced, 
covering a period of more tlian two hundred years, about which some fact is not 
given. This, in itself, is j)retty good evidence of what may be done, in the way of 
Tamil}- records, by careful and j^ersistcnt searching. 

The edition is limited to 200 copies, and is neatly printed on tinted paper. 

Border Reminiscences. Wy ItANDOLPn B. Marcy, U. S. Army ; Author 
of " The Prairie Traveller," " Thirty Years of Army Life on tlie Bor- 
der," etc. New-York : Harper & Brothers, Publishers, Franklin 
Square. 1872. 12 mo. pp. o'JG. 

Gen. Marcy, the present Inspector General of the Army, to whom years ago the 
public was inrlebted for important official reports of scientific surveys and explora- 
tions in the Western and South Western portions of the United States, has l>ecn in- 
duced by the s<^>licjtations of friends to i)uhlish this miscellany of fugitive recollec- 
tions of personsand incidents in his long military expcricnc(;of frontier life. 

Those who were fortunate enough to rend his Thirty W-ava of Army Life on the 
Border, will readily enough anticij>ate what iiis quick an<l accurate eye for the facts 
of nature would see, and what liis evidently keen sense of the humorous wuuld ap- 
preciate in the strange types of character and remarkable develoi)mentsof humanity 
which formerly were and no doubt even now can be l()und in the Far West. 

The book is very entertaining, and is n.ndend ail the more so by its numerous 
illustrative wood-cuts, which need no key t(; explain thrir meaning. Years henco 
such books as these will liave no slight historical signilicance and value, especially 
to tiiowe who should have occasion to study the peculiar iniluences tliat largely 
moulded the character of early Western j>ioneer life. 

220 BooJc-Notices. [April, 

Gramma?'- School History of the United States ; from, the Discovery of Ame^ 
rica to the present time. Bj Benson J. LossiNG. Illustrated by Maps 
and Engravings. New-York; Sheldon and Company. 1871. 12mo. 
pp. 292. 

A Primary History of the United States, for Schools and Families. By 
Benson J. Lossing, Author of "The Pictorial Field Book of the Rev- 
olution," " Illustrated Family History of the United States," " Pictorial 
Plistory of the United States for Schools," "Eminent Americans," &c. 
&c. Illustrated with numerous Engravings. A new edition, including 
a History of the Great Rebellion. New- York: Sheldon and Company. 
1871. 12mo. pp. 239. 

These two volumes form a portion of a series of school histories by Mr. Lossing. 
They are profusely illustrated, and furnished with questions. Tables giving the 
pronunciation of the proper names used, are also supplied. The style is well adapted 
to interest the youthful mind and fix in the memory the events narrated. - 

It is always difficult to prepare a child's book of history. It must be free from 
verbiage, and from too detailed statements. The danger is, that the writer will 
state his facts without sufficiently mentioning the circumstances that qualified 
them. Mr. Lossing has succeeded remarkably well in avoiding this danger, and we 
notice but few errors, and few instances where an erroneous impression will be 

The Monks of the West, from St. Benedict to St. Bernard. By the Count 
De Montalembert, Member of the French Academy. Fide et Veri- 
tate. Boston: Patrick Donahoe. 1872. 8vo. Vol. I. pp. xii. and 699. 
Vol. II. pp. xxi. and 757. 

These two large and handsome volumes, reprinted from the English version, and 
recently placed before the public, challenge the attention of all special students of 
European history, of theologians and religious teachers, and of all, in fine, who aim 
to acquire an intelligent understanding of one of the most remarkable agencies that 
ever influenced the religious and secular life of Europe. They open to us the lives, 
the character, the acts and the motives of a class of persons of whom, for the most 
part, the world at large of the present day has but little knowledge. This work is 
the first connected and collected history of the difierent monastic orders and special 
schools for training and educating men for various religious offices, wliich prevailed 
in Europe from the time of St. Benedict, who was born near the close of the fifth 
century of the christian era, to and including the memorable career of St. Bernard 
in the twelfth century. 

We who live in the full blaze of a material, intellectual and religious develop- 
ment, such as the world has never before seen, are prone to give less credit than we 
ought to those agencies and those men who, at a critical period of history, saved the 
church from the repeated assaults of false faith, fostered learning, encouraged the 
arts, and far oftener saved Europe, not only against repeated deluges of Asiatic fe- 
rocity and heathenism, but more than is generally supposed, or at least acknowledged, 
served as bulwarks against the absolute power or brutal tyranny of the princes of 
Europe, and helped to keep alive the spirit of rational liberty. Monasticism was 
not free from evils or abuses. The system was far from being, in theory or practice, 

Eerfect ; but that is simply sayini^ that it was of human origin, and the monks were 
uman and not angelic beings. But, if it is too much to affirm that the monastic 
orders wrought in Europe a work which no other agencies could have done, this at 
least, we may truly say, that they effected what no others attempted ; and that the 
results of their labors, though not unmixed with imperfections, have made the Eu- 
rope of to-day possible. The system, its members, and their work, must be judged 
of by the light of the times in which they served their allotted function. 

It is hardly necessary to make special mention of the style and temper of these 
volumes. To say that they are crowded with proofs of exhaustive research and 
learning, and are models of style, is not extravagant praise. The late Count do 
Montalembert, whose decease occurred about two years ago, was well known to all 
intelligent readers of this generation, not only by his published writings and his 
devotion to the cause of learning and the civilizing arts, but, no less, by his earnest 


1872.] Book-Notices. 221 

championship of constitutional liberty. lie was a devoted son of the Roman Catho- 
lic Church, but not a blind or uureasonini^ zealot, lie was an unflinching advocate 
of civil and religious liJjerty. and at the same time a chivalrous foe to all forms of 
wanton license, in religious, intellectual and political life and thought. This was 
the author's latest and ablest composition. The work is not likely to lead us to 
become monks, nor to desire the establishment of the monastic orders in the United 
States : for they have accomplished the work for which they were fitted and now 
are out of time ; but it will serve to correct many erroneous prepossessions, and 
to kindle and deepen the spirit of true charity. 

Sixteenth Annual Report of the Directors of the Public Lihrary of the City 
of JSfeichuryport. Boston: Solon Thornton, Printer. 1872. 8vo. pp. 30. 

It is a source of much gratification to see the increasing attention paid in our 
large towns and cities to the praiseworthy and useful object of providing entertaining 
and instructive reading for the people, by means of libraries and reading-rooms. 

This object is being greatly promoted by the cooperation of the best men and 
women in the community, and by the free expenditure of money contributed by them. 

In Newburyport, a free reading-room, furnished with the leading newspapers and 
periodicals, has been opened in connection with the city library. It is supported by 
the annual gift of a handsome sum of money by William C. Todd, Esq. Our im- 
pression is that tiiis is the first instance of an absolutely free public reading-room in 
New-England, if not in the United States. 

A Sermon preached in the First Universalist Church, Charlestown, Mass., 
Sunday, Jan. 21, 1872. By William T. Stowe. With an Appendix. 
Published by request. Charlestown: Abram E. Cutter & Co. 1872. 
8vo. pp. 19. 

This sermon is a memorial discourse on the life and character of the late Barnabas 
Edmands, a deacon in the religious society above referred to, who was born March 
1, 1778, and died January 13, 1872. 

In the appendix are selections of obituary notices of Mr. Edmands which appeared 
in various religious and secular papers. Among them is one from the Charlestown 
Chronicle of January 20, written by Abram E. Cutter, Esq. This gives the leading 
facts in the life of Mr. Edmands. 


Tlie Xew-York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Devoted to the 
Interests of American Geneaology and Biography. Issued Quarterly. 
January, 1872. Vol. III. No. 1. Published for the Society. Mott Me- 
morial Hall, No. 64 Madison Avenue, New- York City. $2 per annum. 
8vo. pp. b^. 

The Record continues to be well edited and conducted. The last number contains 
a memoir of its late editor, John Stagg Gautier, a gentleman of great intelligence, 
of purity and loveliness of character, of old and widely extended family and social re- 
lations, lie rendered valuable aid to the iS.Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society 
from the day it was projected to the day of his lamented death. 

The other articles are : American Family of WoodhuU, The Heraldry of St. 
J'aid's Chapel, Notes on the Lawrence Pedigree, The Humphreys Family, The 
Wrii^ht Family, Marriage Records of the Society of Friends in the town of Harrison, 
N. Y., New-i'(jrk Marriages from the Friends' Records of Philadelphia, &c. &c. 

The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature. W. II. Bidwell, Editor. 
New- York. E. R. Pelton, Publisher, 108 Fulton Street. Yearly sub- 
scription, S-'J. [January, P^ebruary, March and April Nos., 1872.J 

The Eclectic is a monthly, devoted chiefly to the republication from foreign 
Rourccs of the most al)le esFays and revicwH. Each number is enibelliHiicd with a 
portrait or other engraving. It is well eilited, and is printed in chnr typo, easy to 
be rend by night as well ns l)y day. The work was begun about thirty years ago, 
nn«l that it is btill prospering is rrodita))le to the reading public. 
Vol. XXVI. 20 

222 Book-Notices. [April, 

The American Historical Record^ and Repertory of Notes and Queries con- 
cerning the History and Antiquities of America and Bibliography of 
Americans. Edited by Benson J. Lossing. Philadelphia : Chase & 
TowD, Publishers. 

Since tlie issue of the January number of the Register, three numbers of the 
above entitled periodical have been published. It is a monthly, in quarto form, 
and each number contains about fifty pages in double columns, printed in handsome 
type, on tinted paper. The price is three dollars per annum. 

As its title indicates, it is to be devoted to the history, antiquities, and bibliography 
of America. Mr. Lossing is eminently well qualified to conduct such a work to the 
benefit and satisfaction of subscribers, and it is probable that he will be able to 
furnish them from his own collections, and from other sources, much valuable and 
interesting matter. The numbers issued are illustrated M'ith wood-cuts, facsimiles 
of autographs, &c. The articles, on account of the limited number of pages of 
each number, are necessarily short, which enables the editor to give variety to the 

We cordially welcome this new periodical, and bespeak for it the generous support 
of the public. 

The Bihliotheca Sacra, and Theological Eclectic. Edited by Edttards A. 
Park, Andover, Mass., and George E. Day, New-Haven, Ct., with the 
co-operation of Dr. J. P. TnoMrsoN, of Berlin, and Dr. D. W. Simon, 
of England. January, 1872. Andover: Published by W. F. Draper. 
New-Haven : Judd & "White. Loudon : Trubner & Co. 

This quarterly is in its forty-second year, and maintains the high rank it has 
always had for ability and learning. 

The contents of this number are : — The Physical Basis of our Spiritual Language ; 
English Eloquence and Debate ; Revelation and Inspiration ; The Weekly Sabbath ; 
The Organic and Visible Manifestations of Christ's Kingdom, and the Human 
Agency in its Advancement ; The Three Fundamental Methods of Preaching ; 
The Public Reading of Sermons, and the Preaching of them Memoriter ; Notices of 
Recent Publications. 

The Congregational Quarterly. January, 1872. Editors and Proprietors: 
Alonzo H. Quint, Christopher Cushing, Isaac P. Langworthy, 
Samuel Burnham. Boston : Congregational Rooms. 

Contents : — Samuel Haven Taylor ; The Supply of Ministers ; The Conservative 
Elements in Protestantism ; The National Council ; Congr^ational Necrology ; Lit- 
erary Review ; Editor's Table ; Congregational Quarterly Record ; American Con- 
gregational Association ; American Congregational Union ; The Annual Statistics 
of the American Congregational Ministry and Churches ; Congregational Missiona- 
ries ; Summaries and Statistics ; Lists of Congregational Ministers in North America ; 
The National and State Organizations of the Churches. 

About half of this number is taken up with valuable denominational statistics, 
prepared with evident care. The very able and interesting memoir of the late Dr. 
Taylor, by Prof. Park, accompanied by a portrait, is worthy of special mention. 

The Methodist Quarterly Review. January, 1872. D. D. Wheedon, 
LL.D., Editor. New- York : Carlton & Lanahan. Cincinnati : Hitch- 
cock & Walden. 

Contents : — Conservation, Correlation, and Origin of the Phj'sical, Vital and Men- 
tal Forces ; The Methodist Book-Concern and its Literature ; The Apocalypse a 
Dramatic Allegory ; German Explorations in Africa ; Two Systems of Ministerial 
Education; The Methodist Episcopal Church in the Southern States; Synopsis of 
the Quarterlies ; Foreign Religious Intelligence ; Foreign Literary Intelligence ; 
Quarterly Rook-Table. 

'J.'he character of this Quarterly is constantly improving, and its editorial depart- 
ments are especially valuable. 





Bowman, the Hon. Frnncis, died sudden- 
ly in the railroad depot in Portland, 
Me., Dec. 21, 1871, aged 98 years, 7 
mos. 29 days. He was a resident of 
Camhridge, Mass., and a son of the 
late Francis Bowman, of Somerville, 
where he was born April 23, 1792. 
He was a member of the senate of Mas- 
sachusetts in 1837. H. w. 

Dawson, Abraham, in Ithaca, N. Y., 
Jan, 13, aged 76. He was born in 
Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire, Eng., July 
10, 1795, and settled in Gosberton in 
Lincolnshire. In 1834 he came with 
his family to this country, and settled 
in New- York city, whence three years 
afterward he removed to Ithaca, and 
resided there till his death. He was 
by occupation a gardener. No more 
sturdy champion of the truth, as he un- 
derstood it, ever lived, and no one died 
more generally lamented by those who 
knew hira. He was a faithful husband, 
an affectionate father and an honest 
man. He had six children, two only 
of whom survive, nameh', Henry B. 
Dawson, the editor of the Historical 
Marjazine ; and Mrs. Mary, wife of 
Key. F. Dunsenbury, of Ithaca, N. Y. 

J. w. D. 

EwiNG, Hon. Thomas, in Lancaster, 0., 
Oct. 26, 1871. He was born in Ohio 
county, \'irgitiia, Dec. 28, 1789. Ho 
entered the Ohio University after he 
had attained his majority, and the de- 
gree of bachelor of arts was there con- 
ferred upon him in 1815. The ne.xt 
year he was admitt<-d to the bar. In 
1831 he was aj)})ointed United States 
sf'uator, and became associated with 
Clay aii<l Webster in their opposi- 
ti(jn to the so-called encroachments of 
the executive. He supported Mr. Clay's 
protective tariff bill. In 1837 he re- 
sumed the practice of law. He huj)- 
ported Oeneral Harrison for the j)resi- 
dency during the campaign of 1810, 
and became secretary (jf the treasury, 
in which jjosition he was retained by 
President Tyler, but he afterward re- 
signed. In 1851, havinj^ held other 
official j)osts, he retired from jjolitical 
lif«; and <lf:voted liimself to the ]jractice 
of his profession. 

MoROAX, Jonathan, in Portland, Mc, be- 
tween Nov. 3 and 6, 1871, aged 93. He 

was b. at Brimfield , Mass. , March , 1778 , 
and was the son of Jonathan Morgan, 
Avhose father, David, was one of the 
first settlers of that town. He entered 
Brown University 1799, but changed 
to Union College, where hegrad. 1803. 
He studied law with W'illiam Teler, of 
Schenectady, removed to AVaterford, N. 
Y., afterwards to Brimfield, Ms., tlien 
to Cincinnati, studying with Ethan 
Allen Stone, and was admitted to the 
bar. He removed to Shrewsbury, Ms. 
in 1812, thence to Alna, Me. in 1820, 
and finally to Portland, where he lived 
about half a century. He had a taste 
for mechanics and speculative philoso- 
phy, spent much time in endeavoring 
to obtain perpetual motion, and wrote 
a large book, still in MS., opposing the 
Newtonian system of philosophy. He 
published some years ago a translation 
of the New Testament. 

Morse, Sidney E., Esq., in the city of 
New-York, Dec. 23, 1871, aged 78 
years. He was one of the sons of the 
Rev. Jedediah Morse, D.D., and for 
many years one of the owners and pub- 
lishers of the New-York Observer. 

Peirce. In Portsmouth, N. II., Mar. 9, 
1871, Mrs. Emily Sheafe, wife of Col. 
Joshua W. Peirce, daughter of the late 
AVilliam Sheafe, Esq., and great-grand- 
daughter of Mark flunking \Vent- 
worth, Esq., aged 75 years. She was 
buried from St. John's church ; the 
Rev. Rufus W. Clark, Jr. rector, olii- 

Riley, Mrs. Phebe (Miller), on the 7th of 
^March, 1871, aftcra short illness, at the 
residence of her daughter, Mrs. Dr. 
Murdoch, in Urbana, Ohio, at the ad- 
vanced age of 91 years. 

Mrs. Riley came of good old Puritan 
stock, being the daughter of Mr. Ilosea 
^Miller, of Middletown, Conn., a stanch 
})atriot of the revohitionary war. She 
was born 30 .Jan., 1777 ; her childhood 
passing amid the turbulent scenes inci- 
dent to the forming of a great nation, 
many of wiii<rh thrilling adventure« 
canu; fresh to her mind during our late 
struggle with another and greater des- 
potinm. In 1H02, slie was marrie<l to 
Capt. James Rih-y, whose shipwreck 
off the coant of Africa in the brig Com- 
merce, in the year 1816, and subsequent 




puffcrinajs while held as a slave by the 
Arahs in the Desert of Saliara, were 
rainiliar to every one at tlie time. 
Alter that terrible disaster, Capt. Kiley 
(leterniiiieti to quit the sea, and from 
that period the course of Mrs. Riley's 
life is 80 interwoven with her husband's 
that a sketch of the one will answer for 
both. Capt. Kik-y, having taken larjire 
C(mtracts from tlie U. tS. Land Depart- 
ment for surveying tlie north-western 
})art ol' Ohio and Northern Indiana, 
removed his family from New-York 
City and settled in Van Wert County, 
Ohio, on the St. Mary's River, then an 
almost unbroken forest, and much more 
inaccessible than our remotest territo- 
ries are now. This frontier life con- 
tinued eight years, w^hen, the climate 
being unfavorable to his constitution, 
t!iey returned to New-York City, where 
they resided till afcer his deatti, which 
occurred at sea, March 13, 1840. Since 
that event, Mrs. Riley has lived with 
her children (who all resided in Ohio), 
and by her kind, unselfish, useful lite, 
endeared herself to all with whom she 
came in contact. Possessing a remark- 
able memory and fondness for reading, 
her mind became a store-house of use- 
ful knowledge and entertaining story. 
By a hapi^y Providence she retained 
her eyesight to the very last, and was 
in the practice of readiufr daily, par- 
ticularly in the Bible, which latter was 
regularly perused from the beginning 
tothe end each year. 

She early united with the Congrega- 
tional Church, and throughout her 
long and eventful life delighted in 
Ciiristian charities. J. J. 

WooDWORTn, Selira E., Esq. The death 
of Selim E. Woodworth, which oc- 
curred on Sunday evening, Jan. 29, 
1871, at the Union Club Rooms, occa- 
sioned general regret in San Francisco. 
The cause of death was typhoid fever, 
engendered by a cold caught in Liver- 
pool a few months before. In 1834, Mr. 
Woodworth embarked from New-York, 
his native city, oti an expedition, under 
Captain Norrell, to tlie South Seas, as 
captain's clerk. The vessel, after a 
long cruise, was wrecked near the Ls- 
land of Madagascar, and AYoodworth 
remained among the natives for several 
montlis, and became familiar with their 
language. He left the island and made 
iiis way with some sailors, in a launch, 
to Mauritius, and thence returned hoine 
alter an absence of four years. IJo 
was su))se(iuently ai)pointed midsliij)- 
iiian, and would have joined the South 

Sea Expedition, under "Wilkes, but did 
not receive his orders until after the ex- 
pedition sailed. He afterwards joined 
the 0/iio, and spent three years in the 
Mediterranean, and on returning was 
appointed to the West India station, 
where he spent four years. In 1840, 
he started overland for the Pacific 
coast, and reached the Columbia river 
after a trip of sixty days. After a stay 
of some months in Oregon he came to 
San Francisco, and soon after the re- 
ports of the sufferings of iunnigrants 
in the mountains near Donner Lake, 
caused a few noble-minded men to form 
a party and attempt their rescue. 
After performing this service he re- 
turned to San Francisco, and after- 
wards joined the Warren, from which 
he was promoted to the Anita, fi trans- 
port on the coast until the end of the 
war with Mexico. In 1848 Mr. Wood- 
worth received the grant of the 100-vara 
lot at the head of Montgomery st., pa\'- 
ing therefor the usual price $16. It was 
afterwards transferred to F. A Wood- 
worth, who willed it to his brother 
Selim and his sisters. The first busi- 
ness house built on the bay was erected 
by him early in 1849, he laying the 
foundations with the assistance of a 
few sailors. It stood where the Cla}'- 
street Market now stands, and had es- 
caped so many fires that it was con- 
sidered fire-proof, but it was burnt up 
in 1852. The firm was Roach & >Vood- 
worth. In November, 1849, Mr. 
Woodworth was elected senator of 
]Monterey and Santa Cruz, and served 
two terms. On the breaking out of the 
late war he applied for a position in 
the Navy, from purely patriotic mo- 
tives, and served on the lower Mis- 
sissippi with distinction, being promot- 
ed twice. At the close of the war he re- 
signed as commander and occupied him- 
self with private businet-s. The deceas- 
ed was a son of Samuel Woodworth, 
well known as author of " Old Oaken 
Bucket," "The Huntersof Kentucky," 
etc., and at the time of his death was 
aged 50 j'ears. He leaves a widow and 
several children, and sisters and other 
relatives. The deceased was of a 
most singular disposition, the deve- 
lopment of which originated in the 
adventurous career of his early life. 
He was self-reliant, fertile in expedi- 
ents, never at a loss for a reason or an 
excuse, was as brave as a lion, and 
possessed a fund ol' anecdote that made 
him the shining light in any circle in 
which he apj)eared. He died worth 
hall a million of" dollars. 






Vol. XX VI. JULY, 1872. No. 3. 


Communicated by Philip Battell, A.M., of Middlebury, Vt. 

Benjamin Franklin Mason, a favorite artist in Vermont, was born 
in Pomfret, county of Windsor, in that state, — a few miles distant from the 
birth-j)Iac'e of Powers, — March 31, 1804. His father, Marshall Mason,^ was 
a farmer, originally from Woodstock, Conn., and his grandfather was Elias 
Mason, who married Lydia Brown in Watertown, Mass. His mother was 
Polly Sessions, also of Pomfret, Vt., whose mother was Sarah Dana, both of 
Pomfret, Conn., families. His parents had ten children, of whom Benjamin 
Franklin was the seventh. Three died in the epidemic of 1812 ; two sons 
and four daughters lived to adult age ; two of the daughters, one older, one 
younger than himself, survive him. 

He died at his home in Woodstock, Vt, Sunday morning, January 15, 
1871, after a few months illness, which began while he was engaged in his 
professional work in ]\Iiddlebury. 

' This moYiioir is the substance of a papor which was read at a meeting of the Middlebury 
Historical Society, January 30, 1871. The works of the painter alluded to, comprise a 
variety extending through a long professional career, to which those present at the reading 
had familiar access, an opportunity rare with those to whom the usual appeal of criticism 
is made, as was that personal acquaintance also by which the quality of the man is made 
answerable for the claims presented for his work. 

2 Marshall Mason, son of Elias and Lydia Brown Mason, born in Woodstock, Conn., 
October lo, 176o: married first, Polly Sessions, daughter of Simeon and Sarah Dana 
Sessions, of Pomfret, Vt. ; lie was liorn January 30, 1770 : — 

1. Sarah Dana, b. April 22, 1789. 

2. Polls', I). March 29, 1791 ; d. December 29, 1811. 

3. Louisa, b. June 11, 1793; d. Septemljcr 22, 181.5. 

4. Augusta, b. March 22, 1795; d. January 22, 1821. 

5. Marshall, b. June 4, 1797; married. 

6. George Francis, b. January, 1800; d. January 3, 1812. 

7. Benjamin Franklin, b. Mairh 31, 1804; d. January lo, 1871. 

8. Francis Sessions, b. February 2-5, 1806; d. September 1, 1812. 

9. Harriet, b. Aug. 18, 1808; m. Thomas Clirystie, Fel). 8. 18:38. 
10. George Francis, b, December 13, 1814; d. Feb. lo, 1815. 

Marshall Mason married, second, Cliri>tian Bartholomew, June 17, 1817. He died July 11, 
1830 ; Polly Se5>ions Mar>liall, his lir.>t wife, died December 29, 1810. 

Elias Ma-on, of Watertown, Mass., married Lydia Brown, May 3, 17o3, removed to 
Wood>tock, Coim.. about 1702. He was in the fourth generation of descent from Hugh 
Mason, of Watertown. His wife was of the fifth generation from Aliraham Browne, wl)o 
appears in Bond's Iliatory of Watertown (paiic 110) to have been of the same family with 
Robert Browne, the projector of Independency in England. 

Vol. XXVI. 21 

226 Benjamin Franldin Mason. [^^^^Jj 

As we trace liis career, we see in it the growth of a fine spirit, nur- 
tured for the honor and advancement of a community drawn like himself 
to the hreast of nature by its loveliness, invigorated by its healthfulness, and 
illustrating its strength. Pomfret is a rural town, adjoining Woodstock on 
the north, and it had a merely rural society, with the opportunities peculiar 
to such towns. The district-school was well cared for, the religious order 
was sustained, a select social library was enjoyed, and the spirit of reflec- 
tion in his father's family, particularly, was stimulated by that. The muse 
found Burns, it is said, at the plough, and saved him to her service from 
the errors of his passions. Nature had moulded young Mason as a model 
of symmetry to attract by the sense, rather than to be over-mastered by 
the spirit of beauty. When this symmetry was assailed by disease, she 
commended him to art as fitted to appreciate and represent her perfection. 

When he was nine years old, necrosis of the lower part of one of his legs 
manifested itself, and compelled him to undergo a surgical operation. This 
event was the turning point in his life. During his confinement after this 
operation, books were brought him from the library by his fiither. " In these," 
said his mate, Tom Ware, " are your copies. Why don't you draw ? I do. 
You can draw as well as I can." In this manner the enjjraviuojs of animals in 
books, and afterward the portraits of authors, became his copies, and the efibrt, 
as his friend had assumed it might, entertained him. They might both have 
tried their hand before. At school the practice proceeded, at recess and in- 
termissions, with chalk and coal, AYare taking to it more boldly as a pleasure, 
Mason perhaps more carefully as a study. At home the ceilings began to 
witness similar efforts in seclusion, and the thought occurred to him to be a 
painter. Various books became the helps of this period. Buffon was least 
exhaustible and most worn. Even the skeleton in the Almanac was not 
slighted, though showing its spindling proportions sadly from year to year. 
Doddridge offered a handsome face, Franklin submitted to his name-sake a 
reverend brow, and Johnson, in a wood-cut in Rasselas, was nothing but 
the blinking Sam which Reynolds painted him. All this was labored at the 
best in pen and ink. A lead pencil was discovered full two years afterward 
at a store. A school-mistress advised map-drawing ; his father procured him 
paints and brushes, and his accuracy in geography was justly to be credited to 
this opportunity. And so the knowledge of water-colors. At fourteen the 
grateful boy proposed to his teacher to paint her portrait, as a recompense 
for the facility she had furnished him. The offer was accepted, but the 
favor was embarrassing. She was handsome and intelligent, he bashful and 
young. But in painting he was her master, and his method was his own. 
She was to sit where he could see to paint her face, reflected in a glass. 
And so the work was duly done, approved by the sitter and pronounced a 
likeness when finished. 

Ware in the interval had met with Abrara Tuttle, a portrait painter, of 
whom both must have heard, a native of Pomfret, once with West in Eng- 
land, who had returned for an interval and was painting among his friends. 
Ware had talent, the painter was obliging, and what the lad learned of the 
master he taught in turn to his more studious friend. At sixteen Mason 
painted his first oil painting, a likeness of his father. It was preserved till 
1830, when the same canvass was used for another likeness, wliich is still 
preserved. In the succeeding winter he taught a district school in Roches- 
ter, where his crutch proved a useful protection against a disorderly youth 
older than himself. Once settled, tho mutineer submitted heartily, and stand- 
ing firm by the master afterward the school became a model. This pupil 

1872.] Benjamin FranUin Mason, 227 

is believed to have died while in congress from one of the territories. The 
teacher in another season attended the Academy at Randolph in one of its 
best periods, gave some attention to Latin, and was associated with several 
students who became leading men in different departments of life. In 
1823-25, he was with Ware in Woodstock, at school and painting. His 
friend already was making a local reputation, and had begun to go out. In 
1825 Mason painted in some families in Pomfret, subsequently in Thetford, 
Hartland, Peacham, and in Newport, Croydon and other towns in New- 
Hampshire, as well as Vermont. In 1828 he painted in Montpelier, 
and occasionally in other towns. In January, 1831, he met in Burlington, 
J. G. Cole, of Newburyport, Mass., a true artist, who told liim all he knew. 
Of him he gained a knowledge of methods unattainable before, worked 
under his eye, and under this influence came first to Middlebury in May. 
After a few days at the Vermont Hotel he received his first order from 
Nelson Rogers. Others followed freely, and remaining fifteen or sixteen 
months he had painted more than twenty portraits. Several of those are 
retained in town, and well declare the artist's promise of forty years ago. 
All were esteemed likenesses, none were repulsive ones. Several were 
good as pictures in their class, correctly and chastely executed. In one or 
two the refinement of art appears, that catches and records the finest 
expression, however evanescent, however rare, and so repays to nature the 
charm she gives in return for the gift to grasp it. 

The drapery, however various, is followed in imitation from wave to 
wave, as each color is repeated in clearness and beauty of tint. The texture 
of the skin invites the touch, the hair betokens youthful sweetness, and 
glows with or dissolves the fleeting gleam of light. For a shrine of beauty 
Mason would always bring the offering of his choicest power, no matter 
what the work might cost. 

From here he went to Vergennes. It was the cholera year. His errand 
was to take the lineaments of a lovely youth, who had perished as was thought 
by cholera, and the dread of the community was in strange contrast with 
the devotion of family love and the reverence of genius for the immunity of 
art. Visiting Montpelier and Woodstock, again he returned to Vergennes, 
and for two years mingled in the enjoyments of society there, as he had 
every where been solicited by his cotemporaries to do. They were gay 
times, he sometimes said, and he was of the gayest. 

From Vergermes the artist went to Rutland in 1836, and painted all 
summer. Friends here from Boston, advised him to go there. Rev. Mr. 
Fay, of Vergennes, gave him a letter to Judge Fay, of Cambridgo, Mass., 
his bi'other, and in the full he went. He painted a portrait of Judge Fay, 
took a letter from him to Harding, and was introduced by INIrs. Fay to 
Alexander. The latter was full of cordial courtesy. He made the acquaint- 
ance of Franklin Dexter, the distinguished lawyer, who was a painter by 
choice, and [)ainted every day. He was introduced to Allston, and found 
him the kindest of all. He met one day, at Allston's studio, Jeremiah 
Mason, the chief among lawyers, and endowed with all the senses needful 
for an amateur in painting. Judge Fay continued his friendship, introduced 
liim to collections as well as artists. He painted at his house a Miss Laman, 
a Southern lass. He had other work, but the conclusion of liis judgment 
was to go out again for practice and make himself a painter. 

In the summer of 1830, he was at Rutland i)ainting every })ody. From 
here again he was off<*red by a lady a ronmiission in Troy, which lie ac- 
cepted. She introduced him to her friends. He took rooms in Cannon 

228 Benjamin FranMin Mason, [July, 

place, and remained three years, painting Jonas C. Hart, Mayor Tibbetts 
for the city, D. L. Seymour and wife, and many others. He visited New- 
York and saw the works of other artists. Among them was Duraud, whom 
he respected, and in liis style somewhat resembled. 

lie had returned again to IVIontpelier and Woodstock, when on the invi- 
tation of the Kev. Mr. Tilden, at that time principal of the seminary, 
in the winter of 1840-41, he came again to Middlebury. His style was 
much matured. His work at this visit included his group of Mr. Tilden's 
three daughters, portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Tilden, of Mr. Rufus Wain- 
wright's family, a half dozen or more pictures ; Olivia Norton, General 
Hastings Warren, Mrs. Battell and children, and numerous others, usually 
excellent as likenesses, some of the groups bold as well as graceful in ar- 
rangement, and fine or vigorous in execution. 

At the invitation of Edward Warren, he resided for a year or two in 
Buffalo, and then went farther west for observation ; was at Boston again, 
with warm commendation from his friend Alexander as the best painter of 
hair in America, as in color and fibre he might earlier have seemed to be. 
His teacher, Cole, had been successful here, but had afterward lost all. 
He returned to Middlebury in 1844. In life and color he has not surpassed 
his portrait of Joseph Warren, which represents him to the friends of every 
period of his life, in that mood in which he soonest won them. The pictures 
of Mrs. John Wainwright and daughter were each masterly, and if he fell 
short of them at any time, it was only that the mood and power of genius 
are one, and that study and effort cannot always ensure it. His skill was 
not unequal ; his knowledge was not equally seen, perhaps, in every style of 
work. He did not vary violently in this, but now and then affected 
something shadowy in style, when a fuller tone was truer and better. 

In 1846, his chief works of local historical interest were done here : the 
portraits of Rev. Dr. Merrill,^ Mr. Seymour,^ Judge Swift,^ Mr. Ira Stewart,* 
Mr. Starr ;^ perhaps the latter with that of Mrs. Seaver, a little later. His 
fame may rest securely on these admirable portraits of the men who have 
so largely given their reputation to the place, and fully represent the 
strength of character and cordiality of feeling with which their subjects 
adorned it. 

^ Thomas Abbot Merrill, son of Thomas and Lydia Abbot Merrill, who removed to 
Deering, N. H., in 1785, born in Andover, Mass., Jan. 18, 1780, grad. Dart. Col., 1801 ; 
tutor Mid. Col., 1801-Oj; pastor Cong. Ch. Middlebur}--, 180.5-42; trnstee Mid. Col., 
1806-55; S. T. D. ; married lirst, Eliza Allen, of Bradford, Mass., Juno 17, 1812; second, 
Lydia Boardman, of South Reading, Mass., Nov. 18, 1837. Died April 29, 1855. 

2 Horatio Seymour, son of Moses and Mary Marsh Sevmour, born in Litchfield, Conn., 
May 30, 1778; grad. at Yale Col. 1797; admitted attornev in Middleburv 1800; U. S. 
senator 1821-33; judge of probate 1847-55; trustee Mid. Col. 1810-55; LL.D. Yale 1847; 
married Lucy Case, of Addison, Vt., May, 1800. Died Nov. 21, 1857. 

3 Samuel Swift, son of Job and Mary Ann Sedgwick Swifr, b. at Amcnia, N. Y.. Aug. 5, 
1782; removed to Bennington Co., Vt., 1783; grad. Dart. Col. 1800; tutor Mid. Col. 1801-3 ; 
admitted attornev at Middlel)urv, 1804; in both branches State Legislature, county clerk 
1814-46; judge of probate 1819^1 ; trustee Mid. Col. 1827-55; LL.D.; married Mary Bridg- 
man Young, of Middlebury, Nov. 17, 1817. Judge Swift is the oldest living graduate of 
Dartmouth College ; i)resident of Middlebury Historical Society ; author of History of 
Middlclvry and Addison County. 

4 Ira Stewart, son of John and Huldnh Hubl)ell Stewart, l)orn in Pawlet, Vt., July 15, 
1779; merchant in Middlebury, 1810; state secrctarv ; trustee Mid. Col. 1819-55 ; married 
Betsey Ilul)bcll, of Lanesl)oro', Mass., Oct. 29, 1814." Died Fel). 13, 1855. 

* Peter Starr, S(m of Peter and Sarah Rol)bins Starr, l)orn in Warren, Conn., June 11» 
1778; grad. Wins. Col. 1799; ndinitted attorney at Middlelxiry 1805; in botli l)ranches of 
state legislature ; trustee Mid. Col. 1819-60; LL.D. Married iirst, Elizabeth Jones, North 
Adams, Mass., May 8, 1808; m. second, Eunice Sergeant, of Stockbridge, Mass., July 16, 
1812. Died Bcpt. 1, 1860. 

1872.] Benjamin Franklin Mason. 229 

About 185G his painting of Julius A. Beckwitli was executed ; it excels 
in drawing and color. In 1805 Klza Stewart was painted, a child two and 
a half years old, andiiere also we see the highest attainment of the painter's 
skill. At about the same time the portrait of Paris Fletcher was painted ; 
as good a subject as the painter was likely to have, and as good a picture as 
he could make it. President Kitchel and lady are among the artist's best 
pictures and among his last here. 

Rutland, Montpelier, Woodstock have all received the painter, with a 
similar cordiality and liberality. In Vergennes, St. Albans, Burlington, 
Brattleboro', Bennington, his appreciation was in like manner Mattering. 

"Were his course traced step by step in order to catch the impress of his 
personal character upon his friends, or the public, it would be found 
to accord with the ideal of the part he chose to fill. No whisper of sus- 
picion attended or taint of dishonor survived him. He was free, bold, 
and even untrammelled. His purpose was above the prescription of sect or 
party. He impersonated it. Bather, the secret of his consistency was, it 
impersonated him. 

lie was an enthusiastic lover of nature in all her moods and manifestations. 
He communed with her. The blaze of sunlight, and the chant of flowing 
or falling waters was a relief; still ^more, the illusions of beauty, serenity 
and power. The scenery of many portions of Vermont invited this study 
and communion : scenery which language vainly strives to represent, such 
as Woodstock Valley, and the gorge in Bristol. But neither mountain, nor 
vale, nor forest alone instructed or inspired him ; science itself was invoked. 
The rocks, even, were his tutors. Geology, chemistry and botany, all contri- 
buted to the rich lessons which nature liad taught him. The questions of 
the schools followed him from his walks to his closets, where art, physics, 
lang^uage and philosophy were diligently and successfully studied. 

The artist harmony of qualities and powers was in his person: in elegance 
of countenance, in symmetry and force of structure. His frame was compact, 
full-chested. There was no languor or littleness in his voice or manners ; 
but both were hearty, bold, solid ; chastened not changed by deference, 
toned by his earnestness, warmed by interest or attachment. 

His secret of success was in labor. He knew no shame of this. It was 
the just condition of what his hand might do. The gleam of his reward 
grew patiently under it. His habit in early life was free, in later life careful, 
always provident, never exacting. He was diligent, because true to the 
spirit of his calling : an example to youth when tempted by dissipation, 
or when solicited to indulgence ; persistent in labor even as he fronted the 

He never married. If ever he loved it must seem to liave been, as in the 
first etl'ort of his art, the counterfeit presentment, the shadow rather than the 
substance of a woman. There was once a story that two friends once met 
at the same house on the same errand, and, guessing the object, mutually 
deferred to each other, and ra[)idly left the liouse together. A sister' of Mr. 
E. D. Barber, whose accomplishments as well as amiablencss he valued, 
painted for him a portrait in exchange for one of herself. 

In firmness of friendship he was as a rock, gentle, too, and kind to kind- 
ly courtesy. He liked not, but he could bear a solitude of heart. No man 
more admired what is excellent in woman, or loved better to vindicate the. 

• Mis3 Mary Elizabeth Barber, an arcompli.-'lied and ])clovcd tcaclicr of drawint? and 
painting in Mi><.s Sheldon's (Mr;*. Nott'.s) Scniiiiary in Schenectady, nud Miss Sheldon's 
Seminary in L'tica. Her death occiirreil, September, 1852. 

Vol. XXVJ. 21* 

230 II utcl an soil's History of Massachusetts Bay. July, 

character of one he admired. In social intimacy he was accustomed to be 
vahied by the best. He was sensitive to apparent slight sometimes, where 
attention seemed uncalled for, and indiilerent to the society of persons to 
which patience might have reconciled him. Politeness was a principle with 
him, tlie humble he would liave disdained to overlook. He sought society 
for intelligent entertainment. He brought more than his equal stores, and 
when he imparted of them his tone and expression both bespoke a noble 
style of man. His profession had not misplaced him. He had his cast by 
nature, and wore the accomplishment which cost him so much, as the orna- 
ment only of equal and genial companionship. 

In religious affections, he was deeply reverent, in feeling and in principle. 
He had prejudices but he had charity. He held no exclusive opinions ; he 
studied, he revered, incidently perhaps he doubted ; in essentials, he ia 
thought to have believed. His preference in regard to religious order was 
for the Episcopal church. 

Such iu brief was the career and character of one who contributed 
manifestly to educate and elevate the taste and thoughts of the people, 
among whom he lived and labored — not alone by his art, but also by his 
life and conversation. He sought to lead them into that higher sphere of 
thought which is essential to social health and strength. For this how vain 
a substitute is needless display ! how low a substitute the pretensions of 
station ! These are but the offspring, and, in turn, the progenitors of vul- 
garity, emptiness, treachery and voluptuousness. 

It was well that his grave should be placed amid the scenes of his studies 
and labors, and so a broken and delicately wrought column near the Queechy 
appropriately marks the spot where he rests. 




Communicated by Hon. William A. Saunders, of Cambridge. 

Concluded from page 164. 

[Ezra Stiles.] 

Newport May 29, 1765. 


Your letter of 15 January I received 22 February, and wrote an answer 
25 March, which displeasing me, I have protracted the delay of an answer 
until I might have waited upon you at Boston ; which I intended at the 
election this week, had not sickness in my family prevented. 

You suggested that you was desirous that among others I should remark 
to you any errors that might occur in your History. In point of Facts, I 
believe they are very few ; yet upon your desire I had noted a few, that 
were to me doubtful, on a paper now mislaid. 

Considering the certain news of the Revolution in England, I had thought 
whether the spirited intrepidity in the just seizure of Sir Edmond Andross 
was rashness? needed censure, or even apology? Whether it was not rather 
a glorious effort for liberty. 

1872.] Hutdiinson s History of Massachusetts Bay, 231 

I was principally charmed with the three first chapters, which indeed 
comprehend the main of the History. The three last on Religion, Laws, 
and Aboriginals, did not seem to me to equal the rest of the composition. 
To say nothing of the ecclesiastical Constitution, as to which I may be pre- 
judiced ; the judicial decisions and examples in Legislation which you 
selected to illustrate the spirit of Laws for that age, perhaps are not the 
most happily chosen — many are beneath the dignity of Laws; and taken 
collectively communicate a lower idea of the abilities of our Ancestors in 
Legislation, than in any other part of their conduct ; while generally their 
jurisprudence and political proceedings were founded in and conducted by an 
accuracy and justness of sentiment which would have honored them in 
Parliament. "\Vlien I review the Massachusetts Law Book before Andross, 
I doubt if Lvcur<Tus could have delivered better liegulations for an Infant 
Colony; it is certain M^ Locke could not — his Plan both of Polity and 
Legislation failed for Carolina. The faithful Historian is to narrate Truth, 
and if not all yet so much of the Truth, as that the mind is enabled to a 
summary and just judgment on complex action. On the subject of Massa- 
chusetts Law which is complex, those are to be selected in example, which 
give the true genius and spirit of the Laws considered as a System. The 
sanguinary and futile Laws in New England are in my opinion Exceptions, 
and not of the Genius of our Legislation. Nor do you say otherwise ; how- 
ever I thought they made too great a figure in the Chapter of Laws. 

[The remainder of this Letter relates to Colonel AYiialley, mentioned in 
Governor Hutchinson's History; and states the traditionary inormation, that 
Whalleydied in Narragansett. But for Dr. Stiles's mature opinion on this 
subject, see his History of Three of King Charles's Judges.] 

[TnoMAs Hutchinson.] 

Boston 6 June 1765. 


I am obliged to you for your Letter by M'. Ellery, and for your re- 
marks upon my History. You doubt whether the seizure of Sir E. Andros 
was rash considering the certain news of the Revolution in England. I 
fancy you have overlooked the reason I give for my pronouncing it rash, viz. 
because they had no certain news ; and it appears by a multitude of Papers 
that they were in terror some time after lest the Prince should not be sup- 
j)orted, but forced to quit his design.^ 

In going through the many letters and other manuscripts I had occasion 
to make use of when I was writing the chapter upon Laws, I saw cause to 
abate from the high opinion I had conceived of the legislators. They dis- 
cover, I think, a weak attachment to Moses's Plan, I mean when they were 
considering a Plan which was not perfected until after 20 years after they 
came over, during which time the greatest part of the laws were established 
one after another, pro re nata, and these, collected together, made up 
their code.^ 

As to AVhalfy, my friend is certainly mistaken. I will inclose to you a 

' Tlic roadcr wlio is cnrious in re^Mivl to tliis portion of our liistor>' slioiild consult The 
Andros Tracts, the last two volumes of the publicjitions of tlic Prince Society, consisting 
of rare contemporary pamplilcts and documents relating to the inter-charter period. 

J. w. D. 

' Gov. Hutchinson evidently had not seen the Body of Liberties^ compiled by Nathaniel 
Ward, and adopted in 1641, by the colony. J. "W. d. 

232 Ilutcklnsons Ilistonj of Massachusetts Bay. [J^^b^ 

copy of one of GofTe's letters to his wife in 1674, where he gives a particu- 
lar ac(,'()iint of Wlialey's condition, and in one of his next letters speaks of 
her friend "now with God" &c.^ I send yon the letter the rather because 
the other parts of it will entertain you. It is Goffe's own hand. lie calls 
his wife his mother ; his children, his brothers and sisters, which will be 
enough of the key to make the letter intelligible. I have said that I could 
find nothing of GofFe after 1G79. There is only a tradition that he and 
Wlialey were buried at Iladley. I therefore think it very possible that 
GofFe might be the person supposed to be Whaley. I ho])e before long to 
see my old friend M*". Willett and to converse with him on this and other 
subjects ; if I should be prevented I will write to him upon it. If ever I go 
to Narraganset, I should not think much of riding a few miles to see the old 
woman you mention. 

"When you have convenient opportunity please to send me back Goffe's 
letter. When you see M^ Chesebrough, pray make my compliments to him. 
I am, with much esteem, 

Sir, Your most humble servant 

Tiio. Hutchinson. 

[Ezra Stiles.] 

Newport Oct. 5, 1765. 


I should have immediately answered your Honor's Letter of 6^^. which 
I received lO^*". June ult. but that I intended a visit to Narraganset, and to 
compare with the autography of the reputed Col. Whaley the letter you in- 
closed. Sickness in my family postponed my visit last summer, and particu- 
larly prevented my attending our Association on that side the Water the first 
week in September. I beg leave to retain Col. Goffe's letter a little longer, 
as I intend next week a journey to Connecticut. I was much pleased with 
the curiosity of that piece of Antiquity, elucidated by your Notes. If the 
aged person therein mentioned was Col. Whaley, as seems almost certain, 
the Narraganset Tradition is a mistake. 

I thank your Honor for your remarks on the public temerity in Sir 
Edmund Andres's affair ; I had thought they had certain intelligence of the 
Revolution — and on the New-England Legislators, who might adhere to 
the Mosaic 25olity more closely than either the climate, or the spirit of 
Britons required. 

I beg leave most sincerely to condole with your Honor under the injuries, 
desolations and distresses you have suffered ; and lament that the Annals of 
New-England should be stained wuth ingratitude to its worthiest best friend, 
a patriot who merits the esteem of America, and particularly of New-England, 
whose name and memory will not fail of reverence and applause through all 
American ages. Happy, that you are possessed of a jewel which it is not in 
the power of events to despoil or defraud you of Your Anticpiities, Family 
Pieces, Coins, antient MSS. your own Compositions, and especially your 
Continuation of the Massachusetts History to 1730, are too irrecoverably lost: 
liow happy are we, that you had printed to 1602 ! Reparation may be made 
for some tilings ; for others it is impossible. How detestable is Ochlocracy ! 
I imagine your virtue never had a severer trial. You need all the philosopher, 

^ Some of the correspondence of the Reticules is printed in the Masmc/iuscfts llisforical 
Collcctiom, xxxviii. 122-225; but this letter is not there. A letter of Gotlc to his wife in 
1662, is printed in llutchinson'a Massachusetts, vol. i., Appendix, No. xiv. J .av. d. 

1872.] Hutchhisojis Histonj of Massachusetts Bay. 233 

the hero, the Christian. Deity is Immobility and eternal Calmness — may 
He minister to vou. Sir, fortitude, serenity, dignity in sutVerings. 

It is much beyond me to see how violences can be vindicated in opposing 
the Stamp Act, or any other Act of Parliament, whether constitutional or 
not, till every other method has been used. In all parliamentary Resolu- 
tions respecting the Colonics (excepting on Keligion) so long as the alterna- 
tives are submissioi or civil wars, I shall not hesitate to cliuse and declare 
for non-resistance till the consequences of the latter are far less tremendous, 

than the effects of public oppression * 

I am, Sir, with great esteem and profound respect, 

Your most obedient, 

very humble servant, 
Hon. L\ Gov. Hutchinson. Ezra Stiles. 


[Ezra Stiles ] 

Newport, 26 Nov. 1767. 

Be pleased to accept my most respectful acknowledgments for the 
second volume of your History, which you did me honor to send me last 
July.* I have read it with great pleasure. Fidelity in narrating Facts is 
a great and principal thing : but then only is this species of writing perfect, 
when besides a well digested series of authenticated transactions and events, 
the motives and Springs of Action are fiiirly laid open, and arise into view 
with all their effects about them, when characters are made to live again, 
and past scenes are endowed with a kind of perpetual resurrection in 
History. In both these, sir, you have happily succeeded — I could only wish 
you to have been more copious on some matters respecting the internal 

Your writings, like those of the great Lord Bacon, will receive greater 
justice and applause from posterity and distant ages, than from the present. 
The subject of your History is interesting and important, especially in the 
view of Americans. The arrangement and composition are excellent. 
. . . . Amidst that caution and delicacy, which the Times and your 
Situation in political life inspire, your profound knowledge of the subjects 
you discuss, jjcrspicuity in description, love of Truth and your Country, 
and your happiness at investigating the efficient causes of events, appear with 

great dignity I'ermit me, Sir, to wish you every blessing, 

not " the glorious Independence " of a British nobleman — dangerous to vir- 
tue ; but a final participation in the exalted, though dependent, honors of 
Immortality, in the splendors of which, all sublunary glory evanishes and 
i-j lost. I am, may it please your Honor, 

Your Honor's most oblijxcd 

And most obedient servant, 
Hon. Thomas HcTrniNSON, Esq. Ezra Stiles. 

Lieut. Governor, &c. 

' The omi.s--.ions horn, and clsowlicrc in this scries of letters, arc in the MS. of tlic Rev. 
Dr. H<)lnic«, from which we [)rint. 

' The second volume was piildislied in 17^7. We find here an ajiproximation to the 
precise dnte of it?* issue. For a hililio/^'ruphical jiccoiint of Hiitthinscjn's Hitforj/ of Massa- 
chusetts, by Charles Dcane, LL.l)., see the Historical Mar/azinc for Ajiril, l.S.>7, vol. i, ])p. 
i'7-l()'2. The aiti'-le was reprinted for private cinuliition tlie same year, uiHJer tlie title; of yl 
Bibliographical Essay on Governor Hutchinson's Publications. j. w. d. 

234 Deed of Part of the Squamscoi Patent. [Julj, 



Communicated by J. Wingate Thornton, Esq. 

[The Squamscott patent, granted March 12, 1629, is printed in full in the Register, 
vol. xxiv. pp. 264-6. Appended to it will be found the division of the patent in 
1656 by the colonial authorities of Massachusetts.] 

This Indenture, made the eighteenth day of nouember, in the yeare of 
our Lord one Thousand six hundred fifty eight, betweene Capt. Richard 
Walderne & Thomas Lake both of Boston in new England merchants of the 
one part & Capt: Thomas Wiggins, one of our Honored magistrates on the 
other part witnesseth that whereas the Generall Court of the massachusetts 
Jurisdiction of new England in the yeare of our Lord one Thousand six 
hundred fifty six, in setelling the diuissions or Limmitts of the Two 
Pattents of Quamscott & Doner, allotted & assigned to the sayd Capt. 
Thomas Wiggin & partners who had interest in Eight shares & one quar- 
ter, of which sayd Eight shares & one quarter, the sayd Capt. Thomas 
Wiggin, was then owner & possessor of three shares & one quarter, 
which hee purchased of said Thomas Lake (the timber Excepted) as ap- 
peareth by a deed of sale dated the fourth day of nouember, in the yeare one 
Thousand six hundred & fifty one & one quarter of a share the sayd Cap- 
taine Thomas Wiggins had of his owne, the other two shares & three 
quarters, then belonging vnto mrs. Susanna ffitch : Captaine Ric. Walderne 
& Thomas Lake since, which the sayd Richard Walderne & Thomas Lake 
haue purchased ye said ffitch's part with all hir right & interest therein, all 
which said eight shares & one quarter being one third of the whole diuission 
or Limmitts of the said Two Pattents of Quamscott & Doner which the said 
Generall Court allotted & assigned vnto the said Capt: Thomas Wiggins & 
partners at Quamscott houses the place where the said Captaine Wiggin 
now dwelleth, beginning at a Certaine Clump of Trees standing upon a peice 
of old planting Land about ffortie Poles below a place called Sandy point 
& soe runns vp the Riuer vpon a straight line towards Exiter to the vpper- 
most head line of the second Diuission, being three miles square the lower- 
most line beginning at the said Clump of Trees, & runns three miles into 
the Land vpon Southeast line by the Compas as by the said Order of the 
said Court appeareth, now Know all men by these presents, that wee the 
sayd Richard Walderne & Thomas Lake, for & in Consideration of one- 
hundred & ffifty pounds, secured to bee paid by the said Captaine Thomas 
Wiggin, & the grant of Timber on a quarter part of a share of his here- 
after mentioned, Haue giuen granted bargained sold Enfeoffed & Confirmed, 
& by these presents doe giue grant bargaine sell Enfeoffe & Confirme vnto 
the said Capt. Thomas Wiggins, his heires & assignes foreuer, the said two 
shares, & three quarters of the said Diuission, with all our right Title inter- 
est clay me & demand of & into the same & euery part & parcell thereof, 
with all the houses, orchards. Gardens, marsh. Land stock, protlitts, pri- 
uelcdges & accommodations thereunto belonging or in any wayes Apper- 
teyning in as full <Sc ample manner in euery respect as wee ourselues haue 
can may or of right ought to haue. Also three Acres of Land at Doner 
neck, which three Acres is by the said Richard Walderne & Thomas Lake 

1872.] Deed of Part of the Squamscot Patent. 235 

to bee layd out to the said Capt. Thomas Wiggins Excepting & foreuer re- 
seruing vnto vs the said Ricliard AYalderne & Thomas Lake, our heires 
Execute" Administrato" & assignes, all the timber now standing grow- 
ing & being, or that hereafter shall stand grow and bee, vpon all & euery 
part of the said bargained premisses, such timber in this reseruation not to 
bee included, as shall at any time hereafter by the said Capt. Thomas Wig- 
gin's, his heires Executo" assignes or successo" bee vsed for fyring fencing 
or building vpon any part of the said bargained premisses, And that wee the 
said Richard Walderne & Thomas Lake, our heires Executo" assignes or 
workmen shall and may from time to time & at all times hereafter haue free 
libertie of passage or repassage by Land or water for cutting or fetching the 
said timber from off the said Land & euery part thereof not doing any damage 
in any corne feilds, or meadowes without making just or due recompence, also 
Excepting & foreuer reseruing unto vs the said Kichard Walderne & Thomas 
Lake, our heires Executo" & assignes one parcell of vpland & marsh at 
Sandy point aforesaid from the mouth of a Creeke called Walls Creeke, 
about the aforesaid Sandy point vpon a straight line to the lowermost south 
East line, beginning at the said Clump of Trees fifteene rodd from high water 
marke, And in case the said Southeast line from Sandy point aforesaid, 
should take in all or part of the ffifty Acres formerly sold to Captaine Cham- 
pernoone on the west side of Winnicott Riuer the same is by these p'^sents 
also Excepted & foreuer reserued unto vs the said Walderne & Lake our 
heires & assignes as aforesaid. To Haue hold and posses and enjoy the said 
two shares & three quarters with all & euery the proffitts, priueledges & 
Appurtenances thereunto belonging (Except before Excepted) vnto the 
said Capt: Thomas Wiggin his heires & assignes to the only vse of the said 
Captaine Thomas Wigixin his heires & assignes foreuer. And wee the said 
Richard Walderne & Thomas Lake doe for our selues our heires Executo" 
& Administrato", Couenant & grant to & with the said Captaine Thomas 
AViggins his heirs Executo" Administrato" & assignes, by these p'"sents that 
the afore-bargained p''misses, shall bee & Continue to bee the proper right 
& Inheritance of the said Captaine Thomas Wiggin's his heires & assignes 
foreuer, wltliout any the lest molestation trouble P^xpulsion or Euiction of 
vs the said Richard Walderne & Thomas Lake, our heires Executo" or as- 
signes, or any clayming any Title clayme or interest to the same, or any 
part thereof, by from or under vs or either of vs, or ye heires Executo" or 
assignes of vs or either of vs. And that wee the said Richard Walderne & 
Thomas Lake, our heires Executo" or assignes, or some or one of vs shall 
& will, vpon reasonable demand deliuer or Cause to bee deliuered vnto the 
said Captaine Thomas Wiggins, his heires or assignes true copies of all such 
deeds Euidences or writtings which Concernes the afore-bargained j/misses 
remaining in either of our hands, the same copies to bee written out & attes- 
ted, at the only cost & cliarge of the said Capt. Thomas Wiggins his heires 
& assignes — And the said Capt. Tliomas Wiirgins doth l)y those p''sents for 
him selfe his lieires Executo" & assignes (in Consideration of the aforesd bar- 
gaine) giue & grant unto the aforesaid Ricliard Walderne & Tliomas Lake 
their heires &; assignes foreuer, all the Tiiiil)er that now is or her(;after shall beo 
standing growing or being vpon the said one (piartcr part of a sliare of his 
owne afore mentioned, with Libertie from time to time, & at all times here- 
after to en ft fell & carry away the same as aforesayd, also the said Capt: 
Thomas Wiggins vpon the aforesayd consideration, doth l)y these p'sents re- 
signe vp vnto the said Ricliard c*<c Tliomas Lake their heires & assignes, all 
his right & interest in the Land called or kiiowne by the name of the 

236 Journal of Daniel Lane. [July, 

Owners Land lying & being in Doner neck, As also his interest in the afore- 
mentioned Land at Sandy point. In Witness whereof the parties to these 
p'sent Indentures, haue Enterchangably put their hands & seals the day & 

yeare first aboue written. m ttt r his i 

^ Thomas Wiggin: [geafe j 

Signed sealed & deliuered 
in the presence of 
Henry Webb: 
Ita Attests, Rob* Howard, not: Pub: 

This deed of sale was Aknowledged before mee this 
8'^ of the 9'^ month: 1658: Symon Willard. 

This is a true Copie of the Originall word for word as it stands vpon 
Reccord, in the: 59: 60: & 61: pages of the 3^^ Booke of the notary Publike 
of the massachusetts Colony of new England, & out thence drawne & Ex- 
amined, the first day of June, 1669 as pMict: Robt: Howard, not: Publ: 
Colonial Predict Vera Copia Taken out of the Reccords of the Countie 
Court of Doner, & Portsmouth : As Attests: 

Elias Stileman, cleric. 

Vera Copia Attest, p' Edw. Rawson, Secre*. 


A PRIVATE Soldier at the Siege or Quebec, in 1754, with a brief Account or 

THE Writer. 

Communicated by "William B. Lapham, A.M., M.D., Augusta, Me. 

The ancient manuscript of which the following is a facsimile, was found 
among some loose papers in the office of the secretary of state, in Augusta, 
Me., *he first of January of the present year. No one has been found who 
had any knowledge of its existence, and how it came to be with old state 
papers in the state department is a mystery. It may have been deposited 
with the state for safe keeping, when the state archives were kept at 
Portland ; and on their removal to this city, it may have got mixed up with 
them and remained undiscovered till now. This was more than fifty years 
ago, and the public men of that day have nearly all passed away ; and the 
question of how this valuable relic came among the mass of loose and waste 
papers where it was found, will probably never be fully and satisfactorily 

Internal evidence, as will be seen by those w4io read this journal, goes to 
show that this is not the original diary kept by the soldier, during the siege, 
but is a copy made by him, with the addition of new matter, a few years 
after his discharge. 

. This document was put into my hands soon after it was found, and I at 
once began to work up the case, and have at length succeeded in- establisliing 
the identity of the writer, beyond a reasonable doubt. The only clue I had 
to the authorship was furnished by the ])aj)er itself, in giving tlie place of 
residence of the soldier as Narra<jauset Number One. Two of the ancient 
Narraganset townships were located in the state of Maine, viz.: Number 
One, now Buxton ; and Number Seven, now called Gorham. 

1872.] Journal of Daniel Lane. 237 

John Lane was a celebrated Indian fighter between 1730 and 1750, and 
lived at various places on the coast of Maine, — at York, St. George, and 
Broad Bay now Waldoborough. lie was at the engagement with the 
Indians at Norridgewood, under Col. Harmon ; and when the province 
granted bounties for scalps, he was out after the St. John Indians all the 
year before the expedition to Louisburg. He enlisted a company, and 
served as captain in that expedition. After the surrender of that stronghold, 
he was mustered out. Broken down in health, he removed to York, his 
^former place of residence, and from time to time, for several years, he was 
voted sums of money by the government of the Massachusetts Bay, in conse- 
quence of his former valuable services and present destitute condition. He 
died soon after, though I am not able to give the precise date of his death. 
He left three sons: John, jr., Daniel and Jabez ; and one daughter, Joanna. 

Daniel Lane's name appears on the muster-roll of Capt. Woodman's 
militia company, in 17e5G ; he is set down as sixteen years of age, and his 
residence Biddeford. In the following year his name appears on the roll of 
his brother John Lane's company, and his residence is set down as Narra- 
ganset. In 1757, when he was but nineteen years of age, having been 
born at Broad Bay, now Waldoborough, in 1740, he enlisted for the campaign 
against Canada, and was the only soldier from Narraganset Number One, 
who was at the siege of Quebec. Hence he must have been the author of 
the following journal. There are persons, now living, who remember 
hearing him relate many incidents connected with the siege and surrender 
of Quebec, and among others, that he helped gather the balm (always 
pronouncing the I) that was used about the body of Gen. Wolfe. After 
having been discharged from this service, it seems that he again enlisted, and 
went to Halifax, N. S., to aid in i\\Q erection of fortifications at that place. 
Oct. 21, 17G2, he was married to Mary, daughter of Capt. Joseph Woodman. 
Their children were : Mary, married David Redlon ; Alice, married Ezekiel 
Edgcomb ; Rebecca, married John Merrill ; Charlotte, married John Palmer ; 
Hannah, married Paul Woodman ; Susan, married William Merrill ; Esther, 
married John Darrah ; Isaac, married Ruth Merrill ; Jabez, married JMary 
E. Knowlton ; Olive, married Nathaniel Dunn; and Daniel, jr., born 1783, 
married Juliette Fernald, of Kittery, and is now living and resides in 
Newtonville, Mass. The only surviving daughter is Olive (Dunn), who 
resides at Salmon Falls, Hollis, Me. 

Daniel Lane, and his brothers John and Jabez, all served during the 
revolutionary war, and each had the rank of captain. They are said to 
have been " splendid looking men," and possessed of great physical powers 
and personal bravery. 

Daniel lived and reared his numerous family at the lower corner in 
Buxton. His house was burned prior to 1789, when some of his children 
were yet young. He then moved to Salmon Falls, and subsequently across 
the river into Hollis, where his son owned and operated a large mill for the 
manufacture of lumber. He deceased in June, 1811, very suddenly, as he 
was entering the house of his son-in-law, Paul Woodman, in Bar INlills. 

While serving in the revolutionary army, ho kept a journal, similar to the 
following, which is now cleposited in the collections of the Maine Historical 
Society, in Brunswick, Me. He was for a time with the troops opposed to 
General Burgoyne, and in a skirmish was cai)tured and carried a prisoner 
to the British general's liead (juarters. At his earnest solicitation he was 
paroled, and when sent through the lines was made the bearer of a mem- 
orandum, in the hand-writing of Burgoyne, of which the following is a copy. 

Vol. XXVI. 22 

238 Journal of Daniel Lane, [j^^^^Yi 

The original is in the possession of Mrs. Jane Bradley, of IloUis, Me., 
daughter of Col. Isaac Lane and grand-daughter of Capt. Daniel Lane. 

" A Memorandum for Mr. Lane retiring to nrs own Home at nis earnest 

Kequest and upon his Parol." 

lid. Qurs. near Fort Pxhvard, Aug. 9 — 1777. 

" A letter has heen received directed to jNIajor General Burgoyne and purporting 
to be written by (jeneral Arnold, accusing General Biirgoyne of letting loose the 
Savages to murder scalp and destroy the human species involving the innocent with 
the i^uilty ii* one sad catastrophe. 

" As that letter neither bears a signature, nor has any other marks of authenticity, 
Lieut. Gen. ]]ur^oyne is not called upon to give it any answer, nor were it other- 
wise, would he deign to enter into a particular justification against an imputation bo 
foreign to his nature as that of inhumanity. 

" Among general facts, the Generals of the Enemy will first accept the testimony 
of Capt. Lane in his own case ; they will also understand that two of their oflicers 
who deserved and provoked severity of treatment by the most indecent behaviour 
after they were prisoners were nevertheless delivered unhurt by the Indians together 
with a wounded man brought off the field by their special humanity through a sharp 
fire. Lieut. Genl. Burgoyne has the select of seventeen Indian Nations under his 
direction. He has made use of them and shall continue so to do as one arm to sub- 
due the enemies of Great Britain, and the Genl. Commanding against him might 
complain of his availing himself of Artillery, of Cavalry or Bayonets, if they are 
not possessed of these arms in the same proportion with as much reason as they enter- 
tain, when they expect him to withold the service of these auxiliaries. 

" As to tlie rest of tlie letter, that the progress of this army is to be stopped some- 
where, it is acknowledged as the author states it that we are in the hands of God, 
but will find our waj^ through every other power as far as the king's orders direct, 
or leave our bones in the attempt." 

The remains of Daniel Lane, with those of his wife and two brothers, 
repose in the old burying ground, near the church, at the Lower Corner in 
Buxton, and no stone or other monument marks their last resting-place. 

The following Journal is printed verhatim, the heading with the first 
two paragraphs constituting its title-page in the manuscript, with a neat 
pen-and-ink border. 


Nos. Names. Nos. Names. 

15'^ Amherst's 48^'\ Webb's 

G3'\ Fraser's 

G8'^ Anstruther's 

28^". Bragg's 

35^ Otway's 

43*^. Kennedy's 

Lawrence & Monckton's | Battalions. 3 Companies of | Granadiers, 
Exclusive of 6 | Companies of Rangers & | Lascells Regim'. | under 
Command of major | Gen^ James Wolfe. | at the Reduction of Quebec. | 
Anno 1759. 

July ^^^} Our Men of Warr & Bomb Ships began to play upon the 
French, the same day General Wolfe with about 3000 Regulars & Captain 
Dankie [sic. Qu. Durkee?*] with his Com2)any of Rangers; as Capt". 

^ Capt. John Knox, of tlic Britisli army, puhlisliod in 17fi9 an TTistoricalJoiirnal of tlie 
Campaigns in North America, 1757-00, containing a diary of the military operations diu-ing 
the siege of Qncl)ec. Extracts from this diary are given in the appendix to Sabine's 
Address before the N. E. Historic, Genealogical' Society, Sept. 13, 18oi), on the lOOth Anni- 
versnry of the death of Wolfe, pp. 72-89. 

2 The words in brackets and the foot-notes, except that on the name Epaminondas, arc 
by John W. Dean. 

1872.] Journal of Daniel Lane. 239 

Dankie raarcli'd into the wocxl the Indians fired upon him, Killed 15 of his 
Men and wounded liim and his Capt". Lieu'. Armstrong. 

the 10'^, this Day General Murray Cross'd the River and Join'd Gen'. 
AVoIfe with about 150 Regulars & Capt". Hazzens Company of Rangers. 

the 12'^ General Monckton opened a Battery on point liOvi consisting 
of about 30 pieces of Cannon and 5 ^Mortars witliiu one Mile of the Town. 

July 15*^. About 4 o' Clock this Morning as our Company were alone 
the French and Indians Engag'd us, it Lasted about one Hour, in which 
we had one Man Killed and 2 wounded. 

1 G"'. General Monckton set the Town on Fire, by throwing Carcases 
& Shells therein ; the fire Lasted about 3 or 4 hours. 

17'^ this day were attack'd by a Party of French & Indians they took 
Three Granadiers Killed five Regulars & Scalp'd four of them. 

18*^^. In the Night of this day Capt". Rous in his majestys ship Sutherland,^ 
with the Diana of 36 Guns, & Squirrel of 20 Guns, 2 Sloops & 2 Catts 
hove up, and Slipt by the Town The Squirrel got by first, without being 
perceived, but as the Sutherland of 50 Guns came abreast the Lower Town 
the Enemy Perceived her and gave fire ; one Shot went thro' her Main 
Topsail, and another thro' her Mizen topsail, and a Ball Pass'd between her 
Main & Mizen Masts, and did no other damage ; The diana run aground, 
and thereby broke her Back. — The Captains of these Vessells were Hamilton 
of the Squirrel and Schomberg of the diana. — Capt". Schomberg was tried 
by a Court Martial & acquitted. 

the 22'^. July. Lieu*. Butler was order'd to march up Montmorency 
River ; as we were marching by the River Side, the Enemy fired upon us 
and wounded Lieu^ Butler and one John Miller ; this Night our Battery at 
Point Levi Hove 130 Shells into the town, and Several Carkasses & Set 
the Town on fire about 10 o'Clock at Night, which Continued until Morning 

July 24'^. this day Captain Hazzen march'd from this Place with 50 
men in order to get Prisoners or Scalps and the same day we returned, and 
brought 8 with us, and one of our men got wounded. 

25'\ Lieu'. Patten being about a mile from this Place with 7 men the 
French fired upon them, & run, took one man & the rest made their Escape. 

2G'\ General Wolfe march'd from this Place with about 1200 Men up 
^Montmorency river and when they got about 3 miles the Enemy Attack't 
them, and we drove them into their Trenches ; The Same day Capt". Ilazzen 
took G Prisoners. 

July 2G'^. This day Colonel Welch march'd about Six Miles down the 

27'\ As Col. Welch was on the Return, the Enemy fired upon them and 
killed two and wounded 5 ; At Niirht the Eiiomv Sent down a Larj^e fire 
Raft in order to destroy our fieet, but l)y the Vigilancy of our Seamen they 
were disappointed in their Aims, our Boats towing them On Shore where 
they consumed. 

July 31"'. Anstruthers Regim*. Coll: IIow with the Light Infantry and 
Capt". Hazzens Comp^. of Rangers march'd up Montmorency River, About 
one IVIile, the Enemy gave us one or two fires and Run, but (loing us no 
hurt we returned to Camp. ab'. 4 in the afternoon the Army ^March'd Some 
by Land & Some by Water ^ in Order to Storm the J'^nemys Lines, 

1 For a list of the vespcls of war whidi assisted at the reduction of (iiichec, with their 
cominaiiders and the number of fruns, ace the appendix to Sabine's Address, pp. 93-5. 

2 The words "in boats" erased here. 

240 Journal of Daniel Lane. [July, 

The Granadiers march'd within Musket shot of their Lines, but the Hill 
being so steep & their Intrenchments so Strong, that it was thought best to > 
retreat tho' with Some Loss. 900, Killed & Wounded. 

Aug'^ 2'^ Capt". Ilazzen imbark'd on board 2 fiat bottom'd boats with 
about 90 Men in order to go about 15 Miles down the River. 

4*^ We Landed on the N^ Side of the River ab^ 15 Miles down. 

wo took one prisoner, the Enemy presently Attack'd us Killed one Lieu*, 
one Private & wounded anotlier. We Soon drove them & ret^. to Camp 
the Same day. 

the 9*^. Aug**. About 2 oClock in the Morning the City was set on fire 
by Carkasses that was Hove from P'. Levi & Conf^. so until the 10*-^. at 

ll''\ The Enemy attacked a Number of our Regulars in the Woods and 
Killed and Wounded about 30 of them. 

22*^. we Embark'd on board our flat bottom'd boats with 100 Rangers 
& 150 Light Infjintry, Capt". Montgomery Commanded, went 20 Miles 
down the River that Night and Aug**. 23^. We Landed at S*. Jerkins 
[Joachim?] & there we met Capt". M^^Donald with 140 Highlanders, & 
burnt about one Mile, the Enemy Attack"^ us, we Killed 11 got 3 Scalps & 

Came off without Loss. this day we march'd and Burnt about 10 miles 

towards our Incampment. 

24t<». "VYe march'd home to Our Incampment. 

25*\ Capt". Hazzen went from this Place to P'. Levi with all the 
Rangers that was at Montmorency & Encampt there. 

31 Aug**. Major Scott imbark'^ With all the Rangers. 

September 1*'. — 1759. This day we Sailed down the River. 

2*^. Came to Anchor near Isle Madame. 

3*^. General Wolfe Left Montmorency & Encampt on the Island of 

4^\ Lieut. Richardson ariv'd At General Wolfs Quarters from Gen^ 

6'K Came to Sail from Isle Madame. 

Sepf. 8'^ Came to Anchor within 5 Leagues of Comoresco. 

9*^. Capt". Hazzen's Company Landed at Comeresco. 

10'^ Major Scott Landed w*\ 200 Rangers & 100 and 40 Regulars. 

12*^. We March'd and on the March we burnt about 70 Mile.^ 

13^^ This day General Wolfe Attack'd Montcalm And drove him on 
the Plains of Abram, in which Engagement he rec*^. 3 Wounds and was 
oblig'd to be carried out of the field & in a short time Expired of his Wounds. 
Thus fell that Brave young officer in the Field of Glory in his countrys 
Cause in the 32 year of liis Age, being this day Aged 32 years 7 [8] months 
and 13 [11] days. 

In this Engagem*. Gen^ Monckton Also got wounded & we had Ab*. 4 or 
500 Men Killed & Wounded, We Killed Gen^. Lere of the French and took 
Gen^ Levi Prisoner and the french Gen^ & Chief comm'. Montcalm, died 
of his wounds & they had about 2000 killed And taken Prisoners. 

Thus Ended that fatal day to both Parties, but Wolfe And Englands 
Immortal Glory. 

17'^. Embark'd in order to go up to the Town. 

18"'. Quebec surrender'd. 

21*'. Major Scott and the Rangers incampt 2 miles from the Town. 

J The words, " up the River " erased here. 

1872.] Journal of Daniel Lane, 241 

2Q>'\ ^e EmbarkM on board 2 Catts> 

28'\ AYe Landed on the Isle of Orleans. 

Octob''. 4'^. We Embark'd on board the Catts & the Same day Landed 
at Quebeck. 

7^. — We Sailed from Quebec And Came to Anchor off Point Levi. 

8'^ Came to Sail and the Same day Anchor'd at Isle Madame. 

9"*. Got under AVay & the Same day Came too at the Isle of Coudre. 

ir^ Got under way and the 12*'\ Anch'^. by the Island of Comoresco. 

October l5'^ 1759. Got und"" way, and the 

21*'. made Cape Gaspe, the Same day had some Snow. 

25'\ AVe Came up with the Island of Cape Breton. 

November 7'^. we came in slight of Penobscot Hills. 

8'\ Arrived at Boston. 

30'\ Capt". Rogers, Capt°. Storks \_sic. Qu. Stark ?] & Capt". Brewer 
with their Companys of Kangers were dismissed. 

Dec"". 5'^. I Left Boston and Arriv^^ at Narraganset N^. 1 the l-i*^. day 
of the Same Mouth & y^ year 1759 

Thus ends a few remarks upon the very remarkable Seige of that 
Important City of Quebec in that Part of New France called Canada. Now 
in full Possession of his Britannick JNIajesty George the 3^^ 
But Conquer'd in the Keign of his Majesty George the Second. 

Ox General Wolfe 

Whilst George in Sorrow bows his Laurell'd head, 
And bids the Artist Grace the Soldier dead, 
We raise no Sculptur'd Trophy to thy Name, 
Brave Youth the fairest in the list of Fame. 
Proud of thy Birth we bless the Auspicious Year 
Struck with thy Fall we Shed a Gen'ral Tear 
With humble Grief inscribe one Artless Stone 
And from thy Matchless honors date our own. 

On General Monckton 

When Briton's lov'd Epimanondos^ dy'd. 
Thou fell unconquer'd bleeding by his Side, 
Thy wounds a Pass-port to tlie Kolls of Fame, 
Blazons the Uero & adorns thy Name. 

Journals of Various other Remarks. 

Ent'^ under Capt". Jefferds the 19"\ day of May 17GL 

August 4'^ 17G1. March'd from Narraganset in Order to Embark for 

G"\ Embark'd from Kittery for Boston. 

7'\ Arriv*^ at Boston & Sailed for llallifax the L3^ daj 

1 7'^. Arriv'^ at Hallifax Sei)tembcr 9"'. Capt". Parker & 3 Commissioned 
ofiicers arr''. here from Boston w"\ 28 Private Men. 

having obtain'd Leave to be Absent Accordingly Sailed from llallifax the 
10"\ of October. 

2r)"'. Ab'. 8 O'clock got under way. 

2P'. Wind S. E. 

22'^ Arriv^ at Saco. 

2oK (V". at Narraganset 

> Gen. Wolfe. 

Vol. XXVI. 22* 

242 Journal of Daniel Lane. [Ju^y> ' 

28*^ "Went from d^ in the Pursuit of John Mitchel and the Same day ' 
arrivM At Saco. M 

29''\ hired a Horse & went to Wells. l 

30^^. Went to Colonel Sparehawk & got the deserters inlistment same j 
day went to Portsmouth, and was Stopt by a Snow Storm untill 

JSTov^ 3^ when I got to AVells. 

4'**. Took a deserter & got as far as Saco. 

b^. at Night got to Falmouth & Confin'd him in Goal. 

6'^ Set out for home 

7'^ got home. 

13"\ Set out from Home for Falm^ in order to Send John Mitchel to \ 

14*\ got there and found he had run away. 

17*^ Set out from Falm°. for Narraganset. 

18*\ Got home. 

19*\ Set out for falmouth and got there the Same day. 

November 20^^. About Noon Set Sail for Halifax From Falm**. 

23"^. This Morning came Abreast of Cape Sables the same day about 4 
o'clock came to Anchor in Point Rosway [Port Roseway ?]. j| 

24'^. Got under way & the same day Anchor'd in Liverpool. m 

25*\ Got under way & the Same day Anch^. in Halifax 

Dec''. 12'\ Imbark'd on board the S*. Andrea a ship of about 200 Tons 
and Dec^ 14*\ Set Sail from Hallifax. 

2P*. Arrived at Nantasket 7 Mile from Boston & there we Anch"^. one 

22^^. Hove up & run within 5 Miles of the Town 

24'^ Got underway & the Same day Arriv'd in Boston, & the 

25*^ disembark'd & every Man, proceeded to His Home. — and this day 
I went on board of a sloop Belonging to Cape Orpos [Porpoise ?] one M^ 
Huff Master and the 

26^^ of Dec^ Sailed from Boston and Arriv'd at Cape Ann. 

28*\ Sailed thence & the Same day reach'd C. Orpos. 

29*^ Reach'd Narraganset 

Anno 1762 

May 8'\ 1762 
March'd from Boston the same day reach'd Marblehead & Beat up for 

11'^ Listed one Man. 

12*\ March'd to Salem, beat up met w*^ no Success. 

13*^. March'd to Newbury. 

15^ d°. to Old York. 

18*^ d^ to Wells. 

19*\ d^ to Biddeford. 

20'^ d^ to Falmouth, & there Enlisted 3 Men. 

23^. March'd to Goram Town & from thence to Narraganset. 

May 2o*\ 1762 March'd to Biddeford. 

29^*". to Narraganset again. 

June 1**. March'd from Narraganset to Wells. 

2'^ Took up John Mitchell a deserter. ^ i 

3^ Carr'^. him to York. S| 

5*^. Went from york to Saco. '3 

1872.] Salem Loyalists. — UnpuUished Letters, 243 

6*^ Went to Narraganset. 

10"^. March*^. from d«. to Falm°. 

11"". Sailed from cP for Boston. 

14*^ Arriv'd at Boston. 

18*^ Sailed from Boston. 

20*^. Arriv^. at Falmouth. 

21**. Took up a deserter and y® 

25^. Arriv*^ home at Narraganset. 


Communicated by John J. Latting, Esq., of New-York. 

The original letters, of which the following are literal copies, were 
found among the effects of Samuel Porter, at the time of his death in Lon- 
don, in 17*J8. They subsequently came into the possession of James 
Orchard Halliwell, Esq., the distinguished Shakspearean scholar and anti- 
quary, by whom they were presented to the Astor Library of New- York. 

Samuel Porter, before the revolutionary war, was an eminent lawyer in 
Salem, Massachusetts ; graduated at Harvard College in 17G3. With many 
of his townsmen he committed the unpatriotic and unpardonable offence of 
signing the address to Gov. Hutchinson on his retirement from office, and 
embarkation for England, May 30, 1774. In the following year, he with 
other loyalists fled from Salem, and took refuge in England, where he 
resided most of the time during the war. He was proscribed in the 
banishment act of 1778. 

He was a gentleman of culture and refinement, and by his cheerfulness 
contributed greatly to the enjoyment and enlivenment of the band of " refu- 
gees " at the weekly dinners and meetings of the New-England Club in 
London during the war. His fellow townsman, Col. William Brown, then 
in England, writing to Judge Curwen in 1780, says of him : — " I lately 
received a line from Mr. Porter, describing in the most gaudy colors ima- 
ginable, the happiness to which his situation has introduced him, encourag- 
ing all the world to come to Shrewsbury, and promising every felicity that 
the golden age could ever boast of. What strange mortals we are ! Some 
men are always happy where they are, some where they have been, and 
some where they shall be ; and yet, we are none of us satisfied with past, 
present, pr to come." 

At a subsequent period of his residence in England, 1783, Judge Curwen 
makes the following entry concerning him in his journal : — " My townsman 
Samuel Porter, also came to see me ; neither time, climate, change of place 
or circumstances, will ever alter this man's character ; I never knew one 
whose characteristic qualities are so deeply impressed as his." 

He appears to have visited Salem in 1788, but soon returned to England 
and died in London in June, 1798. 

Mrs. Mehitablc Iligginson, to whom the first of these letters is addressed, 
was a daughter of Dr. Thomas llobie, of Salem, and the tliird wife of John 
Higginson, of that town, a descendant in the sixth generation from Kev. 
Francis Hiiririnson.^ 


' A ])io,£:n'''^pIiical account of Mrs. Iligr^inson nnd her only daiif^litor Mehitablc, who ia 
well remeniljcrcd as a teacher in Salem, wc arc obliged to omit; but it will appear in 
the October number of the Heoistek. — [Editor.] 

244 Salem Loyalists. — Unpuhlishcd Letters. [July, 

The l\rr. Blaney referred to in Mr. Ashton's letter was Joseph Blaney, 
born in Marblehead, Feb. 12, 1730; was a graduate of Harvard College, in 
the class of 1751 ; married, May 19, 1757, Abigail, daughter of Samuel and 
Catharine (Winthrop) Browne, of Salem. After his marriage he removed 
to Salem, and resided in Washington street, on the estate owned by his 
wife, where Dr. Fisk, dentist, now resides. He was a merchant, and one 
of the selectmen for several years. He died in Salem in June, 178G. 

Jacob Ashton was the son of Jacob and Mary (Ropes) Ashton ; graduate 
of Harvard College, 17 GG ; married Susanna, daughter of Capt. Richard 
Lee ; was a merchant, and president of Salem Marine Insurance Co. ; 
lived in the house now owned and occupied by the Misses Bachelder, 
No. 200 Essex street ; died Dec. 28, 1829, aged 85, leaving a son William, 
and four daughters. 

Rufus Chandler, a lawyer of Worcester, and William Jackson, a merchant 
of Boston, were noted tories and fled to England at the commencement of 
the war. They were both proscribed by the act of 1778. Chandler died 
in London, Oct. 11, 1823, at the age of 7G. Jackson died in 1810, at the 
age of 79. 

[Samuel Porter.] 

London, March 15, A.D. 1777. 
Dear Madam, 

1 hope I shall in a Measure be entitled to your Pardon when I have 
assured you that I never saw or heard of your obliging Letter of ye 17th Augt. 
last till the last day but two in last month, for having been abs^ in F. & other 
Dom'ns on ye (Jontin't, from ye first Day of July & Mr Sewall into whose 
hands it came having the direction of any Concerns of mine here, thought it need- 
less to post it after me (& indeed ye latter part of the year, I was so continually on ye 
wing, did not knpw how to hit me with it) bat meant to & says did mention it in his, 
but if so t'was some one 1 missed ofi'. Which 1 would beg leave to ofier you as some 
apology for my neglect to have Earlier gratefully acknowledged it. I am sorry if 
you can imagine my writing to you can afibrd me the least semblance of trouble 
further than shame for an inelegant & impertinent Performance, or that you Ma'm 
should Ever think to apologize lor your Epistolary Faculty. 1 can but admire as 
well as at ye same time applaud your hearty Loyalty untainted amid such misfor- 
tune, wish it may at some time receive its ample Reward. 

News hence 1 don't pretend to burden you with as John the Painter^ seems to have 
been of late Burthen of the Song, a better acco^. of whome, his operations here & 
Exit, I can't transmit you than contained in my Newspapers some of which will take 
the Liberty to Engross ye Bundle with tli« suppose you'll have by reprinting 
as soon as this may reach you. Could wish Hallifax more agreeable but 
hope you will continue to Enjoy Peace there with Every necessary of Life ; 
at least think you need fear no more ^lolestation at Fort Cumberland or 
otherwise as ye Ensuing Campain must carve out more necessary Employ for 
the rebellious that way, for which preparations here at Home as well as in ye 
foreii^n States in Pay are making with ye utmost Dispatch. Genl. Clinton for 
Ehode Island and Burgoyne for Canada return in about 10 Days. Tho' I can't 
be so sure of that speedy consumation of that affair as arc most of our Country- 
men here, for France has now given ye strongest assurance against their Interference, 
or Ever suffering any one Prize to be by any American Vessell bro't to any seaport 
of theirs ; & Prussia, whereto Dr. Franklin finally pretended to repair, has made it 
instant Death to any officer who shall presume to Engai2;e himself to their service. 
I yet can Hatter myself in all confidence, with ye haj)pines8 of meeting you with 
your Daughter, sometime within this three years, in Salem, again a Land of tran- 
quility, should it not in ye meantime suffer utter Perdition & our Lives be continu- 
ed which may God grant us & that forbid. 

Am sure Ma'm you need never be anxious of your Child's Education at least the 
more csKcntial & delicate part thereof, should no other advantage ofier seperate or 
deprived of her Mother. 

' For an account of James Aitkin, alias John the Painter, sec Gordon's Atnerican 
Revolution, vol. ii. p. 181. — [j. w. n.] 

1872.] Salem Loyalists. — UiqmhUshed Letters, 245 

I most gratefully sense the Honour of any confidence you seem ready to do me 
respecting her, and you & she Ma'm may re^t assured that should I retura & make 
Salem my residence (which at present to me is quite a mote point) any the minutest 
opportunity to distinguish myself in rendering her or you every possible service in 
my power will ])e most cheerfully embraced by Ma'm both your & her aflectionate 
& sincere Friend as well as obd't and faithful servant, 

To Mrs. Ilijrfjinson. Sam^ Porter 


p. S. Mr Sewall a couple of miles hence has been so unhappy as to bury his 
daughter suddenly while I was abroad of wh. perhaps you are already appri- 
zed. Col. Jirowne just returned from Paris daily expects Mrs Browne with her 
Inft Dau from Khode Island. Mr Curwen has been resident for this 8 months about 
150 miles in ye West. 

Col. Pickman intends going to his Sis'^. Gardiner at New York soon, & other 
Essex Friends are all well here, and like to be where & how to pass my ensuing sum'r 
I am not at all yet resolved, not probable long in a Palace till Winter brings me up, 


To Mrs Mehitabel Iligginson, llallifax. 

r Jacob Ashton.] 

Salem, 20 March 1787. 
Dear Sir, 

I wrote you in Octo. last, in which I informed you that your Friend Mr. 
Blaney was Dead & that I had administered on his Estate, since which I have had 
no convenient opportunity to write you — at that time I had just received his Books 
& papers, and did not know enough of them to give you any information respecting 
your affairs — in my Letter I desired you to appoint some Person here to receive your 
papers & to give me a discharge — but I have not received a line from you 'till a 
few days a^o when your favors of theSO'iiAugt. IPh Sept. last came to hand in which 
you desire 1 wou'd attend to your concerns in this part of the world 'till you shall 
find it convenient to come this way yourself. — As I am willing to do you any service 
in my ]jower, I will for the present take care of your Bonds & Notes, & any thing 
else l^longing to you which I can find, & follow as far as I am able, the directions in 
your Letters. 

Inclosed you will find a state of your affairs as far as I can now give them. — 
With respect to the ability of the several persons indebted, to make payment, I will 
inquire & let you know the next opportunity, which I hope will be soon — the only 
Bond missing is one from Barna. Dodge, which he says he paid Mrs Blaney & tooK 
the Bond in the year 1775 — there are also two Notes of hand missing, viz. Phila. 
Perkins' & Adam Brown's one of which (Brown's) you will find you are credited for 
in Mr Blaney's account, the other I don't know any thing of, but will Eni^uire & 
let you know in my next — the particular state of your Book-debts I must also leave 
'till 1 have more opportunity to inform myself respectinfj them — Just belbre your 
Letter came to hand I received of Jereh. Pa^e £11.15.0, oeing the principal of his 
Note, & wrote a Rec^ therefor on the Note, which sum I will remit you, as 
Boon as I can collect so much as to make a sum worth sending — it is unfortunate for 
you that Mr. Blaney received so much on your Bonds, as it is highly probable his 
Instate will fall short of discharging the demands upon it, tho' as yet I can form no 
opinion how much, as his Estate is })rincij)ally in Lands & it is very uncertain at 
what rate they can be disposed of — it is not likely I shall be able to collect much money 
for you 8<jon, as the disturbances in our State have for the present put a stop to all 
Law proceedings — however as I receive money, 1 will send it to you in the way I shall 
think Kiifest & most for your interest. — Bills here on London are considerably above par 
& therefore shall send money whenever I (;ollcct it, & shall get it insured from hence 
h) Jyjndon, uide^s I receive directions from you to the contrary — it is likely commis- 
pioners will soon be appointed to examine the claims on Mr. Blaney's estate, wlienever 
that shall take jdace, 1 shall jjresent them with your demands on the Estate. — 1 have 
found in the Jirick store which Mr. Blaney sold Five years ago, your Library, but 
whether there is the whole numl)er of Books you left is uncertain, however if you 
will send me a list of them, & any are wanting I will endeavour to look them u]). — 
1 have not found leisure to Examine the Books since I received them, but in my 
next will .send you a list of them. 

No process was Hver commenced on any of your Bonds or Notes — Mr. Jilanoy put 
several of the Bonds into Mr. Pynchon's hands & desired him to call on the Persons 


Salem Loyalists. — Unjnihlished Letters. 


indebted, for Payment — Mr. Pynchon accordingly wrote to them, and soon after tlie 
Personn to whom he Avrote api^lied to Mr Bhmey & he took the ]Jon(ls from Mr. 
Pynchon aii:ain & nothing since has been done by Mr l*ynchon respecting them — 
Agreeal)lc to your desire I ench)Ke a copy of your acct. against Col. Frye which I 
have taken from your acct. on file. 1 sliou'd have sent the one left by you on file, 
but I fear'd a miscarriage & 1 should not have known where to find the acct. as only 
a part appears in your Book. 

I am Dear Sir Your Friend & Servt. 

Jacob Ashton. 

P. S. As I have vraited some time expecting some vessel wou'd sail from this neigh- 
bourhood for London & can't hear of any one going soon I shall send this by a Brig" 
bound to Bilboa as it will probably reach you much sooner than any other way I 
know of at present and I imagine you will be very anxious to hear from mc — 1 shall 
write again the first opportunity 1 have to England. 

Samuel Porter Esq. 

[Addressed] Samuel Porter Esq. 

to the care of Thomas Graham Esq. 
No. 10 Serle's Court, Lincolns Inn 

Pr Capt. Weeks, via Bristoll. 

[Endorsed, in Saml Porter's hand] 
L . . . . torn . ... J ton's of March 20, 1787. 
re May 18, pd Is. with Colo^ Frye's Acct. 

C M.A. > 


C 87 ) 


I Bristol 12 

Mr. Porter, 

Sir when I administered on Mr. Blaney' Estate and received his Books 
& Papers I found in his Trunk the following Bonds & Notes belonging to you — 
On which Bonds was due May 1775, agreeably to your Memo, as follows — 

On Archs- Rea's Bond 
John Rea's 
Asa Pea body's 
Jedh. Chapman's 
Ezeki. Adam's 
Saml. Fairfield's 
Thos. Andrew's 

Enoch Putnam's Note for 
Dr. Joseph Manning's 
Timothy Fuller's 
Jacob Perkins's 
Nathi. Ilarraden's 
Paul Dodge's 
Jacob Dodge's 

Amount of Bonds bro't over 
Amount of Notes bro't over £132 10 
John Wells's note for 12 

Will"'. Dodge Junr. 1 7 


3 4 








18 5 


3 8 



£5 11 10^ 


16 6 








16 8 


15 1 

On John Brown's 
Saml. Andrews's 
Thos. Andrews's 
Jona. Bickfbrd's 
Joseph Porter's 
Asa Perlcy's 

Israel Dane's 
Joseph Blaney Esqr. 
Will'". Putnam's 
Tarrant Putnam's 
Jere^i. Page's 
Danl. Cheever's 





16 6 


19 2 

£1069 14 2 







18 6 





Car'd over 
£1069 14 

134 10 2h 

£132 10 3i 

£1204 4 4i 
Also Samuel Larrabee's Note to Perkins. 

The Endorsements on the Bonds since May 20, 1775, are as follows, viz. — 
On Arch". Ilea's Bond, Mar. 23, 1786, £7 9 7 in part of 

Principal by J. Blaney Esq. 
On John Rea's Aug. 9, 1785, 10 mos. interest, 44 12 6 in part do. " " 

On the same March 4 '86 30 

On Asa Peabody's June 30, 1785 43 

On the same Sept. 29, 1785 ' 42 

On Jed''. Chai)man's, June 24, 1776 31 

On the same Marcii 24, 1785 5 

" May 3, 1785 16 


by N. P. Sargent Esq. 
J. Blaney Esq. 

1872.] Salem Loyal ISL3. — Unimhlishcd Letters. 247 

On tliesam( 
" Joseph 
" Ezekl. J^. 

The above 
Bhiney's \^o 

"pril 28, 1786 in part by J. Blaney, Esq. 

jtcr\s April 18, 1780 25 " 

ims's March 'JG, 1785 6 13 6 " " 

re all the endorsements on the Bonds, but there is a !Mcmo. in Mr. 
of having " Reed, ot" Major Parley .UIO towards his Bond to Mr. 

Porter May 19, 1785.'' 

Judge Sargeant paid for you at Ipswich Court in June 1776 in > ^.^ q a 

Sundry Actions per his acct. 5 ^^ 

He paid \\ . B. Townsend, Esqr. on Note 18 4 8 

lie al^o paid Jona. Andrews Cok. Taxes your Tax 8 

£31 4 8 

All wliich amount to 8d. more than he received for you on Chapman's Bond 
as above. Yours J. Asiiton. 

[RuFUS Chandler.] 

Dear Sir. Its now more than six months since I arrived in this disagreeable 
country, the weather has been so Extreme Cold that we have continued froze up the 
whole time and are heartily tired of Nova Scotia. Ishol'd not be surprized if my lather 
returne*! to England, and I assure I sincerely'' wish myself there, but you know I 
have a Daughter, since the death of my mother she has lived with my Brothers & 
Sisters and my sisters being now all married I have been obliged to send for my 
Daughter, therefore can't with any propriety leave the Country. 

Before I left England Col. Fry informed me I could do something here in the way 
of my Profession, but since my arrival I have found that he knew nothing al)out the 
business. All actions here when the sum sued for is not more than twenty pounds 
are determined in a summary way, and no Declaration being necessary a Lawyer is 
.«^ldom wanted in sucli causes, and there being but very few causes except those 
summary Ones, and this Province being overstocked with starved Lawyers, I 
do not consider my Profession worth a farthing, and am as much at a loss what to 
do with myself here, as I was when in Enghmd, having no other means of support 
for myst.'lf and Daughter than my small allowance and the Charity of my friends. 

On th(; twenty-filtli of July last 1 obtained permission from the Commissioners for 
my Father and myself to receive our allowance by our agents during our absence 
from Great Britain for One year, and was tlien directed to make application for a 
renewal of those permissions at the exj)iratioa of that period, otherwise our allow- 
ances would cease, and as we expect to go to Anna])()lis in a short time, and its not 
probable we shall have another oj)i)ortunity of forwarding a Letter to London l)efbre 
the year Expires, we now forward to our friend R(jgers memorials to the Commis- 
sioners f >r a renewal of those Permissions kc. and my dear Sir after making such 
alterations as you may think ])roper we reqviest you will ])resent them. 1 suppose it 
will be a very proper time to do it immediately after the Quarterly payment in 
July next. 

I flatter myself something will be done for the Professional men this Session of Par- 
liament, and if it shou'd b*.' necessary to do any thini^ for me on that Account by 
way of memorial or otherwise I desire you will consider yourself as my Agent, and 
do every thing for me that you wou'd wish to have done for yourself. Please to 
direct your Letters for me U) the care of Jonathan Sterne, Esqr. Halifax Nova Scotia. 

I am dear Sir Your sincere friend and obliged humble servant, 

RuFus Chandler. 
Samuel Porter Esq. Halifax 1st of May 1787. 

[Addressed] Samuel Porter Esqr- 

To the care of Samuel Rogers Esqr No. 23 
Cliarlotte Street, Portland Plaro 

H. the Hope lyjiidon. 

[Endorsed in Mr. Porter's hand] 

Mr. Ru«. Chandler's of May first 1787. 

248 Salem Loyalists. — Ujijmhllshed Letters. | [Jii^J; 

[William Jackson.] 

London, Dec/inr 3, 1788. 

Mr. Porter, 'y 

St. !My last to you was by Capt. Furber in which I acquaiiAed you that 
in consequence of my calling on Mr. Cotton and tlie answer he gave me that he did 
not know that you had leave of absence, obliged me to apply to the Commissioners, 
who ordcr'd me to make oath that to the best of my knowledge and belief you held 
no office or place of profit except the Pension you Received from Government. On 
the Receipt of yours by Capt. Callahan with one enclosed to Mr. Cotton I waited 
on him again, and on my producing my Power he has paid me two Quarters amo't'g 
£50. — up to lOtii Octi". At same time told me he should not pay any more except you 
sent a proper Certificate of your being alive. 1 suppose it must be attested before a 
Justice of peace or a minister & Church Wardens of the Church professing the 
Episcopal Establishment and thefn] attested by a notary publick that they are such. 

This Day I was at the Commissioners Office in Lincoln's Inn feilds to examine the 
list of restitutions granted for Losses. On the list I saw your name, but as I have not 
a proper Power to Receive the same it must rest until your return, or if you think 
proper to execute the Enclosed which they gave me I can receive for you what they 
have granted you, they are now delivering out warrants for payment at the Treasu- 
ry to be paid next April or May bearing interest till paid. 

I understand your Income of the £100 pr annum ceases next Jan'y, as there is a 
new regulation to take place, and as a profFessional man after that period, you will 
be paid £50 — pr annum for life, the above is all the information I have to write 
to you respecting your affairs. 

By your letter by Capt. Callahan, who had but 25 days passage I was happyto 
hear you was well, but the account you give me of the Executive and Legislative 
powers are horrid, and are such that must at present forbid any ones attempting to 
return or go to America until such are better established that one may not put 
themselves to the expence and loose their time & labour for nothing but until the[y] 
do something better or establish their creditt they must appear but little in the Eyes 
of all Europe. I acquainted you before I left England I thought the next summer 
I should go again, but as things are I may as well remain here for the present and 
wait until your new form of Goverment takes place, but it seems long about, and 
I believe will be a work of time as many jealousies arise among the separate States 
with parting with their Freedom and putting such power into the persons appointed 
that they may be worse of than ever they were. You know the cry of Liberty. 

In my last I acquainted you of the King's Indisposition. It has turned to insanity. 
He is remov'd from Windsor to Kew and attended by severall Physicians. The Par- 
liment met according to prorogation this fall and was prorogued untill next 
Thursday when no doubt their will be a regency appointed, but I am affraid their 
will be some warm Debates wether it should be solely in the prince or Prince & 
Queen. The Lord Chancellor has join'd Mr. Fox's party, and is for the first. Mr. 
Pitt & party is for the latter which is all the news I have to acquaint you with. 

You'l excuse my putting you to expence of this by Packet as it may be of 
consequence to you & no Boston ship will leave this until March next. You will 
let me hear from you soon. 

Mrs. Jackson joins with me in Respects from Sr yours &c. 

William Jacksox. 

Samuel Porter Esqr. 

To the care of Jacob Ashton Esq"". 


Pr Packet State of Massachusetts. 

1872.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, 

— Pafje 240 (concluded from page 158 in Register). — 
[Stephen] y^ of Xathaneel lliitcliiiifon, & of Sarai 

[his wife. 
[William] ye eldeft fon of Will : Everton, & of 

[his wife. 
Sh : 8. 14. [Rebekah] ye daughter of Nathaneel Cutler & 

[Elifabeth his wife. 
Sh : 8 21 . [Rebekah] ye daughter of Jno Knight & of Mary his 

Sh : 8. 28. [Lydia] y^ daughter of m'" Samuel Hale, & of Lydia 

[his wife. 
Sh: 9. 11. [Jofeph] y*^ fon of Nathaneel Frothingham, & of 

[Mary his wife 
Sh : 9. 18. [Katharine] y^ daughter of m'" Thomas Tuck & of 

[Elifab*. his w : 
[Mary] y® daughter of Nathaneel Rand, & of Mary 

[his wife. 
[Sarai] y® daughter of Zechariah Johnfon, & of 

[Elifabeth his wife : 
Sh : 10 2 : [Sarai] y® daughter of John Larkin, & of Johanna 

[his wife. 
Sh : 10. 9. [Abigail] y^ daughter of John Baxter & of Hannah 

[his wife. 
[Mary] y® daughter of Samuel Leman, & of Mary 

[his wife. 
















2 : 






yecr & 














The Baptized. — Pago 241 — 

[Nathaneel] y^ fon of Samuel Leman, & of Mary 

[his wife 

Here ends Ve acct, or catalogue of y^ Baptized 
by 7 wer [?] Hd & blefsed Father, Faithful! teacher of 
x'ts pretious flock: he dying; 22. 10^*^. 1G77. 

I ws separated unto y^ work of ye ministry, & ordained 
Pastor of this c^^^o. 3<i. 1080. Pafce oves^ 
& Baptized 

[William] ye fon- of Timothy CutK, & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 
[Sarai] ye daughter of Samuel Bickner, & Hannah 

[his wife. 
[Mary] ye daughter of Nathaneel Davis, & Mary 

[his wife. 
[Sarai] y^ daughter of Nathan Hayman & of 

[Elifabeth his wife 
Samuel] ye fon of Edw*^ Wllfon & of Mary his wife 
Abigail] ye daughter of Nathaniel Hand & Abigal 

[his wife 
Samuel] ye fon of Samuel Dowfe & Faith his wife, 
Benjamin] ye fon of Nathaniel Frothingham & ofFrothing 










Johnfon : 





*3mo. 5 day 





I Lay man. 



[Mary his wife. [ham. 

& Zechariah] ye fon of Peter Fowl & of Mary his wife Fowl 
& Hannah] ye daughter of Samuel Frothingham & Frothlng- 

[Ruth his wife [ham. 

& Elenor] y® daughter of James Miller & of Hannah Miller 

[his wife. 

' A few Greek words, blotted and illegible, follow and complete this line. 
Vol. XXVL 23 



Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown. [July, j 

— Page 2il (concluded.) — 
23 William] yc fon of Ifaac Johnson & of Mary his wife.l.Tohnfon 
& Abigail] y^ daughte*" of Jofeph Frost & of Hannah Frost. 

[his wife. 
30 Nathaneel] ye fon of Samuel Lord & of Elifabeth Lord. 

[his wife. 

6. Elifabeth] } yc daughters of Andrew Belch^' & Sarai 

& Mary] ^ his wife: he amember ofy^c^ in Cambr : 

not in full coiiiunion, but had owned y^ coven*^ 

& ws recomended by y" c^ to y^ c'^ in Hartford, 

& had y<5 privilidge granted him there : : 

& Abigail] ye daughter of J ohn Fof ket & of Elifabeth Fof ket 

[his wife 
& mercy] y® daught^' of Christophe"' Goodwin & Mercy Goodwin. 

[his wife 
& Deborah] Joanna his wife 

& Lydia] y® daughter of John Walker & of Anna his Walker. 

4. 27 James] ye son of Richard Asting & of Abigail his Asting. 

& Pelatiah] ye son of John Whittamore, & of Mary Whittamore 

[his wife. 
4 Sarai] ye daughter of Edward Wire & of Elifabeth Wire. 

[his wife. 
& Elifabeth] ye daughter of Aaron Way, & of Mary Way 

[his wife. 
11 Anderfon] y® son of John Phillips & of Katharine Phillips 

[his wife. 
& Elisabeth] ? ye daughters of Nathaniel Gary & Carj'. 
& Martha] ^ Elisabeth his wife. 

Note. — The upper portion of page 241 is blotted in several places. The writing on pages 
241-9, inclusive, is by Thos. Shepard, Jr., in a small, and not very legible hand. 































The Baptized. — Page 242 — 

Elisabeth] ye daught^ of Jacob Green Jun*" & Mary 

[his wife 
Beniamin] ye fon of William Everton & Sarai his wife 
John] ye fon of John Cutler Jun^ & Martha his wife 
Hannah] ye daughter of Zechariah Ferris 
Katharine] ye daughf of John Jones and Rebeckah 

[his wife. 
Rebeckah] ye daughter of John Goofe, & of Sarai 

[his wife. 
John] ^ 

Lydia] > ye children of Samuel Ballard & 
Elisabeth] ) 

John] ye son of John Eades, & Mary his wife. 
Sarah] } ye children of Thomas Chapman, & 
Elisabeth] ^ Sarah his wife. 

Ebenezer] ye fon of John Kent, & of Hannah his wife 
Mary] ye daughf of John Roy, & Elisabeth his wife 
Abigail] ye dauglit^ of Abel Benjamin, & Amethia 

[his wife 
Zechariah] ye son of Zechariah Johnfon, & of 

[Elifabeth his wife 
Nathaneel] ye son of Nathaniel Gary & Elifabeth 

[iu's wife 
Isaac] ) ye children of John Baxter & of Hannah 

Rebeckah] \ his wife : twinns, born at one birth. 













1872.] Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown, 251 

— Page 242 (concluded.) — 
John] ye Ion of John Knell & Ellfabeth his wife. jKnell. 
Mercy] y^ daughter of Thomas Hitt, & Dorothe hislHitt. 

William] y^ son of Edward Wire & of Elisabeth Wire. 

[his wife 
Mary] y^ daughter of y^ Worship'' James RuffcU, Ruffcll. 

[& Mary his wife 
Hannah] ye daught^ of Jn^. Wild'^'r of Lancastr & 

[Hannah his wife 
Joanna] y^ daughter of Samuel Leman, & of Mary 

[his wife 


























year & 




81 • 




















Marget] y^ daughter of Jn^ Cutler Jun^ & Martha 

[his wife : 
Katharine] Brackenbury y^ daughf" of mrs Lynd 

[v^ wife 
Thomas] | & Samuel] | & Elifabeth] | & Mary] | 
& Sarai] | & Abigail] & Susanna] | y^ children of 
Thomas Addams, & AUice his wife 
William] y^son of Jofeph Kettle & Hannah his wife. 
John] y^ son of John Melvyn & Hannah his wife. 
Rebeckah.] y^ daughter of m"^ John Blaney & of 

[Sarai his wife. 
Elisabeth] y^ daug^f of o^^ bro : Solomon Phips & of Phips. 

[Mary his wife 






The Baptlfed. — Page 243 — 

Mercy] y^ daughter of m*" Samuel Hunting & of Han- 
nah his wife of y^ c^ of x* in Dedliam — 
Susanna] y^ daughter of m*" Nicholas Meade, & 

Elisabeth his wife 
Sarai] ye wife of mr Matthew Soley. — — — 
John] ) ye children of m^ Soley, & Sarai his wife. 
Matthew] ^ 

Mercy] y^ daughter of John Fowl & of Anna his wife 
Susanna] y^ daughter of IMary Green widdow. 
Mary] y^ daughter of m"" John Long & Mary his wife. 
Anna] y^ daught^ of G. Jacob Ilurd & Anna his wife 
Benjamin] y^ son of G. Benjamin Phillips & 
Mercy] y^ daughf of Jn^ Goodwin, & of Martha 

[his wife. 
Jacob] ye son of m^ Jacob Green Jun^". & of Mary 

j|his wife. 
Mary] ye wife of Indego Potter. 
Susanna] y^ wife of Robert Wallis. 
Hannah Laurence, y^ daught"^ of o'' sistr y® 
Abigail] widdow Tarbol, formerly Laurence. 
>[ary] y<' daughf of G. Indego Potf, & mary his wife. 
Rebeckah] Patefield. 

Sarai Laurence] ye daughf of widdow Tarbol. 
.John] ; 

of G. Indego Potter & 
mary his wife 

ye sons 


Indego] ) 

Margaret] ye daught^ 

Susanna] ye daughter of Robert & Susanna wallis 


















J This entry of "Addams" occupies seven lines in the Record. 

252 Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, 

















— Page 243 (concluded) . — 
John] yc youngest son of o"" sist^ Tarbol, his namei 

[Laurence, iLaurence. 
Hannah] ye daughf of John Knell, & Elisebeth his|Knell. 

Anne] y^ daughf^ of Thomas Carter, & of Esther Carter. 

[his wife. 
mercy] y® daughf of Thomas Chapman & of Sarai: Chapman. 

[his wife. 
James] y^ son of Enoch More, & Rebekah his wife More. 
William] ye son of Will : Vine, & of Elisabeth his Vine 

John] Brackenbury, y^ son of mrs Lynd 
John] I & Jofeph] | & [Andrew | & [Mary^ | 
Newell ye children of Jofeph Newell & Hannah 

[his wife. 
Hannah] ye daughf of Jn^. Poor, & Elisabeth his 

[wife ("wo w^ forra^ly Dean) 

slmuell"'^ Walters, ye children of Steph 
J 1 -1 -I L Walters, & Sarai his wife 





yeare & 

















The Baptized. — Page 244 — 

Samuel] ye fon of Samuel Blunt & Annah his -wife 
Dorothy] ye daughter of Capt Johnath : Wade & 

[of Deborah his wife 
Joseph] ye son of G. Jofeph Dowfe & Mary his wife 
Hale] ye son of bro. Edwd Wilfon & mary his wife. 
Benjamin] ye son of John Walker, & of Anna his 

Elisabeth] ye daughtr of Nich : Meade, & Elisabeth 

[his wife. 
Elisabeth] ye daughf of James Keby, & Sarah his 

Hannah] ye daughtr of John Melvyn, & Hannah 

[his wife 
Mary] ye daughf of Thomas Afhby, & mary his wife. 
Eliphalet] ye fon of bro : Nath : Frothingbam & of 

[mary his wife 
Mofes] ye son of Paul mavrick & 
Hannah Blanchard, ye daughter of G. George 

Thomas] "^ b^. 


ye sons of Samuel Blanch — & 

11 srd 

ye daughf of bro : Sam : Blanch — & 
Amos] ye son of John whitiamore, & mary his wife 
Rebeckah] ye daughf of Aaron Way & mary his wife. 
Edward] ye son of John Eades, & mary his wife. 
Chriftopher] ye son of o'" bro : Christopher Goodwyn 

[& Joanna his wife 
Elisabeth] ) twins & ye daiighfs of Isaac Johnfon & 
Hannah] ^ of mary his wife. — — — — 
Sarai] ye wife of bro : W'" JiiTiifon. — — — 
Ruth Bradfhaw. — — — — — — 














* Four lines in record. 

1872.] Record-Book of the First Church m Charlestoivn. 












— Page 244 (concluded.) — 

Sarai Candlfh. — — — — — — 

margart y* daughtet of our broth*" w"i & Sarah 

[Jemifon — 

John] ye fon of o^ Bro: Sam'^ Dowfe & Faith his wife. 

Henry] y^ son of m"" Jn" Phillips & Katharine his wife 

James] y^ orphan of Joh. Ilaiden iSc both deceafed. 

] y* son of o'' bro : Richard Austin & 









Jonathan] y« fon of Stephen Walters, & Sarai his wife. 
Barnabas] y^ fon of Kathaneel Davis & Mary his 

[wife ;j 

Anna] y^ daughter of Timothy Cutler & of Elifabeth Cutler 

[his wife. I 

yeare & 
16 81 





The Baptized •— Page 245 — 

Blanchard y® children of o'' bro : 

Barret : y^ children of of o"" sist^ 
Barret widdow. 


29 'jofhuah] 
& Jonathan] 
& Mary] 
& Abigail] 
& Robert] 
& Christopher] 
& Sarai] 

& RuthWalley]— _____ — — 
5 Jofeph] ye son of bro. Nath : Rand & 
& j James] y^ fon of bro : James Miller & of Hannah 

I [his wife 

& Thomas] y® son of bro Tho : Rand Jun"". & 
& Margaret] y^ daughf of John Ireland & Grace his 

I [wife 

12 ' y^ son of Thomas Smith & Sarai his wife 

19 Rebekah] y^ daughf of mrs Rebeckah Lynd widdow. 






















28 ' 






] of Peter Fowl & of mary his wife Fowl. 

] of mr matthew soley & Sarai his wife Soley : 

} ye children of o*" brothe'' Jonathan Gary & Cary. 
^ his wife 

} y^ children of o chambe^'lain & of Camb lain. 

^ Deborah his wife 

] ye son of william wilfon & of his wife Wilfon. 

Samuel] ye son of m"" Samuel Phips & Katharine Phips. 

[his wifej 
Isaac] ye son of John Fowl & of Anna his wife. JFowl 
mary] ye daughf of mr Nathan Hayman & oflllayman 

[Klisab'ti his wifej 
Hannah] y*^ daughf of Edward Loyd & of Ilamiali J^/oyd. 

[his wile 
Dorcas] y® daughf of John Brackenbury & of Brackcn- 

[ Dorcas his wife [bury 

Mary] y^ daughf of Peter Frothingham & of Frothing- 

Isaac] ye son of Thomas Shepperd (Sz of Hannah [ham 

[his wifciShepperd 

[To be ccn.inued.] 

Vol. XXYI. 


254 Edward Oxnard's JournaL [July, 


Concluded from page 121. 


[Nov.] 29-rr Mr Blowers called^on me at one & we went as far as Ken- 
sington. The news of the victory at Kings bridge & its being taken looses 
credit. Spent the evening at Col. Murray'. Mess". Phipps & Saltonstall 
met with the club. Lost 25. 

4-r;- Dec. Went to Westminster Hall & heard a cause argued before Lord 
Mansfield. Col. Vassal, Phipps, Mr Ligersoll & Mr HallowoU spent the 
evening with us. 

12-rr called on Mr Bliss, at 12, & as he was not at home on Mr. Quincey, 
& was told that he had gained forty guineas by insurance in the lottery. 
Livited by Judge Sewall to dine & accepted the invitation. We had boiled 
Turkey & oyster sauce, — a saucy dish in this country. Spent the evening 
at Treasurer Gray^ 

13-77- This day is set apart by government as a day of fasting & prayer 
for the sins of the people, & that it would please Heaven to prosper his 
majesty" arms against his subjects in America. The day has been kept 
more sacredly than I have ever known the observance of Sunday. Dined 
at Col. VassaP, Berners S^, & spent the evening there. 
25-77- Little did I expect to see a return of this day in England. Christmas 
is kept here universally by all sects, except the Quakers, and they open 
their shops & do the ordinary business of every day. Dined with Mr 
Laurence & there met Mr & Mrs. Curling. 

80 77- Jan. This being the anniversary on which King Charles suffered 
martyrdom, went to Westminster Abbey to hear the Bishop of Bangor 
preach before the house of Lords, or rather the Chancellor & five or six 
Bishops, who were present. He made a very ingenious discourse, well 
adapted to the day. lie reprobated the act, but seemed to think that Charles 
aimed at despotism, but that he was born & educated at a time when the 
.rights of the Crown had not been fully determined & settled. Rev. Dr 
Chandler of New Jersey dined with us. 

8 Feb. Went into the City & there heard that Dr. Dodd had been com- 
mitted for forging a bond on Lord Chesterfield. 

Dined with Gov. Hutchinson, in company with Judge Oliver, Commis- 
sioner Robinson (who is a queer fish) Mr Gridley & Mr Chipman. A 
genteel dinner of two courses. 

ll-:r spent the day at home. An extract said to be from a New York 
paper has much alarmed the people. It is as follows " Wednesday morning 
last, one of the Hessian brigades, stationed at Trenton, was surprised by a 
large body of rebels, and after an engagement which lasted for a little time, 
between three and four hundred made good their retreat. The whole loss 
is computed to be about nine hundred men. 

lO-TT- This morning went to the Treasury, & saw Mr Milhv'*^ Rowe. He 
* informed me, that their Lordships had granted me a hundred pounds a year, 
while I remained here, to commence from Lady Day. Went with Judge 
Se\/all to the Navy & Pay Offices. 
24 .-r In accordance with the invitation of Mr Lane went to dine with him, 


1872.] Edward Oiiiard's Journal. 255 

& received a friendly welcome. Our company consisted of Mr Danforth, 
Chipman, Chandler, Woodbury & Langdou of Portsmouth N. H. We drank 
Maderia, till we were all jolly. 

March 4-tt- This morning went to the Treasury & called on Mr. Rowe & 
in consequence of my representation he went with me to see Mr Robinson, 
who gave orders that I should be paid £50. He accordingly gave me an 
order on the cashier of the Bank of England. It is necessary that a man 
should be possessed of some self assurance in order to accomplish his pur- 
poses at all public offices here or else he may be neglected all his life time. 
10-77- It is said that Dr. Bancroft has been taken up as accessory to John 
the Painter in setting fire to Portsmouth Dock Yard, called on Mr Wiswall, 
who has just arrived from Halifax, called on Bliss & Taylor at Gray* Inn 
& spent the evening. 

17-rr Heard to day that Mr Tunnieris had arrived in Ireland from America. 
S'. Patricks' day, multitudes of Irishmen in the streets with green in their 
hats. Went into the city & called at the NE Coffee house, where I heard 
that the states had elected Gen^ Washington, Lord protector. It being 
Mrs. Barry" benefit night, went to Covent Garden Theatre to see Shakes- 
peare" 1 2-rr night. Mrs. Barry in the character of Viola, which she supported 
with tolerable ease. 

Last week died Sir Joshua Van Neck, said to be worth 500.000 lbs. 
sterling. He was one of the largest holders of stocks in the kingdom. Having 
the care of all the Dutch money in the Funds, he could at pleasure make 
£10.000 of a morning, only by ordering his broker to sell out, which would 
so alarm other holders, that they would in many cases also sell as fast as 
possible. When they had fallen one or two per cent., he would purchase 
back again. 

22^. Mr Chipman set out with me at 1 1 o'clk to purchase in Monmouth 
S'. some articles of clothing. When we arrived at our destination, we were 
shown into a room with only one window in it, through which so very small 
a portion of light was admitted, that it was almost impossible to discover 
the color of the Cloth, much less its fineness, we tried on several suits & 
at length I bought 

coat & 





2 waits coats 



2 pair 




£7. 11.6 the asking price. 
He took for them £5. 5 making an abatement of £2. 6. G 

The extent of business transacted by this man is almost incredible. He 
has fourteen or fifteen other shops, the value of each of which is not less 
than five or six thousand pounds. The owners of shops in this sort of l)usi- 
ness are great rogues & take every method to deceive. Dined with Judge 
Sewall &; spent the evening. Present Col. Saltonstall, Lewis & IL Gray. 
The ladies went to Christ Hospital to see the boys sup, & returned not very 
well pleased. 

10_Lu Col. Vassal! & Peter Johonnot started to day for France. ]\Ir 
Thomas Brinley was seized with a vi(jlent fever. As it was rainy spent tho 
forenoon at home. 

]Mcs.s". Murray, the Grays, & Blowers called in fur a couple of hours & 
chatted about American affairs, a sul^ject that principally engrosses our time 
& attention. Received advices that a vessel from Carolina loaded with 

256 Edward Oxnard^s Journal. [Jiily> 

Rice & Indigo had been brought into the Clyde, the crew who were mostly 
British having risen on the Americans, & seized the ship & brought her safe 
into port. 

1'^ May. This being May day, the milk men & maids walked their 
usual rounds, collecting of their customers, what they think proper to give. 
Went to Westminster & visited the several courts. During my stay at the 
King's Bench, the master of the Rolls was proclaimed, on which the Judges 
rose & paid their compliments. 

Took a turn in S'. James Park, & there heard that Gen^ Washington was 
actually dead, & that Mifflin had succeeded him. After visiting our friends 
in the Row, at 7 P. M., took leave of Mrs. Jesse where I have lived for 
eight months past, leaving in her charge a trunk containing wearing appar- 
el, a gold seal, crest & cypher, a gold emerald ring & two mourning rings, and 
went to the Crown & Bell, Holburn, for convenience in starting in the 
Stage for Buckingham, which leaves early in the morning. 
11-rr at half past 10 went to S*. Mary* Church Oxford to hear a univer- 
sity sermon, which is preached every Sunday morning and afternoon by one 
of the heads of the Colleges. 

The Vice Chancellor comes attended by the heads of the colleges in their 
scarlet gowns, the procters & the beadles with their maces. The person 
who preached was one that is called a Hack, that is he takes the place of 
some one else, for which he receives compensation. I must needs say, that 
in my life, I never heard such an odd discourse. He conveyed to me the 
idea of Dean Swift, as I have imagined him. His sermon instead of excit- 
ing ideas of a serious nature seemed only designed to promote laughter. 

Took places in the stage for Bath. Fare 21s. 

At 12 arrived at Arencester, an old town near which is the seat of Lord 
Bathurst, the present Lord Chancellor. The colors were displayed for 
Bromley Chester, who has succeeded in the election, which it is said has 
cost the parties £50,000 each. Elections now a days may be compared to 
cases in courts, where one client has gained the cause, but appears in rags, 
while his opponent, who has lost it, is quite naked. Mr Chester has been 
elected, but is in all probability ruined. 

23^. Having ordered a chaise over night to be at the door at 9, at the time 
appointed, set out for Bath, the most noted place in the kingdom for dissi- 
pation. It is handsomely built of white stone so soft that it can, when j&rst 
quarried, be sawed like wood, but when exposed to the air for some length 
of time, it becomes hard & very durable. The circus & crescent are magni- 
ficent Buildings with two noble rooms for public assemblies. The Ball 
room is one hundred feet long & highly finished. The card rooms are very 
handsome, and when the weather will not allow exercise out of doors are 
generally used by ladies & gentlemen to walk in. 

29 -rr aroused this morning by the chiming of the bells at the Cathedral & 
the church of S^ Mary Radclitfe & upon inquiry found it to be the anniver- 
sary of the restoration of King Charles the Second. I am very confident 
that most of the inhabitants of this place had rather see a Cromwell rule. 
While Mess". Waldo, Barnes, Bliss & Porter were standing with me to see 
the Mayor & Corporation with a few trading companies going in procession 
to the Cathedral church to hear prayers & a sermon, who should appear but 
Mr Wiswell, who had come from Plymouth to make Mrs. Coulsou a visit. 
We drank tea there & afterwards went to hear the famous Sir Harry Tre- 
lawney preach. This gentleman has an income of £2000 per year, the 
greatest part of which he distributes to support the methodistical scheme. 

1872.] Edward Oxnard's Journal 257 

He exhorted the people in a most vehement style to repentance, but there 
was very little good sense in what he said. 

Speaking of Sir H. Trelawney, Mrs. Garnett observed that he was one 
of the handsomest men she had ever seen. I have noticed that in general, 
when the women speak of these itinerant preachers they always remark 
upon their figures & person. It is said that Sir Harry is particularly fond 
of the sisterhood. 

S'^. June. This has been the most delightful day, that I have experienced 
for a lonij time. At 12 o'clock went with Mr Danforth & Dukenfield to 
the Wells. First to the billiard room & from thence to the Pump room, 
where we drank a glass of the water. I was much grieved to see so large 
a number of Invalids, particularly young ladies. In some cases the use of 
these waters may prove beneficial, but I am inclined to think that this is 
rarely the case : if they receive any advantage, it is from the air, which is 
very pure & also from the mode of spending the time, which relieves the 
mind & disposes it to cheerfulness. Just as we were coming out, who should 
enter but Mr Dowse, dressed in his black suit, rosette, cane & jack boots. 
I must needs say that he cut a very ridiculous figure. It is not uncommon 
to come to the pump room booted, & sometimes to a public breakfast : some 
even go so for as to dance cotillions in their boots. 

A house was pointed out, which was very elegant with fine grounds sur- 
rounding, of the owner of which a singular circumstance was related. He 
had occasion to go to the Bank, & while there an old miserly looking man 
wanted one of the tellers to exchange a guinea, which he said he had re- 
ceived of him, & was of light weight, but he refused notwithstanding his 
importunity. This gentleman finding the old man in so much trouble on 
account of so small a sum, gave him a good guinea in place of that which 
was short of weight & thereupon the old man was so much pleased, that he 
cultivated his acquaintance, & at his death left him £10,000. No bad inter- 
est on his investment. 

21". Obliged to borrow an umbrella to shelter myself from the rain. It 
is an article much used here for that purpose by ladies and gentlemen. At 
Bath they are contrived in connection with a walking stick so as to be 
very handy. 

Passing over Brandon Hill, a gentleman told me that Queen Elizabeth 
when here, thought the ladies of Bristol so very homely, that to encourage 
matrimony, she ordained that every man who married a Bristol woman 
should be free of the City. Dined home alone except Mrs Allard. She 
desired me not to forget the Mayor of Monmouth* toast, which was " God 
bless us all." Being at a public feast, he was called upon to give a toast, & 
this, which he gave, was so outre, that it was much remarked upon. 
6-rr In the morning to Church — one recently built & in elegant style. 
Here we were shown a place, but by no means the uppermost seat in the syna- 
gogue. AVhat with the size of the church, ik, the weakness of the Speaker' 
voice, we might as well have been at home, for not the least word could we 
hear. I dare say many satisfied themselves by the command to assemble 
themselves together — for they could not have received any edification by 
the hearing ear. In the afternoon to meeting, & he^rd a ]\lr Harrington, a 
sensible man, but possessed of rather a fanciful imagination. After giving 
out his text, he merely referred to his notes, a method much in vogue witli 
dissenting parsons. 

The people of this town, who are dissenters are universally opposed to 
the measures of government &; I believe it holds good with persons of this 

258 Edward Oxnard^s Journal, [:^^Yi 

sort, throughout the kingdom. There still remains the old leaven of 
Oliver' time. 

30-r7- This day I complete my thirtieth year of age. May Heaven grant 
me the happy sight of my native land before the return of another 
birth day. Driven by the unhappy situation of my country to seek that 
peace in a foreign clime which was denied me in my own — my anxiety, 
since I left it, words cannot express. Oh God ! whatever afflictions thou 
shalt see fit to lay upon me — grant me the resolution & fortitude to support 
them manfully. 

Aug 22. reached London at 5 oclk having been absent nearly four months. 
After all there is no place so well calculated for men of leisure as the metro- 
polis. Go into the largest city out of London & you are immediately known 
& your connections & business. The same spirit and inclination for gossip 
prevails as in America, the landlords of the Inns being able to give the 
genealogy of every man in the town & the most minute occurrences of his life. 
Sep'. 16^^. rose at 8 & dressed — & at 11 called upon Mr Rowe & received 
my quarterly payment by an order on the Bank of England, which was no 
sooner presented than paid ; from thence went to the N. E. Coffee house. 
Great dearth of news. It is not a little funny to observe the various squibs 
in the newspapers upon the two brothers Howes & their secret expeditions. 
25 -rr spent the morning at home in writing to my brother. At J past 3 
went to Mr. Sands to dine. Mess". Brown, Letchmere, Brinley, Johonnot, 
Quincey, Danforth, Rowe, H. Gray, Waterhouse & Sargent present. An 
exceedingly good dinner of fish. Madeira in abundance. As his wife was 
not at home, we made a late afternoon of it. 

Oct 18. dined at Shorter' & in the evening called on Judge Brown whose 
son has been very ill of a slow fever, attended by Dr Perkins who has 
saved the lives of many by his skill & I look upon it as a great blessing 
that he came over. He has been likewise at great pecuniary expense in 
aiding, generally refusing to receive compensation. 

I am told that several Gentlemen of the faculty belonging to this country 
have declined to receive fees from my countrymen. Looked into the N. E. 
Coffee house but could hear nothing new. Every body is grumbling for 
news from America & finding fault with men and things. 
Nov 19. Dismissed my frissieur, sent for another, but did not agree with him 
as he asked 425. per quarter. We have rec^ various accounts from America 
in different ways, that Gen^ Howe has defeated Mr Washington, but no 
official information as yet. Went to Lewisham, iu passing through which 
somewhat late in the morning, & finding the people in general were in bed 
King James 1'*. inquired the name of the town, and when told said " Long, 
lazey, lousey, lubberly Lewisham." 

20 -rr Having breakfasted Col. Pickman, Mr Sargent & myself went to 
the house of Commons to hear the debates upon the king' Speech. After 
waiting some time, we made shift by paying 3s to obtain a seat. We got 
in about 1, & it was 3 o'clk before the usher of the Black rod came to ac- 
quaint the House, that his Majesty waited for them. The Speaker pi-eceed- 
ed by theMace bearer & followed by a number of the members attended, & 
after being gone about twenty minutes returned, and having commanded 
silence, read to the House the King Speech, which being finished, a short 
pause succeeded. 

Lord Hyde then rose & after a short speech moved the address, which 
was Seconded by Sir Gilbert Elliot. They represented the necessity of 
prosecuting the war & that the nation had nothing to fear from the other 

1872.] Edward Oxnard^s Journal. 259 

powers of Europe ; that the manufacturers were fully employed, & that 
Commerce had been but little injured, so that the people were abundantly 
able and could well aiford to carry it on. On the part of the opposition, 
Lord Granby rose and after shewing the inexpediency of continuing the 
war & observing how little had been accomplished by the most able com- 
manders in the service during the course of three campaigns, moved an 
amendment to the usual address, praying his majesty to order an immedi- 
ate cessation of hostilities to be continued until some plan for a perpetual 
union between the mother country & its colonies could be definitely arranged. 

His motion was seconded by Geo. Johnson. Mr Butler & Ilon*^'^ Charles 
Fox joined in the discussion. The former a very rapid speaker, deals too 
much in tropes and figures ; the latter is by far the most formidable. He is 
strong & nervous in his language, but too apt to be scurrilous. 

Lord North was the last speaker, & convinced me that he was a good 
statesman & an able minister. Lord Germaine is clear & distinct in his 
expressions, but is far from being the eloquent speaker I have heard him 

Dec 2^^. Last evening Lord Germaine received a letter from Sir Guy 
Carleton, acquainting him that two deserters from the Provincial Camp had 
come in with the report that Gen. Burgoyne with all his army had capitu- 
lated. The consternation of the people is very great. A general gloom 
hangs upon the countenances of every one. The town of Manchester has 
agreed to raise one thousand men & clothe them. It is almost incredible 
that ^leople can be found so foolish, as to imagine that tenants can be had 
for the innumerable dwellings that are going up. The rage for building in 
England at tliis time is somewhat similar to the tulij) mania in Holland. 

15. Jan. rainy, dined in Cram S^ Spent the evening at Judge SewalP. 
Mr Copely & lady, Mess". Clark, Pelham, Scott, & Quincey were also 
there. Strong talks prevalent about a French war. 

13-77- March, at 1 went to the Wilton carpet ware house Haymarket & 
purchased a carpet 3| yds by 3 yds. for which I paid four guineas, at 2 to 
see the procession of the Lord Mayor, aldermen & common council going 
to S^ James Palace with a petition praying his Majesty to remove from his 
presence those evil counsellors, who have brought the nation to the brink 
of destruction by carrying on a most ruinous & destructive war with Ame- 
rica. The rumor of a war with France is every moment gaining ground. 
Stocks which are the great barometer as indicating the feeling of the nation 
have been falling for the past fortnight. Yesterday they went down to 59, 
which is two per cent lower, than they were known to drop during the 
whole of the last war. 

Note. — Mr. Oxnard remained in England until the 30th of April, 1785, 
when he took passage at London for Halifax, arriving there on tlic 8th of 

During his stay in England his diary, principally of personal incidents, 
with occasional allusions to public matters, was with few intermissions regu- 
larly kept. 

He remained in Halifax until Jan. 178G, when he returned to the United 

260 Early History of Georgia, [Ji^lj? 


A paper read in substance before the New-England Historic, Genealogical Societyy 
February, 1872, by Samuel G. Drake, A.M. 

Before proceeding to give an account of the labors of Sir Alexander 
Cuming, it is proposed to notice briefly the country since known as Georgia. 
Of the tribes of Indians scattered over it, the Cherokees were, at the time 
it was taken possession of by the English, the principal. In the year 1733, 
when Gen. Oglethorp brought his colony there, he was received by the 
Lower Creeks, then consisting of eight tribes or clans, delegates from all of 
which were in attendance on the landing of the first colonists. These wel- 
comed the English, and gave them all the land in their country except what 
they themselves used. This was the usual custom of the Indians every- 
where, north as well as south, and establishes the fact, that before Europeans 
taught the aborigines the value of land, they placed no such importance upon 
it as we do ; for they used it only while it afforded them game and a few 
other natural means of living. When these failed they abandoned it, and it 
was free for others to possess. Hence it will be perceived that the limits 
assigned to a tribe or nation of Indians were very uncertain. Territory 
was often, if not generally, acquired by one tribe dispossessing another. 
Rivers, mountains, &c., became boundaries, because they were natural 
defences as well. 

We are informed by one of the most elaborate writers on the Cherokees 
and their country, Mr. James Adair, who had lived among the Cherokees 
forty years, namely, from 1735 to 1775, that " their country was in latitude 
34 deg. north, 340 miles north-west of * Charlestown ; ' 140 miles W. S. W. 
from the Katahba nation, and almost 200 to the north of the Muskohge or 
Creek country. They were settled on nearly an east and west course, about 
140 miles in length from the lower towns where fort Prince George stands, 
to the late unfortunate Fort Loudon [on the southerly bank of the 
Tennessee, opposite Tellico]. They were a very numerous and potent 
nation forty years ago ; had sixty-four towns and villages. And according to 
the most intelligent old traders of that time, they amounted to 6000 fighting 
men." This author having taken it into his head that these Indians were 
one of the "lost ten tribes of Israel," finds, or fancies he finds a Hebrew root 
in almost every word of their language ; while we doubt not that with quite 
as much plausibility it might be made to appear that the Sandwich Islanders, 
New-Zealanders, or any of the nations of Polynesia are descended from 
the Cherokees. 

The Cherokees were divided into upper, middle, and lower towns. The 
upper and middle towns were almost constantly at war with the northern 
Indians, while the lower towns were at war with other tribes on their 
borders, as the Muskogees, Catawbas, &c. Thus they were continually 
wasted away, insomuch that at the close of the French war in 17 CO, they 
numbered but about 2300, which is Major Rogers's estimate. As late as 
1795, they occupied 43 towns, and the number of warriors is put down at 
2500. When Mr. Imlay collected his valuable materials on the south-west, 
he placed the country of the Cherokees "between the Great Bend of 
Tenasee, and the ridge of hills called the Allegany mountains, the western 

O'.^ Sf^e 



V- *^ 

\ Kii'cns 7'/i(y (uc Siliialcd on j^ ,^ 
X^/Mf/roni :'>/h:i6'^ ^^_,y^/i^ 


'/ /rvin iiii hnlnin /Jn 

1872.] Early History of Georgia. 261 

limits of Georgia, and the eastern branches of the Mobile," and estimated 
them the same as Major Rogers had done. 

The Cherokee country was one of the finest in the world. When Dr. 
Morse visited it in 1822, by order of the United States government, he re- 
marked, — " Although large tracks have been purchased by our government 
of this tribe, at different times, their territory is now supposed to comprise 
10,000,000 acres, sufficient to fill a space 150 miles by 100 wide ; which is 
larger than the three states of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecti- 
cut united." And such was the country upon which the eye of cupidity 
rested, nor could it ever be diverted, by Christian or other considerations, 
until its owners were driven from it at the point of the bayonet a few years 
later ; when they had not only been taught by us the value of their land, 
how to use it by becoming cultivators of its soil, and thus depend on it for 
support ! 

In this connection one can hardly forbear making a few remarks respect- 
ing the materials for a history of Georgia ; as we find almost nothing re- 
specting that territory prior to the arrival of General Oglethorp with his 
company of emigrants, collected mainly from the debtors' prisons of the 
metropolis of the British empire. We have indeed histories of Georgia, 
and historical collections concerning that State. Into these one naturally 
looks for the earliest notice of the territory ; but he looks only to be dis- 

Whatever of history there was of Georgia before the setting out of Ogle- 
thorp would very properly be narrated in a history of South Carolina. But 
from Montgomery to Simms we have nothing new throwing light on the 
ante-Oglethorp times. The former author published in 1717, and the latter 
in 1859. As an apology for Montgomery it may be mentioned that his 
work does not pretend to be a regular history : yet its title may lead the 
reader to expect more than its author intended ; reminding us of the old 
author who, in the preface to his work, cautioned the reader not to expect 
too much, lest it should prove to be like a mean structure with lofty and 
elegant portals. 

To commence the history of Georgia with the colony under Oglethorp, 
would be extremely like beginning the history of New-England, jumping 
over all the early voyages and other transactions which led to its settle- 
ment. The general himself refers to previous transactions of a deeply 
interesting character. In his address immediately after his arrival (in 1733) 
he says, — '"There was a time, when every day brought fresh advices of 
murders, ravages, and burnings." The historian of Georgia is expected, at 
least, to refer to these matters. 

The principal object of this paper is to detail an early embassy to the 
country of the Cherokee Indians ; the chief authority for which is a MS. 
written by Sir Alexander Cuming, Bart, in the year 1755, the ambassador 
himself. This MS. came into the writer's hands by purchase from a Lon- 
don bookseller. Accompanying it was a paper, stating that it once belonged 
to the great Shaksperian scholar, Isaac Read, Esq., from whom it passed 
into the kee{)ing of George Chalmers, Esf{., best known in this country by 
his great work, — " The Political Annals of the United Colonies,'^ S^c., a stout 
quarto, London, 1780. 

Sir Alexander Cuming, Bart., was a son of a gentleman of the same 
name and title, and was probably born at the paternal seat of the Cumings, 
of Culter, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, about the year 1G92. llis father 
was created a baronet, Feb. 28, lGt)5, and was succeeded in the baronetcy 

Vol. XXVI. 24 

262 Early History of Georgia. [Julj; 

by this son. lie was designed for the profession of law, and spent some 
time in its practice in his native Scotland. How he came connected with 
the affairs of Georgia, does not fully appear ; possibly through the agency 
of Sir Robert Montgomery his countryman. Certain it is, however, that 
up to the year 1732, the tract of country since Georgia was a wilderness 
waste, with the Spaniards on its southerly and the French on its westerly 
borders. These were using every effort to monopolize the Indian trade, and 
]iad been very successful. Notwithstanding the treaty of peace signed at 
Seville, Oct. 28, 1729, between the English, French and Spaniards, it 
scarcely amounted to a truce. However it was thought a favorable time to 
establish a trade among the Cherokees, and to secure them to the English 
interest. To effect this very important object, Sir Alexander Cuming was 
sent over as an ambassador in 1730; and from certain passages in his MS. it 
would seem that the affair was kept secret until his return, as no account is 
found of his preparation or departure upon the service, although arrange- 
ments had probably been made for it as early as 1728. It would seem also 
from the same source, that the stupendous financial projects of John Law 
had caused a great panic in England, inasmuch as those projects were for 
the advancement of the French nation in its strides towards universal em- 
pire ; so much feared and dreaded for a considerable period by a large class 
in England. As an offset to this gigantic scheme of Law, the great South 
Sea Company was set on foot. In this Sir Alexander became interested, 
but to what extent he does not state ; but his connection with it, judging 
from what he does say, did not improve his fortune. He tells us, that in 
the year 1719, he was " unvoluntarily called from his business of the law 
of Scotland in order to examine the nature of those principles which were 
formed by John Law to aggrandize the power of France, and to set her up 
above that of all other nations upon the face of the globe. The principles 
then recommended by him had so intoxicating an effect as to create an epi- 
demical distemper which seemed to turn the heads of all Europe, and occa- 
sioned the budding forth of several lesser schemes which proved the ruin 
of many thousands here in England." Among the " lesser schemes " was 
that already mentioned, usually known as the South Sea Bubble. Although 
Sir Alexander does not acknowledge himself one of the victims of that 
great swindle, it is pretty evident that he was ; and although he writes like 
an honest man, it is pretty clear that he was somewhat visionary ; asserting 
at one time that by ]iroper management, the Cherokee country would pay 
the national debt of England in twenty years. But before he broached this 
scheme he seems to have had another, which may be best understood by 
presenting it in his own words ; premising that for six years he appears to 
have been floundering in the John Law scheme and the South Sea Bubble, 
which bring his history to midsummer 1725. "And then," he says, "it 
became requisite to pursue the notions I had acquired, and to extend my 
views to remedy the inconveniencies which Law's schemes had promoted, 
and 2)rocured. The settlement of a college in Bermudas seemed to me the 
most rational way to stem the torrent of that stream which was then issuing 
forth from France to overflow all our settlements on the continent of Ame- 
rica." Sir Alexander's argument for this college was, that by it "the native 
Indians beins^ instructed and taught a veneration for the customs, man- 
ners and laws of our country, they would be the projierest instruments 
to secure their countrymen to our interest against the French, our most 
powerful enemies." The question may very likely have occurred to some 
of the well informed of that day, where Sir Alexander would obtain his 

1872.]" Early History of Georgia, 263 

Indian students, for there were no Indians in Bermuda, and we are told by the 
early voyagers to the Island, that there never were any on the island, or none 
when discovered. Hence it doubtless seemed preposterous to go into the wil- 
derness of America to procure scholars to be educated some hundreds of miles 
off in the ocean. Yet, however preposterous this scheme was, it seems to 
have been a favorite one witli others as well as witli Sir Alexander ; for it 
appears that an expedition actually sailed for that object, under the leader- 
ship of Dean Berkely, in September, 1728 ; but it soon returned, not able to 
overcome the obstacles it encountered. The Dean was more* successful the 
following year, when he came to Rhode Island. Although it does not appear 
that Sir Alexander's college "notion" met with much if any fiivor, yet his 
friends were inclined to do something for him ; and accordingly he was re- 
commended to the Ministry as a suitable gentleman for governor of Bermudas. 
This recommendation was by the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Isla}'', his Grace the 
Duke of Arg3'll and Greenwich, " backed in a very emphatical manner by 
the Rt. Hon. Sir Paul Metheuin, the most distinguished Knight of the Round 
Table upon the revival of the order of the Knights of the Bath." [Sir Paul 
was treasurer of the king's household.] 

Notwithstandinof this 1112:11 recommendation Sir Alexander did not secure 
the place, and how he was employed for the next two years does not appear, 
but upon the accession of George 11. (1727) to the throne he appealed 
directly to him, reminding him that his [Sir Alexander's] father had on a 
certain time saved the life of his majesty. The king, in acknowledgment of 
the circumstance, ordered the secretary at war to notify him when any va- 
cancy happened that was suitable for this applicant. This was about two 
years before the embassy to the Cherokees was undertaken, and hence the 
conclusion is arrived at, that Sir Alexander's appointment was in consequence 
of the circumstance just alluded to. 

We do not find in our examination of documents any notice of the depar- 
ture of Sir Alexander and his party ; but of his arrival in the Cherokee coun- 
try and subsequent transactions, there is a minute account, which it is now 
proposed to sketch. That no record is found of the sailing of the embassy 
may be accounted for upon the hypothesis that it was secretly undertaken 
for apparent reasons then existing. News had reached England, that about 
the middle of March, 1729, an army of Carolinians, consisting of 100 white 
men and 100 Indians, had killed thirty-two Yomassee Indians and a fryar, 
burnt their town, and driven others into the castle at St. Augustine ; that 
an alliance was formed between the Creeks and Cherokees against the Eng- 
lish, and that in this aspect of affairs the English traders did not dare to 
resume their business amono- them. This was the state of thiiio-s when Sir 
Alexander Cuming arrived in " Charles Town." Nothing daunted, how- 
ever, he left that place for the interior, on the 13th of March, 1730, and in 
ten days arrived at Keeakwee, 300 miles from Charleston. By the way he 
learned that the Cherokees were governed by seven Mother Towns : — These 
were Tannassie, Kettooah, Ustenary, Telliquo, Estootowie, Keyowee, and 
Noyohee. These towns had each their king, but at this time the kings of 
but three of the towns were alive, namely, those of Tannasee in the upper 
settlements ; of Kettooah in the middle ; and of Ustenary in the lower. 
Besides a king, or head man, each town had a head warrior. 

On the 3d of April, Sir Alexander was at Telliquo with his company, 
which consisted of Eleazar Wiggan, Ludovick Grant, Samuel Brown, Wil- 
liam Cooper, Agnus Macpherson, Martin Kane, David Dowie, George 
Hunter, George Chicken, Lacklain Mackbain, Francis Bavcr, and Joseph 

264 Early History of Georgia. [July? 

Cooper, all British subjects. Here, at this time and place, Moytoy (of 
Telliqiio) was chosen emperor over the whole Cherokee nation, and unlim- 
ited power was conferred upon him. 

"When Sir Alexander had arrived at a point about 100 miles from Charles- 
ton, he was informed by a Capt. Russel, that for two years the French had 
been endeavoring to seduce the Lower Cherokees to their interests ; that 
one Whitehead, a native of Paris, was the French agent. But here our 
documents take us a step back, in the detail of Sir Alexander's journey in 
the Indian country. It was about five o'clock in the afternoon that he 
set out from Mr. James Kiuloch's plantation at New Gilmorton, being 23 
miles from Charles Town. He was attended by Mr. Geoi'ge Chicken, be- 
sides Alexander Muckele, Aaron Cheesbrook, and Powel, pack-horse men ; 
but the pack-horse men having got drunk, and overturned the baggage, these 
were left behind, and Sir Alexander proceeded with only Mr. Chicken and 
Mr. George Hunter, and lay that night at Mr. Alexander Kinlock's house 
at Wampee, 14 miles from his brother James's. On the 14tli the party 
reached Mr. Neilson's, about 20 miles from their last named place. During 
this day's march Sir Alexander employed much of it in searching for springs, 
ponds and minerals. The loth they made 35 miles, and stopped at the 
house of Mr. Coxe. Here Sir Alexander met Mr. William Cooper, a bold 
man well skilled in the Cherokee language, who engaged to meet him on the 
next day, and attend him to the Cherokee mountains. March 16, they 
reached Capt. Russel's before mentioned, but 10 miles from their stopping 
place ; having spent much time in search of curiosities. Among those dis- 
covered was a cave. They went into it. Mr. Hunter, Mr. Chicken and Mr. 
Coxe made marks to show that they had been there ; and Sir Alexander cut 
upon a stone on the left hand of it " King George II., of Great Britain, 
wrote by S. A. C." He also discovered some iron stone, which was one 
great end of his going in person to the mountains, not being able to depend 
upon the truth of any report he had heard in Carolina. Here his drunken 
pack-horse men came up. Two of those he discharged, and hired James 
Anderson in place of them. The 17th, more iron ore was discovered. On 
examining it Mr. Hunter found it yielded one third iron. Here Joseph 
Fairclough told Sir Alexander, privately, of a discovery he had made of 
copper, about 450 miles from the Catarba nation, and offered to conduct him 
to it, but Sir Alexander said his intent in going to the Cherokee mountains was 
more than answered by the discoveries already made, besides the getting 
roots for the bites of snakes : so he proceeded to Beaver Creek, and en- 
camped under a tree some 18 miles from Capt. Russel's. 

March 18. After procuring several roots for the cure of the bites of 
snakes the party went on to the Congarees, where they again encamped un- 
der a tree, distance about 20 miles. Here happened something remarka- 
ble ; Capt. How, a chief of the Cartaba nation, by his manner towards Sir 
Alexander, whom Sir A. had made his friend, ordered his men to salute 
him with feathers, said they would dance round him all night, and 
would make him a present of all their skins ; but understanding that the 
dancing would disturb, instead of gratifying Sir Alexander, he ordered his 
men to desist, and withdrew and shot a turkey for his supper. 

March 19. William Cooper returned according to promise, but Sir Alex- 
ander was plagued because Mr. Chicken had taken away his guide to catch 
a runaway horse, by which a great part of the morning was lost : so he left 
Mr. Chicken and Mr. Hunter and the pack-horse men behind at the 18 mile 
Branch, and proceeded with William Cooper only to Hollow Creek branch, 

1872.] Early History of Georgia. 265 

being 30 or 35 miles from Congerees. The following day they went to 
Ninety-six Mile Swamp, where William. Cooper's horse was found lame. 
It rained heavily all night, while they had only trees for shelter ; the wolves 
making the most hideous howls all about them. Thus ended the 20th of 
Mai-ch, on which they had journeyed 38 or 40 miles. On the 21st they 
reached Long Cane (now in Abbeville county, S. C), 30 or 35 miles. This 
day William Cooper killed a buffalo, a viper, a fox squirrel, and wounded 
three wolves. These attacked their great dog, and were not beaten off till 
they had nearly killed him, tearing out part of his entrails. On the way Sir 
Alexander found some small stones which shined like gold, and passed Mar- 
rowbone Creek, where a Cherokee the last year killed the Cheekipaw by 
Mr. Weekly's side. [Who Mr. Weekly w^as, does not appear.] 

March 22. They reached Boggy Gully, 36 or 40 miles from Long Cane, 
and encamped in the woods ; having as usual examined the country for 
minerals and other curiosities by the way. From this point they went to 
Keeowee, which they reckoned 20 miles [in the present county of Pendle- 
ton]. Here Sir Alexander learned more particulars respecting the hostile 
disposition of the Cherokees ; especially the Lower Towns ; that the Lower 
Creeks were in the French interest, and were exerting themselves to seduce 
the Cherokees to join them ; that but a month before those emissaries had 
gone to receive presents from the French, and upon their return it was 
expected that the Cherokees would join them against the English. A great 
number of the Indians were assembled in their Council-House here at this 
time. Among these Sir Alexander was resolved to make a bold push. So 
at night he entered their Council-House, where were above three hundred 
of them. Surprised at the audacity of the stranger, who demanded their 
acknowledgment of the king of England's authority over them and their 
country, they at once submitted, and said they would obey him in every- 
thing : Sir Alexander called them to make this submission on their knees, 
protesting that if they violated this promise they would become no people : 
a submission they never made before either to God or man. Sir Alexander, 
upon this great event, ordered expresses to be sent through the whole Che- 
rokee nation, directing that three head men should meet him at Nequassee on 
the 3d of April, where he proposed to be on his return from the mountains : 
That these head men should bring full power from the three settlements that 
what had been promised should be performed. The Indian traders at Ne- 
quassee who were eye-witnesses, and Joseph Cooper the interpreter, having 
declared that what they heard and saw done that night, was so incredible, 
that they would not have believed it possible had they not seen it them- 
selves ; that nobody in Carolina w^ould believe their report to be true, for 
that he (the interpreter) declared that if he had known what Sir Alexander 
was going to do, he would not have dared to enter the council-house that 
night, nor would the traders have ventured to witness the proceedings; 
believing that none of them could have got out alive ; but the Indians 
being taken by surprise, and amazed at the manner of Sir Alexander, at 
once submitted to whatever he demanded. He stood up in the midst of 
them and made his s[)eech through the interpreter ; and though armed with 
three cases of pistols, a gun and a sword under his great coat, it is not re- 
ported that he flourished any of these to awe the savages. 

As there was a possibility that he might not live to return to England, 
to report his successes, Sir Alexander drew up a declaration of the whole i)ro- 
ceedings, to be sent to his majesty in case any accident might happen to him. 
This declaration was witnessed by himself, Josei)h Cooper, interpreter; 

Vol. XXVL 24* 

266 Early History of Georgia. [July, 

Ludovick Grant, Joseph Barker, Gregory Haines, David Jenkipson, Thomas 
Goodale, William Cooper, guide ; William Ilutton, and John Biles. Dated 
May 23, 1729-30, at Keeovvee. 

On March 24, Sir Alexander went on 12 miles to Occounny. [Oconee 
is a town on the river of the same name, the north main branch of the 
Alatamalia.] Here he slept at Mr. Dawie's, an Indian trader ; and observed 
that a solemnity was acting in the council-honse, about creating a new king. 
On the 25th he proceeded through Keeowee, Chattoogah, Tucharreehee, the 
Clay-pits, and lay at old Estatoway. Here he made a friend of the head 
warrior. His discoveries this day quite surprised him [but he does not record 
what they were]. From Estoway [s/c] he proceeded on the 26th of March, 
to Nooulf kah, where he made a friend of Hercules [an Indian powow or 
medicine man] ; got the secret of his several roots for distempers ; met on 
the way the conjuror Toogabow, and made a friend of him ; then went by 
Echvey to Neguassee, where he met Telloquoluftokay, and made a friend 
of him ; thence to Joree, where he passed the night. [Jore is one of the 
Cherokee mountains.] Here he met Ca3sar's brother, who discovered the 
Indian's plot to massacre the English [in 1715? See Mills's S. C, 487-8] ; 
with him he had some talk. At this place Sir Alexander discovered a 
transparent stone. 

March 27, the party left Joree, passed through Tamauchly, and thence to 
Tassetchee, being 40 miles. This day's journey was over the steep moun- 
tains of Joree : here Sir Alexander made the two head warriors and the 
conjuror his friends, and spoke about their accompanying him to England. 
The night following happened the most terrible thunder, lightning and rain ; 
insomuch that the like never happened before in the memory of any of 
them : here their great conjuror told Sir Alexander that he knew he was 
come among them to rule, and that their Avhole nation must do whatever he 
bid them. [It is elsewhere intimated that this fearful tempest was very 
opportune, and was turned to good account by Sir Alexander, with the aid 
of the conjuror.] On the 28th of March he was within 3 miles of Beaver- 
dams, where he spent the night ; Ludovick Grant, and his guide, William 
Cooper, being with him. This day he discovered some iron stone at two 
different places. 

March 29, they proceeded over the mountains, drank some of the water 
on the top of the high Ooneekaway mountain, near Avhich was a large tree 
called the poisoned pear. From the top of tliis mountain to Telliquo is a 
descent of about 12 miles. They reached Telliquo in the afternoon; saw 
the petrifying cave ; a great many enemy's scalps brought in and put upon 
poles at the warrior's doors ; made a friend of the great Moytoy, and Jacob 
the conjuror. Moytoy told Sir Alexander, that it was talked among the 
several towns last year, that they intended to make him emperor over the 
whole ; but now it must be whatever Sir Alexander pleased. 

March 30, leaving William Cooper at Great Telliquo, to take care of his 
lame horse, Sir Alexander took with him only Ludovick Grant to go to 
Great Tannassy, a town pleasantly situated on a branch of the JMississippi. 
1 6 miles from Great Talliquo. [It is not easy to see by any of the maps to 
which we have access, how there could be any water course where Sir Alex- 
ander now was with Mississippi.] The path was said to be lined with ene- 
mies, yet they met with no accident. Here Sir Alexander met with Mr. 
Wiggan, the complete linguist ; saw fifteen enemies' scal})s brought in by 
the Tannassy warriors ; made a friend of the king of Tannassy, and made 
him do homage to George II. on his knee. The same night returned to 

1872.] Early History of Georgia, 267 

Great Telliquo ; was particularly distinguished by Moytoy in the Council- 
house ; the Indians singing and dancing about him, and stroked his head 
and body over with eagles' tails. After this Moytoy and Jacob the conjuror 
decided to present Sir Alexander with the crown of Tannassy. 

From Telliquo he jiroceeded on March 31, with Moytoy, Jacob the con- 
juror, the bearer of eagles' tails, and a throng of other Indians, and lay in 
the woods at night between 20 and 30 miles distant. April 1, they reached 
Tassetchee, above 30 miles from their last encampment. Here the Indians 
of the place agreed to what had been done in relation to the crown of Tan- 
nassy, declaring that it was an emblem of universal sovereignty over the 
Cherokee nation. The next day, April 2, they proceeded to Joree, with 
increased numbers, particularly by the warriors and conjuror of Tasset- 
chee. The journey lay over several steep mountains, near 40 miles. 
When about a mile from Joree, Sir Alexander was met by Mr. George 
Chicken, Mr. Hunter, and several English traders on horseback, who 
conducted him to the town. Here the head warrior of Joree had jirocured 
him a specimen of iron ore which he had obtained from a steep craggy moun- 
tain, six miles from there. This the warrior had promised when Sir Alex- 
ander passed through the place previously, but nobody expected he would 
perform it ; but the warrior said he would, though his death should follow 
thereupon. [There was no doubt a superstition prevailing among the 
Indians that no one could ascend that mountain and return alive.] 

April 3. This morning they went to Nequassee, being 5 miles from 
Joree, with an increased retinue. Here the Indians gathered from all parts, 
agreeably to notice to do so, expressed from Keeowee. This was a day of 
the greatest solemnity ever seen in the country : There was singing, danc- 
ing, feasting, speeches, the creation of Moytoy emperor ; a declaration of 
their resigning their crown, eagles' tails, scalps, as emblems of their owning 
King George's sovereignty, at the desire of Sir Alexander Cuming, in whom 
absolute power was placed, Avithout which he could not be answerable to 
his majesty for their conduct. This submission he caused them to make on 
their knees. Then Sir Alexander caused a paper to be drawn up detailing 
the event, which was witnessed by himself, Eleazar Whiggam, Ludovick 
Grant, Samuel Brown, AYilliam Cooper, Agnus Mackferson, David Dowie, 
Francis Beaver, Lachban Macbain, George Hunter, George Chicken, and 
Joseph Cooper, interpreter, besides the Indians [whose names are not givenj. 

The next day, April 5, Sir Alexander went to Nooulf kah, attended only 
by AVilliam Cooper and George Hunter, leaving George Chicken to follow. 
Here he received roots of all kinds, which had ever been held as the greatest 
secrets by the Indians. He then went to Chattoogay and lay at the house 
of Joseph Cooper's mother: on the 6th, they went to Ookunny [since 
Oconee], where Sir Alexander found a house ready built to receive him. 
The king or head man here was called the mankiller, being the same made 
king at Ookunny (the same with the king of Keeowkee), and the prince of 
Tomassy. They came to Sir Alexander and presented him with two eagles 
tails, and on their knees paid homage to King George 11. The same night 
they got to Keeowee, having looked for mines and minerals on the way. 
This is the last town of the lower settlements of the Cherokee nation. Six 
chiefs whom Sir Alexander had chosen accompanied him ; selected with 
Moytoy's consent as evidences of what had taken place ; Mr. Hunter, Mr. 
Chicken, and tlie pack-horse m(;n, made up the rest of tlie company. This 
town (Keowee) is about 200 miles from Great Tannassy, and about 300 
from Charles Town ; but by reason of the mountains Tannassy is recorded 

268 Early History of Georgia, [J^ly> 

as far distant as Charles Town. This night they all lay at Twenty-three 

AjH'il 8, Sir Alexander left the Indians and baggages to proceed to Charles 
Town at leisure, and lay at Mulberry Creek, witli Mr. George Cliicken, and 
William Cooper, the guide, being about 40 miles from their last encampment. 
The following night they lay at Salloodee river, 48 miles from INIulberry 
Creek. April 10, they lay at Congerees, 38 or 40 miles from Mulberry 
Creek. The 11th, they lay at Capt. Russel's, commonly said to be 35 miles, 
but is rather 40 from Congerees. The 12th, they reached Ai'isque's, dis- 
tant from Capt. Russel's 60 miles. 

April 13, went to breakfast with Mr. Chicken at his mother's house ; 
thence to Mr. Kinloch's, a gentleman of the council ; dined with Mr. Mid- 
dleton, president, acting as governor ; drank tea at Mrs. Johnson's, called in 
at Mr. Gadsden's, and lay that night at Charles Town. 

The chiefs which Sir Alexander had chosen to accompany him to England 
he left on the road in the care of Mr. Hunter, who reached Mr. Kinloch's 
with them the 19th, 23 miles from Charles Town. It was hereabouts they 
met with the warrior Ounakannowie, a friend of theirs who had just come 
from the Kettarba nation. He desired to accompany them, and Sir Alexander 
consented, but several others who were with Ounakannowie he declined to 
admit into the company. The names of the six chiefs were, Oukah Ulah 
(that is the king that is to be), the head warrior of Tassetchee, a man of 
great power and interest, who has a right to be a king ; Skallelockee, or 
Kettagustah (or prince), Tathtowie, the third warrior, and Collaniiah, a 
fourth warrior ; and from Tannassie, the remotest town of the country, he 
took Clogoittah and Oukanach, warriors, because the people in Carolina 
believed it was not possible to travel the length of Tannassie and back again 
in less than three months, whereas the time that Sir Alexander had limited 
himself to do it in, was from March 13 to April 20 ; the distance being 500 

The six chiefs above named, with Sir Alexander, went on board the Fox 
man of war, on the 4th of May. Moytoy would have accompanied them, but 
owing to the sickness of his wife was prevented. The Fox, Capt. Arnold, 
sailed in company with the Garland, Capt. Anson [afterwards Lord Anson?], 
on the day appointed, and arrived at Dover, June 5, after the remarkable 
short passage of one month and one day. The same night Sir Alexander 
arrived by post at London. The Indians were brouglit up in the ship. 

In the mean time Sir Alexander communicated with the secretary of 
state, and the latter with the king, who ordered that Sir Alexander and 
the Indians should be present at an installation which had been a})point- 
ed to take place on the 18th of June, ensuing, which was accordingly ar- 
ranged, and on the 2 2d, Sir Alexander was introduced to his majesty, and 
upon his knee, in presence of the Court, declared the full power he had 
received; the Indian chiefs all kneeling at the same time: Sir Alex- 
ander laying the crown of the Cherokee nation at his majesty's feet, with 
the five eagles' tails as an emblem of his majesty's sovereignty, and four 
scalps of Indian enemies ; all whicli his majesty was graciously pleased to 
accept of. 

As the speech of the Indian orator on the occasion, and the treaty made 
at the time are in print, they do not require to be produced in this article. 
Before tlieir introduction to the king, tliey had been conducted on the usual 
roun<ls of the city, — to the tower, where they saw the crown-jewels, the 
coronation-robes, and other curiosities. To tliese the chief alluded in his 

1872.] Early History of Georgia. 269 

speech to the king. How they passed their time for nearly another month, 
particulars are scanty. The treaty was concluded on the 7th of September, 
in AVliitehall, and they returned to Dover in tlie beginning of October, and 
immediately sailed for their own country in the same ship which had brought 
them over. 

There were not wanting at the time those scribblers for the public prints 
who were prepared to make the most of any odd affairs to gratify their 
natural propensity for ridicule. One denominated the chief of the Indians : 
'' High and mighty Sagamore of tlie Cherokees, whose dress was an officer's 
blue coat witli white metal buttons, and this with a laced hat and other 
martial accoutrements, made him look as soldierly as the late King of 
Sweden, having as many scarifications on his swarthy face as there are bars 
in a gridiron ; wrouglit first with a sliarp instrument, then inlaid with gun- 
j)Owder, to add terribility to his awful visage." 

"They had severally the honour to kiss the hands of his Majesty, the 
Prince of Wales, and the Duke. The Indian King had on a scarlet jacket, 
])ut all tlie rest were naked, except an apron about their middles, and a 
horse's tail hung down behind. Their faces, shoulders, &c. were painted 
and spotted with red, blue & green. They had bows in their hands & 
painted feathers in their heads." 

In another paragraph is found a severe cut at the sycophantic manner in 
which people cringe about and fawn upon royalty : — " Our citizens were not 
a little pleased to see so great a potentate as his Indian majesty is said to 
be, appear more like a heathen philosopher than a pagan Prince, as if he 
affected to show the world a true copy of a primitive king, surrounded by 
no fawning courtiers, to secrete aims from the public; no cringing sycophants 
to tickle his ears with flattery whilst they picked his pockets ; no guards for 
the security of his person ; looking as fearless and unconcerned as if he had 
nothing to protect him but the Love and Loyalty of his subjects. Nor was 
his presence, tho' distinguished by no costly badges or embellishments, 
inconsistent with his royal dignity. He had much sagacity in his looks and 
majesty in his deportment tho' his shirt and skin happened to be much of .a 

We hear nothing of Sir Alexander in connection with the Indian delega- 
tion after the introduction to the king. When they learned that he was not 
to return with them to Carolina they expressed much disappointment ; 
indicating that he may have made them a promise to do so. And whether 
he ever returned to America is not known, although from some circumstances 
and intimations it seems probable that he did; for in a schedule of his effects 
drawn up in 17oo, he mentions property in South Carolina, as houses, an 
"uninhabited island" which he Ijought of one Mr. Hill, a merchant there, 
and which island he named Hilkiah, for which he paid £100 sterling : 
observing that he named it Hilkiah, from the appearance of two eagles at 
the time of purchase. [Whether this island was afterward called 
" Cumming's Point," and had a fortification on it in 1780, near Charleston, 
is not known.] 

In this connection we will narrate all we have been al)le to learn 
concerning Sir Alexander Cuming, not before given. And as already 
remarked, we liear nothing of him after the embarkation of the Chcirokees, 
until by his i\IS. before us, he reports himself a j)risoner in the Poultry 
Compter, and says he was removed to the Compter from tlic Mcc^t. How 
long he was a prisoner in the latter he makes no mention, nor is there 
anything by which we can determine how or when he gained his liberty, if at 

270 Early History of Georgia. [July, 

all; but we know that in 1755 ho had been confined nearly two years, during 
which tunc he was prevented taking the benefit of the act of insolvency, from 
the want of his papers ; yet from a schedule drawn up from his memory, he 
seems to have had interests in numerous properties in various places, and 
affirms tliat his means are sufficient to pay all his honest debts, were he 
allowed his liberty. And at this point we must close our notice of him with 
the remark, that there probably is not a monument of any name or nature, 
in South Carolina or Georgia, that there ever lived such a man as Sir 
Alexander Cuming, Bart., unless the Point before mentioned l)e an exception. 
And it may be further remarked, that in the Gazetteer of Georgia we find 
the counties in that state are named for the distinguished men connected 
with its history, generally ; yet in one or two instances counties appear to 
be named for persons who, it may be, never had heard of the State of Georgia. 
To this Gazetteer (printed in 1829) are appended brief biographies of 
Georgians considered the most eminent by the compiler. How it happened 
that a post-village has, within a few years, been called " Gumming," is un- 
known to the writer. It is in Forsyth co., 109 miles N. W. from Milledgeville. 
There is also a railroad station named Gumming, in the same state, 57 miles 
from Augusta. It is not thought that these places were thus named with 
any reference to Sir Alexander Cuming. In the map accompanying the 
Gazetteer^ such is the scarcity of Indian names upon it, that a stranger might 
be led to sup230se that the country was never occupied by the Indians. 
Were Indian names looked upon as a blemish ? or were they discarded that